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Linnæus. But for thirty years after the first appear, the drama of Goetz von Berlichingen; the late cele- instance of his non-inarriage, he shewed how willing
brated prose-translation of the drama of Faust (Dr. he was to depart from it where the hazard was not
ment however, and said to be badly translated from position which he occupied, is not popular at present will ever be looked upon as more than the extravagancies of a great genius wandering out of his own the French) Mr. Taylor's Historic Survey of German in Germany. The partisans of advance there do not sphere, time will shew, For the present this is the Poetry (containing a great deal of information, trans- like him, perhaps from a secret feeling that they view taken of the great poet's scientific writings, lations, &c.) Mrs. Austin's Characteristics of Goethe, are more theoretical than active themselves, and both by Italians and Frenchmen.. But whatever translated from various accounts of him by his friends that in this respect he has represented his native dreams be may bave mixed up with his investigations, Goethe was no mere dreamer : to the last hour of (a work of which we should say more,—for it seems country too well. For honest Germany, perhaps his life, he made it his business to inform himself of very curious and interesting,—but we have only just because she is more material than she supposes, and the progress of the sciences in foreign countries. All
seen it for the first time, while correcting this article has unwittingly acquired a number of charities and new books were brought to him, even to the end of for the press ; and lastly, and Mr. Carlyle's own trans- domesticities from a certain sensual bonhommie
, which his life; he composed elaborate poems at the age of seventy; and when beyond sixty years of age, entered tion of a Sequel to Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, has given her more to say for herself in that matter, with zeal into the study of Oriental poetry, to apply called his Travels ; which is to be found in Specimens than she or her transcendentalists would like, is unthe spirit of which, to Western notion and feeling of German Romance, in four volumes, with biog questionably far more contemplative than active in he composed his West-Eastern Divau.' In this the infinite variety of his pursuits and studies lay that phical and critical notices,—a collection that deserves her politics, and willing enough to let other nations all-sidedness. (if we may be pardoned for adopting to be better known, and that will be so in proportion play the game of advancement, as long as she can eat, such a word from the German), for which he was so as people learn to relish a thinking style of writing, and drink, and dream, without any very violent interremarkable. From the same quality proceeded that wish to know how the Germans really express them- ruption to her self-complacency,
Pleasant and unusual toleration of novelties which he could reconcile to the love of what is established, He selves.
harmless may she live, with beau ideals (and very would not permit a clever farce to be acted on the From these works, particularly the Faust and the respectable ones they are,) in the novels of Augustus stage, when he was manager, written in derision of Wilhelm Meister, we have, for our own parts, acquired La Fontaine; and may no worse fate befal the rest of Gall's eranioscopy. Instead of joining in the ridicule against animal magnetism, he would fairly investigate the very highest as a philosopher. He appears to
the very highest ideas of Goethe as a poet, and all but the world, if it is to get no further. Much of it, we its pretensions. When a book on the clouds was
grant, has not got got half so far. Her great poet, published by Howard, in England, Goethe instantly us to have a subtle and soverei imagination, to be who partook of the same bonhommiè to an extent wrote an account of it, inventing appropriate German a master in criticism, in manners, and almost always which he would have thought unbecoming his dig. words to designate the forms pointed out. In his hunger and thirst after knowlege, he was omnivorous.
in morals too,-humane, universal, reconciling, pro- nity, even as a partaker of good things, let the cat This was the ruling passion strong in death. Only vident, yet tolerant of the past, a noble casuist, a out of the bag in this matter a little too ingenuously; the evening before his decease he received some new genuine assertor of first principles, wise in his gene- and for this, and the court airs they thought he gave books from Paris, by which he was greatly excited. ration, and yet possessing the wisdom of the children himself, his countrymen will not forgive him. It is It is said that a volume by Salvandy was grasped in
of light, superior to all sordid conventionalities, easy for his wholesale admirers, especially for the great his hand when he died; and his last words were singularly appropriate to his temper, and might be re
superior to all other things erroneously conventional, understandings among them, (Mr. Carlyle, for inceived by his admirers as almost prophetic. He but one,--and there we have a quarrelwith him; though stance,) to draw upon all the possibilities of an abordered the window shutters to be opened, exclaim. with many it will be his greatest recommendation. stract philosophy, and give a superfine unworldly ing, ‘More light ! More light!'
Certainly, no man daring to think and speculate as reason for whatever he did; but we must take even
he has done, would have been shewn so much indul. great poets as we find thein, Shakspeare himself did SPECIMENS OP CELEBRATED AUTHORS. gence, opposed as he was at first, if worldly power nut escape the infection of a sort of livery servitude
had not taken him under its wing, and had he not among the great, (for actors were but a little above
shewn too conventional a taste for remaining there, that condition in his time.) With all his humanity, Passages from his "Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship."
and falling in with one of its most favoured opinions. he finds it difficult to repress a certain tendency to
He maintained that the great point for society to browbeat the people from behind the chairs of his In attempting to give the English reader as universal a taste as possible of fine writers, we are of necessity strain at, was not to advance (in the popular sense inferiors ; and though Goethe, living in a more equal compelled now and then to make use of translations; of that word) but to be content with their existing age, seldom indulges in this scornful mood, (for it but we only do it when the translations themselves condition, and to labour contentedly every man in his seems he is not free from it,) yet it is impossible to are fine; and even then there are no persons who vocation. We are not going to discuss this question help giving a little scorn for scorn, or at least smile would be more anxious than those who are capable politically, still less in a party manner; nor even to for smile, when we see the poetical minister of state, of making such versions, to bespeak the candour of discuss it at all. It is a political question certainly, with his inexperience of half the ills of life, his birth, criticism, and see that the judgment respecting the inasmuch as it is a moral question ; but far above his money, his strength, beauty, and prosperity, and original be qualified accordingly. We make this any of the questions commonly understood as politi. a star on each breast of his coat, informing us, with remark however, in the present instance, purely in cal, and 10 be solved easily, we think, with men not
a sort of patriarchal dandyism, or as Bonaparte used deference to what we consider might be the feelings in prejudiced circumstances, by reference to the
to harangue from his throne, that he is contented of Mr. Carlyle, the translator of the work before us, simple fact of the existence of hope and endeavour in
with the condition of his subjects and his own,the nature of men. If society is determined never to who with the modesty natural to a mind of extraor.
