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men,

greate value.

Mark's church, one of the fairest and best furnisht it is no matter, and goes on, And, to crown the persons of the first quality, and usually sent for at that a man shall see; in it lies the treasure so much business, it perhaps proves to be a story the com- every meeting to divert the company; against which spoken of all the world ouer; the same consisteth of pany hath heard fifty times before; or, at best, some I have no objection. You go there as to a farce or certaine verie rich Ornaments of that church, of insipid adventure of the relater.

a puppet-show; your business is only to laugh in Pearles in number foureteen, not polished ; twelue Another general fault in conversation is, that of season, either out of inclination or civility, while the golden crownes with which, in times past, they used those who affect to talk of themselves. Some, without merry companion is acting his part. It is a business to decke and set foorth twelue women. But on a day any ceremony, give you the history of their lives; will he has undertaken, and we are to suppose he is paid as they were solemnizing that pompe, it happened relate the annals of their diseases, with the several for his day's work. I only quarrel, when, in select that certain Theeues took and carried away those symptoms and circumstances of them : will enume- and private meetings, where men of wit and learning women with their crownes, who, being afterwards rate the hardships and injustice they have suffered in are invited to pass an evening, this jester should be rescued and recouered, their husbands gave and dedi- court, in parliament, in love, or in law. Others are admitted to run over his circle of tricks, and make cated these crowns to Saint Mark, and built a chap- more dexterous, and with great art will lie on the the whole company unfit for any other conversation, pell, into which the lords of the councell enter once watch to hook in their own praise. They will call besides the indignity of confounding men's talents at euerie yeare, namely, the day of the recoverie of the

a witness to remember they always foretold what so shameful a rate. women.” In a little Italian booke, setting out the would happen in such a case, but none would believe Raillery is the finest part of conversation.; but as memorable things of Venice, wee read that among them; they advised such a man from the beginning, it is our usual custom to counterfeit and adulterate the riches of this Treasure there is also the Duke's and told him the consequences just as they hap- whatever is too dear for us, so we have done with Cap, made not long ago, which is estimated at above pened; but he would have his own way. Others this, and turned it all into what is generally called two hundred thousand crowns. This treasure hath make a vanity of telling their faults; they are the repartee, or being smart ; just as when an expensive been made vp into such a heape, partly by the spoile strangest men in the world, they cannot dissemble ; fashion cometh up, those who are not able to reach it of Constantinople, at such time as the French and they own it is a folly; they have lost abundance of content themselves with some paltry imitation. It the Venetians ouercame it, and of other cities con- advantages by it; but if you would give them the now passeth for raillery to run a man down in disquered, and partly by presents giuen to that com- world, they cannot help it; there is something in course, to put him out of countenance and make him monwealth by diuers princes. There be some that their nature that abhors insincerity and constraint ; ridiculous, sometimes to expose the defects of his pertell an old fable, that this treasure was brought to with many other insufferable topics of the same al- son or understanding; on all which occasions he is Venice by foure riche merchants, two of which titude.

obliged not to be angry, to avoid the imputation of thinking it vnfit the treasure should haue so many Of such mighty importance every man is to him- uot being able to take a jest. It is admirable to owners, resolved to poison the other two, which two self, and ready to think he is to others, without once observe one who is dexterous at this art, singling out (not knowing the determination of their companions) making this easy and obvious reflexion, that his affairs a weak adversary, getting the laugh on his side, and purposed the same likewise of their part, so that they can have no more weight with other than theirs then carrying all before him. The French, from were poisoned all foure, and died without heires; have with him; and how little that is, he is sensible whom we borrow the word, have a quite different idea whereupon, the Seigniorie of Venice seazed on all enough.

of the thing, and so had we in the polite age of our the wealth which they had left; and this (they say) Where company hath met, I often have observed fathers. Raillery was to say something that at first is signified by the four Images of porphirie that stand two persons discover, by some accident, that they appeared a reproach or reflexion, but by some turn by the great gate of the common palace embracing were bred together at the same school or university; of wit, unexpected and surprising, ended always in a one another. This the Author of that little booke after which the rest are condemned to silence, and to compliment, and to the advantage of the person it saith. This treasure they vse to set out at shew listen while these two are refreshing each other's was addressed to.

And surely one of the best rules euery yeare at certaine solemne feasts, upon the memory with the arch tricks and passages of them- in conversation is, never to say a thing which any of great Altar in St Mark's church; and I doe not think selves and comrades.

the company can reasonably wish we had rather left that in all those countries which we call Christen- I know a great officer of the army, who will sit for unsaid ; nor can there anything be well more condom, there is any so rich, although that of St Denys, some time with a supercilious and impatient silence, trary to the ends for which people meet together, in France, be very faire, marueilous rare, and of full of anger and contempt for those who are talking, than to part unsatisfied with each other or them

at length of a sudden demand audience, decide the selves.
matter in a short dogmatical way; then withdraw There are two faults in conversation which appear

within himself again, and vouchsafe to talk no more, very different, yet arise from the same root, and are SPECIMENS OF CELEBRATED

until his spirits circulate again to the same point. equally blameable; I mean an impatience to intera AUTHORS. There are some faults in conversation which none

rupt others, and the uneasiness of being interrupted are so subject to as the men of wit, nor ever so much

ourselves. The two chief ends of conversation are to SWIFT.--(SECOND SPECIMEN.) as when they are with each other. If they have

entertain and improve those we are among, or to His Admirable Essay on Conversation, opened their mouths without endeavouring to say a

receive those benefits ourselves, which whoever will witty thing, they think it so many words lost. It is consider, cannot easily run into either of these two I Have observed few obvious subjects to have been so a torment to the hearers as much as to themselves, to

errors; because when any man speaketh in company, seldom, or at least so slightly handled, as this; and, see them upon the rack for invention, and in per

it is to be supposed that he doth it for his hearer's indeed, I know few so difficult to be treated as it petual constraint with so little success. They must

sake, and not his own; so that common discretion will ought, nor yet upon which there seemeth so much do something extraordinary, in order to acquit them

teach us not to force their attention if they are not to be said.

selves, and answer their character, else the standers willing to lend it; nor, on the other side, to interMost things pursued by men for the happiness of by may be disappointed, and be apt to think them rupt him who is in possession, because that is the public or private life, our wit or folly have so refined only like the rest of mortals. I have known two

grossest manner to give the preference to our own that they seldom exist but in idea ; a true friend, a

men of wit industriously brought together, in order good sense. good marriage, a perfect form of government, with to entertain the company, where they have made a

There are some people whose good manners will some others, require so many ingredients so good in very ridiculous figure, and provided all the mirth at

not suffer them to interrupt you; but, what is almost their several kinds, and so much niceness in mixing their own expense.

as bad, will discover abundance of impatience, and lie them, that for some thousands of years men have de

