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than he-therefore, no doubt, was it, dear Journalist, It is as much from necessity as choice that I write Burns's Songs. It seemed to have been possessed by that you have edified our minds and illuminated our at night. Business occupies the day with me, and some admiring countryman of the Bard's, who had imaginations with your weekly collection of daily at night I take up the pen with my mind charged taken up his satirical strain, and in the blank-leaf literature. But I must trim my lamp, or, rather, with ideas, which have arisen from the observation penned the following address “ To The READER :" snuff my candle, or, as the sailors say-—" top the of the day, and I either write till sleep overpowers Afore ye tak in hand this beuk, glim.”—The superfluous carbon is now removed, me, or my light burns out. Thus am I brought to

To these few lines jist gie a leuk: and the flame, on whose nature there has been so the lamp again—and drowsiness tempts me to ex- Be sure that baith ye'r hands are clean, many speculations, burns brighter, and entices me to tinguish the “ flaming minister.” This reminds me

Sic as are fitten to be seen,

Free fra a' dirt, an' black coal coom; write, while my couch-bed, I should say, but I am of the lamp in the title page of Richard Taylor's

Fra ash-hole dust, an' chimley bloom ; tainted with the affected phraseology of the present edition of the classics, with its motto “ Alere flam- O'creesh fra candle or fra lamp, magazine age of literature—my bed looks tempt- mam." I bought at a book-stall, some time since,

Upon it leave nae filthy stamp. ing, and, with sheets turned down, woos me to its one of these books which, as appeared, from the in

I'd rather gie a siller croon, embrace. But I must seize the present opportu- scription on the title page, had once been the pro

Than see a butter'd finger'd loon,

Wi' parritch, reemin fra his chaps, nity-not “carpe diem," but carpe noctem,"—the perty of a Cantab. In it, the metaphoric emblem Fast fa'in down in slav'rin draps night is the time to study and to write, whether in a was altered from a hand pouring oil into the lamp,

Upon the beuk. Hech ! for each sowp,

I'd wis garret, or in a cellar. Day is too light, bright, and to a hand with an extinguisher about to put out the

a nettle at his doup

For every creeshie drap transparent, attractive to be able to withdraw your thoughts from light; and to the hand was appended an arm, and to I'd wish his neck wi' a sair hair in't : it, and fix them on the paper. The subdued light of the arm a body very elegantly attired in a night- Sic plague spots on ilk bonnie page, human invention is more congenial ;--we gaze upon shirt—and a head covered with a night-cap—and a

Wad mak a sant e’en stamp wi' rage. it, and behold the emblem of the soul-a spark of mouth most luxuriously stretched in a hearty yawn

Reader, ye'll no tak amiss,

Sic an impertinence as this : light chipped off from the great all-supplying lumi- the very ultimatum of the “ ore rotundo.The

Ye'r no the ane that e'er wad do'tnary-and, as we know not the nature of flame, motto was also very appropriately altered to “ extin- An use a beuk like an old cloot; neither know we the nature of the soul. The day guere flammam.The limner has left us in the dark

Ye wadna wi' ye'r fingers soil it is too busy with the bustle and business of life, as to whether he intended the elegant figure as one

Nor creesh, nor blot, nor rend, nor spoil it. which, though we partake not of it ourselves, yet the drowsy after a night's revelry or a night's study ;

The possessor of this book cannot have belonged noise from without distracts and withdraws the mind there are neither books and paper, nor bottles and

to the very best of Scottish society, as some of the and prevents it from turning in upon itself. The glasses---nothing to tell the tale-- we must therefore cautions given in the effusion would have been un. dark stillness of night falls like dew upon the field give it in tke subject's favour, and decide that he is necessary—mayhap some farm servant or weaver lad of contemplation, and thoughts germinate and spring fatigued with a night's intense study; and therefore may have been its possessor ;-we may imagine the up under its influence. The light of the day is too I shall enlist him on my side as one who is of opi- hungry ploughman at his morning repast of “ Scotia's dazzling,-and, as imagination bodies forth the nion that night is the best and most appropriate time hamely fare” in the lines forms of things unseen," it is apt to dispel the visions, for study. In the words of an old Scotch song

Wi' parritch, reemin fra his chaps, and, leave the “airy nothings” without “a habita

Fast fa'in down in slav'rin draps

To sit up a' nicht, I'd sooner agree tion or a name.

Upon the beuk.

Than rise in the morning early. It has been said that morning is the more favour

I should prefer to have the preceding caution printed able time for study, inasmuch as the mind is then

Old books and book-stalls are fast going out of and pasted in the inside of all my books rather refreshed with the night's repose, free from any in

season ; new and cheap editions of all the standard than the namby-pamby verses beginning, “This cumbrances with which it might be loaded by past works, in cloth coats, are displacing their respectable book belongs to -,' which are sold for the purpose affairs, at the close of the day ;-that it is then vi..

forefathers of the leathern doublet. Instead of a of cautioning the reader against soiling, dog's-earing, gorous, like a bow that has remained for sometime

dark row of dusky brown backs on the shelves of the or lending again a borrowed book. What an elegant unstrung-and, not being prepossessed by any parti- colours of the rainbow. The poor pennyless student

shops, we see modern issues glittering in all the stanza that is, which the lower classes of the English cular subject, is more ductile, and may be led to the

write in their books--beginning, consideration of any required subject. To this I can cannot now resort to the book-stall to refer to a book

Steal not this book for fear of shame, which he cannot afford to buy. only answer, from my own experience, that the mind,

What a feast one

For in it is the owner's name;

and endinginstead of being fresh and vigorous, upon awaking might have gathered by dipping into a book or two in the morning, is confused and bewildered with a at every stall in an hour's walk, a few years ago!

And God will ask in the last day,

Where is that book you took away? mixture of dreams and recollections, which it is impos- the weather, and the impenetrable glass excludes The modern books will not bear such exposure to

The lower classes among the Scotch, too, have a rhyme sible for a time to dispel ; the body, too, requires some

somewhat similar, beginningtime to resume its wonted elasticity; and there is too their contents from the gazer's view. He of the

Oye thief! how daur

ye

steal ! intimate a connection between the two, to allow of an thread-bare coat is a character of the last century

and so on. exhilaration of the one and a depression of the other or at all events of the last generation ; we do not

I think I may claim congeniality with you, Mr to exist together. In the morning, too, if it be summer, stalls, sipping learning froin each, as a bee sips honey Editor, in my love for old book-stalls, from what you

now see him hovering about the old book-shops and one would be tempted by the beauties of a sunrise to wander in the verdant fields, or stroll on the banks

from every flower: no, the flowers are all covered in lately let fall in the article “ 'Tis But.” Many a of a stream, and watch the ruddy luminary chase the glass-cases now-a-days. We do not now see him sixpence, ay, and shilling too, have I spent, and eked to

every one of them a “ 'tis but,"-yet I never regretted dewy fogs from its surface, which fly at his approach, haggling with the bookseller to get a worn-out copy as a lover from the bosom of his mistress at the apof one of the Greek or Latin classics for a sixpencem

such expenditure. I must be excused if I behave as proach of a crabbed guardian, with face red with mayhap the full extent of his exchequer-or search- rudely as Mr Burchell, and to the bottom of all such

ultra-economists' speculations write “ Fudge.” rage--(excuse the intrusion of the simile, it is an ing for some odd volume to complete a set of the

BOOKWORM. odd one, but, as it entered my brain, I allowed it to

Spectator, • Rollin's Ancient History,' or flow from the point of my pen, and I leave it with

other favourite work. I speak feelingly upon this you, Mr. Editor, to erase it, should you think fit)subject, as I have been quite a haunter of book-stalls

Table Hydrophobia.- Peirese, dining at London or if it be winter, it is not in human nature to brave from my boyhood upwards. I remember reading a

with several persons of literature, could not be ex. sharp frost in a cold room. The imagination shivers

whole book at one standing at a stall; I have a faint empted from drinking a health (proposed by Dr Tho. as well as the body, and the thoughts freeze in abor- recollection of the contents-it was the history of rius, a German) in a glass of frightful capaciousness

.