France et moi-and that we have nothing to do but dinary perceptions, expresses his solicitude to that be satisfied, still it will hope to be so; the hope to be good people and cobblers, and content ourselves effect in the preface. For ourselves, though we do not itself may for aught we can affirm to the contrary, with a thousandth part of what it would distress him read German, we see in this version so much strength, be a mere part of the work of the necessary impulse to miss. delicacy, and diversity of masterly feeling, of all sorts, of action ; but there it is now working harder than So much for the courtier which it was his lot to that we take for granted the agreement of its excel.
ever—and a thousand Goethes could not destroy, be, and for the circumstances which more or less in Jence with its reputation ; and indeed we believe that though they might daunt it. They must destroy iluence every body. What was infirm, however, in. the person most concerned in its being good, was one
hope itself first, and life, and death too, which is Goethe, was infirm in others; what was strong in of those who were most pleased with it; for it is continually renewing the ranks of the hopeful and him, was most rare, and will reduce the influence of well known that Mr. Carlyle was in correspondence the young, and above all, the press, which will never
the infirmity to next or nothing with posterity, with with his illustrious original, and that he was held by stop till it has shaken the world more even.
whom he will be immortal as a great poet and a kind him in singular regard and respect.
It was easy for a man in Goethe's position to re- man, constantly refuting his own theories, and helpWe have chosen the present week for giving a commend people to be content with their own. But ing the world forward by the inevitable inspiriting of specimen of Goethe, in order that it might accompany to be content with some positions, is to be superior genius. He and his disciples, after all, talk of adthe memoir of him, taken from the Gallery of Por. to them; and yet Goethe after all, in his own person, vancement of some sort, of meliorating this or that traits. The reader will there see what is thought of was neither superior to, nor content with convention- point of life, of doing away this or that evil. this extraordinary writer in Germany. He will here alities as he found them made for him. He dia not Where will they stop? Where they desire to stop ? have a taste of the man himself. Should he wish to marry the lady he lived with, till circumstances, as Yes; but where is the limit expressed, or how are complete the acquaintance, as far as versions can pro- he thought, compelled him, and late in life. And they to dictate it, so long as the same uneasiness cure it, he must read that of the domestic epic of instead of being superior to his condition, as he re- which impels them to the change, exists in other Hermann and Dorothea, by Mr. Holcroft, (though not commended the poor and struggling to be, his very men, and from greater necessities? worthy of the translator's natural powers) ; the well- acquiescence in other conventionalities shewed how We have not left ourselves time to point out the known circulating-library work, the Sorrows of Wer- , little he was so. If the great universalist proved his beauties of the following passages. They must speak ter (a young production, which Goethe is afterwards superiority by condescension, it was at any rate by for themselves. All Goethe's writings, as far as we said to have laughed at); Walter Scott's version of contracting his wings and his views into the courtcircle, can gather, abound with such, -runover, in super
and feathering an agreeable nest which he never gave abundant measure, with the happy author of genial
up. Unluckily for the reputation of his impartiality all thought and feeling. And the expression, as was + It was Goetbe, If we remember rightly, who with a truly his worldly advantages were on the side of his theory. natural, is equal to what it contains. If the style of German affectionateness and domestic sympathy, sent to Mr. Carlyle for a portrait of his house and its localities, that he
It is, therefore, impossible to shew that it was any might get as well acquainted with him at a distance as be pos. thing else but a convenient acquiescence. He ha. Carlyle says it is, it must indeed surpass all esta
the original is so much superior to the version as Mr. sibly could. And in the same feeling, the picture was engraved for ibe German version of the translator's Life of Schiller zarded nothing to prove it otherwise, though in the blished models of excellence. We can only say, that
• Three Vols. 8vo. Whittaker.
our reason, our imagination, our tears, have been municate, even to shavings of wood and paper clip- heard, while the ear and the soul were shut from all
pings, the aspect of animated nature. It is so strong beside; and men felt, as we do when delight comes quite content with what he has given us.
a spice, that tasteless, or even nauseous soups, are by over us, and we stop with rapture, if, among the it rendered palatable.
dingles we are crossing, the voice of the nightingale Lovers.-When desire and hope had first attracted
Two Merchants.-Wilhelm's father and Werner's starts, out touching and strong. They found a home Wilhelm to Mariana, he already felt as if inspired
were men of very different modes of thinking, but in every habitation of the world, and the lowliness of with new life; felt as if he were beginning to be whose opinions so far coincided that they both re- their condition but exalted them the more. The another man; he was now united to her; the con
garded commerce as the finest calling, and both were hero listened to their songs; and the conqueror of tentment of his wishes had become a delicious habipeculiarly attentive to every advantage which any the earth did reverence to a poet; for he felt that, tude. His heart strove to enoble the object of his
kind of speculation might produce to them. Old without poets, his own wild and vast existence would passion ; his spirit to exalt with it the young creature Meister, when his father died, had turned into money pass away like a whirlwind, and be forgotten for ever. whom he loved. In the shortest absence, thoughts of a valuable collection of pictures, drawings, copper- The lover wished that he could feel his longings and her arose within him. If she had once been neces.
