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at the end of fifty years, the greatest happiness of Useful, and art and science flourished under the frontiers, with mistrust and resentment against the those it bound together. Under such favourable prince's liberal care. Under Goethe's immediate di- most high-spirited of German princes in his heart, circumstances did the youthful prince enter upon the rection, the court theatre became the model-school and with many a threat of violent measures on his arduous duties of his office : but a more arduous task of German dramatic art, and of easy natural acting. tongue. But Providence preserved our sovereign to he imposed upon himself,—to strengthen and elevate Foreigners resorted to Weimar and to Jena where He escaped from the battle of Leipsig, as by a his powers by liberal, all-sided culture, and to cause youthful talents unfolded themselves in a secure and miracle. His heart beat high when he was greeted the prince to be forgotten in the man.

free asylum, and often attained to a maturity hy by the conquering monarchs on their visit to Weimar, His heart, susceptible of friendship, had opened which other countries were destined to benefit. This as one of the saviours of Germany; he instantly itself to a young man full of high aspiring, and pro- was the most flourishing period of the University of joined the great confederation, and marched at the found feeling, whom he had met with at Frankfort Jena. Its pre-eminence was not produced by wealth, head of the third corps d'armée, to which his own on his way to Paris, before he assumed the reins of nor by any artificial excitements; it was the observant brave subjects and all the Saxon troops were attached, government, and whose writings had filled him with encouraging eye of the prince which animated and en- into the Netherlands. Immediately after the conlively admiration. He gave him a cordial invitation hanced those glorious efforts, which stimulated those quest of Paris he hastened thither, and while he and soon won, for his whole life, the most faithful noble aspirations. It was the mild and gentle atmos- scduously attended to the political interests of his servant, and intimate friend-nay, such a crown phere of mental freedom and tolerance of opinion, country, devoted himself with his usual zeal to and ornament to his reign as no other land can boast. which made every one feel so perfectly at ease in this science and art. A visit to England afforded him the

Pursuing his remarkable career of mental develope- narrow space': and as in the great garden of nature, long desired opportunity of seeing industry and me-
ment, it appeared to him—whose great object was trees and flowers of the most differing kinds unfold chanical skill carried to their highest pitch. At his
future self-dependence-that a free, natural mode of in luxuriance side by side, so did we here see the return (Sept. 1814) the triumph dearest to his heart
life was the highest good, and that hardiness of body most various nay repugnant spirits, distinguish awaited him,—the thousand voiced joyous acclama-
was a necessary condition of vigour and activity of themselves undisturbed, each in his own province, tions of his people.
mind.

secure and free under the shield of their high-minded Returning home with a considerable accession of At his court all cramping restraints were as much patron.

territory, he immediately resolved to place the faithful as possible removed ; nothing was valued but what Under such auspices were fostered a Griesbach, servants and assistants of his government in situabetokened freshness and vigour of mind; inquiry, Paulus, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, * a Loder, Fe- tions of more extended activity and higher dignity, experiment, investigation were set on foot in every nerbach, Thebaut, Schutz, Tiek; t-the Humboldts, and thus to render them sharers of his own prosperity. direction; the physical sciences were zealously pur- Hufeland, Schlegel, Here Schiller found a second He made the wisest arrangement in his ministry; sued; care was taken to open every possible path to home, and, in Karl-August's favour and warm sym- introduced various useful reforms, and on the birthindustry and commerce; personal efforts were made pathy, fresh stimulus and tranquil leisure for his im- day of his noble consort, his most valued servants of to further every useful undertaking; facilities granted mortal masterworks. The cosmopolitan Bode, the

all classes and ranks received from his own hand the to every attempt at improvement, and a refined taste far-travelled Gore, chose Weimar as their place of first honourable decorations as proof of his approexercised and cultivated. And though many precipi- rest, here did the noble refugees Montmorency, bation. Having thus satisfied the desires of his tate schemes failed, and even many well grounded Mounier, Camille Jordan, and many others, find an generous heart, he turned his whole mind to the expectations were disappointed, yet the active spirit asylum and respect amid the storms of the time; the construction of a fundamental law on the constituwas never discouraged, the clear glance was ever more most delightful and refined society surrounded the tion and rights of the states (Land stände), and thus strongly attracted by objects of zeal and universal court, and Weimar, as well as the tranquil valley of secured to his people the most solid guarantee for utility.

Tiefurt (the summer residence of the Duchess- good government and civil freedom. Every fresh acquisition of knowledge or experience mother), was the hallowed resort of the most distin- Taxation was rendered more uniform and equal; was therefore for the good of the whole; all were to guished pilgrims from all countries.

public credit raised and established; the peasant departicipate in every advantage of their prince. Ile In the midst of these peaceful happy times, the livered from the oppressive remains of feudalism ; amended and simplified the administration of justice; youthful hope of the country, the first-born son of burthens on landed property lightened, and trade took further precautions for the security of the poor the duke, had attained maturity, and had been united freed from many vexatious restraints. and unprotected; abolished fines to the church;

to the daughter of an imperial house. But this do- His perseverance conquered every obstacle that opened the gloomy walls of the orphan-house, and mestic felicity was soon interrupted by the most fear- was opposed to the establishment of a supreme court gave its inmates fresh life and energy in the bosom offul calamity. Honour and duty summoned our prince of appeal. (Ober - Appellations - Gericht) in Jena; domestic comfort. Herder's aid was obtained for the

to the unequal combat (1816) which Prussia waged common to the dominions of all the Saxon houses of church and public education, and he was as soon as against the overwhelming might of Napoleon; far the Ernestinian line.* possible placed at their head; public instruction was

from the land of his ancestors, at the head of the only In a critical period of political excitement and exelevated and extended ; normal schools for the for. yet unconquered corps d'armee, the duke had to learn aggerated demands, among the youth of the German mation of a regular supply of country-school-masters the invasion and pillage of his states-the threatened universities his admirable sense led him to combine were founded; a free school of design was instituted ; annihilation of his existence as a sovereign.

firmness with indulgence.t art and industry on all sides encouraged.

But even this tempest of calamity could not shake He did not desist till he had improved the condiSimilarity of character and pursuits united him his heroic firmness. He insisted on remaining at the tion of every sort of establishment for education, closely with the excellent Margrave Karl-Friedrich of

side of the King of Prussia, and only that monarch's from the university to the meanest village school, Baden, with the noble prince of Dessau, with the express command-a proof of magnanimity worthy both as to the funds and the course of instruction. frank and upright Duke George of Meiningen. His

of a king-could induce him to lay down his field- He was also assiduous in completing lines of roads, near connection with the elector of Mainz had a con

marshall's staff, and to think of returning home and as means of promoting intercourse between all his siderable intluence on the choice of Karl von Dalberg making terms with the conqueror.

subjects. as coadjutor, with whom he kept up a most confi

On the fearful day after the battle of Jena, his high- He was continually occupied with the consideration dential and mutually delightful correspondence. hearted wife, by her intrepid firmness and dignified how the burthens caused by the war could be reHis frequent travels brought him acquainted with serenity, had impressed the conqueror with a respect

duced to their minimum, and, after numerous expethe most remarkable statesmen and learned men of and admiration, which was the immediate cause of riments, he succeeded in leaving a most beneficent foreign countries; he was eager to drink from every the salvation of the country, and of the ducal house. example how much may be accomplished with how source; to protit by every opportunity.