Peirese alleged freedom, civility, decency, health, and tive masses in the brain. Then, one says, he can do some wild fellow who runs away from his apprentice

a thousand other reasons, but to no purpose; the glass nothing until he gets his breakfast to warm him, and ship-goes on board a ship, suffers shipwreck and must be drank off to that health ; but, before he conby that time the morning, properly speaking, is over, much tossing about by land and by sea-gets rich in sented to it, he required a promise that this Baccha

nalian doctor should also drink his toast ; then having and the day arrives with its engrossing cares. India, and comes home to relieve and enrich his

with much ado finished such a copious draught, he There is a peculiar advantage in the night over parents and brothers and sisters, whom he finds about

drank a health in the same glass filled with water. the morning as a time for literary composition, which

to be turned into the street by a cruel creditor- Thorius appeared quite thunderstruck, and, after is far from being unimportant; it is, that if one gets

makes everybody about him happy-lives respected, many a heavy sigh, put the glass to his mouth, but into a good train of ideas, he can keep from his bed and dies lamented. This is the only instance in which

quickly drew it back; and though he fortified him.

self with all the Greek and Latin apophthegms on as long as he pleases, and so take advantage of the I recollect reading a whole work at one time at a

thwarting the senses, he was an hour before he felicitous moments; whereas, if one catches a good

book-stall, I always like to dip into the boxes of emptied his glass, to the great diversion of the comclue in the morning, before he has time to unravel it, books ticketed “ Sixpence each,” or “ Threepence pany, and his own advantage; for afterwards he

never broke in upon any one's temperance. or follow it to its source, some business interrupts,

each.” I am always in expectation of picking up breakfast is announced,-or some other fate clips the

some rare • Caxton,' or invaluable • Wynkyn de It raises my spleen (says Madame de Sevigné) thread, and it is lost, perhaps, for ever.

to hear an old creature say, "I am too old to mend.'' I know not Worde,' but the bibliopoles have always as yet been

This would sound better in ayoung person: youth whether D'Israeli has a chapter on this point or not, too knowing for me, except once, when I got a

is so lovely, the body is then so perfect, that were in his · Curiosities of Literature, but I am con• Breeches Bible' (so called from Geneses iii, 7,

the mind equally such, the passion would be too vinced that by far the greater number of authors

where it is translated that our first parents sewed fig- vehement which such an assemblage must excite; would be found to have composed at night, were the leaves together, and made themselves breeches, instead but, when the graces of youth begin to wither, then,

surely it is high time to labour after the moral and subject examined. Sir Walter Scott, certainly, was of aprons) without any boards, for sixpence.

intellectual qualities, and endeavour to compensate an exception to this, in my opinion, general fact. At another time, I bought a well-read copy of the loss of beauty by the acquirement of merit.

some

1

VI.

IMITATED

FROM

THE

FRENCH

OF

MELLIN

DE

ST

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MAROT.

VII.

MADRIGAL.

« The 22d of November, being St Cecilia's day, is observed throughout all Europe by the lovers of

But, oh! what art can teach, music. In Italy, Germany, France, and other

What human voice can reach, GELAIS, AND ONE OF THE EPIGRAMS OF CLEMENT countries, prizes are distributed on that day, in some

The sacred organ's praise? of the most considerable towns, to such as make

Notes inspiring holy love, Fair, lovely, beautiful thou art

the best anthem in her praise. On that day, or the Notes that wing their heav'nly ways Whene'er thy smiles my passion bless; next (when it falls on a Sunday), most of the lovers

To mend the choirs above. of music, whereof many are persons of the first rank, But when thou lowerest on my heart,

meet at Stationers' Hall, in London, not through a Whene'er thy frowns my soul depress, principle of superstition, but to propagate the adThy beauty wanes, thy charms grow less. vancement of that divine science. . A splendid enter

Orpheus could lead the savage race, tainment is provided, and before it there is always a

And trees uprooted left their place, Then ever smile upon my duty :

performance of music, by the best voices and hands Sequacious of the lyre; Not to reward its faithfulness, in town; the words, which are always in the patron

But bright Cecilia raised the wonder higher,
But merely to preserve thy beauty.
ess's praise, are set by some of the greatest masters.

When to her organt vocal breath was giv'n;
T. E. I. This year (1691) Dr John Blow, that famous mu-

An angel heard, and straight appear'd,
sician, composed the music; and Mr D'Urfey, whose Mistaking earth for heav'n.
skill in things of that nature is well known, made

GRAND CHORUS.
THE WEEK.

the words. Six stewards are chosen for each ensuing
year, four of which are either persons of quality or

As from the pow'r of sacred lays
! From Wednesday the 19th to Tuesday the 25th
gentlemen of note, and the two last either gentlemen And sung the great Creator's praise

The spheres began to move,
November.

of his Majesty's niusic, or some of the chief masters
ST CECILIA'S DAY.
in town. This feast is one of the genteelest in the

To all the bless'd above;
world; there are no formalities nor gatherings as at

So when the last and dreadful hour
Saturday next, the 22nd, is St Cecilia's day, an

others, and the
appearance there is always very splen- The trumpet shall be heard on high,

This crumbling pageant should devour, anniversary which survived the Roman Catholic

did.

Whilst the company is at table, the haut boys ascendancy in this country till a late period, in con- and trumpets play successively."

The dead shall live, the living die,

And Music shall untune the sky. sequence of the fair Saint's being the patroness of

The merit of the following ode has been so commusic. It is a pity her festival ever went out. Per- pletely lost in Alexander's Feast, that few readers haps the new animation which has been given to the give themselves even the trouble of attending to it. study of music by the works of Mozart and others, Yet the first stanza has exquisite merit; and although

ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE. the power of music is announced in those which fol.

