صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني
[blocks in formation]


A NEW BOOK WORTH KNOWING. brings before us. This is not to be expected with head. The spectator of this admirable specimen of

intellect and good feeling, which was all necessarily We have been deeply interested in a book just any book or with any readers, till all our under

the thought and act of a moment, had his hand inpublished, intitled • Necessity of Popular Education standings get respectively into completer and more

stinctively in his pocket for a shilling, but was as a National Object; with Hints on the Treatment of harmonious condition. He, and all of us, are doubt- stopped by the teacher, who disowns all inferior Criminals, and Observations on Homicidal Insanity.

less to seek in numberless matters; but with love for motives for acts of kindness and justice. The little By James Simpson, Advocate.' It is printed for his guide, and the substitution of the good of others hero, however, had his reward: for the incident was

related by the teacher in full school, in the presence Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh; and Long- for self-seeking, he surely is in the best way for ac

of the strangers, and was received with several rounds man and Company, London ; and should be in the quiring wisdom as well as imparting it; and when of hearty applause. hands of every friend of his species that can afford we differ from such men, we differ from them with

4. J. J. accused H. S. of having eat up J. J.'s to purchase it.

dinner. To 'many such true readers of respect and hesitation, and delight to see how cal

It was proved by several witnesses that books, we hope, by this announcement, to give it culated such a system is to correct its errors as it H. S. not only appropriated the dinner, but used


The charge being proved to the satisfaction introduction; and extracts shall bring many others goes.

of the jury (the whole school), the same tribunal acquainted with it, whose pockets are not equally

were requested by the teacher to decide what should rich as their hearts. We sec, at page 121, that Mr

One orator I. Incidents to show the good effects of exercising

be the consequences to the convict. Simpson commends our estimable contemporaries,

rose and suggested that, as H. S. had not yet eat his kindness and consideration for others, in opposition

own dinner, he ought to give it to J. J.

This mothe Messrs Chambers, for reprinting in their Journal,

to reckless mischief, hard-heartedness, and cruelty; tion, for the children always welcome any reasonable 6 with the author's consent,” the lectures given by

vices which render the lower orders dangerous and substitute for corporal punishment, was carried by formidable.

acclamation. When one o'clock came, and the Mr Combe, in Edinburgh, on Popular Education. We should be happy to obtain the like honour for

1. Two of the children, brothers, about five and dinner was handed over, coram publico, to J. J., H. S.

four years of age, coming one morning late into was observed by him be in tears, and lingering the • London Journal,' in Mr Simpson's permission school, were to go to their seats without censure, if near his own dinner. They were by this time nearly to avail ourselves, not indeed of the use of his in- they could give an account of what they had been alone, but the teacher was watching the result. The

tears were too much for J. J., who went to H. S., tire work (there is a difference in this respecet be- doing, which should be declared satisfactory by the whole school, who should decide. They stated sepa

threw his arms about his neck, told him not to cry, tween lectures already delivered, and a good-sized rately that they had been contemplating the proceed- but to sit down and take half.

This invitation was original work-not to mention other circumstances), ings of a large caterpillar, and noticing the different of course accepted by H. S., who manifested a great but of the liberty to draw more freely upon his positions of its body as it crossed their path—that it inferiority of character to the other, and furnished an pages than we feel warranted in doing unlicensed.

was now horizontal, and now perpendicular, and pre- example of the blindness of the unjust to the justice There is a good long chapter, for instance, and a

sently curved, and finally inclined, when it escaped of retribution, which they always feel to be mere into a tree.

The master then asked them abruptly, revenge and cruelty. He could not bear to see J. J. very edifying one, which we should like to give Why did you not kill it? The children stared. even sharing his dinner, and told him, with bitterintire, 'On the Effects of Imperfect Education upon

Could you have killed it? asked the teacher. Yes, ness, that he would tell his mother. Weel, weel! the Condition of the Class of the People above Manual

but that would hare been cruel and naughty, and a said the generous child, I'll gie ye'd a' back again. sin against God. The little moralists were ac

Of course the teacher interfered to prevent this gross Labour;' and as we read further (for we have just quitted by acclamation; having, in ants as they

injustice; and, in the afternoon, made their schoolreceived the book, and, at present, have got little were, manifested a character which, were it universal fellows completely aware of the part each had acted. beyond), we see very plainly that our love will be in the juvenile population, would in another gene- It is not easy to render a character like that of H. S. for taking larger draughts of it.

liberal; but a long course of such practice, for preWe should like

ration reduce our penal code to a mass of waste
paper, in one grand department of its bulk. *

cept is impotent in such cases, might much modify to know how far we and our readers may drink.

what in after life would have turned out a selfish, That chapter just mentioned has particularly that he had been occupied about a boy and a girl who

2. The teacher mentioned to the children one day

unjust, and unsocial character. struck us. It helps to show what a quantity of had no father or mother, and whose grandfather and II. Incidents to show the good effects of practically education is wanted even by “the educated,” and grandmother, who took care of them, were bed-rid exercising honesty and truth,—to the end of superhow it becomes us all to look about us, lest our de

and in great poverty. The boy was seven years of seding another branch of criminal jurisprudence. fects of moral training, rendered still more visible age, too old for the Infant School; but some gentle

1. One of the children lost a halfpenny in the men, he said, were exerting themselves to get the play-ground. The mistress was so certain that it by the supposed and ostentatious perfection of our boy into one of the hospitals. Here he purposely would be found and accounted for, that she lent the intellect, should not only be keeping up the old war stopped to try the sympathies of his audience for the

loser a halfpenny. Some time after, when the between our passions and our judgments, but expose girls. He was not disappointed; several little voices incident was nearly forgotten, one of the boys, J. F.,

0! Master! what for no the found a halfpenny in the play-ground, and although us to the amazement of the very infants whom such lassie too? He assured them that the girl was to men as Mr Simpson and Mr Wilderspin are instruct- come to the Infant School, and to be boarded with

no one saw him find it, he brought it at once to the ing, -as they too often do, in fact, already, in our own

teacher. As the latter knew nothing about the loss of him and Mrs Wright; and the intelligence was

a halfpenny already alluded to, it appeared to him homes and families; for children are far shrewder received with loud plaudits.

a halfpenny without an owner; but one of the and more attentive observers than people suppose ;

3. One day, when the children were in the play. children suggested that it must be the lost halfpenny and by no means shut up the eyes of their natural ground, four boys occupied the boys’ circular swing, for which the mistress had given the substitute.

while a stranger gentleman was looking on with the What then shall be done with it? Many voices discernment, purely because we, in our more than teacher. Conscious of being looked at the little fel- answered, The mistress should get it.

The girl childish will, wish them to do so, or run our own lows were wheeling round with more than usual who lost the halfpenny was called out, and at once heads behind some fine fancied veil of sophistry and swiftness and dexterity, when a creature of two or

knew her own.

