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More Observations made in Egypt, by Guilan

dinus, Alpinus and others. Chap. I. oF the weather and seasons in Egypt.

P. 411 Chap. II. Of the meats and drinks of Egypt. p. 412 Chap. III. Of the diseases and physic

. p• 414 Of the Pyramids of Egypt, by Mr Greaves, Profef

for of Astronomy in the University of Oxford. A description of the first Pyramid.

p. 417 A description of the second Pyramid.

P. 436 A description of the third Pyramid, out of Mr Belon, and Mr Greaves.

P: 439 Of the rest of the Pyramids in the Libian defart.

p. 441 In what manner the Pyramids were built. p. 443 Of the Pyramids, Sphynx, Mummies, &c. by Father Vansleb and others,

P. 448 Of the Sphynx.

p. 452 Of the wells where the Mummies are. p. 453 A description of an entire body of a Mummy. p. 457 A letter from Dublin concerning the Porphyry pillars in

Egypt, by Dr Huntingdon.
A journey from Grand Cairo to Mecca.

p. 467 Of the Aga sent to meet the Caravan upon their return.

p. 470 Of Mecca and Medina.

p. 472 An extraet of a journey through part of Arabia Felix, from the copy in Ramusio's collection.

P. 475 Some obfervations made by Sir Henry Middleton, and

other Englishmen in Arabia Felix, &c. p. 477 Of the ways and roads between Egypt and Ethiopia.

P. 479


P. 461

Of Ethiopia : By Michael of Tripoli, Embasador from the Habessine Emperor to the Grand Signior.

P. 481 More Observations of Ethiopia, by Father Lobo,

Father Alvarez, Father Tellez, and others; extračted from their Portuguese voyages.

p. 487

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Dr Leonbart Rauwolff's TRAVELS


Eastern Countries.

In which is chiefly treated, how he got into

Syria, and whát strange things he there law and observed.

PAR T. 1.

C H A P I.


way I went first of all, from Augspurg to Marseilles, and from thence shipped over the seas towards Tripoli of Syria, situated in Phænicia.

HAVING always had a natural inclination,

almost from my infancy, to travel into foreign I

Countries, but chiefly into the Eastern ones,

which have been of old celebrated for fertility, which were cultivated by the most ancient people, and whose princes in former ages, have been the most VOL.II.



potent monarchs of the world; not only to observe
their lives, manners and customs, but chiefly to gain a
clear and distinct knowledge of those delicate herbs, de-

fcribed by Theophrastus, Diofcorides, Avicenna, Serapion
* &c. by viewing them in their proper and native places,
partly that I might more exactly describe them, especial-
ly the most strange and rare; partly also, to provoke the
Apothecaries to endeavour to procure those that are neces-
fary for them to have in their shops: I strove always to
put this ny desire into execution, but was forced to defer
it until, in the year of our Lord 1573, I found an
opportunity, by my honour'd brother-in-law Mr Mel-
chior Manlick, senior, which was very convenient. He
received me presently, (having before a design to increase
the number of them that were employ'd in his trade)
and fitted me out for my voyage, that I might go with
the firft company that should travel for Marseilles, and
then from thence farther in one of their fhips to Tripoli,
fituated in that part of Syria which is call's Phoenicia.

After that my honour'd friend, Mr Frederick Rentzen,

of that same city, was come to me, we set out the 18th May 18, of May, Anno 1573, from Augspurg towards Lindaw, 1573.

designing to go through Piedmont to Milan and Nissa,
and so farther : The fame day we came to Mindelheim,
a very pleasant town with a princely castle, situated upon

the Mindel, then belonging to the baron of Frundsberg. 19. The 19th at noon we came to Memmingen, a very

pleafant city of the empire, and at night to Leutkirch.

The 20th we rode thorough Wangen, another impe-
rial city, situated in Algaw, where they drove a very
good trade with fine ticking and linnen cloth; about
noon we arrived at Lindaw, an imperial" city situated
in the Boden sea, where there is a very great depository
or staple of all sorts of commodities or merchandizes :
some have call’d this the German Venice, because it is in
like manner situated in water, and bath also a great
trade. After dinner we crossed the lake towards Fuzach,
a village not far from Bregentz, towards the Rhine.

The 21st about breakfast-time we came to Veldkirch,
a very pleasant town, situated upon the YII, belonging
now to the house of Austria, but formerly to the counts.
of Montfort. By the
By the way I saw several fine plants, viz.




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Saxifraga Aurea, Caryophyllata Alpina, a fine fort of Bellis-major, Christa galli with white Aowers, and Auricula Ursi with brown fowers, &c. At night we came to Mayenfeld, belonging to the Grawpunters, upon the Rhine, which runs by the town, and there runs into it a river callid Camingen, which sides down between high rocks, where the famous warm bath (froin an adjacent abby, callid Pfeffers) riseth, which may be numbered amongst the wonderful waters, in regard of it's admirable operation in strengthening lame and contracted members, and hath this property beyond other baths, that it loseth itself from Etober till May, and then it cometh on again powerfully.

The 22d we came at night to Chur, a very ancient May 22. city, where also is a deposition of Goods that are brought thither from Germany by pack-horses over the mountains. A seat of that Bishop lyeth half an hour's going from the Rhine, wherefore this bishopric is accounted the chief of all the bishoprics of the Rhines or the Pfaffen gaste, call’d by others, because it is situated near the first beginning of the Rhine, according to the ancient proverb : Costentz the biggest, Bafil the pleasantest, Strasburg the noblest, Spires the devoutest, Worms thé pooreft, Mentz the worthiest, Trier the ancientest, and Collen the richest.

The 23d we rode to Tufis, an ancient village belong- 23 ing to the Grawpunters, the name whereof shews it's original, for the Rhetians are descended from the Tuscans, who under the conduct of one Rhcetus of old took porsession of those countries; not far off upon a high mountain is still Gituated a ruin'd castle, callid Realt, or which is. righteř, Rhaetia alta, deriv'd also from the Rhetians. The 24th at noon we came by the Splewer-hill into

24: a village call'd Splugi, not far from the beginning, head, or fourse of the Rhine: Thence we passed over the hill, and came at night to a little village calld Gampolschin, situated in a valley of the same name, where we rested.

Monday the 25th at noon we came to Claven, or 25. Clavenna, a very ancient town, belonging to the Bunts, which had anciently a strong castle, which was demolished by the Grawpunters themselves, Anno 1524, after it was cunningly taken frem them by Caftet de Maessi

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