No. XLV.-HISTORY OF THE MARCHIOXESS DE GINGES, by the foundation of Academies, and the getting up low, in a manner more abstracted and general, and of performances in Abbeys and Halls, will revive it; therefore less striking than when its influence upon

We take this from the Ladies' Pocket Magazine for and musicians and poets too be inspired by a love of Alexander and his chiefs is placed before our eyes, it the year 1825, a neat little publication with good the art, as well as the recollections of the Drydens is perhaps only our intimate acquaintance with the things in it. We seem as if we had read the story and Purcells, to give it welcome.

although containing the original ideas so exquisitely twenty times over elsewhere ; but it is one of those, The following is Sir Walter Scott's account of the brought out and embodied in • Alexander's Feast.' whose frightful truth must always bring it into collecSaint, and of one of Dryden's odes in celebration of

tions of stories like the present. The offending par. her, which we have transferred to our pages ; for,

A song for st CECILIA'S DAY, 1637.

ties, by the outrageous violenco of their passions, and though the production of an author so well-known,

1.

the desperate defiance of daylight and witnesses by its fame has been obscured, even with persons other- Froj harmony, from heav'nly harmony,

one of them, were most likely madmen; at least, had wise not ignorant of him, by the lustre of the • Alex- This universal frame began.

an unhealthy or exaggerated organization amounting ander's Feast;' and in addition to what Sir Walter When nature underneath a heap

to madness. The author has attributed something of Of jarring atoms lay, has said respecting the fineness of the first stanza,

coquetry to the Marchioness, and added that it was And could not heave her head, the second may be instanced as one equally fine, if The tuneful voice was heard from high,

“ no doubt innocent.” But any coquetry, however not finer; certainly with less mixture of what is Arise, ye more than dead!

pardonable to the vanity of youth and beauty, is a weak. The remainder of the poem is unfortunately in order to their stations leap, Then cold and hot, and moist and dry,

very dangerous thing, and likely to bring heavy sordisfigured with conceits; one of which is associated And Music's pow'r obey.

rows on the light shoulders that think it an ornain our memory with a similar puerility into which it From harmony, from heav'nly harmony,

ment, especially if the heart be good, and capable of tempted Handel. In the music to the line, This universal frame began :

ultimate reflection. The poor Marchioness, by her From harmony to harmony,

affecting endeavours to secure her husband's life, apDepth of pains and height of passion, Through all the compass of the notes it ran,

pears to have been a woman of great natural tenderhe has put deep notes to the word depth, and high The diapason* closing full in man.

ness and conscientiousness, and probably thought the notes to the word height, as if there were analogy to

endeavours incumbent upon her, out of remorse for depth or height in either case, and the terms might

that very coquetry. not have been convertible, - depth of passion and

What passion cannot music raise and quell!

When Jubal struck the chorded shell, height of pain. But we wish to speak of these slips His listening brethren stood around,

This lady, whose misfortunes have served the sub

ject of romances, poems, and melodramas, was born of great men without irreverence. And, wond'ring, on their faces fell

at Avignon, in the year 1636. Nature and fortune St Cecilia (Sir Walter Scott tells us) was, according To worship that celestial sound.

seemed to have united to load her with their favours to her legend, a Roman virgin of rank, who flourished Less than a god they thought there could not dwell! in her early life, only that she might feel more acutely during the reign of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Within the hollow of that shell

the horrors of her subsequent fate. When she was She was a Christian, and by her purity of life, and That spoke so sweetly and so well.

little more than thirteen she was married to the Mar. constant employment in the praises of her Maker, What passion cannot Music raise and quell!) quis de Castellane, a grandson of the Duke of Villars. while yet on earth, obtained intercourse with an

On her bei introduced at Versailles, Louis XIV, angel. Being married to Valerianus, a Pagan, she

who was then very young, distinguished her amidst not only prevailed upon him to abstain from using The trumpet's loud clangour

the crowd of beauties which embellished the most any familiarity with her person, but converted him Excites us to arms,

brilliant court in Europe. The exquisite loveliness and his brother to Christianity. They were all With shrill notes of anger

of the Marchioness, the illustrious family of her martyrs for the faith in the reign of Septimius SeAnd mortal alarms;

husband, the immense fortune which she had brought Chaucer has celebrated this legend in • The The double, double, double beat

him, and the kind attention with which she had been Second Nonne's Tale,' which is almost a literal transOf the thund'ring drum

honoured by the King, all conspired to render her lation from the · Golden Legend of Jacobus Janu. Cries, Hark! the foes come;

the fashion, and she was soon known in Paris by no ensis. As all professions and fraternities, in ancient Charge, charge! 'tis too late to retreat.

other appellation than that of the beautiful Proventimes, made choice of a tutelar saint, Cecilia was

çal. Her first ties were soon broken. The Marquis elected the protectress of music and musicians. It

de Castellane, who was in the naval service, perished was even believed that she had invented the organ,

by shipwreck on the coast of Sicily. The Maralthough no good authority can be discovered for The soft complaining Alute

chioness, a blooming widow, rich, and without chilsuch an assertion. Her festival was celebrated from In dying notes discovers

dren, quickly saw all the most splendid youths of the an early period by those of the profession over whom The woes of hopeless lovers,

court flocking around her, and sueing for her hand., she presided.

Whose dirge is whisper'd by the warbling lute. Her unpropitious star destined her to give the preferThe revival of letters with the Restoration was

ence to the youthful Lanède, Marquis de Ganges. attended with a similar resuscitation of the musical

She was united to him in the month of July, 1658. art; but the formation of a Musical Society for the Sharp violins proclaim

Two months after the celebration of the marriage, annual commemoration of St Cecilia's day did not Their jealous pangs and desperation,

the Marquis took his wife to Avignon. Their bliss take place till 1680. An ode, written for the occaFury, frantic indignation,

during the first year of their union was uninterrupted. sion, was set to music by the most able professor, and Depth of pains, and height of passion,

The Marquis de Ganges had two brothers, the Abbé rehearsed before the society and their stewards upon For the fair disdainful dame.

and the Chevalier de Ganges. Both were so deeply the 224 November, the day dedicated to the patronegs.

smitten with the charms of their sister-in-law, that The first effusions of this kind are miserable enough.

* The diapason, with musicians, is a clord including all + St Cecilia is said to have invented the organ, though it Mr Malone has preserved a few verses of an ode, by notes. Perhaps Dryden remembered Spenser's allegorical

is not known when or how she came by this credit. Chauan anonymous author, in 1683; that of 1684 was description of the human figure and faculties :

cer introduces her as performing upon that instrument :-furnished by Oldham, whom our author has com- “ The frame thereof seem'd partly circular,

“And while that the organes maden melodie, memorated by an elegy; that of 1685 was written by And part triangular; 0, work divine !

To God alone thus in her heart sung she."

These two, the first and last, propitious are; Nahum Tate, and is given by Mr Malone, vol. I.

The one imperfect, mortal feminine,

The descent of the angel we have already mentioned. p. 274. There was no performance in 1686; and, The other immortal, perfect masculine ;

She thus announces this celestial attendant to her hus.

band:in 1687, Dryden furnished the following ode, which And 'twixt them both a quadrate was the base,

Proportion's equally by seven and pine;

« I bave an angel which that loveth me; was set to music by Draghi, an eminent Italian com

Nine was the circle set in heaven's place;

That with great love, wher so I wake or slepe, poser. Of the annual festival, Motteux gires the 111 which compacted made a goodly diapase."

Is ready aye my body for to kepe.". following account in

Fairy Queen, book II, canto ix, stanza 22.

1

The Second Nonne's Tale.

II.