I know a man of wit* who is never easy but where

upon the watch until you have done, because they spaired of reducing their schemes to perfection. he can be allowed to dictate and preside; he neither

have started something in their own thoughts which But, in conversation it is, or might be, otherwise; expecteth to be informed or entertained, but to dis

they long to be delivered of. Meantime they are so for here we are only to avoid a multitude of errors,

far from regarding what passes, that their imaginawhich, although a matter of some difficulty, may be play his own talents. His business is to be good company, and not good conversation ; and therefore he

tions are wholly turned upon what they have in rein any man's power, for want of which it remaineth chuseth to frequent those who are content to listen,

serve, for fear it should slip out of their memory; and as mere an idea as the other. Therefore, it seemeth and profess themselves his admirers. And, indeed,

thus they confine their invention, which might otherto me that the truest way to understand conversation the worst conversation I ever remember to have

wise range over a hundred things full as good, and is, to know the faults and errors to which it is subheard in my life, was that at Will's Coffee House,

that might be much more naturally introduced. ject, and from thence erery man to form maxims to where the wits ( as they were called) used formerly to

There is a sort of rude familiarity, which some himself whereby it may be regulated; because it re

assemble; that is to say, five or six men who had writ people, by practising among their intimates, have inquireth few talents to which most men are not born,

troduced into their general conversation, and would or at least may not acquire without any great genius plays, or at least prologues, or had share in a miscelor study. For nature hath left every man a capacity their trifling composures, in so important an air, as if is a dangerous experiment in our northern climate,

have it pass for innocent freedom or humour, which lany, came hither, and entertained one another with of being agreeable, though not of shining in com

where all the little decorum and politeness we have pany; and there are an hundred men sufficiently they had been the noblest efforts of human nature,

or that the fate of kingdoms depended on them ; and are purely forced by art, and are so ready to lapse qualified for both, who by a very few faults, that

they were usually attended with an humble audience into barbarity. This, among the Romans, was the they might correct in half an hour, are not so much

of the young students from the inns of court, or of raillery of slaves, of which we have so many instances as tolerable. the universities, who, at due distance, listened to

in Plautus. It seemeth to have been well introduced I was prompted to write my thoughts on this sub- these oracles, and returned home with great con

among us by Cromwell, who, by preferring the scum ject by mere indignation, to reflect that so useful and

tempt for their law and philosophy, their heads filled of the people, made it a court-entertainment, of innocent a pleasure, so fitted for every period and with trash, under the name of politeness, criticism,

which I have heard many particulars, and considercondition of life, and so much in all men's power, and belles-lettres.

ing all things were turned upside down, it was reashould be so much neglected and abused.

By these means, the poets, for many years past,

sonable and judicious : although it was a piece of And in this discourse, it will be necessary to note

were all over-run with pedantry. For, as I take it, policy found out to ridicule a point of honour in the those errors that are obvious, as well as others which the word is not properly used; because pedantry

other extreme, when the smallest word misplaced are seldom observed; since there are few so obvious is the too frequent or unseasonable obtruding our

among gentlemen ended in a duel. or acknowledged, into which most men, some time or own knowledge in common discourse, and placing

There are some men excellent at telling a story, other, are not apt to run.

too great a value upon it; by which definition men of and provided with a plentiful stock of them, which For instance: nothing is more generally exploded the court or the army may be as guilty of pedantry they can draw out upon occasion in all companies ; than the folly of talking too much; yet I rarely as a philosopher or a divine; and it is the same vice and, considering how long conversation runs now remember to have seen five people together where in women, when they are over-copious upon the among us, it is not altogether a contemptible talent. some one among them hath not been predominant subject of their petticoats, or their fans, or their However, it is subject to two unavoidable defects; in that kind, to the great constraint and disgust of china. For which reason, although it be a piece of frequent repetition, and being soon exhausted, so all the rest.' But, among such as deal in multitudes prudence, as well as good manners, to put men upon

that whoever valucth this gift in himself, hath need of words, none are comparable to the sober delibe- talking on subjects they are best versed in, yet that of a good memory, and ought frequently to shift his rate talker, who proceedeth with much thought and is a liberty a wise man could hardly take; because, company, that he may not discover the weakness of caution, maketh his preface, brancheth out into seve- besides the imputation of pedantry, it is what he

his fund; for those who are thus endowed, have selral digressions, findeth a hint that putteth him in would never improve by.

dom any other revenue, but live upon the main mind of another story, which he promiseth to tell This great town is usually provided with some

stock. you when this is done; cometh back regularly to his player, mimic, or buffoon, who hath a general recep

Great speakers in public are seldom agreeable in subject; cannot call to mind some person's name, tion at the great tables ; familiar and domestic with private conversation, whether their faculty be natuholdeth his head, complaineth of his memory; the

ral, or acquired by practice and often-venturing. Nas company all this while in suspense; at length says,

* Probably Addison.-ED.

tural elocution, although it may seem a paradox,

TO

usually springeth from a barrenness of invention and of

what utility is this?” A philosopher will answers words, by which men who have only one stock of

THE FALL OF THE RHINE AT

when a sage will be silent," Man, my good sir, notions upon every subject, and one set of phrases to

SCHAFFHAUSEN.

lives not on bread alone. He has more dignified express them in, swim upon the superficies, and offer

wants. While with trembling rapture he glances at themselves upon every occasion ; therefore, men of (From the Travels of Count Frederick Stolberg,

nature in all her greatness, he can connect the utility much learning, and who know the compass of a translated by Holcroft. The reader having lately of a thread-mill with the sublimity of a cataract.” language, are generally the worst talkers on a sudden,

seen accounts of the Rhine from the pen of an until much practice hath inured and emboldened them, English lady, may like to have a taste of it from a because they are confounded with plenty of matter, variety of notions, and of words which they cannot native German. Stolberg was an enthusiasť of the

Pride and Stinginess.--No association is more comreadily choose, but are perplexed and entangled by Klopstock school, and became a Catholic. He and

mon than pride and stinginess. We take from natoo great a choice, which is no disadvantage in pri- his brother Christian were both distinguished among saries, what we lavish upon opinion. One man

ture from real pleasures, nay from the stock of necesvate conversation; where, on the other side, the

the German literati. Of this family was the consort adorns his palace at the expense of his kitchen; talent of haranguing is of all others the most insup of Prince Charles Edward, the last Pretender, the another prefers a fine service of plate to a good dinportable.

ner; a third makes a sumptuous entertainment, and Nothing hath spoiled men more for conversation lady who, after his death, is understood, we believe,

starves himself the rest of the year. When I see a than the character of being wits; to support which, to have been privately married to the celebrated side-board richly decorated, I expect the wine to be they never fail of encouraging a number of followers dramatic poet, Alfieri.]

very indifferent. How often in the country, when and admirers, who lift themselves in their service,

we breathe the fresh morning air, are we tempted by wherein they find their accounts on both sides by The Rhine near Schaffhausen is very beautiful, the prospect of a fine garden! We rise early, and by pleasing their mutual vanity. This hath given the and Aows over beds of rocks. In former times there walking gain a keen appetite, which makes us wish former such an air of superiority, and made the latter certainly were warehouses here, for merchandize, for breakfast. Perhaps the domestic is out of the so pragmatical, that neither of them are well to be brought down the stream from Bunden, Lindau, way, or provisions are wanting, or the lady has not endured. I say nothing here of the state of dispute Constance, and other parts. The goods were un- given her orders, and you are tired to death with and contradiction, telling of lies, or of those who are Joaded here because of its vicinity to the fall of the waiting. Sometimes people prevent your desires, troubled with the disease called the wandering of the Rhine. From these the town took its name. In the and make you a very pompous offer of everything, thoughts, that they are never present in mind at what Switzerland, Swabian, and Austrian districts, the upon condition that you accept of nothing. You passeth in discourse; for whoever labours under any of these possessions, is as unfit for conversation as a word Schoffen signifies to buy and sell.

must fast till three o'clock, or breakfast with the madman in Bedlam.

