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BUTTERFLIES AND ELECTRIC SILK.

he found that, by rubbing the tube, the ball was con- raised pine pounds, wanting a few ounces; and when POURTH WEEK IN APRIL.

stantly enabled to attract light bodies in the court the two rough surfaces were contiguous, they raised fifbelow,

teen pounds one pennyweight and a half. Cutting off the His next attempt was to prove whether this power ends of the thread, and the tufts of silk which had been The butterflies now come out, harbingers of their could be conveyed horizontally, as well as perpendicu- left in the inside of the stockings, was found to be very more numerous brethren in May, and tickling or tickled larly. With this view he fixed a cord to a nail which unfavourable to these experiments. by the air and flowers,—we hardly know which it looks loop at that end which bung down, he inserted his pack

was in one of the beams of the ceiling; and making a Mr. Symmer also observed that pieces of white and most. They seem as if they could not fly an inch for thread, with the ball which was at the end of it, through

black silk, when highly electrified, not only cohered with

each other, but would also adhere to bodies with broad joy, without making all sorts of starts and antics, the loop of the cord, and retired with the tube to the and even polished surfaces, though these bodies were Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles,

other end of the room; but in tbis state he found that not electrified. This he discovered accidentally, having

the ball bad totally lost the power of attraction. Upon without design, thrown a stocking out of his hand, as though they were intoxicated with suddenly emerging mentioning his disappointed efforts to a friend, it was which stuck to the paper hanging of the room. He reout of their strange death-like prison, into the liberties suggested that the cord which he had used to support peated the experiment, and found it would continue of light and love. We should like to hear what the de- his pack-thread, might be so coarse as to intercept the hanging nearly an hour. Having stuck up the black spisers of colours and gaiety have to say to the manifest medy this evil by employing a silk string, which was

power; and they accordingly attempted to re- and white stockings in this manner, he came with an

other pair, highly electrified, and applying the white delight which nature takes in painting the butterflies much stronger in proportion than a hempen cord. With to the black, and the black to the white, he carried and flowers, to say nothing of fields, skies, and other this apparatus the experiment succeeded far beyond them off the wall

, each of them banging to that which trifles, and the whole starry heavens. The rainbow, their expectations. Encouraged by their success, and had been brought to it. The same experiments held too , is a pretty sweep of a painter's brush ; and there attributing it wholly to the fineness of the silk, they pro- with the painted boards of the room, and likewise with

ceeded to support the packthread, to which the ball the looking-glass, to the smooth surface of which both the are the sunrises and sunsets. We have seen the was attached by very fine brass and iron wire; but, to white and the black silk appeared to adhere more tenalatter in the Mediterranean, finer than Claude's. But their utter astonishment, found the effect exactly the ciously than to either of the former.

same as when they used the hempen cord; the electriwe must have“ an article" on this subject.

Similar experiments, but with a greater variety of cal virtue utterly parted away; while, on the other circumstances, were afterwards made by Mr. Cigna of A great deal of pains has sometimes been taken to hand, when the packthread was supported by a silken Turin, upon white and black ribands. He took two show that the butterfly undergoes no real change from cord, they were able to convey the electric virtue seven white silk ribands, just dried at the fire, and extended its caterpillar and pupa state, all its wings, &c., being hundred and sixty-five feet.

them upon a smooth plane, whether a conducting or included in its sereral succession of forms, like a lady upon some peculiar quality in the silk, which disabled

It was evident, therefore, that these effects depended electric substance was a matter of indifference. He

then drew over them the sharp edge of an ivory ruler, who should be full-dressed for a ball, while wrapped it from conducting away the electrical power, as the and found that both ribands had acquired electricity up in ber night-gown. As if that, (supposing it to be hempen cord and the wire had done.

enough to adhere to the plane, though, while they contitrue, and the question is still undecided,) made any knowledge of the non-conducting powers of various other

The accidental discovery of Mr. Gray led to the nued there, they showed no other sign of it. When taken

ap separately, they were both negatively electrified, and difference in the wonder! We like these getters rid of substances; and since the nature of electricity has been would repel each other. In their separation, electric mysteries! To change internally, they think, is really more deeply investigated, the true electric properties of sparks were perceived between them, but when again surprizing ; but to change only in ontward guise, and to most substances have become known, and are now di- put on the plane, or forced together, no light was per

vided into electrics and non-electrics. The following ceived without another friction. When by the operation carry all your future clothes and wings with you,

substances are among the principal conductors of the elec- just now mentioned, they had acquired the negative packed up, first in a sort of feeding machine on sixteen

tric fluid; namely, sloney substances in general, more electricity, if they were placed, not upon the smooth legs, then in a kind of living coffin, boxed up and sense- especially those of a calcareous nature, such as lime, body on which they had been rubbed, but on a rough less, and then suddenly waking, and getting upon six marble, &c., sulphuric acid, black pyrites, black lead, conducting substance, they would, on their separation, legs instead of sixteen, and dancing up into the air,

alum, charcoal, all the metallic ores, the animal fluids, show contrary electricities, which would again disappear and all other fluids, except air and oils.

on their being joined together. If they had been made ready for all sorts of ethereal pranks, this they count The electric hodies are those substances, which when to repel each other, and were afterwards forced together, nothing, or at best, as an explanation of the whole excited, collect or emit the fluid, such as amber, sulpbur, and placed on the rough surface abovementioned, they mystery. As if there were any explanation in the jet, glass, and all precious crystallized stones, all resi- would, in a few minutes, be mutually attracted, the lowermatter! or the mystery were not as great as ever; or

nous compounds, and all dry substances, such as silk, most being positively, and the uppermost negatively hair, wool, paper, &c.

electrified. any one thing not as wonderful as

any
other.

Silk was first discovered to be an electric by Mr. If the two white ribands received their friction upon For our parts, with all our love and admiration of Gray, in the manner we have already related; but as the rough surface, they always acquired contrary elecnature, and something like a visiting acquaintance with

it was by no means remarkable for emitting sparks, tricities. The upper one was negatively, and the lower

which most commonly engages the attention, its electric one positively electrified, in whatever manner they were her, we really are not in her secret in this matter, and

virtues were almost entirely overlooked till the year taken off. The same change was instantaneously done can do nothing but be astonished at her beauties, and 1759. At that time Mr. Symmer presented to the by any pointed conductor. If two ribands, for instance, thankful for the brilliant baubles she gives to the Royal Society some papers, containing a number of were made to repel, and the point of a needle drawn opperemptory and supercilious. We see nothing more

very curious experiments made with silk stockings, in posite to one of them along its whole length, they would substance as follows:

immediately rush together. wonderful in change than in creation, and nothing at all He had been accustomed to wear two pair of silk in the modern accounts of the butterfly to set aside our stockings, a black and a white. When these were put belief in the good instinct of the old Greek symbol (the off both together, no sign of electricity appeared ; but

ROMANCES OF REAL LIFE. butterfly for the soul), and that beautiful question of snapping or crackling noise, and in the dark perceived

on pulling off the black ones from the white, he heard a Dante's, which be puts with such a noble simplicity, sparks of fire between them. To produce this and the NATHANIEL St. Andrè was a native of Switzerland, and such a divine impartiality between small ideas and following appearance in great perfection, it was only ne

from which country he emigrated early in life, and, great. cessary to draw his hand backward and forward over

secured the friendship of a wealthy patron, who furnished Non vi accorgete noi, che moi siam vermi, his leg with his stockings upon it.

him with the means of procuring a medical education. Nati a formar l'angelica farfalla?

