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in which the trade are coyly dabbling, have followed its

THE LANCASHIRE WITCHES.

began to think that they were worthy objects of deexample ; and doubtless, in these days of reform, the

testation and terror, that their imprecations bad a musical world will be purified of its exclusiveness, [From Mr Godwin's ' Lives of the Necromancers,' real effect, and their curses killed. The brown hor

rors of the forest were favourable to visions, and they and the works of musicians become as open to every just published. As the chimney-corners at Christ

sometimes almost believed that they met the foe of one as those of writers and painters. Mozart's · Don mas sometimes love to vary their mirthful stories of

mankind in the night. But, when Elizabeth Device Giovanni 'is now puplishing in threepenny numbers,

old times with melancholy, we here give them a very actually saw her grandchild of nine years old placed arranged by Mr Barnett; this is a good beginning.

sad one, which we may end, however, with this cheer- in the witness-box, with the intention of consigning We hope the intire works of Paesiello, Winter, Gluck, ful reflection, that true Christianity has at length put

her to a public and ignominious end, then the Rossini, and other great German and Italian writers an end to such absurdities. The flower has outgrown felt the reality, that, where she had been somewhat

reveries of the imagination vanished, and she deeply will follow. Meantime good selections are the most the husk.]

imposing on the child in devilish sport, she had been desirable, and effect a more rapid spread of a know- A more melancholy tale does not occur in the an- whetting the dagger that was to take her own life, ledge of good music. It was lucky that the first

nals of necromancy than that of the Lancashire and dig her own grave. It was then no wonder that

witches in 1612. The scene of this story is in Pen- she uttered a preternatural yell and poured curses work that set the example of suiting its price to the dlebury Forest, four or five miles from Manchester, from her heart. It must have been almost beyond means of the public was good, and has stood its remarkable for its picturesque and gloomy situation. human endurance to hear the cry of her despair, and ground; otherwise the failure of the thing might Such places were not sought then as now, that they to witness the curses and agony in which it vented have been looked upon as a proof of the fallacy of might afford food for the imagination, and gratify itself.

the refined taste of the traveller. They were rather the reasons that led to the attempt. The · Musical shunned as infamous for scenes of depredation and

Twenty-two years elapsed after this scene, when

a wretched man of the name of Edmund Robinson, Library ’is cheap, beautifully got up, and selected murder, or as the consecrated haunts of diabolical conceived, on the same spot, the scheme of making with taste and discrimination. Every part has some

intercourse. Pendlebury had been long of ill repute himself a profitable speculation from the same

on this latter account, when a country magistrate, thing of the best in it; something for likings exclu

He trained his son, eleven years of age, Roger Nowel by name, conceived about this time and furnished him with the necessary instructions. sively English, something for the lovers of the truly that he should do a public service by rooting out a He taught him to say that one day in the fields he Italian style, something for those who delight in the nest of witches who rendered the place a terror to all had met with two dogs, which he urged on to hunt profundity of the modern German school. A supple

the neighbouring vulgar. The first persons he seized a hare. They would not budge; and he in revenge

on were Elizabeth Demdike and Anne Chattox, the tied them to a bush and whipped them; when sudment of letter-press accompanies the monthly parts,

former of whom was eighty years of age, and had for denly one of them was transformed into an old with comments on the music they contain, and notices some years been blind, who principally subsisted by woman and the other into a child - a witch and of musical occurrences of the day. We would object, begging, though she had a miserable hovel on the her imp. This story succeeded so well that his son

Anne Chattox was had an eye that could distinguish a witch by sight, generally, that, in the arrangements for the Musical spot which she called her own.

of the same age, and had for some time been threat- and he took him round to the neighbouring churches, Library,' too much is sacrificed to exceeding facility ened with the calamity of blindness. Demdike was where he placed bim standing on a bench after serof execution, which makes the accompaniments held to be so hardened a witch that she had trained vice, and bade him look round and see what he sometimes less full than they might be: we could also all her family to the mystery, namely, Elizabeth could observe. The device, however clumsy, sucwish, for our own parts, tbat a little more concerted

Device, her daughter, and James and Alison Device, herceeded, and no less than seventeen persons were apmusic from the dramatic Italian and German writers grandchildren. These, together with John Balcock, prehended at the boy's election, and conducted to

and Jane his mother, Alice Natter, Catherine Hewitt, Lancaster Castle. These seventeen persons were were introduced. There are many of Mozart's finest and Isabel Roby, were successively apprehended by tried at the assizes and found guilty; but the judge, pieces, many among Rossini's best performances, that the diligence of Nowel, and one or two neighbouring whose name has unfortunately been lost, unlike Sir are not at all too difficult to enter into a selection for magistrates, and were all of them by some means in- James Altham and Sir Edward Bromley, saw some

duced, some to make a more liberal, and others a thing in the case that excited his suspicion, and, the most general uses. And may we entreat speedily more restricted confession of their misdeeds in witch- though the juries had not hesitated in any one infor a few specimens of Gluck and Winter, particu- . craft, and were afterwards hurried away to Lancaster stance, respited the convicts, and sent up a report larly some of the latter's affecting compositions in Castle, fifty miles off, to prison. Their crimes were of the affair to the government. Twenty-two years, the “Ratto di Proserpina,' which is an easy straight- and resentment; and it was reported to have resaid to have universally proceeded from malignity on this occasion, had not elapsed in vain. Four of

the prisoners were, by the judge's recommendation, forward work, and most beautiful? The current Num- peatedly happened for poor old Demdike to be led by sent for to the metropolis, and were examined, first by ber of the Musical Library' contains, among the in- night from her habitation into the open air, by some the king's physician, and then by Charles the Ist, in strumental music, an Air and Variations by Beethoven

member of her family, where she was left alone for an person. The boy's story was strictly scrutinized. In

hour to curse her victim, and pursue her unholy in- fine, he confessed that it was all an imposture; and in his most original manner. It reminds us of the cantations, and was then sought and brought back the whole seventeen received the royal pardon. Theme and Variations in his Septuor;' the two things again to her hovel. Her curses never failed to proare very different, but obviously by the same master duce the desired effect. hand ;-three of Handel's finest choruses arranged The poor wretches had been but a short time in