In the afternoon we visited the fall of the Rhine. tulips. I remember to have walked in a very beauI think I have gone over most of the errors in conOh, that I could give you an idea of this spectacle !

tiful park, which belonged to a lady, who, though versation that have fallen under my notice to me

But description, imagery, recollection itself, all sink extremely fond of coffee, never drank any but when under the task. I saw it three times, and my as

it was at a very low price; yet she very liberally mory, except some that are merely personal, and others too gross to need exploding, such as lewd or tonishment at the last time was as great as at the

allowed her gardoner a salary of a thousand crowns. first. profane talk; but I pretend only to treat the errors

It amazed me now, when a man, as much as

For my part, I should chuse to have tulips less finely of conversation in general, and not the formal subjects it had done when I was a youth.

variegated, and to drink coffee whenever my appetite

called for it.- Rousseau. of discourse, which would be infinite. Thus we see

I appear to have said something, and yet I have how human nature is most debased by the abuse of said nothing, when I relate, that the broad stream,

CORRESPONDENTS. that faculty, which is held the great distinction be

among bold cliffs, overgrown with trees, collects its tween men and brutes; and how little advantage we

waters in a prodigious mass; which, though dis. CORDIAL thanks to the Greenock Intelligencer. We make of that which might be the greatest, most turbed here and there, rises in circles of translucent

are glad also to see that we are not unwelcome to lasting, and the most innocent as well as useful plea- green; and with thundering din, and raging impetusure of life.

the abundant and most miscellaneous pages of the In default of which we are forced to

osity, dividing itself into three unequal cataracts, take up with those poor amusements of dress and dashes headlong against the rock below; that dar- Liverpool Albion. visiting; or the more pernicious ones of play, drink, ingly resists the ungovernable fury of the torrent. The Musings on a Stone are highly creditable to and vicious amours, whereby the nobility and gentry Daring, and dignified; yet not unchastized; as the

the writer's youth ; but somewhat too young at preof both sexes are entirely corrupted both in body and deep cavities in its bed, and its perforated sides, too mind, and have lost all notions of love, honour, friend- plainly show.

sent for our columns. G. F.'s compositions do him ship, generosity, which, under the name of fopperies, On the lowest of these high shores, to the right of equal credit on another score, not rendering them, have been for some time laughed out of doors. the waterfall, in the territory of Schaffhausen, stands

however, available for our purposes. This degeneracy of conversation, with the perni- a thread-mill. Opposite to this, in the district of Could Christie's Will be shortened ? cious consequences thereof upon our humours and the Canton of Zurich, and on a very high rock, the

The Proprietor of the Hall of Universal Infor. dispositions, hath been owing, among other causes, to

castle of Laufen is built. the custom arisen, for some time past, of excluding

mation gives us capital reason for attending to his

A stranger is first taken beside the thread mill; women from any share in our society, farther than in where he is suddenly surprised ; and his astonish

instruction, in saying that he likes us, and has our. parties at_play or dancing, or in the pursuit of an ment pleasingly yet terribly excited. He is then Journal regularly lying on his table; but we fear he

I take the highest period of politeness in led by a small winding path round the foot of the would bring the formidable foot of the Stamp Office England, (and it is of the same date in France) to hill, to a circular basin of the stream; and, being have been the peaceable part of King Charles the there placed opposite to the waterfall, he learns, that

upon us. First's reign; and from what we read of those times, the cataract, at which he has been amazed, is formed

We were unable to attend to J. N. at the moment, as well as from the accounts I have formerly met only by the shores and a rock that projects out of but will diligently consider his letter. Also the with from some who lived in that court, the methods the stream, which constitutes about a fifth part of the communications of J. D. and D. G.

W. R. next then used for raising and cultivating conversation waterfall.

week. were altogether different from ours; several ladies

Here he perceives the whole stream compressed whom we find celebrated by the poets of that age, between its rocky shores and three insulated cliffs.

The letter of Mr W. L. R. was as welcome to us, had assemblies at their houses, where persons of the He is then taken into a small boat, passes the cata

as he will see his verses were. We shall not fail to best understanding, and of both sexes, met to pass the evenings in discoursing upon whatever agreeable sub- of Zurich. Here, below the castle of Lanfer, is a

ract on the dancing waves, and is landed on the side notice the subject he mentions. jects were occasionally started; and although we are scaffolding built over the waterfall. You are obliged

We shall duly consider the commendations of apt to ridicule the sublime platonic notions they had,

W. G-y, who has our best thanks. to wait some short time, till a small door is opened ; or personated, in love and friendship, I conceive their the key of which is kept in the castle ; standing

We should like to have found room for the face. refinements were grounded upon reason, and that a immediately over the stream, and listening to its little grain of romance is no ill ingredient to preserve

tious legalities of our friend John Capias (whether and exalt the dignity of human nature, without which gulph. The imagination, overpowered, is dreadfully

thunder. You then look down upon the terrific he intended them for publication or not) but fear that. it is apt to degenerate into everything that is sordid, persuaded that it shall be hurried into the deep. No

some of our readers would take them for another and a vicious, and low. If there were no other use in the conversation of ladies, it is sufficient that it would possible idea can be formed of the force of the water; too-long advertisement of our Supplements. He is

or of the resistless violence with which it rushes, lay a restraint upon those odious topics of immodesty The poet Leng standing here, struck his thigh, and

informed that three of the Supplements have now and indecencies, into which the rudeness of our

been published, and are to be had at all the usual northern genius is so apt to fall. And therefore, it exclaimed, Hier ist eine Wasserhölle ! (Here's a water-hell!)

places. is observable in those sprightly gentlemen about town,

After a fall thus rapid, the water is projected back

If the correspondent who sent us an extract from who are so very dexterous at entertaining a vizored mask in the park or the playhouse, that, in the com- to a great height, forming a cloud, white and dense

our columns, accompanied with the mention of a late pany of ladies

eminent poet, is an honest man, we are sorry both virtue and honour, they are silent as the smoke of a forge, which conceals all beyond it.