It was given to her, and she immeinconsistency, itself an exposure.

three years made a sudden dart forward into their diately transferred it to the mistress. The teacher then

very orbit, and in an instant must have been knocked appealed to the whole school. Is that right? Yes, Meantime we have extracted from Mr Simpson's down with great force. With a presence of nind and yes, right, right, was called out by the whole assembook the interesting evidences afforded by the Edin- consideration, and with a mechanical skill, which to blage with much applause and animation. This last

admire most we know not, one of the boys, about five accompaniment of their approbation is strongly conburgh Infant School Society, of the easiness and suc

years old, used the instant of time in which the singu- trasted with the more tranquil and evidently recess of a system of love and candour, in fetching out lar movement was practicable, threw his whole body gretting way in which they condenin, when anything these natural powers of children, and enabling them into a horizontal position, and went clear over the

is wrong. infant's head! But this was not all : in the same wellto teach and govern themselves. The secret is two

2. A penny was found in the play-ground, which

had lain so long as to be mouldy and rusty. fold, and consists , firstly (not in telling them, but) in employed instant, it occurred to him that this movement was not enough to save the little intruder, as he

held up for an owner, but claimed by none. What convincing them, that you desire their good, and not hiinself was to be followed as quick as thought by shall we do with it? Keep it master, keep it. your own power ; and in so habituating them to a

the next swinger. For this he provided, by drop- Why should I keep it? I have no right to it more consideration for others, that, when they, come to ping his own feet to the ground and stopping the

than any one here. This was puzzling to all, till a whole machine, the instant he had cleared the child's judge of their own actions, they do it as third parties.

little girl, not four years old, stood up and said,

Put it in the box. Many voices seconded this O those two grandest of all secrets for making men

* This instance of practical mercy occurred strongly to

excellent motion, and the master referred it to a show loving and true! It scarcely need be observed, that we

my mind one day last spring, in London. When passing of hands; up went every hand in the school, most of do not agree in every item of reasoning or practice as

along a street, I saw several big boys with a live mouse the children showing both hands for a greater cer

at the end of a string. I returned in a few minutes the it arises in Mr Simpson's book, and the examples he same way, and found they basi killed it, and were beating

tainty, and the penny was put into the subscriptionit to atoms with their sticks !!

box amid cheers of animation and delight. From the Steam-Pressof C. & W. REYNELL, Little Pulteney-street.)

It was

my father.

3. Immediately before the vacation in August, a coachman's whip and lash him. This gave training were not a mere show at school, Mr Wright 1830, three boys plucked a few black currants, occasion to another appeal to the children as to the was directed to write a circular note to a large prowhich had ripened on the play-ground wall; fruit injustice of this threatened second punishment, and portion of the parents, requesting their opinion, in and fowers being cultivated to exercise self-denial ended by the threatener being made sensible that all writing, of the improvement of their children attendand refinement in the children. One of the boys present were now against him. As a proof, he said, ing the school, in learning, manners, affection, obekept to himself double the quantity which he vouch- Don't be frightened, Tom, I'll not whip you or tell dience, health, and happiness. Above thirty answers safed to each of the other two, but gave a part to

It appeared that he had been so short a were received, of which we can only give a very few à fourth boy, who had seen the transaction, evi- tine in the school, as not to have becoine imbued as specimens, which we do at random. The originals dently to purchase his silence; but thinking this with the governing principles of the place.

may be seen by any one who chuses, in Mr Wright's hopeless, he took back the gift, and struck the boy 6. A little boy caine to school with his lands hands. It may in general be remarked that there is to give it up, remarking, that as he knew he would covered with paint. He applied to the teacher's a striking agreement among them in a zealous readitell, he, the speaker, need not lose his berries sister to aid him in his extremity, which she did ness to express, in strong terms, their sense of and into the bargain. They all confessed, and ex- effectually by dint of hot water and soap. He pro- gratitude for the advantages their children enjoy at pressed their sorrow, except the striker, decidedly mised to reward her with a halfpenny, whenever he school, and the improvement of their own comfort in in all respects the most guilty, who maintained a

should get one.

She, wishing to try him, asked their intercourse with their children at home. The bold and hardened countenance. The voice of the him some days afterwards if he had forgot his delight of the children in attending school, and affecschool was, however, merciful to them all, which so promise? He answered, No, but that he had put the tion for the teacher, are mentioned in most of them. much affected the last-mentioned offender, that he first halfpenny he had got into the poors' plate at 1. Dear Sir,- I can scarcely express to you how burst into tears. A Clergyman, one of the Directors, church. Having soon after got a halfpenny from a much my children have been benefited by your more was present, whose eye the boy caught, and instantly lady, he rung the teacher's house-bell, and gave the than excellent mode of tuition. Whether the many brushed away his tears, and joined in the hymn money to his creditor, who took it, but, after some

improvements so perceptible in them proceeds from which was sung at the moment. He staid behind days, restored it.

your own qualifications, or from the general system, the rest, assiduously assisted the master to put away

I know not; but this I know, that before my chil. the things, a civility he never showed before, and III. Proofs of the success of the system, in its funda- dren attended the Infant School, they were slow, begged to shake hands with him when he went away. mental principle of governing by Love, and not by dull, and unmanageable; they are now active, lively,

4. P. M. was brought to solemn trial before the Fear, and that consistently with the most perfect and obedient.-I am, &c.
whole school, for keeping up a penny of his weekly
order and discipline.

(Signed) James Forbes.
school fee. After the trial and award, which were 1. The master one day intimated that he wanted
both just and judicious, the teacher asked the school, a number of articles, of a kind which he enumerated, 2. Sir,– I received your letter regarding the opi.
How many of us have been tried now? A voice to illustrate the lessons. He was next day inundated nion I had formed of my son's improvement at the
called out, J. H. has been tried. This was indig- with all sorts of odds and ends, every child bringing Infant School. I beg leave to state, that it has ex-
nantly denied by J. H. The teacher turning to with him something-leather, feathers, cloth, silk, ceeded my utmost expectation; and, in answer to
J. M., asked him if he had ever been tried ? He stones, wood, glass, &c.

your questions, the Infant School System, so far from hung his head and answered, Yes. What was it for? 2. Accidentally saying that he would come and alienating the affections of children to their parents, Master, do you not remember yoursel? I do; but visit his pupils at their own homes, and if he did, it increases them to a high degree, and makes them are you any the better of your trial and punishment? how would they entertain him, the question was an- more obedient, and promotes greatly their health and

I've never stolen since, any how. What was your swered by a burst of hospitality, and the number happiness, and they are greatly benefited by the inreason for not stealing? I listened to the thing in my and variety of the articles of cheer enumerated were structions they receive. I have also to return my breast, and that told me it was a crime.

too much for his gravity. We observed, however, that sincere thanks for your kindness and indulgence to J. M.'s offence had been, watching, all the time of whisky was not among the temptations offered him, them.--I am, &c. school, a penny-piece which had been dropped under in the competition for the preference of his company.