When the stockings were separated and held at a He afterwards became a public lecturer on anatomy Purgetorio, Canto X. distance from each other, both of them appeared to be

and a surgeon of eminence in London, a favourite of Perceive ye not, that we are worms, we men, highly excited ; the white stocking positively, and the King George the First, the confidential friend of Lord Born to compose the angelic butterfly? black negatively. While they were kept at a distanco

Peterborougb, and was employed by Bolingbroke and We must return to this subject another time. Mean

from each other, both of them appeared inflated, to such Pope. But the fairness of such professional prospects

a degree, that they exhibited the entire shape of the while we give a curious extract from the third volume of

were suddenly clouded, and his character stamped with leg. When two black or two white stockings were Captain Brown's Book of Butterflies (just published), held in one hand, they would repel one another with ing to, and encouraging the impudent imposture of Mary

an indelible impression of ridicule or guilt, by his listenrelating to the marvels of the moths who furnish us considerable force, making an angle seemingly of thirty Tofts, a woman who declared, and endeavoured to make with silk stockings. The reader will there see the ex

or thirty-five degrees. When a white and black stocking the public believe, that she had been actually delivered

were presented to each other, they were mutually altraordinary attachments and aversions shown to one

of rabbits; -a delusion in wbich Whiston, probably tracted ; and if permitted, would rush together with

seduced by the credit of St. Andrè, was also involved. another by those very sensitive habiliments, according surprising violence. As they approached, the inflation

This eccentric divine, on other occasions sufficiently to their different complexions. If man could discover gradually subsided, and their attraction of foreign ob

scrupulous, wrote a pamphlet to prove, that the moniects diminished, but their attraction of one another inthe secret of electricity, it would seem indeed as if he

strous conception literally fulfilled what had been fore. creased; when they actually met they became fat, and were becoming intiinate with the spirit of the earth.

cold by the

het Esdras. joined close together like as many folds of silk. When “ The distinctions between those bodies which are separated again, their electric virtues did not seem to

To laugh were want of sentiment or grace,

But to be grave exceeds all power of face. capable of being excited to electricity, and those which be in the least impaired for having once met, and the are only capable of receiving it from the others, appears same appearances would be exhibited by them as the It is not so easy to account for the conduct of St scarcely to bave been ever suspected till about the year first time. When the experiment was made with two Andrè, a man confessedly of strong sense and quick dis1729, when this great discovery was made by Mr. Gray, black stockings in one band, and two white ones in the

Of three opinions which prevailed at the a pensioner in the Charter-house. After some fruitless other, they were tbrown into a strange agitation, owing time ;-that he was disposed to try an experiment on attempts to make metals attractive by heating, rubbing, to the attraction between tbose of different colours, and national credulity ; that he was corrupted by money; and hammering, he conceived a suspicion that, as a the repulsion between those of the same colour. This or that he was a man whose ruling passions were exciteglass tube, when rubbed in the dark, communicated its mixture of attraction and repulsion made the stockings ment and the love of making a sensation, no matter at light to various bodies, it might possibly, at the same catch at each other at greater distances than otherwise what expense, the author of this notice strongly inclines time, communicate its power of attraction to them. In they would have done, and afforded a very curious to the last. order to put this to the test, he provided himself with spectacle.

Professional dexterity, or his skill as a performer on a tube three feet five inches long, and near an inch and When the stockings were suffered to meet, they stuck the viol di gambu, introduced St. Andrè to Lady Betty one-fifth in diameter; the ends of the tube were stopped together with considerable force. At first, Mr. Symmer Molyneux ; he attended her husband in his last illness; by cork ; and be found that when the tube was excited, found they regnired from one to twelve ounces to sepa- and a marriage indecorously hasty between the widow a down feather was attracted as powerfully by the cork

rate them. Another time they raised seventeen ounces, and the surgeon, with other circumstances never satisas by the tube itself. To convince himself more com- which was twenty times the weight of the stocking that factorily explained, involved them both in the odium of pletely

, he procured a small ivory ball, which he fixed supported them, and this in a direction parallel to its being instrumental in hastening the death of Mr. Molyat first to a stick of fir, four inches long, which was

surface. When one of the stockings was turned inside neux, from whom the Swiss (a base villain, if the charge thrust into the cork, and found that it attracted and re- out, and put within the other, with the rough sides to- was true) had received many favours. Their guilt or pelled the feather even with more vigour than the cork gether, it required three pounds three ounces to separate their innocence, which at a certain period stronglv itself. He afterwards fixed the ball upon long sticks, them. With stockings of a more substantial make, the agitated the public mind, must now be determined by a upon pieces of brass and iron wire with the same

cohesion was still greater. When the white stocking more awful and unerring tribunal. Combined with other success; and lastly attached it to a long piece of pack- was put within the black one, so that the outside of the unpropitious circumstances, this shocking imputation thread, and hung it from a high balcony, in which state white was contiguous to the inside of the black, they drove St. Andrè into obscurity. Lady Betty was dis

VII. - ST. ANDRE THE SURGEON.

cernment.

and

dums of him. It is to be found in a little anonymous book ("Recollections of Some Particulars in the Life of the late William Shenstone Esq."), written not long after his death, in defence of him from some of the ob

jections of Dr. Johnson, by his old and fast friend, Richard Graves, the author of the Spiritual Quixote, whom a comfortable parsonage, and a pleasant temper, kept alive till upwards of ninety.

The anecdote will "come home to the bosoms" of hundreds of youths, and older men too, who know what it is to "quarrel and make it up." The poet and his friend were at that time young men from college, and Graves was on a visit to Shenstone, at an old family house belonging to the latter, with a rookery to it and other rural appurtenances, where they enjoyed themselves in the sweets of literary companionship.

missed from court by Queen Caroline; and an action for defamation, in which a verdict and damages were given in favour of the newly married couple, was not sufficient to restore their reputation.

Chance, inclination, perverseness, necessity or guilt, conspired to keep St. Andrè in hot water for a good part of his life. In the year 1725, before he had been debased by credulity, or shunned, as being suspected of flagrant crime, and in the routine of a lucrative practice, he was roused from his bed at midnight by a stranger thundering at his door, who urgently desired him to visit, without delay, a person who was described as desperately wounded. In the heat of zeal, or the perturbation of broken sleep, St. Andrè neglected that necessary precaution for every medical practitioner, on such occasions, the taking, on all midnight calls from persons he does not know, his own servant with him. After following his unknown guide in the nocturnal gloom, through many an unfrequented court, remote street, and obscure alley, after being conducted, and re-conducted through passages, galleries, and stair-cases, heated, hurried, and confused, he at last found himself in a retired chamber, the door of which being instantly bolted, the affrighted surgeon was threatened with immediate death, if he did not directly swallow the contents of a bowl (of course poisonous) presented to him by two ruffians, with instruments of death in their hands. Having paused for a short time on the horrible alternative, he drank the terrible dose, and with con. siderable precautions to prevent discovery, was replaced

blindfolded at his own door. The condition of a man who had been compelled to take what he considered as poison, need not be described. Without supposing that the drench contained one deleterious particle, the mere idea was sufficient to communicate arsenic, hellebore, and sublimate to his disturbed imagination. Of this extraordinary transaction, an account sufficiently expressive of the terror of St. Andrè, was published in the London Gazette, and a reward of 2001. offered by government to any person who would give information that might lead to discovery and conviction; but no discovery was made.

One is sometimes tempted to consider this singular narrative as the fabrication of a restless mind, fertile in invention; the fable of a man, determined at every risque, to present himself as frequently as possible to the which I translated, public eye, and become the subject of general notice and common conversation; such characters occur in every age. A companion of St. Andrè, who, (in the hope of a legacy which never was bequeathed) endured much of his sarcastic brunt, and satirical sallies, was heard to declare that he had good reason for believing, that the circumstances related by his friend were correct. He added, as indeed the event proved, that there was clearly no poison in the mixture, though made sufficiently nauseous; that the whole was a cruel but harmless effort of ingenious revenge, and meant to torment the surgeon, who had supplanted a friend in the affections of a favourite mistress.

Whatever were the contents of the bowl, he survived its effects, as well as the exhausting consequences of the anxiety he suffered, and the antidotes he swallowed. Finding the metropolis, on many accounts, unpleasant, he retired from public obloquy or private contempt, to a provincial town, where he occupied his leisure hours, and dissipated his superfluous cash in building and planting; but discovered more of whim and caprice than goodness of taste, or correctness of design. Life however was strong in him somehow or other, for he lived be upwards of ninety.

