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mindful of the presaged danger than of decorum; ruti- Naples escaped, except one galley of malefactors, him; and her art, (and most probably that consisted in ning to and fro with bare feet and dishexelled tresses, destined to be sent on the first expedition against her real kindness and engaging disposition,) made a with their children in their arms, visiting the churches Sicily, the forlorn hope of Naples."
constant lover of one naturally weak, impetuous, and
We may fairly conclude that Petrarch and his bril- fickle. It has been asserted that he saw her one day and bathing the altars with their terrs, exclaiming, liant band of cavaliers resorted to the palace of Joanna as he was passing the house in which she lived, some “Mercy, Lord! Have pity BM, L,!*
on the cessation of the storm: she was not likely casual disturbance in the streets having drawn her to “The evening was, howeyet, more serene than or. otherwise to have thought of his letters patent, on the the window. The story is, however, very apocryphal. dinary: my servants after supper retired to rest : but
eve of the this agitating day, and she was still less It appears that Bianca for some time resisted Francesco's
likely to sign them previous to her devout pilgrimage. advances. Her husband, as we have before said, was I thought it best to observe how the moon looked, and Passing from one extreme to another, it is not unlikely a heartless fellow, and had cruelly deceived her at the opening the window I remained at it till it set about that the halls of Castelnovo, were the scene of more first. It is little likely that she could really feel much midnight behind San Martino, looking dim and sur- real gaiety that evening, than they had been since the lasting affection for him; he was coarse and cowardly. reunded with clouds. Barring the window, I laid mydeath of good Robert.
Francesco, on the contrary, has given many testimonies •self on the bed, and after lying awake a considerable from this storm, was estimated at forty thousand ounces
The damage sustained by the merchants at Naples of having a sincere and most durable attachment to
Bianca; partly attributable, no doubt, to her own 'time, I was falling into a sound sleep when I was roused of gold: the Venetian and Genoese trade was also so attractiveness. This love he made known to her. It by the rumbling of an earthquake, which not only much injured by it, that silk and spices, and the pro- is to be remembered that Bianca was young, unde
fended from the threatened vengeance of her family burst open the windows and extinguished the light ducts of the trade of the Levant, rose from fifty to a hundred per cent.
and the Venetian State, poor, and in restraint. The which I was accustomed to keep in my chamber, but
connexion offered her with Francesco, would be a shook the walls to the foundations. The calm of sleep
defence against her dangers, it held out to her acceptbeing thus changed into fear of instant death, I went
ance, power, enjoyment, and freedom ; the manners of
BIANCA CAPELLO. out into the cloisters where we groped about for each
the time, in her country especially, presented little in
the way of obstacle to such a connexion; and accordother in the dark, and exhorted one another to patience The work upon which this abstract is founded, is the ingly Bianca Capello became the mistress of Francisco and fortitude. The brothers and the prior, David, (a Life by Siebenkees, translated by Ludger. A work de' Medici. most holy man) who had risen to chaunt matins, ter- had appeared by Muller, written in a style of florid At first the affair was kept a secret, for about this rified at the tremendous storm came with devout prayers romance, - an unmeasured laud- to which Mr. I.
time, one of those curses of royal life, a political mar
riage, was in treaty, between Francesco and Joanna, the and tears, and with crosses and relics and a number of obviously wrote in opposition. Thus he has fallen into
sister of the Empress Maximilian. The reviving power lighted torches to the place where I was. This gave me the opposite extreme, and would make Bianca the scape- of the Medici had excited the jealously of the neigha little courage, and I went with them into the church goat for all the censures due to the intrigues and follies bouring princes, and a marriage of the kind was, where we all threw ourselves on the ground and im- with which she was any way connected. It will be seen
necessary to preserve the importance of the family.
When however the prince was married, and caution plored the mercy of heaven, expecting from time to that we have taken a very different view of the subject;
was no longer necessary, the concealment was less time that the church would fall upon us.
carefully preserved, and ultimately Bianca was introof that infernal night would take too long to narrate, and though the truth would much exceed anything I
The precise light in which we should view the repu
duced at court. Although the dutchess never appears could say, yet my words would appear incredible. tation of Bianca Capello is, at the present time, rather
to have been quite reconciled to her consort's infidelity,
she shared with others in yielding to the effects of “What bursts of water !-What wind !—What flash- difficult to determine. While, on the other side, she
Bianca's fascination, though both irritable and violent ings of lightning !-What awful re-echoing of the
is assailed with the bitterest reproaches by her oppo- by nature. At last however her passion was too much heavens !What fearful trembling of the earth!
even for Bianca's art, and meeting her one day on the What horrible roaring of the sea !--and what groans of nents, her friends obscure their own defence of her by the assembled populace! It seemed as if by magic art adulatory exaggeration. Much, however, that is
Lungarno, she was about to desire her attendants to
throw her into the river. A gentleman represented the duration of that night had been doubled; but at urged against her, is referable rather to the perverted last the morning arrived, which we knew rather by morals of the time, than to any personal deficiency of
to her that this murderous impulse was suggested by
the devil, and she being very superstitious, she was conjecture than by any light it afforded. The priests rectitude. She was one against many; and yet even
struck with repentance. then robed themselves to celebrate mass, whilst we
Buonaventuri, made indolent by the honors acnot daring to raise our eyes to heaven, prostrate on the her greatest enemies cannot charge her with deeds so
corded him by the prince, was so indiscreet as to boast eartk continued to sigh, and pray, and weep. Day at bad as many a well-famed princess has committed ; on length appeared, but scarcely less obscure than night; the other hand, her artfulness, with one exception
of the favors of a lady of high family, two of whose. the wailings in the higher part of the town beginning to
paramours had already paid the price of their lives for
a similar mistake. He was assassinated by her relacease, we could hear frightful cries from the Strand. alone, is always of a very equivocal nature, and very
tions; and the lady herself was the same night slain in We also heard a number of horses prancing through like a charming kindliness and candour. If she made
her bed. To the last, though little regarded by him, the streets, we knew not what for. Exchanging de- use of art, at least she had taste, wisdom, and confispair for hardiness I mounted on horseback, determined dence enough in goodness, to base her cunning upon
nay, treated always with ingratitude, and roughness,
Bianca always shewed a lively consideration for her to see what was going on, or to die. Great God! kindness and endearment. It is an easy but a very
husband's welfare; and had he listened to her reprewhen was such a sight ever seen! The most aged mariners had never heard of or seen anything like it. dangerous and uncertain plan, to test human action
sentations, he might have avoided his fate. Repeated In the middle of the bay an immense number of by motives, rather than consequences ; particularly drawn upon him the revenge of the insulted parties.