TABLE TALK. prison, when information was given that a meeting for the pianoforte ; and the wonderful overture to of witches was held on Good-Friday, at Malkin's

Bad Translations.-Madame de la Fayette (au• Don Giovanni.' What a pity that the still more Tower, the habitation of Elizabeth Device, to the

thoress of some of the French Fairy Tales ') used wonderful introduction into which it should run, number of twenty persons, to consult how, by in

to compare a bad translation to a footman sent with which finishes with that beautiful trio for three fernal machinations, to kill one Lovel, an officer, to

a compliment from his mistress; what she had blow up Lancaster Castle, deliver the prisoners, and directed him to say in the most polite terms, he quite basses, could not have been given us with it. It is

to kill another man of the name of Lister. The murders by his bungling rusticity in delivering it; difficult, perhaps, but not impossible; and its beauty last was effected; the other plans, by some means, we

and the more delicate the message is the more it is would pay for any amount of difficulty. Among are not told now, were prevented.

sure to suffer from the ignorance of such a mes

senger. the vocal music is a pleasing ballad by Arne, and a The prisoners were kept in jail till the summer sweet glee by Spofforth, the sweetest of glee writers.

assizes; and, in the meantime, it fortunately hap- Involuntary Trip to the West Indies.--A frigate,

pened that the poor blind Demdike died in confine- returning from a cruise, came off Plymouth, and the The tenderness and beauty of this one are not to be ment, and was never brought up to trial.

Captain invited a few friends to dine on board, prosurpassed in anything of the kind. It was written, we

The other prisoners were severally indicted for mising them a sail, as it was a fine day. They went and believe, in C, for a counter-tenor, tenor, and two killing by witchcraft certain persons who were named, enjoyed it much ; but as they were tacking to return

to port, a cutter came up with an order from governbasses; but, for more general convenience it has been and were all found guilty. The principal witnesses re-arranged, in A three sharps, for two trebles, alto,

against Elizabeth Device were James Device and ment, for him to sail instantly to the West Indies, Jennet Device, her grandchildren, the latter only station. There was nothing to be done, therefore,

with some sealed packets to the Admiral on that and bass ; it goes very well so, and is certainly better

nine years of age. When this girl was put into the suited to family parties ; by this arrangement the witness box the grandmother, on seeing her, set up such a view of the West Indies as they neither ex

but to take his company with him, and give them ladies are not excluded, and that is the chief thing. so dreadful a yell, intermixed with dreadful curses, A memoir of the composer is in the Supplement.

that the child declared that she could not go on with pected nor wished to have.— The Ship.
her evidence, unless the prisoner was removed. This Ancient Reform Schedule.--In old times people used
was agreed to, and both brother and sister swore that to put a written schedule of their sins under the cloth
they had been present, when the devil came to their which covered the altar of a favourite saint, accompa-
grandmother, in the shape of a black dog, and asked nied by a onation ; and, in a day or two after,
her what she desired. She said the death

of John Ro re-examined the schedule, which the virtues of the SONNET.

binson; when the dog told her to make an image of saint converted to a blank.---Fosbrooke's British MonRobinson in clay, and after crumble it into dust, and achism.

as fast as the image perished, the life of the victim My little chirping fire, companion gay,

should waste away, and in conclusion the man should Whose merry gambols make me less alone, die. This testimony was received ; and upon such

TO CORRESPONDENTS. A blessing on thy glee! Be ever known testimony, and testimony like this, ten persons were

It is At evening hour, when just the dying day

led to the gallows, on the twentieth of August, Anne Our Correspondents will excuse us this once.

Chattox, of eighty years of age among the rest, the Hath made light sad. - Thou hast a pleasant way

Christmas time, and good friends make allowances. day after the trials, which lasted two days, were Of muttering low, in many a little tone, finished. The judges who presided on the-e trials

Several articles have been delayed by the press of imQuaint syllables—that scarcely from his own were Sir James Altham and Sir Edward Bromley, mediate matter till next week, when we shall bring

barons of the exchequer. The cricket knows, as pausing mid his play. :

up all arrears remaining at the end of 1834. From the whole of this story it is fair to infer that these old women had played at the game of com

To one Correspondent, however, a Lady, we canSweet is thy precept in that listening hour;

merce with the devil. It had flattered their vanity not help making our acknowledgments for the letter Thou seem'st to tell me with thy quiet mirth to make their simpler neighbours afraid of them. received from Wales, accompanied with apologies no How good is hope_regret how little worth :- To observe the symptoms of their rustic terror, even of their hatred and detestation, had been gratifying ful for the spirit that dictated them.

less needless in themselves than welcome and delightAnd perfect is thy love ; if Fate but lower

to them. The cold world leaves us,—thou, with kindlier turn, imperfect degree they deceived themselves. Human

They played the game so long that in an When sharpest frost impends dost merriest burn. passions are always to a certain degree infectious. LONDON: Published by H. HOOPER, 13, Pall Mall East.

E. W, Perceiving the hatred of their neighbours, they From the Storm-Press of C. & W. REYNELL, Little Pulteney-streef.

TO MY FIRE.

LONDON JOURNAL .

TO ASSIST THE INQUIRING, ANIMATE TAB STRUGGLING, AND SYMPATHIZE WITA ALL.

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 31, 1834.

