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leeches which infested Naples. Naudé positively denies That tregetoures, within an halle large,

all the evidence, and had added his arguments: the rethat talismans possessed any such occult virtues. Gaf- Have made come in a water and a barge,

sult offers a curious instance of acute reasoning on a farel regrets that so judicious a man as Naudé should have And in the halle rowen up and doun.

wrong principle.* gone this length, giving the lie to so many authentic au- Sometime hath seemed come a grim leoun,

Men of science and art then passed their days in a thors; and Naude's paradox is, indeed, as strange as And sometimne flowies spring as in a mede,

bustle of the marvellous. I will finish with a specimen of his denial; he suspects the thing is not true, because it Sometime a vine and grapes white and rede; philosophical correspondence in a letter to old John is so generally told ! " It leads one to suspect,” says he, Sometime a castel al of lime and stone,

Aubrey. The writer betrays the versatility of his cu“as animals are said to have been driven away from so And whan hem liketh voideth it anon :

riosity by very opposite discoveries. · My hands are many places by these talismans, whether they were ever Thus seemeth it to every mannes sight."

so full of work that I have no time to transcribe for Dr. driven from any place.”' Gaffarel, suppressing by his

Henry More an account of the Barnstable apparitiongood temper his indignant fee ings at such reasoning,

Bishop Wilkins's Museum was visited by Evelyn, who Lord Keeper North would take it kindly of you-give a turns the paradox on its maker :-"As if, because of the

describes the sort of curiosities which occupied and sight of this letter from Barnstable to Dr. Witchcot.” great number of battles which Hannibal is reported to

amused the children of Science. “Here, too, there He had lately heard of a Scotchman who had been carhave fought with the Romans, we imight not, by the

was a hollow statue, which gave a voice, and uttered ried by fairies into France; but the purpose of his present same reason, doubt whether he fought any one with words by a long concealed pipe that went to its mouth, letters is to communicate other sort of apparitions than them." The reader must be aware that the strength of whilst one speaks through it at a good distance :" a cir- the ghost of Barnstable. He had gone to Gastonbury, the argument lies with the firin believer in talismans. cumstance which, perhaps they were not then aware, " to pick up a few berries from the holy thorn which Gaffarel, indeed, who passed his days in collecting revealed the whole mystery of the ancient oracles, which flowered every Christmas-day.". The original tborn “Curiosites inouie,” is a most authentic historian of ua- they attributed to demons, rather than to tubes, pulleys had been cut down by a military saint in the civil wars paralleled events, even his own times! Stich as that and wheels. The learned Charles Patin, in his scien- but the trade of the place was not damaged, for they had heavy rain in Poiton, which showered down "petites tific travels, records, among other valuable productions contrived not to have a single holy thorn, but several bestioles,” little creatures like bishops with their mitres, of art, a cherry-stone, on which were engraven about a “by grafting and inoculation.” He promises to send and monks with their capuchins over their heads; it is dozen and a half of portraits ! Even the greatest of these berries, but requests Aubrey to inform “ that person true, afterwards they all turned into butterflies.

human geniuses, Leonardo da Vinci, to attract the royal of quality who had rather have a bush, that it was imThe museums, the cabinets, and the inventions of our patronage, created a lion which ran before the French possible to get one for him. I am told,” he adds, “ that early virtuosi were the baby-houses of philosophers. monarch, dropping fleurs de lis from its shaggy breast. there is a person about Glastonbury who hath a nursery. Baptista Porta, Bishop Wilkins, and old Ashinole, were And another philosopher who had a spinet which played of them, which he sells for a crown a piece, but they are they now living, had been enrolled among the quiet and stopped at command, might have made a revolution supposed not to be of the right kind." members of the "

Society of Arts," instead of flying in in the arts and sciences, had the half-stifled child that The main object of this letter is the writer's“ suspicion the air, collecting “ A wing of the phenix, as tradition was concealed in it not been forced, unluckily, to crawl of gold in this country;" for which he offers three reagoes;” or catching the disjointed syllables of an old into daylight, and thus it was proved that a philosopher Tacitus says there was gold in England, and that doting astrologer. But those early dilettanti had not might be an impostor !

Agrippa came to a spot where he had a prospect of derived the same pleasure froin the useful inventions of

The arts, as well as the sciences, at the first institution

Ireland-froin which place he writes; secondly, that " the aforesaid “Society of Arts," as they received from of the yal Society, were of the most amusi class.

honest man had in this spot found stones from which he what Cornelius Agrippa, in a fit of spleen, calls “things The famous Sir Samuel Moreland had turned his house

had extracted good gold; and that he himself had seen vain and superfluous, invented for no other end but for into an enchanted palace. Every thing was full of de- in the broken stones a clear appearance of gold;" and pomp and idle pleasure." Baptista Porta was vices, which shewed art and mechanism in perfection; thirdly, “there is a story which goes by tradition in that skilful in the mysteries of art and nature than any man his coach carried a travelling kitchen ; for it had a fire

part of the country, that in the hill alluded to there was in his day. Having founded the Academy de gli Öziosi, place and grate, with which he could make a soup, broil à door into a hole, that when any wanted money they he held an inferior association in his own house, called

cutlets, and roast an egg; and he dressed his meat by used to go and knock there, that a woman used to apdi Secreti, where none was admitted but those elect who clockwork. Another of these virtuosi, who is described,

pear, and give to such as came. At a time one by had communicated some secret ; for in the early period as“ a gentleman of superior order, and whose house was

greediness or otherwise gave her offence, she flung to the of modern art and science, the slightest novelty became a knick knackatory," valued himself on his multifarious

door, and delivered this old saying, still remembered in a secret, not to be confided to the uninitiated. Porta inventions, but most in “sowing salads in the morning,

the country was unquestionably a fine genius, as his works still shew;

to be eat for dinner." The house of Winstanley, who but it was a misfortune that he attributed his own afterwards raised the first Eddystone light-house, must

When all the Daws be gone and dead, penetrating sagacity to his skill in the art of divination. have been the wonder of the age. If you kicked aside


Hill shall shine gold red.' He considered himself a prognosticator; and what was an old slipper, purposely lying in your way, up started more unfortunate, some eminent persons really thought a ghost before you; or if you sat down in a chair, a

My fancy is that this relates to an ancient family of this

name, of which there is now but one left, and he not likely he was. Predictions and secrets are harmless, provided couple of gigantic arms would immediately clasp you they are not believed ; but his holiness finding Porta's in. There was an arbour in the garden by the side of a

to have any issue.” These are his three reasons; and were, warned him that magical sciences were great canal ; you had scarcely seated yourself when you were

some mines have been perhaps opened with no better bindrances to the study of the bible, and paid him the sent out afloat to the middle of the canal—from whence

ones! But let us not imagine that this great naturalist

was credulous; for he tells Aubrey that “ he thought it compliment to forbid his prophesying. Porta's genius you could not escape till this man of art and science was now limited to astonish, and sometimes to terrify, wound you up to the harbour. What was passing at

was but a monkish tale, forged in the abbey, so famous the more ingenious part of I Secreti. On entering his the Royal Society, was also occurring at the “ Academie

in former time; but as I have learned not to daspise our cabinet, some phantom of an attendant was sure to be des Sciences" at Paris. A great and gouty member of forefathers, ! question whether this may not refer to hovering in the air, moving as he who entered moved ; that philosophical body, on the departure of a stranger

some rich mine in the hill, formerly in use, and now lost. or he observed in some mirror that his face was twisted would point to his legs, to shew the impossibility of con

I shall shortly request you to discourse with my lord and on the wrong side of his shoulders, and did not ducting him to the door; yet the astonished visitor

about it to have advice, &c. In the mean time, it will quite think that all was right when he clapped his hand never failed to find the virtuoso waiting for him on the

be best to keep all private for his Majesty's service, his on it; or passing through a darkened apartment, a outside, to make his final bow! While the visitor was

lordship's, and perhaps some private person's benefit.”