insolence and insult, not a single transgression, had wretches were seen tossed about by the waves, who when the heart that felt those motives, and the face Francesco greatly desired a son.
He had said that whilst they endeavoured to gain the shore were driven that betrayed them, has long ceased to be, and we have
he would rather than none, welcome even an illegitiby their fury against the rocks, and appeared like so
mate son. many eggs broken in pieces. All this space was full of no eye-witness to interpret that countenance but such
Bianca had only borne a daughter to her
husband (who afterwards married a Tuscan nobleman.) drowned or drowning persons, and the shore was as could neither see, nor speak disinterestedly. Her
The Grand-Dutchess had only had daughters. Bianca strewed with corpses and shattered limbs; some with
most credible defamer, her brother-in-law, Cardinal artfully feigned herself indisposed, and finally produced arms and legs broken; some with their brains and some with their entrails protruding. Nor were the de' Medici, is at least stained with prejudice, incon
a child as her own; which, however, was the child of shrieks of the men and women who inhabited the sistency, and ingratitude.
a poor woman, procured by Bianca's agents. Many falling houses close to the sea, less terrific than the Bianca Capello descended from the Venetian house
suspected the fraud. Francesco was delighted; and roaring of the sea itself. Where the day before we
even when some years afterwards Bianca confessed the of the Capelli, and spent her early days in strict conhad gone to and fro on a dusty path, was now a sea
deception, he still persisted in looking upon the child finement to her father's palace, as was then customary
as his own. Bianca's object in this deception is not more dangerous than the straits of Messina. The ocean seemed no longer to observe the bounds which with the ladies of Venice. The nobles of Italy in those
very clear ; nor is it at all defensible. If she desired God has prescribed it; respecting neither the works of days, sometimes augmented their substance by thrifty fraud, as long as her husband continued to believe
to provide a male heir to Francesco, why confess the man nor those of nature, that immense causeway,
The Salviati, a celebrated Florentine which, as Virgil says, “projects to break the rolling
her ? Most probably, her object was merely to please tides," was covered by the waves, as well as the whole family, so trading, held a counting-house in Venice, in him, without proposing any definite end to be gained ; of the lower town. You could not pass in the streets the neighbourhood of the Capelli palace.
she felt herself sure of his regard, the wish not to
In this without the risk of being drowned. More than a
risk losing it by detection, with which she was concounting-house was one Buonaventuri, a man addicted tinually threatened, enforced by regret at having thousand Neapolitan cavaliers came from all sides to
to intrigue; the beauty of the young Bianca caught his the spot where we were, as if to assist at the obsequies
ever deceived him, made her rather forestall her eneof their country. This brilliant troop re-assured me a eye, and he pursued her. At church he spoke to her,
mies, and tell him with her own lips the worst he little. “If I perish,” thought I, “it will at least be in representing himself as a partner in the house he
could hear; making the friend, accuser, and culprit all good company.” But at the instant in which I was served, and obtained her affection. It is rather to be
in one, and drowning the deceit in greater ingenuousmaking this reflexion, a terrible cry was set up around, imagined that that affection, as astonishment is said to
If she were artful, this was always the drift of
her art. that the ground on which we stood was beginning to
If she struggled, and conquered it, was albe submerged: the water had sapped the foundation, be, was the effect of novelty upon ignorance; for ways with kindness, and womanly gentleness. She has and we retired in haste to the upper part of the town. Buonaventuri was a beartless man not calculated to
been accused of some tyrannical and bloody deeds in
conducting the fraud, -of making away with her own Certainly it was beyona measure awful to mortal eyes, inspire a genuine attachment. May not this, by the agents,—but there is not a credible word in the evito behold the raging of the heavens and the fury of the
way, have paved a road for Francesco's advances after- dence of that kind, and such proceedings were quite A thousand mountains of water seemed to come from Ischia to Naples, neither black, nor azure, as in wards? Their meetings continued till Bianca found
inconsistent with the genius of her alleged artfulness. common tempests, but of a dazzling whiteness. The herself unable to conceal them much longer. Taking afterwards, by Francesco. His legitimation was re
Don Antonio, the child, was legitimated many years young queen now came out of her palace bare-footed,
some of her jewels with her, she absconded from voked by Ferdinand on his accession to the throne, but and with her hair flowing loose about her, at the head Venice, with Buonaventuri, to whom she was married. presently restored; and Ferdinando ultimately proof an immense troop of ladies in the same penitential disarray, and visited in turn all the churches of the
Of course he had already been obliged to apprise her cured him the grand prior-ship of the order of Malta. Virgin Mother of God. of the deception he had originally practiced upon her.