for the mistake under which he labours, and for the and disconcerted, and out of their element. Every bush on the rocky shores is dripping; when

deduction which he implies from it. It has been There are some people who think they sufficiently froth and the rising vapours. the sun shines, the colours of the rainbow play in the

contradicted repeatedly, especially by the Editor ; &cquit themselves, and entertain their company with

and as to what bitterness might still remain from his the relating of facts of no consequence, nor at all out No spectacle of nature ever so fixed and seized treatment by the critics, our correspondent overlooks of the road of such common incidents as happen every upon my mind as this. My Sophia trembled and the whole tone of this Journal, and the objects which day; and this I have observed more frequently among turned pale. My young son gazed in silent admira- it manifestly has in view. Besides, we have tho. the Scots than any other nation, who are very care- tion at the stream; for the clouds of spray, conceal- roughly discussed the spirit of that matter elsewhere, ful not to omit the minutest circumstances of time or ing all around, it was the only visible object. We and distinctly settled it on a footing, which would place; which kind of discourse, if it were not a little stood motionless, in a fearful, yet holy trance. I have been approved by the excellent and generous relieved by the uncouth terms and phrases, as well seemed as if I infinitely felt the præsens numen ; the as accent and gesture, peculiar to that country, would divinity, present and active. while recollecting the

An extract from the “ Parterre" next week. be hardly tolerable. It is not a fault in company to

manifest omnipotence of God, I was overpowered talk much; but to continue it long is certainly one; with the sensation of his all-merciful love. It ap

We were not aware of the welcome loan of the

“ Mirror of the Month” till just before the receipt for, if the majority of those who are got together be peared as if the glory of the Lord passed before me;

of the second letter. naturally silent or cautious, the conversation will flag, and I scarcely could forbear falling on my face and unless it be often renewed by one among them, who exclaiming—“ Oh, Lord God, how gracious and

The verses sent us by J. S. do not do so much jus.

tice to his talent as his prose. can start new subjects, provided he doth not dwell benevolent art thou!" upon them, but leaveth room for answers and replies. We had proceeded a considerable way on our return, Squalliana Freckle should turn her fancy to plea

amour.

poet himself.

before we broke silence. It was not till our strong feelings began to cool that we had a transient recollection of the philosopher, who, while beholding LONDON: Published by H. HOOPER, 13, Pall Mall East. the fall of the Rhine, asked, with cold apathy, “ Of From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REYNEL:, Little Pulteney-street

santer account.

LONDON JOURNAL.

TO ASSIST THE ENQUIRING, ANIMATE THE STRUGGLING, AND SYMPATHIZE WITH ALL.

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 1834.

No. 27.

PRICE THREE Halfpence.

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grits or water gruel, with a lump of butter in it. been traced : we mean, the smallness of its stature, FAIRIES.

In other countries, as in England of old, he aspires to and the supposition at one time prevailing, that it The word Fairy, in the sense of a little miniature

a cream bowl. Hear our great poet, who was as fond was little better than a devil. It is remarkable also, being, is peculiar to this country, and is a southern

of a rustic supper as any man, and has recorded his that inasmuch as the northern mythology is traceappellation applied to a northern idea. It is the Fee roasting chesnuts with his friend Diodati.

able to the Eastern invaders of Europe, our Fairies and Fata of the French and Italians; who mean by

may have issued out of those same mountains of Cau

Then to the spicy nut-brown ale, it an imaginary lady of any sort, not of necessity

With stories told of many a feat,

casus, the great Kaf, to which we are indebted for small, and generally of the human size. With us, How faery Mab the junkets eat;

the Peries and Genii. The Pygmies were supposed it is the Elf of our northern ancestors, and means She was pinch'd and pull’d, she sed ;

by the ancients to people the two ends of the earth,

And he, by friar's lantern led; exclusively the little creature inhabiting the woods

Tells how the drudging Goblin swet,

northern and southern, where the growth of nature and caverns, and dancing on the grass.

To earn his cream-bowl duly set,

was faint and stunted. In the north they were inhaThe progress of knowledge, which humanizes When in one night, ere glimpse of morn, bitants of India, the cranes their enemies being everything, and enables our fancies to pick and His shadowy fail hath thresh'd the corn,

Scythians: in the other quarters, they were found by choose, has long rendered the English fairy a harm.

That ten day-labourers could not end ;
Then lies him down the lubbar fiend,

Hercules in the desert, where they assailed him with less being, rarely seen of eye, and known quite as

And, stretch'd out all the chimney's length, their bows and arrows, as the Lilliputians did Gullimuch, if not more, through the pleasant fancies of Basks at the fire his hairy strength ;

ver, and were carried off by the smiling demigod, in the poets, than the earthier creed of the common

And crop-ful out of door he fings,

the skin of his lion. Odin, the supposed Scythian

Ere the first cock his matin rings. people. In Germany also, the Fairy is said to have

Thus done the tales, to bed they creep,

or Tartar, is thought to have been the importer of become a being almost entirely benevolent. But

By whispering winds soon lulld asleep. the northern fables. His wandering countrymen, of among our kinsmen of the north, the Swedes and

the crane region, may have a nigher personal acquaint

This gigantifying of Robin Goodfellow is a sin Danes, and especially the insular races of Iceland and

ance with the little people of the north, than is supRugen, the old opinions appear to be in force; and, against the true Fairy religion ; but a poet's sins are generally speaking, the pigmy world may be divided apt to be too agreeable not to be forgiven.* The posed. In the tales now extant among the Calmue

Tartars, and originating it seems in Thibet, menfriar with his lantern, is the same Robin, whose into four classes. First, the White or Good Fairies, who live abore pranks he delighted to record even amidst the statelytion is made of certain little children encountered by solemnities of Paradise Lost,-philosophizing upon

a wandering Khan in a wood, and quarrelling about ground, dancing on the grass, or sitting on the leaves

“ an invisible cup.” The Khan tricks them of it the nature of the Ignis Fatuus, that he might have of trees--the Fairy of our poets. They are fond of an excuse for bringing him in.

in good swindling style; and proceeding onwards sun-shine, and are etherial little creatures.

meets with certain Tchadkurs or evil spirits, quarSecond, the Dark or Under-ground Fairies (the In tangles, and made intricate seein straight,

Lead then, said Eve. He, leading, swiftly rollid

relling about some “boots of swiftness,” of which Dwarfs, Trolls, and Hill-folk of the continent), an To mischief swift. Hope elevates, and joy

he beguiles them in like manner. irritable race, workers in mines and smithies, and Brightens his crest ; as when a wandering fire, Compact of unctuous vapour, which the night

These may be chance coincidences; but these fictions doing good or evil offices, as it may happen. Condenses, and the cold environs round,

are not of so universal a nature as most; and we Third, the House or Homestead Fairy, our Puck, Kindled through agitation to a flame,

cannot help regarding them as corroborations of the Robin Goodfellow, Hobgoblin, &c. (the Nis of Which oft, they say, some evil spirit attends,

Eastern rise of our fablers of the north. We take Denmark and Norway, the Kebold of Germany, the Hovering and blazing with delusive light, Brownie of Scotland, and Tomtegubbe, or Old Man Misleads the amaz'd night-wanderer from his way

this opportunity, before we proceed, of noticing anoTo bogs and mires, and oft through pond or pool;

ther remarkable circumstance in the history of popuof the House in Sweden). He is of a similar temper,

There swallow'd up and lost, from succour far.

lar fictions; which is, that it is doubtful whether the but good upon the whole, and fond of cleanliness, So glister'd the dire Snake.

