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BLACKIE & SON, 49 & 50 OLD BAILEY, E.C.;

GLASGOW, EDINBURGH, AND DUBLIN.

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GLASGOW:

W. G. BLACKIE AND CO, PRINTERS,

VILLAFIELD.

PREFACE.

The work to which the title of The Two Hemispheres has been given contains a complete account of the surface of our earth, its products, and inhabitants in greater or less detail. In the Introduction the general relations of land and water and the form and depth of the ocean-bed are considered; and the body of the work then opens with an account of the Polar regions both of the north and south. This is followed by a description of the continent of Europe as a whole, its superficial configuration, rivers and lakes, geology and minerals, climate, vegetation and zoology, people and political divisions; after which the different countries and regions composing that continent are described separately, and under each the same topics are treated in greater detail, while in addition notices are supplied relating to trade and commerce, means of communication, government and defence, the chief towns, and the historical vicissitudes of the territories which now compose the various political divisions of Europe. In the remainder of the work the other great land-masses of the earth, with the countries which they comprise, are each in turn treated of in the same manner as the European continent.

Numerous pictorial Illustrations, derived from authentic sources, accompany the descriptions, and tend to convey definite ideas in a manner that could not be accomplished without their aid. They consist of views of interesting localities, notable physical features, and characteristic groups of people representing the habits and social and out-door life of natives of various countries.

The author, while endeavouring to make an interesting and readable volume suitable for use in the family circle, has been careful to arrange the information in such a systematic manner, as also to adapt the work for use as a book of reference, and fit it for a place in the study, the library, and the counting-house. A copious Index has been added.

GLASGOW, November, 1881.

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