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Sil. And duty never yet did want his meed:
Pro. I'll die on him that says so, but yourself.
Enter Servant. • Ser. Madam, my lord your father would speak
Sil. I'll wait upon his pleasure. [Exit Serv.] Come,
Sir Thurio, Go with me :-Once more, new servant, welcome : I’ļl leave you to confer of home-affairs; When you have done, we look to hear from you. Pro. "We'll both artend upon your ladyship.
[Exit Silvia and Thurio. Val. Now, tell me, how do all from whence you came?
Pro. Your friends are well, and have them much commended.
Val. And how do yours?
Val. How does your lady ? and how thrives your love?
Pro. My tales of love were wont to weary you ; I know, you joy not in a love-discourse.
Val. Ay, Protheus, but that life is alter'd now: I have done penance for contemning love; 7 Whose high imperious thoughts have punish'd me
§ No; that you are worthless.] I have inserted the particle no to fill up the measure. JOHNSON.
6 Thur. Madam, my lord your father -] This speech in all the editions is assigned improperly to Thurio; but he has been all along upon the stage, and could not know that the duke wanted his daughter. Belides, the first line and half of Silvia's answer is evidently addressed to two persons. A servant, therefore, must come in and deliver the message ; and then Silvia goes out with Thurio. THEOBALD.
? Whose bigb imperious -] For who I read those. I have contemned love and am punished, Those high thoughts by which I exalted myself above 'human paffions or frailties, have brought upon me fatts and groans. Johnson,
With bitter fasts, with penitential groans,
Pro. Enough ; I read your fortune in your eye : Was this the idol that you worship so?
Val. Even fhe; and is the not a heavenly saint?
Pro. When I was sick, you gave me bitter pills ; And I must minister the like to you,
Val. Then speak the truth by her; if not divine, Yet let her be ? a principality, Sovereign to all the creatures on the earth,
Pro. Except my mistress.
Val. Sweet, except not any ;
Pro. Have I not reason to prefer mine own?
no woe to his correction ;) No misery that can be come pared to the punishment inflicted by love. Herbert called for the prayers of the liturgy a little before his death, saying, None to ihem, none to them. JOHNSON,
The fame idiom occurs in an old ballad quoted in Cupid's Wbire ligig, 1616: “ There is no comfort in the world
" To women that are kind." MALONE. --a principality,] The first or principal of women. So the old writers use state. “She is a lady, a great state.” Latymer." This look is called in Itates warlie, in orbers otherwise." Sir T. More.
Val. And I will help thee to prefer her too : She shall be dignified with this high honour, To bear my lady's train ; left the base earth Should froin her vesture chance to steal a kiss, And, of so great a favour growing proud, Disdain to root the ' summer-swelling flower, And make rough winter everlastingly.
Pro. Why, Valentine, what braggardism is this?
Val. Pardon me, Protheus : all I can, is nothing To her, whose worth makes other worthies nothing; . She is alone.
Pro. Then let her alone.
gone with her along; and I must after, For love, thou know'st, is full of jealousy.
Pro. But she loves you?
Summer-swelling flower,] I once thought that the poet had written summer-smelling; but the epithet which stands in the text I have since met with in the translation of Lucan, by Sir Arthur Gorges, 1614, b. viii. p• 354 :
no Roman chieftaine should
“ But shun that sommer-fwelling shore.” The original is," ripafque æftate tumentes," 1. 829. May likewise renders it fummer-favelled banks. The summer-swelling fower is the power which swells in summer, till it expands itself into bloom,
STEEVENS. ? She is alone.} She stands by herself. There is none to be compared to her. JOHNSON.
Determin'd of: how I must climb her window;
Pro. Go on before; I shall enquire you forth :
Val. Will you make hafte ?
3 Is it mine THEN, or Valentino's praise,] Here Protheus ques. tions with himself, whether it is his own praise, or Valentine's, that makes him fall in love with Valentine's mistress. But not to insist on the absurdity of falling in love through his own praises, he had not indeed praised her any farther than giving his opinion of her in three words, when his friend asked it of him. In all the old editions we find the line printed thus :
It is mine, or Valentino's praise?
Is it mine EYE, or Valentino's praise? Protheus had just seen Valentine's mistress, whom her lover had been lavishingly praising. His encomiums therefore heightening Protheus's idea of her at the interview, it was the less wonder he Thould be uncertain which had made the strongest impreffion, Va. lentine's praises, or his own view of her. WARBURTON.
4 a waxen image 'gainst a fire,] Alluding to the figures made by witches, as representatives of those whom they deligned to torment or destroy. STEEVENS.
And that I love him not, as I was wont :
with more advice,] With more prudence, with more discretion. JOHNSON. With more
advice, is on further knowledge, on better confideration. So in Titus Andronicus :
" The Greeks, upon advice, did bury Ajax.” The word, as Mr. Malone observes, is still current among mere cantile people, whose constant language is, “. We are advised by letters from abroad," meaning informed. So in bills, the conclu. fon always is --" Without further advice.” So in this very play :
" This pride of hers, upon advice, &c." So in Measure for Measure :
" Yet did repent me after more advice." STEEVENS. 6 'Tis but her picture - This is evidently a flip of attention, for he had seen her in the last scene, and in high terms offered her his service. JOHNSON.
I believe Protheus means, that, as yet, he had seen only her outward form, without having known her long enough to have any acquaintance with her mind, So in Cymbeline :
" All of her, that is, out of door, most rich!
66 If she be furnish'd with a mind so rare, &c.” Again, in the Winter's Tale, act II. sc. i : • Praise her but for this her without-door form."