But he has also positive evidence: " A mason, not long magical landscape burst on him with human beings in going down stairs this inventive genius was descending motion, the boughs of trees bending, ard the very clouds with great velocity in a machine from the window ; so

ago, coming to the renter of the abbey for a freestone, passing over the sun; or, sometimes banquets, battles, that he proved, that if a man of science, cannot force

and sawing it, out came divers pieces of gold, of 31. 10s. and hunting-parties in the same apartment. “ All these nature to walk down stairs, he may drive her out at the

value, of ancient coins. The stone belonged to some spectacles my friends have witnessed !" exclaims the window !

chimney-work; the gold was hidden in it, perhaps, self-delighted Baptista Porta. When his friends drank If they travelled at home, they set off to note down pro

when the Dissolution was near.” This last incident of wine out of the same cup which he had used, they were digies. Dr. Plott, in a magnificent project of a journey finding coins in a chimney-piece, which he had accounted mortified with wonder : for he drank wine, and they through England for the advantage of " Learning and

for very rationally, serves only to confirm his dream, only water! or, on a summer's day, when all complained Trade," and thed iscovery of “ Antiquities and other Cu

that they were coined out of the gold of the mine of the of the sirocco, he would freeze his guests with cold air riosities,” for which he solicited the royal aid which

hill; and he becomes more urgent for a private search in the room; or, on a sudden, let off a flying dragon to Leland enjoyed, among other notable designs, discrimi

into these mines, which “ I have, I think, a way to." In sail along with a cracker in its tail, and a cat tied on its nates a class thus: “ Next I shall enquire of animals ;

the Postscript he adds an account of a well, which, by back; shrill was the sound, and awful was the concusand first of strange people."- 'Strange accidents that

washing, wrought a cure on a person deep in the king's sion; so that it required strong nerves in an age of attended corporations and families, as that the deans of evil. “I hope you don't forget your promise to com

municate whatever thing you have, relating to your apparitions and devils, to meet this great philosopher Rochester ever since the foundation by turns have died when in his best humour.

Albertus Magnus enter-

deans and bishops ; the bird with a white breast that
tained the Earl of Holland, as that earl passed through
haunts the family of Oxenham near Exeter, just before

This promised idea of Aubrey may be found in his Cologne, in a severe winter, with a warm summer-scene, the death of any of that family; the bodies of trees that

MSS. , under the title of “ The Idea of Universal Eduluxuriant in fruits and flowers. The fact is related by are seen to swim in a pool near Brereton in Cheshire, a cation.” However whimsical, one would like to see it. Trithemius—and this magical scene connected with his certain warning to the heir of that honourable family Aubrey's life might furnish a volume of these philosovocal head, and his books de Secretis Mulierum, and de to prepare for the next world.” And such remarkable's phical dreams; he was a person who, from his incessant Mirabilibus, confirmed the accusations they raised as “ Number of children, such as the Lady Temple, who

bustle and insatiable curiosity, was called “ The Carrier against the great Albert, for being a magician. His

before she died saw seven hundred descended from her." of Conceptions of the Royal Society.” Many pleasant apologist, Theophilus Raynaud, is driven so hard to This fellow of the Royal Society, who lived nearly to

nights were * privately" enjoyed by Aubrey and his defend Albertus, that he at once asserts, that the winter 1700, was requested to give an addition of Pliny: we correspondent about the “Mine in the Hill;" Ashmole's changed to summer, and the speaking head to be two have lost the benefit of a most copious commentary !

MSS. at Oxford, contain a collection of many secrets of infamous flams! He will not believe these authenticated Bishop Hall went to the “Spa.” The wood about that the Rosicrucians ; one of the completest invention is “a facts, althongh he credits a miracle which proves the place was haunted not only by " freebooters, but by Recipe how to walk invisible.” Such were the fancies sanctity of Albertus ;-after three centuries, the body of

wolves and witches ; althongh these last are ofttimes but which rocked the children of science in their cradles ! Albert the Great remained as sweet as ever.

They were called loups garoux; and the Greeks, and so feeble were the steps of our curious infancy! “Whether such enchauntments," as old Mandeville it seems, knew them by the name of auxa ApWtos, men

But I start in my dreams! dreading the reader may cautiously observeth, two centuries preceding the days wolves, witches that have put on the shapes of those also have fallen asleep ! of Porta, were “by craft or by nygromaneye, I wot

cruel beasts. “We sawe a boy there, whose half-face nere.” But that they were not unknown to Chaucer was devoured by one of them near the village ; yet so,

* Hall's postulate is, that God's work could not admit of appears in his “ Franklein's Tale," where, minutely as that the eare was rather cut than bitten off." Ru.

any substantial change, which is above the reach of all in.

fernal powers; but " Herein the divell plays the double sopis. describing them, he communicates the same pleasure he mour had spread that the boy had had half his face de

ter ; the sorcerer with sorcerers. He both deludes the witch's must hiinself have received from the ocular illusions of voured ; when it was examined, it turned out that his conceit and the beholder's eyes." In a wurd, Hall believes in " the Tregetoure," or " Jogelour." Chaucer ascribes ear had only been scratched ! However, there can be no

what he cannot understand. Yet Hall will not believe in one the miracle to "a naturall magique;" in which, however, doubt of the existence of witch-wolves; for Hall saw at

of the Catholic miracles of the “* Virgin of Louvain," though

Lipsius had written a book to commeinurate “the goddess," it was as unsettled, whether the “ Prince of Darkness"

Limburgh “one of those iniscreants executed, who con- as' Hall sarcastically calls her; Hall was told with great in. was a party concerned.

fessed on the wheel to have devoured two and fortydignation in the shop of the bookseller of Lipsius, that when children in that form." They would probably have

James the First had looked over this work, the flung it down, “ For I am siker that there be sciences

vociferating * Damnation to him that made it, and to hin found it difficult to have summoned the mothers who By which men maken divers apparences

had lost the children. But observe our philosopher's Swiche as thire subtil tregetoures play.

reasoning: “It would make a large volume to scan this For oft at festes have I well berd say

problem of lycanthropy." He had laboriously collected



that believes it.

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stances at which nature revolts, without one emotion of

that he had written 6048 poetical pieces, among which
pity or regret.

were 208 tragedies and comedies, and this besides hav.
(For the London Journal.)

Surrounded by death in its most hideous and agoniz- ing all along kept house like an honest Nürnberg
Lightness and veiled Darkness, sisters twain,

ing forms, and with the shrieks and groans of starving burgher, by assiduous and sufficient shoe-making! Hans
wretches assailing his ears, he ordered martial music to

is not without genius, and a shrewd irony ; and above Hold niomentary converse morn and eve :

be constantly played, and with apparent unconcern in- all, the most gay, child-like, yet devout and solid chaLightness attended by her gorgeous train

dulged himself to excess in the pleasures of the table, racter; a man neither to be despised nor patronized, Of sunbeams, and that single star, whose reign aggravating injury by insult. He also ordered the thea- but left standing on his own basis, as a singular product, Lasts longest in the sky. The Pleiads grieve

tre to be magnificently illuminated, and an entertain- and a still legible symbol, and clear mirror of the time
ment to be performed for his amusement.

and country where he lived. His best piece known to Around the grace of Night; Orion mourns,

At this musical and dramatic exhibition, Tucki, an us, and many are well worth perusing, is the FastAnd dim Arcturus pours his flowing urns.

actor and a singer, pleased the barbarian so much, that nachtsspiel (Shrovetide Farce) of the Narrenschneider, The comet's lurid homage decks her brow! he exclaimed in his transports, that he would grant the

where a doctor cures a bloated and lethargic patient by Upon the mountain heights the sisters meet,

player any favour that he should ask; at the same time cutting out half-a-vlozen Fools from his interior !
confirming his declaration with an oath.