III.

verus.

IV.

V.

BALZAC

consent.

they instantly became enamoured of her. At the ex. the poison. Her husband was present during her “ In this broiling month (July) I use every method piration of two or three years, some differences arose

last moments. There were very strong presumptions in my power to guard against the beat ; four servants between the married couple : on the one side, too against him; but the marchioness, still compassionate constantly fan my apartments ; they raise wind enough strong a tendency to dissipation, and on the other, a amidst the severest sufferings, did all that lay in her to make a tempestuous sea. * little coquetry, which, no doubt, was intirely inno- power to clear him from suspicion. The parliament “My wine is plunged into snow and ice till the cent, occasioned this slight disagreement. The Abbé, of Toulouse lost no time in instituting judicial pro- moment I drink it; I pass half my time in the cold who was naturally of an intriguing disposition, ex- ceedings against the criminals, and by a decree which bath, and divide the other half between an orange asperated and reconciled the husband and wife, just was issued on the 21st of August, 1667, the Abbé grove, cooled by a refreshing fountain, and my sofa ; as it suited his purposes.

As his sister-in-law made and the Chevalier de Ganges were outlawed, and I do not venture to cross the street, but in a coach. him her confidant, he hoped that he should ultimately sentenced to be broken on the wheel. After having “ Other people are content with scenting flowers, render her favourable to his passion ; but, as soon as had his property confiscated, and been degraded I have hit on the method of eating and drinking he disclosed it, his love was disdainfully rejected. from the rank of nobility, the marquis was condemned them; I protest that my chamber smells stronger of With the same pretensions, the Chevalier made the to perpetual hanishment by the same decree. The perfumes than Arabia Felix, and I am so lavish of same attempt, and was just as badly received. Not Chevalier found shelter in Malta, and was subsequently rose water and essence of jessamine, that I actually being able to succeed, the two brothers mutually con- killed in an engagement with the Turks. As to the swim in it. While my neighbours, at this sultry seafided to each other their criminal wishes, and, blend- Abbé, he sought an asylum in Holland, and there, son, are overloading their stomachs with solid food, I ing together both their resentments, they agreed to under a fictitious name, he passed through a variety subsist almost intirely on birds fed with sugar : take joint vengeance. From that period they sought of adventures, which might furnish the subject of a these, with jellies and fruit, are the whole of my the means of getting rid of their sister-in-law. Poison romance. It is much to be regretted that two such diet." was administered to the Marchioness in milk-choco- execrable wretches should have escaped the punish- He concludes with an acknowledgment, which is, late; but, whether it was the poison, being put in ment which was so justly awarded to them by the in fact, though undesignedly, a severe satire on himwith a trembling hand, was not sufficient in quantity, parliament of Toulouse.

self, or his patron, for paying his man so extravagantly or that the milk blunted the effect of it, she sustained

for being idle; “these are the whole of the services but little injury from it. The crime, however, did

I perform ; such are the duties of my office.” not pass undiscovered. To put a stop to the rumours

His twenty-first letter, written in the following on this subject, which were current in the city, the SPECIMENS OF CELEBRATED December, may be considered as a practical sermon Marquis proposed to his wife to spend the autumn on

AUTHORS.

on the passage I have recited; it was written during his estate of Ganges. The Marchioness consented,

a severe fit of the gout, probably produced by his which seems rather extraordinary; but in human

luxurious indolence. events there are always some circumstances which are In selecting, from our best storehouse, the Romance After comparing this cruel disease to the wild inexplicable. It appears that the Marchioness had of Real Life in our last number, we met with

beasts of Africa and the monsters of the deep, he proforebodings of her fate; for in a letter to her mother, the following entertaining account of Balzac, who, as

ceeds to describe, with his usual vivacity, the weak dated from the castle of Ganges, she declared that

state it had reduced him to :-" I am now become so she could not traverse the gloomy avenues of that

a brother wit and dandy of the writer whom we gave valiant and courageous, that if a troop of horse melancholy residence without a feeling of terror. some specimens of in No. 32, we thought would pursued me, I would not run away; and so proud, Her husband, who had accompanied her thither, left fitly come after him. Balzac was given to more real

that if his Holiness the Pope made me a visit, I should her with his two brothers, and returned to Avignon.

not wait on him to the door.” Not long before her quitting that city, the Mar: solemnity in his pomp than Voiture ; but, like him,

Persons better acquainted with the history of chioness had come into possession of a considerable had real talents, and occasionally exhibits considerable

that period than the editor of this collection, will inheritance; and it is a fact that proves that she grace and pleasantry. He partook with him the probably discover who it is that Balzac describes in suspected the family into which she had entered, afflicting consequences of celebrity as a letter-writer,

the following words : “ The loveliest Princess in and perhaps even her husband, that she made a will having at last such a load of correspondence, in an

Italy is married, is doomed to pass her days, and, at Avignon, by which, in case of her death, she con

alas, her nights, with a brute ! Judge only of his perfided her property, till her children were of age, to swering which he felt himself bound to be witty, that

son : he has a bull's neck, a face so overcharged with Madame de Rossan, her mother. This will became he laboured, in a double sense, under the fatigue of blood, that you expect him to sink down every mothe pretext of an inveterate persecution of the Mar- his agreeableness. It was the fashion, at one time,

ment in an apoplexy; teeth so black, that it would chioness by her brothers-in-law. They so strongly for every gentleman in France, who aspired to be

be as easy to whiten an Ethiopian ; a nose and a and perseveringly pressed her to revoke it, that she thought a man of taste, to write a letter to Balzac on

stomach of so enormous a projection, &c. &c. In was at last weak enough to They

short, his supposing it possible for a pretty woman to had no sooner carried their point, than they made a purpose to get an answer, which lie might show about. love him, is a sin against nature and common sense. second attempt to poison her, but with no better Notwithstanding the cruel turn of his bigotry, the

The following is a brief but well drawn sketch of success than before. The monsters had, however, result of bad breeding in matters of religion, our

some eminent Italian personage, I suspect of the gone too far to allow of their receding. Being one

Pope himself.

“ There has not been since the death of Nero, a day obliged to keep her bed by indisposition, the author was an honest man; and directed himself, marchioness saw her brothers-in-law enter the room. in his will, to be buried " at the feet of the poor” in

Prince who has made a better buffoon; he composes In one hand the Abbé had a pistol, and in the other Angoulème, to the hospital and Capuchin convent of skill of a master, he recites Ariosto with impressive cor

verses and sets them to music, with the dexterity and a glass of poison : the Chevalier had a drawn sword which city he was a generous benefactor. under his arm. You must die, madam, said the

rectness, and possesses a just taste in painting, sculpAbbé; choose whether by pistol, sword, or poison. Balzac (says the authority before-mentioned) was

ture, and vertà; in a word, he excels in every art, The marchioness, in a state bordering on distraction, a French writer in the early part of the seventeenth

science, and trade, except his own: a thousand crowns could not believe her senses : she sprang out of bed, century, the friend of Voiture, the favourite and cor- a year has lately been given to an author who prethrew herself at the feet of her brothers, and asked respondent of Cardinal Richlieu, the Duke d’Esper

sented a learned and elaborate dissertation, in which what crime she had committed. Choose! was the non, and Cardinal de la Villette: as a public agent

he endeavours to prove that his generous patron is only answer which the assassins made. Seeing that of the last, he resided at Rome in 1621, and part of

lineally descended from Julius Cæsar.” there was no hope of assistance, the unfortunate lady the following year.

