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from his mulligatawney and his megrims, would flesh bearing tree; nor has the city yet been disco- Or do the queens go about, stabbing and making a envy. vered in which "the pigs run through the streets finish?

--These appear to be light questions on a We look upon it as a blessing, for our parts, that ready roasted, with knives and forks stuck in their subject that might be awful enough, were we bees we retain a liking for a very crust.

We were

sides.” Civilized nations eat meat, but they can or wasps : but human beings are too fond of drawing educated at a school, where the food was poorer also do without it, living upon milk, grain, and ve- analogies between themselves and other creatures,& than the learning; but the monks had lived in its getables alone, as in India. None but savages live practice, very good, where the latter can receive any cloisters, and left us a spring of delicious water. without those. And common breakfasts, without benefit from it, but to be used with caution in all other Hence we have the pleasure of enjoying a crust of any meat in them, have this advantage over others, cases. We have, in another pablication, (the Indibread and a draught of water to this day. Often that you can look back upon them without any sort cator,-in a paper added to the second edition,) shewn times have we "spoilt our ainner,” when it has not of doubt or disgust, nor are their leavings offensive the absurdity of arguing from bee-government to come up in time, with a "hunk” of bread, choosing to the eye. It is one of the perplexities of man's human government,-a process of political reasoning Father to spoil our dinner than our spirits: and sweet present condition, that he is at once carnivorous, and once in great favour with some, who in thinking to have been those mouthfuls of the pure staff of life, has very good reason for being so, and relishing his advocate the cause of monarchy, forgot the perils they and relishing of the corn. To our apprehensions chop and his steak, and yet cannot always recon- might bring on another part of the state. If men there is a sort of white taste in bread, analagous to cile it to the rest of his nature. He would fain were bees and wasps, they would not only have no the colour, and reminding us of the white milkiness eat his lamb, and pity it too; which is puzzling. sovereigns and mothers except queens, but massacre of the wheat. We have a respect, both of self-love However, there are worse perplexities than these; their nobility, and themselves into the bargain, once and sympathy, with the poor light-hearted player and the lambs lead pleasant flowery lives while a year! But being men, and gifted with reason, they in Gil Blas, who went singing along the country they do live. Nor could they have had this taste discover that it is a manlier thing to teach and road, dipping his crust in the stream. Sorrow had of existence, if they were not bred for the table. improve one another, than massacre any body. no hold on him, with ninety-nine out of her hundred Let us all do our best to get the world forward, and Bees must not guide men. Men are their masters, arms. Carelessly along went he, safe from her worst we shall see. We shall either do away all we think and must guide them: perhaps, will ultimately give handling, in his freedom from wants. She might wrong, or see better reasons for thinking it right. them a lift, and so be like gods to them! have peered out of her old den, and grown softened Meanwhile, let us dine and breakfast, like good- As our extract in the present department of our at his chaunt. But he went alone too: he had none humoured people; and not a quarrel with our bread paper is so short this week, we gladly take the opporto care for; which was a pleasure also. It would be and butter."

tunity of a beautiful little description of a nook to read none to us,-one thing provided. There are pains,

in, to make the following striking extract from the when you get heartily acquainted with them, which

Seven Temptations of Mrs. Howitt, a production out-value the reverse pleasures. Besides, we must

which we have read through with a pleasure, only all get through our tasks, as manfully and cheerfully


bounded by our regret, that the fair writer's convenas we can ; losing, if possible, no handsome pleasure

tional opinions of what is good and pious, are not by the way, and sustaining ourselves by the thought From Wednesday, the 16th to Tuesday, the 22d of July. always in perfect harmony with her natural good that all will be for the best, provided we do our best

About the close of this week takes place that extra

sense and benevolence. The chief actor in the folfor all. It is not the existence of pain that spoils ordinary proceeding of government among the bees, lowing scene is a spendthrift who has alienated his the relish of the world ; but the not knowing how -the massacre of the drones.

house and lands, and is resolved to get them back to make the most of pleasures, and thereby reducing

“After the season of swarming,” says Dr. Bevan,

again by an inexorable pursuit of money. the pains to their most reasonable size and their viz. : towards the end of July, as is well known, a

SCENE 111. most useful account.

general massacre of the drones takes place. The A fine moonlight night-A lonely field in the extremity You may make a landscape, if you will, out of business of fecundation being now completed, they are of the valley of Torres.-Enter Thomas with an ass, your breakfast table, better than Mr. Kirk's picture. regarded as useless consumers of the fruits of others he takes off the bridle and turns it to graze.

labours, fruges consumere nati;" love is at once Thomas. There, thou poor, half-starved, patient Here where the bread stands, is its father, the field converted into furious hate, and a general proscription

animal, of corn, glowing in the sun, cut by the tawny reapers,

takes place. The unfortunate victims evidently per- There's grass, rare green grass for thee; eat thy fill, and presenting a path for lovers. The village church ceive their danger; for they are never, at this time, Would thou couldst take a store for forty days ! (where they are to be married) is on a leafy slope, seen resting in one place, but darting in or out of the This once was mine—I tell thee, it was mine!

hive with the utmost precipitation, as if in fear of I know it inch by inch-yon leafy hedge on one side ; and on the other is a woody hill, with

being seized. Their destruction has generally been Is hazel every twig. 1 little dreamed fountains. There, far over the water, (for this basin supposed to be effected by the workers harassing them When I was wandering here a happy boy, of water, with island lumps of butter in it, shall be till they quit the hive; this was the opinion of Mr. The time would come when I should steal in here a sea) are our friends the Chinese, picking the leaves Hunter, who says that the workers pinch them to and A thief o' nights ! fro, without stinging them, and he considers their

Ah! I remember wellof their tea-trees,—a beautiful plant ; or the Arabs

death as a natural rather than an untimely one. In There is a little hollow hereabout, plucking the berries of the coffee-tree, a still more

this, Bonnet seems to agree with Mr. Hunter. But Where wild-briar roses, and lithe honeysuckle beautiful one, with a profusion of white blossoms and Huber has observed that their destruction is effected Made a thick bower; 'twas here I used to come an odour like jassamine. For the sugar (instead of by the stings of the workers. He ascertained this by To read sweet books of witching poetry!

placing his hives upon a glass table. Reaumur seems Could it be I ? No, no, I am so chang'd, a bitterer thought, not so harmonious to our pur

to have been aware of this, for he has remarked that, I will not think this man was once that boy, pose, but not to be forgotten at due times) you may “notwithstanding the superiority which the drones The thought would drive me mad! I will but think think of Waller's Sacharissa,* so named from the seem to have from their bulk, they cannot hold I once knew one who call'd this vale his own;, Latin word for sugar (sacharum) a poor compliment out against the workers, who are armed with a poi- I will but think I knew a merry boy,

nard which conveys poison into the wound it makes." And a kind, gentle father, years agone, to the lady; but the lady shall sweeten the sugar,

The moment this formidable weapon has entered Who had their dwelling here; and that the boy instead of the sugar doing honour to the lady; and their bodies, they expand their wings, and expire. Did love this lonely nook, and used to find she was a very knowing as well as beautiful woman, This sacrifice is not the consequence of a blind indis- Here the first nests of summer; here did read and saw farther into love and sweetness than the so

criminating instinct, for if a hive be deprived of its All witching books of glorious poetry; phisticate court poet ; so she would not have him, persecution rage in all the surrounding hives. This queen, no massacre takes place, though the hottest And then, that as the boy became a youth,

And gentle feelings strengthened into passion, notwithstanding his sugary verses, but married a fact was observed by Bonnet, who supposed the