Thomas Carlyle on German Literature.
When glistening pearl-dews cool their glowing feet,

The hero of the piece, who amidst all the assumed A French Wit.Singular mode of accommodating a They part—where venturous vessels never plough gaiety and splendour of an oriental drama, strongly felt Debt.-Bois-Robert was the best companion of his time; Old Ocean's utmost waves.—'Tis very sweet for, and warmly sympathized with the sorrows of his his admirable invention of agreeable stories, with his

countrymen, instantly prostrated himself before Nadir, inimitable manner of telling them, had made him a kind To conjure up their greetings, voiceless given

and taking a fair advantage of his voluntary offer, said, of favourite with Cardinal Richlieu. Upon any indisFarewells, and welcomes, blush'd across the heaven!

“Command, Oh King, that the gates of the city may be position of this minister, his physician would say to him, J. H. opened."

• My lord, no endeavours, you may be sure, will be The cruel invader thus surprised into an act of huma- winting in us for your recovery; but all won't do, with

nity, pansed for a moment, but recollecting the solemn out some Bois-Robert." Bois-Robert, on some occaTIMELY INTERCESSION.

oath he had taken, and uniting superstition and enor- sion, unfortunately got out of the Cardinal's favour. The Two instances are recorded in which an effectual appeal mity, granted the prayer of Tucki with considerable Royal Academy of Science, who were indebted to him for was made, in one case to the fears, and in another to reluctance; and disconcerted in his hateful plans, retired, Richlieu's patronage, proposed to intercede for him; the religious prejudices of conquerors, who in no other frowning to the palace.

but the Cardinal being informed of it, intimated that passage of their lives, have shewn any propensity to

their application would be to no purpose; upon which, tender feeling or common humanity. Yet on inese

they consulted with his Eminence's physician, and he at occasions their extravagant fury was arrested, by the


the end of the first prescription for the minister, who cool expostulation, admirable presence of mind, and A Picture.—Among all the interesting objects which frequently stood in need of his skill, writ Recipe Boiswell-timed dexterity of individuals, neither exalted by Chandler has seen in his travels, there is none except the Robert (a dose of Bois-Robert,") which succeeded. rank, nor eminent for intellectual abilities; individuals Parthenon which I so much wish to see as the stupendous This companionable person, more witty than wise, whom, in any other point of view, they would have

ruins of the temple of Apollo at Ura, near Miletus, the played so deep, that at one ill run he lost no less than crushed as worms beneath their feet. The first was description of which has perfectly transported me.

ten thousand crowns with the Duke de Roquelaure. soon after the conquest of China by Zingis, who, enraged Chandler saw them towards evening, when a herd of The duke loved money, and insisted upon being paid ; by some real or imaginary opposition to his ferocious goats had spread themselves over the majestic reliques,

but an accommodation was brought about by a friend. despotisin, issued an oriler for exterminating, by an in- climbing among blocks of marble and massy pillars, Bois-Robert sold off all he had, which made up four discriminate massacre, the whole of the miserable natives, while the whole was illumined with the richest tints of thousand crowns; this sum a gentleman carries to the men, women, and children. The murder of millions was the setting sun, and the still sea glittered in the offing.

Duke, telling him he must forgive the rest, and Boisalready on the threshold of preparation, when Yelutchou- Matthison's Letters.

Robert would compose a panegyrical ode on him, but of say, an honest and intrepid Mandarin, who possessed what James PRICE was an English chymist, who in the the very worst kind. « Now when it comes abroad that honest men frequently despise, and do not always exert, course of experiments exhibited in the presence of seve

the Duke of Roquelaure has rewarded a paltry piece the valuable faculty of adapting himself to the expedi- ral men of science and reputation, produced a wonderful with six thousand crowns, your generosity will be exency, the circumstances, and the necessities of the times powder, which, if it did not actually turn all it t'uched to tremely applauded, and, it will doubtless be said, what in which he lived, without forfeiting his grity, rushed gold, like the fabulous philosopher's stone, mad very

would he have given to a well-written poem !" into the presence of the haughty Khan. near approaches to that miraculous transmutation. Hair

A Strange Prisoner.-In the inner court of the stateHaving acted as his interpreter, and being a favourite, a grain of this wonder-working ingredient, which was of prison of Pierre-Gucise, at Lyons, I saw an old man with in an erect attitude and elevated voice, he thus addressed a deep red colour, and weighed by an indifferent person, a venerable aspect, walking with slow yet firm steps, the conqueror : “ Is it thy intention to destroy the faith- prevented quicksilver from evaporating or boiling, though whose uncommon height struck me forcibly. He was ful Tartars, as well as the Chinese ?“ Should the hair

the crucible which contained it, was surrounded by an neat, but old fashioned in his dress, and my conductor of the head of a single Tartar be injured,” replied Zingis, intense fire, and was itself become red hot. I will not persuaded me to talk to him, for he loved conversation. "I will desolate the face of the earth.” “Then recal the puzzle my readers, nor incur the risque of exposing my- I began therefore by observing on the weather, and the order thou hast given,” said the Mandarin, "for the self, by describing in technical terms every part of the very remarkable situation of the castle, but I soor led utter destruction of both nations will be the inevitable

progress. It is sufficient to observe, that Dr. Price di- him to the subject of his imprisonment. “ It is now consequence of its being carried into execution.” “ Dost rected, but touched nothing, and that at the conclusion sixty years," he said with a resolute tone, "that I have thou mean by the resistance the Chinese will make ?"

of the operation, when the crucible was cooled, and seen nothing but these walls, and eighty-five tliat I have said the Khan, with a mixture of indignation and con- broken, a globule, weighing ten grains, of a yellow metal, been in the world ; I might have regained my freedom tempt. • Know, rash man, that I contemn thy menace, was found at the botton, which a skilful artist, after twenty years ago, but it was then too late, and I continue as much as I despise their power; they have fled, and trying it by the common tests, pronounced it to be pure here above, where at present I am very well off;—I do will fly before my hardy hands as sheep from the tiger, gold, for which he would give the highest price that was not know that I should be so down below." Of the or as dust is dissipated from the northern blast.” “I

generally asked for that nietal. A variety of experi- cause of his imprisonment I inquired in vain ; only thus entertained no such thought," said the Chinese ; “And

ments which it is not necessary to particularize in this much I learned that he is of an illustrious family, and after hearing what I have to say, thou will be at liberty place, and of which the principal nobility and gentry in that he has never answered a single question upon the to follow thy own inclination; but of this thou mayest the neighbourhood of Guildford, the doctor's residence, subject of his captivity.---Matthison's Letters.-[If this rest assured, that if thy commands be literally executed,

were witnesses, established beyond a doubt the fact, that poor prisoner had not lost his wits, he furnishes one of pestilence and famine will soon destroy the troops. by means of his extraordinary powders, for he produced ihe most remarkable instances, on record, of the force of Who can, or who will inter, a hundred million of dead

a white as well as a red one, silver and gold, in the pro- habit. He had got so used, in fact, to his prison, that bodies, which if unburied, will affect the air you breathe. portion of 28 to 1, and in other instances of 40 to 1, and he could not have borne to be out of it. The novelty, Another object is also worthy of thy consideration; the 60 to 1, was repeatedly produced. Notwithstanding and the being born, as it were, a second time to a world indiscriminate destruction proposed, will not leave a such unexceptionable evidence, the world still incredulous which had become different to him, would have frightened single artizan, or a single slave, to administer to the and suspecting deception, demanded further experiments; him. Such things have been. It is said of an old priconforts, to sharpen the weapons, or to till the ground but the sanguine expectations of the frier.ds of Dr. Price soner in the Bastile, when it was set open, that he reof their Tartar lords. “ But should a few of the mise.