Greeks had any little beings in their mythology. rewarding and helping the servants for being tidy,

We have remarked more than once, that the belief They regarded the Pygmies as a real people, and and punishing them for the reverse. in supernatural existences round about us is indi.

never seem to have thought of giving them a lift into And fourth, the Water-Fairy, the Kelpie of genous to every country, and as natural as fears and

the supernatural. And it may be observed, that Scotland, and Nick, Neck, Nickel, Nickar, and Nix, hopes. Climate and national character modify it; although the Spaniards have a house-spirit which they of other countries, the most dangerous of all, parts of it may be borrowed ; a people may abound call Duende, and Tasso, in the fever of his dungeon, appearing like a horse, or a mermaid, or a beautiful in it at one time, and outgrow the abuse of it in was haunted with a Folletto, which is the Follet or girl, and enticing people to their destruction. He another ; but wherever human nature is to be found, Lutin of the French, it does not appear that these is supposed by some, however, not to do it out of either in a state of superstitious ignorance, or of ima- southern spirits are of necessity small; still less have ill-will, but in order to procure companions in the ginative knowledge, there the belief will be found those

sunny

nations any embodied system of fairyism. spirits of those who are drowned. with it, modified accordingly.

Their Fairies are the cuchantresses of romance. All the Fairies have qualities in common; and We shall not trouble ourselves, therefore, with

Little spirits appear to be of the country of little for the most part, eat, drink, marry, and are governed attempting to confine the origin of the Fairies to this people, commented on by their larger neiglıbours. like human beings; and all without exception are or that region. A bird, a squirrel, a voice, a tree

It is true that little shapes and shadows, are seen in thieves, and fond of power. In other words, they nodding and gesticulating in the wind, was sufficient

all countries: but the general tendency of fear is to are like the human beings that invented them. They

to people every one of them with imaginary beings. magnify. Particular circumstances must have created do the same good and ill offices, are subject to the

But creeds may oust creeds or alter them, as inva. a spirit a once petty and formidable. same passions, and are called quid folk and good ders alter a people; and there are two circumstances We are of opinion, with the author of the Fairy neighbours, out of the same feelings of fear or in the nature of the popular Fairy, assignable to that Mythology, that the petty size of the household idols gratitude. The better sort dress in gay clothes of northern mythology, to which the belief itself has of antiquity argues nothing conclusive respecting the green, and are handsome; the more equivocal are

size of the beings they represented. Besides, they

• Robin Goodfellow,' says Warton, 'who is here made a ugly, big-nosed little knaves, round-eyed and hump

were often large as well as small, though the more gigantic spirit, fond of lying before the fire, and called the lubbacked, like Punch, or the figures in caricatures. bar-tirnd, seems to be contounded with the sleepy giant men. domestic of them, or those that immediately pre

tioned in Beanmont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning The latter dress in red or brown caps, which they Pestle, Act iji, Sc. 1, vol. vi, p, 411, edit. 1751. There is a

sided orer the hearthi, were of a size suitable to conhave a great dread of losing, as they must not rest pretty tale of a witch that had the devil's mark about her, venience. The domestic idols of all nations have

God bless us, that had a giant to her son that was called till they get another; and the Hill-folk among them “ Lob-lye-by-the-fire.” Todd's Milton, vol. vi, p. 96. Burton, probably been small, for the like reason. are great enemies to noise. They keep their

in a passage subsequently quoted, tells us, in Speaking of

these fairies, that there is " a bigger kind of them, called promises, because if they did not, the Rugen people with us Hobgoblins and Robin Goodfellows, that would in See an excellent article in the “ Quarterly Review,"

those superstitious times grinde corne for a messe of milke, entitled Antiquities of Nursery Literature. Of similar merit say they would be changed into reptiles, beetles, and

cut wool, or do any manner of drudgery worke." Melanch. and probably by the same bani (which we presume to be other ugly creatures, and be obliged to wander in part i, sec. 2, p. 42, edit. 1632. The ligness arose probably that of Mr Soutbey) is another on the Popular Mythology of

out of the super-human labour; but, though Miiton has the Middle Ages. We cannot refer to the volume, our that shape many years.

The ordinary German maile fine use of the lubbar-fiend with his “ hairy strength," copy bappening to form part of a selection which we Kobold, or House Goblin, delights in a

it is surprising he should have sacrificed the greater wonder made some years ago from a bundic of tho two reigning of the title potent fairy to that of a giant.

Reviews, (From the Steam-Press of C. & W. HEYNELL, Little Pultzacy-strce:.)

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Whether the Lares were supposed to be of greater in countries were other circuñastances disposed the half case was made out for them; and the inhabi

tants of several northern countries are still of opinion stature or not by the learned, it is not impossible fancy to create them: but all the attributes of the that the constant sight of the little imáges generated "little northern beings, its petty stature, its workman- that elves may be saved, and that it is cruel to tell a corresponding notion of the originals. The best ship, its superiority to men in some things, its sim- them otherwise. An author quoted in the Fairy argument against the smallness of these divinities is, plicity and inferiority in others, its supernatural prac- Mythology, (vol. i. p. 136,) has a touching theory that there is no mention of it in books; and yet the tices, and the doubt entertained by its believers on this subject. We are informed in that work, “ that only passage we remember to have met with, imply-' whether it is in the way of salvation, conspire, we the common people of Sweden and thereabouts ing any determinate notion of staturé, is in favour of think, to render the opinion of M. Mallet in his believe in an intermediate class of elves who, when the little. We here give it, out of an old and not " Northern Antiquities "* extremely probable ; vize, they shew themselves, have a handsome human form, very sage author.

that the character of the fairy has been modified by and the idea of whom is connected with a deep feel. “ After the victory had and gotten against the

the feelings entertained by our Gothic and Celtic an- ing of melancholy, as if bewailing a half-quenched Gethes, the Emperor Domitian caused many shewes cestors respecting the little race of the Laplanders, a hope of redemption." - 6 Afzelius is of opinion,” and triumphs to be made, in signe and token of joy; people whom they despised for their timid peaceful- says a note on the passage, “that the superstition and amongst others hee invited publickly to dine with him, all sorts of persons, both noble and unno

ness, and yet could not help admiring for their indus- on this point is derived from the time of the introble, but especially the Senators and Knights of try, and fearing for their magic.

duction of Christianity into the north, and expresses Rome, to whom he made a feast in this fashion. In the Edda, or northern Pantheon, the dwarfs are the sympathy of the first converts with their foreHee had caused a certaine house of al sides to bee

described as a species of beings bred in the dust of fathers, who died without a knowledge of the Repainted black, the pavement thereof was black, so likewise were the hangings, or seelings, the roofs and

the earth, like maggots in a carcase. “ It was indeed," deemer, and lay bound in heathen earth, and whose the wals also black; and within it hee had prepared says the Edda, “in the body of the Giant Ymer, that unhappy spirits were doomed to wander about these

very low room, not unlike a hollow vault or cell, they were engendered and first began to move and lower regions, or sigh within their mounds, till the ful ot' emptie siedges or seats. Into this place he

Jive. At first they were only worms; but by order caused the Senators and Knights, his ghests, to be of the gods, they at length partook both of human great day of redemption,” brought, without suffering any of their pages or at- shape and reason; nevertheless, they always dwell in Our old prose writers scarcely ever mention the tendants to enter in with them. And first of all he subterranean caverns and among rocks.”