plates, and antiquities; he had entirely rebuilt and his joys so variedly and so harmoniously as the poet's sary to him, she had now grown indispensible, now furnished his house in the newest style, and turned inspired lips had skill to shew them forth; and even that he was bound to her by all the ties of nature:
his other property to profit in all possible ways. A the rich man could not of himself discern such His pure soul felt that she was the half, more than considerable portion of it he had embarked in trade, costliness in his idol grandeurs, as when they were the half of himself. He was grateful, and devoted
under the direction of the elder Werner, a man noted presented to him shining in the splendour of the without limit.
as an active merchant, whose speculations were com- poet's spirit, sensible to all worth, and exalting all.' Mariana, too, succeeded in deceiving herself for a
monly favoured by fortune. But nothing was so Pecuniary Obligations. It is singular,' said the season ;* she shared with him the feeling of his much desired by Meister, as to confer upon his son baron, 'to see what a world of hesitation people liveliest blessedness. Alas! if the cold hand of self- those qualities of which himself was destitate, and feel about accepting money from their patrons and reproach had not often come across her heart, she
to leave his children advantages which he reckoned friends, though ready to receive any other gift with was not secure from it, even in Wilhelm's bosom, it of the highest importance to possess. Withal he joy and thankfulness. Human nature manifests even under the wings of his love. And when she was
felt a peculiar inclination for magnificence, for what- some other such peculiarities, by which many again left alone, again left to sink from the clouds,
ever catches the eye, and possesses at the same time scruples of a similar kind are produced and carefully to which passion had exalted her, into the conscious.
real worth and durability. In his house, he would cherished.' ness of her real condition, then she was indeed to be have all things solid and massive ; his stores must be Is it not the same with all points of honour?' said pitied. So long as she had lived among degrading copious and rich, all his plate must be 'heavy, the our friend. perplexities, disguising from herself her real situation, furniture of his table must be costly. On the other 'Ic is so,' replied the baron,' and with several or rather never thinking of it, frivolity had helped her hand, his guests were seldom invited; for every din- other prejudices. We must not root them out, through; the incidents she was exposed to bad come ner was a festival, which, both for its expense and lest, in doing so, we tear up noble plants along with upon her each by itself; satisfaction and vexation had inconvenience, could not often be repeated. The them. Yet I am always glad when I meet with men cancelled one another; humiliation had been com
economy of his soul went on at a settled uniform that feel superior to such objection, when the case pensated by vanity; want by frequent though momen- rate, and everything that moved or had a place in it "requires it ;* and I think with pleasure on the story tary superfluity; she could plead necessity and cus- was just what yielded no one any real enjoyment. of that ingenious poet, which I dare say you have tom as a law or an excuse; and hitherto all painful The elder Werner, in his dark and hampered house heard of. He had written several plays for the court emotions from hour to hour, and from day to day, led quite another sort of life. The business of the theatre, which were honoured by the warmest approhad by these means been shaken off. But now, for day in his narrow counting room, at his ancient desk, bation of the monarch.' 'I must give him a dissome instants, the poor girl had felt herself trans- once done, Werner liked to eat well, and if possible, tinguished recompence,' said the generous prince; ported to a better world; aloft as it were, in the to drink better. Nor could he fully enjoy good ask him whether he would choose to have some midst of light and joy, she had looked down upon the things in solitude; with his family, he must always jewel given him ; or if he would disdain to accept a abject desert of her life, had felt what a miserable see at his table his friends, and any stranger that had sum of money.' In his humourous way, the poet creature is the woman, who inspiring desire, does not the slightest connexion with his house. His chairs answered the enquiring courtier: 'I am thankful, also inspire reverence and love ; she regretted and were of unknown age and antic fashion, but he daily with all my heart, for these gracious intentions; and repented, but found herself outwardly or inwardly invited some to sit on them. The dainty victuals as the emperor is daily taking money from us, I no better for regret. She had nothing which she arrested the attention of his guests, and none re- see not wherefore I should feel ashamed of taking could accomplish or resolve upon. Looking into marked that they were served up in common ware. some from him.' herself and searching, all was waste and void within His cellar held no great stock of wine, but the Self-love exaggerates our faults as well as our vir. her soul; her heart had no place of strength or emptied niches were usually filled up with more of tues. (That is to say, partly that you may contradict refuge. But the more sorrowful her state was, the a superior sort.
them, partly that you may admire the candour, and more vehemently did her feelings cling to the man The Poet - what is it that keeps men in continual chiefly because the talk is of the person's self, and whom she loved; her passion for him even waxed discontent and agtation? It is, that they cannot vanity thinks its own vices as good as other people's stronger daily, as the danger of losing him came daily make realities correspond with their conceptions, virtues.)
that enjoyment steals away from among their hands, The one thing hapeless. Your blockhead is the only : Wilhelm, on the other hand, soared serenely happy that the wished for comes too late, and nothing person that can never be improved, whether itbe selfin higher regions; to him also a new world had been reached and acquired produces on the heart the conceit, stupidity, or hypochondria, that renders him disclosed, but a world rich in the most glorious pros- effect, which their longing for it at a distance led unpliant and unguidable. pects. Scarcely had the first excess of joy subsided, them to anticipate. Now, fate has exalted the poet A good Daily Memorandum. Men are so inclined when all that had long been gliding dimly through above all this,' as if he were a god. He views the to content themselves with what is commonest; the his soul, stood up in bright distinctness before it. She conflicting tumult of the passions; sees families and spirit and the senses so easily grow dead to the imis thine! She has given herself away to theel She, kingrioms raging in aimless commotion; sees those pression of the beautiful and the perfect; that every the loved, the wished-for, the adored, has given her- inexplicable enigmas of misunderstanding, which one should study to nourish in his mind the faculty self away to thee in truth and faith ; she shall not frequently a single monosyllable would suffice to ex- of feeling these things by every method in his power. find thee ungrateful for the gift. Standing or walking, plain, occasioning convulsions unutterably baneful. For no man can bear to be entirely deprived of such With a copiousness of splendid words, he uttered to him. He has a fellow feeling of the mournful and the joy- enjoyment; it is only because they are not used to self the loftiest emotions.