were checked by the reply he made ; “ The whole of qnested to be taken back again to his cell. Such are rable slaves be spared from the general havoc, by policy my materials have been expended in the experiments I the trials, but such also are the endurabilities, of human or interest, who can protect and insure thee, and the made, and I cannot furnish inyself with more but by a nature.] companions of thy conquest, from the secret conspira- process tedious and operose, whose effects I find have cies, the midnight dagger, and the poisoned bowl of the already been injurious to my health, and of which I desurvivors; I appeal to thy own sense and feelings, if it cline the repetition.” Whether the operator had im

TO CORRESPONDENTS. is possible for any human creature to serve with compla- paired his fortune, his intellect, or his spirits, I cannot cency or attachment the assassins of their parents, their tell ; but I understand that he not long after died by his In our next numer, we shall have the pleasure of brethren, or their children; it is contrary both to nature own hands, and his secret, to the experimental chymist, paying our acknowledgments to various kind notices in and reason; whatever may be their profession, blood for so highly interesting, perished with him. The philosopher

Magazines and Newspapers. We also hope to say someblool, the erosions of cruelty and revenge, the most fas- and statesman who may lament the loss of an art, which thing on Mr. Coleridge. cinating and inextinguishable of all our passions, will would apparently have enabled us to pay off the national We had always intended (and if we are not mistaken, Turk in the secret recesses of our hearts. I therefore debt, and to set at defiance the exhausting circumstances have said so) to give a series of those criticisins from pray,” concluded the excellent Yelutchousay, conscious of war, will, however, cease to repine, and estimate the

time to time, a sample of which in the instance of of the impression he had made, and the strong ground doctor's secret at its proper value, when they are told, as Thomson's Castle of Indolence) has met the approbation on which he stood, “I humbly pray that the rebellious he confessed to a friend, a few months before bis dea:h, of an OLD FRIEND AND WELL-WISHER. and the guilty may be severely punished, but that the that the materials necessary to pro:luce an ounce of gold The “Angler," from Goethe, is creditable to the transindustrious citizen, the inoffensive rustic, the hardy cost seventeen pounds. Lounger's Common Place Book. lator; but it does not appear to us to afford any particular labourer, their wives and their children, may continue A Guild of Poets !-Nürnberg also was the chief evidence of the genius of its great author. to serve thee unmolested; that Zingis and bis faithful seat of the famous Meistersänger and their Sangerziinfte We are sorry to say we have no recollection of the Tartars may live iikewise.” The conqueror listened or Singer-guilds, in which poetry was taught and prac- article mentioned by Mr. James. with attention and obedience to his pacific, and instantly tised, like any other handicraft, and this by sober and The novel mentioned by Mr. M. has not come to recalled the savage mandate he had issued.

well-meaning men, chiefly artisans, who could not un- hand. Nor the communication, to the best of our reThe second example of influence happily exerted, derstand why labour, which manufactured so many collection, of G. B. W. was during the prædatory expedition of Nadir Shah things, should not also manufacture another. Of these T. R. W. shall have attention. into Hindoostan, in the middle of the Eighteenth century, tuneful guild-brethren, Hans Sachs, by trade a shoe- Various articles from correspondents are under conAs soon as the merciless tyrani entered Delhi, he ordered maker, is greatly the most noted and most notable. His sideration; and promised insertions of others, or of every gate in the city to be shut, and closely guarded, father was a tailor; he bimself learnt the mystery of extracts from them, shall now appear in weekly sucand it was proclaimed by sound of trumpet, that none song under one Nunnebeck, a weaver. He was an ad

cession, till our stock be out. should enter or go forth, on pain of death.

herent of his great contemporary Luther, who has even The provisions within the walls being inadequate to deigned to acknowledge his services in the cause of the

y consumption, famine was speedily the conse- Reformation ; how diligent a labourer Sachs must have #this severe decree; and the unfeeling monster been, will appear from the fact, that in his 74th year

LONDON : Published by II. Hooper, 13, Pall Mall East. rids perishing from hunger, or devouring sub- (1563,) on examining his stock for publication, he found

Sparrowe, Printer, 11, Crane Court.



WEDNESDAY, August 27, 1834.

No. 22.


we used to do) whether we did not mistake their ideas for the confession, if the blush would not imply that a WINDOWS, CONSIDERED FROM

on the subject, if we had not so often seen their repeated similar ignorance were less common with us than it is.) INSIDE.

dashings of themselves against the panes, their stoppings But a window is a frame for other pictures besides its The other day a butterfly came into our room, and

(as if to take breath), and then their re-commencement own ; sometimes for moving ones, as in the instance of a began beating himself against the upper panes of a

of the same violence. It is difficult to suppose that they cloud going along, or a bird, or a flash of lightning ; window half open, thinking to get back. It is a nice

do this for mere pleasure, for it looks as if they must hurt sometimes for the distant landscape, sometimes the point—relieving your butterfly-he is a creature so de

themselves. Observe particular the tremendous nearer one, or the trees that are close to it, with their licate. If you handle him without ceremony, you thumps given himself by that great hulking fellow of a lights and shades; often for the passing multitude. A bring away, on your fingers, something which you take

fly, that Ajax of the Diptera, the blue-bottle. Yet in picture, a harmony, is observable, even in the drapery of to be down, but which is plumes of feathers; and as autumn, in their old age, flies congregate in windows as

the curtains that invest it; much more in the sunny there are no fairies at hand, two atoms high, to make elsewhere, and will take the matter so quietly as some- vine-leaves or roses that may be visible on the borders, or pens of the quills , and write “ articles” on the invisible, times to stand still for hours together. We suppose

that are trailed against it, and which render many a poor there would be a loss. Mr. Bentham's ghost would they love the warmth, or the light; and that either they

casement so pleasant. The other day, in a very humble visit us, shaking his venerable locks at such unneceshave found out the secret as to the rest, or

cottage window in the suburbs, we saw that beautiful sary-pain-producing and reasonable-pleasure-preventing

plant, the rasturtium, trained over it on several strings; heedlessness. Then, if you brush him downwards, “ Years have brought the philosophic mind.” which must have furnished the inmates with a screen you stand a chance of hurting his antennæ, or feelers,

as they sate at their work or at their tea inside, and at and of not knowing what mischief you may do to his Why should fly plague himself any longer with house- the same time, permitted them to see through into the eyes, or his sense of touch, or his instruments of dia- hold matters which he cannot alter ? He has tried hard road, thus constituting a far better blind than is to be logue; for some philosophers hold that insects talk with in his time ; and now he resigns himself like a wise found in many great houses. Sights like these give a their feelers, as dumb people do with their fingers. insect, and will taste whatsoever tranquil pleasures re- favourable impression of the dispositions and habits of However, some suffering must be hazarded in order to main for him, without beating his brains or losing his the people within,-show how superior they are to their prevent worse, even to the least and most delicate of temper any longer. In natural livers, pleasure survives sophistications, if rich, and how possessed of natural reheaven's creatures, who would not know pleasure if pain. Even the artificial, who keep up their troubles so finement, is among the poorer classes. Oh! the human they did not know pain ; and perhaps the merrier and long by pride, self-will, and the want of stimulants, mind is a fine graceful thing everywhere, if the music of happier they are in general, the greater the lumps of contrive to get more pleasure than is supposed out of nature does but seize its attention, and throw it into its pain they can bear. Besides, all must have their share, pain itself, especially by means of thinking themselves natural attitude. But so little has the “school-master', or how would the burthen of the great blockish neces- ill-used, and of grumbling. If the heart (for want of yet got hold of this point, or made way with it, and so sity be equally distributed : and finally, what business better training, does not much keep up its action with occupied are men with digging gold out of the ground, had little Papilio to come into a place unfit for him, them, the spleen does; and so there is action of some and neglecting the other treasures which they toss abou and get bothering himself with glass? Oh, faith! sort : and whenever there is action, there is life; and in profusion during the operation (as if the clay were your butterfly must learn experience, as well as your life is found to have something valuable in it for its own better than the flowers which it produced,) that few Bonaparte.