He received an envoy from Weimar in his head- little. By a judicious change of the portion of the At the breaking out of the disastrous war with

quarters, and before the end of the year peace was population bearing arms, he made nine-tenths of the France, he joined the Prussian army. As if he were

concluded at Posen. Soon after his return home, soldiery available for agriculture and mechanical emonly about to make some new and interesting experi- the duke had to lament the death of his beloved ployments. ment, his Goethe must be his associate and share his

mother; the most afflicting consequence of the war His generous temper delighted in constant sympa. danger and glory. At the siege of Mainz, at the bat

which had disturbed and broken all the springs of thy with the personal condition and fortunes of all who tle of Kaiserslautern, he gave proof of all the virtues that invaluable life.

came in contact with him : after long years he reof a soldier; every privation was borne with calmness, The investment of his country, the frightful con

tained a grateful recollection of every pleasant hour, every opportunity of perilous distinction was eagerly tributions that were levied upon it, lay heavy on his of every little service; and testified this recollection seized. heart; the great military road crossed his dominions;

to children and children's children. In 1793 he had to endure the loss of his only and

every day demanded new efforts; all the ties of so- Such a temper secured him respect and love wherbeloved brother, and the destruction of all his hopes cial enjoyment, of the delightful cultivation of art, ever he went. Every foreign land was his home. of a favourable termination of the war. He returned seemed broken, but the magnitude of the calamity

His residence in Milan (1817) was commemorated by to his country with dejected heart, but bore with did but redouble his vigour and energy. In the

a medal. “Il principe uomo" was the simple and him the unbroken, persevering activity which he now midst of his anxious endeavours to distribute the beautiful title which accompanied bim in his travels. turned with double zeal to the service of his own burthens of war with the greatest equity, and of the

The horizon of his life gradually became brighter subjects.

caution required by his still very critical political and more cloudless; the tranquil enjoyment of the Nothing escaped his attention. He imported finer position, the most provident thought for the benefit fruits of his progress in the arts and sciences, in breeds of cattle and improved implements of all kinds; and education of his people was never for a moment all of which he took a lively interest, became more examined into the state of medical schools and hos

laid aside; measures for the simplification and im- pure and deep-felt; gleams of the high intents and pitals, of charitable institutions, of means of preser- provement of the institutions of the country were destinies of creation broke with increased brightness vation from fire and other calamities;—wherever

never for a moment suspended, The hitherto di- on his inquiring mind, from nature and from history; human succour could prevail, there was the Duke to vided states of Weimar and Eisenach were united un- chemistry and botany peculiarly attracted him; his be found by day and by night.

der more similar constitutional forms; the Land- mild spirit felt itself at home amid the tranquil beauThe meanest had access to him and a hearing at all rathe (councils of the country) were instituted with ties and fresh bounties of the vegetable world. He times. Intimately acquainted with the necessities of truly paternal views ; new municipal systems, cal- collected around him the plants of every part of the all classes, he excited in all contidence and love, he

culated to give energy and independence to the citi. world, watched the secrets of their growth with conattracted all irresistably to him, without restraint or

zens, were introduced, and great ameliorations were stant and tender ease, and returned refreshed to the command. An approving look from him was the

made in the state of the law by the establishment of cares of government. highest reward, a benevolent wish more than law. local criminal courts and of an improved penal system.

Thus!was that free, natural life, after which he had Affection, and pleasure in serving him, often rose to

Amid the pressure of these lowering times the striven in his early years, at the expense of considerpassion, and they who had once attached themselves duke preserved his open clear glance and his tranquil able sacrifices of care and comfort, now granted to to him could never leave him; a word, a look from temper, and constantly opposed a dignified demeanour him in a fairer and more spiritual sense. He often him, made them forget every toil. Thus did he reign to the often' insolent demands of foreign domination. stayed at Welhelmsthat in the beauty and serenity of securely and tranquilly by the simplest means. His

No feeling of personal alarm could restrain him from summer, assembling around him tried friends and power was doubled by the love his philanthropy in- affording to his Prussian brothers-in-arms, a refuge accomplished guests ; but even from this retreat he spired. and a home, and the expressed approbation and

conducted all the affairs of his government, and on i He continued his reforms of the administration of encouragement of a frank and noble heart.

His

hill and valley, in field and forest, there was not a justice. His acute and vigilant eye detected in the situation with regard to Napoleon thus became more circle of his faithful councellors the modest, profound, and more critical, especially when after his disastrous • i.e. descended from Elector Ernst, son of Friedrich der and laborious man; fitted to be placed at the head of reverses in Russia, the emperor took the field for Sanftinuthig, b. 1441.—Trans. affairs, and worthy of his entire confidence. In the a fresh campaign (1813) in our valleys and on our

+ This refers to his conduct on occasion of the famous fes person of Voigt he found a compensation for the

tival on the Wartburg, concerning which he and his ministers

seem to have judged with an indulgent good sense, very favour many aged excellent advisers of his earlier reign.

* Philosophers and Philologists.

ably contrasted with the alarm and severity of the great powers. But the Beautiful went hand in hand with the + Jurists. ;

- Trans.

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spot to be found which did not share his affectionate

tures of a highwayman; and my astonishment at the cepts, and in direct violation of that principle, wbich cares,

infatuation increases when I recollect several instan- he has so wisely and so mercifully implanted in your Amidst this constant alternation of solicitude and ces of wanderers in this dangerous path, who were breast." The good man would have proceeded ; but of action, of exertion and dignified enjoyment, the men of sound intellect, and, previous to the fatal act, his companion seeing, as the moonlight shone through day of the celebration of the fiftieth year of his reign of sober life and conversation ; they must have known the parting clouds, a post-chaise ascending the hill, approached. Averse from all ostentation, he wished that in this our Christian country, there were inex- thus interrupted him :to withdraw from it, but he was obliged to yield to haustible resources of pity and relief, in the hands “To know calamity is to relieve it, if I rightly the loud wishes of his people. What a festival of and hearts of the charitable and humane, many of understood you, is one of your positions ?”—“It is.” joyous gratitude of deep emotion did he then wit- whom make it the business of their lives, to seek for, -“An opportunity for putting to the test the truth ness, heightened by the marked sympathies of other and assist real distress in any form.”

of your assertion, now offers itself,” said the strancountries.