No. 40.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

THE EDITOR having been accidentally prevented from seeing the This must be mended, or there will be no such pliment to one's influence; and influence is often it proof sheets of last week's Journal, requests the reader to correct an error of the press in the first article, which is of importance to the thing as a New Year by and by. Novelty will go own proof of a right to be complimented; as want of writer's meaning. It is in the passage where Christianity is spoken

out: the sun will halt in the sky, and prudent men influence is sometimes a greater. But, for the sake of as a "GREAT EVENT.” This event, says the passage as it stands in print, “has had a wonderful effect on the world, and sharply consider whether they have need of com- of fair play among mankind, every advantage must still has, even in the workings of its apparently unfilial daughter, Modern Philosophy, who could never have been what she is, but mon perception.

have its drawback; and it is a drawback on the for the doctrine of boundless Deity, grafted upon the elegant self

Without entering into politics, something is to be power to confer benefits, that it cannot always reference of the Greeks, and the patriotism of the Romans, which was so often a mere pretext for the most unneighbourly injustice. said, now-a-days, for an Englishman's being averse to

be sure of the motives of those who do it honour. Now so great an event must have been in the contemplation of

the

making presents; and, as it behoves us to ma Providence," &c.

If a day is to be set apart for such manifestations Instead of the word “ Deity" in this passage, it should have been

best of a bad thing, reasons might be shown also, of good will, the birth-day would seem better for sympathy. In the same article, instead of "the Handel and Corelli,” read why it is not so well to have a formal and official sort

them than NewYear's Day. The compliment «« Handel and Corelli."

of day for making presents, as to leave them to more would be more particular and personal; others might NEW YEARS' DAY. NEW YEAR'S spontaneous occasions. Besides, if every body gives, not know of it, and so would not grudge it; and GIFTS. THE WASSAIL-BOWL.

and everybody receives, where, it may be asked, is real affections would thus be indulged, not mere cereAll the Christmas holidays have, or may have, if the compliment ? and how are people to know whe. monies. they please, some things in common, such as mince- ther they would have given or received anything,

We own that we think there is something in that pies, plum-puddings, holly-boughs, and games of had it not been the custom ?

distinction. Yet our sprightly-blooded neighbours play ; but the three principal ones have each their

How are they to be sure, whether a very petty pre would no doubt have replies to all these arguments; indispensable accompaniment, Christmas Day its

sent is not a positive insult, till they compare it with and, for our part, we are for cutting the knot of the log on the fire--New-Year's Day its wassail-bowl

what has been received by others ? And how are difficulty thus:-Make us all rich enough, and then - Twelfth Night its cake. Every man may think

men in office and power to be sure that in the gifts we could indulge ourselves both on the New Year's he begins a New Year purely by 'entering into the

of their inferiors there is anything but mere self- Day and the birth-day, both on the general occasion, 1st of January; but he is mistaken. The New

seeking and bribery? It was formerly the custom in and the particular one. For, to say the truth, we Year is no more to him than the old one—the lst England to load princes and ministers with New- people who are not rich, and who, therefore, have of January nothing different from the 31st of Den

Year's Gifts. Queen Elizabeth, who had the soul of nothing perhaps worth withholding, are long in cember. The poor man walks in error. People,

a mantua-maker as well as of a monarch, received coming to understand how it is that rich people can reif they could, have a right to hustle him back

whole wardrobes of gowns and caps, as well as sist these anniversary opportunities of putting delight again into the preceding week, and ask him what

caskets of jewellery. What a day must she have into the eyes of their friends and dependents, and business he has out of his twelve-month.

passed of it, with all the fine things spread out before distributing their toys and utilities on all sides of Formerly, everybody made presents on New.

her! And, yet with all her just estimation of her. them. Presents (properly so called) are great ties Year's Day, as they still do in Paris, where our

self, and her vanity to boot, bitter suspicions must to gratitude, and therefore great increasers of power lively neighbours turn the whole metropolis into a

occasionally have crossed her, that all this was but and influence, especially if they are of such a kind as world of cakes, sweetmeats, jewellery, aud all sorts

so much self-interest appealing to self-love. But to be constantly before the eye, thus producing an of gifts and greetings. The Puritans checked that

suppose a Duke or

an Ear) did not send a everlasting association of pleasant ideas with the custom, out of a notion that it was superstitious, gift good enough. Here was ground for anger and giver. They tell the receiver that he is worth and because the heathens did it; which was an

jealousy, and all the pleasure-spoiling self-will which something in the giver's eyes ; and thus the worth odd reason, and might have abolished many other

sees no good in what is given it, provided some- of the giver becomes twenty-fold. Nor do we say innocent and laudable practices-eating itself, for

thing be wanting. Dryden addressed some verses this sneeringly, or in disparagement of the selfone and going to bed. Innumerable are the auon New Year's Day to Lord Chancellor Hyde love which must

of necessity be, more or less, mixed thorities which (had we lived in those days) we (Clarendon), which he begins as follows :

up with everyone's nature; for the most disinterwould have brought up in behalf of those two cus

ested love would have nothing to act upon without toms, in answer to the New Year's-Day-knocking

My Lord,

it; and the most generous people in the world, down folios of Mr Prynne, the great “ blasphemer While flattering crowds officiously appear

such as most consult the pleasure of others before of custard.” Unfortunately, if the Puritans thought To give themselves, not you, a happy year,

And, by the greatness of their presents, prove their own, must lose their very identity and pergift-giving superstitious, the increasing spirit of How much they hope, but not how well they love, &c. sonal consciousness, before they can lose a strong sense commerce was too well inclined to admit half its

of themselves, and, consequently, a strong desire epithet, and regard the practice as, at least, superHere was a blow (not very well considered perhaps)

to be pleased. fluous-a thing over and above—and what was not at the self-complacency induced by the receipt of

Oh, but rich people, it will be said, are not always always productive of a' “consideration.”

