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Moreover, because we were afraid of some huge rocks that lye in the sea, chiefly of them which the seamen call Leuci, they observ'd them diligently, not only in their fea chart, to know which way they might avoid them, but kept a good watch all that night to observe them, and so with the help of God we got safely clear of them.

A little after we came in view of the kingdom of Tunis in Africa, with some adjacent islands ; amongst them there is one call'd Simles, which, tho' but small, is very fruitful, and therein groweth the best Aristolochia rotunda in abundance.

We lost this the next morning, and westward upon Sept. 1o, our right hand, at about forty miles distance, we saw another, callid Panthalarea, subject to the King of Spain, which is inhabited by above three hundred people ; Sicily on our left, because the night fell in, we did not then see, but came so near it, that early in the morning we could not only see the hills and mountains, and chiefly the Mongibello, which is very high, situated at the other side of the famous city of Syracusa, but also the buildings and steeples distinctly ; we saild also the whole day by that fide that lieth over-against the isle of Malta, so long till we came to the last point thereof: And altho' we were not in a little danger there, because of the war, yet we saw no more than one small ship early in the morning by Malta, which we took to be of Marseilles. So, God be praised, we arrived very well, and without any hindrance at the farthest point of Sicily, on the rith day of September in the II. evening, which is reckon'd to be goo Italian miles from Marseilles ; and we hoped also with the help of the Almighty to go the rest of our voyage to Cyprus, which is 1300 more, three of which are reckon'd to a French league, for we crossed the Adriatick and Tyrrhenian seas, so happily by good weather, as if we had gone the other way through the streights. And although we fail'd on very fast, yet the wind was uncertain, for one arose after another, so that we had three several winds that night and day, viz. first, 12, 13. Maistral after midnight, which lasted until morning; then the Betsch, that blew from south-west very violently, in Latin calld Africus, which lasted till night; then


follow'd the Ponente, which bloweth from the west towards night, which commonly ariseth upon the coast of

Africa, as the old seamen observe, and we found it Sept. 14. fo ourselves, on the day of the Holy Cross, not with

out trouble or danger ; for as the seamen kept that day, and according to their old custom discharged three great guns, the Betsch arose immediately with very great violence, so that the waves swell’d very high, and the ship was toss'd about from one side to the other, and did rock us so, that if we had not held ourselves, we could not have kept our places, as did happen to some of our company that did not observe this, and were strangely tumbled about in the ship, and forc'd to creep on all fours to their places again. This wind began to remit towards night, when the Maistral

began to blow. With this Maistral we went on, and 15. came so far, that on monday the 15th of September

early, we did make the island Candy, and soon after another, now cal”d Cerigo, anciently Cythera, near to the Morea. That day we had very good weather, and it was so calm that we could reach no further than to the point of Candy. Thus going on, another

wind arose, blowing from south-east, callid Sirocco, 16. and in Latin, Vulturnus, which was contrary too, and

hinder'd us very much, so that we were forced to fail upon one side, to weather the point from one side to the other ; when we came to the side of Creet, and our patron would neither land in Candy nor in a little island callid Legofa, we turn'd on wednesday towards Africa. Some while after, a very great tempest arose, with thunder and lightning, so that we had work cnough with our fails, and to rule the ship that it might take no hurt; and we failing thus against the wind, that it might not cast us back, this made us more work than the rest, for the waves went against us so vehemently, that when we were mounted to the top of a wave, we seem'd to look down thence into a deep and dark valley; then down we went again with such a fury, that we thought we should descend

to the bottoin, which continued almost till the next 17.

morning. And although the tempest had thrown us a good way back, yet in a little time we got fo far


forward again, that we could descry Candy, and the little island Legofia. Just then we spy'd two ships, one a bark, ten miles off to the left, and the other a great ship going to Africa.

After we were thus gone along by Creet, we came Sept. 18. on friday just over-against the city of Candy; it came to be so calm and so warm, that we could hardly perceive we were come above three or four miles. We going thus slowly, some of our company jump'd out into the sea to wash themselves ; but the mate of our ship run . a fith through with a long spear for that purpose, call's Lischa, and so pulld it out; this was delicately colour'd, and very pleasant to look upon; his back was blew, and his belly white and glisning, above a yard long, of a tender Mesh, and very good to eat : This seems to have been a Tunny.

Just over-against it is a monastry of St Francis, in which is a very good Apothecary's shop, and a delicate garden, filld with strange and useful plants.