Balzac then proceeds, with the entertaining protook the glass which the Abbé presented to her, and After making allowances for constitutional vanity, lixity of a Frenchman, to describe the house in which swallowed the contents, while he held the pistol to extravagance, and the faux-brillant, it cannot be de- he resides. “It is neither so elegant nor so costly as her breast. This horrible scene being finished, the nied that his letters contain many fine turns and witty Fontainebleau, but it has a charming wood behind it, monsters retired, and locked the victim into the room, passages; but, notwithstanding the assertions of his which the solar rays cannot penetrate, and is admirapromising to send to her a confessor, the spiritual aid preface writer, Motte-Aigron (Troyes, 1634, 12mo. bly calculated for an invalid with weak eyes, or to of whom she had requested as a last favour. She excellent type), the idea of publication was evidently make an ordinary woman appear tolerably handsome. was now alone ; her first thought was to escape; her uppermost in the mind of Balzac, at the moment he “ The trees, covered with foliage to their very roots, next was to try various means of removing from her wrote; he is perpetually on the look-out for good are crowded with turtle doves and pheasants; wherever stomach the poison which she had been forced to things, and exhibits in every page strong proofs of I walk, I tread upon tulips and anemones, which I take : in the latter she partly succeeded by putting literary labour, and the toil of invention.

have ordered my gardener to plant among the other one of the locks of her hair down her throat. Then, It is to be lamented that so agreeable a writer, and flowers, to prove that the French strangers do not suffer half-naked, she threw herself into the court-yard, so pleasant a man, should have imbibed the religious in a comparison with their Italian friends.though the window was nearly eight yards from the prejudices of the times and the intolerant spirit of A truce at that time signed with the Hugonots, ground. But how was she to escape from her mur- his patrons; he joins heartily in the cry of persecu- occasioned the loyal and religous zeal of Balzac again to derers, who would speedily be aware of her flight, and tion, and echoes the court cants against the Hugo- burst forth. “I will not take the liberty,” he observes, were masters of all the outlets from the castle? The nots. In his fifteenth letter to the Duke d’Espernon, “to anticipate his Majesty's gracious intentions, but he unfortunate marchioness implored the compassion of there occurs on this subject a piece of Jesuitism un- may rest assured that nothing can ever soften the one of the servants, who let her out into the fields worthy of a literary character and an honest man. heart, or change the disposition of an heretic; howthrough a stable door. She was quickly pursued by “ The fall of heresy is decreed by heaven as certain ever he may be flattered or soothed, and whatever he the Abbé and Chevalier, who represented her as a as the day of judgment, and to oppose its suppression may say or swear, a Hugonot will always be rebelmad woman to a farmer, in whose house she had is to resist the will of God. It cannot be very diffi- lious against a Catholic sovereign. taken refuge. It was here that the crime was to be cult for a great Prince to find or to make them • From the first rise of the heterodox opinions, to consummated. The Chevalier, who hitherto had guilty; indeed, every species of deception is justifi- the present hour, they have always more

or less appeared less ferocious than his brother, followed her able if it ultimately tends to the everlasting happi- detied the constituted authorities of every country from room to room, and having come up with her in a ness of those we deceive.

in which they have resided; the cautionary towns remote apartment, the villain gave her two stabs in • Do we ask a madman whether he chooses a are the focus of sedition and rebellion. Let us only the breast, and five in the back, at the moment that straight-waistcoat? Would a father, who saw his suppose for the sake of argument that the king's subshe was trying to get away:

The blows were so son sinking in a rapid stream, suffer him to be jects of the true religion were in a similar way to violent that the sword was broken, and part of it drowned, rather than drag him out by the hair of his demand fortresses and towns, and, in proportion to remained in the shoulder. The cries of the miserable head ? "

their numbers ?-little more would remain for our lady brought the neighbours to the place, and the A sentiment of Balzac's, which follows this curious master to reign over, than his palaces, and royal Abbé, who had staid at the door to prevent any help doctrine in the same letter, will be its best refutation : demesnes.” from coming to her, entered the house with the “ No consideration can alter the nature of things; 'In his forty-second letter, written at Rome, during crowd. Enraged to see that the marchioness was not no circumstance or situation can make proper that the disturbance and intrigues which agitated the yet dead, he presented his pistol to her breast, but it which is of itself base and unjust.”

College of Cardinals previous to the election of Alexmissed fire. The spectators, who had hitherto been In his twentieth letter, written from Rome to the ander Ludovirio, who afterwards assumed the Papal terrified, now rushed to seize the Abbé; but by dint Cardinal de la Villette, he acknowledges the receipt tile of Gregory the Fifteenth, our author is satirical, of hard struggles he effected his escape.

Madame de of a remittance, and proceeds to inform his Eminence lively, and pleasant ;-_these are his words. Ganges lived nineteen days after this event, and did of the manner in which he means to spend it. On " Listen, and I will relate strange things; one of not expire till she had publicly implored the divine this subject he writes as if he understood and valued the candidates for the tripal crown keeps in constant mercy for her assassins. On her body being opened, the luxuries he describes ; but the lively Frenchman pay six astrologers to consult the stars on the probathe bowels were found to be corroded by the effect of cannot suppress extravagant byperbole.

bility of his success; another takes money of two

.

parties and coolly votes for a third; others are suddenly afficted with the most dangerous complaints; , and can scarcely rise from their chairs in the hope of ' being chosen, on the probability of another election speedily taking place; it is often found, that a cardinal of a puny constitution, sinking under age and infirmity, makes a robust and long-lived Pope; in short, I see on every side simony, fraud, simulation and dissimulation; good faith, moral purity, disinterestedness, and simplicity of heart, are altogether banished from the conclave."

The forty-ninth letter is written to his mistress, during a severe indisposition, and under the irritating impressions of jealousy. On this occasion, he gives utterance to the violence of his rage till he fancies his rant is sublime. “ If my hand wielded but for one hour the thunderbolt of Jove," says the outrageous lover, “not a palace or a tower should stand intire on the surface of the globe."

THE DRAWING ROOM SCRAP-BOOK

FOR 1835. We take shame to ourselves for not having given a more instant notice of this Christmas and New Year periodical (a handsome present for the season), full of Miss Landon's poetry and of beautiful plates; but we hoped to write a longer article in reference to some feelings which have been touchingly expressed by the fair contributor of the letter-press; and as we cannot do this forthwith, we must delay our notice no longer. We rejoice to see, in this year's book, that Miss Landon has given signs of a resolution to turn her poetical faculty to its best and most poetical account,--that of seeing happiness wherever she can, instead of lamenting where it is not to be found. Poetry is angelical, and should strike pleasure wherever it comes. Indeed it cannot help doing sc in some measure, even when it laments that there is no pleasure. Its very tones and pleasurable images refute it. But if it is content to repeat the commonplaces of regret, as the ground-work of its song, instead of animating hope and endeavour, it does but the more dangerously tend to keep up the useless delusions of despondency; whereas, like the sweetness of perfect womanhood itself, it should be incapable of doing us anything but service, and making us full of gratitude for joy doubled, or patience irresistible.