« No-
great presents !” Suppose Lord Chancellor Lynd-

so rich as they are supposed to be; and even when thing's given for nothing now-a-days,” as the saying hurst, or Lord Chancellor Brougham, had similar is. Nay, it is doubtful whether next to nothing presents sent them on the like occasion. How could they are, they find plenty of calls upon their riches, will always be given for something. There are the one be sure that his great legal knowledge, or

without going out of their way to encourage them. people, we are credibly informed, taken for persons

the other, that eren his great genius, and tact for all They have establishments to keep up, heaps of ser" well to do” in the world, and of respectable charac- knowledge, ' had anything to do with the compli- vants, &c.; their wives and families are expensive; ters, who will even turn over the pages of the ment? or that it was not as mere a trick for court- and then they are cheated beyond measure. London Journal, and narrowly investigate whether favour, as any thing which they would now de- Making allowances for all this, and granting in there is enough wit, learning, philosophy, lives, spise? We grant, that (where there is any right to some instances that wealth itself be poor, considering travels, poetry, voyages, and romances in it, for bestow it at all) a present is a present; that it is an the demands upon it, nevertheless for the most part three half-pence.

addition to one's stock, and, at all events, a com real wealth must be real wealth; that is to say, must From the Steam-Press of C. &W. REYXELL, Little Pulteney-street.)

NEW YEAR'S EVE AND NEW YEAR'S DAY

rare.

have a great deal more than enough. You do not to permit themselves to receive it; otherwise we Radicals; and cry one and all with the poet whom
find that a rich man (unless he is a miser) hesitates pay both parties a very ill compliment, and such as Plato pronounced the “ wisest,” or with his transla-
to make a great many presents to himself, — books, no modest and honourable spirit on either side would tor who has hit the passage off like a proper was-
jewels, horses, clothes, furniture, wines, or whatever venture upon. There might, it is true, be a state of sailer,--
the thing may be that he cares most før; and he society, in which such ventures would not be quite

pray thee by the Gads above, must cease to do this (we mean of course in its so hardy; and it is possible, meanwhile, that a very

Give me the mighty Bowl I love, superfuity) before he talks of his inability to make young and enthusiastic nature, in its ignorance of the

And let me sing, in mild delight,

I will, I will be mad to-night. presents to others. perplexities that at present beset the world, might

Moore's Anacreon. Allow us to add a few maxims for those who make here and there hazard it; but probably a good deal of presents, whether on New Year's-day or birth-day. self-love would be mixed up with the proceeding.

THE WEEK. If the present is to be very exquisite indeed, and no

The only possible exception would be in the case of mortification will be mixed up with the receipt of it, a great and rare genius, who had a right to make From Wednesday the 31st December, to Tuesday the 6tk out of pure inability to make an equal one, or from any

of January. laws to itself, and to suppose that its notice was other eause, the rule has often been laid down. It acquaintanceship sufficient. should be something useful, beautiful, costly, and

For present-making, then, upon New-Year's Day, NEW-YEAR'S DAY AT A HOUSE IN D-SHIRE. "T It is generally an elegance, however, to omit

the case must stand as it may happen. It is no Sir, I am one who have formerly read with great the costliness. The rarity is the great point, because

longer a sine-qua-non. People may make them or not, delight your essays on Christmas and other holidayriches itself cannot always command it, and the pe

either on this day or birth-days, without, of necessity, keeping; and the approach of this time-honoured culiarity of the compliment is the greater. Rare proving their generosity or the want of it—always and wishes that you would not let it pass by, without

season is beginning to stir up within me many hopes present to rare person.

provided they exhibit the present-making capabi- resuming so interesting and inspiring a subject. If you are rich, it is a good rule in general to lity somehow or other in the course of their lives. make a rich present; that is to say, one equal, or at But we cannot consent to rank ourselves among [Our correspondent, whose recollections are very least not dishonourable to your means; otherwise

those who would let the day pass over without flattering to us, will see that we have done what he you set your riches above your friendship and gener- some distinctive mark of old times; especially as

wished.] osity; which is a mean mistake. we trust that better days are in store for all the

I humbly hope that you may be gratified by the Among equals, it is a good rule not to exceed the world, and will bring the best of old customs round following description of a New-Year's morning which

I witnessed at a house in D-shire, where the door equality of resources; otherwise there is a chance again; and, therefore, one virtue we hold to be in

has not been barred upon good old customs, and of giving greater mortification than pleasure, unless cumbent upon all thinking and social people on the where Old Christmas is still welcomed and supto a mean mind; and it does not become a generous

1st of January, and that is the having a Wassail- ported by a remnant of sincere and affectionate one to care for having advantages over a mind like bowl. We have done something in our time to

retainers. that.

wards restoring the use of this venerable jollity in But a rich man may make a present far richer

I am, sir, the metropolis, and have reason to know that we than can be made him in return, provided the re

Your constant reader and admirer, succeeded in many quarters; and we hereby enjoin

OLD. SOCIAL. 1 ceiver be as generous and understanding as he, and

such of our readers as are not yet acquainted with knows that there will be no mistake on either side. In

N. B. This pleasing little masque was principally it, but have sense and good-humour enough to de

enacted by the children of the family :this case, an opportunity of giving himself great

serve the acquaintance, to set about preparing one delight is afforded to the rich man ; but he can only forthwith. They may see, in the course of the

NEW-YEAR'S MORNING AT R- 1831. have, or bestow it, under those circumstances.

As the clock struck nine in the morning of Newnext article (“The Week'), how it is made; but it On the other hand, a poor man, if he is generous, is a good-natured bowl, and accommodates itself to

Year's-day, the doors of the drawing-room were

thrown open, and the family and friends entered, and understood to be so, may make the very poorest the means of all classes, rich and poor.

followed by the household. A most pleasing surprise of presents, and give it an exquisite value; for his heart

have it of the costliest wine, or the humblest seized upon all: at the farther end of the aparte and his understanding will accompany it; and the malt-liquor (we fancy we see several pleasant faces

ment appeared a group of allegorical personages. very daring to send his straw, will show that he has a

Janus, on a pedestal, with an altar before him instantly, over this paper, looking their resolution spirit above his means, and such as could bestow and

smoking with incense; Aurora, on his left, with the to have it some in porcelain and some in common enrich the costliest present. But the certainty of

“ bright morning-star, day's harbinger," and on his ware); but, in no case must the roasted apples be right, winged, and bearing a rural crown, stood, his being thus 'generous, and having this spirit