In the year 1578 the Grand-Dutchess died. She had "But it was not the virgin who was supposed at last They sought refuge in Florence.
not long been dead, when Francesco determined to
fulfil a vow he had made during his life-time, to wed to have calmed the fury of the elements. In the eve
For some time Bianca lived as secretly as she could, Bianca. His decision was much opposed by his conning the storm ceased, when St. Nicholas, St. George, and St. Mark, shewed a fisherman at Venice a boat dreading the displeasure of her family, and the Venetian fessor, and many of his friends ; but he more regarded filled with demons endeavouring to enter the port, government. Francesco de' Medici was then Regent;
Bianca's smiles and tears, than the etiquette of courts
of priesthood. who, at the command of the saints disappeared, and a his father, the Grand Duke, having withdrawn himself, by the tender and solicitudinous care with which
His determination was strengthened calm immediately ensued, as by their evil agency a
in his old age, from all participation in public affairs. she nursed him through a fit of illness. On the mornon had been raised. The malice of these imps of 1 effected no irreparable injury on shore, but it By some means, for it is by no means certain how, he ing of the fifth of June, 1579, Bianca entered his otherwise at sea. Not a vessel in the port of obtained a sight of Bianca; her beauty quite ensnared
apartment, to ask, if he wished to eat; “No," said he, "I feel no appetite." "Well,” replied Bianca, “accept
at least this egg from me as a present ; eat it, it will
sense, her ready perception of disliculties, and the his body, and eked out the pension which he received certainly do you good.” Francesco ate the egg, and said
means to overcome them, supported by an unfailing from Government oy working as above stated. One to her: "I feel a great deal better and thank you for patience and a happiness of temper, that outlasted day, having been out delivering coals at a house in the your present. I have been a debtor to you this long
every opposing passion in the struggle for power. She town, he is supposed, while taking some refreshment, while, and that debt I now, in return for your kind- conciliated the hostile, subdued the haughty, fixed the to have held his handkerchief to the fire, for, on returnness, discharge. Here, take my hand; you are my fickle, cheered the discontented, and reconciled the ing to the coal-yard, in taking it out of his hat, it sudwife.” They were on the same day secretly married. quarrels of all around by means of this inexhaustible denly burst into a flame. He looked upon it as an The marriage was kept very private during the mourn- store of kindleness, which was perpetually called upon, omen, cried out, "I am a dead man;" went home, ing for the late Grand-Dutchess. Nobody was sur- and always given out with liberal and urgent bounty. took to his bed, and in a few days expired. prised at Bianca's having apartments assigned her in
True National Spirit. Testimony of an enlightenet the palace, because a report prevailed, that she had
Frenchman to the merits England and Germany. been appointed governess of the young princesses.
The true greatness of a people does not consist in bor. At the expiration of the proper time it was publicly
FRIENDS AND BOYHOOD.
rowing nothing from others, but in borrowing from announced. Cardinal Ferdinando seems to have received intelligence of this marriage some time before [We anticipate the feelings of tenderness and respect appropriates. I am as great an enemy as any one to
all whatever is good, and in perfecting whatever it it was publicly known. He had, indeed, long sus- which the reader will experience in seeing the name artificial imitations; but it is mere pusillanimity to pected this step, from his brother's aversion to a match which is appended to the following (we believe) original reject a thing for no other reason than that it has been with another princess, and his reconciliation with Bianca. But he had not been apprised of their actually
No sickness can extinguish the kindly fire of thought good by others. With the promptitude and having contracted a matrimonial connection till to his nature.]
justness of the French understanding, and the indes
tructible unity of our national character, we may assi. wards the middle of the year 1579. The illness of his brother at that time called him to Florence, when he
Talk not of years ! 'twas yesterday
milate all that is good in other countries without fear perceived that Bianca never left the Grand-Duke,
We chaced the hoop together,
of ceasing to be ourselves. Placed in the centre of whom she attended with the most assiduous persever
Europe, possessing every variety of climate, bordering And for the plover's speckled egg
on all civilized nations, and holding perpetual interThe Cardinal having asked him the cause of
We waded through the heather.
course with them, France is essentially cosmopolitan; this particular attachment, the Grand-Duke confessed that they were secretly married. Ferdinando con
and indeed this is the main source of her great influThe green is gay where gowans grow,
Besides, civilized Europe now forms but one cealed his resentment, and returned to Rome, as soon
'Tis Saturday-oh! come,
great family. We constantly imitate England in all as the recovery of his brother would permit his departure, without ever disclosing to any one his opinion
Hark! hear ye not our mother's voice,
that concerns outward life, the mechanical arts, and
physical refinements; why, then, should we blush to on the subject.
The earth-she calls us home.
borrow something from kind, honest, pious, learned Francesco and Ferdinando had never agreed; on the contrary, their quarrels were frequent and bitter.
Have we not found that fortune's chace
Germany, in what regards inward life and the nurture
of the soul ?-Victor Cousin's Report on the State of Francesco was an inconsiderate impulsive person;
For glory or for treasure,
Public Instruction in Prussia.