And love became the property of life, higher nature.

drones to be preserved for the sake of the additional Hither he wandered with a girlish beauty, Bread, milk, and butter are of venerable antiquity.

heat which they would generate in the hive during Gathering, like Proserpine, sweet meadow flowers ;

winter; but according to Huber's theory, they are And that they sate beneath the wild-briar rose, They taste of the morning of the world. Jael, to en

preserved for the purpose of impregnating a new And that he then did kiss that maiden's cheek tertain her guest, "brought forth butter in a lordly queen. The lives of the drones are also spared in The first time as a lover !-Oh, my God! dish." Homer speaks of a nation of milk-eaters, hives which possess fertile workers only, but no pro- That was the heir of Torres,-a brave boy, whom he calls the “justest of men.” To “break per queen; and likewise in hives governed by a queen

A noble hearted boy! he grew a man, bread” was from time immemorial the Eastern signal any other circumstances, the drones all disappear whose impregnation has been retarded; but under And what became of him? Ha: pass we that

Would that I knew not what became of him! of hospitality and contidence. We need not add before winter. Not only all that have undergone

[He advances into the hollow. reasons for respecting it, still more reverend. Bread their full transformations, but every embryo, in what- "Tis even as then! this bower hath little changed, is the “staff of life” throughout the greater part of

ever period of its existence, shares the same fate. But hearts have changed since then, and thoughts The workers drag them forth from their cells, and

have changed, the civilized world; and so accordant in its taste

after sucking the fluid from the bodies, cast them out And the great purpose of a life hath changed ! with the human palate, that nature, in some places of the hive. In all these respects the hive bees Oh, that I were a bird among these boughs, seems to have grown it ready-made on purpose, in

resemble wasps, but with this difference; among the To live a summer life of peace and joy; the shape of the Bread Fruit Tree. There is also a

latter, not only the males and the male larvæ are To never fret my soul for broken faith ;

destroyed, but all the workers and their larvæ, (and To have no onward hope, no retrospection! Milk-tree; but we no where find a carniferous, or

the very combs themselves), are involved in one in- Ah! there's the tiny glowworm as of old !

discriminate ruin, none remaining alive during the It is a lovely thing. Oh me! how much Sachraissa way Lady Dorothy Sidney, of the great and

winter but the queens, which lie dormant in various That's beautiful and pure have I forgotten! truly noble family of the sidneys. She married a sincere, holes and corners till the ensuing spring, of course, Years is it since a glow worm crossed my thoughts, atfectionate, and courageous man, Robert Spencer, Earl of without food, for they store none.”

And it was the bright marvel of my boyhood Sunderland, who was killed four years afterwards, in a cause for which he thooght himself bound to quit the arms of the

How are the destroyers then destroyed ?

A fire, and yet so cold ! let's feel it now, woman he loved. ller second husband was of the Smythe they destroy one another? Is the whole of wasp

If 'tis as it was then. family. In her old age, meeting Walker at a card table,

[He stoops to pick it up. Lady Sunderland asked him, in good humoured and not on. land ateful recollection of his fine verscs, when he would write

Heavens, it is gold!

Bent more such upon her; to which the “polite" poel, either

And here is more ! bright, shining, glorious gold! n spite or want of address, bad the poverty of spirit to

On bloody courses, till the rude scene ends,

[He pulls away the moss and roots, and draws out ,"Ob, madam! when your lady ship is as young again." And darkness is the burier of the dead ?

a small bag of gold c0j7l.


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Your money,



Let me into the moonlight--gold, gold, gold!

don't know the news I have to tell; my mamma's necessary advice to him, and proper instructions to A hoard of shining gold: here lieth more

old uncle is dead, the messenger is now in the house, his father. He now purchased a pair of colours, Than I have saved in seven years weary toil,

and you know his estate is settled upon you.” This commenced a professed admirer of the sex, and And honest gain--this is some robber's booty account seemed only to increase his agony, and look- dressed to the very edge of his finances ; but soon It were no sin to take a robber's gold.

ing angrily at her, he cried, “There you lie, my dear; becoming disgusted with the life of a soldier, quitted [A step is heard approaching. his estate is not settled upon me." "I beg your par- the army, entered his name as a student in the TemHa! some one comes !

don," said she, “I really thought it was, at least you ple books, and here went to the very summit of (He shurinks into the shade', and lies close under the bank have always told me so." "No," returned he, second-rate luxury. He spent some years about Man. Now, by your leave, good friend,

sure as you and I are to be miserable here, and our town, till at last, his genteel appearance, his conWho may you be?

children beggars hereafter, I have sold the reversion stant civility, and still more his assiduity, gained Thos. A poor night traveller,

of it this day, and have lost every farthing I got for him the acquaintance of several persons, qualified to Who takes up his cheap quarters 'neath the hedges it at the hazard table.” “What all ?” replied the lead the fashion both by birth and fortune. He

Man. I'm in the like case too. But, honest friend, lady. “Yes, every farthing,” returned he," and I brought a person genteely dressed to every assembly; I have a little liking for your pillow,

owe a thousand pounds more than I have got to pay.” he always made one of those who are called good May't please you take the further side o the bed!

Thus speaking, he took a few frantic steps across the company ; and assurance gave him an air of eleThos. First come, first served—it is a well known

When the lady had a little enjoyed his per- gance and ease. adage.

plexity, “No, my dear," cried she," you have lost Man. Come, come, my friend, these are my but a trifle, and you owe nothing: our brother and I He was, if not a brilliant, at least an agreeable comancient quarters ;

have taken care to prevent the effects of your rash. panion. He never forgot good manners, even in the I have a foolish liking for this spot

ness, and are actually the persons who have won your highest warmth of familiarity, and, as we hinted beAll are alike to you

fortune; we employed proper persons for this purpose, fore, never went in a dirty shirt, to disgrace the table Thor. I have possession, who brought their winnings to me.

of his patron or friend. “These qualifications,” says. And will maintain it!

your equipage, are in my possession, and here I re- his biographer, "might make the furniture of his Man.

It shall then be tried. turn them to you, from whom they were unjustly head; but for his heart, that seemed an assemblage (He lays hold on Thomas, and they struggle together. taken. I only ask permission to keep my jewels, and of the virtues which display an honest benevolent Ha, ha, you thief, then you have got the bag!

to keep you, my greatest jewel, from such dangers mind; with the vices that spring from too much good Thos. You villain! you marauding thief!

for the future.” Her prudence had the proper effect. nature.” He had pity for every ereature in distress, [Thomas rushes into the thicket, the man follows. He ever after retained a sense of his former folies, but wanted prudence in the application of his beneMan. (within the thicket). I am a dead man, help! and never played for the smallest sums, even for fits. He had generosity for the wretched in the oh, I am murdered ! amusement.

highest degree, at a time when his creditors comChrist help me! I am murdered !

plained of his justice. Thos. (Rushing out). He is not ! no! Cuffs do not murder men !