, forgotten ; they are the sine-qua-non of the Wassail- smiling in youthful beauty, the Angel of Peace. must be very great. It would be the miserablest and

Now entered a train of villagers, gaily and tastebowl, as the Wassail-bowl is of the day—and very most despicable of all mistakes, and, in all probabi

fully decorated, preceded by a banner, inscribed pleasant they are, provided they are not mixed up lity, the most self-betraying too, to send a poor pre

“ WE WISH YOU A HAPPY NEW YEAR." too much with the beverage, -balmy, comfortable, sent under a shabby pretence. and different,—a sort of meat in the drink, but in

The baskets of the villagers were filled with gifts, With no sort of presents must there be pretence.

which, elevating as they approached the altar, they nocent withal, and reminding you of the orchards, People must not say (and say falsely) that they could

offered to Janus, and addressed him in an approThey mix their flavour with the beverage, and the priate hymn, accompanied by music. At the conget no other, or that they could afford no better; nor

beverage with them, giving a new meaning to the clusion, Janus, after having been crowned, demust they affect to think better of the present than it line of the poet :

scended, and hand in hand, with the “ Rosy Aurora," is worth; nor, above all, keep asking about it after it

was seen to approach, led forward by the Angel of is given how you like it, whether you find it

" The gentler apple's winy juice;"

Peace, who, with the beamy smile of benevolence, useful, &e.

For both winy and “gentler” have they becoine by extended her olive branch as she advanced. Janus, It is often better to give no present at all than one this process. Our ancestors gave them the affec- bearing a vase of fragrant and emblematical herbs

and flowers, addressed the master of the mansion, as beneath your means ;-always, should there be a tionate name of Lamb's Wool; for we cannot help he presented them, in the following lines :misgiving on the side of the bestower.

thinking (in spite to what is intimated by one of our One present in the course of a life is generosity authorities) that this term applied more particularly

Fair Venus sends the myrtle bough,

Young Cupid cropped the rose, from some: from others it is but a sacrifice made to the apples, and not so much to the bowl altogether ;

That Love and Beauty still may deck: to avoid giving more. though, if it did, it shows how indispensably neces

Thy couch of soft repose. To receive a present handsomely and in a right sary to it they were considered.

Old Saturn sends his hoary sprig,

: spirit, even when you have none to give in return, Throw off your reserves, then, dear people, and be

Twined with Minerva's sage; is to give one in return.

“merry and wise,"_with the courts of kings, if you So shall thy years with wisdom dwell, We must not send presents to strangers (except of are Tories (for they used to have the Wassail-bowl,

Companion of thy age. a very common and trifling nature, and not without as you may see in our · Week,'); with Addison and

Ceres presents the golden ear, some sort of warrant even then) unless we are sure Steele, if you are Whigs (jovial as well as moral

By summer suns embrowned ; of our own right and good motives in sending it, and fellows in their time); with this most radical mois- And harvest o'er thy smiling lands, of the right and inelination, too, which they would have ture and thorough-going refreshment, 'if you are With plenty shall be crowned. }

You may

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one.

Ibid, p.

Gay Bacchus laughing bared his brow, careful to end the old year well, so they are no less change of climate. They accordingly embarked for
Of ivy wreathed with vine,

solicitous of making a good beginning of the new his native land, and soon after he was restored to

The old one is ended with a hearty compota-
That high thy generous cup may flow,

health. He then solicited an employment in the
tion; the new one is opened with the custom of send-
With rosy sparkling wine.

ing presents, which are termed New Year's Gifts, to Isle of France, where he was appointed Major. The

friends and acquaintances.” He resolves both cus- princess, however, previous to quitting France, had Hygea sends her healing balm, toms into superstitions, as being observed that the

been recognized by the Marshal de Saxe, who, after (The richest boon yet giv'n)

succeeding year ought to be prosperous and suc-
That health may sweeten all thy joys,
cessful.

having called on her, and heard the story of her adThe poet Naogeorgus is cited by Hospinian, as ventures, informed his king of the discovery he had And bid them taste of Heaven.

telling us, that it was usual in his time for friends to made. His Majesty desired his Minister of Marine The master then received the baskets of New. present each other with a New Year's Gift; for the to write to the Governor of the Mauritius, directing Year's Gifts. Each was accompanied with a billet, husband to give to his wife; parents to their children; that every mark of distinction should be showered on containing the name of the person for whom it was and masters to their servants, &c.; a custom derived Monsieur and Madame D’Auband, and that they intended, and of the one who presented it; the billet to the Christian world from the times of Gentileism. should always be treated with the highest consideraalso contained some wish or compliment, poetically The superstition condemned in this by the ancient tion. These orders, we are told, were punctually expressed, and the gifts were distributed to the fathers, lay in the idea of these gifts being considered as obeyed; the princess lived in tranquil happiness in guests as directed.

omens of success for the ensuing year. In this sense that island until 1747, when her beloved husband died;

also, and in this sense alone, could they have an- she then returned to Paris, where she lived to a great NEW-YEAR'S DAY IN GERMANY.

swered the benevolent compliments of wishing each age. What a change of fortune did this lady expe(From Goethe's Memoirs of Himself.') other a happy New Year.

rience ! and how exactly the reverse was the change It was in the beginning of the new year—a day Dr Morison tells us, that in Scotland, it was in his of Madame de Maintenon, who, from the condition on which the general bustle, occasioned by the visits

time the custom to send New Year's Gifts on New of a private individual, a desolate widow, became the of congratulation, set the whole city in motion. To us children this day always afforded a pleasure long Year's Eve, but that on New Year's Day they first female at the brilliant court of Louis XIV, and, and eagerly wished for at our grandfather's house, wished each other a happy day, and asked New eventually, was elevated to the dignity of Queen, where we used to assemble by break of day, to hear a Year's Gifts.

although not publicly acknowledged such! She, concert performed by all the musicians belonging to

I believe it is still usual in Northumberland for who was born in a prison, and whose early years the town, the military bands, and all who had any pretensions to handle flute, clarionet, and haut-boy. persons to ask for a New Year's Gift.

were passed in poverty and obscurity, was afterwards We were intrusted to distribute new-year's gifts to

In the Statistical Account of Scotland,' Edinb. the dispenser of honours and emoluments !-to whom the people of the ground story: the number of receivers and the crowd of visitors hourly increased.