Unlike the rolling circle's race,
Venetian Horsemanship.-Venice being a city built in undoubtedly to Bianca's interest to keep friends with
Was pastime, without pleasure ?
the sea, with canals for streets, the other Italians joke Ferdinando; but it must have required more than
the inhabitants on their ignorance of horsemanship, as
But seize your glass--another time common temper to do so, even following her interest,
we joke sailors in England. In Mr. Shepherd's Lite of with so headstrong and ungrateful a person as the
We'll think of clouded days
Poggio Bracciolini, it is related that Antonio Lusco, a Cardinal. As soon as Bianca was in power, she sought
I'll give a toast-fill up, my friend!
friend of Poggio's, in the course of a journey to Vicanza his friendship. The Cardinal, on his part, did not hold
Here's "Boys and merry plays !"
overtook a Venetian, in whose company he rode to back; and many were the benefits that he derived from
Siena, where they took up their lodgings for the night. her kindness. Her intercession often procured him
John GALT. The inn was crowded with travellers, who, on the money from his brother, wherewith to make a figure.
ensuing morning, were busily employed in getting their Her gentleness and quick kindness made them many
horses out of the stable, in order to pursue their jourtimes reconciled; nay, almost her last act was reuniting
ney. In the midst of the bustle, Lusco perceived his the dissevered brothers. And yet the Cardinal denied
Venetian friend booted and spurred, but sitting with her virtues, persecuted her very corpse, and blazoned
great tranquility at the door of the inn. Surprised at her failings, after her death. Pride is said to be the
Spenser's Stanza.-It is somewhat remarkable that seeing him thus inactive, he told him, that if he wished meanest of passions. The Cardinal's pride made him
notwithstanding Dr. Johnson's objections to the Spen- to become a fellow traveller for that day's journey, he ungrateful, cowardly, and mean. He accepted favours
serian stanza, and his presumption of its unfitness for must make haste as he was just going to mount; on from the hand he abused, he strove to injure when his
popularity, the best poems of the best poets since that which the Venetian said, “I should be happy to accominterest was not at stake, and forgot every benefit re
dictum was delivered, have been written in that same pany you, but I do not recollect which is my horse, and ceived, when hostility was his readiest way to aggran
despised stanza! I need only mention “ Childe I am waiting till the other guests are gone in order that dizement.
;" "Gertrude of Wyoming,” and “ The Revolt of I may take the beast which is left.” After her marriage, Bianca was created a “Daughter Islam.”. Others might be enumerated, such as Burns's The above is given as a fact. The following is a of the Republic,” by the Venetian senate, a title which
“Cottar's Saturday Night;" Shenstone's exquisite caricature, in the style of our Irish jokes. put her upon an equality with the princesses of Italy,
"School-mistress,” which will keep his name alive; and As a Venetian (says Poggio,) was journeying to and crowned as such with a ducal crown; and shortly
Beattie's “Minstrel,” which, as long as there are young Trivigi on a hired horse, attended by a running footafter crowned Grand-Duchess of Tuscany. Her mar
and romantic minds, will find admirers, for it is beauti- man, the servant received a kick from the beast, and in riage was immediately followed by a fresh reconciliation
fully descriptive of the yearnings and strugglings of the first emotion of pain took up a stone and threw it between the Grand Duke and his brother, brought young intellect. Added to these again are Keats's “Eve at the agressor; but missing his aim, he hit his master about ertirely by her address. Still Ferdinando feared
St. Agnest,” written in the very spirit and warmth of on the loins. The master looking back, and seeing his lest Bianca should now present Francesco with a legi- Shakspeare's “Romeo and Juliet;" Wordsworth’s noble attendant limping after him at some distance, asked timate heir; for the surviving son of Joanna, a very
* Laodamia,” and John Clare's “Village Minstrel.” him why he did not quicken his pace. The servant weakly boy, was the only barrier between him and the
C. W. excused himself by saying that the horse had kicked throne, in case of Francesco's decease. A very delicate Philosophy in Trifles. Those persons who cannot
him, on which his master replied, “I see he is a and important disputed treaty with the court of Mantua,
vicious beast, for he has just now given me a severe find pleasure in trifles are generally wise in their own
kick on the back." concerning a marriage between Vincenzio, the Duke of opinion, and fools in the opinion of the wise: they Mantua's son, and the princess Eleonora of Tuscany, neglect the opportunity of amusement, without which was among the things to which her address gave a the rugged road of life would be insupportably tedious. happy conclusion. It was ever her policy to conciliate I think the French are the best philosophers, who
TO CORRESPONDENTS. every one, and gain her ends by persuasion and gentle- make the most they can of the pleasures, and the least ness. If this were art, a little more such would hardly they can of the pains of life; and are ever strewing A. of Birmingham, on Cricket and other Games, in make politicians less humane, or every body less flowers among the thorns all mortals are obliged to happy.
our next. The lines beginning “When Israel's car," walk through; whereas, by much reflection, the EngHer married life was past in this way, varied only lish contrive to feel and see the thorns double, and will be inserted the first opportunity. Also the article by hopes and doubts of having a son, which her hus- never see the flowers at all, but to despise them; ex- “ On a Stone;" and the "Remarks on the Metropolis" band ardently desired. Her cleverness in resolving pecting their happiness from things more solid and
suggested by accompanying a boy to school. Several political discords, and uniting angry powers, obtained durable, as they imagine: but how seldom do they for her the admiration of Pope Sixtus V., who was
other papers will be read forthwith, and tne authors find them! Lady Luxborough's Letters. about to pay the court of Tuscany a visit, out of com- Apparent Idleness not always such. Pardon me for
replied to in our next. pliment to her, when his intentions were frustrated by differing with you in opinion, you are not the idle man
Our cordial thanks are returned to C., to *, to the death of Francesco (on the 15th August, 1587,) of of the creation. You may be busied to the benefit of C. W., H. B. D., Orlando, W. H.C., T. R., A con. an intermittent fever, followed in a few hours by her society without stirring from your seat, as much as stant Reader and Friend, S., W. D., An Invalid. own, of the like disorder. Francesco was aged forty, the mischievous man, with seeming idleness, may be Bianca forty-five.