Among the plates are some specimens of oriental architecture (the most beautiful union of richness and grace in building), English landscapes by Mr Allom, likenesses of the two Miss Porters, Sir James Macintosh, &c., but above all, a portrait of Raphael, exquisite, and we have no doubt the genuine thing, refined to the last degree, truly noble and selfpossessed, serious, but with a world of pleasurability implied in the features and expression. We shall not be easy till we have it hanging up in our study. In the following passages from Miss Landon's poetry, we have kept some verses on it till the last. The latter part of them is supposed to be addressed to the painter by his mistress, the celebrated Fornarina. These three extracts contain three excellent lessons, on the treatment of children, on the tasks of manhood, and on the enjoyments to be derived from imagination and affection when their tasks have succeeded in refining the world.

No: only taught by love to love,

INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHOOSING A
Seems childhood's natural task ;
Affection, gentleness, and hope,

DWELLING-HOUSE
Are all its brief years ask.

BY I. J. KENT, ESQ. ARCHITECT.

(From the Architectural Magazine,' a new monthly AMELIORATION AND THE FUTURE, MAN's NOBLE TASKS. publication, discussing everything connected with

house and homestead, and conducted with his usual Fall, fall, ye mighty temples to the ground: Not in your sculptur'd rise

industry, precision, and ability, by Mr Loudon.] Is the real exercise

Sır,—There are few persons, whatever may be Of human nature's brightest power found.

their rank in society, who have not occasion, at some

period or other of their lives, to make choice of a 'Tis in the lofty hope, the daily toil,

house. Perhaps I should not be far wrong were I 'Tis in the gifted line,

to say that this duty has to be performed by most ' In each far thought divine

men several times. How much of health, comfort, That brings down heaven to light our common soil.

economy in living, and respectability of appearance

depends on the choice made, few people, I believe, 'Tis in the great, the lovely, and the true,

are aware; and still fewer have an idea of the 'Tis in the generous thought,

seemingly trifling, and, I may almost say, invisible

circumstances, on which the comfort of a house Of all that man has wrought,

sometimes depends. Before entering on the details Of all that yet remains for man to do.

of my subject, I shall just mention one of the seem

ingly trifling circumstances alluded to. RAPHAEL. Suppose a new house, most substantially built

, and Ah! not for him the dull and measurd eye,

in every apparent circumstance eligible either for Which colours nothing in the common sky,

purchase or occupation, and that the intended occuWhich sees but night upon the starry cope,

pier or purchaser has completed his bargain, without And animates with no mysterious hope.

examining the subsoil, and the manner in which the

foundation walls are built. On the supposition that Which looks upon a quiet face, nor dreams

the subsoil is dry, all will be very well, and the house If it be ever tranquil as it seems ; Which reads no histories in a passing look,

will turn out what it appears to be. But supposing,

on the other hand, that the subsoil should be a clay, Nor on the cheek which is the heart's own book,

or a stratum of moist gravel, or moist soil of any Wheseon it writes in rosy characters

kind, and that the foundation walls should have been Whate'er emotion in its silence stirs.

built with spongy bricks and bad mortar, and not Such are the common people of the soul,

with good hard brick or Roman cement; the conOf whom the stars write not in their bright scroll.

sequence of this will be, that the kitchen and other These, when the sunshine at the noontide makes

apartments on the ground floor will appear dry and Golden confusion in the forest brakes,

comfortable for a year, or perhaps longer; but after See no sweet shadows gliding o'er the grass, this, from the bottoms of the walls acting like sponges Which seems to fill with wild flowers as they pass ;

in absorbing moisture from the soil, the damp will rise These from the twilight music of the fount,

up through them more and more every year, till, Ask not its secret and its sweet account :

at last, it will reach 6 ft. or 8 ft. above the exterior These never seek to read the chronicle

surface of the ground. I could refer to a house, in Which hides within the hyacinth's dim-lit bell :

all other respects most substantially and judiciously They know not of the poetry which lies

built, and surrounded by dry areas as deep as the Upon the summer rose's languid eyes;

footing of the walls, but on a clayey soil, and without They have no spiritual visitings elysian,

cement being used in the foundations, in which the They dream no dreamings, and they see no vision

damp, in the course of eight years, has risen as high The young Italian was not of the clay, That doth to dust one long allegiance pay.

as the parlour floor; and the family occupying the

house are now quite surprised at finding their furni. No; he was tempered with that finer flame,

ture becoming mouldy there, after having been for Which ancient fables say from heaven came;

years without experiencing anything of the kind. The sunshine of the soul, which fills the earth

This, I think, will show the importance of using With beauty borrow'd from its place of birth,

cement in the foundations of all houses placed on Hence has the lute its song, the scroll its line;

damp soils, and of examining the foundations under Hence stands the statue glorious as its shrine;

the lowest foors before taking a house, to see if this Hence the fair picture, kings are fain to win,,

has been done. I shall now proceed to my subject. The mind's creation from the world within.

The choice of a house will in some respects de

pend on the size and character of the house required, THE FORNARINA TO RAPHAEL.

the purpose for which it is to be used, and the station Not without me!-alone, thy hand

in life of the party intending to occupy it. There Forgot its art awhile ;

are some things, however, common to all houses, Thy peneil lost its high command

which should be especially attended to, whether in a Uncherish'd by my smile.

building intended solely for business, or in a private It was too dull a task for thee

residence. The first points to be considered are, the To paint remember'd rays ;

nature and character of the soil on which the house Thou, who wert want to gaze on me,

is erected, and whether it is effectually drained, or is And colour from that gaze.

capable of being drained so as to be kept perfectly

dry; for no advantages in other respects can comI know that I am very fair,

pensate for a damp situation, both as regards health I would I were divine

and property. A house built in a damp situation, To realize the shapes that share

even though the greatest care has been taken in makThose midnight hours of thine.

ing an artificial foundation of concrete (which has Thou sometimes tell'st me, how in sleep

lately been done in many places), is still unwholeWhat lovely phantoms seem;

some; and should the materials of the foundation be I hear thee name them, and I weep,

of inferior quality, such as place (that is, soft halfToo jealous of a dream.

burnt) bricks, and soft pine timber (also a common case), it will speedily decay, and be a constant and unavoidable expense.