(Signed) E. GRAHAM. the stove, and secretly appropriating it when the 3. A parent came one day to the school, expressly school was dismissed. His confession bore that his to be satisfied on the puzzle, as he said it was to him,

3. Sir, I have the pleasure to inform you that my first purpose was to buy bowls (marbles), but he felt how a schoolmaster could render himself the object child has improved in every respect. The affection so unhappy that he could not make up his mind to of love. His own was always the object of terror ; singular resolution to expend the money in something he and his schoolmates went off in the opposite di- piness of the child is greatly improved and much belook upon what he should purchase, and formed the and, instead of running to him when he appeared of the child is not alienated from its parents: it is

more affectionate and obedient. The healtla and hap. eatable, that he might get it out of his sight! This rection, with the greatest alertness. His boy, he nefited by the instructions received at the school. he did, and gave a share to a schoolfellow. He was said, runs to the master whenever he sees him, and

I am, &c. asked whether his conscience did not upbraid him? is proud to come home and tell that he has shaken

(Signed) James Fogo. He answered, It did not speak very loud at first; hands with Mr Wright; of whom, as well as Mrs but I grew very unhappy, and was happier after I Wright and Maggy, (the latter a worthy of three

4. Dear Sir,- It gives me great satisfaction to was tried and punished. His contrite tears moved years old, the master's child, who sets an example inform you of the rapid progress the child is making the compassion of bis numerous judges, who wished to the whole school, he never ceases to speak.

under your care; indeed, it is wonderful for so short to have spared bim; but this was not adınissible in Mr Wright requested the inquirer to remain and

a time. Owing to your excellent method, she has the circumstances, and a few pats on the hand was see how he treated his scholars. He did so, and the form of corporal punishment allotted him. He witnessed the kindness, the cheerfulness, and the acquired a taste for learning she never could get at

She has forgot her playthings, and if the day was sorely tempted, for he confessed that he kept his fun which never flags, while he saw discipline and is so bad that she cannot go to school, she either eye on the penny-piece for two hours before he obedience at the same time. The children went to took it. the play-ground, and to the amazement of the visi sings us a song, tells us a story, or goes through

part of her school exercises the best way she can by 5. The following incident was communicated by a tor, the teacher ran out, crying, Hare and hounds!

herself. She often mentions some part of scripture, gentleman from England, Dr Harrison Black, who, Hare and hounds! taking the first character on him

I assure you, in company with the Chevalier de Frasans, Judge of self

. He was instantly pursued full cry by the whole although she is only five years old.

Sir, her love and respect for her master are great. Assize under Charles X, witnessed the whole occur- pack round and round the play-ground : at last he was

I think, Sir, all this will give you pleasure to hear, rence :-- The Chevalier de Frasans being present, taken, and worried by an immense act of co-opera- and with good wishes for the improvement of the the master was suddenly called into the play-ground, tion. In his extremity, he rang his hand-bell for in consequence of a cry that one boy had struck school : instantly the hounds quitted their prey,

children, and thanks for what has already been done,

&c. another on the forehead, so as to make the blood rushed into school, the door being scarcely wide

(Signed) CATHERINE ROBERTSON. flow. All the children were immediately called in, eneugh for them, and were, within a minute, as still and inquiry made as to who had been witness of the as a rank of soldiers, seated in their gallery, and busy affair. Those who presented themselves were sent with the multiplication table. The visitor went away,

5. Sir, I am really delighted with my son for his into an adjoining room, and the injured party desired with a shrug, muttering, Na, the like o' that I ne'er intelligence since he went under your tutorage ; and to state his grievance. He simply said that T. B.

I altogether approve of Mr Wilderspin's system of had struck him with a spade (which had for a Many pages might be filled with anecdotes illus.

treating children, and, in my opinion, it is not only moment been left by a workman), and that he did trative of the beneficial effects of the system, in pre

now, but in future years, it will be instilled in his not believe it had been done on purpose. The offend- venting the numerous fears, follies, envyings, discon

memory. And, you, Sir, I am convinced have done ing party being called, said, J. M. had told him he

tents, and prejudices, which render the lower classes your duty, from the affection that he has towards you; could not lift up the spade, and in trying to show so intractable. The superstitious fear of ghosts,

for he is always speaking about Mr Wright, or giving that he could do it, the blow was given. The wit. witches, &c., is practically removed. A person in- and so much I approve of the system, that I am

us a recital of the useful information you give him ; nesses were called in, one by one, and gave their tes- formed Mr Wright that, as he was crossing the going to send another boy of mine as soon as the timony with great clearness, particularly a little church-yard, not without the habitual dread which Quaker girl. They all corroborated the statement from his youth he could not separate from the place,

days get a little longer, and please accept of our best of the accused party. he met a little girl of five years old marching through,

thanks for your attention to our son.--I am, &c. The teacher then asked of the whole assembly of all alone. Was she not afraid? Not a bit: we learn

(Signed) Thomas Watson. children what punishment ought to be awarded ? at the Infant School that ghosts and all that is nonThe general cry was, Three palmies (i. e. three pats

Alldirty, gross, destructive, selfish, and

6. Sir,- With regard to our son's morals, we upon the palm of the band), because that punish. insolent habits are proscribed, and carefully pre

think them very much improved ; for he has a true ment had been a few days before awarded to H. S. vented; and, above all, whisky is held up as the

sense between right and wrong, and the greatness But one boy rose, and exclaimed, No, that is not greatest of curses to society, and many a lesson is taught

and goodness of God. His intellectual parts are as fair, for H. S. told a falsehood about the fault he had of its effects on both mind and body. The children

far advanced as we could expect in the time he has committed, and T. B. did not tell any falsehood. heard, with much indignation, of a crowd in the

been at school, and we by no means think his affecThe justice of this remark seemed to be generally street insulting a poor Turk,--of some boys who

tions alienated from us. As far as our judgment understood; and part only of the punishment was teazed an idiot--of the mob breaking windows on

can direct us, we think it must be a great benefit to determined on. The culprit was then reminded, that, occasion of the illumination, and of the people mal.

society. I am, &c. although the blow had not been given intentionally, treating the doctors for their kindness in trying to

(Signed) James THOMSON. still he had broken a law which forbade all the chil.

cure the cholera. dren to touch the tools of the workmen, and was

Ņ.B. It is unnecessary to give examples of the

Many of the other letters are both well written made sensible that the punishment was not inflicted

Effect of Intellectual Practice, as there is less novelty and worded, and all of them are interesting and because the teacher was angry, but because he, T. B.,

in children being trained to acuteness and sagacity; had broken a law. The truth of this the little offender public, which is not possible, on set occasions, with and much of this is capable of exhibition to the

satisfactory. fully acknowledged to the bystanders, as well as to his master and schoolfellows. The punishment ac

proofs of moral advancement. tually inflicted was a gentle tap upon the hand.

The results in this department, it may, however, be mentioned, are most

One day, says Menage, I had hold of one of Hereupon, a new and unexpected scene arose : the satisfactory.

Madame de Sevignés hands betwixt both mine. offended party, seeing that all around concurred

Upon her drawing it away, M. Pelletier, standing in condemning the offender, cried out, I'll find In order to ascertain that the effects of the moral

by, said, Menage, that is the finest work which ever
came from your hands.