1793, 8vo., vol. vii., p. 488, Parishes of Cross, statesmen, generals, authors, applied for places and Relations and confidential persons came first ; func- &c., County of Orkney, New Year's Gifts occur

for pensions! She, too, passed part of her life in a tionaries and people in subordinate situations came under the titles of “ Christmas Presents,” and as

distant colony, but that was before she had known next; and even the members of the senate would given to servant-maids by their masters.

splendour and rank. The Russian princess went not fail to pay their respects to their pretor. A

into exile, after having experienced the insufficiency select party used to sup in the evening in the dining. 489, we read; “ There is a large stone, about nine or room, which was scarcely ever opened again during ten feet high, and four broad, placed upright in a

of exalted station to confer happiness ; the morning the remainder of the year. We were particularly plain, in the isle of North Ronaldshag; but no

of her days passed amidst the glitter of a court where delighted, as will easily be believed, with the tarts, tradition is preserved concerning it, whether erected

she was miserable ;-peaceful and happy was her debiscuits, macaroons, and sweet wines distributed on the occasion. In short, on this anniversary we

in memory of any signal event, or for the purpose of cline in the privacy she had chosen. Madame de enjoyed, on a small scale, everything that is usual on administering justice, or for religious worship. The

Maintenon, in all the plentitude of her power, and the celebration of more pompous festivals. writer of this (the parish priest) has seen fifty of the

the magnificence which surrounded her, perhaps had PASSAGES ON NEW-YEAR'S EVE, AND NEW-YEAR'S DAY. inhabitants assembled there on the first day of the

reason to look back with regret on the time when (From Brand's · Popular Antiquities.') year, and dancing in the moonlight with no other

she was the poor but distinguished widow of Scarron; music than their own singing."

distinguished by her talents, not by her station ; There was an ancient custom, which is yet retained

in the evening of her life, she acknowledged that she in many places, on New Year's Eve : young women

had never known real happiness, whilst she was supwent about with a Wassail bowl of spiced ale, with

posed to have attained the summit of earthly felicity. some sort of verses that were sung by them as they

ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE.
went from door to door. Wassail is derived from
the Anglo-Saxon væl hal, be in health. “ The Was- NO. LI.—HER IMPERIAL HIGHNESS MADAME D'AUBAND.
sail Bowl,says Warton, “ is Shakspeare's gossip's (From "Recollections of Seven Years in the Mauritius.')
bowl, in the Midsummer's Night's Dream,' Act I.

A STILE.
CHARLOTTE CHRISTINA SOPHIA DE WOLFENBUTTEL,
Scene I. The composition was ale, nutmeg, sugar,

wife of Czarovitz Alexis, son of Peter I, was unfor-
toast, and roasted crabs or apples. It was also called
Lamb's Wool."
tunately an object of aversion to her husband, al.

(LATE EMMA LOUISA SARGEANT.) It appears from Thomas de la Moore ( Vita Edw. though beautiful and amiable. In a fit of passion, he

For the London Journal. II.') and old Havillian (in ‘Architren.' Lib. 2.) that was-haile and drinc-heil were the usual ancient phrases

gave her one day a blow which caused her to be preof quaffing among the English and synonymous with maturely confined with a dead child. The Countess

“ It looks so old, the “ Come, here's to you,” and “I'll pledge you," of Konnismark, who attended on the princess, being

In truth you'd find it hard to say of the present day. aware that if she recovered she would only be ex

How it could ever have been young." It was unnecessary to add, that they accepted little

WORDSWORTH. presents on the occasion from the houses at which posed to further acts of violence, determined to de

clare that she had died. The Czarovitz, to whom they stopped to pay this annual congratulation.

A Stile. The very word, short and insignificant as The learned Selden, in his • Table-Talk,' (article this was agreeable news, ordered her immediate inter• Pope'), gives a good description of it.

“ The

ment; couriers were dispatched to inform the Czar it appears, brings before us, with the rapid movement Pope," says he, “in sending relicks to Princes, does of the event, and all the courts of Europe went into

of imagination's wand, one of nature's sweetest scenes. as wenches do to their Wassails at New Year's tide ;

There it stands, in its aged awkwardness, the only they present you with a cup, and you must drink of mourning. The princess escaped to America with a slabey stuff—but the meaning is, you must give an aged domestic, who passed for her father, and a

way of egress from the narrow pathway. Fields, them money, ten times more than it is worth." feinale attendant. While she was living in privacy waving like the restless ocean, rise on every side, Verstegan gives the subsequent etymology of Was- in Louisiana, an officer of the name of D’Auband,

crowned with woods, or bounded by the nettley hedgesail : :-“ As was is our verb of the preter-imperfect who had seen her in Russia, recollected her, and

There stands the cottage of the labourer in tense, or preter-perfect tense, signifying have been, made her an offer of his services. Soon after they

the hollow, and there the tiny brook comes gurgling, so was, being the same verb in the imperative mood' and now pronounced wase, is as much as to say grow,

heard that the Czarovitz was dead, and D’Auband though stealthily, along; but none of these can be or become; and waesheal, by corruption of pronun- then engaged to conduct the princess back to Russia; approached until this frail barrier be surmounted. ciation, afterwards came to be wassail.”- Restitu- but she found herself happier in a private station, We wonder not, then, at the air of importance which tion of Decayed Intelligence,' edit. London, 1653, and declared her intention of remaining in retirement. the mouldering, dilapidated stile is apt sometimes to 8vo. 101.

