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ladyship's petition to his Majesty, he did take it well vessel riding there to receive the lady; but as Seymour addressing to Viscount Fenton, to implore for her his enough, but gave no other answer than that ye had had not yetl arrived, Arabella was desirous to lie at majesty's favour again, she says,
“ Good my lord, con. eaten of the forbidden tree. This was all her Majesty anchor for her lord, conscious that he would not fail to sider the fault cannot be uncommitted; neither can any commanded me to say to your ladyship in this pur- his appointment. If he indeed had been prevented in more be required of any earthly creature but confession pose; but withal did remember her kindly to your his escape, she herself cared not to preserve the free- and most humble submission.” In a paragraph she ladyship, and sent you this little token in witness of dom she now possessed ; but her attendants, aware of had written, but crossed out, it seems that a present of the continuance of her Majesty's favour to your lady- the danger of being overtaken by a king's ship, over- her work had been refused by the king, and that she ship. Now, where your ladyship desires me to deal ruled her wishes, and hoisted sail, which occasioned so had no one about her whom she might trust. openly and freely with you, I protest I can say nothing fatal a termination to this romantic adventure. Sey- · Help will come too late ; and be assured that on knowledge, for I never spoke to any of that pur- mour, indeed, had escaped from the Tower; he had left neither physician nor other, but whom I think good, pose but to the queen; but the wisdom of this state, his servant watching at the door, to warn all visitors shall come about me while I live, till I have his mawith the erample how some of your quality in the like not to disturb his master, who lay ill of a raging tooth- jesty's favour, without which I desire not to live. And case has been used, makes me fear that ye shall not find ache, while Seymour in disguise stole away alone, fol- if you remember of old, I dare die, so I be not guilty of #0 easy end to your troubles as ye expect or I wish.” lowing a cart which had just brought wood to his apart- my own death, and oppress others with my ruin too,
In return, Lady Arabella expresses her grateful ment. He passed the warders ; he reached the wharf, if there be no other way, as God forbid, to whom thanks—presents he majesty with "this piece of my and found his confidential man waiting with a boat ; and commit you; and rest as assuredly as heretofore, if you work, to accept in remembrance of the poor prisoner he arrived at Lee. The time pressed; the waves were will be the same to me, that wrought them, in hopes her royal hands will rising ; Arabella was not there ; but in the distance he
“ Your lordship’s faithful friend vouchsafe to wear them, which till I have the honor to descried a vessel. Hiring a fisherman to take him on
“A. S." kiss, I shall live in a great deal of sorrow.
That she had frequently meditated on suicide apshe adds, “could be compared to no other she ever was not the French vessel charged with his Arabella.
pears by another letter--"I could not be so unchris. heard of, resembling no other.” Arabella, like the In despair and confusion he found another ship from
tian as to be the cause of my own death. Consider Queen of Scots, beguiled the hours of imprisonment Newcastle, which for a good sum altered its course, and what the world would conceive if I should be violently by works of embroidery; for in sending a present of landed him in Flanders. In the meanwhile, the escape enforced to do it.” this kind to Sir Andrew Sinclair to be presented to the of Arabella was first known to government; and the hot
One fragment we may save as an evidence of her Queen, she thanks him for “vouchsafing to descend to alarm which spread may seem ludicrous to us. The
utter wretchedness. those petty offices to take care even of these womanish political consequences attached to the union, and the “ In all humility, the most wretched and unfortunate toys, for her whose serious mind must invent some re- flight of these two doves from their cotes, shook with
creature that ever lived, prostrates itselfe at the feet of laxation."
consternation the grey owls of the cabinet, more par- the most merciful king that ever was, desiring nothing The secret correspondence of Arabella and Seymour ticularly the Scotch party, who, in their terror, paral, but mercy and savour, not being more afflicted for anywas discovered, and was followed by a sad scene. It leled it with the gunpowder treason; and some political thing that for the losse of that which hath binne this must have been now that the king resolved to consign danger must have impended, at least in their imagina- long time the onely comfort it had in the world, and this unhappy lady to the strictest care of the Bishop of tion, for Prince Henry partook of this cabinet panic.
which, if it weare to do again, I would not avventure Durham. Lady Arabella was so subdued at this dis- Confusion and alarm prevailed at court; couriers
the losse for any other worldly comfort; mercy it is I tant separation, that she gave way to all the wildness were despatched swifter than the winds wafted the desire, and that for God's sake!" of despair ; she fell suddenly ill, and could not travel unhappy Arabella, and all was hurry in the sea-ports.