A gravelly soil is the best to But thou did'st pine for me, my love,

build on, provided care be taken to keep out the land Aside thy colours thrown;

springs, by drains below the level of the bottom of 'Twas sad to raise thine eyes above

the walls; or hard sand, if gravel cannot be found: Unanswer'd by my own:

but soft sand or clay is to be avoided if possible. Thou who art wont to lift those eyes,

The construction of the house is a matter of
And gather from my face
The warmth of life's impassion'd dyes,

serious importance to any person about to take a Its colour and its grace.

lease ; as, by doing this, he will probably render himself liable to reinstate dilapidations, many of which

may be in an incipient state when he takes possession. Ah! let me linger at thy side,

It is therefore quite advisable, and, indeed, is impeAnd sing some sweet old song,

rative on every person who is unacquainted with the That tells of hearts as true and tried,

nature of building, to employ a respectable architect, As to ourselves belong.

surveyor, or builder, to examine the strength and The love whose light thy colours give,

durability of the house he is about to engage, in orIs kindled at the heart,

der to ascertain whether it is likely to remain strong And who shall bid its influence live,

and firm for a number of years. The intended tenMy Raphael, if we part?

ant should also try to discover the nature of the soil, by which he will also ascertain that of the air which he will have to breathe. In low damp situations,

it is well known that the air is at all times charged Cloth of Silvander.-La Calprenede having got a with a greater degree of moisture than is the case in good sum by a romance, bought a very rich suit of dry open situations. A moist air suits very few conclothes ; and an acquaintance asking him of what stuff stitutions, even in our humid climate, and seldom his clothes were? he replied, " They are Silvander;" fails to bring on rheumatism, more especially in which was the title of the piece which had procured those who cannot afford to live well and take abundhim the money...

ance of exercise.

1

CHILDREN.

A word will fill the little heart

With pleasure and with pride ; It is a harsh, a cruel thing,

That such can be denied.

And yet how many weary hours

Those joyous creatures know; How much of sorrow and restraint

They to their elders owe!

How much they suffer from our faults!

How much from our mistakes! How often, too, mistaken zeal

An infant's misery makes.

We over-rule and over-teach,

We curb and we confine,
And put the heart to school too soon,

To learn out narrow line,

tune.

Another important matter to be attended to, is the rooms, the partitions on the upper floors cannot be sesses conveniences that cause it to be occupied by thorough ventilation of houses; for should the air placed perpendicularly over the lower partitions; the wealthy tradesman and gentleman of good forbecome stagnant from want of a free ventilation, even in this case, the timber partitions ought to be

It is usually 20 ft. or 30 ft. wide in front, by particularly in houses that have a story underground, trussed up, so as to rest their weight upon the side 30 ft. to 40 ft. deep, with additional rooms at the it is highly injurious to the persons living, and par- walls. All timber partitions should be filled in with back. It can, and does in many instances, contain ticularly sleeping, in them. There should, therefore, brick nogging. If this were universally done, and all the apartments required by a family keeping their be windows both in the back and front, and, when the party and other walls and partitions plastered, so carriage, footman, housekeeper, &c.; and has attached possible, at the sides also. From rooms in the base- as to prevent all draughts of air, it would tend more to it, or in some mews in the immediate neighbourment story, and cellars that have neither fire-places to check the progress of fire, than any other mode of hood, a coach-house and stable. These houses are nor windows, there should be air-fues carried up construction : indeed, I think, if you were to make usually built with two windows in the width of the to the open air. Care should likewise be taken that a fire on the floor of a room so constructed, it would front, but many of them have three windows in this the floor in the basement story is raised above the burn itself out, without communicating with the width. The rooms are higher and better finished soil, and that air is freely admitted to circulate be- timber partition; or, at all events, so little would be than in the houses of the third and fourth classes. tween the soil and the floor, whether that floor is of the tendency of the fire to spread (for want of a The first-rate class of buildings embraces all houses wood or stone. Where this is properly attended to, current of air), that a very moderate application of containing more than 900 superficial feet on the these low rooms may be used as sleeping-rooms; but water would put it out. But where the floors are ground floor, and includes the residences of the nobiwhere it is not, they are by no means fit or proper pugged with mortar, care must be taken that the lity and gentry and the wealthiest class of profesfor any human being to sleep in.

timbers are well seasoned and dried, and not taken, sional men and merchants. Houses of this class may Stability, light and air are three grand desiderata as is customary, even in some of our largest build- be said to be unrestricted as to size, either in height in every house, and should be particularly attended ings, wet out of the Thames, sawed, and fixed, and or width; the other classes are by the Building Act to in the choice of one. The roof is a part of a house closed up in the building in a few weeks, reeking restricted as to dimensions in their plan, their height, which should be carefully examined; for if it be with wet, and exuding moisture at their extremities and expence; though the height and expence of a badly constructed (too common a case with the houses after the weight of the superincumbent walls is put on house are not now taken into consideration in deci. built on speculation, both in London and the country),

them.

The dry rot and premature decay are the ding the rate or class to which it belongs. with narrow gutters, and those difficult of access, frequent consequences of this careless and ignorant

A new Building Act is drawn up, and approved, you may generally expect the wet to penetrate to the mode of building.

which, it is expected, will pass into a law next year ; upper rooms after any heavy fall of snow or rain. The particular character of houses in towns is, that and it is greatly to be hoped that in this new law the Many of the best houses built in London are covered they are many stories high, having generally one

absurdities of the present act will be avoided. with lead; this is the best of covering. The next is story in the basement, wholly or partially below the

1. J. Kext. slate, if of good quality, and with wide lead gutters,

surface of the ground; over this is a ground or par- Manor Place, Paddington, Nov. 16, 1833. with lead flushings (strips of leads covering joints) lour floor, a one-pair or drawing-room floor, a twoto them, and to those parts of the walls which are pair or best bed-room floor, and an attic floor. This carried up higher than the slating. Zinc-covered is the general arrangement; but many houses have roofs seldom keep out the wet many years; and tiles other attics, or garrets above these, in the roof. This

BURNS. in London are now rarely used, except in very in

arises from the high price of the ground in towns, ferior houses. and may be excusable in great thoroughfares, where

He was often advised to write a tragedy: time and that the site on which it is built is healthy; the him to have two rooms in front, and some space In your choice of a house, having satisfied yourself shops let at a high rate; for even if the landlord were desirous of giving his tenant a wide frontage to enable

means were not lent him for this, but through life drainage good ; the roof properly constructed, and

he enacted a tragedy, and one of the deepest. We free of access, not merely for the purpose of keeping

behind, it would most likely be divided by the tenant, question whether the world has since witnessed so out the wet, but as a safeguard and means of eseape

and underlet. A serious evil, however, arises from utterly sad a scene ; whether Napoleon himself, left to in case of fire; the next portion of the building to

the great landed proprietors round London allowing brawl with Sir Hudson Lowe, and perish on his rock, the ground to be divided and

subdivided by speculating such a spectacle of pity and fear,” as did this intrin. examine is the substance of the walls, with the ma

“amid the melancholy main,” presented to the mind terials of which they are composed. The soft, half

builders or agents, so that there is now scarcely a burnt bricks, called place-bricks by the builders,

house built with a yard large enough to dry a few sically nobler, gentler, and perhaps greater soul, ought never to be employed in the walls of any build.

clothes in ; a garden is out of the question, except in wasting itself away in a hopeless struggle with base ing which it is desirable to keep dry. Whenever some few instances

, and those are far between. This entanglements

, which coiled closer and closer round these bricks are found in the foundation of the party is a subject worthy of the attention of the legislature; him, till only death opened him an outlet