I am,

[ocr errors]




- and say

The sunny



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A BUTTERFLY. could perceive the love which I bore to each flower. rose, floating for hours in the sun-beam, bathing in
For the London Journal.

These beings are too big-they cannot see one hun- the transparent softly-scented dew, watching every
I HAVE outlived three score sunsets and ten.

Sum- dreth part of what goes on around them. I have opening flower, and catching their first sweet breaths mer is no more and her warm honeyed breath I seen them poke their noses into a rose

as they softly sighed forth life-these were but a few find no longer gently resisting the motion of my

“ 'twas sweet,”—but their gross senses cannot taste of my daily pleasures. With what delight I rocked wings, and lifting me from the ground. The flowers,

the intoxication of the odour of a flower and then, upon the taper branches of the lavender, till sleep too, are dead or dying now around me.

like us, reel joyously above it till, overpowered with crept over me! And then came night, and with the beams, in which I floated as in a sea of gold, grow

delight, they sink upon its bosom! The gardener I night the moon, whose beams reflected strange unfainter every day, and every day the sun returns but

always liked (his huge size he could not help) for he wonted beauty alike upon the plainest and the lovefor a shorter period. It is then time that I should

really loved the garden — and long before the sun liest objects. lay my wings at rest, and that the holy sun, whose arose to shine upon the flower-beds and trees, he

But now I come to the most fearful event of my rays have been my life, should now withdraw me would come whistling down the walks. But will it

troubled life. Near where I dwelt there lived a from this vegetable world to dwell for ever in its

be believed, that this superior being paid the respect realms of warmth and light. of an inferior to the poor creatures who so seldom glow-worm, round whose cheering light a jovial set

of us were wont to congregate o' nights. A chirrupThreescore days and ten!-- a longer life than is

came to taste the fragrant breath of nature? I may ing knot were we, and often have we made the night vouchsafed to any of our favoured race.

be asked, how I know the tokens of respect and fear

I am not vain—but yet I may surmise that the experience of among men ? Have I not hovered around the toils gallop through her course to the music of our revels.

When the club dispersed, I used to mount to my resuch a life may not be without its use and moral for of the spider, when a poor fly has supplicated for life

tirement aloft, and there gaze on the friendly lamp the world.

and liberty? and may it not be surmised that the
I can give little account of my birth and parent-
subdued voice and humble look speak the same lan-

of my light-hearted friend, till I dropped asleep.

One night I woke from dreams of these happy meetage. Conjecture is open—but spark-like is the light guage with both man and Aly?

ings--the merry notes of my mates rang in my ears I could ever obtain on this immaterial question,

It is but an unworthy task for an old butterfly, and I thought they were keeping it up without though my mind was early turned to the inquiry by one o'er whom a long life has passed, and bleached

me, and accordingly determined to drop in upon their the impertinent question as to “ who I was,” put to the hair of his head even as the grass of the meadow

revels; but, strange to say, no light shone below, as me by a fair but conceited tulip. Prompted by is bleached by the sun's rays—it is, I say, for one so

was usual. I looked about, and at last perceived affection, I searched in every quarter for informasage, so ripe, so time-honoured, a ridiculous task to

it above me.

This was strange; but, without tion, but little was my success, and the time lost record the events of his youthful loves. But yet, in thinking, up I mounted. Higher still and higher, was great: so much so, that, when I returned to all candour, I confess that the recollection of those

but no nearer did I approach. They are keeping it my goddess with what I hoped might prove satisevents fills me with delight (one excepted, which I

up, thought I, with a vengeance. I wonder where factory information, I found her charms so greatly shall narrate) as the recovery of some sense long lost.

Master Snail got his wings to mount so high! Time on the wane, that I began to wonder what had Yes, time has destroyed these things, as the plain of


and so did I, but it was of no avail; the en. brought me thither, and so flew off again, humming waving green was levelled by the scythe; but still

ticing light was as distant as ever, and the malicious a favourite air, “ I am free, I am free!” And so how fragrant did the insipid grass become when

rogues were moving off as fast as I could move on. the tulip lost her lover, and gained no information. * lying dried, scattered, and dead-scattered by the

Meantime, the air grew colder, the zephyrs were But this is what I either remembered, or had heard spoiler, too, upon its own hearth! Such is the

cross, and handled me most roughly. I felt myself of myself, before I was myself. When I first woke hallowed light thrown over the past: such are the

beating about in space, nor knew I where to fly. My up, it was in a field of waving grass, and it must have uses of adversity.

heart failed me, and my strength was gone; and I been its angry war, as the wind levelled its proud

I have already touched on the subject of my first had fallen back into the realms of darkness, had not crests to the earth, that woke me up. All was sweet amour, when any fair friend was too particular as to

the strong winds caught me in their arms and hurried around, and bright and sunny.

But so soon as I
my pedigree. But there remains another to narrate,

me onwards, now a helpless victim, till I landed sudfound the use of my wings, and that I could remove which, as I have known insects whose complexions

denly on the earth. Unhappy wretch, I had misfrom the uproar by their friendly aid, I pushed off, changed with the colour of what they took for taken a star for the light I sought ! and now, for and settled in a more tranquil spot. Methought I dinner, so, its progress and its end being luckless and punishment, I found myself a bruised wanderer in a had had a dream—a long and pleasant dream_of unhappy, for ever after tinged my joyous nature with

land of strangers.

Here, then, have I sojourned, wandering among trees and over leaves—of living in darkness

. And yet, who could have read my

the dark hue of melancholy. My heart was wrapped unknown, uncared for. well and banqueting for ever, and that my life was

Commiseration is dear to the heart of a Ay; one continual feast. Could this have been reality? feelings? How smooth my feathers still-how sleek no, it must have been a dream, for life is not quite all and clean my feelers-my head how nicely pow

therefore have I put pen to paper, in the belief, that

when dead, my tale will at least draw one tear from enjoyment. But after this, it seemed as if there dered; and my wings-ah! who to have seen me

the well of grief springing in every heart. This came a blank-—a dream within a dream-a helpless pour the oily fluid on those well-formed limbs, could sleep, perchance. I thought I was alone, alive, but have presumed to think me wretched, and that con

hope will throw a glow over the sunset of my days. could not move; not dead, but yet no life was stircealment, like a worm in the bud, preyed on my

For, although neither gouty, nor flying with the ring in me.

aid of crutches, still I am very old—I feel it. My Perhaps-mysterious thought-I grew heart?

voice is weak in physical power ; but, from my as grows the seed I've seen the gardener strew upon

I loved a lily (time was the thing was common,

age, I think it intitled to be heard. If time is not the ground. I may have been enclosed, like it, but now the papillon has spurned the fleur-de-lis). I

at an end--if other butterflies should ever live to within a husk, and my wings have then burst forth found my love returned, and, for a time, things pros

love, and to mistake an unapproachable for a friendly like opening leaves! pered gloriously. Hours went-returned-and still

light--to them I leave this long memorial of my Say, first, of life before, or life to be,

found me at her side. We lived but for each other. What can we reason but from what we see? She said not much—what would you have a virgin patriarchal days, now so near their closing. Here

ends my task. What strengthens me in this belief is, that one

say?--but then she looked so sweet! One luckless with whom I always was at enmity, did tell me once, evening I was lured away, on some excursion, no