busied in the destruction of it. You give innocent Hugh Mc'G., G. E. I., A. M. P., and our Norfolk friend Many stories were circulated concerning the manner pleasure to yourself, and instruction as well as pleasure J. B., whose invitation we should gladly accept, esof her death; some saying that she had attempted to to others, by the amusements you follow. Your pen, pecially this fine weather, if time and circumstances poison the cardinal in a tart; that the cardinal sus- your pencil, your taste, and your sincere unartful
were as accommodating as he is. pecting, she was obliged to eat of it herself, in order to conduct in life (which are things that make you appear
We are obliged by the suggestions of W.M.T., and save her fame, and that her husband ate with her. idle) give such an example as it were to be wished Others said the cardinal himself had poisoned the tart, might be more generally followed-few have the capa- have thought much on that and similar projects; but and as soon as the poison had taken effect, had locked city, fewer the honesty to spend their time so usefully, must postpone its consideration for the present. his brother and sister into a bed-room, suffering no as well as unblameably. Lady Lucborough's Letters 10
By some chance, which we much regret, the first one to enter to assist them. These reports are however Shenstone.
note written some weeks ago by our fair corresponall groundless, and on their face absurd, and inconsist- Death from a Frightened Imagination. We have all ent with the the characters of the parties concerned. heard of the Italian jester who perished with the mere dent I. H. was overlooked. Thus died Bianca Capello, originally a private gen- fear of being executed, and of the criminal, who died in
We are sorry we could not see the “wrestling." tlewoman, then the wife of a man of obscure origin, the same manner under the belief that he was being Perhaps our correspondent will give us another opthen the mistress of the regent prince, and eventually bled to death.—The following similar instance of mortal his wife, and dutchess, and one of the most influential sensibility is believed to be new to the reading public: portunity.
The “Addison” who translated Anacreon is not the personages among the petty states of Italy. What About thirty years ago, a man, named Whitwam, was were the means she possessed to attain this eminence? employed in a coal-yard at Taunton, who had been,
celebrated Addison Not family importance.--Not wealth.--Not fame, and during the greater part of his life, a soldier in the 33rd high estimation.--Was it beauty in the first instance ? regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Webster, -Granted; but beauty is transient, and produces no and was very actively engaged throughout the American lasting impression of any kind. It was then her good war.
He had been wounded in almost every part of
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WEDNESDAY, JULY 2, 1834.
PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.
the present paper is chiefly addressed, -always sup- amidst the costliest elegancies; how much more is it BREAKFAST IN SUMMER.
posing that the breakfaster is of an intelligent sort; and precious to those whose means are of necessity small, * Breakfast in Summer!” cries a reader, in some not without a hope of suggesting a pleasant fancy or so while their hearts are large? Suppose the reader is narrow street in a city: “that means, I suppose, a to the richest tables that may want it. And there are forced to be an economist, and to have nothing on his breakfast out of doors, among trees; or at least, in too many such !-perhaps because the table has too breakfast table but plain tea and bread and butter. some fine breakfast-room, looking upon a lawn, or into many good things" on it already,--too much potted Well; he is not forced also to be sordid, or wretched, a conservatory. I have no such breakfast-room; the gout, and twelve-shilling irritability.
or without fancy, love, or intelligence. Neither are article is not written for me. However, let us see Few people, rich or poor, make the most of what his tea-cups forced to be ill shaped, nor his bread and what it says let us see whether, according to our they possess. In their anxiety to increase the amount butter ill cut, nor his table-cloth dirty: and shapeliness friend's recipe,
of the means for future enjoyment, they are too apt to and cleanliness are in themselves elegancies, and of no One can hold
lose sight of the capability of them for present. mean order. The spirit of all other elegance is in A silver-fork, and breast of pheasant on't
Above all, they overlook the thousand helps to enjoy them,—that of selectness,—of the superiority to what is By thinking of sheer tea, and bread and butter. ment, which lie round about them free to every unfit and superfluous. Besides, a breakfast of this Nay, let us do him justice too. Fancy is a good thing,
body, and obtainable by the very willingness to be kind is the preference, or good old custom, of thouthough pheasant may be better. Come, let us see
pleased, assisted by that fancy and imagination which sands who could afford a richer one. It may be called what he says;-let us look at his Barmecide breakfast;
nature has bestowed, more or less, upon all human the staple-breakfast of England; and he who cannot -at all the good things I am to eat and drink, without beings. Some miscalled Utilitarians, incapable of their make an excellent meal of it, would be in no very good. tasting them.
own master's doctrine, may affect to undervalue fancy way with the luxuries of a George the Fourth, still Editor. Reader, thou art one of the right sort.
and imagination, as though they were not constituent less with the robust meats of a huntsman. Delicate Thy fancy is large, though thy street be narrow. In
properties of the human mind, and as if they them. appetites may reasonably be stimulated a little, till reone thing only do we find thee deficient. Thy faith is selves, the mistakers, did not enjoy even what they do gularity and exercise put them in better order; and not perfect.
by their very assistance! Why they have fancies for nothing is to be said against the innocencies of honies Reader. How? Am I not prepared to enjoy what
this or that tea-cup, this or that coat, this or that pretty and marmalades. But strong meats of a morning, are I cannot have? And do I not know the Barmecide?
face! They get handsome wives, when they can, as only for those who take strong exercise, or who lave Am I not a reader of the Arabian Nights,-a willing
well as other people, and when plain ones would be made up their minds to defy the chances of gout and visitor of that facetious personage, who set the ima
quite as “ useful !" How is that? They pretend to ad- corpulence, or the undermining pre-digestion of pillginary feast before the poor hungry devil Shacabac,
mire the green fields, the blue sky, and would be taking. and made him drunk with invisible wine, till, in the
ashamed to be insensible to the merits of the flowers. If the man of taste is able to chuse his mode of retributive intoxication of the humour, mine host got
How can they take upon them to say where the precise breakfasting in summer time, he will of course invest his ears boxed ?
