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a Christian Magazine. literal Jerusalem. It is to be re-inhabitThe Jens to their own landed in her own place, even in Jerusalem. inium ; being a brief an-|I woulu here ask every reader, whether ifficulties suggested in all it be not evident, that the Holy Spirit z by the late Dr. Edwards, designed to guard us in this passage shed in the U. C. May. Vol. against a typical interpretation of Jeru
salem. 3. This passage must look fore remarked, that the return ward to a re-peopling of Jerusalem by to their own land in the Mil-|| the Jens. The city was inhabited when t in itself a contradiction. Zechariah prophesied ; and it has been fficult it may appear, it is not inhabited ever since. But the Jews,
its owo proper inhabitants, hare luing jan event which it is possible since been driven from it. The t'iy is ne place, then it must be pos- now considered as stripped of its inhabGod to foretel it. There is litants, and is trodden down by the GenIrative language in the Bible, tiles. But when the Jews shall be resis not made it impossible for tored to their own land, then Jerusalem peak.plainly, and without a fig-will, in the language of scripture, bi inne Bible is full of lypical lan. habited again. That the sensure the but this has not made it impos-l people who are to repossess ji rusalem r God to speak in literal language is eviilent from the context. 2. lui con
is a spiritual Jerusalem, it is cexion with the passage which we are 1: but it will not be denied that considering is that eminestrediction of is also a literal Jerusalem. There Go:i's pouring out his spirit on the Jews, staveply Canaan ; but there is also i which will lead them to, look on thin naan on earth. Now then, it can whom they pierced, and mourn. And e denied but that it is possible for as this undoubtedly leiers to their conto speak of the Cangan which lies version to christianity in the Millennium, ihe Mediterranean sea, and of the it is watural to suppose, that their main • Jerusalem; and so speak, as to make inhabiting Jerusalem, is then to take vident that this is the Canaan, and place. Jerusalem which he intends. As this Perhaps it may be thought by some, Il not be disputed, we are prepared, that the inhabiling of Jerusalem again, 3. To examine some passages of scrip- which is spoken of in this passage, unean3 are which seem to relate to this subject. i no more than to predict a great increase et us first examine Zech. xii. 6. “Andil of its inhabitants by others soon returi. Jerusalem shall be inhabited again, in ing from Babyloo, and also by natural her own place, even in Jerusalem. Od population. To ibis it may be replied, this passage we note, 1. It is a prediction that by comparing Hag. i. 1, witi Zech. of what was then future; and it was de- | i. 1. it appears, that these two prophets livered a number of years after the close began to prophesy about the same time. of the Babylonish captivity. Jerusalem It is evident it in the prophecy of H had then begun to be inhabited again, ingai, that the Jews ad been resiore her own place by some of the Jewis', the captivity long enough to build nation. 2. This prediction must un-| seives ciel: louste, when he be doubtedly refer to the re-peopling of the prophesy to them. Therefore
Owen Rev. Dr. rerparked on
215 252 Perpetuity and change of the Sabbath 101
Prudential Committee, Report of 181
Report of General Assembly on
state of Religion
Revelation, Song of Praise for 24 28
266 || Revival of Religion in Princeton
98|| Revivals of Religion
23 27 244
Romeyn Rev. Dr.
138|Sanctification of Lord's day 18 22 197 149
Sabbath Z. X. Y.on the 59 77 101 125
149 197 201 245 249
Sabbath, Institution of
19 23 Salisbury, Moral Society
Sin of Adam connected with his
Skenandon, Biographical Sketch of 287
Strait gate and broad way
Sufferings do not obliterate Crimes 137
12||Theological Miscellanies 35 58 136 226
Utility not the foundation of Morality 87
188 Western Dist. Miss. Society 288 19 23
48 69 117 Scrap
UTICA CHRISTIAN MAGAZINE.
For the Utica Christian Magazine. literal Jerusalem. It is to be re-inhabit. Of the return of the Jens to their own landed in her own place, even in Jerusalem. in the Millennium ; being a brief an- I would here ask every reader, whether swer to the difficulties suggested in a it be not evident, that the Holy Spirit piece writlen by the late Dr. Edwards, designed to guard us in this passage and republished in the U. C. Mag. Vol. against a typical interpretation of JeruII. No. 10.
salem. 3. This passage must look for1. Let it be remarked, that the return | ward to a re-peopling of Jerusalem by of the Jews to their own land in the Mil-| the Jens. The city was inhabited when lenium, is not in itself a contradiction. Zechariah prophesied; and it has been However difficult it may appear, it is not inhabited ever since. But the Jews, au absurdity.