Such is the history of the Lady Arabella, who from but in a litter, and with a physician. In her way to They sent to the Tower to warn the Lieutenant to be
some circumstance not sufficiently opened to us, was Durham, she was so greatly disquieted in the first few doubly vigilant over Seymour, who, to his surprise, miles of her uneasy and troublesome journey, that they discovered that his prisoner had ceased to be so for
an important personage, designed by others, at least,
to play a high character in the political drama. Thrice could proceed no further than to Highgate. The phy- several hours. James at first was for issuing a pro
selected as a queen; but the consciousness of royalty sician returned to town to report her state, and de- clamation in a style so angry and vindictive, that it was only left in her veins while she lived in the poverty clared that she was assuredly very weak, her pulse dull required the moderation of Cecil to preserve the dignity
of dependence. Many gallant spirits aspired after her and melancholy, and very irregular; her countenance while he concealed the terror of his Majesty. By the hand, but when her heart secretly selected one beloved, very heavy, pale, and wan; and though free from admiral's detail of his impetuous movements, he seemed
it was for ever deprived of domestic happiness! She fever, he declared her in no case fit for travel. The King in pursuit of an enemy's fleet; for the courier is urged, is said not to have been beautiful, and to have been observed, “It is enough to make any sound man and the post-masters are roused by a superscription, beautiful; and her very portrait, ambiguous as her sick to be carried in a bed in that manner she is; much which warned them of the eventful despatch: “Haste,
life, is neither one nor the other. She is said to have more for her wnose impatient and unquiet spirit heapeth haste, post haste! Haste for your life! your life!"*
been a poetess, and not a single verse substantiates her upon herself fur greater in disposition of body than other- The family of the Seymours were in a state of distrac
claim to the laurel. She is said not to have been rewise she would have.” His resolution, however, was, tion; and a letter from Mr. Francis Seymour to his
markable for her intellectual accomplishments, yet I that she should proceed to Durham if he were king !" grandfather the Earl of Hertford, residing then at his have found a Latin letter of her composition in her "We answered," replied the doctor, “that we made no seat far remote from the capital, to acquaint him of the manuscripts. The materials of her life are so scanty doubt of her obedience." “Obedience is that re- escape of his brother and the lady, still bears to pos
that it cannot be written, and yet we have sufficient quired,” replied the king, “which being performed, I terity a remarkable evidence of the trepidations and
reason to believe that it would be as pathetic as it will do more for her than she expected.”* consternation of the old earl : it arrived in the middle
would be extraordinary, could we narrate its involved The king, however, with his usual indulgence, ap- of the night, accompanied by a summons to attend the
incidents, and paint forth her delirious feelings. ACpears to have consented that Lady Arabella should re- privy council. In the perusal of a letter written in a small
quainted rather with her conduct than with her cha. main for a month at Highgate, in confinement, till she hand, and filling more than two folio pages, such was
racter, for us the Lady Arabella has no palpable histohad sufficiently recovered to proceed to Durham, where his agitation, that in holding the taper he must have the bishop posted, unaccompanied by his charge, to burnt what he probably had not heard; the letter is
rical existence ; and we perceive rather her shadow
than herself! A writer of romance might render her await her reception, and to the great relief of the friends scorched, and the flame has perforated it in so criti
one of those interesting personages whose griefs have of the lady, who hoped she was still within the reach of cal a part, that the poor old earl journeyed to town in
been deepened by their royalty, and whose adventures their cares, or of the royal favour. a state of uncertainty and confusion. Nor was his
touched with the warm hues of love and distraction, A second month's delay was granted, in consequence terror so unreasonable as it seems. Treason had been
closed at the bars of her prison gate; a sad example of of that letter which we have before noticed as so im- a political calamity with the Seymours.
a female victim to the state! pressive and so elegant, that it was commended by the genitor, the Duke of Somerset the protector, had found King, and applauded by Prince Henry and his council. that “all his honors," as Frankland strangely expresses
“ Through one dim lattice, fring'd with ivy round, But the day of her departure hastened, and the Lady it, “had helped him too forward to hop headless."