Here, too, ended his innocent life. One moment but in scorn he said it, that he had seen me long bematter where or wherefore. Oh, unhappy hour! on

sufficed him to die, whose creation had been the fore lying like a clod among the clods, rolled up in a my return, I found a spider, a bloated wretch, had

miracle of months. The butterfly is dead, “his shapeless, ugly mass. (The latter description can

usurped my place. He now reigned triumphant,
and the noxious cannibal had spread his fearful nets

wings are never have been true, but let it pas3.) How many

rest,” his bright eye shall no

dimmed by a passing cloud-his pure loving heart no minutes' labour have hypotheses, built on these slen

over that fair head which I most adored. In despair longer be vexed at the puzzles of insect life--nor his der foundations, cost my philosophic mind! One I fluttered away, almost sinking to the earth, cursing

bones rattle in the cold blast of coming Autumn. thing I learnt, however, by the incident—that is, to him-as only butterflies can curse—and hating her for

PsychOPHILUS. gain information even from the lips of an enemy.

her inconstancy. I consoled myself, however, with In my career there has been much to puzzle me.

making this reflection, that, to retain the female Passing my days mostly in a region of flowers, I

heart, you must watch over it as zealously as the observed that there was one enormous creature who

A Pleasant Ensign of the Guards.--La Calprenede miserly ant guards her ill-gotten grain.

(afterwards the writer of the old celebrated French tended them continually: sometimes beings like

It was not till sometime after this that I disco

romances, Cleopatra, Cassandra, &c.), was himself would visit us, and stare about-and look vered how my passion had hurried me into indiscre- Ensign in the Guards, and when he was upon duty

at Court, used to get up into the apartments, and upon the flowers; but in their stupid faces, I never tion. In quitting Lily so precipitately, I had done

there soon get an audience about him by the agreeable her wrong, for I learned that the spider was but an

knack he bad of telling stories. The Court ladies * There seems hardly verisimilitude enough in the love unwelcome intruder, and would have forced her and maids of honour were often among his hearers. between an insect and a flower, considering there are

affections. To me she looked for succour, while I The Queen, one day, reprimanded her women, that creatures more kindred to their nature. Yet our correspondent (besides the visits manifestly paid by a butterfly,

-mad fool!

of late they seemed all at once to have entered into a

combination to neglect their duty, upon which one of and the phrase “ love for flowers," and what else the

How often have I since reflected that even flies

them answered, “ That there was a new Ensign who depth of his floral philosophy might say for it) has critical cannot see everything, and that it behoves them to be

came up into the ante-chamber, and told such dewarrant in the Persian loves of the nightingale and the rose ; and Dr Darwin was inclined to think that insects very circumspect when other beings are concerned. ! lightful stories, that there was no leaving him.”

This raised the Princess's curiosity, and she was so were portions of flowers let loose,- warmed into distinct

A joyous life I led of it too, for a long period be- taken with him, that she added a pretty pension to life by an unusual glow of the vital spirit. -Ev.

fore this. Fanned by the zephyr, courted by the his pay.

more be



Kirby and Spence do not admit this statement; as Highland honey was often of a dirty brownish colour,

the nectar of flowers is not of so thick a consistence which was supposed to be given to it by the "bloomFrom Wednesday the 12th, to Tuesday the 18th

as honey, they think it must undergo some change in ing heather,” as Burns calls it; the people of Edin-

the stomach of the bee. This opinion is strength- burgh, however, though great consumers of it, never
ened by what has been stated by Reaumur : he complain of any ill-effects from it. It produced upon

observed that, if there was a deficiency of flowers at the Doctor a soporific effect. The most innocent We did wrong the other day to say that the flowers the season of honey-gathering, and the bees were fur. honey will often disagree with those who take it in were all going, for, not to mention the present mild nished with sugar, they filled their cells with honey, large quantities, or who have irritable bowels. The season, which has wonderfully retained the beauties differing in no other respect from honey collected in mischievous qualities of honey have been said to be both of our woods and gardens, it is ungrateful and favour, and in its never candying, nor ever losing the keeping only; yet when made into metheglin it has

the usual way but in its possessing a somewhat higher destroyed by boiling and straining, or even by long monstrous in us to forget that there are flowers of fluidity by long keeping. The same will be observed been found as deleterious as ever. some sort all the year round, or nearly so, especially when they imbibe the juices of sweet fruits, for bees the most beautiful of all flowers-the rose, which do not confine themselves solely to flowers and honey- gathering, and that, even, though the whole, season

The quality of honey varies with the time of dewed leaves; they will sometimes very greedily abNature seems to love so fondly as to be unable to

The collection at the You may see cottages still covered with spoil them for the table; they also visit, in crowds, honey of the year, the flowers being then most

sorb the juice of raspberries, for instance, and thus may have been favourable. part with it.

commencement of summer is regarded as the prime it all over, like household smiles. the vats of the cider and wine-maker.

abundant, and in the full glow of health; and that Even of the flowers that have gone, we possess the

Reaumur has likewise remarked that, in each which is collected in spring is superior to the gleanresults, and we should not forget to see their floral

honey-cell, there is a cream-like layer covering, of a ing of autumn.

thicker consistence than the honey itself, which appaelements in those. The other night we were sitting rently serves to retain the more liquid collections formation of wax

Heber states that the secretion of honey and the

are singularly promoted by at a friend's house amidst wax-candles, and thought that may from to time be introduced under it. electricity: hence the works may always be observed how busy those little fairies, the bees, had been in Messrs Kirby and Spence say that, if honey were the to advance rapidly when there is a southerly wind, a

unaltered nectar of flowers, it would be difficult to making them for us, bringing, with mysterious

moist warm air, and an impending storm; whereas conceive how this cream could be collected in proper the secretion is impeded and sometimes suspended, efficacy, out of the Aimsiest beauty, a beauty so solid. proportions. This observation is made in conse- by long protracted droughts, cold rains, and a Wax-lights, though we are accustomed to over-look quence of their presuming that some of this cream- northerly wind. the fact, and rank them with ordinary common

like covering is conveyed into the cells with each Prime honey is of a whitish colour, an agreeable places, are true fairy tapers, –a white metamorphosis deposition of fresh

honey, and it has been supposed, smell, a pleasant taste

, and a thick consistence. that this cream was the last portion disgorged. When taken from the combs it is in a fluid state, but from the flowers, crowned with the most intangible According to an article in “ Rees's Cyclopædia,' pro- gradually thickens by age, and in cold weather, if of all visible mysteries—fire.

bably written by Mr Polhill, this cream-like matter genuine, becomes firm and solid. In England, it Then there is honey, which a Greek poet" would

is formed at the very first, and every addition of has seldom, if ever, been known to assume this solid

honey is deposited beneath it. The bee, entering state while in the hives; and even out of them, if it have called the sister of wax, a thing as beautiful to

into the cell as deeply as possible, puts forward its remain in the combs, it will preserve its clearness, eat as the other is to look upon, and beautiful to look anterior pair of legs, and with them pierces a hole purity, and fine flavour, for at least a year. The upon too.