its own proper inhabitants, have long 2. If it is an event which it is possible since been driver from it. The city is should take place, then it must be pos. now considered as stripped of its inhabsible for God to foretel it. There isitants, and is trodden down by the Genmuch figurative language in the Bible, tiles. But when the Jews shall be resbut it has not made it impossible for tored to their own land, then Jerusalern God to speak plainly, and without a fig-will, in the language of scripture, bo in
The Bible is full of typical lan- habited again. That the sens are the guage ; but this has not inade it impos people who are to repossess Janualer sible for God to speak in lileral language. is evident from the context.
is. In conThere is a spiritual Jerusalem, it is Lexion with the passage which we are granted : but it will not be denied that considering is that eminent prediction of there is also a literal Jerusalem. There Go:l's pouring out his spirit on the Jiwa, is a heavenly Canaan; but there is also i which will lead them to look on Hiin a Canaan on earth. Now then, it can.|| whom they pierced, and mourn. And not be denied but that it is possible for as this undoubtedly refers to their con. God to speak of the Canaan which lies version to christianity ip the Millennium, on the Mediterranean sea, and of the it is patural to suppose, that their main city Jerusalem; and so speak, as to make inhabiting Jerusalem, is then to take it evident that this is the Canaan, and place. the Jerusalem which he intends. As this Perhaps it may be thought by some, will not be disputed, we are prepared, that the inhabiling of Jerusalem again,
3. To examine some passages of scrip- which is spoken of in this passage, ineans ture which seem to relate to this subject. no more than to predict a great increase Let us first examine Zech, xii. 6. “Andil of its inhabitants by others soon return. Jerusalem shall be inhabited again, ining from Babylou, and also by natural her own place, even in Jerusalem. On population. To ibis it may be replied, this passage we note, 1. It is a prediction that by comparing Hag. i. 1, with Zech. of what was then future; and it was deli. 1, it appears, that these two prophet: livered a number of years after the close began to prophesy about the same time. of the Babylonish captivity. Jerusalem It is evident for in the prophecy of Haghad then begun to be inhabited again, ingai, that the Jewas sad been restored from her own place by some of the Jewish the captivity long enough to build theianation. 2. This prediction must un- seves ciek: houses, when he began to doubtedly refer to the re-peopling of the prophesy to them. Therefore Jerusa
lem must have been inhahited in part, threatened, that the literal Jerusalem, when Zechariah delivered the prediction from which they were expelled for their now under consideration. If the proph- unbelief, shall be trodden down by their et bad referred to a mere increase of the enemies until a certain time, it seems inhabitants who bad then begun to re naturally to follow ; that it is to be in the settle in the boly city, is it not strange hands of their enemies no longer, but is that he should make use of this pbraseol- then to revert back to its original inhabogy ;
“ Jerusalem shall be inbabited itants. again, in her own place, even in Jerusa- In this short essay it is not proposed lem." There was the place in which to collect all the proof which the scripthey were then beginning to inhabit jt. ture will furnish in favor of a literal resBut the prophet appears to speak of toration of the Jews to the land of Ca something which, to an eye of sepse, naan : But in addition to the proof alwould appear almost incredible. There ready adduced, I would refer my readers fore he doubles the expression, which to the 37th, 38th and 39th chapters of determines the very spot where Jerusa- Ezekiel. I would recommend that these lem shall be inhabited. It shall be in chapters be carefully read, with a view her own place. But where is this? It to obtain light on this subject. is even in Jerusalem. A more concise, In the 37th chapter we read of the reand, at the same time, definite answer animation of a valley of dry bones, which could not be given.
had become very dry. The dry bones The passage in' Luke xxi.. 24, which will apply more pertinently to the presis noticed by Dr. Edwards, appears to ent state of the Jews, than to that state afford some proof in favor oi a literal re- they were in just before the return from turn of the Jews to their own land in the Babylon. And immediately after the Millennium. The passage is this : “ And account of the resurrection of the dry they shall fall by the edge of the sword,|| bones, there is an account of the re-unand shall be led away captive into all ion of Israel and Judah under David, (i.e. nations : and Jerusalemn shall be trodden Messiah,) their king; represented by the down of the Gentiles, until the tiines of stick of Ephraim and the stick of. Judah the Gentiles be fulfilled."