MR. BARNARD AND THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.

The Times alluding to our query upon this point, cuts asunder the difficulty in a very sufficing manner, as follows:-"We observe that the editor seems puzzled about the Duke of Marlborough, who was the subject of an interesting narrative in his first number. He will, on a moment's examination, see that the Duke of Marlborough, who died in 1817, at the age of 78, was only 19 years old in 1758, and could not, at such an early age, be Master General of the Ordnance, or a Knight of the Garter."

ANECDOTE OF SHENTONE'S YOUTH. In the accounts of celebrated men, we rarely meet with a sufficient number of those personal and domestic particulars, which are so interesting to the common nature of us all, and which are often omitted, especially in history, upon an idle, unphilosophical notion of their being incompatible with the "dignity" of the work! As if anything could be more worth our while to know, han what is calculated to charm one's sympathy with intelligent natures, and humanize and instruct us in our daily life. Perhaps it would not be too much to affirm, that every life which has been written, except at very great length, could be materially enlarged, improved, and rendered a great deal more interesting, by a diligent search into collateral accounts of the person recorded, and into his own writings, whether in prose or in verse. A great deal might be added, for instance, to the lives of most of the English poets. Take the following anecdote, by way of specimen, as an addition to the life of Shenstone, not a great poet, it is true, but a very pleasing one, and a man of no ordinary powers of reflection when he chose to set them to work. Every reader of hhis poem. of the School Mistress, and of the acute, and sometimes the deep reflections to be met with in his Essays, would surely be glad of more such memoran

"At Harborough (says Mr. Graves), Mr. Shenstone and I passed a month in a very agreeable loiter; sometimes indeed pursuing the high road to useful science, but more frequently roving amidst the flowery regions of fancy and amusement. We read, however, Boileau, Bohours, Dacier's Terence, and other French critics or entertaining authors; and Mr. Shenstone wrote several little pieces of poetry, which I then thought excellent; but most of which, I believe, are now buried in oblivion. As we went out but little, and saw hardly any company, and of course were confined chiefly to each other's conversation, we now and then got into a hot dispute; on which occasions, as Mr. Shenstone was generally victorious, he could not submit patiently to a defeat. We were one day engaged in a warm debate, in which, I think, I had the upper hand, and drove my antagonist to a painful dilemma; and with exultation pursued my advantage so far, that Mr. Shenstone grew angry, and our trifling dispute terminated on each side in a sullen silence, which, as Mr. Shenstone would not vouchsafe to break first, I, from a youthful spirit of independence, disdained to submit; so that, although we ate and drank together, this pouting humour continued, and we never spoke to each other for near two days. At last, as I was never much addicted to taciturnity, and it was pain and grief to me to keep silence, I wrote upon the wall in a summer-house in the garden,

Θέλω, Θέλω μανῆναι

“I will, I will be witty." Under this, Mr. Shenstone wrote this distich:

"Matchless on earth I thee proclaim,

Whose will and power I find the same."

This produced a reply on my side; that a rejoinder on his; till at last the ill fated wall was scribbled from top to bottom, which the next morning was succeeded by a laugh at each other's folly, and a cordial reconciliation."

THE LONDON JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1834.

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HAVING arrived at the fourth number of our Journal, with the most encouraging prospects of success, we must leave off saying what heaps of kind letters we continue to receive, lest it should look like a system of self-recommendation. But we cannot help once more alluding to them, for fear of seeming ungrateful to the writers; some of whom are as flattering to us by their very names, as all are by their cordiality. One letter, however, is of a nature so publicly as well as privately connected with the subject of a journal of this description, that we must take the liberty, not only of distinctly mentioning it, but of laying it before the reader. We own, that after our first impulse to this effect, we besitated a moment out of feelings of modesty, and somewhat longer in deference to that of the writer especially as he had given no intimation whether we might so use it or not. Our mind was soon made up by the consideration of the honour which the letter did him, and of the good which must accrue to the public from seeing men, who might be supposed to witness a new Journal of this sort with no fiendly feeling, coming forward in so handsome a manner to shew themselves true lovers

of the knowledge they advocate, and of the generosities to which it gives rise. Mr. Chambers may over-estimate our abilities, and be too modest respecting his own; but there can only be one opinion respecting the sentiment that impelled him to write his letter. He will be glad to hear, that it is not the first of the kind which we have received. We take the opportunity of stating, that no sooner had our Journal appeared, than the Publisher of the Penny Magazine, who is also, we believe, proprietor of the Printing Machine, or Review for the Many, expressed himself in the most spirited and liberal manner towards the new paper, and took steps to shew that he was in earnest. But Mr. Chambers has written so much at length on the subject, that we feel warranted in calling the reader's attention to

his letter, and we think we cannot do better than put it in this part of our Journal, where we are in the habit of noticing any new evidences that transpire, of the growth of intellectual brotherhood:

27, Elder-street, Edinburgh, April 15, 1834. DEAR SIR,-I take leave to address you in this familiar manner for several reasons. The chief is your kind nature, as exemplified in your writings, which prove you the friend of all mankind; the lesser are your allusions on more occasions than one to writings of mine, when you did not perhaps know the exact name of the author. My purpose is to congratulate you on the first number of your Journal, which I have just seen, and to express my earnest and sincere hope that it will repay your exertions, and render the latter part of your life more prosperous than you say the earlier has been. You will perhaps appreciate my good wishes the more that they proceed from an individual who, according to vulgar calculations, might expect to be injured by your success. I assure you, so far from entertaining any grudge towards your work on that score, I am as open to receive pleasurable impressions from it as I have ever been from your previous publications, or as the least. literary of your readers can be; and as hopeful that it will succeed and prove a means of comfort to you, as the most ancient and familiar of your friends. I know that your work can never do by a tenth part so much ill to my brother and myself, as it may do good to youfor every book, however similar to others, finds in a great measure new channels for itself; and still more certain am I, that the most jealous and unworthy feelings we could entertain, would be ineffectual in protecting us from the consequences of your supplanting our humble sheets in the public favour. My brother and I feel much pleasure in observing that a writer so much our senior, and so much our superior, should have thought our plan to such an extent worthy of his adop tion, and hope your doing so will only furnish additional proof of the justice of our calculations. This leads me to remark, that, while I acknowledge the truth of your pretensions to having been the reviver of the periodical literature of a former age, and have looked to your manner of treating light subjects as in part the model of our own, I must take this and every other proper opportunity of asserting my elder brother's merit, as the originator of cheap respectable publications, of the class to which your Journal is so important an addition. In the starting of Chambers's Edinburgh Journal in February, 1832, he was unquestionably the first to develope this new power of the printing-press; and, considering that we had some little character (at least in Scotland) to lose, and encountered feelings in our literary brethren little less apt, I may say, to deter us from our object than the terrors which assailed Rodolph in the Witch's Glen (a simile more expressive than it is apt), I humbly conceive that, when the full utility of my brother's invention shall have been perceived by the world, as I trust it will in time, he will be fully entitled to have his claims allowed without dispute.

"That we have regretted to find ourselves the objects of so many of the meaner order of feelings among our brethren, it would be vain to deny. I must say, however, that we would have been ill to satisfy indeed, if the admission of our weekly sheet into almost every family of the middle rank, and many of the lower throughout the country, had not more than compensated us for that affliction. Our labours, moreover, are profitable beyond our hopes, beyond our wants, besides yielding to us a ceaseless revenue of pleasure, in the the hearts and understandings of a large portion of our sense they convey to us of daily and hourly improving species. That you may aim as heartily at this result, and be as successful in obtaining it, is the wish of "Dear Sir,

"Your sincere Friend and Servant, "ROBERT CHAMBERS." We shall add nothing to this, being naturally willing to leave Mr. Chambers in possession of his pleasant "last word," except that the appearance of the Tatler was antecedent to that of the Edinburgh Journal, and that in the Indicator, and in the Tutler also, (if we recollect rightly,) we professed a wish to extend an acquaintance with matters of intellectual refinement among the uneducated. The zeal of our correspondent, however, in benalf of his brother's claim, is so good a thing for its own sake, that we are far from anxious to contest this point with him; and heartily willing are we to acknowledge, that these gentlemen have had a wider and more popular view of the opening of cheap literature to the many, than we ever had till now. In zeal for the interests of all, we will yield to nobody; but in a knowledge of the best means of extending its operation, others have surpassed us; and we hope to shew, that we have profited by their example. We take this opportunity of observing, that among the foremost, if not the very first, to lower the price of respectable periodical literature, though not professedly to extend it to those who have missed a classical education, was the Athenæum.