“I agree to the truth of your description generally ger; the carriage which is coming is, in fact, what
Inspired hy his own spirit, towns, villages, and in speaking,replied the traveller; "the princely re- I have several hours been expecting. The owner of
dividuals, rivalled each other in their efforts to hal- venues and bulky magnificence of our various public it is a rich man, and if my inrormation be correct,
low this day by institutions which might render it hospitals; the vast subscriptions on every occasion has a considerable sum of money with him: I will
blessed to contemporaries and posterity. A weil- of general calamity or individual distress ; the thou- without exaggeration or reserve, explain my situation
designed medal was presented to him by his most sands, and tens of thousands, fed, cloathed, and in- to him ; according to your honourable, but in my
attached servants, and the establishment of the ex. structed; the Gallic fugitives, and the shoals of ex- mind, romantic and unfounded doctrine, I will en-
cellent burgher schools at Weimar and Eisenach, as iles from every part of the continent, confirm the deavour to prevail on his reason to acknowledge the
well as of many other new beneficent institutions, justice of your panegyrics on British benevolence and justness of my claims, and try to interest his feeling
confirmed that consciousness of having laboured for hospitality ; but there is a species of suffering, which to relieve my distress.”
the civilization of the remotest generations, which shrinking from public notice, and brooding in silence The trier of this dangerous and unlawful experi-
was his ever present reward. And thus may it truly over its sorrows, often escapes the benignant, but ment, immediately turned his horse, and descending
be said of him, that even while he tarried among rapid glance of modern charity. There are spirits, the hill, in a few minutes met the gentleman's
us, he enjoyed the fairest and noblest immortality. Sir," continued the stranger, in an elevated tone of carriage. Requesting the driver to stop, he advanced

The oldest and most confidential of his servants voice, his eyes flashing at the moment with ferocious to the door, without any appearance of violence, and,
stood in unchanged freshness by his side. He en- pride, and tortured sensibility, “there are spirits which in a gentle tone of voice, thus addressed the person
tered with ardour into all arrangements for conse- would rather perish by inches than attempt to waken who was in it: “Sir, the urgency of my wants must
crating a second festival to this honoured friend, the generosity, or expose themselves to the neglect be an apology for this abrupt application : myself,
(7th November, 1825.) Singular and rich as had or contempt of the giddy unthinking part of man- my wife, and an infant family, are in want of sup-
been the blessedness of such a life, long union must kind ;-spirits, Sir, which would not hesitate a port, our accustomed resources have vanished; you
be its reward. He caused a gold medal to be struck, moment in flying for refuge in instant death, in order are plentifully supplied with the means, have you the
on which his own likeness and that of his noble con- to evade the arrows of misfortune, and conclude their inclination effectually to serve me?"
sort were united with that of Goethe, and as the oun miseries, but who cannot see a wife, a child, or The gentleman, considering what he said as the
three had blended their light through life in one con. a parent, bereft of che necessaries of life, without re- common-place cant of mendicant imposture, by
stellation, one common jubilee embraced their golden solving, at any risque, to alleviate their difficulties? which the hearts of the frequenters of London are
day of honour,

There is a species of distress which does not always so naturally, but too indiscriminately hardened, His second son returned from America in health strike the wealthy, which they cannot often find out, sometimes against the wailings of real misery, yet and safety, and enriched with knowledge and expe- and which prudent men when they do see it often not able wholly to suppress those feelings which an rience.* A tripie band of grand-children bloomed laugh at and revile ; they tell the sufferer that he indiscriminate address had awakened, twisted all his around the beloved ruler ; his eldest daughter was is poor and miserable only because he deserves to be loose silver into a paper, gave it to the petitioner, married to the son of the King of Prussia, and thus so; that while he has legs to support him and arms and ordered the post-boy to drive on. “This trifle, he saw the early ties of blood and of affection which able to work, he has no right to expect relief ; that I am sorry to say,” replied the illicit collector, “is had bound him through life to the destinies of the it would be injustice and bad policy to bestow on by no means adequate to the pressure I feel ; it will noble house of Hohenzollern, secured to his heart's imaginary poverty, refined indolence, and culpable not provide for my family a week. A fifty-pound content.

affectation, the meed due only to irretrievable cala- bank note, which will not be missed in your abundHe was spared to bless even a great grandson, mity and indigent infirmity. Your appearance, Sir, ance, would remove all my difficulties, and give me time whose birth he looked upon as an additional reason from the moment you approached me, and your con- to apply to a wealthy relation, who lives in another for visiting Berlin. Anxieties, but too well justified versation since, have strongly prepossessed me in kingdom. If you can prevail on yourself to afford by the doubtful state of his health, gave rise to the your favour, and I am resolved, without fear or re- me this timely assistance, I will give you my name most pressing entreaties that he would not attempt serve, to inform you of a secret, which I never meant and address, to a place, where you will see positive the journey, and many a gloomy presentiment op- should have passed my lips; it will account for that proof that your benevolence has not been imposed pressed his people, but, unused to spare his valuable anxiety and dejection, which cannot have escaped on, and I may possibly recover by diligence, and good life, and to repress that activity which was the element your observation. I am a wretched being of that friends, my customary place in society." of his being, he disregarded all warnings. At first class, which, as I have just said, the gay overlook, “You are troublesome, ungrateful, and imperti. he appeared to overcome all the fatigues of the journey. the prudent censure, and the ignorant despise ; I was nent,” said the gentleman, somewhat irritated; Received most affectionately by the king and the reduced by a union of folly and misfortune, from ease you suppose I am to be duped by so shallow an artiroyal family, greeted with reverence and honour by and affluence, to a total deprivation of the means office, can you expect me to give so serious a sum to a all, he enjoyed the noblest and purest pleasure of existence; I cannot dig; I am ashamed to beg; but man whose face I never saw before, and probably his heart; when, on his return, while the memory this is the least part of my affliction, as one desperate, shall never see again; I will do no such thing; you and relish of these delightful hours was yet on his (I do not say justifiable) step, would at once remove are mistaken in your man: post-boy, I insist on it, mind, the angel of death overtook him, and gently nie from the evils I endure; but the pangs of want that you drive on directly. Let him do it at his and suddenly called him, without pain or struggle, are aggravated by the bitter reflexion, that a beloved peril!" cried the robber, raising his voice and preto his betier home. He died at Graditz, ner Torgau. wife, an aged parent, and three lovely children senting a double barrelled pistol: “stir not an inch;

Who was more worthy of such a death than he! are involved in the same ruin. Too proud to appeal before we part I must have your money or your life.
Even in the deep unutterable grief which oppressed to the humanity, I resolved to work up in the fears of There is in your portmanteau that which will relieve
the noble partner of his life and reign, and all his fa- mankind, and I have for some time supported my all my wants ; deliver me instantly the key; your
mily, which depressed us all, and made us deplore family by force of arms. I confess without scruple pocket-book which I see you have dropped to the
the loss of his presence as an irremediable calamity, that to procure a purse at all events is the business bottom of your chaise, must with its contents be also
even at his hallowed tomb, we say, as Goethe said at of my present journey-be not alarmed, Sir, at the surrendered. Driver, alight directly, and if you have
the grave of his incomparable mother,-“This is the avowal,” cried the stranger, seeing the clergyman any regard for your safety, stand steadily at the heads
prerogative of the noblest natures, that their depart- somewhat terrified at his words, “be not alarmed; I of your horses, throw aside your whip, turn your
ing to higher regions exercises a no less blessed in. would cut off my right hand rather than abuse the back to the carriage, and unless you wish for a slug
fluence than did their abode on earth; that they confidence you have placed in me. It is on indivi- through your head, take not the least notice of any.
lighten us from above like stars by which to steer duals of a very different description that I mean to thing that is doing.” The key of the portmanteau
our course, often interrupted by storms; that those raise contributions; on the luxurious, the wealthy, was produced, the cords and straps divided with a
to whom we turned in life as the Beneficent, the and the indolent, who parting with a little loose cash knife, and three hundred guineas, in two yellow can-
Helpful, now attract our longing, aspiring glance as are deprived of only a minute portion of their super- vass bags were conveyed to the pockets of the high-
the Perfected, the Blessed.