line should be drawn, and at what point it is we are to it with all the natural luxuries within his reach. . He Editor. Hallo—what is that you are saying ?--Oh
cease turning these perceptions of pleasure and ele- will have it in a room, looking upon grass and trees, you "intend nothing personal.” Well, it is luckily gance to account?
hung with paintings, and furnished with books. ' He for look you—we should otherwise have “heap
The first requisite towards enjoying a breakfast, or will sit with a beautiful portrait beside him, the air ed coals of fire on your head.” The want of faith we anything else, is the willingness to be pleased ; and the shall breathe freshly into his room, the sun shall colour complain of is not the want of faith in books and fan- greatest proof and secrity of this willingness, is the the foliage at his window, and shine betwixt their cies, but in us and our intentions towards thyself; for
willingness to please others. “ Better" (says a vene- checquering shadows upon the table; and the bee shall how camest thou to suppose that we intended omitting
rable text) “is a dinner of herbs, where peace is, than come to partake the honey he has made for him. thy breakfast,—thy unsophisticated cup of bohea, and
a stalled ox vith contention." Many a breakfast, that But suppose that a man capable of relishing all these most respectable bread and butter? Why, it is of, has every er means of enjoyment, is turned to bit- good things, does not possess one of them,—at least and to such breakfasts, that we write most. The terness, by unwilling discordant looks, perhaps to the can command none that require riches. Nay, suppose others, unless their refinement be of the true, universal great misery of some persons present, who would give and him destitute of every thing but the plainest fare, in sort, might fancy they could do without us: whereas receive happiness, if at any other table. Now break- the plainest room, and in the least accommodating part those that really can do so, are not unwilling to give fast is a foretaste of the whole day. Spoil that, and we of a city. What does he do? Or what, upon reus reception, for sympathy's sake, if for nothing else. probably spoil all. Begin it well, and if we are not flection, may he be led to do? Why, his taste will To enjoy is to reciprocate. We have the honour (in very silly or ill-taught persons indeed, and at the mercy have recourse to its own natural and acquired riches, this our paper-person) of appearing at some of the of every petty impulse of anger and offence, we in all and make the utmost it can out of the materials before most refined breakfast-tables in the kingdom, some of probability make the rest of the day worthy of it. it. It will shew itself superior to that of thousands of these being at the same time the richest, and some the These petty impulses are apt to produce great miseries. ignorant rich men, and make its good-will and its poorest, that epicure could seek or eschew; that is to And the most provoking part of the business is, that knowledge open sources of entertainment to him unsay, unintellectual epicure ; and when such a man is for want of better teaching, or of a little forethought, known to treasures which they want the wit to unlock. found at either, we venture to affirm that he misses the or imagination, they are sometimes indulged in by peo- Be willing to be pleased, and the power will soon come. best things to be found near him. It does not become us ple of good hearts, who would be ready to tear their Be a reader, getting all the information you can; and to name names ; but we may illustrate the matter hair for anguish, if they saw you wounded or in a fit, every fresh information will paint some common-place by saying, that, had it been written forty years back, and yet will make your days a heap of wretchedness, article for you with brightness. Such a man as we have we have good reason to think that the intentions of by the eternal repetition of these absurdities.
described will soon learn not to look upon the comthe London Journal would have procured it no con- It being premised then that persons must come to monest table or chair without deriving pleasure from temptuous welcome at the breakfast-table of Fox with breakfast without faces sour enough to turn the milk, its shape or shape-ability; nor on the cheapest and his lords about him, or Burns with his "bonnie Jeanie" (and we begin to think that our cautions on this head most ordinary tea-cup, without increasing that gratifi. at his side. Porcelain, or potter's-clay, silver or pew- are unnecessary to such readers as take in the London cation with fifty amusing recollections of books and ter, potted meats, oatmeal, or bacon, are all one to us, Journal) we have to inform the most unpretending plants and colours, and strange birds, and the quaint provided there is a good appetite, and a desire to make breakfaster—the man the least capable of potted meats, domesticities of the Chinese. the best of what is before us. Without that, who partridges, or preserves, that in the commonest tea- For instance, if he breakfasts in a room of the kind would breakfast with the richest of fools ? And with equipage and fare which is set upon his board, he pos- just mentioned, (which is putting the case as strongly it, who that knows the relish of wit and good humour, sesses a treasure of pleasant thoughts; and that if he as we can, and implies all the greater comforts that would not sit down to the humblest fare with inspired
can command but the addition of a flower, or a green can be drawn from situations of a better kind,) he will poverty? :
bough, or a book, he may add to them a visible grace select the snuggest or least cheerless part of the room, Now the art of making the best of what is before us, and luxury, such as the richest wits in the nation to set his table in. If he can catch a glimpse of a tree (not in forgetfulness of social advancement, but in enwould respect.