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LETTER OF MR. ROBERT CHAMBERS OF THE EDIN BURGH JOURNAL TO THE EDITOR OF THE LON DON JOURNAL

Yet a pea.

The House of Commons have been discussing a grant We hope to see the days before long, when audiences A form of imperiousness is that of positive and unof money for the purchase of two pictures for the National will be refined enough to be able to hear public lectures qualified assertion, which is made more offensive when

it contradicts an opposite opinion expressed by another ; Gallery; and all parties, in and out of doors, have ac- on art and science from the lips of females ; which

and the arrogance becomes heightened, if the assertion corded with it. We need not say how we rejoice in would give the maxims of taste and wisdom, one would be of a nature not to be substantiated by proof. this harmonious and intelligent view of what in a ruder think, a peculiar grace. About a hundred years back, Of the same kind are positive assertions as to matters state of society would be foolishly thought a foolish a lady named Gaetana Agnesi, was professor of mathe

of fact, not witnessed by the assertor, the proof of which question. No advantage to the public was left out of matics in the University of Bologna, and read lectures depends upon evidence ; assertions making no reference

to that evidence, but demanding belief on no other sight, commercial, intellectual, or moral; and Tory, accordingly. Our celebrated English professor, Colson, ground than the assertion itself

, Whig, and Radical, all testified to it. One member learnt the Italian language on purpose to translate Peremptoriness of decision ; before an opportunity has spoke of the benefits derived to the artizan from the dif- a work of hers; which was subsequently published in

been given to others to express their convictions, is a fusion of the beautiful designs of antiquity: and another two volumes quarto, by the late Baron Maseres. Our usurpation, shutting the door upon discussion. Peremp.

toriness of decision, after an opinion has been given by gave it as his opinion, that no people in the country learned readers will be reminded, and our unlearned others, is annoying and offensive. derived more pleasure from the exhibition of works of ones interested to hear, of the famous Hypatia, daughter lence; it is also an exhibition of folly; for while it

Useless contradiction is another violation of benevoart than the

poorer
classes.

and successor of Theon, the mathematician at Alexan. manifests impotence, it wounds power. We believe it. They see and feel in it much more dria, in the days of Theodosius the Second; a female,

Assumingness. There is a form of imperiousness somethan they at present know. We have seen peasants whose knowledge of the sciences was graced by all the what less annoying, but' still worthy of discouragement walking quietly in the Florentine gallery delighted charms of beauty, innocence, and elegant manners. and reprobation, which may be called assumingness. It with all they saw, and proud of it; and not an atom is Strange picture, to precede the tragedy of her death! generally displays itself in the naked and crude asserdefaced in Florence of the fine sculptures that stand in

tion of an alledged matter of fact, without reference to All these attractions which made her admired and beloved

any percipient interest. Its pretension is to demand. the open square. The people, being trusted with them,

of every body not brutalized by intolerance, did not implicit credence. respect them. It will be so in England as the fine arts

hinder her being torn to pieces during one of the horri- Advice. Discourse may wound by advice-giving, inadvance; and their progress is observable in several ble broils that disgraced the unchristian Christians of volving in it the appearance of reprehension, or exhibiting instances, especially in the popularity of the wood-cuts that day,—frightful perverters of the doctrines of their itself in a shape implying the possession of an authority in the Penny Magazine, which have at once followed divine Master, whose tenderness was never more affect

not recognised by the bearer. Even the giving good

advice is the assumption of authority on the score and fostered it; busts and statues have taken ingly evinced than towards women.

See the account of wisdom. place of the old dogs and parrots, on the heads of somewhere in Gibbon; or in any dictionary.

It is Mr. Godwin, we think, who bas remarked, that itinerant venders; and people having once been ac

advice is not disliked for its own sake, but because so customed to these, will never like anything less—will

We cannot suffer the Fourth volume of Allan Cun- few people know how to give it. Perhaps the art of never return to an inferior taste. The circumstance is ningham's edition of Burns to appear, without saying consisting in accompanying it with a confession of our

giving advice be summed up in few words, as good for all parties. It gives a new addition to their how interesting it is both in poetry and comment. There

own imperfections, and an enumeration of the good world, whatever it be; elevates the depressed (con

are two good vignettes, after drawings by Mr. D. O. qualities of the person advised. But " we may have no

Hill, scious and proud that its fellow-creatures can havo

-one very pleasant, and striped with sunshine imperfections to confess, nor the person any good quali. created such works); lowers false pride (which can do across the tree-bordered road, with one of the poet's

ties to enumerate !!” Oh then, in neither case, we may

rest assured, will our advice do any good. nothing like them); tends to put hope, and patiences,

bonnie lasses going along with her milk.pail, -the other and consideration, and a just sense of human right and the field of Bannock-burn, where Bruce dealt that tre- by regarding success as improbable where it is probable,

Success. Want of judgment may be evinced, as well enjoyment into conflicting parties of all kinds—bu. mendous blow at his assailant before battle, which as regarding it as probable where it is improbable. manizes every body. Nothing brutal can do such things, was the harbinger of his great victory. It was thought,

Excellent memorandum for letter-writers. If a friend nor remain entire and unmitigated before them. Brute no doubt, in old times, by soldiers and others, that no

be permanently distant, do not communicate to him any

vexation of yours which he is unable to relieve. You force cannot do them—nor mere power of any sort new glory could come to the field of Bannockburn, un

will spare him all the suffering that his sympathy wonld mere wealth-mere rank-mere will.

have excited. But in those

less another victory should happen there. rooms, hung with beautiful pictures, rank, riches, and sant bas touched it with an immortal band, and made National Prejudices. From the moment in which the

exercise of certain expressions of good-will is exclusively poverty meet together in the very persons of the painters, it sing for joy.

directed to the body, the class, or nation to which we all swallowed up and forgotten in the gorgeous spirit of

belong, and is denied to others, from the monient in MORE ADMIRABLE MAXIMS AND SUGtheir genius. There, besides Titian and Michael An

which they break out into words and deeds of antipathy, GESTIONS FROM MR. BENTHAM'S UN

from the moment, in which the fact, that a fellow man gelo, who were “gentlemen born,” and Raphael, himPUBLISHED WORK.

speaks a different language, or lies under a different self the son of a painter, are the "great Caracci,"

Absurd Hinderances of Comfort.--How many little

government, constitutes him an object for contempt, abwho were the offspring of a tailor ; and Andrea del pleasures are interfered with by the meddling of un

horrence, or misdoings, — from that moment it is malSarto, who was another (80 called by reason of it, Sarto welcome intruders,-how many checked by the asce

eficent. A toast for example in America has been given, meaning a tailor); and Tintoretto, which means a tisism, or the ill nature, or the ridicule, or the scorn of a

“Our country, right or wrong,” which is, in itself, a

proclamation of maleficence, and if brought into operadyer; and tlie magician of light and darkness, Rem- bye-stander? How many trifling vexations are aggravated by the dissocial qualities, or heedless deport

tion, might lead to crimes and follies on the widest brandt, who was the son of a miller; and the “ divine ment of a looker on? At the end of a day how much

conceivable field, -to plunder, murder, and all the Claude Lorrain," who was bred a pastry-cook, and who total loss is there not of happiness by inattention to

consequences of unjust war. Not less blame-worthy

was the declaration of a prime-minister of this country, has now a whole province to his name, while the princes those small elements of which it is composed ? What of Lorrain are forgotten.