fluity which they would otherwise dissipate in folly wayman. Having amply supplied bis pecuniary
or vice."

wants, the marauder did not neglect to take the
The divine, somewhat recovered from his em- necessary means for insuring his own safety; cutting
barrassment, now ventured to speak.

pieces from the cord which had secured the baggage, ANECDOTE OF A HIGHWAYMAN,

“I cannot by any means be prevailed on to agree he tied the hands and feet of the getleman and the FOUNDED ON FACT.

to your positions, nor can I, as a minister of the post-hoy, placed them in the chaise, then taking the (From the “

gospel, refrain from warning you against the fatal harness from the horses, he let them loose on the Lounger's Common Place Book.")

conclusions you draw from them; such is the dis- heath, remounted, and quickly rejoined the clergyA clergyman on his way from London to the criminating sense, such the enlightened philanthropic man, to whom he gave a circumstantial account of parish in which he resided, within twenty miles of the spirit, and such the persevering benevolence of the the whole transaction; declared himself confirmed in metropolis, as the evening was closing, overtook a times, that I am convinced there is no species of his system, spurred his horse, and wishing him a traveller on horseback, and as the road had been long distress, however it may recede from public view, or good night, was in a few minutes out of his sight. notorious for frequent robberies, begged leave to join bury itself in obscurity, that can escape the sharp The old gentleman soon reached his house, reflecting company, which was agreed to.

sighted optics of English humanity. Not content with a heavy heart on the circumstances of the evenThe appearance of the stranger, half-suppressed with conferring favours on humble applicants, it is ing; the stranger so obstinately persisting in a theory sighs, and a rooted melancholy stamped on his coun- one of the most prominent features of the present so opposite to all laws, human and divine, and detenance, against which he seemed to be ineffectually day to form societies, for the express purpose of fending violence by argument, disordered his feelings, struggling, interested the old gentleman in his favour exploring the darkest recesses of human misery; no and kept him awake more than half the night. They conversed on various subjects, and soon dissi- grievance properly explained and well authenticated, Rising early, he walked to the seat of his brother, a pated that unsocial reserve, which has sometimes been is suffered to go unredressed; ;- remove all possi- magistrate, who resided in a neighbouring village, to considered the characteristic mark of an Englishman. bility of imposition; and to know calamity in England, whom he related the adventure of the preceding Politics, the weather, and the danger of travelling is to remove it. But allowing for arguments sake night. They resolved, assisted by a gentleman who near London at night, with other extemporaneous that the case was otherwise; on what principle of presided at one of the public offices, to whom the topics of new acquaintance, were successively the religion or right reason, are you authorised, rash and ecclesiastic immediately wrote, to watch the progress subject of their conversation. “I am surprised,” said mistaken man, to desert the post at which providence of the unhappy man, whose destruction they saw was the ecclesiastic, " that any reasonable being, should placed you, and at the first appearance of difficulty certain. It was not long before what they dreaded expose himsel to the infamy and destruction which or disaster, forgetting duty, interest, friendship, and came to pass; in a few posts they received a letter sooner or later always follow the desperate adven- every social tie, insolently to rush into the presence from their frienà in London, informing them, that by

of your creator, your hands reeking with your own means of one of the bank-notes in the pocket-book, • Prince Bernhard, whose “Travels in America" are well blood; and murder most foul, vile, and unnatural, the robber had been detected, taken into custody, known,-Trans.

branded on your cheeks, in defiance of divine pre- and conveyed to prison. So vigorous, indeed, were

can

sorrow.

the means pursued, and so rapid the march of justice, should watch nine successive nights in the sepulchre thought she might have been carried off by the in consequence of the Judges of the Assize being of the deceased, with the coffin opened and the face Moors, and he cursed his untoward drowsiness; sitting at the moment of the offender's apprehension, of the corpse uncovered; and that during that vigil anon, he deemed that she had returned home, and that an indictment was prepared, the bill found, and which was to commence an hour before midnight, left him to find his way as he best could; but his the culprit actually arraigned at the bar, by the time and terminate an hour before dawn, his or her eyes good opinion of himself did not suffer him to enterthe clergyman was able to reach town. He hurried should never for a moment be taken off the corpse.

tain this thought for more than a moment; and at into court, anxious to be convinced that the prisoner Time fled, and a period was about to be put to last he imagined that it might be all nothing more at the bar was the companion of his nocturnal jour- their happiness. In one single week from the day than a dream. Filled with this idea he sped back to ney, in whose fate he felt himself so strangely inter- on which this conversation occurred, Donna Ines the sepulchre; but he found the door open, and only ested. Pressing with some difficulty through the crowd was attacked with a deadly malady. Three days the sere cloths, of which he had divested the body of he instantly recognized him; and, to add to the sor- more, and she departed this life to the unspeakable Ines, in the coffin. His wife was not there, and he row he felt, a verdict of guilty, in consequence of sorrow of her agonized husband. Her funeral was was convinced. He then hastened home. evidence which it was impossible to resist, was pro- celebrated with every possible pomp and magnificence. Arrived at the castle, he called to his servants, and nounced against him, at the moment of entering. All the nobility and clergy of the neighbouring coun- anxiously inquired whether his wife had returned ? The worthy priest was not able to suppress or con- try accompanied the body, which was deposited in an But the servants, astonished beyond measure, one ceal his emotions at beholding a young man, of pleas. old vault, at'a short distance from the castle of Don and all answered in the negative. ing person and manners, and of a good understanding, Remigio, and which had been used by his ancestors “ What does our master mean?" inquired the who might have been an ornament to his country, since the days of Pilayo. The concourse then de- hoary Castellan. “I have nursed him on my knee the delight and solace of his family, thus cut off in parted to their several homes, and the disconsolate when a child, I have shared in his sports when a boy the prime of life, by adhering to a system radically husband retired his cha er.

-I have waited and watched for him, a man--and preposterous and unwarrantable. Rushing from the An hour before midnight according to his compact never before heard I such a question from him." afflicting scene, he relieved himself by a shower of with the deceased, he entered the vault in which lay But Don Remigio, who had returned from an untears. The criminal soon after suffered an ignomini. the earthly remains of all that he had loved in the successful search in his lady's bower, under the imous death. But the worthy clergyman did not let his world. In pursuance of his plighted word, he pro- pression that she might have entered the castle feelings make him forget his duty. He considered ceeded to unfasten the coffin lid, and to uncover the unheeded by his servants, explained to them the virtue as something more than a well-sounded period, face of his beloved Ines. This done, he fell on his cause of his question ; and they all stood aghast or an harmonious flow of words, and recollecting that knees beside her, and alternately kissing her cold with horror and surprise at the strangeness of the the deceased had left a mother, widow, and children, lips, eyes, and cheeks, prayed aloud, in the most

tale. he hastened to them, and became a parent to the fa- fervent strain, for the repose of her soul.