from any part of a window, (and a great many more couragement of it, and in aid of the requisite activity " True taste," says one of these very persons, (Mr. such glimpses are to be had in the city than people or patience, as the case may require), is one of the Rogers in his notes to a poem,) “is an excellent eco- would suppose) he will plant his chair, if possible, main objects of this publication; and as the commoner
nomist. She delights in producing great effects by within view of it; or if no tree is to be had, perhaps breakfast seems to require it most, it is to such tables small means.” This maxim holds good, we see, even the morning sun comes into his room, and he will con
SPARROW AND CQ, CRANE COURT
trive that his table shall have a slice of that. He will dow prettily over the clean table-cloth or the pastoral his mountain-top, poor overgrown Polyphemus, not be unamused even with the Jack-o'-lantern which milk, like a piece of nature brought in doors. The tamed and made mild with the terrible sweet face of strikes up to the ceiling, and dances with the stirring tender bodies of the young vernal shoots above-men- love, which has frightened him with a sense of new of his tea, glancing and twinkling like some chuckling tioned, put into water, might be almost fancied clus- thoughts, and of changes which cannot be, sits overelfin eye, or reminding him of some wit making his tering together with a sort of virgin delicacy, like shadowing half of the vineyards below him; and with brilliant reflections, and casting a light upon common- young nymphs, mute-struck, in a fountain. Nay, any his brow in tears, blows his harsh reeds over the places. The sun is ever beautiful and noble, and brings leaves, not quite faded, look well, as a supply for the a cheerfulness out of heaven itself into the humblest want of flowers,—those of the common elm, 'or the Such has been many a breakfast of our own, dear apartment, if we have but the spirit to welcome it. plane, or the rough oak, especially when it has become readers, with poverty on one side of us, and these
But if we have neither tree nor sun, and nobody with gentle with its acorn tassels, or the lime which is tas- riches on the other. Such must be many of yours ; us to make amends, suppose it winter time, and that seled in a more flowery manner, and has a breath as and as far as the riches are concerned, such may be all. we have a fire. This is sun and company too, and such beautiful. Ivy, which is seldom or never brought in But how is this? We have left out the milk, and the an associate as will either talk with us, if we chuse to doors, greatly deserves to be better treated, especially bread, and the tea itself! We must have another hear it; or leave us alone, and gives us comfort, un- the young shoots of it, which point in a most elegant breakfast with the reader, in order to do them justice. heard. It is now summer time however, and we had manner over the margin of a glass or decanter, seembetter reserve our talk of fires for colder weather. Our ing to have been newly scissared forth by some fairy present object is rather to point out some new modes hand, or by its own invisible quaint spirit, as if conscious
THE WEEK, of making the best of imaginary wants, than to dilate of the tendency within it. Even the green tips of the
From the 2nd to the 9th of July. upon luxuries recognized by all.
fir-trees, which seem to have been brushed by the gol. Suppose then, that neither a fire, the great friena den pencil of the sun, when he resumes his painting, in-doors, nor sunshine, the great friend out of doors, bring a sort of light and vernal joy into a room, for The following extract from Mr. Howitt's Book of be found with us in our breakfast room,—that we could want of brighter visitors. But it is not necessary to the Seasons, requires no more introduction than a fine neither receive pleasure from the one, if we had it, nor a loving and reflecting spirit to have any thing so good as day itself. The luxuriance glows upon you at once, can command a room into which the other makes its those. A bit of elm-tree or poplar would do, in the and remains fervid and beautiful to the last, like a proway,—what ornament is there,—what supply of light absence of any thing rarer. For our parts, as far as per piece of July. or beauty could we discover, at once exquisite and ourself alone is concerned, it seems to us that we Summer! glowing summer! This is the month of cheap—that should furnish our humble board with a would not be mastered by the blackest storm of heat and sunshine; of clear, fervid skies, dusty roads, grace, precious in the eyes of the most intelligent existence, in the worst pass that our pilgrimage could
and shrinking streams; when doors and windows are
thrown open a cool gale is the most welcome of all among the rich ? Flowers.-Set flowers on your table, bring us to, as long as we had shelter over our heads,
visitors, and every drop of rain is worth its weight in a whole nosegay, if you can get it,
,-or but two or three, a table with bread and a cup of tea upon it, and a sin- gold ! such is July commonly; yet it is sometimes, on -or a single flower,
-a rose, a pink, nay, a daisy. gle one of these green smiles upon the board, to shew the contrary, a very showery month, putting the hayBring a few daisies and butter-cups from your last us that good-natured Nature was alive.
maker to the extremity of his patience, and the farmer
upon anxious thoughts for his ripening corn. Genefield-walk, and keep them alive in a little water; aye, Does any reader misgive himself, and fancy that to rally speaking, however, it is the heat of our summer. preserve but a branch of clover, or a handful of flower- help himself to such comforts as these would be “tri. The landscape presents an air of warmth, dryness, and ing grass , one of the most elegant as well as cheap offling?" Oh, let him not so condescend to the ignorance fields already white to harvest, dark lines of intersect
maturity; the eye roves over brown pastures, corn nature's productions, -and you have something on your of the proud or envious. If this were trifling, then
ing hedge-rows, and darker trees, lifting their heavy table that reminds you of the beauties of God's crea- was Bacon a trifler, then was the great Conde a trifler, heads above them. The foliage at this period is rich, tion, and gives you a link with the poets and sages that and the old Republican Ludlow, and all the great and full, and vigorous; there is a fine haze cast over dishave done it most honour. Put but a rose, or a lily, good spirits that have loved flowers, and Milton's
tant woods and bosky slopes; and every lofty and
majestic tree is filled with a soft shadowy twilight, or a violet on your table, and you and Lord Bacon have Adam himself, nay, heaven itself; for heaven made
which adds infinitely to their beauty, a circumstance a custom in common; for that great and wise man was these harmless elegancies, and blessed them with the that has never been sufficiently noticed by either poet in the habit of having the flowers in season set upon universal good will of the wise and innocent. To trifle, or painter. Willows are now beautiful objects in the his table,-morning, we believe, noon, and night ; that is not to make use of small pleasures for the help and landscape: they are like rich masses of arborescent is to say, at all his meals ; for dinner, in his time, was refreshment of our duties, but to be incapable of that
silver, especially if stirred by the breeze, their light and
fluent forms contrasting finely with the still and sombre taken at noon; and why should he not have flowers at real estimation of either, which enables us the better aspect of the other trees. all his meals, seeing that they were growing all day? to appreciate and assist both. The same mighty Now is the general season of hay-making. Bands of Now here is a fashion that shall last you for ever, if energy which whirls the earth round the sun, and
mowers in their light dresses and broad straw hats, are you please, never changing with silks, and velvets and crashes the heavens with thunderbolts, produces the
astir long before the fiery eye of the sun glances along
the horizon, that they may toil in the freshness of the silver forks, nor dependent upon the caprice of some fine lillies of the valley, and the gentle dew-drops that morning, and stretch themselves at noon in luxurious gentleman or lady, who have nothing but caprice and keep them fair.
ease by trickling waters, and beneath the shade of change to give them importance and a sensation. The To return then to our flowers and our breakfast.