sake, apart from ordinary considerations either of pain or make the most of the means and appliances enjoyThere was he, beating, fluttering, Aouncing, -won- pleasure. But your fly and your philosopher are for ment that lie round about them, even in their very walls dering that he could not get through so clear a matter pleasure too, to the last, if it be harmless. Give old and rooms. Look at the windows down a street, and (for so glass appears to be to insects, as well as to men)

Musca a grain of sugar, and see how he will put down generally speaking, they are all barren. The inmates and tearing his silken little soul out with ineffectual his proboscis to it, and dot, and pound, and suck it in, might see through roses and geraniums, if they would ; energy. What plumage he must have left upon the and be as happy as an old West India gentleman pon- but they do not think of it, or not with loving knowledge pane! What feathers and colours, strewed about, as if dering on his sugar cane, and extracting a pleasure out enough to take the trouble. Those who liave the adsome fine lady had gone mad against a ball-room door, of some dulcet recollection.

vantage of living in the country or the suburbs, are led for not being let in!

Gamblers, for want of a sensation, have been known in many instances to do better, though their necessity But we had a higher simile for him than that.

to start up from their wine, and lay a bet upon two rain for agreeable sights is not so great. “Truly,” thought we, “ little friend, thou art like some drops cor ng down a pane of glass. How poor are of nature tempts them to imitate her. There are few of the great Germen transcendentalists, who in think- those gentry, even when they win, compared with ob- windows any where which might not be used to better ing to reach at heaven by an impossible way (such at servers whose resources need never fail them! To the advantage than they are, if we have a little money, or least it seemeth at present) run the hazard of cracking latter, if they please, the rain-drop itself is a world, -a can procure even a few seeds. We have read an art of their brains, and spoiling their wings for ever ; whereas world of beauty and mystery and aboriginal idea, bring- blowing the fire. There is an art even in the shutting if thou, and they, would but stoop a little lower, and ing before them a thousand images of proportion, and and opening of windows. People might close them begin with earth first, there, before thee, lieth open reflection, and the elements, and light, and colour, and more against dull objects, and open them more to pleaheaven as well as earth; and thou mayest mount roundness, and delicacy, and Auency, and beneficence, sant ones, and to the air. For a few pence, they might high as thou wilt, after thy own happy fashion, think- and the refreshed flowers, and the growing corn, and have beautiful colours and odours, and a pleasing task, ing less, and enjoying all things.”

dew drops on the bushes, and the tears that fall from emulous of the showers of April, beneficent as May; for And hereupon we contrived to get him downwards,— gentle eyes, and the ocean, and the rainbow, and the they who cultivate flowers in their windows (as we have and forth, out into the air, sprang he,—first against the origin of all things. In water, we behold one of the hinted before,) are led instinctively to cultivate them for lime-trees, and then over them into the blue æther—as if old primeval mysteries of which the world was made. others as well as themselves ; nay, in one respect they he had resolved to put our advice into practice.

Thus, the commonest rain-drop on a pane of glass be- do it more so ; for you may observe, that wherever there We have before spoken of the fret and fury into comes a visitor from the solitudes of time.

is this “fenestral horticulture," (as Evelyn would have which the common fly seems to put himself against a A window, to those who have read a little in Nature's called your window-gardening,) the flowers are turned window. Bees appear to take it more patiently, out of school, thus becomes a book, or a picture, on which her with their faces towards the street. a greater knowledge ; and slip about with a strange air genius may be studied, handicraft though the canvas be, But “there is an art in the shutting and opening of of hopelessness. They seem to "give it up.” These and little as the glazier may have thought of it. Not windows.”—Yes, for the sake of air (which ought to be things, as Mr. Pepys said of the humanities at court, “it that we are to predicate ignorance of your glazier now-a- had night as well as day, in reasonable measure, and with is pretty to observe." Glass itself is a phenomenon that days, any more than of other classes that compose the precautions) and for the sake of excluding, or admitting, might alone serve a reflecting observer with meditation various rcaders of penny and three-half-penny philo- what is to be seen out of doors. Suppose, for example, for a whole morning,—so substantial and yet so air-like, sophy,-cheap visitor, like the sunbeams, of houses of a house is partly opposite some pleasant, and partly some so close and compact to keep away the cold, yet so trans- all sorts. The glazier could probably give many a richer unpleasant object; the one, a tree or a garden ; the parent and facile to let in light, the gentlest of all things, man information respecting his glass, and his diamond, other, a gin-shop or a squalid lane. The sight of the So palpably something, and yet to the eye and the per- and his putty, (no anti-climax in these analytical days,) first should be admitted as constantly as possible, and ceptions a kind of nothing! It seems absolutely to de- and let him into a secret or two, besides, respecting the with open window. That of the other, if you are rich ceive insects in this respect, which is remarkable, consi- amusement to be derived from it. (We have just got up enough, can be shut out with a painted blind, that shall dering how closely they handle it, and what microscopic from our work to inform ourselves of the nature and substitute a beautiful landscape for the nuisance; or a eyes we suppose them to have. We should doubt (as properties of the said mystery, putty; and should blush

blind of another sort will serve the purpose; or if even SPARROW, PRINTER, CRANE-COURT.

But the presence

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a blind cannot be affor led, the shutters may be partly

High in Drury lane,

pains, if we are desirous of them, depend upon it,--pains closed. Shutters should always be divided in two, hori

Luļled by soft zephyrs through the broken pane,

of honourable endeavours, pains of generous sympathy, zontally as well as otherwise, for purposes of this kind.

was better off there, than if he had occupied the ground pains, most masculine pains, of self-denial. Are not It is sometimes pleasant to close the lower portion, if floor. For our parts, in order that we may save the

these more manly, more anti-effeminate, than playing

with life, and suffering like spoilt children, and cracking only to preserve a greater sense of quiet and seclusion,

dignity of our three-halfpenny meditations, and at the and to read or write the more to yourself; light from Same give evidence of practising what we preach, we

the legs of partridges ? above having both a softer and stronger effect, than when

Most excellent men have there been, and doubtless shall finish by stating, that we have written this article admitted from all quarters. We have seen shutters, by in a floor neither high enough to be so poetical nor low

are, among sportsmen,--truly gallant natures, reflecting judicious management in this way, in the house of a poor

ones too,-men of fine wit and genius, and kind as enough for too earthly prose,-in a little study made man who had a taste for nature, contribute to the com

mother's milk in all things but this,-in all things but healthy by an open window, and partly screened from fort and even elegance of a room in a surprising manner, overlookers by a bit of the shutter, while our look-out

killing mothers, because they are no better than birds, and (by the opening of the lower portions and the

and leaving the young to starve in the nest, and strewing presents us with a world of green leaves, and a red cotclosure of the upper) at once shut out all the sun that

the brakes with agonies of feathered wounds. If we tage top, a gothic tower of a church in the distance, and was not wanted, and convert a row of stunted trees into a glorious apple-tree close at hand, laden with its yellow

presume to think ourselves capable of teaching them an appearance of interininable foliage, as thick as if it

better, it is only upon points of this nature, and because balls. had been in a forest.

for want of early habit and example, our prejudices have “ But the fact was otherwise ;" cries some fastidious