ful in all human beings. When the man of the taste of what is excellent, that the generality of peoworld is devoting his days to wasting melancholy, for ple take delight in silly and insipid things, provided
some deep disappointment, or in the ebullition of they be new. For this reason, one ought every day at Happy season of youth! Happy times of the first joy, is going out to meet his happy destiny, the least to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine wish of love! A man is then like a child that can for lightly-moved and all-conceiving spirit of the poet picture, and if it were possible, to speak a few reasonhours delight itself with an echo, can support alone steps forth, like the sun from night to day, and able words, the changes of conversation, and be well contented with soft transition tunes his harp to joy or woe. Love of Power.-Every man desires to gather all with its entertainment, if the unseen interlocutor will From his heart its native soil, springs up the lovely things round him, to make and manage them accordbut repeat the concluding syllables of the words ad- flower of wisdom; and, if others, while waking dream, ing to his pleasure; the money, which himself does dressed to it.
and are painted with fantastic delusions from their not expend, he seldom reckons well expended. So was it with Wilhelm in the earlier, and still
every sense, he passes the dream of life like one Generosity not always generous.—My brother-inmore in the later period of his passion for Mariana ; awake, and the strangest of incidents is to him a law, you see, is giving up his fortune, in so far as this he transferred the whole wealth of his own emotions part both of the past and the future. And thus the is in his power, to the community of Herrnhuth: he to her, and looked upon himself as a beggar that lived poet is at once a teacher, a prophet, a friend both of reckons that by doing so, he is advancing the salvaupon her alms; and, as a landscape is more delight- gods and men. How! thou wouldst have him to tion of his soul. Had he sacrificed a slender portion ful, nay, is delightful only, when it is enlightened by descend from his height to some paltry occupation? of his revenue, he might have rendered many people the sun, so likewise in his eyes were all things beau. He who is fashioned like the bird to hover round the happy, n.ight have made for them and for himself a tiful and glorified which lay around her or related to world, to nestle on the lofty summits, to feed on heaven upon earth. Our sacrifices are but rarely of her.
buds and fruits, exchanging gaily one bough for an active kind : wė, as it were, abandon what we gide Often would he stand in the theatre behind the another, he ought also to work at the plough like an quay. It is not from resolution but despair, that we scenes, to which he had obtained tho freedom of ac
ox; like a dog to train himself up to the harness and renounce our property. cess from the manager. In such cases, it is true, the draught ; or perhaps, tied up in a chain, to guard a The dread of dreads.-The herd of people dread perspective magic was away; but the far mightier farm-yard by his barking.”
sound understanding more than anything; they ought sorcery of love then first began to act. For hours he Werner, it may be well supposed, had listened with to dread stupidity, if they had any notion what was could stand by the sooty light-frame, inhaling the the greatest surprise. 'All true,' he rejoined, ‘if men really dreadful. vapour of tallow lan.ps, looking at his mistress; and were but made like birds, and thongh they neither A hint to violent and selfisn' teachers.--Lydia re. when she returned, and cast a kindly glanes upon spun nor weaved, could yet spend peaceful days in turned: my mother had been harsh enough to cast him, he could feel himself lost in ecstacy, and though perpetual enjoyment. If at the approach of winter the poor girl off, after having altogether spoiled het. close upon laths and bare spars, he seemed trans- they could as easily betake themselves to distant Lydia had learned with her mistress to consider pas. ported into Paradise. The stuff bunches of wool de- regions, could retire before scarcity, and fortify them. sions as her occupation • she was wont to curb herself nominated lambs, the waterfalls of tin, the paper selves against frost.
in nothing. roses, and the one-sided huts of straw, awoke ih him Poets have lived so,' exclaimed Wilhelm, 'in A mirror for the censorious.--No man should cast a fair poetic visions of an old pastoral world. Nay, the times when true nobleness was better reverenced ; stone at his brother: when one composes long very dancing girls, ugly as they were when seen at and so should they ever live. Sufficiently provided speeches with a view to shame his neighbours, he hand, did not always inspire him with disgust; they for within. they had need of little from without; the should speak them to a looking glass. trod the same floor with Mariana. So true is it, that gift of communicating lofty emotions and glorious Do what you lament is not done.--I have often heard love which alone can give their full charm to rose- images to men, in melodies and words that charmed people who themselves kept silence in regard to bowers, myrtle-groves, and moonshine, can also com- the ear, and fixed themselves inseparably on whatever works of merit, complaining and lamenting that si
objects they referred to, of old enraptured the world, lence was kept. * She had been nnworthily trained, and was not exactly
and served the gifted as a rich inheritance. At the what he took her for in point or life; thongh more than wor. courts of kings, at the tables of the great, beneath • He means, ennobiss it, and renders it fitting; not a light iby of him by nature and aspiration. Her story is one of the most begotifully touching we ever read.Ed. L. J the windows of the fair, the sound of them was
acceptance of obligations thal can be reasonably avoided, or fiom any body.-E. L.J.