Nash was now fairly for life entered into a new (He runs off. BEAU NASH.

course of gaiety and dissipation, and steady in nothing

but in the pursuit of variety. He was thirty years old, We take the opportunity of following the above

without fortune, or useful talents to acquire one. He ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE.

xtract from Goldsmith's life of this once "influ- had hitherto only led a life of expedients; he thanked. ential personage,” with an account of Nash himself. chance alone for his support; and having been long We do not add it to our list of Romances,” be- precariously supported, he became, at length, totally cause though Nash was a real singularity, there was

a stranger to prudence or precaution. Not to disThis rare, because pleasing passage, in the domestic

guise any part of his character, he was now by history of a gamester (we do not mean the having a

something in him too flimsy to bring him within profession a gamester; and went on from day to day wife too good for him—which must be the case with

the borders of so grave a thing as Romance. The feeling the vicissitudes of rapture and anguish in proall gamesters whose wives are good for any thing- and it would have made him respectable, had it been most solid thing about him was his charitableness; portion to the fluctuations of fortune. About 1703,

the city of Bath became, in some measure, frequented but the agreeable surprise which she had prepared for

by people of distinction. The company was numerous less a matter of temperament, and more accompanied enough to form a country-dance upon the bowlinghim against his downfall) is related by Goldsmith in his life of Beau Nash. It looks like a page out of one

with justice. But he was a curiosity of his kind, and green; they were amused with a fiddle and a hautboy, a 'Reminiscence” of him will not be unacceptable to

and diverted with the romantic walks round the city. of Fielding's novels. We have only to imagine Booth

They usually sauntered in fine weather in the grove, many of our readers just now, when a popular dragrown less civil, and Amelia remaining what she was,

between two


rows of sycamore trees. matist has made him the subject of a comedy. and the incident would have perfectly suited her.

learned physicians, Dr. Jordan and others, had even

Nash is to be added to the list of long livers; and then praised the salubrity of the wells; and the At Tunbridge, in the year 1715, Mr. J. Hedges made a very brilliant appearance; he had been married the reader will observe, that what has been invariably

amusements were put under the direction of a master

of the ceremonies. Captain Webster was the predeabout two years to a young lady of great beauty and observed of them, and appears (with temperance or

cessor of Nash. This gentleman, in 1704, carried the large fortune; they had one child, a boy on whom great exercise) to be the only invariable condition of balls to the Town-ball, each man paying half-a-guinea they bestowed all that affection, which they could their longevity, has not failed in his instance:-he

each ball. One of the greatest physicians of his age spare from each other. He knew nothing of gaming, nor seemed to have the least passion for play; but he was an early riser.

conceived a design of ruining the city, by writing

against the efficacy of the waters; and accordingly was unacquainted with his own heart; he began by It has been doubted whether Goldsmith was the published a pamphlet, by which, he said, “he would degrees to bet at the table for trifling sums, and his author of the life attributed to him. We think, how- cast a toad into the spring." soul took fire at the prospect of immediate gain; he was soon surrounded with sharpers, who with calmever, it bears strong internal marks of his hand,

In this situation things were when Nash first came

into the city; and, hearing the threat of this physiness lay in ambush for his fortune, and coolly took adthough not in its happiest or most confident mo

cian, he humorously assured the people, that if they vantage of the precipitancy of his passions.

ments. Its pleasantry is uneasy and overdone, as if would give him leave, he would charm away the His lady perceived the ruin of her family approach- conscious of having got into company unfit for it; poison of the toad, as they usually charmed the venom ing, but, at first, without being able to form any and something of the tawdriness of the subject diately empowered to set up a band of music against

of the tarantula by music. He therefore was immescheme to prevent it. She advised with his brother, who at that time was possessed of a small fellowship sticks to him, -perhaps from a secret tendency of

the doctor's reptile; the company very sensibly enin Cambridge. It was easily seen that whatever pas- his own to mix up the external character of a fine creased, Nash triumphed, and the sovereignty of the sion took the lead in her husband's mind, seemed to gentlemen “in a blossom-coloured coat,” with his city was decreed to him by every rank of people. be there fixed unalterably : it was determined there. fore to let hins pursue fortune, but previously take otherwise natural and totally incompatible character

None could possibly conceive a person more fit to fill measures to prevent the pursuit being fatal. of a single-hearted and unaffected writer. Chalmers, it was of that sort which is rather happy than perma

this employment than Nash; he had some wit; but Accordingly, every night this gentleman was a con- the compiler of the Biographical Dictionary, who was nent. He was charitable himself, and generally stant attender at the hazard tables ; he understood much in the secrets of book-making, appears to have

shamed his betters into a similitude of sentiment, if neither the arts of sharpers, nor even the allowed strokes of a connoiseur, yet still he played. The had no doubt on the subject. It is not improbable, they were not naturally so before. His first care,

when made master of the ceremonies, or King of consequence is obvious; he lost his estate, his equi. that Goldsmith had materials for the life, by some

Bath, as it is called, was to promote a music subscrippage, his wife's jewels, and every other moveable other person, put into his hands, and so made it up tion of one guinea each, for a band; which was to that could be parted with, except a repeating watch. by touches of his own, and by altering the composi

consist of six performers, who were to receive a His agony, upon this occasion, was inexpressible ; he was even mean enough to ask a gentleman who sate tion. The following summary of it is taken from

guinea a-week each for their trouble. He allowed

also two guineas a-week for lighting and sweeping near, to lend him a few pieces, in order to turn his Chalmers, (with the exception of a few words).

the rooms, for-which he accounted to the subscribers fortune; but this prudent gamester, who plainly saw Richard Nash, Esq, was born at Swansea, in Gla- by receipt. By his direction, one Thomas Harrison there were no expectations of being repaid, refused morganshire, Oct. 18, 1674. His father was a erected a handsome assembly-house for these purto lend a farthing, alledging a former resolution gentleman, whose principal income arose from a poses. A better band of music was also procured, against lending. Hedges was at last furious with the partnership in a glass-house ; his mother was neice and the former subscription of one guinea was raised continuance of ill success, and pulling out his watch, to Colonel Poyer, who was killed by Oliver Crom- to two. Harrison had three guineas a week for the asked if any person in company, would set him sixty well, for defending Pembroke Castle against the room and candles, and the music two guineas a man. guineas upon it: the company were silent; he then rebels. He was educated at Caermarthen School, and the money Nash received, and accounted for with the demanded fifty; still no answer : he sunk to forty, thence sent to Jesus College, Oxford, in order to utmost exactness and punctuality. The balls, by his thirty, twenty; finding the company still without an- prepare him for the study of the law. His father

direction, were to begin at six and to end at eleven. swering, he cried out, “ By G-d it shall never go for had strained his little income to give his son such an Nor would he suffer them to continue a moment less," and dashed it against the floor; at the same education, and from the boy's natural vivacity, he longer, lest invalids might commit irregularities, to time attempting to dash out his brains against the hoped a recompense from his future preferment. In counteract the benefit of the waters. By degrees, he marble chimney-piece.

college, however, he soon shewed that though much made the gentlemen give up their custom of wearing This last act of desperation immediately excited the might be expected from his genius, nothing could be their swords at the rooms; and in order to make their attention of the whole company; they instantly ga- hoped from his industry. The first method Nash boots follow the swords, he was at the pain of getting thered round, and prevented the effects of his passion; took to distinguish himself at college was not by ap. up a puppet show, in which Punch did the most preand after he again became cool, he was permitted to plication to study, but by assiduity in intrigue. Our posterous things, booted and spurred, going, among return home, with sullen discontent, to his wife. hero was quickly caught, and went through all the other pranks, to bed, thus accoutred. The city of Bath Upon his entering her apartment, she received him mazes and adventures of a college intrigue before he by such assiduity, soon became the theatre of summer with her usual tenderness and satisfaction ; while he was seventeen; he offered marriage ; the offer was amusements for all the people of fashion; and the answered her caresses with contempt and severity; his accepted; but the affair coming to the knowledge of magistrates of the city, finding him so necessary and disposition being quite altered with his misfortunes. his tutor, his happiness, or perhaps his misery, was useful, took every opportunity of paying the same re“But, my dear Jemmy,” says his wife, “perhaps you prevented, and he was sent home from college, with spect to his fictitious royalty, that is generally extorted


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by real power. His equipage was sumptuous, and

once old and poor, running on in this pursuit, might Dî bene fecerunt, inopis me quodque pusili he used to travel to Tunbridge in a post chaise and excite astonishment.