. Conwalls, the house should be rejected; and if they are

and some restraints should be imposed on landlords, querors are a race with whom the world could well disseen in the outside of any of the external walls,

particularly as to drainage and roads. If, before a pense; nor can the hard intellect, the unsympathising you may expect every beating rain which falls landlord could dispose of his land for building pur- loftiness, and high but selfish enthusiasm of such perto penetrate into them.

sons inspire us in general with any affection ; at best, Such walls suck in

poses, he were compelled to engage to form the roads the water like a sponge, and give it out to all and footpaths next to his intended houses to the

it may excite amazement, and their fall, like that of the interior fittings-up and finishings. Sound, hard, satisfaction of the parish or some other authority,

a pyramid, will be beheld with a certain sadness and well-burnt bricks, called stocks, are the strongest, the sewers to the satisfaction of the commissioners of

But a true poet, a man in whose heart resides most durable, and best calculated to resist the weasewers, and to see that good and sufficient drains

some effluence of wisdom, some tone of the “ eternal ther, and keep the inside of a house dry, provided the

from every house were built, a penalty being incurred melodies,” is the most precious gift that can be bemortar used with them is composed of fresh-burnt if any house on his estate should be inhabited before

stowed on a generation; we see in him a freer, purer stone lime and sharp road grit or sand, and is well

an effectual drainage were formed, it would tend very development of whatever is noblest in ourselves; his mixed. The stock brieks absorb but little moisture, class of society, and the poor especially.

much to the health and the comfort of the middle life is a rich lesson to us; and we mourn his death as and that little is soon evaporated; whereas the place

that of a benefactor who loved and taught us. or soft bricks absorb a large quantity of moisture,

The restraint imposed by the Building Act has, in

Such a gift had nature in her bounty bestowed on and allowing that to pass through them into the the neighbourhood of London, tended much to pro- us in Robert Burns; but with queen-like indiffermiddle of the wall, are a long tiine wet; because the duce a kind of house called a fourth-rate house ; and ence she cast it from her hand, like a thing of no centre of a wall retains the moisture long after the the smallest of these are built principally for the

moment; and it was defaced and torn asunder, as an surface is dry. It is particularly desirable, as I have occupation of the poor, in the suburbs of London, in

idle bauble, before we recognised it. To the illbefore stated, for the walls of houses built on clay, or inferior situations. These houses consist of two

starred Burns was given the power of making man's on any moist soil, to have a few courses of the brick- rooms; they have generally from 12 ft. to 14 ft. front

life more venerable ; but that of wisely guiding his work above the ground laid in Roman cemen age, and are from 12 ft. to 14 ft. deep, having an

own was not given. Destiny-for so in our ignoThe timber used in any building should be timber access on the ground floor in front into the lower

rance we must speak, his faults, the faults of others, of slow growth, such as the fir of cold climates

room, and steps outside at the back leading into the proved too hard for him; and that spirit which might (Norway or Sweden, for example), or oak.

Three, four, or more have a yard and

have soared, could it have but walked, soon sunk to work under or near the ground, the oak should be of description are rarely properly drained or ventilated, other conveniences in common. Dwellings of this

the dust ; its glorious faculties trodden under foot in English growth; but the American oak may be used and therefore form nurseries for the cholera and all

the blossom, and died, we may almost say, without

ever having lived. And so kind and warm a soul, so with propriety above ground.

full of inborn riches, of love to all living and lifeless timber fit for joists and sleepers (joists Jaid on the other diseases. They are usually let at from three

things! How his heart flows out in sympathy over tops of dwarf walls) next the ground, unless the soil shillings to four shillings per week each room. is particularly dry, and the floor well ventilated.

There are some houses of this class presenting a

universal nature, and, in her bleakest provinces, disThe strength of the joists and other timbers, of very decent appearance, and occupied by respectable cerns a beauty and a meaning! The daisy falls not which the several floors are composed, is another tradesmen and mechanics, having about 15 ft. wide

unhecded under his ploughshare, nor the ruined nest subject of importance to every one about to take a in front by 23 feet deep, with a basement story, cel

of that “wee, cow'ring, timorous beastie,” cast forth, lease of a house.

after all its provident pains, to “thole the sleety dribIf these are weak, they will

lars and wash-house, a parlour floor of two small necessarily shake, if the tenant allows his friends to rooms, a drawing-room floor over, and two bed-rooms

ble, and cranreuch cauld.” The “ hoar visage," of enjoy the delightful recreation of dancing on them; over that, which generally let for, from 251. to 401.

winter delights him: he dwells with a sad and oftand though the floors may not absolutely give way, contain, and the conveniences they afford. The back 2-year rent, according to the number of rooms they returning fondness on these scenes of solemn desola.

tion; but the voice of the tempest becomes an anyet I have known the ceiling and cornices of many modern houses from this cause, amongst others, very tion is obliged, by the Building Act, to be "curbed room on the two pair floor of a house of this descrip

them to his ears; he loves to walk in the sounding

woods, for it raises his thoughts to Himthat walketh unceremoniously desert their posts, and pay their

on the wings of the wind." A true poet-soul, for it respects to the floor of the room they were intended (contracted by being carried up into the roof ) which

needs but to be struck, and the sound it yields will to crown.

This is an accident much to be deprecated, spoils the room; and the guiters are frequently so especially as it is very likely to happen (as it did at narrow at the bottom of the curb, and they convey

be music! But observe him chiefly as he mingles

with his brother-men. What warm, all-comprehendthe house of a friend of mine) at a time of all others

the water into, rather than off, the house. the most annoying, viz. : when you have friends with The next class of town house, according to the ing fellow-feeling! What trustful, boundless love !

What generous exaggeration of the object loved ! you, and are in the highest spirits, little anticipating Building Act, is the third-rate house, which is from

His rustic friend, his nut-brown maiden, are no longer such an event. The floors in houses of the first and about 17 ft. to 18 ft. wide in front, and from 28 ft.

mean and homely, but a hero and queen, whom he second class of buildings, are usually pugged (filled to 29 ft. deep. Houses of this class generally con

prizes as the paragons of earth. The rough scenes of in between the floor of one room and the ceiling of tain the same number of rooms as the largest size Scottish life, not seen by him in any Arcadian illuthat below it, with mortar, &c.,) to destroy sound, fourth-rate, with an attic story over, in addition; sion, but in the rude contradiction, in the smoke and and as a security against fire. When this is not done, this story is sometimes partly in the roof, but more

soil of a too harsh reality, are still lovely to him. Poit is an unpardonable omission on the part of the generally the walls are carried up to allow the rooms

verty is indeed his companion ; but love also, and builder, as the expence is small, and the benefit square. At the back of the parlour floor there

courage; the simple feelings, the worth, the noblegreat. All the partitions of a house should, if pos

is frequently built a small room, used as a dressing ness, that dwell under the straw roof, are dear and sible, be brick walls. At all events, no timber

These houses have generally venerable to his heart; and thus over the lowest propartitions ought to be admitted in the basement or two windows in the width of their front.

vinces of man's existence he pours the glory of his lower story of any house, nor any of the upper

The next class of house, the second-rate, is of a own soul, and they rise, in shadow and sunshine, stories, except where, from the arrangement of the better and larger description, and frequently pos. softly brightened into a beauty which other eyes dis

awe.

If for upper room.

to be

room or store room.

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