The useful and the beautiful.--Every gift is valuable, "little villa;" but the magnificent estate called War- knowledge. He will see that we are trying to meet and ought to be unfolded. When one encourages the field Park, in Berkshire, devised by Mr. Walsh, is still his wishes in the other respect. The paper is left beautiful alone, and another encourages the useful the seat of the present Sir John B. Walsh, son of the
for him at the publisher's. alone, it takes them both to form a man. The useful one above alluded to.
JUVENIS is a worthy reader of poetry, and shews encourages itself ; for the multitude produce it, and no This contradiction to your "shortest and sweetest occasional evidences of looking at nature with his one can dispense with it; the beautiful must be encou- of all stories," will much oblige, Sir,
own eyes. His only "fault;” (to answer his quesraged; for few can set it forth, and many need it.
Your most obedient scrvant,
tion) is, that he does not in general do so; or if he
does, is too content to repeat what has been said SUNDERLAND C, FOWKE.
before him. MR. WALSH AND MRS. BENN. Ferry Side in Carmarthen,
We shall give a passage out of the lines on "Hope"
Juiy 20th, 1834
next week, among other pickings, to which we are
The points of the story in question were, that compelled to confine ourselves, from our numerous Sir,
poetical correspondents. Mrs. Benn had had an estate of four thousand a year I beg leave to refer you to an article in No. 6, May
The author of Hints to Young Students, has our 7th of your London Journal, in which supposed facts
left her, to the prejudice of her “cousin" the male best thanks and respect, though we do not insert his so startling are detailed, that in justice to the memory heir, and that she gave it all up to him, reserving only paper. Articles that redound to the writer's credit, of my late father, I have taken the liberty of address
to herself a little villa in Berkshire. The little Berkshire may yet not always be suitable to a Journal that has ing you, hoping that from your well known liberality villa, it seems, turns out to be a large mansion, and
so many calls upon its attention. as an editor, you will rectify what has appeared in
Dr. B.'s letter gratified us much. your interesting little Journal.
what is worse, Mrs. Benn did not give up the estate. We will make the enquires requested by G. F. and The first paragraph is substantially correct; viz: Our feelings of disappointment, however, are relieved inform him of the result. that Mr. Walsh left all his property to his niece Mrs. by finding that she could not. We are sorry to have Benn, to the prejudice of his nephew, my deceased
been the medium of any misrepresentation. The story Errata in the Extract from Dr. Bevan's “ Honey Bee" upon parent; who was the brother, and not the cousin of
Swarming the lady in question, as related in your article; but was taken from a work, generally held to be veracious
Page 74. Colamn 3. Among the Italics read toot toot vice the will was so tied down, that Mrs. Benn could not as well as curious. --The Loungers' Common-Place act in the manner described in your Journal. Besides, Book.--Ed. L, J.
Line 12, from the bottom hedge vice edge, an impediment lay in the way. Her husband, Mr.
Page 75. Column 1. line 14 from the end her vice their.
3 from do. well whole. Benn, afterwards Sir J. B. Walsh, was alive at the
Page 98. In naming the Title of the book --Physiology vice time alluded to, and consequently must have, or been
Philosophy. supposed to have, a voice, if not a casting vote in the Our friend T. R.'s communication is laughable; Page 99. Colwenn 1. The last word of the Latin quotation affair. but in this our urbane paper, we propose to correct
Line 32. from the end, arcasioning vice occasionally. I do not exactly understand what is meant by a errors solely by the gradual substitution of better
Line 18. fron do. several vice general.
should of course be umbram.
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SOME FURTHER REMARKS UPON GOETHE,
the living) that what it did not fall to his lot to ment too easily for the mill-horse round of others. WITH ANOTHER SPECIMEN OF HIM. head, at the right juncture for the reputation of his We now care less if he did so, seeing what it was in Since writing the remarks upon Goethe in our last foresight and for the convenience or hopes of his for- the nature of his genius inevitably to do for all men. number, we have become acquainted, not only with
tune, he would not like to see headed, or fought for, For ourselves, who venture to give our personal the “Characteristics,” but with a variety of criticisms by others. The French Revolution did not break out opinion on the matter, solely by reason of no ordiupon him, and upon other German authors, written
till after Goethe's connexion with the Duke of Saxe nary experience both of suffering and enjoyment, we in reviews and magazines by Mr. Carlyle. It shall be
Weimar. Suppose, instead of the Duke's coming to should be more than content to take the world as it our business to become thoroughly intimate with
him and asking him to live in his court, it had fallen is, provided that all classes could get the pleasure out these criticisms, and we hope the reader, as well as
to his lot to have mixed with the Americans, and to of it that Goethe supposes, whether under the more ourselves, shall be the wiser for them. Meantime we
have had the same honours paid him there, on an received notions of pleasure or not; for like him, we revert to the main point in our last week's observa
intellectual score, as were paid to La Fayette on a are far from confining the pleasurable the limits of tions for the purpose of shewing the extent of our
military. Might not he have been a far greater and its ordinary acceptation ; nay, to oblige those who views on the subject, and the reasons why we venture
more influential man in politics than ever La Fayette have a suspicious grudge against the word, we could to differ upon it with so great a man.
was, or rather than he himself was, (for there is no give up the word itself to a great extent, and change Goethe was for taking no notice of the politics and
comparison between the powers of these two admira- it for the word “action,”—action, we allow, being a public events of his time, nor for busying himself
ble men) and been the new star of the advancement a good half of the business of life, or the whole of it, with what is understood in the language of the pre
of his species in every respect, instead of the attempt if they please, including mental action ; and the face sent day by the hopes of the world,” and the “adto reconcile it to acquiescence in any?