Finxerunt animi. six greys, with outriders, footmen, French horns, and

Sat. iv. 17. every other appendage of expensive parade.

Anxious, timid, his thoughts still hanging on a re- I confess I love littleness almost in all things. A always wore a white hat; and to apologize for this ceding world, he desired to enjoy a little longer that little convenient estate, a little cheerful house, a little singularity, said he did it purely to secure it from life, the miseries of which he had experienced so long. company, and a very little feast ; and if I ever were being stolen; his dress was tawdry, and not perfectly The poor unsuccessful gamester husbanded the wast- to fall in love again, (which is a great passion, and, genteel; he might be considered as a beau of several ing moments with an increased desire to continue the therefore I hope I have done with it), it would be, i generations, and, in his appearance, he, in some mea

game; and, to the last, eagerly wished for one yet think, with prettiness, rather than with majestical gure, mixed the fashions of a former age with those

more happy throw. He died at his house in St. beauty. I would neither wish that my mistress, nor of his own. He perfectly understood elegant expense, John's Court, Bath, Feb. 3, 1761, aged 87. His my fortune, should be a bona roba, nor, as Homer and generally passed his time in the best company, if death was sincerely regretted by the city, to which uses to describe his beauties, like a daughter of great persons of the first distinction deserve that title.

he had been so long and so great a benefactor. Jupiter for the stateliness and largeness of her person; But, perhaps, the reader may demand, what fi

but, as Lucretius says, nances were to support all this finery?-or whence the

In domestic life, among his servants and depen- Parvula, pumilio, xapitav uía, tota merum sal. treasures came that gave him such frequent opportu. dants, where no gloss was required to colour his

Lucr. iv. 1155. nities of displaying his benevolence or his vanity? sentiments and disposition, nor any mask necessary

Where there is one man of this, I believe there are The secret was to be found in his gaming. Wherever to conceal his foibles, Nash was ever fond of promoting a thousand of Senecio's mind, whose ridiculous people of fashion came, needy adventurers were ge- the interests of his servants and dependants, and affectation of grandeur Seneca the elder describes to nerally found in waiting. With such, Bath swarmed; making them happy. In his own house, no man this effect :-Senecio was a man of turbid and conand among this class Nash was certainly to be num

was, perhaps, more regular, cheerful, and beneficent. fused wit, who could not endure to speak any but bered in the beginning only with this difference,

His table was always free to those who sought his mighty words and sentences, till this humour at last that he wanted the corrupt heart too commonly at friendship or wanted a dinner. As his thoughts were grew into so notorious a habit or rather disease, as tending a life of expedients; for he was generous, entirely employed in the affairs of his government, he became the sport of the whole town; he would have humane, and honourable, even though by profession was seldom at home but at the time of eating or of no servants, but huge, massy fellows; no plate or a gamester. But, whatever skill Nash might have

rest. His table was well served, but his entertain- household stuff, but thrice as big as the fashion; you acquired by long practice in play, he was never form

ment consisted principally of plain dishes. He gene- may believe me, for I speak it without raillery, his ed by nature for a successful gamester. He was con

rally arose early in the morning, being seldom in extravagancy came at last into such a madness, stitutionally passionate and generous. While others

bed after five; and to avoid disturbing the family that he would not put on a pair of shoes, each made considerable fortunes at the gaming table, he and depriving his servants of their rest, he had the of which was not big enough for both his feet; he was ever in the power of chance ; nor did even the

fire laid after he was in bed, and in the morning would eat nothing but what was great, nor touch intimacy with which he was received by the great, lighted it himself, and sat down to read some of his any fruit but horse plums and pound pears; he kept place him in a state of independence. The consi

few, but well chosen books. His generosity and a concubine that was a very giantess, and made her derable inconveniences that were found to result from charity in private life, though not so conspicuous, walk to always in Chiopins, till, at last, he got the a permission of gaming, at length attracted the atten

was as great as that in public, and indeed far more name of Senecio Grandio, which Messala said, was tion of the Legislature; and in the twelfth yrar of his considerable than his little income would admit of. not his cognomen, but his cognomentum; when he late Majesty the most prevalent games at that time

declaimed for the three hundred Lacedæmonians, were declared fraudulent and unlawful.

who alone opposed Xerxes's army of above three SPECIMENS OF CELEBRATED AUTHORS.

hundred thousand, he stretched out his arms and It was enacted that after the 24th of June, 1745,

stood on tip-toes, that he might appear the taller,

Cowley. none should be permitted to keep a house, room, or

and cried out in a very loud voice; “I rejoice, i place for playing, upon pain of such forfeitures as His Preference of a Small Style of Living to a Great. rejoice!"-We wondered, I remember, what new were declared in former acts instituted for that pur

Abraham Cowley, a political court secretary, son

fortune had befallen his eminence. “Xerxes,' says purpose.

of a grocer, born 'at the western corner of Chancery he, “is all mine own. He who took away the sight By this wise and just act, all Nash's future hopes

of the sea, with the canvass sails of so many ships ;' of succeeding by the tables were blown up. From Lane in Fleet Street, A.D. 1618, and as honest a man

and then he goes on so, as I know not what to make that time, we find him involved in continual disputes, in the ranks of the loyalists to Charles the First, as of the rest, whether it be the fault of the edition, or every day calumniated with some new slander, and Milton was in those of the republicans, was looked the orator's own burley way of nonsense. continually endeavouring to obviate its effects. Nature had by no means formed him for a beau garçon : upon, by the leaders of opinion in his time, as the

This is the character that Seneca gives of this

hyperbolical fop, whom we stand amazed at; and yet his person was clumsy, too large, and awkward, and greatest wit and poet that existed, perhaps that ever

there are few men who are not in some things, and his features harsh, strong, and peculiarly irregular; existed. A wit he was, and a poet too, though not in some degrees, -Grandios. Is anything more comyet, even with those disadvantages, he made love, of the great order that was supposed. His most mon than to see our ladies of quality wear such high became a universal admirer of the sex, and was uni.

shoes as they cannot walk in, without one to lead versally admired. He was possessed, at least, of admired poetry was full of “conceits ;" that is to some requisites of a lover. He had assiduity, flatsay, of laboured and far-fetched thoughts, instead of that they cannot stir to the next room without a page

them; and a gown as long again as their body, so tery, fine clothes, and as much wit as the ladies he imagination and feeling ; but amidst his less pretend- or two to hold it up? I may safely say, that all the addressed. Wit, flattery, and finery clothes, he used to say, were enough to debauch a nunnery. He did ing compositions he has verses that abundantly satisfy ostentation of our grandees is, just like a train, of no both the taste and heart, and his prose is exquisite. commodious. What is all this but a spice of Gran

use in the world, but horribly cumbersome and in. not long continue an universal gallant; but in the earlier years of his reign, entirely gave up his endea

It is the genuine expression of a sincere, thoughtful, dio ? How tedious would this be, if we were always vours to deceive the sex, in order to become the kindly, and innocent nature. Pope has well touched bound to it! I do believe there is no king who would honest protector of their innocence, the guardian of their reputation, and a friend to their virtue. This writings, and what has survived him :upon the difference between what was mortal in his not rather be deposed, than endure every day of his

reign all the ceremonies of his coronation. was a character he bore for many years, and support