What two extraordinary substances to through the crust, or cream; while this hole is kept honey of tropical climates is always in a fluid state. be made, by little winged creatures, out of roses and

open by the feet, the bee disgorges the honey, in large Much of the fine flavour of honey will depend on

drops, from its mouth; these, falling into the hole, the manner of its separation from the comb. That lilies! What a singular and lovely energy in Nature mix with the whole mass below; the bee, before it will be the most delicate which flows spontaneously to impel those little creatures thus to fetch out the fiies off, new models the crust, and closes up the hole. from the purest and whitest combs; the next in exsweet and elegant properties of the coloured fra- This mode of proceeding is regularly adopted by cellence will be that which is expressed without heat; grancies of the gardens, and serve them up to us for

every bee that contributes to the general store. and the coarsest, that which is obtained by the aid of food and light !-honey to eat, and waxen tapers to

The power of regurgitation in the bee is very re

heat and pressure. markable: its alimentary organs, like those of the

Care should be taken in the selection of the vessels eat it by! What more graceful repast could be pigeon, besides being subservient to the purpose of used for storing honey, the most appropriate are jars imagined on one of the fairy tables made by Vulcan, nutriment, afford it a temporary store-room or reser

of stone ware, called Bristol ware. The principal which moved of their own accord, and came gliding, voir. Ruminating animals may be considered as constituents of sugar and honey are the same, viz.

Besides these, their when he wanted a luncheon, to the side of Apollo - regurgitating animals, though in them the operation hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen.

is performed for different purposes.

In some, it is common elements, honey contains mucilage and extracthe honey golden as his lyre, and the wax fair as his exercised for the purpose of digesting the food—in tive matter, and also an excess of oxygen: in plain Engshoulders. Doubtless he hath eaten of it many a others, for feeding the young; but in bees, its use is lish, honey posseses a greater portion of acid than is contime, chatting with Hebe before some Olympian

to enable them to disburden themselves of the honey tained in sugar, and in a state more capable of acting which they gather for the winter's store of the com

upon those bodies with which it comes in contact. concert, and as he talked in an under-tone, fervid as munity,

From this arises the reason for my recommending stone the bees', the bass-strings of his lyre murmured The finest flavoured and most delicate honey is jars for its preservation : the acid of the honey, acting as they.

that which is collected from aromatic plants, and has upon the lead with which every other kind of earthen Let honey then be on our November breakfast

been stored in clean new cells: it has been usually ware is glazed, causes the honey to receive an impreg

called virgin-honey, as though it were elaborated by nation froin it, which may prove injurious to those table, reminding us of the flowers, and let us have a

a fresh swarm of bees; but this is not essential to the whose constitutions are delicate; the stone ware, good and intire account of the nature of it out of perfection of honey; for, provided the cells in which being glazed with common salt, the pages of Dr Bevan.

it is deposited have never contained either brood or municate any injurious property to the honey

farina, it is not material whether it have been col- which is stored in it. Honey should be kept Honey is a well-known, sweet, tenacious substance, lected by swarms or by old stocks: the season and the in a cool and dry situation, as warmth promotes which, in fine weather, is continually secreting in the flowers having been the same, the quality of the fermentation and generates a sensible acidity, nectaries of flowers, chiefly from certain vesicles or honey will, in both cases, be alike. F. Lamberti The circumstance of honey, when separated from the glands situated near the basis of every petal, from asserts, that the best honey in the world is produced combs and put into jars, being disposed to ferment whence it is collected by bees and other insects. The

in Pontus, and that its superiority is attributable to in a temperature much below the usual heat of the domestic honey-bees consume a portion of this honey the

greater quantity of balm growing there. In this hive, is calculated to excite our admiration of the for food, at or near the time of gathering; but the quarter of the world the Narbonne honey is regarded instinctive intelligence of the bee, which leads it to principal part is regurgitated, and poured into the

as the finest, owing to the rosemary which abounds in distribute its treasure in small cells and to seal them cell of the hive, for the use of the community in the neighbourhood of Narbonne. “ The honey, for closely over, whereby the honey can be preserved from winter. So very abundant are these collections in which Narbonne is so deservedly celebrated, is every fermentation for a long period, even in a high tempefavourable seasons, as to afford to the apiarian an year diminishing. Bees have ceased to be an object rature. The Jews of Moldavia and the Ukraine, preextensive share of them, without distressing the pro. of attention to the peasantry; they now devote their pare from honey a sort of sugar, which is solid, and vident hoarders. Mr Wildman states that, in the

time to the vineyards, and neglect the bees. The as white as snow, which they send to the distilleries year 1789, he purchased a glass filled with exceed

flowers of the wild plants in the neighbourhood of at Dantzic. They expose the honey to frost for ingly fine honey-comb, weighing 63 pounds, which Narbonne are highly aromatic, and give the flavour three weeks, in some places where neither sun nor had been collected within a month; and that the hive

which is peculiar to its honey: this peculiarity is snow can reach it, and in a vessel which is a bad which it had surmounted still contained a full supply attributed exclusively to the wild rosemary, Rosma

conductor of caloric, by which process, the honey, for the winter's consumption for the bees. This, rinus officinalis." -(Dappe's Miscellaneous Observa- without being congealed, becomes clear and hard like however, was an unusual quantity; a hive, or box, of tions and Opinions on the Continent, 1825.) At- sugar. the dimensions recommended in this work, may be

tempts are said to have been made to imitate Nar- Prior to the discovery of sugar, honey must have considered as well stocked when it yields from 30 to bonne honey, by adding to other honey an infusion been an article of great utility ; and, notwithstanding 40 pounds of honey. of rosemary flowers.

that discovery, if we may judge from the quantity The honey intended for early use, and for the nurs

of the power which some flowers possess of imported into this country, and the price at which it ing bees and drones, is deposited in cells which are al. imparting deleterious qualities to their honey, I have sells when of fine quality, it may still be regarded lowed to remain open, and is, probably, of an inferior already spoken in the chapter on pasturage. I will

as a commodity of great importance, and worthy of sort; whilst the finest honey, which is laid up in

here add, however, what has been said of the appear- more attention from our rural population than it store for winter, is placed in the most inacessible

ance of the pernicious kind of honey. It is usually generally obtains. In the Ukraine, some of the parts of the hive, and closed in the cells with waxen

distinguished from what is innocent, by its crimson or peasants have four or five hundred hives each, and lids,

reddish brown colour, its better flavour, and thicker find their bees more profitable than their corn. This There, clustered now, clear wells of nectar glow,

consistence; but in Florida and Carolina, it is so is a number, however, which, I should think, would Like amber drops that sparkle in the Po,

similar, in all respects, to innocent honey, that the overstock, most districts, and which could only be And now (so quick the change), ere one short moon

hunters depend upon experience only, and, knowing supported naturally by having recourse to transporShrinks with waned crescent 'mid the blaze of noon, that bad honey soon shows its effect, they at first eat

tation. This seems to be evinced by the inhabitants All veiled from view, these amber drops are lost,

very sparingly. The converse of this would appear of Egypt, France, Savoy, Piedmont, and other places And each clear well with waxen crown embost. in the blood-red honey found by Mr Bruce at Dixan, availing themselves of that practice, as already stated. In the