Moreover," said he, “I mean to leave my castle therless, promoting, and largely contributing to a sub- Midnight, which was announced by the giant bell, to-morrow, never, perhaps, to return again; so make scription in their favour. In exercising this kind found him engaged in this occupation. Just as the speed for my departure. Stay you here, however, office, he procured further information concerning last stroke of the bell reverberated in his ear, his and never want support, while my demesnes afford it. this unhappy man; he found that he was the son of attention was attracted by a sudden noise at the other

Before the dawn I shall depart, and let no one on his an industrious and successful mechanic, who had side of the vault. He started back in momentary peril seek for me or speak of me after I shall have realized a small fortune by frugality and perseverance; affright, as an enormous serpent, with eyes like fire, gone.” but instigated by the vanity or folly of his wife, and and scales sparkling like polished steel, sprung for

The menials bowed their heads; they were filled perhaps glad to make that an excuse for indulging his ward to attack him. But his dismay was but mo

with grief, for he was a good and a kind master. own, he had yielded in an unlucky moment to the

mentary, -he stepped aside instantly—the serpent They then went to eat their dinners and discuss his infatuation of the times. He gave his eldest son a shot past him, and before the reptile could again project, as far as they could conjecture its significance. genteel and expensive education, that pernicious renew the attack, Remigio smote it with his trusty The hoary Castellan was so sad that he retired to his weakness in large families of small fortune; he sword, and, behold, in its place, he perceived a

ward-room - got intoxicated, and deranged his taught him to despise that humble, but honest art, beautiful ring glittering with jewels, lying on a written stomach for an entire week on the strength of his which had raised his family from indigence; the scroll of paper, the letters inscribed on which were of fabrication of some one part of the complex machinery burnished gold. Don Remigio approached and

Before the dawn, Don Remigio had departed from of a watch, in the formation of which human industook the ring and the scroll; on the latter he read,

the hall of his fathers disguised as a mendicant, but try is divided into so many separate and distinct in glowing characters, the following verse:

with a large sum of money and many valuable jewels branches, while the putting the whole together and

Take this ring and straight apply it

concealed about his person. Two day and two superintending its movements, constitutes another

nights he journeyed thus, in pursuance to a vow he

To the corse's lips, that lieth reputable employment. The young man was thus

In the sleep of death so quiet;

had made previous to his setting out, of subsisting disqualified for tread ng in the footsteps of his father,

Quick to life you'll bring her by it,

only on the alms of the pious, until he once more which would have led him by the paths of duty and

In the blessed Trine's name try it.

found his beloved wife, he eat only the bread of regularity, to health of body, peace of mind, and

charity. On the evening of the third day he fell in competency : he became that wretchedest of all While he read these lines the air seemed to resound with a poor fellow equipped at all points like himself, beings, an accomplished gentleman without for- with strains of wild harmonious music. When he and also bound like him on an eleemosynary expetune, without any intellectual or material dexterity, had finished he did not delay a moment in trying the dition, with this difference, that was not it from which would enable him to procure one; a class of means for the recovery of his beloved wife from the inclination, but from necessity he undertook it. men to whom the gaming-tables, or the road, afford grave, which had been so strangely revealed to him. Short time sufficed to make these companions in a common last resource. He had been taught to “In the name of the Blessed Trinity-Father, Son, misfortune known to each other, for there are not spend, and actually had spent thousands, but had not and Holy Spirit,” said he, touching at the same time many formalities among the poor; and misery, says been initiated in the more mercenary art of earning the corse's pale cold lips with the talisman, arise, the old saw, makes us acquainted with strange bedhis dinner. But this was uot the whole of the evil ; and live once more."

fellows. in frivilous or vicious pursuits, he had dissipated a Ines arose as if from a sleep.

Don Remigio proposed that they should join comlarge portion of that property, which, at his father's “My beloved wife.” —“My beloved husband." pany, a proposal which the beggar most readily agreed death, ought to have been equally divided among They could say no more for some minutes, so absorbed to, since his partner renounced all claims to further himself, his brothers, and sister. The miserable were they with each other. At last tears came to share in the alms they received, than was absolutely parent felt, when it was too late, the effects of their relief, and they wept in joy until the day broke, necessary to his support; this done, they journeyed his mistake, and injudicious partiality. In the de- and they left the sepulchre together.

on together. cline of life he was deprived of those little indul- Unconscious in the fullness of their happiness Many long days, and inany weary miles did they gences, those sweet reliefs of age and pain to which whither they went, they wandered unwittingly the wander on, they knew not whither. Many a kind honest industry is fairly entitled. This fatal error, whole morning, until at noon they found themselves heart did they meet in their course, many an unkind of which I believe every person who peruses this on a broad beech, the sands of which shone like one-the kind hearts preponderated, and they were page can produce numerous instances, embittered diamonds in the sun; and the sea before them. They principally women. In the meanwhile, each had the old man's declining days with unavailing re- s te down at the water edge, and Don Remigio ex- manifcld opportunities of knowing the other. At pentance, and hurried his son into a disgraceful hausted from contending emotions, laid his head on length, one sultry afternoon, as they lay in the shade death.

his lady's lap, and took his siesta while she watched of a cork-tree, high in the Sierra Morena mountains, over him as a mother over her child.

Remigio's companion earnestly inquired of him, But while he continued in this deep sleep a gallant whither he was going? Remigio moved by the poor

barque, with all her sails set, neared the shore, the fellow's sympathy told him all. This drew closer the LA SORTILEGA; OR, THE CHARMED RING. captain, a young man of most comely presence, leaped bonds of friendship with which they had become

from her deck, beside Donna Ines. (From Lays and Legends of Spain.)

insensibly attached to each other; and in reply to a

“Fair Lady," said he, enamoured at the first suggestion of the former that he might leave him if In the province of Andalusia the lived a rich and glimpse of her extreme beauty, “what dost thou he chose, he said he would follow him while he had noble cavalier, named Don Remigio de la Torre, who here in a place of such danger. Know ye not that life and his permission. When the air cooled they had to wife Donna Ines Pauda, the most beautiful this cave is the resort of Moorish Zebeques; and pursued their journey together. woman in all the land. Long and happily they lived that if they find you here they will carry you off to Days and days, and leagues and leagues they wantogether; so that their felicity had become a bye. captivity.”

dered on, over mountains and rivers, through vallies word among their neighbours, and they were held up Don Remigio slept on, and heard not a word of and gardens, on-on, until they arrived at last at a as an example to all young persons entering into the this discourse. Donna Ines imperceptibly shifted great city, fatigued, foot-sore, and anxious for a little blessed state of matrimony. Indeed neither tongue his head from her lap, until at last she laid it on a repose after their toils. Here they made up their nor pen can describe how happily they were con- large stone which was beside them.

minds to remain and rest for a week. It would seem sorted.

“Leave your drowsy, ungallant companion,” con- as if this resolve were the inspiration of some pro. One day, as they sat together in the lady's bower, tinued the captain, “and come with me on board my tecting spirit. They had been there but two days, their talk turned upon death. The thoughts of a brave barque. I love you more than I may say. We when going to mass on the third, which was Sunday, possible separation made each feel melancholy, and wili go to my home in a distant country, and you they learned from their brethren in misery, whom they they remained silent for some time. At last Donna shall be my bride, and mistress of all my broad lands. had met with at the church doors in crowds, that the Innes said,

Come, sweetest, come, you shall know neither fear nuptials of a great lord of the land with a beautiful "If you should die, my love, l'am sure I should nor sorrow; but your life shall be as one long sunny Andalusian lady, were to take place the same day, die too." day of delight."

and that an entertainment was to be given in the Don Remigio kissed her eyes, which were full of The lady hesitated a moment, and looked at her court-yard of his palace to all the mendicants of the tears, and pressed her to his bosom. husband; she then rose, averted her head, put forth city and its vicinity.