becoming one in the hand of the prophHere it may be remarked, 1. That et. This must be a representation of a there can be no reasonable doubt but union between them, which has not yet that the people who were to be led|| taken place, but which will take place in away captive into all nations, were, in, he Millennium. In connexion with the most iiteral sense, Jews. They were their re-union we hear this divine dec. not the Jews who were so inwardly. laration : “ Behold I will take the chilThat part of the nation who had the in-dren of Israel from among the heathen ward circumcision, were counted wor-whither they be gone, and will gather thy to escape this evil. Those who them on every side, and bring them inwere taken in Jerusalem by the Romans to their own land. And I will make them were mere Jews. 2. The Jerusalem one nation ir: the land upon the mounwhere they were taken, was evidently tains of Israel. And they shall dwell in the literal, and not the spiritual Jerusa- the land that I have given unto Jacob my lern. And this is the Jerusalem which || servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt, was to be trodden down of the Gentiles.. and they shall dwell therein, even they How unnatural it would be to suppose and their children, and their children's that in this passage it ineant the church children forever.” Here it is foretold, of Christ. 3. The prediction which is that in the millennial state, when Ephraim now before us, fixes a limit to the evil and Judah shall have become one peowhich was to be bronght on that wicked ple, they shall be brought to their own people. They were to be afflicted in the land-even the mountains of Israelmanner stated, until the times of the the same land which God gave to JaGentiles should be fulfilled. If their dis- il cob his servant and the land wherein persion was literal, the ending of it may || their fathers dwelt. Now let it be seri
tapeeted to be literal. If they areously considered, in what more explicit language than this, the return of God's places now inhabited,” is very descripancient covenant people to their own|tive of the land of Israel, provided it is land could be predicted. Their return hereafter to be filled with inhabitants, is possible, and it is possible that it should and to be restored to its former glory. be revealed in the holy Scriptures, pro
Also what is here said about the peovided they are to return. But if all this ple who are to be restoreil to this land, amount to no revelation of it, let me ask, favors the idea that it is the literal Israel. How could it be revealed ?,
God calls them, “ My people of Israel.” There is something in the 38th chap-They are said to be gathered out of the ter which makes it very clear that the nations. The literal Israel are now dispeople of Israel shall yet be restored to persed among the nations. If they their own land. In this chapter, the should be again collected together, and Lord, addressing himself to Gog with his restored to the holy land, they must be company, says, “In the latter years thou | gathered out of many nations. Again, shalt come into the land that is brought this people are described as having gotback from the sword, and is gathered out ten cattle and goods, silver and gold, so of many people, against the mountains as to make it very tempting for their enof Israel, which have been always waste: emies to come upon them to take the but it is brought forth out of the nations, | spoil. “As rich as a Jew,” has become and they shall dwell safely all of them.” a proverb. The prospect now is, that if Further on in the chapter the address they return to their own land, they will still continues ; And thou shalt say, I return with great wealth. will go up to the land of unwalled villa- 2. It is evident that the restoration of ges, to take a spoil, and to take a prey, to the Jews, spoken of in this portion of turn thine hand upon the desolate places Scripture, is posterior to the return from that are now inhabited, and upon
peo- the Babylonish captivity : For 1st. It is ple that are gathered out of the nations, in the latter years, and latter days.which have gotten cattle and goods, that|| These phrases when used in the old Tesdwell in the midst of the land.". “And tameni refer to a period at least as late thou shalt come against my people of as the gospel days. 2d. These mounIsrael, as a cloud to cover the land, ittains of Israel are here said to have been shall be in the latter days, and I will always waste. It is more natural to supbring thee against my land.”
pose that this means the many centuThese passages, if properly attendedries which will have transpired between to, afford pretty striking proof of a literal the expulsion of the Jews by the Romans return of Israel to Canaan. This will and their return in the Millennium, than appear by the two following remarks. 1. to suppose it refers to the period of the There are a number of things mentioned Babylonish captivity. concerning this land, and this people who In the next chapter where the same are to be restored to it, which are calcu subject is continued, the Lord says, “I lated to make us understand them in the wave gathered them unto their own land, literal sense.
The land is said to be and have left none of thein any more brought back from the sword, intimating there," i. e. among the vations whither that they were dispossessed of it by the he had driven them. When he gatherconquering sword of their enemies. ed them froin ihe Babylonish captivity, Again, it is said to be gathered out of he left most of them there : but in this many people, referring probably to the future restoration none of them are to many hands through which the holy land be left behind.---(To be continued.) shall have passed. Again, this land is distinguished by being called the moun
For the Utica Christian Magazine, tains of Israel. After their restoration, THEOLOGICAL MISCELLANIES, it is called the land of unwalled villages.
Taken from a Common-place Book. This appears like a literal description of
(Continued from No. 12, Vol. II. Page 380.) the land immediately after their return
No. 9. In a national war we cannot to it, while as yet they have had no time I have peace until the majority desire it to build walls of defence,
Individuals unay sigh for peace, and by