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THE

OBSERVER:

Grensmand,

Berlin

Mass

BY

R. CUMBERLAND, Esq.

Multorum providus urbes
Et mores hominum inspexit.

Horat.

COMPLETE IN

NE VOLUME.

LONDON:

PUBLISHED BY JONES & COMPANY,

3, ACTON PLACE, KINGSLAND ROAD,

1826.

1233

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

FROM
THE BOUEST OF
EVERT JOKEN WENDELL

1918

GLASGOW:
ANDREW & JOHN M. DUNCAN,

Printers to the University.

CONTENTS.

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1. INTRODUCTORY Paper. Some descrip-

tion of the present work, particularly

of the literary anecdotes of Greece 1

2. Sect of the Dampers described. Quo-

tation from Pliny's Letters

2

3. Love of praise. Instances of flattery

in the dedication of Sepulveda to the

king of Spain, also in Ben Jon-

son's masks in the court of James I.

That poet an imitator of Aristo-

phanes. Vanity of authors in prefix-

ing their prints to their works.

Portrait of a citizen on horseback.

Anecdote of a dancing-master and his

scholar

5

4. Visit to Sir Theodore and Lady Thim-

ble. Their country house and family

described

6

5. Visit continued. Calliope reads part

of an epic poem. Doctor Mac Infidel

Discourses against Christ's miracles.

6. Conversation with Calliope subsequent

to Dr. Mac Infidel's discourse. Two

letters from Captain Henry Constant

to that young lady

10

7. Calliope's interview and reconciliation

with Captain Constant described in a

letter from that young lady

12

8. History of Pythagoras

14

9. The same continued to his death 16

10. Pythagoras compared with Christ; the

heathen argument against revealed

religion

18

11. Defence of Christ's miracles against

modern cavils, particularly of the su-

pernatural darkness at the Passion . 21

12. Danger of sudden elevation. Quota-

tion from Ben Jonson's Sir Epicure

Mammon. Letters from Pisistratus

to Solon, and Solon to Pisistratus, in

answer. Anecdotes of the latter 23

13. On the subject of divorces, with ironi-

cal rules for their further propagation

and encouragement, · ·

26

14. Tragic story of Abdullah and Quarima 98

NO.

15. Upon resignation to Providence. Diary

of Chaubert the misanthrope

30

16. Chaubert's diary concluded. Transla-

tion of a fragment of Philemon 33

17. Character of Vanessa. Visit to that

lady, with a conversation piece. 34

18. Character of Leontine. Remarks upon

duelling. Precepts for disputants 37

19. Tragic story of a Portuguese gentle-

man, who died by the rack

40

20. On the practise of puffing: Enumera-

tion of persons addicted to this practice 49

21. Remarks on the state of society in

France, Spain, and England, with

the causes which obstruct its enjoy-

ment in this country

22. On Gaming

47

23. The story of Melissa

40

24. Melissa's story concluded

25. Of the Lama of Thibet

55

26. History and account of Mr. Jedediah

Fish, a teacher of the art of hearing. 56

27. Remarks upon novels : particularly of

Richardson's Clarissa. A poem on

Dorinda .

58

28. Upon modern marriages. Several in-

ances adduced. Advice upon the

subject

60

29. Of actors; their merit and import-

Advice to that fraternity. 62

30. Of prejudice ;, its various descriptions. 64

31. Account of magic from the old Chris-

tian writers, with several anecdotes

of magicians, &c.

65

32. Continuation of the above. The forms

and ceremonies used by sorcerers, col-

lected from the above writers

68

33. A visit to Vanessa. An old gentleman

silences a talkative person by a fable.

Vanessa's remarks thereupon

71

34. Letter from Mr. Jedediah Fish, with

the cases of several persons brought to

their hearing by his process.

Re-

flections thereupon, and a hint to
parents

73

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35. Upon pleasure as pursued by system.

periority of the miracles wrought by

A meditation upon this pursuit, enti-

Moses over those which the Evan-

tled the Voluptuary's Soliloquy 75

gelists record of Christ.

141

36. The advantages of public education ex- 66. Further defence of the miracles ob-
emplified in the story of Geminus

jected to by David Levi

143

and Gemellus

177 67. The origin and progress of poetry

145

37. The story of Geminus and Gemellus 68. On natural and acquired taste

147

concluded

79 | 69. A delineation of Shakspeare's charac-
38. The case of the Jews considered.

ters of Macbeth and Richard. A

Their method of secreting their reli-

parallel between him and Æschylus 150

gion in countries where the inquisi- 70. The subject continued

152

tion is in force. Letter from Abra- 71. Further continuation

154

ham Abrahams, a Jew. Observa- 72. Conclusion of the subject

157

tions on this letter.

Some hints as a 73. Remarks upon the characters of Fal-

general apology for the Jews

81

staff and his group

159

89. Dialogue between two Jews, extracted 74. Ben Jonson's imitations of Philostra-
from an old novel written by Thomas

tus compared with the original pas-
Naish in 1594. Descriptions of

sages. His satirical glances at Shak-

French, Spanish, and Italian travel-

speare instanced

161

lers, taken from the same author 83 75. Review of Ben Jonson's comedy of

40. The story of Ned Drowsy

85

the Fox.

163

41. The same continued

88

76. Review of the Samson Agonistes . 166

42. The same continued

91 77. Comparative review of Rowe's Fair

43. The same continued

93

Penitent with the Fatal Dowry of

44. The same continued

96

Massinger

168

45. The same continued

78. The same continued

170

46. The same concluded

100 79. Conclusion of the review

172

47. Remarks on the passions. Cases of 80. Remarks upon Congreve's comedy of

Papatius, Procax, and Splendida 103

the Double Dealer

177

48. Visit to the house of a deceased friend 105 81. Observations on the various sorts of

49. An account of a ghost

style

180

50. Reasons for laying aside reading. 82. Conversation in a coffee-house upon
Newspaper critique of a tragedy of

the time past compared with the

Shakspeare .

109

time present

182

51. The first library in Egypt. Account 83. The same concluded

184

of the public libraries of Rome 111 84. General observations on the social

52. Witty sayings of several ancients 113

character

196

53. Delineation of the life of Tiberius 116 85. Advice to a man of landed property 188

54. Review of events in the reign of King 86. Author explains the motives of his
Charles the First. Of the education

work and concludes the third vo-

of a prince

118

lume

190

55. Advantages of a happy talent for dis- 87. Written on the last day of the year
cerning times and seasons

120

1789. Short review of the remarka-
56. The character of a proud man

122 ble events within the period of that

57. Advantages of a great fortune well ap-

year

192

plied. A poetic rhapsody in the 88. The history of Nicolas Pedrosa. 193

manner of the Task :

124 89. The history continued

196

58. The visit to Attalus concluded

127 90. The history concluded

198

59. Notion that death may be avoided at 91. A review of the present state of socie-

will

129 ty in this country

201

60. Meditations on the character of an in- 92. Letter from Posthumous, complaining
fidel.

131 of a certain writer who had published
61. Of the morality of Christianity

133

a collection of his memoirs and re-

62. An argument for the evidence of the

markable sayings .

203

Christian religion

135 93. Kit Cracker, a dealer in the marvel.

63. Observations upon the several in-

lous

205

stances of right reason in the heathen 94. Walter Wormwood, an envicus de-

world

137

famer

207

61. Reasons offered a priori for the neces- 95. Letter from Simon Sapling, describing

sity of a Mediator

139

his own character

210

65. 'Argument of David Levi for the su- 96. On the topic of procrastination 212

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