After mass was over, they “What should I do," murmured he, half choked her hand to her seducer, and stepped on board his joined company with their brother beggars, proceeded with his imaginary sorrow, "if you left me alone in barque. A fair wind sprung up, the mariners bent to the palace of the great lord, and placed themselves this bleak world ?"

on their oars,--the sails filled, and bellied in the at one of the long tables which were laid out in the They kissed and comforted each other; and soon breeze, and in a very short period Ines and her new court-yard, covered with wholesome and savoury food. the momentary melancholy they had experienced was over were out of sight of land.

Seated behind the jalousies in her balcony, the absorbed in sentiments of encreased affection. How- When Don Remigio awoke and missed his wife, he Andalusian lady and her lord, saw with curiosity, the ever, it was agreed between them that the survivor stormed and raved like a man distracted. Now he concourse of mendicants to the banquet provided for

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them. All of a sudden the lady started back, uttered “Fear nothing," said Don Remigio ; "follow me;
a half-suppressed shriek, and grew deadly pale.
all is right.”

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
“What ails you, my love,” asked the lord, in the They left the city together in the silence of the
utmost alarm.

night ; and left the city together rejoicing in the We are obliged to postpone various extracts which "My husband—my own husband,” she exclaimed, darkness. Days on days, and nights on nights they we had intended to make this week from the comher straining eye-balls almost starting from her head. wandered on, until at last they came to the capital munications, in prose and verse, of our correspon

You are mad,” said her lord, half in anger, and city of the kingdom. Just as they entered the gates
half in jest.
they heard a herald proclaim the sore illness of the

dents; and shall probably be compelled to do so till "My husband !" she exclaimed. "See, he is sitting king, and offer of a third of the realm to whoever the week after next. Meantime, we insert in this at yon table disguised as a mendicant. Look, look; would cure him of his grievous malady.

place, as the fittest for it, the letter we promised oh God! what shall I do.” The mendicant looked up, 'Come,"

,” said Remigio, who had resumed posses- which was addressed by Goethe “To the Youthful and saw her and fell backwards, for the Andalusian sion of the talisman, to his mendicant companion,

Poets of Germany." lady was poor Remigio's ungrateful wife.

and cure the king." The lord of the castle looked also, and seeing that

His companion, who now of course, nothing “But too frequently are German poems sent to me Remigio was no common mendicant, believed what doubted his ability, did as he desired. They pro- with a wish that I would not only criticize the work, the Andalusian lady had spoken.

ceeded together to the royal palace. After consider- but give my thoughts on the true poetical vocation of “Take your lady to her chamber,” said he to her able difficulty, they obtained access to the monarch; the poet. However flattered I may be by such marks maiden, who had entered at his call, “and send Guz

and Remigio at once proposed to make him whole of confidence, it is impossible for me to give a suitable man to me."

again. The king wished him to try the experiment reply in writing to each of these applications ;-it Guzman came, and after conversing apart with his

in the presence of his council; but this he would would, indeed, be difficult enough to answer them by lord, received a purse of money and descended to the

not consent The chamber was accordingly word of mouth. As, however, these missives have a -court-yard of the castle, while the bridegroom sought cleared of all but the patient and his new physician. sort of general agreement or resemblance, I may vent'he chamber of his lady.

After a few words of good cheer to the dying ture here to make some remarks which may be of " 'Tis all arranged,” said he," he shall trouble us no

monarch, Remigio touched his lips with the ringfuture usefulness. longer. He then told her his scheme for getting rid

and bade him to be healed in the name of the Blessed “ The German language has attained to such a pitch of her husband without violence on his part, and with

Trinity. He arose at once, sound in mind and body, of cultivation and polish, that any man may succeed due observance of every form of law. There was a from the couch in which he had lain in sorrow and in expressing himself well and happily-in proportion statute in force in that city that visited with the pu pain for many long years. The gratitude of the to the subject or the sentiment, either in prose or nishment of death all those who stole the sum of ten

monarch had no bounds. At the end of five days verse, according to his ability. Hence it follows that ducats or any thing over it.

he summoned Remigio before him; and in the pre- every man, who, hy hearing or by reading, has culti“I have sent Guzman," said he, “to conceal a

sence of his council proceeded to partition his king- vated his mind up to that point at which he becomes purse to that amount on his person; Guzman will do

dom according to the proclamation made by the in some degree intelligible to himself, feels himself the business dexterously 1 warrant you, for he was royal herald. But Remigio, who had been lodged in immediately impelled to communicate to others his once a brigand; we shall then have the fool tried,

the palace during that period would not hear of this; thoughts and opinions, his perceptions and his feel. and I will deal with him accordingly. That will not

and he simply asked to be made commandant and ings. be our faults."

governor of the city in which he had, through the " It were difficult, perhaps impossible for a young 'No," said the Andalusian lady: “No, it will not

instrumentality of his wife and her gallant, suffered man to perceive that by this, little, in any higher be our faults, it will be all Guzman's"

so much in mind and body. This the king ceded to sense, is accomplished. If we observe such producGuzman meanwhile had executed his commission ;

at once, and entertained him sumptuously till his tions accurately, all that passes in the inward man, all under the pretence of helping the mendicant from departure.

that concerns the person himself, appears more or "his swoon, he concealed the purse in the large sleeve

Accompanied by a magnificent cavalcade, and fol- less successfully, accomplished; in many cases so of the beggar's garb. In a few minutes he made an

lowed by a sumptuous retinue he set out for this city. successfully that it is as deep as it is luminous, as outcry, said he was robbed of ten ducats in a purse

After some days pleasant travel he reached it in safety. correct as it is elegant. All that is general; the and commanded the castle gates to be shut. A search Arrived there, he immediately convoked the nobility highest modes of existence, and the love of country; was immediately begun among the beggars. It

and gentry, and invited their wives and daughters to boundless nature, as well as her individual exquisite came to Remigio's turn to be searched last, when, accompany them to a great entertainment to be given features,—surprise us here and there in the poems of just as they touched him, out fell the purse from his

in his palace. They all hastened to the scene of fes- young men; and we can neither fail to recognize sleeve, where it had been hid by the treacherous

tivity. Among them, the causes of his misery, were their moral value, nor withhold our praise from their Guzman. not the slowest in coming.

execution. This was all Guzman wanted. So they hurried What must have been his feelings at seeing his

“ Herein, however, lies the danger; for many who poor Remigio before the lord of the castle for judg. wife and her lover, may be better guessed than de- are travelling the same road will join company, and ment. After a mock trial, which was secretly scribed. However, he made a great shew of kindness enter upon a pleasant excursion together, without witnessed by his wife, concealed behind the judgment to them, and especially singled out his wife, to whom trying themselves well, and observing whether their seat, Remigio was condemned to death. From the

he was completely unknown, as the object of his goal lie not all too far in the blue distance. audience-chamber he was quietly transferred to the particular attention. He seated her and her lord "For, alas ! an observant well wisher has very castle chapel; and then left to prepare himself for beside him, and induced her by degrees to relate to

soon cause to remark, that the deep-felt complacency eternity, while the gibbet on which he was to be

him her whole history. 'She omitted, however, those of youth hiddenly fails, that mourning over vanished hanged was getting ready.