The mightiest princes are glad to fly often from ed it with integrity, assiduity, and success; and he not

Forgot his Epic, nay, Pindaric art,

these majestick pleasures, (which is, methinks, no only took care, during his administration, to protect Yet still we love the language of his heart." small disparagement to them), as it were for refuge, the ladies from the insults of our sex, but to guard them from the slander of each other. He, in the The following is one of those " Essays in Prose

to the most contemptible divertisements and meanest

recreations of the vulgar, nay, even of children. One first place, prevented any animosities that might arise and Verse," which form the portion of his works that of the nost powerful and fortunate princes* of the from place and precedence, by being previously ac

Pope alludes to, and which have ever been the delight world, of late, could find out no delight so satisfactory quainted with the rank and quality of almost every of lovers of reading, especially those who are fond of them, and whistling to them. What did the empe

as the keeping of little singing birds, and hearing of family in the British dominion. He endeavoured to make scandal odious, by marking it as the result of taking a country walk with a book in their hand.

rors of the whole world? If ever any men had the envy and folly united. Whatever might have been The paraphrase of Horace at the end of it is not such free and full enjoyment of human greatness (nay, his other excellencies, there was one in which few

close and finished writing as the original Latin; but that would not suffice, for they would be gods too). exceeded him-his extensive humanity. None felt

the feeling in it is more true to the subject; and there they certainly possessed it; and yet one of them who pity more strongly, and none made greater efforts to relieve distress. 'If we were,' says his biographer, is a more thorough air of goodness in Cowley than in

styled himself lord and god of the earth,t could not 'to name any reigning and fashionable virtue in the Horace. Both were courtiers ; but Horace was a

tell how to pass his whole day pleasantly, without

spending constantly two or three hours in catching present age, it should be charity. We know not courtier in the worldly sense. Cowley's heart always flies, and killing them with a bodkin, as if his godship whether it may not be spreading the influence of retained its boyhood.

had been Beelzebub.. One of his predecessors, Nero, Nash too widely to say, that he was one of the prin

“Since we cannot attain to greatness," (says the

who never put any bounds, nor met with any stop to cipal causes of introducing this noble emulation among the rich; but certain it is, no private man ever Sieur de Montaigne), “let us have our revenge by

his appetite, could divert himself with no pastime relieved the distresses of so many as he.' railing at it.” This he spoke but in jest. I believe

more agreeable, than to run about the streets all he desired it no more than I do, and had less reason :

night in a disguise, and abuse the women, and affront for he enjoyed so plentiful and honourable a fortune

the men whom he met, and sometimes to beat them, As Nash grew old, he grew insolent, and seemed in a most excellent country, as allowed him all the

and sometimes to be beaten by them ; this was one not aware of the pain his attempts to be a wit gave real conveniences of it, separated and purged from the

of his imperial nocturnal pleasures. His chiefest in others. He grew peevish and fretful; and they who incommodities. If I were but in his condition, I the day was to sing, and play upon a fiddle, in the only saw the remnant of a man, severely returned should think it hard measure, without being convinced

habit of a minstrel, upon á public stage: he was that laughter upon him, which he had once lavished of any crime, to be sequestered from it and made one

prouder of the garlands that were given to his divine upon others. Poor Nash was no longer the gay, of the principal officers of the state. But the reader voice (as they called it then) in those kind of prizes thoughtless, idly industrious person he once was ; he may think that what I now say is of but small autho

than all his forefathers were of their triumphs ove, now forgot how to supply new modes of entertain. rity, because I never was, nor ever shall be, put to the

nations; he did not at his death complain that so ment, and became too rigid to wind with care through trial : I can therefore only make my protestation.

mighty an emperor, and the last of all the Cæsarean the vicissitudes of fashion. The evening of his life

If ever I more riches did desire

race of deities, should be brought to so shameful and began to grow cloudy. His fortune was gone, and

Than cleanliness and quiet do require;

miserable an end; but only cried out, “Alas! what nothing but poverty lay in prospect. He now began

If e'er ambition did my fancy cheat,

pity it is. that so excellent a musician should perish to want that charity which he had never refused to

With any wish so mean as to be great ;

in this manner.& His uncle Claudius spent half his any; and to find that a life of dissipation and gaity

Continue, Heaven, still from me to remove

time at playing at dice; and that was the main fruit is ever terminated by misery and regret. He was now

The humble blessings of that life I love. past the power of giving or receiving pleasure, for he

* Louis XIII. The Duke de Laynes, the constable of was poor, old, and 'peevish; yet still he was inca- I know very many men will dispise, and some pity

France, is said to have gained the favour of this powerful pable of turning from his former manner of life to me, for this humour, as a poor spirited fellow; but

and fortunate prince, by training up singing bırds for him. vroue happiness. An old man thus striving after I am content, and, like Horace, thank God for


Beelzebub signifies the Lord of Flies.-Cowley. ire, is indeed an object of pity; but a man at being so.

♡ 'Quatis artisex pereo !' -Suetonius, in his Life of Nero.


of his sovereignty. I omit the madnesses of Caligu. The first ambitious men in the world, the old giants, Let Mars and Saturn in the heavens conjoin, las delights, and the execrable sordidness of those of are said to have made an heroical attempt of scaling And what they please against the world design, Tiberius. Would one think that Augustus himself, heaven in spite of the gods; and they cast Ossa upon So Jupiter within him shine.

the highest and most fortunate of mankind, a person Olympus, and Pelion upon Ossa : two or three If of your pleasures and desires no end be found,'' endowed too with many excellent parts of nature, mountains more, they thought, would have done God to your cares and fears will set no bound. should be so hard put to it sometimes for want of their business; but the thunder spoilt all their work What would content you? who can tell ? recreation, as to be found playing at nuts and bound- when they were come up to the third story:

Ye fear so much to lose what ye have got, ing stones, with little Syrian and Moorish boys, whose

And what a noble plot was crost!

As if ye liked it well : company he took delight in, for their prating?

And what a brave design was lost !

Ye strive for more, as if ye liked it not.
Was it for this that Rome's best blood be spilt,

Go level hills, and fill up seas,
A famous person of their offspring, the late giant
With so much falsehood, so much guilt ?

Spare nought that may your wanton fancy please :: of our nation,* when, from the condition of a very Was it for this that his ambition strove

But, trust me, when you have done all this, inconsiderable captain, he had made himself lieute. To equal Cæsar first; and after, Jove ?