• Philosophical Transactions for 1792, in Abyssinia, to which he ascribes no evil properties. The most productive parts of this kingdom, in all Mr Hunter has stated that, whatever time the con- ( Travels to the Nile,' vol. v.). Linnæus informs us, probability, are the borders of Cambridgeshire, Herttents of the honey-bags may be retained, they still that, in Sweden, the honey of autumn is principally fordshire, and part of Hampshire, which, abounding remain pure and unaltered by the digestive powers. gathered from the flowers of the erica or heath, and in heaths, commons, and" woods, afford so much Mr Polhill, a gentleman to whom the public are that it has a reddish cast. The honey of our native pabulum for bees, as to enable some of the farmers indebted for several articles in " Rees's Cyclopædia' heaths is also of the same colour. Dr. Barton has to have from 100 to 150 stocks of them, the largest appertaining to bees, is also of this opinion. Messrs observed that, during his residence at Edinburgh, the number that I have ever heard of in this kingdom.



[ocr errors]

On the subject of overstocking, M. Espinasse says,


the sea-shore, he vied with Lucullus and Philippus that few parts of England which he has visited afford

in the extent of his fish-ponds, which were constructed flowers in sufficient profusion and of sufficient variety [A full-blown specimen of the ornate, insincere, at immense cost, and so formed that the tide flowed to support numerous colonies. “ In the village," prosperous, luxurious, and splendid-living Roman into them. Under the promontory of Bauli, travelsays he, “where my house is situated, many persons, induced by my example, produced bees; they were orator; with the vicissitude which his family expe

lers are yet shown the Piscina Mirabilis, a subterra

neous edifice, vaulted and divided by four rows of too numerous for what was to feed them; more than

rienced. From Mr Dunlop's · History of Roman arcades, and which is supposed by some antiquaries one half of them died in the ensuing winter, and Literature.']

to have been a fish-pond of Hortensius. Yet, such nearly one third of my own were with difficulty saved This celebrated orator was born

in the year 640, supply, that when he gave entertainments at Bauli,

was his luxury, and his reluctance to diminish his whether or not his situation is overstocked, if he will being then ten years younger than Cotta and Sulpl. he generally sent to the neighbouring town of Puteoli, with feeding.” The proprietor of bees may know

cius. attend to the produce of his apiary for several years early age of nineteen—that is, in 659: and his ex

His first appearance at the bar was at the

to buy fish for supper. He had a vast number of together.

fishermen in his service, and paid so much attention cellence, says Cicero, was immediately acknowledged, like that of a statue by Phidias, which only requires large stock of small fish to be devoured by the great

to the feeding of his fish, that he had always ready a to be seen in order to be admired. The case in which

ones. he appeared was one of considerable responsibility for persuaded to part with any of them; and Varro deROMANCE OF REAL LIFE.

It was with the utmost difficulty he could be one so young and inexperienced, being an accusation, clares that a friend could more easily get his chariotThe author of the · Lounger's Common-Place Book' at the instance of the Roman province of Africa,

mules out of his stable, than a mullet from his ponds. says there have been two songs written on the follow- against its governors, for rapacity. It was heard

He was more anxious about the welfare of his fish ing adventure, but that they are bad. We have an before Scævola and Crassus, as judges--the one the ablest lawyer, the other the most accomplished speaker sick servant might not take what was unfit for him,

than the health of his slaves, and less solicitous that a impression upon our memory, that we have seen a

of his age; and the young orator had the good forgood song upon it, though we cannot remember tune to obtain their approbation, as well as that of

than that his fish might not drink water which was where,-probably in Mr Allan Cunningham's collec- all who were present at the trial. His next pleading unwholesome. It is even said that he was so pastion of the Songs of Scotland. We should be obliged of importance was in behalf of Nicomedes, King of sionately fond of a particular lamprey, that he shed

tears for its untimely death. Bythynia, in which he even surpassed his former to any correspondent who could find it for us. The

speech for the Africans. After this we hear little of The gallery at the villa, which was situated on the subject, one would think, is too affectingly true, not him for several years. The imminent perils of the little promontory of Bauli, and looking towards Puto have called forth some corresponding strain. Social War, which broke out in 663, interrupted, in a teoli, commanded one of the most delightful views in Adam Fleming, the son of a little farmer, during served in this alarming contest for one year as a volun- magnificent and extensive.. Puteoli was seen along

The inland prospect, towards Cumæ, was great measure, the business of the Forum. Hortensius Italy. the reign of Mary, inheriting from nature an attracteer, and in the following season as a military tribune.

the shore at the distance of thirty stadia, in the directive person and a vigorous mind, and receiving, from

When, on the re-establishment of peace in Italy, in tion of Pompeii; and Pompeii itself was invisible the kindness of a maternal uncle an education superior

666, le returned to Rome, and resumed the more only from its distance. The sea view was unbounded; to what is generally bestowed on persons of his rank

peaceful avocations to which he had been destined it was enlivened by the numerous vessels sailing across in society, had won the affections of a beautiful and

from his youth, he found himself without a rival. the bay, and the ever changeful hue of its waters, wealthy heiress in the shire of Dumfries. But, as it

Crassus, as we have seen, died in 662, before the now saffron, azure, or purple, according as the breeze seldom happens that we can enjoy any pleasure or

troubles of Marius and Sylla. Antony, with other blew, or the sun ascended or declined. any happiness without exciting envy or discontent in

orators of inferior note, perished in 666, during Hortensius's villa at Laurentum, which also comthose who are less fortunate or less deserving, the

the temporary and last ascendancy of Marius, in the manded a distant prospect of the sea, rivalled, in its preference given to Fleming by Helena Irving, be

absence of Sylla. Salpicius was put to death in the sylvan pomp, the marine luxuries of Bauli. This fore a host of visitors, excited in one of the disappointed

same year, and Cotta driven into banishment, from mansion lay between Ostia and Lavinium, near the candidates inveterate malignity, and vows of ven

which he was not recalled until the return of Sylla to spot where the town of Paterno now stands, and congeance. Observing that a favourite evening walk

Rome, and his election to the dictatorship, in 670. tiguous to the still more celebrated residence afterof the lovers was on the banks of the Kirtle, a

Hortensius was then left for some years without a wards possessed by the younger Pliny. Around were romantic little stream, skirted with shrubs and over

competitor, and, after 670, with none of eminence but the walks and gardens of patrician villas; on one side hanging rocks, flowing in a serpentine course near