“Studded with apples, a beautiful shew.”

not been enlisted against our reflection. Most thankpersonage, more nice than wise ; “ you knew there was

Some kindness of this sort Fortune has never failed to fully would we receive the wisdom they might be able no forest, and therefore could not have been deceived."

preserve to us, as if in return for the love we bear to her to give us on all other points. But see what habit can “Well, my dear Sir, but deception is not necessary to rolling globe; and now that the sincerity of our good

do with the best natures, and how inferior ones may someevery one's pleasure; and fact is not merely what you

will has become known, none seem inclined to grudge it times be put upon a superior ground of knowledge, from take it for. The fact of there being no forest might have us, or to dispute the account to which we may turn it,

the absence of it. Gilbert Wakefield we take to have been been the only fact with yourself, and so have prevented for others as well as ourselves.

a man of a crabbed nature, as well as confined underthe enjoyment; but to a livelier fancy, there would have

We had something more to say of seats in windows, standing, compared with Fox ; yet in the public argubeen the fact of the imagination of the forest (for every and a good deal of windows at inns, and of sitting and

ment he had with him on this subject, he undoubtedly thing is a fact which does any thing for us)* and there

looking out of windows; but we have other articles to had the best of it, poorly as it was managed by him. would also have been the fact of having cultivated the write this week, of more length than usual, and must

The good-natured statesman could only retreat into magination, and the fact of our willingness to be pleased, reserve it for a future number.

vaglie generalities, and smiling admissions, and hope and the fact of the books we have read, and above all,

that his correspondent would not think ill of him. And the fact of the positive satisfaction. If a man be pleased,

who does ? For our parts, inclined as we are for some it is in vain you tell him he has no cause to be pleased.


reasons to like both the men, we love Fox always, The cause is proved by the consequence. Whether the

almost when he is on the instant of pointing his gun, From Wednesday the 27th of August, to Tuesday the cause be rightly or wrongly cultivated, another matter,

2d of September.

and are equally inclined to quarrel with the tone and The good of it is assumed in the present instance; and

manner of the other, even when in the act of abasing it. it would take more facts than are in the possession of a


But what does this prove, except the danger of a bad “mere matter of fact man” to disprove it. Matter of The second of September is terrible in the annals of the habit to the sell-reconciling instincts of a fine enjoying fact and spirit of fact must both be appreciated, in order French Revolution, for a massacre, the perpetrators of nature, and to the example which flows from it into so to do justice to the riches of nature. We are made which were called Septembrizers. Far are we from much reconcilement to others ? When a common, of mind as well as body,--of imagination as well as intending to compare the sufferings of a thinking and hard-minded sportsman takes up his fowling-piece, we

The same mysterious faculty 'which sees what is social creature like man with those of inferior animals; only think of him as a kind of wild beast on two legs, before the eyes, sees also what it suggested to the but inasmuch as he is their superior in thought and pursuing innocently his natural propensities, and about memory. Matter of fact is only the more palpable world, sympathy, he is bound to be consistent, for their sakes

to seek his prey, as a ferret does, or a wild cat; but the around which a thousand spirits of fact are playing, like as well as his own ; and if the birds had the settlement

more of a man he is, the more bewildered and dangerangels in a picture. Not to see both, is to be a poor of almanacks, new and startling would be the list of ous become our thoughts respecting the meeting of unattended creature, who walks about in the world con- Septembrizers and their fusillades,-amazing the multi- extremes; and when Fox takes up the death-tube, we scious of nothing but himself, or at best of what the tude of good-humoured and respectable faces that would sophisticate for his sake, and are in hazard of becoming horse-jockey and the coachmaker has done for him. If have to look in the glass of a compulsory knowledge, effeminate to the subject, purely to shut our eyes to the his banker fails, he is ruined! Not so those, who in and recognize themselves for slaughterers by wholesale, cruelty in it, and let the pleasant gentleman have his addition to the resources of their industry, have stock in or worse distributors of broken bones and festering dis- way. all the banks of nature and art, (pardon us this pun for locations.

As to the counter-arguments about providence and the sake of what grows on it), and whose consolations "And what” (a reader may ask) “would be the good permission of evil, they are edge tools which has hicannot wholly fail them, as long as they have a flower to

of that, if these gentlemen are not aware of their enor- therto turned out to be nothing but a presumption to look upon, and a blood not entirely vitiated.

mities? Would it be doing any thing but substituting play with. What the mind may discover in those A window, high up in a building, and commanding one pain for another, and setting men's minds upon quarters of speculation, it is impossible to assert; but as a fine prospect, is a sort of looking out of the air, and needless considerations of the pain which exists in the far as it has looked yet, nothing is ascertained, except gives a sense of power, and of superiority to earth. The universe ?"

that the circle of God's privileges is one thing, and higher also you go, the healthier. We speak of such

Yes ;- for in the first place, these gentlemen are per- that of man's another. If we knew all about pain and windows as Milton fancied, when he wished that his haps not quite so innocent and unconsious, as in the evil, and their necessities, and their consequences, we lamp should be seen at midnight in “ some high lonely gratuitousness of our amazingly liberal philosophy we might have a right to inflict them, or to leave them untower;" a passage, justly admired for the goodnature are willing to suppose them. Secondly, should they touched ; but not being possessed of this knowledge, as well as loftiness of the wish, thus desiring that way

cease to give pain, they would cease to feel it in its re- and on the other hand being gifted with doubts, and farers should be the better for his studies, and enjoy the lation to themselves : and Lastly, as to the pain existing sympathies, and consciences, after our human fashion, evidence of their fellow-creature's vigils. But elevations in the universe, people in general are not likely to feel we must give our fellow creatures the benefit of those of this kind are not readily to be had. As to health, we it too much, especially the healthy; nor ought any body doubts and consciences, and cease to assume the rights believe that a very little list above the ground floor, and to do so, in a feeble sense, as long as he does what he of gods, upon pain of becoming less than men, and and so on as you ascend, grows healthier in proportion.

can to diminish it, and trusts the rest to providence and losing all real pleasure. Malaria (bad air) in the countries where a plague of futurity. What we are incited by our own thoughts or But not to touch upon this question more solemnly that kind is prevalent, is understood to be confined to a those of others, to amend, it becomes us to consider to than we can help, especially when the gravest refleccertain distance from the earth ; and we really believe, that end : what we cannot contribute any amendment tions upon it may be suggested in a lighter manner, that even in the healthiest quarters, where no positive to, we must think of as well as we can contrive. The

we will take the liberty of laying before the reader an harm is done by nearness to it, the air is better as the greater number of sportsmen are not a very thoughtful article which we wrote upon it some years back, in the houses ascend, and a seat in a window becomes valuable generation. No harm would be done them, by putting New Monthly Magazine. We will give the whole of it, in proportion. By and bye, perhaps, studies and other a little more consideration into their heads. On the because it begins with a country picture, the great refavourite sitting rooms will be built accordingly; and other hand, all sportsmen are not so comfortable in their freshment in all matters of sporting. And as we have more retrospective reverence be shewn to the “garrets” reflections, as their gaiety gives out; and the moment a done justice to the finer understandings that are to be that were once so famous in the annals of authorship. man finds a contradiction in himself between his amuse- found in connection with these pastimes, the reader will The poor poet in Pope, who lay

ments and his humanity, it is a signal that he should give here see that we have not failed to do as much to the

them up. He will be hurting his nature in other respects, inferior ones, notwithstanding what we have just said * Facio, factum (Latin)--to do, done. What is done in as well as in this, if he does not take care: he will of their least favourable sample. imagination, makes a greater or less impression according to be exasperating bis ideas of his fellow-creatures, of the A COUNTRY LODGING. the power to receive it; but it is unquestionably done, if it

- Dialogue with a Sportsman. impresses us at all, and thus becomes, after its kind, a fact. world, of God himself; and thus he will be inflicting A stupid fellow, utterly without imagination, requires tickling pain on all sides, for the sake of tearing out of it a doubt

Pouldon, September 20th. to make him laugh; a livelier one laughs at a comedy, or at the bare apprehension of a thing laughable. In both instances ful pleasure.