Ben Jonson personifies it thus : “ Enter Wassel. The old domestic dying about this time, she was like a neat semster and songster, her page bearing a without any protector, and D’Auband, who had been “ There are the fields, the woods, the rivulet, the brown bowl drest with ribbands and rosemary before long attatched to her, offered her his hand;—she cottage hearth,” it would seem to say, as, leaning for

Thus she, who had been destined to ward its aged summit, it appears to render all farther In the : Antiquarian Repertory,' vol. i. p. 218, accepted it

. edit. 1775, is a woodcut of a large oak beam, the anwear the imperial diadem, became the wife of a lieu

progress impracticable; go to them by some other cient support of a chimney-piece, on which is carved tenant of infantry,

outlet, or despise not the useful stepping-stone over a large bowl, with this inscription on one side, “ Wass

The princess had no reason to regret her second which you pass.” Nor is the request without its

reasonable foundation, for it is not the beauty of the The ingenious remarker on this representation ob- marriage ;-happy in the affection of a man she had serves, that it is the figure of the old Wassail-Bowl, wedded from choice, she lived in uninterrupted peace stile, nor its convenience, which you have taken so so much the delight of our hardy ancestors, who on and comfort ten years, without a wish to mingle long a walk to contemplate; the ripe meadows around, the vigil of the New Year, never failed to assemble again in the splendid scenes where she had known the rich woods beyond, the bright heavens above, all

call forth ejaculations of delight, whilst the stilemthe bours, and then, in the spicy) Wassel-Bowl (which testis only misery; but D'Auband fell into ill health, and fied the goodness of their hearts), drowned every former his wife, anxious above all things for his recovery, poor, the decayed, the insignificant stile is stept over animosity, an example worthy modern imitation.” proposed that they should go to France to procure in silence, or merely observed, to call forth exclama

“ As the vulgar,” says Browne, " are always very the best medical advice, and to try the effect of a tions against its age, its awkwardness, and its “stu

BY MRS R. J. HARTWELL

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pidity.” Alas! there are stepping-stones in this never passed a stile unnoticed, and seldom without To judge from the specimen plate before us, we world of ours, whose thinking of him.

should imagine everyone interested in planting “ Shape is human, and whose soul's immortal.” Then, again, how many are the reminiscences of would find the · Arboretum Britannicum' the best

Here we But, it may be said, would not open spaces answer rustic lovers connected with some favourite stile! of guides in that absorbing pursuit.

have the features of the tree in detail, in representthe same purpose ? For thy convenience, dear reader,

there have they met ; there parted; there sat for hours perchance they might (though, if thou art a true lover

in conversation, or lingered, bidding a long adieu; ations of the fruit and leaves, very clearly and of the country, thou couldst not but grieve at the

there the initials of many a dear name are rudely judiciously engraved, while we see the figure the demolishing of so rustic and picturesque a feature in carved; there many have been joyously, blush

whole tree will cut in a full-length portrait on a her beauty), yet what would not the owners of the

ingly and unexpectedly recognized by their fair smaller scale. Making a fixed scale, too, for all the land suffer from the absence of this useful incum

There we could believe even declarations engravings, perfects the idea of such a work, as brance? What would prevent strange cattle from

of attachment to have been unpremeditatingly made, thus a just impression may be got of the proporinvading their pastures, or their own from straying

when the maiden, all smiles and timidity, is ashamed tion of the sizes of the various plants. from the meadow to the corn-field or the neighbourof “giving so much trouble,” it comes as a thing of

Mr Loudon was one of the first, if we mistake ing road? At least so thought one of them, who was

course from the lips of one who fondly loves to declare, not, to set the example of making large demands once a near neighbour of ours. The land he owned

with a gentle pressure of the hand he holds, that it on the resources of the artist to enforce the descripwas considerable, and all but one small portion of it would be the greatest happiness of his life to be “80

tions in the text ; these verbal descriptions must was left to him undisturbed. Now this small portion,

troubled,” in protecting her from every danger ever be vague and uncertain ; a mere portrait of a dear reader, lay immediately below our little village ; hazards, forgetful of the danger, and cough and hurry ties; if these two are joined, we know all about

through hers, and then slie would spring down at all thing tells us little of its nature or innate properindeed, a path through it led to a few picturesque habitations which stood in its suburbs. About mid

Then, too, how delightful, especially to the it at once. The practice is gaining ground considerway between the two stood a stile (methinks I be

pent-up Londoner, is a stile, with a book! how con- ably. hold it at this moment, so many have been the anxious

venient the resting-place it offers, and how picturesque glances cast towards it as we hastened on to satisfy the prospect it commands! Stands it upon an emi

Prudent Sensibility. The relations of a Dutch our impatient hopes), and a stile it was of most for

nence, to what advantage is the scenery around beheld heiress, who had run away with an Englishman, midable pretensions; nay, we even came to the conwhenever your eye turns from the page you are

addressed an advertisement to her in the papers, reclusion, when obliged to clamber over its summit, perusing! (How preferable to the view of the narrow

questing, that if she would not return to her discon

solate parents, she would at least send back the key that, of all awkward stiles, it was, assuredly, the most

foggy street which your study window presents !) Is it of the tea-chest, which she had carried away with her. awkward. Now this fact appeared to me universally

in a hollow lane? welcome the shade of the surrounding admitted, for rarely did a morning dawn but an hills; or midway across a narrow lane, how strong is

TO CORRESPONDENTS. opening had been made beside it, through the adjoin

the sense of retirement which you experience! I ing hedge, for the convenience of the passenger, at cannot say I love your up-and-down-stair stiles so

Several articles and letters have been unavoidably the expense of him who was its rightful owner.