Till then with regular strokes and a sweeping fashion of the garments of heaven and earth endures table,—were time and place so cruel as not to grant revealing, at almost every step, nests of young birds,
sound, the sweet and flowery grass falls before them, for ever, and you may adorn your table with specimens us even a twig, still there is a last resource, and a rich mice in their cozy domes, and the mossy cells of the of their drapery,—with flowers out of the fields, and one too,-not quite so cheap as the other, but obtain- humble bee streaming with liquid honey; anon, troopsgolden beams out of the blue ether. able now-a-days by a few pence, and which may be
of hay-makers are abroad, tossing the green swaths to the sun.
It is one of Nature's festivities, endeared by Flowers on a morning table are specially suitable to said to grow also on the public walls,-a book. We
a thousand pleasant memories and habits of the olden the time. They look like the happy wakening of the read, in old stories, of enchanters who drew gardens days, and not a soul can resist it. creation; they bring the perfumes of the breath of out of snow, and of tents no bigger than a nut-shell,
There is a sound of tinkling teems and waggons rolle nature into your room; they seem the representa- which opened out over a whole army. Of a like ing along lanes and fields the whole country over, aye,
even at midnight, till at length, the fragrant ricks rise tions and embodiments of the very smiles of your nature is the magic of a book,-a casket, from which
in the farm yard, and the pale, smooth-shaven fields home, the graces of its good-morrow, proofs that some you may draw out at will, bowers to sit under, and are left in solitary beauty. intellectual beauty is in ourselves, or those about us, affectionate beauties to sit by, and have trees, flowers, some house Aurora (if we are so lucky as to have and an exquisite friend, all at one spell. We see it now
With the exception of a casual song of the lark in a
fresh morning, and the blackbird and thrush at sunset, such a companion) helping to strew our life with before us, standing among the cups, edgeways, plain- or the monotonous wail of the yellow hammer, the sweets, or in ourselves some masculine mildness not looking, perhaps poor and battered, perhaps bought of silence of birds is now complete; even the lesser reedunworthy to possess such a companion, or unlikely to some dull huckster in a lane for a few pence. On its back
sparrow, which may very properly be called the English gain her. we read, in old worn-out letters of enchantment, the
mock-bird, and which kept up a perpetual clatter with
the notes of the sparrow, the swallow, the white-throat, Even a few leaves, if we can get no flowers, are far word “Milton ;” and upon opening it, lo! we are
&c., in every hedge-bottom, day and night, has now better than no such ornament, ,-a branch from the next breakfasting forthwith
ceased its song also. tree, or the next herb market, or some twigs that have
Betwixt two aged oaks been plucked from a flowering hedge. They are often,
On herbs and other country messes
Spring flowers have given place to a very different
class. Climbing plants mantle and festoon every hedge. nay always, beautiful, particularly in spring when
Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses,
The wild hop, the bryony, the clematis or traveller's their green is tenderest. The first new boughs in in a place which they call “ Allegro," Or the word on
joy, the large white convolvulus, whose bold but delispring, plucked and put into a water-bottle, have often the back of the casket is “ Pope,” and instantlyļa period of the year, -vetches, and white and yellow
cate flowers will display themselves to a very late an effect that may compete with flowers themselves, beauty in a “negligé” makes breakfast for us, and we
ladies' bed-straw invest every bush with their varied considering their novelty, and indeed
have twenty sylphs instead of butterflies, tickling the air beauty, and breathe on the passers by their faint sumround about us, and comparing colours with the
mer sweetness. The Campanula rotundifolia, the hareLeaves would be counted flowers, if earth had none. flowers, or pouncing upon the crumbs that threaten to
bell of poets, and the blue-bell of botanists, arrests the (There is a verse for the reader, and not a bad one, fall upon her stomacher. Or “Thomson” is the magic stems, and beautiful cerulean bells. There too we be
eye on every dry bank, rock, and way-side, with its airy considering its truth). We often have vines (such as name; and a friend still sweeter sits beside us, with hold wild scabiouses, mallows, the woody night-shade, they are,-better than none) growing upon the walls her eyes on ours, and tells us with a pressure on the wood-betony and centaury; the red and white striped of our city houses,~or clematis, or jessamine,-per- hand and soft low words, that our cup awaits us. Or corn-fields glow with whole armies of scarlet poppies,
convolvulus also throws its flowers under your feet; haps ivy on a bit of an old garden-wall, or a tree in a we cry aloud “Theocritus!" plunging into the sweetest cockle, and the rich azure plumes of the viper's bugloss; court. We should pluck a sprig of it, and plant it on depths of the country, and lo! we breakfast down in a even thistles, the curse of Adam, diffuse a glow of our breakfast table. It would shew that the cheap thick valley of leaves and brooks and the brown sum. beauty over waste and barren places. elegancies of earth, the universal gifts of the beauty of mer-time, upon creams and honeycombs, the guest of But whoever would taste all the sweetness of July, nture, are not thrown away upon us. They shade bearded Pan and the Nymphs; while at a distance on let him go in pleasant company, if possible, into heaths