wearing a shew neither of pleasure nor pain in the vancement of society.” The great business of man,
Before we go further, let it clearly be understood general course of it. But it appears to us, that sohe thought, was to be working cheerfully and man
what we mean by advancement and acquiescence. ciety must first put itself into a condition fitter for fully in the sphere in which he found himself, without
We do not mean,-far are we from intending any dividing this pleasure, or something better than troubling his head with the affairs of government or
such absurdity or injustice,—that people in their pleasure, reasonably among its members; and that if the species, but at the same time to know and enjoy
senses are violently to throw down any obstacle in the politics of the German States had had their way, as much as possible of the world of Nature, for the
the way of a better state of society; but that all are uninfluenced by the old revolutions of England and purpose of assisting that cheerfulness and developing
to advance, quietly, and with a good understanding, France, the day of that better division would have the faculties of that manhood. His enemies said, that for the sake of all; so that each may give up what is been retarded; nay, Goethe's and the Duke of Weihe thought in this manner for expedience' sake, and
found wrong, or be gifted with what is right, accord- mar's own improvements had been retarded; and because he happened to be comfortably situated, and
ing as experience shall determine, to the better dis- Germany itself would have been less able to turn therefore had no personal interest in change. His
tribution of labour and leisure, and the gradual eleva- round upon the abuses of liberty, and read a new friends said, that his position was nothing but an tion of the whole species.
lesson of freedom to its corrupted teachers. We accident which he could not help, and which he was
must not quarrel with the throes and agonies of not bound to alter; that he was too great a man to We had written thus far, when having become mankind, merely because it is our good fortune not to sacrifice the universality of his views to the narrow- further acquainted with the Characteristics in the
be forced to partake of them. They have broken up ness of a court circle, or any circle; and that to sup- intervals of our writing, our feelings of respect and
the ground for our luckier cultivation. pose otherwise, only argued an inability to compre- admiration for Goethe have been so increased, that That the reader may be excited to make haste and hend him. They charge his enemies with mere we must plainly confess we cannot proceed in the admire Goethe as much as we do, we shall conclude “Radicalism” or political narrowness of one sort, same strain of objection to him. If our opinion on this article with an exquisite specimen (beautifully just as his enemies charge him with political or per- one point has not been done away, it has at least translated by Mrs. Austen,) of the way in which he sonal narrowness of another. become mixed up and coloured with so much that is
could describe a friend's character. A more lovely, It would ill become us while noticing what appears reverent and beautiful (struck from the many-coloured full, delicate, and potent bit of writing we never met to us to be a defect in a great man, to pretend that radiance of his greatness) and we have found our
with. The softer aspect of his soul,--the gentlest our belief in it may not arise from one of the nume- selves so forcibly thrown upon a sense of what is and loveliest of all his Muses, must have been in her rous defects in our own mode of thinking or measure doubtful and possible in all questions relating to the happiest state of sympathetic self-complacency, when of understanding. We have been subjected strongly, rights and perceptions of a mind of the first order, he wrote it, saturated to the heart with the balm of in the course of our life, to the influence of political and consequently upon a feeling of what is due to belief in good, with the realization of a beautiful vicircumstances; and with all our desire to be impar- common modesty on our own part, that we gladlysion of humanity. Herder was one of the leading tial, and to see the truth for its own sake, cannot drop our eyelids under the effulgence of his beams, spirits of the modern German literature. The reader assert, that we are able to divest ourselves of that in- and should as soon think of objecting any more to
shall know more of him. We have not been able to fluence at will, and stand apart from it, while con- his politics, as of questioning the sun for shining on
hinder ourselves from marking and carving passages templating the character of a fellow-creature. It ap- 'the just and the unjust.” The reader shall see, with Italics, just as our gratitude might have impears to ushowever, from all we have hitherto seen, from time to time, in many a beautiful extract, the printed kisses on the eyelids of the sweetly-seeing that the advocates of Goethe in this matter, with an reasons we have for thus feeling; and not the least
Muse herself, had she become visible and tangible out instinctive misgiving, confound the wholesomeness of of these reasons will be (what indeed we should have
of the head of this Teutonic Jupiter. (his opinion respecting the advancement of the world, added, had we gone on, though not to the same ex- Few minds have been learned upon the same with his right of objection to the immediate move- tent) that a man like Goethe, loving nature tho. grand scale as Herder. The major part pursue only
what is most rare and least familiar in science; he, ment in its behalf. Granting that he might rea- roughly, believing the best of her, making it the
on the contrary, could receive only the great and casonably differ with those movements, like any other business of his life to study and act with her, cannot, tholic streams of every science into the mighty depths privy-councillor of a German sovereign, without being whatever his opinion may be on passing events, or of his own heaven-reflecting ocean, that impressed influenced by the same motives, it does not follow his errors, real or supposed, do any thing but assist
upon them all its own motion and fluctuation. Otheis
are fastened upon by their own learning as by a wither. that he was bound to differ with the abstract theory the grand possibilities of advancement, let their
ing and strugling ivy: but his hung about him as of advancement; nor indeed do we believe that they bounds be as he may think them or not. Either the gracefully as the tenurils of a vine, and adorned him with would argue that it did. But we cannot help think- attainment of one mountain-top must produce the fruit as with clusters of grupes. How magnificently, ing, by the way in which the two ideas always co-exist view of another, or when nothing further is to be
how irreconcileably did he blaze into indignation
against the creeping and crawling vermin of the in their arguments at present, that they feel as if such seen, the limits of our pilgrimage must be ascer
times—against German coarseness of taste—against had been the case; nor can we help fearing, that for tained, and humanity be content, as he desired it to all sceptres in brutal paws—and against the snakes of
But would you hear the sweetest of voices, an analogous reason, such was really the case with be, with the capabilities of what is round about it.
it was his voice in the utterance of love-whether for the illustrious poet. We must add, from what we All that we ever quarrelled with him for, was out
a little child, or for poetry, or music, or in the tones have seen of the weaknesses of other leading spirits of a notion that he wished to stop short unneces- of mercy and forbearance towards the weak. In gene(Burke for one, not to make invidious instances of sarily, and mistook his own ample ground of content- ral he has been little weighed or appraised, and in
SPARROW, PRINTER, CRANE-COURT.