Much will be missing still, and much will be amiss. nant-general of an army of little Titans, which was Greatness is barren, sure, of solid joys;

his first mountain, and afterwards general, which Her merchandize (I fear) is all in toys;

was his second, and after that, absolute tyrant of three She would not else, sure, so uncivil be,

kingdoms, which was the third, and almost touched To treat his universal majesty,

THREE GERMAN LEGENDS. the little heaven which he affected, is believed to have His new-created Deity died with grief and discontent, because he could not

1.-HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY. With nuts, and bounding-stones, and boys. attain to the honest name of king and the old forma

(We have drawn largely this time on the “Lays and But we must excuse her for this meagre entertain- lity of a crown, though he had before exceeded the ment; she has not really wherewithal to make such power by a wicked usurpation. If he could have Legends of various Nations ;" but the new number, feasts as we imagine. Her guests must be contented compassed that, he would, perhaps, have wanted being another on Germany," the most legendary of sometimes with but slender cakes, and with the same

something else that is necessary to felicity, and pined all nations, naturally tempts us; and our temptation cold meats served over and over again, even till they away for want of the title of an emperor or a. god. is made virtuous by the excellent morals of what we become nauseous. When you have pared away all

The reason of this is, that greatness has no reality in the vanity what solid and natural contentment does nature, being a creature of the fancy, a notion that quote.] there remain, which may not be had with five hun. exists only in relation and comparison : it is indeed On a sultry Summer evening, Henry, Bishop of dred pounds a year? Not so many servants or horses ;

an idol ; but St. Paul teaches us "that an idol is Halberstadt, and a foreign Bishop, who had been his but a few good ones, which will do all the business nothing in the world.” There is, in truth, no rising guest for a month, were seated on the lawn before the as well; not so 'many choice dishes at every meal ;

or meridian of the sun, but only in respect to several castle of Gruningen. On a table before them stood. but at several meals all of them, which makes them places : there is no right or left, no upper hand in in two massive cups, their night drink. From ten both the more healthy, and the more pleasant; not nature; everything is little, and everything is great, o'clock in the morning, when they had seated themso rich garments, nor so frequent changes; but as

according as it is diversely compared. There may selves to their mid-day meat, their conversation had warm and as comely, and so frequent change too, as

be, perhaps, some village in Scotland or Ireland where turned upon a mighty wine tun which had been conis every jot as good for the master, though not for I might be a great man; and in that case I should be like structed for a Bishop on the banks of the Rhine, and the tailor or valet-de-chambre; not such a stately Cæsar, (you would wonder how Cæsar and I should upon the propriety of every noble ecclesiastic having palace, nor gilt rooms, or the costliest tapestry; but

be like one another in any thing,) and choose rather a similar one, for the purpose of giving suitable a convenient brick-house, with decent wainscoat, to be the first man of the village, than second of splendour to his residence. The question at length and pretty forest-work hangings. » Lastly, (for 1 omit Rome. Our country is called Great Britany, in re- became so thoroughly exhausted, that the conversaall other particulars, and will end with that which I gard only of a lesser of the same name; it would be tion began to flag, and was carried on for the most love most in both conditions), not whole woods cut

but a ridiculous epithet for it when we consider it part slowly and in monosyllables, being from time to in walks, nor vast parks, nor fountains or cascade- with the kingdom of China. That, too, is but a time interrupted by the yawnings of both parties. gardens; but herb, and flower and fruit gardens, pitiful rood of gronnd, in comparison of the whole

Fortunately, at this moment Conrad, the shepherd, which are more useful, and the water every whit as earth besides, and this whole globe of earth, which

brought into the court-yard of the castle his wellclear and wholesome, as if darted from the breasts we account so immense a body, is but one point or

tended flock, which Bishop Henry himself always of a marble nymph, or the urn of-a river god. atom in relation to those numberless worlds that are

counted over every evening. “God greet thee, my If, for all this, you like better the substance of that scattered up and down in the infinite space of the lord Bishop.'. 'Good evening to you, Conrad; where former estate of life, do but consider the inseparable sky which we behold.

is the ram ?' Conrad whistled, and a large handaccidents of both; servitude, disquiet, danger, and The other many inconveniences of grandeur I have

some ram came bounding forth to the shepherd, and most commonly guilt, inherent in the one; in the spoken of dispersedly in several chapters; and shall

then to the Bishop, who stroked him, and fed him other, liberty, tranquillity, security and innocence. end this with an ode of Horace, not exactly copied,

with crumbs of bread, which he had laid by on the And when you have thought upon this, you will con- but rudely imitated :

table for the purpose. The Bishop then conversed fess that to be a truth which appeared to you before

for a minute or two with the shepherd, and asked but a ridiculous paradox, that a low fortune is better


him, jocosely, 'when his wedding was to take place ?" guarded and attended than an high one. If, indeed,

" Odi profanum vulgus," &c.

Conrad was a little confused by the question, and we look only upon the flourishing head of the tree, it

Hence, ye profane ; I hate you all ;

withdrew, followed by his flock. appears a most beautiful object.

Both the great vulgar and the small.

When he was gone, the Bishop began expatiating Sed quantum vertice ad auras To virgin minds which yet their native whiteness hold, upon the beauty of the ram, which nothing could in Æthereas, tantum radice in Tartara tendit. *

Not yet discolour'd with the love of gold,

duce him to part with, and then upon his good shep

herd Conrad, who was honesty itself. The foreign As far up towards heaven the branches grow,

(That jaundice of the soul,
Which makes it look so gilded and so foul),

Bishop laughed at this declaration ; for much travelSo far the root sinks down to hell below.

ling, and frequent residence at various princely courts,

To you, ye very few, these truths I tell ;
Another horrible disgrace to greatness is, that it is the muse inspires my song,-hark, and observe it well.

had filled him with distrust in his fellow-creatures. He for the most part in pitiful want and distress; what We look on men, and wonder at such odds

maintained that it was impossible to find a really a wonderful thing this is ! Unless it degenerate into Twixt things that were the same by birth;

honest servant, at least in the retinue of an ecclesiasvice, and so cease to be greatness, it falls perpetually We look on kings as giants of the earth,

tic; for they would all deceive their masters, and into such necessities, as drive it into all the meanest

were all knaves more or less.

These giants are but pigmies to the gods. and most sordid ways ot borrowing, cozenage, and The humblest bush and proudest oak

Bishop Henry contradicted this with great earnestrobbery :

Are but of equal proof against the thunder stroke.

ness, praised the worthy disposition of the people · Mancipiis locuples, eget æris-Cappadocum rex,t Beauty, and strength, and wit, and wealth, and

over whom he wielded his crozier, but above all,

Conrad the shepherd, who had never told him an This is the case of almost all great men, as well as

power, of the poor King of Cappadocia; "they abound with

Have their short flourishing hour:

untruth, nor deceived him in the most trifling affair.

•What, has Conrad never yet told you a lie,-never slaves, but are indigent of money." The ancient

And love to see themselves, and smile,

deceived you,-never betrayed his master ?' said the Roman Emperors, who had the riches of the whole

And joy in their pre-eminence a while; world (for their revenue, had wherewithal to live (one

Even so in the same land,

foreign Bishop sarcasticly. "No,' answered Henry would have thought) pretty well at ease, and to Poor weeds, rich corn, gay flowers, togetherstand; warmly, in defence of his retainer, 'Conrad never have been exempt from the pressures of extreme

Alas! death mows down all with an impartial "No!' repeated the foreign Bishop: ‘what wager

has been, nor ever will be, guilty of such conduct.' poverty. But yet with most of them it was much


would you venture upon that ?' otherwise ; and they fell perpetually into such And all ye men, whom greatness does so please,

After sundry proposals, the Bishops at length miserable penury, that they were forced to devou

Ye feast, I fear, like Damocles :

agreed to support their opinions by a wager of a and squeeze most of their friends and servants, to

If ye your eyes could upwards move

wine-tun, which should hold one hundred and fifty cheat with imfamous projects, to ransack and pillage (But ye I fear think nothing is above),

butts of wine. And, within three days, Conrad was, all their provinces. This fashion of imperial gran

Ye would perceive by what a little thread deur is imitated by all inferior and subordinate sorts

The sword still hangs over your head:

without being made aware of it, to be put to the test. of it, as if it were a point of honour. They must be

No tide of wine would drown your cares ;

This done, they took leaveof one another for the night,

well pleased to have found a fresh source of amusecheated of a third part of their estates, two other

No mirth or music over noise your fears :

ment for the next few days, and each feeling certain thirds they must expend in vanity; so that they re

The fear of death would you so watchful keep,

of victory. mair, debtors for all the necessary provisions of life, As not t'admit the image of it, sleep.