an aggregate amount is made up of those particles of "that England — nothing but England, — formed any pain produced by carelessness alone! The time will,

portion of his care or concern." An enlarged philan“A museum," say the newspapers,

“consisting of perhaps, arrive when all these sources of evil will be inves- thropy indeed, might have given to both expressions a many valuable specimens of morbid anatomy, midwifery, teristics, illustrated by examples, and their inconsis

Deontological meaning, since the true interests of natigated, grouped together in their distinguishing charac

tions, as the true interests of individuals, are equally and casts, with numerous prints and drawings, has been tency with virtue be made so apparent, that opinion will

those of prudence and benevolence; but the phrases presented to the London University for the use of the take charge of their extirpation, opinion, which to en

were employed solely to justify wrong, if that wrong students of the New North London Hospital, which will lighten and to make influential, is the highest purpose

were perpetrated by the land or government which we of the moralist.

call our own. be opened at Michaelmas with one hundred and ten Right of Reproof.-In ordinary cases, the justifications

Suppose a man were to give as a toast, in serious beds, by Gore Clough, esq., of Upper Norton-street, put forth for the infliction of pain by discourse, are not

earnest, “Myself, right or wrong?" Yet the above Fitzroy-square. The preparations are for the most part tenable. It is far from sufficient to say that the asser

assumptions of false patriotism both in America and in excellent preservation, and have been carefully coltions made are true; it is far from sufficient to pretend

England, are founded on no better principle. that the person on whom the pain is inflicted deserves Good Hint to a very Common Error.-If called upon Jected at an expenditure of 3,0001. The gift of this

the infliction ; it is far from sufficient to urge that he is to give an unfavourable opinion as to a saying of any valuable addition to the Museum of the University, was reckless or worthless, or that you deal charitably with

kind, or a work of which you disapprove, do not be forcomicunicated on Wednesday last to the committee, and his misconduct. Unless you can come and show, that

ward to communicate your disapprobation, merely beit will be deposited in

temporary apartment till the preponderant good is to result from the sufferings you cause your self-love is Hattered by the appeal made to large room about to be fitted up is ready for its recep

create, your vituperation of your victim, your laudation your judgment.

of yourself, are but vain and wasted words. The Needless Recurrence to the Past. Be cautious not to tion.” Men are to be envied who can make presents right to reprehend is, in itself, a virtual claim to supe- drag forward ill-conduct, which, but for your reference like these.

riority, and a claim which is likely to hurt the pride and to it, might be forgotten. Except for some obvivus purvanity of him upon whom it is exercised. Reprehension pose of future good, to treasure up in your mind the re

is awarded punishment: and in proportion to the cords of old misdeeds of others, is to sin against pro“The learned and scientific society at Geneva, which doubtfulness of the title to arbitrate and condemn, of dence and benevolence ; it is to make your breast a

him who thus takes on himself the functions of concorresponds in the nature of its institution with the

store-house of pain, to be inflicted on yourself and on demner, will be the perils incurred by his own self- others. The expression of dissatisfaction at past illRoyal Society of London, bave elected Mrs. Somerville a interest, from the enmity of the party punished. The conduct, when it has no reference to present ill-conduct, member,—the first instance of a similar distinction con- extent of his malevolence will be measured by the same and at the same time is not likely to prevent future illferred on a female by that learned body.” Mrs. Somer

standard, and the amount of bis usurpation will be conduct, is the creation of misery to no end whatever, ville, wife of Dr. Somerville measured by the needless severity of bis reprehension.

Wilhelm

or to a bad end. [Goethe in his novel of" physician, is the lady so

Imperiousness. This is the attempt to strengthen ar- Meister,” speaking of a circumstance that had taken distinguished at present for her knowledge of the gument by despotic authority. Not satisfied even with place, says, admirably, “For one thing, the evil was sciences

, We take it for granted that the Royal Society being right, some men's pleasure seems to consist in already done; and though people of a singularly strict will follow the example. Ladies have been members of putting others in the wrong. They must have a tri- and harsh temper are wont to set themselves forcibly Royal Academies of Painting, and of Societies of Botany, umph for their dogmatism as well as their reason. They against the past, and thus to increase the evil that can

must humiliate while they subdue. They will beat not be remedied, yet, on the other hand, what is acwhy not of any other institution of art or science ?

down a companion, even though his downfall should not tually done, exerts a resistless effect on most minis. There is more jealousy than any thing else in withbold- be needful to their success. Not only shall their oppo- An event which lately appeared impossible, takes place, ing public honours from the sex, especially when those

nent be in the wrong, but they will 'extort from him a oon as it has occurred, with what occurs daily." bonoars are of a gentle and comparatirely private others condeinn! but their tyranny will be satisfied with confession that he is in the wrong. They condemn him- Carlyle's Translation. Whittaker and Co. Vol. i. p. 81.]

Admirable Rule for Real or Supposed Grounds of Commature , unquestionably fitted for them, and calculated nothing but a declaration of self-condemnation from the plaint

. If you imagine you have cause for complainonly to do good. condemned himself.

against any man, on the ground of his misconduri cos

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he was about is sufficient proof, and there needs no other." Replies the angel," Hold thy peace; it shall not be so. The monk led a good life in his abbey, he conducted himself well and faithfully, and no one ever saw ill of him. The Scripture saith, that which is reasonable and right, every good work shall be rewarded, and every evil one punished. Then this monk ought to be rewarded for the good we know he has done; but how could that be if he were suffered to be damned? He had not committed any sin when thou didst take and condemn him. Howbeit, he had left the abbey, and did come to the bridge, he might have turned back if he had not fallen into the river; and he ought not to be so much punished for a sin which he never committed. For his foolish intention alone, thou condemnest him, and in that thou art wrong. Let the soul alone, and as for the strife betwixt thee and me, let us go to Duke Richard, and abide by his opinion. Neither side will have any reason to complain; he will decide honestly LEGENDS OF RICHARD THE GOOD, DUKE and wisely, for false judgment is not to be found in him. To what he says we will both submit without any more dispute." Says the devil, "I consent to it; and let the soul remain between us.' They immediately went to Richard's chamber, who was then in bed. He had been asleep, but just then he lated to him how the monk had left his monastery on was awake and reflecting upon divers things. They rean evil errand, how he had fallen from the bridge, and been drowned without doing evil. They desired him to judge which of them should take possession of the soul. Answers Richard, briefly, "Go immediately, and restore the soul to the body; let him then be placed on and if he advances one foot, nay, ever so little, let Nick the bridge, on the very spot from which he tumbled; go and take him away without further hindrance; but if the monk turns back, let him do so unmolested.

"9

Neither could say nay to this decision, so they did as he
had said. The soul was returned to the body, the body
restored to life, and the monk placed on the very part
of the bridge whence he had fallen. As soon as the
poor fellow perceived that he was standing upright on
the bridge, he ran back as quickly as though he had
trod on a snake; he did not even stay to bid the devil
and the angel good bye. On his reaching the abbey, he
shook his wet clothes, and crept into a corner. He was
still terrified at the thought of death, and he could not
well say whether he was dead or alive. The next morn-
ing Richard went to the abbey church to pray. The
Duke caused him to be brought before the abbot,
"Brother," says Richard, " what think you now? How
came you to be taken? Take care another time how you
pass the bridge. Tell the abbot what you have seen to-
night." The monk blushed, and was ashamed in the
presence of his superior and the duke. He confessed
all, how he went, how he perished, how the devil had
deceived him, and how the duke had delivered him; he
related the whole matter, which was confirmed by the
noble Richard. Thus was the thing noised abroad and
its certainty established. Long after it took place, this
saying became a proverb in Normandy,
Sir monk, go
gently, take care of yourself when you pass over the
bridge."