On my way back to town the other evening from a there is a real impression though from very different causes, one from “matter of fact,” (if you please) the other from spirit “But it is effeminate to think too much of pain, under visit, I had the misfortune, at the turning of a road, not of fact; but in either case the thing is done, the fact takes

to see a projecting gateway, till I came too near it. I any circumstances." Yes,—including that of leaving leaped the ditch that ran by, but my horse went too place. The moving cause exists somehow, or how could we be moved ?

off a favourite pastime. Oh-we need not want noble close to the side. post; and my leg was so hurt, that I



on it.

was obliged to limp into a cottage, and have been laid' While I was thus venting my spleen against a harm- “Egad, Jack, it's neither my fetch nor my go, at preup ever since. The doctor tells me I am to have three less old woman, in a condition of life which I had always sent, I assure you. There is an old epigramor four weeks of it, perhaps more.

treated with respect, and was beginning to regret that I As soon as I found myself fixed, I looked about me to had got into “ methodistical" lodgings, my hostess,

I am unable,' yonder beggar cries, see what consolations I could get in my new abode.

To stand or go.' If he says true, he lies :comes back again, with three more books, to wit, ParaThe place was quiet. That was one thing. It also was dise Lost, Thomson's Seasons, and a volume containing which is not true; for he may sit, as I am obliged to do clean, and had a decent-looking hostess.. Those were the whole of the Spectator in double columns.

* Head at this present." two more. Thirdly, I heard the wind in the trees, of my ancestors !" cried I, uttering (but internally) a I had some difficulty in persuading my friend TomThis was much. “ You have trees opposite the window ?" Chinese oath : “ Here thou art at home again, Harry! kins that there was no other leg in the case than my -"Yes, Sir, some fine elms. You will hear the birds

This is sense.

This is something like. The cottage is “Well, Harry," says he, “ I ain heartily sorry of amorning." And you have poultry, to take care an excellent cottage; and, for anght I know, had the for it, upon my soul; for now as you have caught me of my fever with ? and eggs and bacon when I get honour of being one of the many cottages in which my with my Joe Manton, I suppose I'm to be had up for better? and a garden and a paddock, when I walk great grandfather's friend Sir Richard used to eschew fetching down a few birds; whereas if I could have fairly again, eh ? and capital milk, and a milk-maid whom it's the visits of the importunate.

found you out in your tricks with the cottagers, d-a sight to see carrying it over the field."-"Why, Sir," There was a bed-room as neat as the sitting-room, and me if I couldn't have read you a bit of a lecture myself, said my hostess, good-humouredly but gravely,;" as to with more trees at the window. My leg was very pain- by way of a muffler." the milk-maid, I can say nothing; but we have capital ful, and I had feverish dreams. However, my horseback * Why, Jack, as you say, I have caught you in the milk at Pouldon, and good eggs and bacon, and pad- had made me nothing the worse for my dinner, and fact, and I wonder at a fellow of your sense and spirit, docks in plenty, and every thing else that horse or man having taken no supper, my dreams, though disturbed, that you're not above cutting up a parcel of' tom-tits.” can desire, in an honest way." :-“ Well, Madam,” said were not frightful. I dreamt of Pamela, and Dick “ Grouse, Harry, Grouse, and partridges and pheasants, 1, “I shall desire nothing of you, you may depend on Honeycombe, and my ancestor Nathaniel. thought and all that. Toin-tits ! let the cockneys try to cut up it, unbecoming the dignity of Pouldon or the pretty my landlady was Mrs. Harlowe, and that Dick being tom-rits.” whiteness of these window-curtains.”—“ dare say we pressed to marry, said he would not have his cousin “Well, to be sure there's a good deal of difference shall agree very well, Sir," said my good woman with Pamela, but Nell Gwynn ; which the serious Common- between breaking the legs of partridges and tom-tits. a gracious smile.

wealth officer approved, “because," said he, “ of the The partridge, too, is a fierce bird, and can defend itself. The curtains were very neat and white, the rest of other's immoral character." In one of my reveries, It's a gallant thing, a fight with a partridge." the furniture corresponding.

There a small between sleep and awake, I hardly knew whether the “ Eh? Nonsense. Now you are at some of your couch, and a long-backed arm-chair, looking as if it was rustling sounds I heard were those of the trees out-of- banter. But it's no joke, I assure you, to me, having a made for me. “ That settee,” thought I, “I shall doors, or of old Mrs. Harlowe's petticoat.

fine morning's sport. You can read and all that; but move into that other part of the room :-it will be In the morning. it was delightful to hear the sound of every man to his taste. However, I can't stop at presnugger, and more away from the door. The arm-chair the birds. There is something exhilarating in the sing- sent. Here's Needle, poor feliow, wants to be off. and the table shall go near the window, when I can sit ing of birds, analogous to the brilliancy of sunshine. My Glorious morning-never saw such a morning—but I'll up ; so that I may have the trees at the corner of my leg was now worse, but not bad enough to hinder ine come back to dinner, if you like, instead of going to the eye, as I am writing. The table, a small mahogany from noticing the chaney shepherds and shepherdesses Greyhound. I gave a brace of partridges just now to one, was very good, and reflected the two candles very on ihe mantelpiece, or those others on the coloured bed- the good woman; and I say, Harry, by G-d, if you prettily, but it looked bald. There were no books curtain ; loving pairs with lambs, repeated in the same get me some claret, I'll have it out with you—I will,

group at intervals all over the chintz, as if the beholder upon my soul—I'll rub up my logic, and have a regular “ Pray, Mrs. Wilton, have you any books?"

had a cut-glass eye. The window of the sitting-room spar." "Oh, plenty of books. But won't you be afraid to has a little white curtain on a rod. This, of the bed. My friend Jack returned in good time, and had his study, Sir, with that leg?”

room, is a proper casement with diamond panes; and birds well dressed. I was in despair about the claret, “ I'll study without it, if you can undo it for me." you can see nothing outside but green leaves.

till the host of the Greyhound drew it out from a store “ Dear me! Sir, but won't it make you feverish ?" However ill I may be, I am always the worse for lying which he kept against the month of September; and

“ Yes, unless I can read all the while. I must study in bed. I contrived to get up and remove to the settee Jack being a good-humoured fellow, and l aving had a philosophy, Mrs. Wilton, in order to bear it: so if you in the other room; at which the doctor, when he came, victorious morning, he did very well. Mrs. Wilton and have any novels or comedies—"

shook his head. But I did very well with the settee. the doctor bad equally protested against my having com“ Why, for novels or comedies, Sir, I can't say. But It was brought near the window, with the table; and I pany to dinner, being afraid of the noise and the tempI'll shew you what there is. When our lady was alive, had a very pretty look-ont. Opposite the window you tation to eat ; but I promised them to abstain, and that I rest her soul! eight months ago, the house was nothing can see nothing but trees, but sitting on the left side, would talk as much as possible to hinder Jack from but books. I dare say she had a matter of a hundred. you have a view over a fine meadow to the village being obstreperous; which they thought a dangerous But I've a good set too below; some of my poor dear church, which is embowered in elms. There is a path remedy. I got off very well, by dint of talking wbile husband's, and some of my own."

and a style to the meadow, and luxuriant hedge-row Jack ate; and such is vanity, that I was not displeased “I see," said I, as she left the room. “ that I shall be trees. I was as well pleased with my situation as a man to see that I roše greatly in my hostess's opinion by my obliged to send to the clergyman. Nay, I'll behave in the well could be, who had a leg perpetually r.minding him defence of the bird-creation. It was curious to observe most impudent manner, and send all round. • Necessitas of its existence; but Pouldo: is at a good distance from how Jack shattered her, as she came in and out, with non habit Legs,' as Peter Pindar says. This is the worst lown, and I was thinking how long it would take a his oaths and great voice, and how gratefully she of books. A habit of reading is like a haliit of drinking. messenger to fetch me soine books, when I heard a shot seemed to take breath and substance again under the You cannot do without it. especially under misfortune. from a fowling-piece. I recollected the month, and Paradisaical shelter of my arguments.