portions of it which reflected on her own character, joys, regret for the lost, longing for the unknown, the Innocent of all guilt, and sad at the idea of such

and threw all the blame of her former husband's unfound, the unattainable ;* discontent; invective a fate, poor Remigio remained in the castle chapel death on her lord. At last he discovered himself against hindrances of all kinds ; struggles against during the period preceding the time appointed for to her.

envy, jealousy, and persecution, trouble the clear his execution. However, the godly assistance of his “Do you know me?" cried he, in a voice like spring; and thus we see the joyless company break .confessor, reconciled him in some degree to death, thunder.-“Look, I am your much injured husband !" up and become joyless misanthropic hermits. How and he resigned himself ultimately to his departure She fell down in a swoon, the whole company was

difficult is it to make it intelligible to talent of every from a world where, after all, he had latterly experi- in consternation, for no one knew the cause. At kind and degree, that the muse is a willing and deenced nothing but misery and misfortune. The con

last Remigio cleared up the mystery by calling in his lightful companion on the journey of life, but in no fessor shrived him and sained him; and then took guards; and after ordering them to carry the two

wise a safe guide! + his leave. At this juncture Remigio bethought him delinquents off to prison, related to his nobles the “When at our entrance into the life full of action of the talisman. He made up his mind at once to nature of their offence, and the whole of his own and effort, and scant in pleasures, in which we must all, the course he should pursue; and taking leave of history. Every one pitied him, and approved of his be what we may, feel ourselves dependent on a great his confessor, he prayed him as a final favour, that proceedings.

Whole, we ask back all our early dreams, wishes, he would seek out his brother mendicant, and send

Next day they were put on their trial, and con- hopes-all the delicious joys and facilities of our him to him without delay.

demned to be hanged first and to be beheaded after- youthful fairy-land,—the Muse abandons us, and " Vulgate Dios, my son,” said the confessor, “thy wards. Guzman was the principal witness against seeks the company of the man who can bear disapwill shall be done.” The confessor departed, and in them. At the time appointed they were accordingly pointment cheerfully, and recover from it easily; a short time the beggar arrived. executed, and you may be sure Remigio did not apply

who knows how to gather something from every " Brother,” said Remigio, “ you have proved your, the ring to the mouth of either. Guzman was sent to season; who can enjoy the glassy ice-track and the self a real friend; will you do me one favour after I the quick-silver mines. Their heads were set on the garden of roses, each at its appointed time; who undie ?" principal gates of the city, where they remained at

derstands the art of mitigating his own sufferings, The beggar replied that he would if it were in his the time that the story was written.

and looks watchfully and industriously around him power.

where he may find another's pain to soothe, another's “Take this ring then,” said Remigio, giving him

joy to enhance. the charmed circlet; “take also this purse, which

“Then do no years sever him from the benign god. contains all my money. When I am removed from

TABLE-TALK.

desses, who, if they delight in the bashfulness of inthe gallows touch you at midnight my lips with the

nocence, also give their support to far-looking middle stone of the ring, in the name of the Blessed

Reproof:—Choose a fit time for that reproof which prudence ; here foster the germ full of hope and proTrinity, and keep the contents of the purse for youreffective benevolence demands. If a failure have

mise; there rejoice in the complete, accomplished self when you have done so. taken place on the part of any individual toward you

man, in his full development. The mendicant promised all that was required of avoid mentioning it at the moment, for nothing you

And thus be it permitted me to close this outhim, and left the chapel, taking with him the ring

can say will cause that not to have happened which pouring of the heart with a few words of rhyme. and the purse.

has happened. The tendency of your observation will In a few minutes afterwards the executioners came

Jungling, merke dir, in Zeiten naturally and necessarily be to produce suffering on in, and took Remigio to the gibbet, where they hung his part, and that ill humour towards you which is the

Wo sich Geist und Sinn erhöht

Dass die Muse zu begleiten him at once. When he was dead they cut him down result of his suffering. If a similar occasion is likely

Dock zu leiten nicht versteht. and carried his corpse to the castle chapel; there,

to occur, then and then only, just before the occaleaving it on the steps of the altar until morning, sion, if you see a prospect that your interposition

GOETHE, they departed.

will be of use, is the time for recalling to his mind * Goethe thought more urattainable than we do; but not the At midnight, the mendicant, faithfully to his

the former failure. The effectwill thus be influential less do we agree with him in the principle of the due exercise of promise, stole into the chapel on tip-toe, sadly at the moment when it is wanted, and all the inter

the will and fancy as distinguished from things to be secured frightened at the solemnity and singularity of the mediate suffering will be spared. But remember,

in the first instance, and enlarged in their hopes and capabilities scene in which he was to perform a part.

that of useless reproof pure evil is the consequence, " In the name of the Blessed Trinity, Father, Son, -evil certain and considerable, in the humiliation

† He means that nobody must trust to her for his sole

support in any sense, but only for an enricher of his stock.and Holy Spirit,” said he, as with the charmed ring of the person reproved, -evil contingent, in the loss he touched the lips of the corpse.

of his amity, and the exposure to his emnity. That which was the corse at once stood up, and the mendicant swooned from fear on the floor of the

LONDON : Published by H. Hooper, 13, Pall Mall East. whapel.

Sparrow, Printer, 11, Crane Court.

afterwards. Ed. L. J.

Ed. L. J.

LONDON JOURNAL.

TO ASSIST THE ENQUIRING, ANIMATE THE STRUGGLING, AND SYMPATHIZE WITH ALL.

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1834.

No. 21.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

use.

" If a merry

66

WINDOWS.

impossible or disagreeable; they hinder the fire from scarlet; and after admiring the beauty, we might eat

sufficiently warming the room in winter-time; and they the produce. But then this produce is a bean ; and We have had a special regard for a window, ever since

make windows partake too much of out-of-doors, shew. because beans are fuund at poor tables, we despise them! we sat in an old-fashioned one with a low seat to it in ing the inhabitants at full length as they walk about: Nobody despises a vine in front of a house ; for vines our childhood, and read a book. And for a like reason,

and contradicting the sense of snugness and seclusion. are polite, and the grapes seldom good enough to be any we never see a door-way in a sequestered corner, with

Lastly, when they have no veil or other ornament out- Well; use, we grant, is not the only thing, but a similar accommodation for the infant student, without side, they look gawky and out of proportion. But the surely we have no right to think ourselves unbigoted to nestling to it in imagination, and taking out of our pocket outside cut of windows in this country is almost univer- it, when it teaches us to despise beauty. In Italy, where the Arabian Nights or Philip Quarll. The same re- sally an eye-sore.