44

wards you, and if it appear to you of use that he should be informed of this, take care that the communication be made so as to give him the least possible annoyance; do not convey your expression in a way to make him suppose you think ill of him; so speak that he may regard you as attributing his conduct to a cause in which he is little or not at all to blame. You have asked him, for example, to visit you: he has neither done this, nor sent an answer: he ought to have come, or at least to have given a reason why he would not, or did not come. Impute his neglect to the possible miscarriage of your letter; or if the message was a verbal one, to probable misconception on the part of the bearer; to misconception, or misexpression, or forgetfulness; for,as the effect might have been produced by any of these causes, there is no insincerity in a man's supposing as much.

OF NORMANDY.

FROM THE "LAYS AND LEGENDS OF VARIOUS NATIONS,"
NO. 2, (JUST PUBLISHED) CONTAINING "LAYS AND
LEGENDS OF france.'

""

Ir was the custom of Duke Richard of Normandy, called the Good, to ramble about by night as well as by day, and though he met with many phantoms he was never afraid of them. As he was so much abroad in the former season, it was commonly reported that he could see as well in the dark as other men by daylight. Whenever he came to an abbey or a church, he was sure to stop and pray outside, if he could not gain admission within. One night as he was riding along wrapt in meditation, and far from any attendant, he alighted, according to custom, before a church, fastened his horse at the door, and went in to pray. He passed a coffin which lay on a bier, threw his gloves on a reading-desk in the choir, and knelt before the altar, kissed the earth, and commenced his devotions. He had scarcely done so when he heard a strange noise proceeding from the bier behind him. He turned round, (for he feared nothing in the world ;) and looking towards the place, said, "Whether thou art a good or a bad thing, be still and rest in peace!" The Duke then proceeded with his prayer, whether it was long or short I cannot tell, and at the conclusion signed himself with the cross saying

Per hoc signum sanctæ crucis
Libera me de malignis

Domine Deus Salutis.

Through this sign of the Holy Cross,
Deliver me from the Evil Ones,
Lord God of my Salvation.

He then arose, and said, "Lord into thy hands I commend my spirit." He took his sword, and as he was preparing to leave the church, behold the devil stood bolt upright at the door, extending his long arms, as if to seize Richard, and prevent his departure. The latter drew his sword, cut the figure down the centre, and sent it through the bier. Whether it cried or not I do not know. When Richard came to his horse outside the door, he perceived that he had forgotten his gloves; and as he did not wish to lose them, he returned into the chancel for them. Few men would have done as much. Wherefore he caused it to be proclaimed, both in the churches and in the market places, that in future no corpse should be left alone till it was buried.

Another adventure happened to the Duke, which made people wonder, and which would not so easily have been believed, were it not so well known. I have heard it from many, who had in like manner heard it from their forefathers; but often through carelessness, idleness or ignorance, many a good tale is not committed to writing though it would prove very entertaining. At that time there was a sacristan, who was reckoned a proper monk and one of good report; but the more a man is praised, the more the devil assaults him, and watches the more for an occasion to tempt him. So it happened to the Sacristan. One day, so the devil would have it, as he was passing by the church about his business, he saw a marvellously fine woman, and fell desperately in love with her. His passion knows no bounds. He must die if he cannot have her; so he will leave nothing undone to come at his end. He talked to her so much, and made her so many promises, that the fair dame at last appointed a meeting in the evening at her own house. She told him that he must pass over a narrow bridge or rotten plank which lay across the river Robec; that there was no other way, and that she could not be spoken with any where else. When the night came, and the other monks were asleep, the Sacristan grew impatient to be gone. He wanted no companion, so he went alone to the bridge and ventured on it. Whether he stumbled or slipt, or was taken suddenly ill, I cannot tell, but he fell into the water, and was drowned.

As soon as his soul left the body, the devil seized it, and was posting away with it to hell, when an angel met him, and strove with him which of them should possess it wherefore a great dispute arose between them, each giving a reason in support of his claim. Says the devil, "Thou dost me wrong, in seeking to deprive me of the soul I am carrying; dost thou not know that every soul taken in sin is mine? This was in a wicked way, and in a wicked way I have seized it. Now the Scripture itself says, As I find thee, so I will judge thee. This monk I found in evil, of which the business

"

* Keeper of the church moveables and sacred vessels.

PRUITS OF PUBLIC SPEAKING.
[To the Editor of the London Journal.]

SIR, Pursuant to your instructions, I yesterday attended a General Meeting of the Fruits and Vegetables of the United Kingdom, convened at the Three Jolly Gardeners, Portman Market; and am happy to report, notwithstanding the illiberal tone of many of the speeches, that a very high degree of culture was observable in the generality; this is a fact, which in spite of their teeth, cannot be denied.

A general gloom pervaded the aspect of the meeting; though this was somewhat relieved by the female beauty present in the galleries, which were crowded by scions of most of the old stock of the kingdom. Some pearesses might be named, nor must "two turn cherries," the rosiest of the race-and a delicate young plum, bursting with sweets, yet in all the immaculate bloom of youth, be forgotten. I was happy to observe, that the lovely duchess PEACH retains all the mellow charm so much admired in her complexion.

Several foreigners of distinction were present, among whom those of the house of ORANGE were most remarkable. With these exceptions the meeting was exclusive à l'outrance; so much so, that the Hop family were stopped at the doors, as they declined entering without their poles, and those gentlemen could not be admitted till the sense of the assembly had been taken. That was soon done. Nothing human was to be seen in this solemn convocation! with the honourable exception in the favour of that useful body-vulgarly styled old apple-women, who had been invited under the guise of one of these, your reporter made good his entrance. After a short discussion, Alderman MELON was called to the chair. The portly gentleman excited much merriment in the galleries from the manner in which he rolled to his seat. There was a green and yellow meloncholy in his appearance which caused the young ladies to observe that he was a bachelor.

After the chairman had stated the object of the meet ing, and implored the attention of the vegetable world to the necessity of union among themselves in these innovating times,

WILD STRAWBERRY arose, and in a rambling speech wished himself to be understood to claim the protection of the laws. Though commonly called Wild, he had sown his wild oats; he now began to look about him, and

found that he was superseeded and forgotten in the market. He was a great landholder-he had held from time immemorial-it was said that no restraint was put upon him that he had some of the most lovely spots in England to luxuriate in—but that was 'nt the question; what was the use of his growing, if he was not to be eaten? he claimed a vested right in the stomachs of Englishmen. Alas! he did not speak for himself-his days were numbered-but it was the system of sacrificing the luxuries of units, to happiness of thousands, that he complained of-it was a system by which he was a loser-it was ridiculous! he had been a sufferer-it was flagitious! England would have cause to mourn over the extinction of her wild Strawberry. Why could 'nt men eat now what their grandmothers had been but too happy to mumble before them. No! they must run after novelties; he would have them beware of innovations, one HAUTBOIS for instance. The speaker closed with some severe reflections on Mr. Willmott. (reiterated cheers.)

GREEN PEAS then rose, and in a small voice, complained of being forced into the market at a season when his forefathers used to be still in the flower of their youth. I suppress some observations made by this speaker on being debarred from the pleasures and flirtations of the garden.

ONION then begged to rise. (A voice, " Onion, you're always a-rising.") Onion however proceeded in a manner that brought tears into the eyes of all present.

One CRAB, a little ill-favoured personage, then got on his stalk. He stated himself to come of a branch of an almost extinct family: he was remarkably sharp and pungent in his observations on the neglect with which he was now treated; he whose name occupied so distinguished a place in the annals of old England-(here the gentleman quoted Shakspeare, in support of his position)—he who, whatever his enemies might say, was so celebrated for the sweetness of his disposition and intrinsic worth. ("Oh, oh !" from a knot of jolly young pippins who had insinuated themselves into the meeting.) He would ask why the insipid CODLING, a fellow of no mark or likelihood," or the rascally RUSSET, that booby in a brown coat, should find more favour than himself. Neither did he care a fig for the mongrel PEARMAIN. He denounced the fate of all the empires that ever fell, upon England for her desertion of Crab. He should move that a protection duty be laid on all other apples: it was no consequence that people made wry mouths at him; it was a symptom of bad taste, which time would eradicate.