Fairies without letting us see how they were concaused a little square piller to be set near to every one of them, upon the which was written the partie's

l'pon this passage, M. Mallet says (under correc

founded with devils, and yet distinguished from name sitting next it; by which there hanged also a

tion of his translator) “We may discover here one of them. “ Terrestrial devils," says Burton, “ are those lamp burning before each seat, in such sort as is used the effects of that ignorant prejudice, which hath Lares, Genii, Faunes, Satyrs, Wood-nymphis, Foliots, in sepulchers. After this, there comes into this me

made us for so many years regard all arts and handi- Fairies, Robin Goodfellowes, &c. which as they are lancholicke and dark place a number of yong pages,

crafts as the occupation of mean people and slaves. most conversant with men, so they do them the most with great joy and merriment, siarke naked, and Our Celtic and Gothic ancestors, whether Germans,

harm. Some think it was they alone that kept the spotted or painted all over with a die or colour as Scandinavians, or Gauls, imagining there was some

heathen people in awe of old, and had so many idols blacke as inke: who, resembling these spirits called thing magical, and beyond the reach of man in and temples erected to them. Of this range was Manes, and such like idols, did leape and skip round

mechanic skill and industry, could scarcely believe Dagon among the Philistines, Bel among the Babyabout those Senators and Knights, who, at this un

that an able artist was one of their own species, or lonians, Astarte among the Sydonians, Baal among expected accident, were not a little frighted and descended from the same common origin. This, it

the Samaritans, Isis and Osiris among the Egyptians, afraid. After which, those pages set them down at must be granted, was a very foolish conceit; but let

&c.

Some put our Fairies into this rank, which their feete, against each of them one, and there us consider what might possibly facilitate the entrance

have been in former times adored with much superstayed, whilste certaine other persons (ordayned there

of it in their minds. There was perhaps some neighi- stition, with sweeping their houses, and setting of of purpose) did execute with great solemnity all bouring people, which bordered upon the Celtic or a pail of water, good victuals, and the like, and then those ceremonies that were usually fit and requisit at

Gothic tribes; and which, although less warlike than they should not be pinched, but find money in their the funeralls and exequies of the dead. This done, themselves, and much inferior in strength and sta- shoes, and be fortunate in their enterprises. These there came in others, who brought and served in, in

ture, might yet excel them in dexterity; and addict- are they that dance on greens and heaths, as Lavater black dishes and platters, divers meats and viands, all ing themselves to the manual arts, might carry on thinks with Tritemius, and as Olaus Magnus adds, coloured black, in such sort that there was not any

commerce with them, sufficiently extensive to have leave that green circle which commonly we find in one in the place but was in great doubt what would

the fame of it spread pretty far. All these circum- plains and fields, which others hold to proceed from a become of him, and thought himself utterly undone,

stances will agree well enough with the Laplanders, meteor falling, or some accidental rankness of the supposing he should have his throat cut, onely to give who are still as famous for their magic, as remarkable ground; so Nature sports herself; they are somepleasure and content to the Emperour. Besides,

for the lowness of their stature; pacific even to a de- times seen by old women and children. Hierom there was kept the greatest silence that could be gree of cowardice, but of a mechanic industry which Pauli, in his description of the city of Bercino (in imagined. And Domitian himself being present,

formerly must have appeared very considerable. The Spain), relates how they have been familiarly seen did nothing else but (without ceasing) speake and stories that were invented concerning this people,

near that town, about fountains and hills. Giraldus talke unto them of murthers, death, and tragedies.

passing through the mouths of so many ignorant re- Cambrensis gives instance in a monk in Wales that In the end, the Emperour having taken his pleasure lators, would soon acquire all the degrees of the mar

was so deluded. Paracelsus reckons up many places of them at the full, le caused their pages and lackies,

vellous, of which they were susceptible. Thus the in Germany, where they do usually walk in little which attended them without the gates, to come in

dwarfs soon became (as all know, who have dipt courts some two foot long." unto them, and so sent them away home to their own

but a little into the ancient romances) the forgers of “Our mothers' maids have so frayed us,” says gallant houses, some in coches, others in horselitters, guided

enchanted armour, upon which neither swords nor Reginald Scot, “with Bul-beggars, Spirits, Witches, and conducted by strange and unknown persons,

conjurations could make any impression. They were Urchens, Elves, Hags, Fairies, Satyrs, Pans, Fauns, which gave them as great cause of fear as their for. possessed of caverns, full of treasure intirely at their Syrens, Kit with the Canstik, Tritons, Centaurs, mer entertainment. And they were no sooner arrived

own disposal. This, to observe by the by, hath given Dwarfs, Giants, Imps, Calcars, Conjurors, Nymphes, everyone to his own house, and had scant taken birth to one of the cabalistic doctrines, which is per- Changelings, Incubus, Robin Goodfeliows, the breath from the feare they had conceived, but that haps only one of the branches of the ancient northern

Spoon, the Mare, the Man in the Oak, the Hellone of their servants came to tell them, that there

theology As the dwarfs were feeble, and but of wain, the Fire-drake, the Puckle, Tom Thumb, were at the gates certaine which came to speake with small courage, they were supposed to be crafty, full

Hobgoblin, Tom Tumbler, Boneless,* and other such them from the Emperour. God knows how this of artifice and deceit. This, which in the old ro

Bugs, that we are afraid of our own shadows: insomessage made them stirre, what excessive lamenta.