often to be found in the vicinity of our metropolis. delayed for the last two weeks. Among them is a Again to replace the broken and dilapidated barrier Accommodating they certainly are ; but their formal, notice of Miss Landon's new novel, “ Francesca Carbecame at length impossible. What was to be done? uncountryfied appearance deteriorates greatly from

rara,' a production full of interesting remarks for reThe proprietor of this most unaccommodating accom

the beauty of the scene. The more aukward, the flection. Several other interesting books have been modation was by no means a man to put up with

more picturesque ; and I, for one, would gladly put received, and will be duly noticed. injury and encroachments upon his property, and it up with the former for the sake of the latter; and

We are sorry that the above reason has also forced was therefore not long ere a pile of huge stones leant

yet I must own, in common with most of my sex,
when the moment of trial is at hand, I have inwardly Chapter on · Education’ till the new year; but it will

us to postpone the conclusion of Mr Simpson's against its massive post ; but what was the consequence? morning dawned, and the hedge was sur

rejoiced at the facility which the steps attached to it rounded by its former protectors; evening, and all offer. I stand not at one now, or, perchance, I might very well stand by itself

, as a separate article, for

new readers; and we have more extracts to make alter my opinion. was again secure: once more the sun arose, and once

from his book. OLD CROny's letter on the Mo

But I have sometimes seen large masses of stone more the barrier was pulled down. Once more the

dern System of Education' shall, if possible, accomsun descended, and once more the fortification was

placed on either side, which are equally convenient erected, but to no avail; it seemed as though that and far more romantic in their appearance ; indeed, pany the conclusion of Mr Simpson's Chapter.

LA REVENSE in our next. luminary itself undermined its foundation, for, with in some parts of the country, such stones compose

UN JEUNE MARI speedily. And the Birth of the barrier itself. its appearance, there it continually lay prostrate and

Poesy,'—the receipt of which we ought to have acunavailing, without offering one clue to the offender.

And now, dear reader, adieu ! I have said that That stile has been the cause of many a laugh of the stile is ofttimes the witness of farewell scenes, and knowledged before; but we hoped to have before

inserted it. lightness. It was there that a young friend of ours, there shall ours take place. Perchance, thou art tired

We are thankful for the honour done us by the of so long and dull a dissertation ; but despise not the descending the opposite bill one delicious moonlight night, humming one of his fresh-from- London airs, subject, I entreat thee, though thou shouldst the inscription of the Fall of the Fairies' in the "Greenhandler of it; and if thou art thus weary, sit thee

ock Intelligencer,-a poem with dainty bits in it. and endeavouring to clear it a bound, dashed into a down to rest upon it, whilst I pursue my way.

We have, unfortunately, mislaid the contribution deep pool of mud which had collected at its foot ;

forwarded to us by our friend of the Amici Club; Adieu ! it was there that another took refuge from the fancied

but shall no doubt recover it. pursuit of some ladies he imagined following, who,

The Country Churchyard' would have been in

FINE ARTS, from particular causes, he wished not to meet, to find

serted, but it waited for the conclusion promised that it was his own party he was so assiduously Arboretum Britannicum; or Portraits to a Scale of a

us by the writer. avoiding;- it was there that the stile-leaper was put Quarter of an Inch to a Foot, of all the Trees which The remarks On Scandal' are very true, but to the test ;-it was there that the most dexterous endure the Open Air in Britain of Ten Years' hardly novel enough for publication. assistance was necessary to the timid girl who ven- Growth, drawn from existing Trees within Ten Miles R. F.E. shall be attended to. tured to encounter it ;-it was the stile of stiles, yet of London, with Botanical Specimens of the Flowers We thank J. W. A.; but he is mistaken in thinkwe all loved it, for to what a prospect did it lead! It and Fruit, or Seeds of each Tree, to a Scale of Two ing that we were desirous of receiving translations was the entrance-gate to nature's own chamber, where Inches to a Fool, &c. &c.

already published. she had collected with truest taste something of Mr Loudon, whose zeal in the cause of domestic and • The Death of the Year' and · The Song of the everything that was beautiful on earth.

rural economy seems inexhaustible, has projected a Fairies' are creditable to the feeling and fancy of ! I have loved a stile ever since I first saw my vene

work for the promotion of planting, and, with an the writers; but we have so many verses sent us of a rable and beloved parent spring one, to the shame energy the most spirited, draws from all quarters, like merit, that we are often obliged to deny ourselves and astonishment of my then youthful brothers. Well far and near, the necessary materials. He has, he the pleasure of gratifying the authors by their inserdo I remember it. We had all spent the day in that says in his prospectus, communicated “ in French, tion, because we cannot do equal justice to all. With most delightful of employments, nutting, and were German, and Italian,” with “ all the botanic gardens regard to the flattering request made us in one of returning triumphant, followed by the produce of our of Europe; and in English” with “North America, the letters, circumstances will not at present allow exertions, when a stile presented itself before us: and upwards of a thousand country-seats ir Great us to insert the whole of it; but if the book in “ For shame!' exclaimed my father, perceiving my Britain and Ireland.” Energy like this deserves question be sent us, addressed to our Publisher, we elder brother preparing leisurely to mount it, “ For success, and, we should think, commands it too. will do what we can. shame ! leap it at once.” The attempt was made, but The title explains the nature of the work. One of We should be happy to notice the book mentioned in vain ; his companion assayed it also, but with as its chief objects is to prove that planting does not by George H., but have not received it. little success. “Stand back," said my father, in his necessarily benefit posterity alone, but that the Our

young

friend who writes on the Eleusinian own deep, sonorous voice, and the next moment he planter himself may look forward to the reasonable Mysteries,' cannot do better than continue his stuwas some paces on the other side.

My brothers

satisfaction of enjoying the result of his own labour. dies, but his remarks have not yet sufficient interest laughed (it was all they could) and scrambled over. This is to be done by showing the extraordinary for publication. “ Ah,” sighed my father, walking on, you should growth trees may attain, if properly planted, in the have seen me in my young days ;" and he smiled space of ten years, the facts all being drawn from

LONDON: Published by H. Hooper, 13, Pait Mall East. from delightful recollections. Since that hour I have easily accessible authorities.

From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REYNELL, Litte Pultenes-streeta

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