The foreign Bishop, however, before retiring to and have no way to satisfy those debts, but out of the Sleep is a god too proud to wait in palaces,

rest, entered, as was his wont, into conversation and succours and supplies of rapine. As riches increase,

And yet so humble too, as not to scorn

council with his servant Peter. This Peter, who was (says Solomon), so do the mouths that devour them!

The meanest country cottages :

nominally only the servant and professed jester of The master mouth has no more than before. The

His poppy grows among the corn.

the Bishop, was in fact much more his secret adviser owner, methinks, is like Ocnus in the fable, who is The halcyon sleep will never build his nest

than many of those who flaunted it in titles and perpetually winding a rope of hay, with an ass at the In any stormy breast.

hands; and to him the Bishop looked for advise and end perpetually eating it.

"Tis not enough that he does find

assistance in all his difficulties, spiritual and tempoOut of these inconveniences arise naturally one

Clouds and darkness in the mind;

ral. Peter was accustomed to hear, to see, and ocmore, which is, that no greatness can be satisfied or

Darkness but half his work will do:

casionally to think for his master, without any body contented with itself; still, if it could mount up a

'Tis not enough; he must find quiet too.

suspecting it; and this he had already done upon the little higher, it would be happy; if it could gain but

The man, who, in all wishes he does make, that point, it would obtain all its desires ; but yet at

Does only nature's counsel take,

very subject in question.

This evening he was, however, not in a very comlast, when it has got up to the very top of the Pic of

That wise and happy man will never fear

municative humour ; but the Knave, whom his master

The evil aspects of the year; Teneriff, it is in very great danger of breaking its

had made acquainted with everything, .was vexed at neck downwards, but in no possibility of ascending

Nor tremble, though two comets should appear:

heaeart, and it was only his master's promise of a new upwards into the seat of tranquillity above the moon.

He does not look in almanacs to see

scarlet cap in case of winning the wager, which at allinWhether he fortunate shall be ;

duced him to open his lips. After many biting remarks * Virgil. Georg. II. 291. † Horace. 1. Epis. VI. 39.

* Cron.well,

upon the cost of a wine tun which would hold a hun

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dred and dirty butts of wine, and come to more than ram as having been stolen, was interrupted by a time, and on looking round she saw a man without a half the yearly income of the bishoprick, he at length powerful blow with which the beast returned his head, dressed in a long grey cloak and riding upon a undertook to discover by what means this Conrad- master's bow. 'You would not suffer yourself to be grey horse; he was booted and spurred, and had a this paragon partern, and phenix of honesty, as lord taken very easily, so that won't do.'

bugle horn hanging at his back. As, however, he and senant jestingly called him, was to be tempted. He continued for a full half hour conversing with rode past her very quietly, she regained her courage,

No sooner did the sun arise, than Peter set to himself in this manner, ending every excuse with a went on gathering the acorns, and when evening came,
work to bring about the object decided upon on the shake of the head, and a Conrad ! that won't do! returned home undisturbed.
previous evening; and before noon he was enabled to ‘And yet,' added he, “I must part with the poor Nine days afterwards, the woman returned to that
tell his master that Conrad had a sweetheart, the brute before noon, for I have promised to do so, and spot for the purpose of again collecting the acorns, and
pretty Lisette, but who would hear nothing of his if Lisette does not give him to the person to whom as she sate down by the Fosterberg, peeling an apple,
passion till he had a house of his own to take her to, she has sold him, she will be a cheat, and can never she heard behind her a voice, calling out to her, 'Have
so poor were they both. The industrious Peter had be my wife !"

you taken a whole sack of acorns, and nobody tried to himself already spoken to Lisette, and found her both At last he jumped for joy into the air, crying out, punish you for doing so? No,' said she, “the foresters ready and willing to assist in the scheme which he “Honesty is the best policy! That will do—that are very kind to the poor, and they have done nothing had devised. And all that he now had to ask from will do! He drew on his cloak, clapped his cap to me; the Lord have mercy on my sins!' And with his master was a small sum of money to ensure the upon his head, and drove forward his herd. And these words she turned about, and there stood he of winning of this huge wine-tun. The bishop gave him yet, before noon, he handed over his favourite with the grey cloak, but this time he was without his horse, what he desired, and seated himself in good heart at a deep sigh to Lisette, who exchanged him for the and carried his head, which was covered with curling the table.

purchase money of the cottage, without troubling brown hair, under his arm. The woman shrunk from Peter then returned to the pretty Lisette, shewed her brains much upon the subject.

him in alarm, but the Spirit said, 'You do well to her the money which he had got, and they discoursed The evening was appointed for the trial of Con- pray to God to forgive you your sins, it was never together about a cottage which a poor widow in the rad's honesty—a trial of which he had not the my good lot to do so.' And thereupon he related to neighhourhood had long wanted to dispose of; and slightest suspicion. The bishops were, as usual, her how he had lived about one hundred and thirty Peter ended by promising to give Lisette the pur- seated at their night drink, expecting the arrival in years before, and was called Hans Jaquenteufel, as his chase-money for it, as soon as she had brought what the palace court-yard of the shepherd, who was to father had been before him; and how that his father he wished for.

decide their wager. They spoke but little, for each had often besought him not to be hard upon poor On the following morning Lisette set to work in a was anxious to leave to his friend the honour and people, and that he had paid no regard to the advice spot past which Conrad must necessarily drive his expense of constructing the huge wine-tun.

that his father had given to him, but had passed his flock. No sooner did Conrad see her in the distance, Peter, the secret councillor, was in high spirits; and time in drinking and carousing, and all manner of than he flew to her, accompanied by his favourite laughing to himself, rejoiced beforehand at the vic- wickedness. For which he was now condemned to ram, and repeated to her all that he had previously tory and success of his well laid plan. For he had wander about the world as an evil spirit. told her, over and over again, to gain her consent to the pet sheep in his possession, and felt sure that their marriage. But to all this Lisette answered him Conrad would never venture to speak the plain

III.-THE GREEN ROBE. very coolly—that she had heard it a thousand times truth, whereby he would be certain to draw down There were once three brothers, of whom the eldest before, and if he had nothing more to say to her about upon himself the anger and high displeaaure of his ones always despised the youngest; and when they a house of his own to take her to, that he knew very all powerful master, and get dismissed from his ser. went out in the world to seek their fortunes, well what her determination was. vice.

they drove him out of their company, saying, Conrad was about to take his leave with a troubled Thus thought Peter, the secret adviser. In the “We have no need of you. --- you must travel by heart, when a half friendly glance from Lisette made meanwhile, Conrad drove his herd into the palace yourself.” So they left him, and he was forced to him turn round and ask her, why she always behaved court, right before the bishops. Peter smiled, for he wander alone. And he came to a very high mountain, so coolly towards him, and what he should do to read, or he fancied he read, fear and anxiety in the on the top of which was a circle of trees, and he was please her? Well, for the novelty of the thing, let countenance of the shepherd.

almost starved; he sat down under these trees, and us see whether you will do anything that I ask you,' This evening, however, no favourite ram gambled began to weep. Scarcely had he seated himself before said Lisette (the bishop's favourite ram had thrust before Bishop Henry, to eat the bread from his hand. he heard a loud noise, and immediately the Evil One himself between her and Conrad, and was eating 'Where is the ram ? enquired the bishop, with a came to him, dressed in a green robe, and with a bread out of her hand;) “will you, then, give me significant glance. Conrad answered with a firm cloven hoof, and asked him what he was crying for. this ram, that I may sell it ?'