Successive sons a languid radiance threw,
To paint how fierce her angry guardian frown'd, Arabella betrayed no symptom of her first despair. She Henry, Elizabeth, and James, savs the same writer, To mark how fast ber waning beauty flew !" openly declared her resignation to her fate, and showed considered that it was needful, as indeed in all soverigna her obedient willingness, by being even over-careful in ties, that those who were near the crown “should be
Seymour, who was afterwards permitted to return, little preparations to make easy a long journey. Such narrowly looked into for marriage.”
distinguished himself by his loyalty through three suctender grief had won over the hearts of her keepers, But we have left the Lady Arabella alone and mourn
cessive reigns, and retained his romantic passion for who could not but sympathise with a princess whose ful on the seas, not praying for favourable gales to
the lady of his first affections; for he called the daughlove, holy and, wedded too, was crossed only by the convey her away, but still imploring her attendants to
ter he had by his second lady, by the ever-beloved tyranny of statesmen. But Arabella had not within linger for her Seymour; still straining her eyes to the
name of ARABELLA STUART. that tranquillity with which she had lulled her point of the horizon for some speck which might give keepers. She and Seymour had concerted a flight, as a hope of the approach of the boat freighted with all bold in its plot, and as beautifully wild, as any recorded her love. Alas! never more was Arabella to cast a
JOHN BUNCLE. in romantic story. The day preceding her departure, single look on her lover and her husband ! She was
LIFE OF JOHN BUNCLE, ESQ. CONArabella found it not difficult to persuade a female at- overtaken by a pink in the king's service, in Calais tendant to consent that she would suffer her to pay a roads; and now she declared that she cared not to be
MADE IN SEVERAL PARTS OF THE WORLD, AND MANY last visit to her husband, and to wait for her return at brought back again to her imprisonment, should Sey- EXTRAORDINARY RELATIONS.” an appointed hour. More solicitous for the happiness mour escape, whose safety was dearest to her! of lovers than for the repose of kings, this attendant, in The life of the unhappy, the melancholy, and the Thomas AMORY, the son of a barrister and man of uiter simplicity, or with generous sympathy, assisted distracted Arabella Stuart is now to close in an im- property, and author of this curious production, was the Lady Arabella in dressing her in one of the most prisonment, with lasted only four years; for her con- an eccentric and singular man ni his own person. He elaborate disguisings. “She drew a pair of large French- stitutional delicacy, her rooted sorrow, and the violence resided, about the year 1757, in Orchard-street, Westfashioned hose or trowsers over her petticoats; put on of her feelings, sunk beneath the hopelessness of hci minster, at which time it was ascertained that he had a man's doublet or coat; a peruke such as men wore, situation, and a secret resolution in her mind to a wife ; but very little else of him is known, except whose lonz locks covered her own ringlets; a black hat, a refuse the aid of her physicians, and to wear away the that his appearance, as well as character, though both black cloak, russet boots with red tops, and a rapier by faster if she could, the feeble remains of life. But who those of a gentleman, were extraordinary; and that her side.” Thus accoutred, the Lady Arabella stole out shall paint the emotions of a mind which so much' after a recluse literary life, he died in 1789, at the great with a gentleman about three o'clock in the afternoon. grief, and so much love, and distraction itself, equally age of 97. In Buncle he is supposed to have drawn a She had only proceeded a mile and a half, when they possessed ?
portrait of himself; and an idealism more robust with stopped at a poor inn, where one of her confederates
What passed in that dreadful imprisonment cannot materialities does not exist. Buncle is a most strange was waiting with horses, yet she was so sick and faint, perhaps be recovered for authentic history; but enough mixture of vehement unitarianism in faith, liberality that the ostler, who held her stirrup, observed, that is known; that her mind grew impaired, that she finally in ordinary judgment, and jovial selfishness in practice. " the gentleman could hardly hold out to London.” lost her reason, and if the duration of her imprison. He is a liberal, bigoted, whimsical lawful sensualist. She recruited her spirits by riding; the blood mantled ment was short, it was only terminated by her death. Animal pleasure is his dearest object; the law his in her face; and at six o'clock our sick lover reached Some loose effusions, often began and never ended, warrant for it; grief a business that must be attended Blackwall, where a boat and servants were waiting. written and erased, incoherent and rational, yet remain to. A wife is the crowning desire of his conscience; The waternien were at first ordered to Woolwich ; there in the fragments of her papers. In a letter she proposed but as his fancy is to settle matters with conscience, a they were desired to push on to Gravesend ; then to
series of good fortunes of a very peculiar description Tilbury, where, complaining of fatigue, they landed to * "This emphatic injunction," observed a friend, “would be
(that is to say, the loss of seven wives in succession!!) refresh; but, tempted by their fright, they reached effective when the messenger could read; "but in a letter written enabies him to be a kind of innocent Henry the Lee. At the break of morn, they discovered a French by the Earl of Essex about the year 1997, to the Lord High Admi. Eighth. He argues a lady into the sacred condition or
ral at Plymouth, I have seen added to the words " haste, hast,
marriage, spends a delightful season with her, she dirs * Thage particulars I derive from the mannscript letters among a haiter,which could not be well misunderstood by tlie inost illite.