BEAUTY OF THE YEAR. ITS RICHIES TO POETS
AND POETICAL READERS.
parts only, never as a whole. His due valuation he We then find him abroad, and braving the incle- elegant vase receives many a plant, many a bulb,
that on some occasion, whilst listening to plain. At length a cheerful inn receives the hal-f Now is the loveliest time for short rambles,-for choral music that streamed from a neighbouring frozen travellers; a bright flickering fire greets them friendly converse in the chilly evening. Every church (s from the bosom of some distant century, he as they crowd around the chimney; dance, choral domestic feeling becomes active ; longings for social wished, with a sorrowful allusion to the cold frosty song and many a warm viand, are reviving and pleasures encrease ; the want of music is more senspirit of these times, that he had been born in the grateful to youth and age. But when the snow melts sibly felt, and now, even the sick man willingly joins middle ages. The other, and a far different, senti- under the returning sun, when the warmed earth the friendly circle, and a departing friend seems to ment was—that he would gladly communicate with frees itself somewhat from its thick covering, the clothe himself in the colours of the departing year. an apparition from the spiritual world, and that he poet hastens with his friends into the free air, to For, as certainly as Spring will return after the neither felt nor foreboded anything of the usual awe refresh himself with the first living breath of the new lapse of Winter, so certainly will friends, lovers, connected with such a communication. Oh the pure year, and to seek the earliest flowers. The bright kindred, meet again ; they will meet again in the soul that already held commerce with spirits ! To golden clover is gathered, bound into bunches, and presence of the all-loving Father; and then first will such a soul this was possible, poetical as that soul brought home in triumph, where this herald of the they form a Whole with each other, and with every was ; and thắugh it be true that just such souls it is
future beauty and bounty of the year is destined to thing good, after which they sought and strove in that shudder with the deepest awe before the noiseless crown a family festival of Hope.
vain in this piece-meal world. And thus does the and inaudible mysteries thut duell and waik on the And when Spring herself advances, no more is felicity of the poet, even here, rest on the persuasion other side of death, to his soul it was possible; for heard of roof and hearth; the poet is always abroad, that all have to rejoice in the care of a wise God, the soul of Herder was itself an apparition upon this wandering on the soft pathways around his peaceful whose power extends unto all, and whose light earth, and never forgot its native world. At this
lake. Every bush unfolds itself with an individual lightens upon all. Thus does the adoration of such moment, I think I see him; and, potent as death is character, every blossom bursts with an individual a Being create in the poet the highest clearness and otherwise to glorify the images of men with saintly life, in his presence. As in a fully worked out reasonableness ; and, at the same time, an assurance transtiguration-yet, methinks, that from the abyss of picture, we see, in the sun-light around him, grass that the thoughts, the words, with which he compredistance and sumless eleration, he appears not more and herb, as distinctly as oak and beech-tree; and on hends and describes infinite qualities, are not empty radiant and divine than he did here below; and the margin of the still waters there is wanting neither dreams and sounds; and thence arises a rapturous. think of him, far aloft in the heavens and behind the the reed nor any succulent plan..
feeling of his own and other's happiness, in which
itself into the divine maiden, the tree puts off its
ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE.
XXVI--A RECLUSE IN THE THICK OF LONDON,
This simple and affecting account of a human
being so constituted as to be driven from society by a To know a little of a great man, is to wish to know roe in the forest. Around him assemble the whole single shock to his feelings, is taken from the notes more of himland if we have any enthusiasm, to wish
choir of birds, and drown the busy hum of day with to the excellent edition of the “Tatler,” published in
their varied accents. to know it instantly. As we take it for granted that
1789. Mr. Welby's resolution probably originated in
Then, at evening, towards night, when the moon our readers sympathize with us on this point, and as climbs the heaven in serene splendour, and sends her
a variety of motives. He was shocked by the strangethe year is now in a state of ripe and golden perfec. Hickering image curling to his feet on the surface of ness as well as inhumanity of his brother's attempt; tion, worthy to have the sound of a true poet's deep the lightly ruffled waters ; when the boat rocks softly, it gave him a horror of the very faces of his fellow
and the oar gives its measured cadence, and every and melodious memory murmuring over it like a
creatures, perhaps also something of a personal fear stroke calls up sparkles of reflected light ; when the divine bee, we shall indulge ourselves with giving nightingale pours forth her divine song from the
of them; and very likely a hypochondriacal dread even another passage from the “Characteristics of Goethe,” shore, and softens every heart; then do affection and of himself, and of the blood of which his veins pardescriptive of the successive influence of the seasons
passion manifest themselves in happy tenderness; took. We see that he lived in the most sparing
from the first touch of a sympathy awakened by the upon a poetically constituted mind. It is part of a
manner, eating little else then gruel and sallads. But Highest himself, to that quiet, graceful, timid desire, criticism written by him upon the lyrics of another which flourishes within the narrow enclosure of great was the proportion of beauty mixed up with his German poet, Voss; and is particularly suited to our domestic life. An heaving breast, an ardent glance, character, and even of strength, though it retreated Journal, from the recommendation it contains of a a pressure of the hand, a stolen kiss, give life to his
into this timid shape. He was a blighted human fruit song. But it is ever the affianced lover that is regard for every-day objects, and a developement of
of the most noble and delicate order; and one wishes emboldened; it is ever the betrothed bride that the riches they possess for all who chuse to seek yields; and thus does all that is ventured, and all
that instead of the old servant, he could have had them. Mrs. Austen speaks of the "beauty" of it. that is granted bend to a lawful standard; though some affectionate companion to live with and love It is difficult at any time to read this lady's transla
within that limit he permits himself much freedom. him, and repay him for the large sympathies he re
Soon, however, he leads us again under the free heations, without speaking of the beauty of them; and vens; into the green; to bower and bush; and there
tained with his species. But he had his consolation. still less so, when she is giving praise to her originals. is he most cheerfully, cordially, and fondly at home.