66

FIG arose to express his wonderment at the personal allusion to himself in the speech of his honourable friend. He would appeal to the meeting, as to which of the two, APPLE or himself, had done the best service to the human race, as far as histories went. He called on CRAB to explain.

CRAB must decline explaining; what he had said, he had said. It was well known that he it was who first introduced FIG and his friends into public life.-High words ensued, and both parties were ordered into the custody of the proper officers.

SUMMER CABBAGE and RED CABBAGE rose together, but they spent the time allotted to speaking in a squabble as to priority. There was much ill blood also displayed between worthy "Master MUSTARD-SEED" and his old rival, one CHARLOCK; MUSTARD was evidently very hot-headed.

MEDLAR next caught the eye of the Chairman. As time was pressing, he would trouble them with a few observations on the change of seasons in England. (Cries of " Question!" and "Go on !") He would be dd if he'd go on. They must account for the change of climate themselves! MEDLAR sat down evidently much mortified.

The Chairman then arose, and, previously to moving any of the important questions to be submitted, he must be allowed to express his utter abhorrence of those hot beds of corruption, those nurseries of all that is bad, in which jackanapes, calling themselves Melons, were constantly reared. He was a lover of the breath of heaven, and would own himself a very Persian in his adoration of the sun. He was sure he spoke the sentiments of his worthy friend CUCUMBER, whom he

had the honour to face.

A variety of resolutions were then put and carried nem con.; said resolutions to be moulded into a petition and presented to the Commons House by any one of the elderly gentlemen before mentioned, who has a seat.

After the Chairman had retired, Deputy-chair CvCUMBER took his place, and proceeded, in a lengthy harangue, to prove the ability of the worthy Chairman-and his own eloquence. In proof, he said, of the respectability of the meeting, he needed only to remind those present of their honourable President, Alderman MELON, whose propriety of conduct and high connections were unimpeachable. In proceeding, the speaker had occasion to direct all eyes to the galleries, in an appeal to their fair occupants, when-shall I proceed-the object of his commendation was observed seated in very familiar chat with Mademoiselle ORLEANS, the ripe young plum! This proceeding of MELON's was taken in high dudgeon by the meeting-it was derogatory! it was indecorous! ELDER-BERRY was observed to look black, and LOVE-APPLE turned pale. A tremendous uproar ensued; in the course of which, your reporter was discovered, and unmasked, and a shower of NUTS fell on his pericranium, like hail on the glass of a green-house. What followed is unknown; but it is presumed that gentler councils prevailed in your Reporter's behalf, as

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he had the satisfaction to find bimself this morning in Having proceeded the distance of about half a mile, road that crossed the heath, looking to the right and to his own bed!

I came in sigbt of an angler who was seated in full the left at every step, that nothing in that exquisite, He begs to subscribe himself, Sir,

employ, with all the nicnackery of his amusement about scene might escape me. One thing remarkable soon Your devoted and obedient servant, him, and so absorbed in what he was doing that I came excited my observation ; this was the amazing number

T. R. close behind him without his perceiving me. “What of hares and rabbits, that sported about the bushes like Any further steps taken in this affair shall be instantly sport, to day?" I said, by way of opening the conver- children in a nursery; nor seemed less trusting, for communicated.

sation. Taken by surprise, he gave such a start that I they frequently came within a yard of me; and one or thought he would have tumbled into the water. Upon two of them even ran under the horses' legs. Yet I seeing me, bis face, at first full of perplexity, relaxed never attempted to strike them down, nor did I feel any

into an easier expression, and upon my begging that I disposition for pursuit, as I do not frequently go after ENJOYMENTS AND OBSTACLES;

might not disturb him, he said, “Oh no, sir, you don't game. I should not think it worth while to remark this OR HOW TO MAKE CHEAP PLEASURES COST DEAR TO ALL

disturb me. I perceive you are a stranger, and he circumstance, but that I am obliged to confess, that, on

resumed his rod. But bis manner convinced me that the preceding day, excited, perhaps, by the example “Quid tamen ista velit sibi fabula!”

he was where he had no business to be, and that when (Hor. 5, Sat. 2 lib.)

of the men whose successful exploits in the wood I had surprised by my approach he had imagined he was de- been a witness to, and partly, I fancy, because every

tected. He probably anticipated that I should make prize is “sweeter for the theft,” I did aim a blow, TRAVELLING on horseback in a remote part of the this inference, for he presently urged me with many en- though without effect, at a rabbit that sprang up near islaud, 1 came one day upon a scene of more than ordi- treaties to accept of some fish, which I could not help me. Proceeding a little further I began to catch the nary beauty. A gentle slope in the road gradually looking upon as a kind of hush-money.

delicious music of moving water that more and more unfolded to view a tract of country, of no vast extent

It was now getting late, and I began to turn my steps audibly bubbled and tumbled until I reached what indeed, but of a richness and luxuriance not to be towards the inn, following the directions of my friend proved to be a vigorous mountain stream, clear, fresh surpassed. Spacious meadows divided by hedges full

of the angler, who took the greatest pains to oblige me, joyous as youth, in which I counted a greater number flowers and song, long fresh grass giving pasture to fat and gave me all possible instruction respecting lanes of the finest trout and gudgeon within a few seconds cattle, venerable trees, like aged fathers, spreading forth and fields. Nevertheless I experienced all the same than I ever remembered to have seen before. I had their charitable arms, and a fine broad river holding its

kind of difficulties and obstructions on my return that sympathized on the former day in the pleasures both of royal course through the midst of all, formed a tout had beset me before. Higb fences, fortified gates,

the bathers and the angler, and could very willingly ensemble nowhere to be met but in “merry England.” stone walls, broken glass, &c., that might almost make bave joined either of them; but, ample as the means of Nor was the next object that presented itself less plea

one suppose the country was invaded by an enemy, en- indulgence now were, it so happened that I did not exsant nor less English. Many of our prospects in this countered me in all directions. Having made my way perience the same inclination. I seemed to be too life are observed to begin well, yet "end”- they say, tbrough one of the inclosures, I just perceived, as I grateful for all that I might do, to do any thing. " in smoke;" but there is one prospect which begins in was leaving it, that “spring-guns and man-traps” were I had now nearly cleared the heath, and was apsmoke, and is nevertheless cheering and delightful from set in these grounds,” and had to be grateful for proaching a few humble dwellings that lay on the borders the begioning to the end. This is the approach to a having neither been killed nor maimed for life, in the of it, when I came up with a hearty intelligent-looking country village. First the smoke, then half a cottage course of my walk. It was nine o'clock when I reached old man, whom I found binding faggots on the road-side. seen through trees, then voices, then a cart, then a red the inn, where, after paying a visit to the manger, 1 sat Good evening, father," I said, “I presume you besign across a road, severally confirm the joyful assurance

down to my own supper, in company with two or three long to this hamlet; if so, I could wish to follow your which imparts new spirit to man and horse, as they other persons; my host soon added himself to the employinent for the sake of its situation.” shorten the distance that separates them from their party, of which I was not sorry, since he seemed as "It is a pleasant country, sir,” he replied. resting place. willing to give information as I was to receive it.