voice, I have sold it !-there, the truth is out Then he told him all his misfortunes, and how his Conrad's heart fell when he heard this request. honesty is the best policy. That is my favourite brothers had abandoned him. When the Evil One Sorrowfully he replied, “Everything in the world be- saying, as you know, my lord bishop; and, by God's heard this, he said, “Well, I can assist you ; put on sides, but not that. If the bishop were not to feed

grace, my favourite saying it shall continue to be!" this green robe, it has pockets, which will always keep my ram every evening, I should be sure to meet with

Peter's visage lengthened considerably, but bishop full of gold, let you use it as fast as ever you may; some disaster. Take the ten best sheep of the flock, Henry called out, 'Wny have you sold it without but upon this condition, that for seven years, you take the whole fifty of them that belong to me, but speaking to me? I would rather have paid ten times neither wash yourself, comb yourself, nor say your leave me the ram.' the sum it fetched. Don't you know that ?'

prayers. If you die during these seven years, you Well,' said Lisette ; 'what a pattern of a man ‘Lord Bishop,' said Conrad, 'pray hear me. will be mine; if not, you will be free from your baryou are! But begone with your fifty sheep! Well ! Lisette has betrayed me, as Eve before her betrayed gain, and be a rich man all the days of your life.” you are a pretty bridgroom, indeed, to refuse me Adam ; and a knave has betrayed Lisette, as the His necessities obliged him to agree to these terms; such a trifle! You would certainly be a very good- Evil One of old did Eve. If he will give me my so he put on the green robe, and when he put his natured husband when the honeymoon was over! ram again, I will not say who he is. (Peter turned hands in his pockets, he found them quite full of Go, go to the bishop, let him feed your pet ram; and away full of rage, for gone was his money, gone his gold. you may kiss his great toe into the bargain !"

promised cap of scarlet, and all hopes of a drinking Now he went forth into the world with his wonderThus did they contend for awhile together. Con- bout, which he had calculated upon at the end of the ful robe ; and for the first year it was well enough, rad wept for very sorrow. Lisette, at least, acquainted business). Lisette had sold the beast without first for he could purchase whatever he wanted, and passed him that she had sold the ram for the little cottage speaking to me about it, otherwise it would not have off tolerably well among his fellow-creatures, but the which they had both so often wished for, and that happened. But as she had done so, I felt bound to second year did not go off quite so pleasantly; his she must give it up that day, let it cost what it might, give him up, how much soever I might be grieved at hair had grown so long that nobody knew him, and for she had passed her word to that effect, and would doing so, otherwise she would have told a lie, and he had grown so frightful that he could scarcely find not be convicted of a falsehood, be the consequences would not have been what she is now to be my any person who would let him into their houses. what they might; she then dropped a few tears, to wife. That is the real truth, lord bishop; so now do Every year matters grew worse; but he gave great think that anything should have marred the unex- with me as you please. What is done, is done, but alms to the poor, that they might pray for him, that pected joy she felt, at being able to purchase a snug do not punish Lisette; a weak head is soon betrayed he might not die, and fall into the power of the dwelling, in which both themselves and their children by a serpent.'

Tempter during the seven years. It was during the might live so happy together; and then again en- Bishop Henry would have scolded him, but the

fourth year that he came to an inn, the landlord of quired wbether sheep did not die every day; whether

strange bishop said, with a troubled side glance to which would not take him intill he saw what large they were never lost or stolen ; and whether the wolf Peter, who was making off from the scene, 'I have sums of gold he took from his pockets,-then he was never ate any of the numbered flocks? lost my wager : that was the proof.'

glad enough of his company. During the night, Love at length gained the victory. Conrad clapped And bishop Henry chided not. The pleasure of Green Robe heard some one moaning bitterly in the his hands, and promised that before noon the ram winning the wager consoled him; but the honesty of next room; and when he went to hear what was the should be her's; whereupon, Lisette gave Conrad her Conrad delighted him more than gaining the wine- matter, he found an old man, who bade him go his hand and promise, that in a month's time she would tun, and he acknowledged the power of love.

ways, for he could not assist him. So he asked the become his wife; and added a kiss to the bargain, as *Verily,' cried the two bishops, 'Honesty is the old man what he wanted. He said he had no money, a sort of earnest money.

best policy.' And Bishop Henry said, 'As a re- and that because he was in the landlord's debt, he Lisette made the best of her way back to the village, ward for thine honesty, I will be at the charge of thy detained him until he paid it. “Then,' said Green and Conrad watched her as long as he could see her. wedding, and the half of the flock shall be thine." Robe to him, 'I have money enough–I'll soon pay The joy of his betrothing was, however, sorely trou- 'And,' continued the other bishop, thou art wel. it;' and he did so, and delivered the old man. bled at the thoughts of the enquiries of his powerful, come to thy ram again, and thou shalt still keep the Now it happened that this old man had three but at the same time, kind hearted master, in whose

cottage, as a christening present to thy first child ! beautiful daughters; so he asked him to go home service he had hitherto conducted himself with such

And the bishop who lost the wager caused the and marry one of them, in return for his kindness. propriety, and who was so very fond of this favourtie large wine-tun to be built, which formerly brought He went; but when they arrived there, and the eldest beast.

so many travellers to Groningen, and which is now saw him, she declared that she would never marry And he stood alone in the field where Lisette bad on the Spigelsberg, near Halberstadt.

so frightful an object; and the second flew from her been occupied, with his eyes fixed on the earth. At

home, rather than do so; while the youngest said, last he thrust his crook into the ground, hung

Dear father, since you have promised as much, and his cloak over it, placed his bonnet on the top of it, It is commonly believed that if any person is guilty this man helped you in the time of need, I will do and then began a series of soliloquies, or dialogues, of a crime for which he deserves to lose his head, he what you desire of me.' Then Green Robe took a whichsoever they may be called, in which he was will, if he escape punishment during his life time, be ring from his finger, broke it in half, gave her the one occasionally assisted by the action of the ram. condemned after his death to wander about with his half

, and retained the other for himself; and in her 'God greet you, my lord Bishop !'~Good even head under his arm.

half he wrote his name, and in his half her's, and to you, Conrad; but where's the ram? “Ram,

In the year 1644, a woman of Dresden went out said they must take good care of them. After stay. lord Bishop! why the ram is lost. I mean it has early one Sunday morning into a neighbouring wood ing with her a little

, he departed saying, “Now I must really strayed away.-(The beast, just as he was for the purpose of collecting acorns.

In an open leave you for three years.

Be faithful unto me for speaking, thrust himself between his master's feet, as

space, at a spot not very far from the place which is this period, and I will then return and marry you; if to eye the strange image before which he kept called Lost Water, she heard somebody blow a very but if I come not back again in three years, you are bowing so respectfully). Conrad, Conrad ! with strong blast upon a hunting horn, and immediately free, for I shall be dead; but in the meantime, pray a shake of the head, he is accustomed to be fed so

afterwards a heavy fall, as though a large tree had for me that my life may be preserved.' regularly, 1 am sure he would not stray away--that fallen to the ground. The woman was greatly alarmed, During these three years, the two elder sisters won't do !

and concealed her little bag of acorns among the mocked and laughed at the youngest, saying that she 1 second dialogue, in which Conrad described the grass ; shortly afterwards the horn blew a second

was going to have a bear for her husband, instead of




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