He was a reader; and the same romantic turn of She thus puts the last degree of sympathy into her The Summer has come again; a genial warmth mind, which put him into his solitude, as well as the echoes of them, and perfects our delight by niaking breathes through the poet's song. Thunders roll;
temperance which enabled him to grow old in it, proclouds drop showers; rainbows appear; lightnings us sure of her own. In the preface to her version of
gleam; and a blessed coolness overspreads the plain. bably secured him a child-like delight in his books to the “ Tour of a German Prince,” we thought her Every thing ripens; the poet overlooks none of the
the last. cold towards her author. We grant she was not varied harvests; he hallows all by his presence.
The noble and virtuous Henry Welby, Esq. was a bound to be so enthusiastic, as in the present instance.
And here is the place to remark what an influence native of Lincolnshire, and inherited a clear estate of
our poets might exercise on the civilization of our more than £1000. a year. He was regularly bred at We doubt even whether her enthusiasm has not
German people — in some places, perhaps, have the university, studied for some time at one of the allowed her to admit some contributions to the exercised.
inns of court, and in the course of his travels, spent Characteristics,” which had been better omitted; His poems on the various incidents of rural life, several years abroad. On his return, this very acbut if she is chary of expressing her approbation, she
indeed, do represent rather the reflexions of a refined complished gentleman settled on his paternal estate,
intellect than the feelings of the common people; lived with great hospitality, matched to his liking, at least does not bestow it in the wrong places.
but if we could picture to ourselres that a harper and had a beautiful and virtuous daughter who was Every author, in some degree, pourtrays-himself in were present at the hay, corn, anil potatoe harrests ; wedded with his entire approbation, to a Sir Chrishis works, even be it against his will. In this case, if we recollected how he might make the men around topher Hilliard, in Yorkshire. "He had now lived he is present to us, and designedly; nay, with a him observant of that which recurs to them as or- to the age of forty, respected by the rich, prayed for friendly alacrity sets before us his inward and outward dinary and familiar ; if, by his manner of regarding by the poor, honoured and beloved by all; when one modes of thinking and feeling; and disdains not to it, by his cal expression, he elerated the common, day a younger brother, with whom he had some difgive us confidential explanations of circumstances, and heightened the enjoyment of every gift of God ference in opinion, meeting him in the field, snapped thoughts, views, and expressions, by means of and nature by his dignified representation of it, we a pistol at him which happily flashed in the pan. appended notes.
may truly say he would be a real benefactor to his Thinking that this was done only to fright him, he And now, encouraged hy so friendly an invitation, country. For the first stage of a true enlightenment coolly disarmed the ruffian, and putting the weapon we draw nearer to him; we seek him by himself; is, that man should reflect upon his condition and carelessly into his pocket, thoughtfully returned we attach ourselves to him, and promise ourselves circumstances, and be brought to regard them in the home; but on after examination, the discovery of rich enjoyment, and manifold instruction and im- most agreeable light. Let the song of the potatoe be bullets in the pistol had such an effect upon his mind, provement.
sung in the field, where the wondrous mode of in- that he instantly conceived an extraordinary resoluÎn a level northern landscape we find him rejoicing crease, which calls even the man of science to high tion, of retiring entirely from the world, in which he in his existence, in a latitude in which the ancients and curious meditation, after the long and silent persisted inflexibly, till the end of his life. He took hardly expected to find a living thing.
working and interweaving of vegetable powers, comes a very fair house in the lower end of Grub Street, near And truly, Winter there manifests his whole might to view, and a quite unintelligible blessing springs Cripplegate; and contracting a numerous retinue and sovereignty. Storm-borne from the Pole, he out of the earth; and then first will be felt the merit into a small family, having the house prepared for his covers the wood with hoar-frost, the streams with of this and similar poems, in which the poet essays purpose, he selected three chambers for himself, the ice: a drifting whirlwind eddies around the high to awaken the rude, reckless, unobservant man, who one for his diet, the second for his lodging, and the gables, while the poet rejoices in the shelter and takes every thing for granted, to an attentive obser- third for his study. As they were one within another, comfort of his home, and cheerily bids defiance to the vation of the high wonders of all nourishing Nature, while his diet was set on table by an old maid, he reraging elements. Furred and frost-covered friends by which he is constantly surrounded.
retired into his lodging-room, and when his bed was arrive, and are heartily welcomed under the protect- But scarcely are all these bounties brought under making into his study, still doing so till all was clear. ing roof; and soon they form a cordial, confiding man's notice, when Autumn glides in and our poet Out of these chambers, from the time of his first circle, enliven the household meal by the clang of takes an affecting leave of nature, decaying, at least entry into them, he never issued, till he was carried glasses, the joyous song, and thus create for them- in outward appearance. Yet he abandoned not his thence, forty-four years after, on men's shoulders ; selves a moral summer.
beloved vegetation wholly to the unkind winter. The neither in all that time did his son-in-law, daughter,