mances is called disloyalty, is the character always much that some never fear the devil but in a dark tions they made, and with how exceeding feares they

given of them in those fabulous narratives. All these night; and then a polled sheep is a perilous beast, were perplexed in their minds; there was not any,

fancies having received the seal of time and universal and many times is taken for our Father's soul, espeno, not the hardiest of them all, but thought that hee

consent, could be no longer contested, and it was the cially in a churchyard, where a right hardy man was sent for to be put to death. But to make

business of the poets to assign a fit origin for such heretofore scant durst pass by night but his hair short, those which were to speake with them from

ungracious beings. This was done in their pretended would stand upright.”+ the Emperour, came to no other purpose but to bring

rise from the dead carcase of a great giant. The them either a little piller of silver, or some such like

dwarfs at first were only the maggots, engendered In consequence of this opinion in the popular vessel or piece of plate (which had beene set before by its putefaction : afterwards the gods bestowed Mythology, the merry and human-like Fairies durthem at the time of their entertainment); after

upon them understanding and cunning, By this ing a degrading portion of the history of Europe, which, everyone of them had also sent unto him, for

fiction the northern warriors justified their contempt a present from the Emperour, one of those pages of them; and at the same time accounted for their

were made tools of, in common with all that was that had counterfeyted those Manes or Spirits at the small stature, their industry, and for their supposed thought diabolical, to worry and destroy thousands of banquet, they being first washed and cleansed before propensity for inhabiting caves and clefts of the miserable people; but it is more than pleasant,-it is they were presented unto them.” rocks. After all, the notion is not everywhere ex

deeply interesting to an observer, to see what an inSpirits of old could become small ; but we read of Tairies, or a kind of dwarfish and tiny beings, of stinctive impulse there is in human beings to resist none that were essentially little except the fairies. human shape, remarkable for their riches, their indus

There is a personage in Eastern history, who appears It was a Rabbinical notion, that angelical beings try, and their malevolence. In many countries of the

to have been of kin to this grim phenomenon. He was a could render themselves as small as they pleased; a

north, the people are still firmly persuaded of their sorcerer of the name of Setteiab. He is described as

existence. In Ireland, at this day, the good folks having his head in his boson, and as being destitute of bone fancy of which Milton has not scrupled to avail him

shew the very rocks and hills, in which they main. in every part of his body, with the exception of his skull self in his Pandemonium. * It was proper enough tain that there are swarms of these small subterranean

and the ends of his fingers. It was only when he was in a

rage that he could sit up, anger having the effect of swelling to the idea of a being made of thought or fire; men, of the most tiny size, but most delicate figures. him; but he could at no time be made to stand on his feet. though one would think it was easier to make it ex- When Christianity came into the north, these

When it was necessary to move him from place to place,

they folded him like a mantle; and when there was occapand like the genius when let loose, than be con

little people, who had formed part of the national sion to consult him in the exercise of his profession, it was tracted into the jar or vial in the first instance. But faith, were converted by the ordinary process into

the practice to roll him backwards and forwards on the

floor, like a churning-skin, till the answer was obtained. if spirits went in and out of crevices, means, it was devils; but the converts could never heartily enter See Major Price's Essay towards the History of Arabia

antecedent to the Birth of Mohammed, p. 196. thought, must be taken to enable them to do so; and

into the notion. Accordingly in spite of the endeathis may serve to account for the fairies themselves, vours of the clergy (which it is said, have been more

+ The list of the unclean spirits in Middleton's tragi

comedy of the Witch, is closely copied from the passage in or less exerted in vain to this day), a sort of half and Reginald Scot.-See the Speech of Hecate. * Milton's reduction of the size of his angels is surely a

Urchins, elves, hags, satires, pans, fauns, silence. superfluity, and diminishes the grandeur of their meeting.

Northern Antiquities, translated from Monsieur Mal- Kit with the candlestick; tritons, centaurs, dwarfs, inps, It was one of the rare instances (theology apart) in which let's Introduction l'Histoire de Dannemarc, c.

The spoon,

the mare, the man i'th'oak, the helwain vol. ij. p. 42,

The fire-drake, the puckle. his learning betrayed his judgment.

the growth of the worst part of superstition, and pure source, till its arrival at its melancholy “slough

AN AGED POET AND HIS YOUNG vindicate nature and natural piety. Do but save of Despond."

ENTHUSIAST. mankind from taking intolerance for God's will,

She was tall, with noble features, a dark com

[From the Characteristics of Goethe,translated by and exalting the impatience of being differed with plexion, and the largest hazel-eye I ever saw ; or,

Mrs Austen.] into a madness, and you may trust to the natural

perhaps, it was her wasted cheek that made it appear good-humour of the best of their opinions, for as so—her mass of coal-black hair was immense. Her

Wher Pope was a boy, he was taken, at his desire, favourable à view as possible of all with which they voice was sound, rich and full, and the depression of

to “have a look" at Dryden, and was gratified accan sympathise. Even their madness in that respect spirits under which she evidently laboured, to me,

cordingly, by having his illustrious predecessor is but a perversion of their natural wish to be liked gave additional effect to the ballad she was singing.

shewn to him as he sat in a coffee-house. One canand agreed with. The first thing that men found It was Carter's “O Nanny, wilt thou gang wi' me:”

not help regretting that the old poet could not out in behalf of the Fairies, was that they were a and never did I hear that most beautiful of all ballads

have been made aware of the young one. A simigood deal like themselves : the next was to think better sung. But I would not hear her again! Her lar feeling comes over us in reading the following well of them upon the whole, rather than ill: and language was good, nay polished; her expression letter, for though there is perhaps a little over. when Reginald Scot and others helped us out of this shewed not only a feeling heart, but a cultivated un

conseiousness in it, and protestations of self-insignificloud of folly about witchcraft, the Fairies became derstanding. “Poor girl! Poor girl!" I exclaimed,

cance hardly natural, it is difficult not to expect that brighter than before. In England, the darker as I turned from her; “sad has been thy fall ; but

the writer will turn out an eminent man. notions of them almost entirely disappeared with the thou art like the fabled Philomela, thou art melo- " With what animation and enthusiasm Goethe's bigotries in church and state ; and at the call of the dious even after ruin ! "

aspect, (says the furnisher of the letter), even at a very poets, they came and adorned the books that had

advanced period of his life, inspired the young, may

I walked on briskly, as if to get rid of the feelings be seen in the following very remarkable letter of a done them service, and became synonimous with

she had raised; but it would not do: the melancholy boy of sixteen :pleasant fancies. fall of her full eye, the tones of her voice which,

*Weimar, February 22, 1822. This subject will be concluded next week. though rich, flowed with no free course, still pos- long

ago, but I delayed from time to time, because I

DEAREST FRIEND,,I should have written to you sessed me.

would not write till I had seen Goethe, for a glimpse I had passed on, upon her coming to the

of whom I had so longing a desire. BALLAD SINGERS.