But I believe I I wonder whether I could leave off reading, beginning thought how well its name was adapted to these Sep- startled her too, with the pictures I was obliged to draw. with a paragraph less a day?"

tembrizers of the birds. Looking under the trees, I saw This is the worst of such points of discussion. You are Mrs. Wiltou returned with an arm full. “ This, Sir," a stout fellow, in a jacket and gaiters and the rest of the obliged to put new ideas of pain and trouble into innosaid she, giving me the top one, "our lady left me for a costume of avicide, picking his way along the palings, cent heads, in the hope of saving pain and trouble itself. keep-sake.”

with his gun re-prepared. “ Ay,” said I, "he has shot But we must not hesitate for this. The one is a mere It was Mrs. Chapone's Essays. “Pray,” said I, as he is used to do,' and laid up some poor devil with a notion compared with the other. It is soon got rid of or “ Mrs. Wilton, who was the lady whom you designate broken thigh. There he goes, sneaking along, to qua

set aside by minds in health; and the unhealthy ones as the Roman Catholics do the Virgin? Who was Our lify some others for the hospital, and they have none." are liable to worse deductions, if the matter is not fairly lady?"

I threw up the window, to baffle his next shot with Mrs. Wilton lonked very grave, but I thought there the noise. He turned round. It was Jack Tomkins. However, wishing to let Jack have his ease in perfecwas a smile lurking under her gravity in spite of her.

· Hallo! my boy," said he, “why where the devil have sion, as far as he could, I was for postponing the argu“ Mrs. V., Sir, was no Roman: and as to the Virgin, by

-n me, if I don't blow.

You deserve ment to another day, and seeing hini relish his birds and which I suppose, Sir, you mean the--but however-oh, it, Harry, for keeping so close. I'll tell Tom Neville

claret in peace.

But the more he drank, the less he she was an excellent woman, Sir; her mother was a

and the rest ,
d-mme, if I don't. Snug's the word,

would hear of it. • Besides,” says he, "I've been friend of the great Mr. Samuel Richardson.”'

eh? Is she pretty ? Some delicate little devil, I war- talking about it to Bilson-you know Bilson, the Christ “Oh ho!" thought I, looking over the books, " then rant, fit for your rerses and all that, eh?”

Church man—and he's been putting me up to we shall have Pamela."There was the Farrier's Guide,

"She's too delicate for you, Jack ; you'd frighten prime good arguments, 'faith. I hope I sha'nt forget some Treauses on Timber and the Cultivation of Wood her."

By the by, I'll tell you a good joke about Bilson (my hostess was a carpenter's widow), Jachin and Boaz « Oh, don't tell me. They're not frightened so easily.


you don't eat any thing. What, is your leg so (which she called a strange fantastic book), Mrs. What the devil are you putting out of the way there? bad as that comes to ? You don't pretend, I hope, not Glasse's Cookery, Wesley's Receipts, an old Court Ca- You may try to laugh as you please; but hang me, to eat partridge, because of your love of the birds ?" lendar, the Whole Duty of Man, an odd volume of the Harry-I musn't come up, I suppose ?".

“ No, Jack; but I'd rather know that


had killed Newgate Calendar, the Life of Colonel Gardner, and, as “ Pray do; and (lowering my voice) I'll introduce you 'em than Bilson, because you are a jollier hand; you sure as fate, at the bottom of the heap, Pamela, or Vir- to a little friend of mine, of the name of Leg. Jack ! don't go to the sport with such reverend sophistry.'' tue Rewarded. “ Virtue Rewarded !" thought I: “I Jack! say nothing at the door—Most respectable woman “That's famous. Bilson to be sure, --But stop, don't hate these eternal mercenary virtues; these bills brought -You understand me.

let me forget another thing, now I think of it. Bilson to Heaven for payment; these clinkings of cash in the

Jack (who is a man of fortune, and was at Trinity, says you eat poultry. What do you say to that? You white pockets of conscience.

though the uninitiated would not suppose it), clapped a eat chicken.' “You have one novel, at any rate, Mrs. Wilton.”

finger significantly on one side of his nose, and knocked “I am not sure that I can apologize for eating grouse, “ Sure, Sir, it is better than a novel. Oh, it is a book

very much like a gentleman. Presently he came into except, as I said before, when you kill 'em. Evil comfull of good fortune."

the room grinning and breathing like an ogre. “ My munications corrupt gond plaiters. I can only say that “Of good fortune! What, to the maid-servant !"

dear Honeycomb, how are you?-an unexpected plea- no grouse should be killed for me, unless a perfect TomTo every body that has to do with it. Miss V, was

sure, eh? The good lady tells me you have hurt your- kinsan unerring shot-had the bringing of them -dubious like—which of the cottages to live in; and self: something about a horse—what Bayardo the spot- down. I could give up poultry too; but death is comshe fancied ours, because she found Pamela and Colonel

less, eh? (Here Mrs. Wilson left the room, and Jack mon to all; a fowl is soon despatched ; and many a Gardner in the corner cupboard.”

burst out.) Oh, you devil ! Well, where's Lalage? fowl would not exist, if death for the dinner-table were “ I dare say.--Now here,” said I, when left to my

Where's Miss Leg-Fanny or Betty, or what the devil's not part of his charter. I confess I should not like to self, " here is vanity at second hand. The old lady her name ?

keep poultry. There is a violation of fellowship and must take a cottage because she found a book in it, “The poor thing has a very odd name, Jack. What domesticity in killing the sharers of our homestead, and written by an old gentleman, who knew the old lady think you of Bad Leg ?"

especially in keeping them to kill. It would make me her mother.

“ Nonsense. Miss Bad Leg! impossible. I know of seem like an ogre. But this is one sentiment: that vioWith all my admiration of Richardson, Pamela had

nobody of the name of Bad. Come, you're joking; and lated by making a sport of cruelty is another. But I ever been an object of my dislike. I hated her little I can't stop long. I'll come back to dinner, if you like; will not argue this matter with you now, Jack. I canting ways, her egotism eternally protesting humility, but must be off now ;—so introduce me. Is that the would be a cruelty itself. It would be in hospitable, and and her readiness to make a prize of the man, who,

a foppery. I wish 10 put wine down your throat, and finding his endeavours vain to ruin her, reconciled her “No, this is the way, Jack, Little Bad Leg, my dear not to thrust my arguments. Besides, as you say, I virtue and vanity together by proposing to make her his creature, allow me to introduce my friend John Tom- never shall convince you ; so drink your claret, and tell wife. Pamela's is the only female face to which I think kins, Esquire, of Galloping Hall. John Tomkins—Bad me where you were yesterday.” I could ever have wished to give a good box on the ear. Leg."

“Why at Bilson's, I tell you, and so I must talk “And this,” said I, “ was the old maid's taste. It is a “Eh? pooh, pooh, Harry. This is one of your while I think of it. We had a famous joke with Bilson. pity she was not a servant-maid. fetches. Come, come, I know your goes."

Since he went into orders, he is very anxious not to

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