There is also not far off a good and safe port, call’d Calisme, where we would willingly have taken in water, but because it lay thirty miles before us, : and the wind, Sirocco, contrary to us, began to blow again, and hindred us in this enterprise ; we steer'd on saturday towards the south, that we might reach it the next morning.

About noon, when we turn'd again to the Porto, 19. we faw another fhip on the left, and because we did not know how to trust her, we look'd to our great guns, of which we had thirteen, and got them ready, and also the rest of our arms, &c. But the longer we look'd upon the ship, the farther we perceived her go from us.

When we came within twelve miles of the port, and hoped to make it, the wind changed, and the Tramontana blew from the north vehemently; so we went on in our right course to the islands Calderon and Christiana, so that on monday we passed the furthest point of Creet, call’d Caput Salomonis, where we saw, on the hight another island, situated fixty Italian miles from Rhodus, calld Scarpanthos, and also Carpathos, where night befel us. But when we expected to go forwards with this wind, we




Sept. 22.

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loft it, and it changed into Græco again, contrary to us,
and so we could not go on farther, but were forced to
crofs up and down and to weather the point. On Mon-
day we saw a ship that came directly down upon us,
wherefore we went to meet her, and put our Aag at the
top of our main-mast. But when we came nearer we
knew her to be a Marsilian, called Santa Maria de La-
cura Bursa, they did send out one of their boats to tell us,
that they came seven weeks agone from Tripoli, and that
they wanted biscuits very much, and therefore desired
us to let them have some of ours, to which we willingly
agreed, and let them have what they would, and lo
they were very well pleafed. While this was done, a
good wind arofe again, serving us both, called Tra-
montana, fo that we could go forwards and they home-
wards, and so we parted. Then our master ordered
three guns to be discharged, which they answered with
two, so we went on, and lost sight of one another in
half an hour's time.

Here is to be observed, that of the four cardinal, and
four side winds, five were for us; for we could go on as
well with the Tramontana and the Midi, called north
and south, as with the three other, called north-west,
west, and south-west, and fo we had three contrary
ones, Syrocco, Levantino, and Græco, which were con-
trary to us in our going; during this wind we went on
with such speed, that on the 24th of September in the
evening we saw the great island Cyprus, five hundred
miles beyond Cardy. But because we had steered too
much on the right, we were forced to spend all that
night and the next day before we could come to Cyprus.
The fame morning we faw the high mountain Libanus
in Syria, two hundred miles distant from us, and fo at
night we got into the harbour of Salamine : Here is made
the best bay-falt that is in the world. Here we also
discharged three guns, for joy of our safe arrival, and
some of us landed, together with our master, to take
in water, and to enquire after our friends and acquain-
tance. No sooner were we landed, but we met with
two travelling Turks, with an Italian that understood
their language : They spake to us by their interpretery
and conducted us to their Colonel, who was encamped


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near the market-place of Salamine upon a hill, where one might see a great way off into the sea. After an hour's walk we came in sight of him, and saw about thirty tents, and amongst them his also, where we saw fome curious tapestry spread, and him fitting in the midft, with a delicate white turbant, and a long red lined Caban.

He held in his hand a long iron, like a grater we use to grate bread withal, only it was a great deal smaller : The Turkish persons of quality have generally such irons in their hand in the fummer-time; which they put in between their back and cloaths to scrach their backs when they itch: About him fat some more gentlemen bended down, and others kept centinel without his tent, with guns and scymiters well provided. Amongst the rest there was one of a good presence covered with a Tyger's skin, that held a great iron club in his hand, Upon his desire we went to him, with the usual reverences, according to their custom, bending our head and the whole body downwards, and laying the right hand upon our breasts : Our master also pulled off his shoes, went in, and sate down with the rest before him : But we two set ourselves down without upon two seats that were brought us. Then the Lord began to ask our master, by his interpreter, from whence we came, how long we had been a coming, what merchandizes we had brought, and whether we designed to make any sale there ; which questions our master answered. Then he began to enquire after news: viz. whereabout the Spaniss Armada was at present, and how strong it was reputed; whether the King of Spain had made any leagues with other princes; and how the King of France did agrec with his Hugonots; how strong the city of Rochelle was, and whether the King took it by violence, or whether they submitted themselves voluntarily. After this conference had lasted for half an hour, he disiniffed us with great civility, giving us leave to go about our affairs. So we went off with the usual ceremonies, and went the same evening into the market of Salamine, to enquire after our friends; but we found this market-town, and also all the neighbourhood so strangly spoiled, that there were but very few whole houses standing. But

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