We have denounced them before, the drink is not common, people have a great respect collection makes us prefer that kind of window to all and shall denounce them again, in the hopes that house- for beer, and would perhaps rather see a drapery of hops others, and count our daily familiarity with it as by no builders may be brought to shew some proofs of being at the front of a house, than vine-leaves. Hops are means among the disservices rendered us by fortune.

the “ architects" they call themselves, and dare to go like vines; yet who thinks of adorning his house The very fact of its existence shews a liberality in the

to an expense of nine and sixpence for a little wood or with them in England ? No: they remind us of the dimensions of old-fashioned walls. There is "cut and plaster, to make a border with. Look at the windows ale-house instead of nature and her beauties; and come again" in them. Had modern houses been made

down the streets at the west-end of the town, and they therefore they are “ vulgar.” But is it not we who are of cheese, and La Fontaine's mouse found himself in one

are almost all mere cuts in the wall, just such as they vulgar, in thinking of the ale-house, when nature and of them, he would have despised those rinds of build- make for barracks and work-houses. The windows of her beauties are the greater idea ? ings,-thin and fragile as if a miser had pared them away. an Irish cabin are as good, as far as architecture is It is objected to vegetation against walls and windows,

These modern windows are all of a piece, inside and concerned. The port-holes of a man of war have as that it harbours insects; and gooil housewives declare out. They may make a show of having some thickness

much merit. There is no pediment, nor border ; sel- they shall be “ over-run.” If this be the fact, care of wall at the sides, but it is only a hollow pretence for dom even one visible variety of any sort, not a coloured should be taken agiinst the consequences; and should the convenience of the shutters; and even when the

brick. And it is the same with the streets that contain the care prove unavailing, every thing must be sacrificed opportunity of forming a recess is thus offered them, it shops, except, in some instances, those of the latest con- to cleanliness. But is the charge well-founded ? and if is not taken. It is seldom they contain a seat even in struction ; which if not in the best taste otherwise, are

well-founded in respect to some sorts of vegetation, is it the parlour; and the drawing-room windows in such

built with a little more generosity, and that is a good equally so with all ? we mean, with regard to the inabis houses cannot comfortably have any, because, for the step towards taste. When we meet with windows of a lity to keep out the insects. There is a prejudice against benefit of one's feet in this cold climate, they are cut better sort, the effect is like quitting the sight of a ivy on houses, on the score of its harbouring wet, and down to the floor ; a veranda being probably over head stupid miser for that of a liberal genius. Such are the making the houses damp; yet this opinion has been disto intercept any superfluity of sunshine. windows in some of the nobler squares; and you may

covered to be so groundless (see London Journal, No. 4, meeting is to be wished,” says the man in Shakspeare, see them occasionally over shops in the Strand and p. 32), that the very contrary is the fact. Ivy is found may God prohibit it.” If there is any sunshine to be

Piccadilly. Observe for instance the windows of Messrs. to be a remedy for damp walls. It wards off the rain; had, stave it off; especially if you have been grumbling Greensill and Co. the lamp-oil manufacturers in the and secures to them a remarkable state of dryness; as for its absence all the rest of the year.

Strand, compared with those of the neighbours; and any one may see for himself by turning a bush of it “ Would you have us sit then and be baked, Mr.

see what a superiority is given to them by the mere aside, and observing the singular drought and dustiness London Journal ?”

fact of their having borders, and something like prevailing between the brick or mortar and the back of Dear Madam, you ask the question with so pleasant architectural design. We will venture to say it is

the leaves. a voice, and such a pretty good-natured exaggeration, serviceable even in a business point of view; for Plate-glass has a beautiful look in windows; but it is that you are evidently one of those who may do, or not such houses look wealthier ; and it is notorious, that too costly to become general. We remember when the do, just what you please. We shall not find fault with

the reputation of money brings money. Where there late Mrs. Orby Hunter lived in Grosvenor Place, it was you, if you close every shutter in the room, let the sun is no elegance of this kind, (and of course also where quite a treat to pass by her parlour window, which was be never so smiling. Besides, we give up the hottest there is) a box of flowers along the windows gives a an arch, full of large panes of plate-glass, with a box of days in July and August. But grant us at any rate, liberal look to a house, still more creditable to the oc- brilliant flowers underneath it, and jessamine and other that to have verandas always, as we see them in some cupants, from the certainty we have of its being their creepers making a bower of the wall.

Perhaps the houses, is hardly more reasonable, than having windows own work. See in Piccadilly, the houses of Messrs. house has the same aspect still; but we thought the down to the floor at any time ; and that the horror of a

Rickards the spirit-merchants, near Regent Street, and female name on the door particularly suited it, and had sunshine, by no means too abundant in this region, has

Messrs.

we forget the name--the a just ostentation. more to do with the fear of discoloured curtains and

chandlers, near the Park end. We never pass the Painted glass is still finer; but we have never seen it carpets than it ought to have, especially among the rich. latter without being grateful for the beautiful shew

used in the front windows of a house, except in narrow What signifies the flying of a few colours, easily replaced, of nasturtiums,-a plant which it is an elegance it- strips, or over door-ways; which is a pity; for its lovecompared with the giving a proper welcome to the great self to have so much regard for. There is also some- liness is extreme. A good portion of the upper part of a colourer himself,—the sun that makes all things beautiful thing very agreeable in the good-natured kind of window or windows, might be allotted to it with great There are few sights in your town-house more cheerful intercourse thus kept up between the inmates of a

effect, in houses where there is light to spare; and it than a sudden burst of sun into the room, smiting the house and those who pass it. The former appeal to might be turned to elegant and otherwise useful account, floor into so many windows, and making the roses on one's good opinion in the best manner, by compliment by means of devices, and even regular pictures. A the very carpet look as if they felt it. Let them fade in ing us with a share of their elegancies; and the latter beautiful art, little known, might thus be restored. But good season as the others do; and make up for the ex- are happy to acknowledge the appeal, for their own we must have a separate article on painted windows; pense, dear fashionable people, by staying a little more sakes as well as that of the flowers. Imagine (what which are a kind of passion of ours. They make us loth at home, keeping better hours, and saving the roses on perhaps will one day be the case) whole streets adorned to speak of them, without stopping, and receiving on our pour cheeks,

in this manner, right and left; and multitudes proceed admiring eyes the beauty of their blessing. For such is Verandas have one good effect. They are an orna- ing on their tasks through avenues of lilies and gera- the feeling they always give us. They seem, beyond ment to the house outside, and serve to hide the shabby niums. Why should they not ? Nature has given us any other inanimate object, except the finest pictures by cut of the windows. Still more is to be said for them, the means, and they are innocent, animating, and con- the great masters (which can hardly be called such) to where they and the balcony include flowers. Yet win- tribute to our piety towards her. We do not half unite something celestial, with the most gorgeous charm dows down to the floor we hold to be a nuisance always— enough avail ourselves of the cheap riches wherewith of the senses. There are more reasons than one for this unnecessary, uncomfortable, absurd,--to say nothing of she adorns the earth. We also get the most trivial mis- feeling; but we must not be tempted to enter upon them perils of broken panes and scolded children. They let takes in our head, and think them refinements, and are here. The window must have us to itself, as in the rich draughts of air in across the floor, where nobody wants afraid of being “vulgar!" A few seeds, for instance, quiet of a cathedral aisle. them; they admit superfluous light--from earthwards in- and a little trouble, would clothe our houses every sum

We will conclude this outside consideration of windows stead of from heaven; they render a seat in the window mer, as high as we chose, with draperies of green and (for we must have another and longer one for the inside),

SPAR W, PRINTER, CRANE-COURT.

wax

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