"Aye, that it is" said I, “and what a famous rabbit Having reached the inn and refreshed myself, I went “ Yours is a beautifnl part of the country,I said, warren you have got, and what a famous trout stream ! out on foot to enjoy the scenery a little more at leisure. “ Yes, sir; our travellers always admire it." Yet one thing strikes me as very remarkable ; pray tell After pnrsuing the line of the road for a short way, I • But it seems we are only intended to peep and go is the heath always so free from visitors as I see it reached an eminence from which I again caught a view on," I continued ; I never saw grounds so deter- to-day! I should bave expected it would be filled with of the river, the beautiful pastures on either side, and minedly closed up, so bermetically sealed against all people from morning till night, considering all that it rich wood beyond. Feeling inclined for a pleasant entrance.”

affords ; instead of which I have not met a single human ramble, I began to look about for a stile or a break in Why, sir, there's plenty of fences and such like," being for the last four miles. But it is not usually so, the hedge, by which I might quit the road. But stile said my host," but between ourselves I don't see much I fancy?" there was none, and for the hedge, though I tried at use they are of, for our people hereabouts are a queer “Why, sir, you see, we are rather lonely,” said he, various points to effect a passage, I only succeeded in set; night or day never out of the preserves, always "I don't think more than a dozen people come over the stinging my hands with the nettles, and tearing my after mischief, and my lord might as well try to sbut heath all the week through. To be sure there's a faw clothes amongst the briers. The sight of a gateway a the birds out of bis park as them.”

sporting gentlemen generally visit us for a few days in little further on presently relieved me; I proceeded In reply to my inquiries, be informed me that the the season, and we pick up a little money amongst us by towards it, but to my disappointment, instead of afford. surrounding !ands were divided between two proprietors, serving them with victuals and things, but there's noing the accommodation I looked for, it was fenced round a noble earl and an M. P., whose estates joined each body comes abont here, sir, in a regular way." aboat with brambles in such a manner as to form a other; that they were both of them considered proud After a few further inquiries 1 parted from the old barrier impenetrable as the bedge itself. My spirit of and oppressive masters; were rigid conservators of

man, and getting into the main road again, started off at opposition began to be roused; I had wished before, now every exclusive right, and immoderately severe to all a round pace in hopes to reach the next town before I was resolved to get into the fields ; at first my idea offenders.

nigbtfall. was simply to saunter along the hedge-row, and listen “ Nevertheless, now, I think there's not so much

But may not this example, thought I when I had to the birds, now I began to think of nothing less than poaching in all the rest of the county as there is three leisure to reflect, furnish an evidence in favour of that piercing the wood, and exploring the banks of the river. miles round my house,” said my hosi.

liberty, wbich is only demanded rudely because it is And as " where there's a will there's a way,” I did not Nor so much sheep-stealing,” said a little fat man, withheld arrogantly ? Is it in the nature of men to fail to invent the means which the genius loci refused, who sat smoking his pipe in an opposite corner. commit outrages when in a state of enjoyment? No. and soon found myself placed within reach of all the “ Nor so much trout caught without a license,” ex- Then make men happy, and fear not to make them free. beautiful objects I had been admiring. claimed another person.

Our desires increase in an inverse ratio to their indulMy first movement was in the direction of the wood, “ Nor so many corn fields trampled down," added a

gence. wbień I felt disposed to visit partly from the heat of the farmer.

A pleasure hung out of our reach, acquires to our day, and partly for the sake of botanical research. I “ Nor so much mischief done altogether,” summed imagination a new

and peculiar excelleace, a relish that had only entered it a few minutes, when I heard some

it had not before ; the wish grows to a want, the want rustling among the bushes near to me, and the next The same night I was roused out of my sleep by a becomes a necessity. Let those who are in authority moment two men each with a gun in his hand, started noise in the house, and upon inquiring in the morning show themselves intent upon opposing our inclinatious, up in confusion, and scampering off at full speed, were what had been the cause of the disturbance, learnt that and the result is, that we are incited to seek after and almost instantly out of sight. Reaching the spot from some travellers bad called to give information that to demand much more than we should otherwise have which they had issued, I found a hare, iwo rabbits, and murder had been committed in the neighbourhood, and thought of. A mighty power, that ought to sleep, was a brace or two of partridges on the ground, besides it was subsequently found that a desperate affray had awakened the other day; that popular indignation, several articles of use lying strewed about, which suffi- taken place between a party of poachers and two game- which could not be long wichstood. The machinations ciently convinced me that the men were poachers wbo keepers, in which a man had been killed on both sides,

of its opposers were set at naught, their threats were bad, no doubt, mistaken me for a gamekeeper, and and a third lay so grievously wounded that his life was laughed at, their power openly defied, and we all know the preferred flight to encounter. despaired of.

consequences. It is the same in small things as in great. This reminded me that I was myself trespassing, and Next day I proceeded on my journey.--I had tra- Let blessings which can be bestowed on all, be liberally having no wish to meet with gamekeepers at that pelled without stopping ever since an early hour, and it bestowed, and they will be enjoyed peacefully and in moment, nor to be convicted of poaching on circumstan- was now evening, a glowing autumnal sun almost verg- moderation. Where much is granted, little is abused. tial evidence, I retreated whence I came, and taking ing on the horizon, when on reaching the summit of a We are a fidgetty and fanciful people : therefore, while we another course, made towards a long sloping field which steep bill I again came in for a prospect which seized hear of privileges and advantages that are not for us, I saw at some distance, and from which I promised me with delight. But the character of the scenery was we set no bounds to our opinion of their importance; myself I should behold some points of the prospect to in every respect totally different from that before which

we are likewise a determined and powerful people, peraliar advantage. So I should if I could have ob- I bad paused the previous day. Instead of highly cul- therefore, when we have set our hearts upon an object, lained entrance to it, but upon a nearer approach, I tivated grounds and rich plantations, a wild expanse of no matter what it is, that object, by hook or crook, cost found it was separated from me by a stone wall mounted heath lay before me, without a single vestige of human

us what it may, we follow and obtain ; but, lastly, we are with broken glass. As I stood looking up in disappoint- life or human habitation, but beautiful in its rudeness, a just and reasonable people; therefore, wben we fee ment at this mortifying obstruction, I caught the voices and glorious in its freedom. All hill and dale, you we are in possession of our proper comforts and our of two boys at the other side talking to one another in a could fancy that the sea during a storm had been sud- proper freedom, we shall know we bave got all that we low tone, and from the few words I could overbear, I denly trausmuted with all its waves into so much solid need have, and feel no desire left but to live together found they were secretly discussing and arranging the land. Heatb and fern and the mountain violet, and the in peace and obey the laws. Readers of the London best means of capturing something--but whether birds- the little barebell were to be seen on every side ming. Journal ; is it not so ? Dests or apples, I could not ascertain. Jing their pleasant company, and, what contributed

• Multorum odiis nullas opes posse obsistere." Cic. de off. Proceeding along by the side of the wall, I reached above all to the fine wild character of the scene, various the river. Here two objects caught my attention ; the clumps of noble fir trees from different parts of the forst was a crowd of little naked boys, some in the heath moved their stately heads at one another. The

We are sorry that the length of our abstract of an entire

work, this week, has thrown it out of our present number. water, some running about on the banks, some dressing; blue margin of distant hills crowned a picture nearly and the second was å printed board, on which “ Notice panoramic. I don't know how it was, but I felt no was given that all persons found bathing in that part of particular desire to stray from my path just then ; I say

TABLE-TALK. the river,” and so forth, should be punished with the I don't know how, for I own it occurred to me as a QUEEN ELIZABETH.-In her evasive answers to the utnost rigour of the law.” The boys did not appear to strange thing that I should not. The day before, when commons in reply to their petitions to her majesty to see me, and really they were in such evident enjoyment it was as much as ever I could do to get off the road at marry, she has employed an energetic word. Were of perfect happiness that I wished them not to see me, all, I seemed to have taken a special fancy for rambling; I to tell you that I did not mean to marry, I might say for fear they should take me for the author of that awful now, with miles of open country before me, I seemed less than I did intend ; and were I to tell you that I proclamation, and be put to flight in consequence. content to enjoy the prospect without exploring it. do mean to marry, I might say more than it is proper Therefore I evaded their notice, and pursued the river After pausing thus for a few minutes to satiate my for you to know; therefore I give you an answer, Anin the contrary direction.

admiration, I moved slowly forwards over a little strong swerless ! D’Israeli.

ܕܙ

up my host.

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