*For two months I walked past his house every day; To the Editor of the London Journal. “ And when thy own true love shall die,” but in vain. It was indeed a great delight to me

even to see his daughter-in-law with her lovely chilI know of no object that makes me more melan- absolutely fearing that her singing of that fine verse

dren at the window; but I wanted to see Goethe choly than “ Ballad Singers.” Many and many a time would make a fool of me in the public street. “ Per- himself. One Sunday I had been taking a walk; my have I stood and contemplated an individual, or a haps,” said I, “ thou wast born of gentle blood, thy way home lay at the back of Goethe's house, by his group of them, till my heart ached ; and quite as often mind has been cultivated, thy very air tells of better garden. The garden gate stood open, and curiosity

tempted me in. Goethe was not in the garden ; but have I hurried past them, absolutely dreading the days.” Fancy was awakened, and ere I got home, had

in a short time I saw his servant come in. I shut. feelings they would create. In the world there is painted her history. Her life, compared with her

the garden gate for fear the man should see me. not a being more in love with song than I am—of song, present state, appeared like the dancing of some

• As I was thinking afterwards very sadly how all that outflowing of the spirit, in which unassisted bright stream on into the Dead Sea! Methought I my endeavours to see Goethe had failed, I suddenly words are too weak to express all the heart feels; that saw her on her father's lawns, sporting in the frolic remarked another garden gate which likewise stood divine voice which Burns sought for and found in the of childhood, listening to the warblers of the bloom

open ; and as I entered at it I soon perceived that this

was the neighbour's garden, the wall of which abutted lovely scenes of nature, in the murmuring stream, the ing shrubs, and soon endeavouring to vie with them

on Goethe's, so that the walks of both were clearly air-waved trees, the warble of birds, nay, in the in their wood-notes wild. I fancied the nascent to be seen from it. The circumstance was so propi. springing flower, the dew-spangled herbage; that talent observed and cultivated. I saw her grow up

tious that I suddenly took courage, and asked the refined feeling which, floating on the breath of me

man to whom this house belonged, whether Goethe the pride of her mother, the paragon of her musical

often walked in his garden, and at what time of day? lody to the heart of hearts, carries with it a power to

instructor, and the delight of the drawing-room. He answered, every day, when the weather was fine: awaken some of the purest and most exalted sensations More than that, I saw the open window, still so the hour, however, was not always the same—that our being is capable of. The force of poetry, of nearly darkened by the intruding honey-suckle as

often at ten o'clock, if the sun was out, the Geheimpainting, of eloquence, is great; but, clothe the almost to exclude the glimpses of the moon; and I

rath (Privy Councillor) was there; but that about

noon, especially, he loved to be in his garden. The beauty of verse in the appropriate notes of melody, heard the rich, round melody of her voice come

old gentleman held, as it seemed, with the hottest of and nothing can exceed the stirring of the best ele- gushing from amidst the flowers, and the song was the sunshine. ments within us. We ascribe song to the angels; we love, and the arm of love encircled her waist, and the Hereupon I questioned the good neighbour far. believe it to be the most acceptable mode of address- ear of love drank in intoxicating draughts of rapture !

ther, to see how he stood disposed, and whether he

would give me permission to visit his garden daily ing the Deity; and the history of the world shews And now, the stately form was bent; the eye, though

for half an hour, that I might see and watch the its various people breathing their most ennobling still beautiful, was like arch-angel fallen, shorn of its great poet—the man whom I so deeply reverenced. feelings, whether of devotion, love, or patriotism, beams; and that voice which had made her pride,

• He answered me, quite indifferently, “ Why not? in the shape of song.

though yet breathing melody, came forth with an - he could have no objection.” It is, however, wonAnd of all songs I love a ballad—the delightful effort which said that the song sprang not from the derful, dear friend, that people must pay a guilmixture of sense with melody, which, passing heart. I shall never forget her Madonna face, nor

der to see a tiger, a bear, or a wild cat, while the

sight of a Great Man, the rarest thing of the world, through the ear to the heart, not only conveys pleasure her voice; and never since has Lord Herbert's kind

is to be had for nothing! I went home full of joy, of the most thrilling kind, but leaves us in that mood

compliment to the beautiful nun appeared extrava- and that night could not close my eyes. best suited to the exercise of individual friendship, or gant.

• It seemed to me as if I, little dwarf as I was, good-will to our fellow men. And yet nothing in- The vulgar herd of singing sailors,—sailors who, in

had suddenly, through this hope of seeing a Great Man, grown a hand's breadth at least.

The mornspires me with a more melancholy feeling than the the words of Dibdin, never “ knew stem from the

ing I thought would never come; the night seemed sight of Ballad Singers. It is not that their notes stern of the ship,”-a

-are not my Ballad Singers; their to me as long as a week, and longer. At length day are "out of tune and harsh;” it is not the vulgar bellowing and state of demi-nudity make no im.

broke, and brought the loveliest spring weather. twang that affects me ; these only reach and offend pression upon me; but there is yet another class, day for Goethe ; and I was not mistaken.

When I saw the sunshine, I thought-this is a fine my ear--'tis the singers'tis the ideas I attach to which, though perhaps equally impostors with these,

It was past ten when I reached the garden. He song that distress me. I see a poor, emaciated wo- I never listen to without pain. I mean the poor was there already, walking up and down. My heart man, with such remains of beauty as tell me she once children, who, encircling some tattered man or wo- beat violently. When I saw him, I thought I bemight be deemed, by some happy lover, “fairest of man, join with their treble voices in the tuneless

held Faust and Gretchen in one person, at once so

gentle and so majestic did he look! I had my eyes the fair." I think of the hours in which she first ditty. There was a wretched man who sang about ever fixed on him, that I might stamp his features exercised that talent by which she is now endeavoura the streets of London for years, with a dreadfully well on my heart.

And thus did I look at him a ing to gain a morsel of bread to support her attenu- hollow voice, appearing to rise from a stomach to

whole houř by the clock, with keen unaverted eyes, ated frame, or perhaps some disabled husband or sick which food had long been a stranger, who was always deed, he lost nothing. When I had thus, as it were,

without his being once aware of me, by which, inchild. I think of the delight with which her parents surrounded by half a dozen of the poorest squalid lost inyself in him, he gave me the slip, and went hailed the first attempts of a voice still good-of the little creatures ; and yet they sang, or attempted to into the house again, and up stairs into his study, applause that attended her song in her cheerful sing with all their might, though their cheeks were

which is quite separate, with windows looking into a

back court. family meetings as she grew up of the blush that pinched by famine, and their uncovered little toes

• Dearest friend, be well assured, Goethe's great. mantled on her brow when first pressed to sing be- were smarting with the cold mud of the street.

ness manifests itself in his whole form and aspect fore the youth she most wished to please; and now, Reader! if thou hast, like me, some little darling He is still hale and active as a man of forty. His I see the downcast look, the labouring breast, the Ellen, whose prattle sounds in thine ear like sweet- majestic gait, his straight and lofty 'forehead, the

noble forın of his head, his fiery eye, arched nosepallid cheek; and I hear the notes falling like drops est melody, O never pass such a group with closed

all about him cries aloud, Faust, Margaret, Götz, of lead, heavy, dull, trembling; the voice attempts to hands! They may be hired, they may be impostors, Iphigenia, Tasso, and I know not what besides. sing, but the heart is frozen, the music will not flow! but they are children, they are helpless, and they look Never did I see so handsome and vigorous a man of I once stood and listened to a street Ballad Singer hungry!

so advanced an age. W. R.

• • I see him, when the weather is fine, daily in his of this, or rather of a superior kind, till I fancied

garden; and that is as great a delight and amuseI could trace her very history through all its wind

ment to me as it is to others to look at busts, and ings; from its bright, sparkling start into light at its

fine pictures, and beautiful engravings. You may

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