Cotta, whom also he soon outshone. His splendid, the Abbey of Kirkconnel, the villain procured a car

was the village of Laurentum, with its public baths; bine, and at their accustomed hour concealed himself calm and easy elegance of his rival. Accordingly, Ostia. Near the house were groves, and fields cover

warm, and animated manner, was preferred to the on the other, but at a greater distance, the town of in a thicket near the place. The fond pair soon

when engaged in a cause on the same side, Cotta, ed with herds—beyond were hills clothed with woods, approaching, he levelled the instrument of death at

then ten years senior, was employed to open the case, and magnificent mountains bounded the horizon. his unsuspecting rival; but occasioning, as he moved,

while the more important parts were left to the a rustling of the leaves, Helena turned quickly

He continued the un

Hortensius had here a wooded park of fifty acres, management of Hortensius. round, saw his deadly purpose, and defeated it by throwing herself before her lover; but, in preserving disputed sovereign of the Forum, till Cicero returned encompassed with a wall

. This enclosure he called to his quartership in Sicily, in 689, where the talents

a nursery of wild beasts, all of which came for their him, she received the contents of the gun in her own

of that orator first displayed themselves in full perfec- provender at a certain hour, on the blowing of a horn, bosom, and sunk a bloody and lifeless corse into his

an exhibition with which he was accustomed to tion and maturity. Hortensius was thus, from 666 till 679, at the head of the Roman bar; and being,

amuse the guests who visited him at his Laurentian Neither love nor justice admitted a moment's de

villa. Varro mentioned an entertainment where those in consequence, engaged, during that long period, on lay: placing his murdered mistress gently on a bank, one side or other, in every cause of importance, he soon

invited supped upon an eminence, called a Triclinium, Adam pursued the flying, the cowardly assassin with amassed a prodigious fortune. He lived, too, with a

in this sylvan park. During the repast, Hortensius the fury of a hungry lion ; soon overtook him, and

magnificence corresponding to his wealth.

An ex

summoned his Orpheus, who, having come with his seizing the merciless ruflian by the hair of his head,

ample of splendour and luxury had been set to him musical instruments, and being ordered to display planted a dagger in his heart. The report of the by the orator Crassus, who inhabited a sumptuous

his talents, blew a trumpet, when such a multitude piece, and the cries of the dastardly fugitive drawing palace in Rome, the hall of which was adorned with

of deer, boars, and other quadrupeds rushed to the several peasants to the spot, Fleming, instead of pillars of Hymettian marble, twelve feet high, which

spot from all quarters, that the sight appeared to the submitting his conduct to the justice of his country, he brought to Rome in his ædileship, at a time when

delighted spectators as beautiful as the courses with which must have considered it as a justifiable homithere were no pillars of foreign marble even in the

wild animals in the great circus of the Ædiles. cide, and without well knowing what he sought, fled

public buildings. The court of this mansion was The elegance of Hortensius procured him not only towards the sea-coast, where he saw a vessel outward

particularly ornamented by six lotus trees, which all this wealth and luxury, but the highest official bound; throwing himself into a boat, he went on

Pliny saw in full luxuriance in his youth, but which honours of the state. He was Edile in 679, Prætor board, made a confidant of the captain, and sailed were afterwards burned in the confiagration in the in 682, and Consul two years afterwards. The with him to Lisbon.

time of Nero. He had also a number of vases, and two wealth and dignities he had obtained, and the want Careless of life, and probably wishing to shorten drinking cups, engraved by the artist, Mentor, but of competition, made him gradually relax from that it, he entered into the service of the king of Portu- which were of such immense value that he was ashamed assiduity by which they had been acquired, till the gal, and distinguished himself, in a military capacity, to use them. Hortensius had the same tastes as Crassus, increasing fame of Cicero, and particularly the at some of the distant possessions of that monarch, but he surpassed him and all his contemporaries in glory of his consulship, stimulated him to renew in the Brazils. Receiving, after many years, ample magnificence. His house at Rome, which was splen- his exertions. But his habits of labour had been rewards, and an honourable dismission, he resolved, didly furnished, formed the centre of the chief impe- in some degree lost, and he never again recovered in the spirit of the times, to expiate the crime rial palace, which increased from the time of Augus- his former reputation. Cicero partly accounts for of a murder, to which he received such urgent tus to that of Nero, till it nearly covered the whole this decline, from the peculiar nature and genius provocation, but for which he could not forgive Palatine Mount, and branched over other hills. Be- of his eloquence. It was of that showy species himself, by a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. sides his mansion in the capitol, he possessed sump- called Asiatic, which fourished in the Greek coloHaving accomplished his purpose, he was anxious to tuous villas at Tusculum, Bauli, and Laurentum, nies of Asia Minor, and was infinitely more florid pass the short space of life which remained in his where he was accustomed to give the most elegant and ornamental than the oratory of Athens, or even native country; trusting for safety to the mercy or and expensive entertainments.

He had frequently Rhodes, being full of brilliant thoughts and sparkoblivion of his former neighbours. Soon after land- peacocks at his banquets, which he first served up at ling expressions. This glowing style of rhetoric, ing in Scotland, he determined to visit the spot a grand augural feast, and which, says Varro, were though deficient in solidity and weight, was not where his beloved, his long-lost Helena was interred : more commended by the luxurious than by men of unsuitable to a young man; and being further reworn down by years, sorrow, and the toils of war, probity and austerity. His olive plantations, he is commended by a beautiful cadence of periods, met and naturally agitated by recollecting the circum- said to have regularly moistened and bedewed with with the utmost applause. But Hortensius, as he stances, and viewing the place of her death, his de- and, on one occasion, during the hearing of an advanced in life, did not correct this exuberance, nor bilitated frame was not equal to such emotion : important cause, in which he was engaged along with adopt a chaster eloquence; and this luxury and glitreaching with difficulty her tomb in the chapel of Cicero, begged that he would change with him the ter of phraseology, which, even in his earliest years, had Kirkconnel, he sunk on the earth which covered her previously arranged order of pleading, as he was occasionally excited ridicule or disgust among the remains, and expired without a groan.

obliged to go to the country to pour wine on a favour- graver fathers of the senatorial order, being totally This little narrative, which the scrupulous critic

ite platanus, which grew near his Tusculan villa. inconsistent with his advanced age and consular dig, may consider as the romantic fiction of a novelist, is Notwithstanding this profusion, his heir found not nity, which required something more serious and founded on fact, supported by the evidence of au- less than 10,000 casks of wine in his cellar, after his composed, his reputation diminished with increase of thentic family documents in the possession of a

death. Besides his taste for wine and fondness for years; and though the bloom of his eloquence might worthy baronet, who resides near the spot, and cor

plantations, he indulged a passion for pictures and be in fact the same, it appeared to be somewhat roborated by the remains

of a monumental inscrip-fish-ponds. At his Tusculan villa, he built a hall for withered. Besides, from his declining health and tion in the chapel, which is now in ruins.

the reception of a painting of the expedition of the strength, which greatly failed in his latter years, he Argonants, by the painter Cydias, which cost the may not have been able to have given full effect to enormous sum of one hundred and forty-four thou- that showy species of rhetoric in which he indulged. sand sesterces. At his country seat, near Bauli, on A constant tooth-ache and swellings in the jaws,



« السابقةمتابعة »