in the very nick of time, and he studies as hard as he he papers of Arabella Stuart. llar. MSS.7003. rate ci Kercuries.
can to grieve for a while, in order that he may justily
(0 ABSTRACT OF THE
TAINING VARIOUS OBSERVATIONS AND REFLECTIONS *
kimself all the sooner in taking another. This is the step-mother that ever ill-luck inspired to make the son they cultivate their intellect, garden, and live stock; regular process for the whole seven !
With amazing of another woman miserable, I was denied almost and, accordingly, reason, laugh, and feed entirely to animal spirits, iron strength, little imagination, and a everything. The fine allowance I had at the univer- Buncle's admiration. relishing gusto, he is an amusing and lively narrator, sity was taken from me.
He next discovers a pretty hermitage in an open without interesting our sympathy in the least, except "Nor was this all the hard measures I received; I was plain like a ring, and, going up to it, finds the skelein the relish with which he eats, drinks, and makes ordered by my father to become the young man's pre
ton of a man. “He lay on a couch in an inward room matrimony. The work is in many volumes, crowded ceptor; to spend my precious time in teaching this. without any covering, and the bones were as clean and with all kinds of extraneous matter; but the perusal youngster, and in labouring to make the little despicable white as if they had come from the surgeon's hands. of which will amply repay all who have not time or dunce a scholar. All this was more than I could bear. The ants to be sure, had eaten off the flesh. Who the patience for the larger work, of which our abstract is My life became insupportable, and I resolved to range man was, a paper lying on the table in a strong box, a still smaller specimen.
even the wilds of Africa, if nothing better offered, rather informed me.” It is the skeleton of John Orton, a At College, John Buncle, according to his plan of than live a miserable slave under the cruel tyranny most desperate sinner, who, at the age of forty, remaking the most of his time in every thing, devoted of those unrelenting oppressors. Indeed, it was im- penting of his wicked life, gave up all his property to his entire energies to academical studies. The first possible for me to stay at home, for my father took no the poor, except what was sufficient to provide him book that fell into his hands was Locke on the Under- notice of me, and my mother-in-law and the boy did with this retreat. Of Orton Lodge Buncle takes pos. standing, upon the principles of which he made a rigid all they could invent to render my life miserable.” session, and makes it in future his home. After a va. scrutiny of his own powers.
He proceeds to England. On the passage he is lucky riety of adventures, leaping, riding, and tumbling “ After this I began to study the first principles of enough to render assistance to a very charming young about, among the hills of Stainsmore he discovers his things
I was satisfied that whatever lady a (a fellow-passenger). On landing they cannot friend's house; but his friend is abroad. A few more the order of the world produces, is in the main, both speedily determine to separate.
adventures and again he meets Miss Melmoth, to whom just and good; and consequently that we ought in the “Miss Melmoth and I continued at the Talbot for he is married. best manner to support whatever hardships are to be three weeks; and during that time, breakfasted, dined, “Two years, almost, this fine scene lasted, and du. endured for virtue's sake: that acquiescence, and com- and supped together. Except the hours of sleep we ring that period the business and diversions of our lovely placency, without respect to accident and injuries, were scarcely from each other. We walked out toge- retreat, appeared so various and pleasing that it was ought to be our duty under a perfect administration; ther every day for hours, conversed, sometimes went to not possible to think a hundred years so spent, in the and with benignity and constancy we must ever act, cards, and often she sung while I played my flute. least degree, dull and tedious. Exclusive of books and from a settled persuasion, that all things are framed With the greatest civility, and the most exact good gardening, and the improvement of the farms, we had, and governed by a universal mind."
manners, we were as intimate as if we had been ac- during the fine season, a thousand charming amuseHe became deeply versed in cosmography; mathe- quainted for ages, and we found a satisfaction in each ments on the mountains, and in the glens and valleys matics, bistory, ethics,--and studied with earnest at- other's company, as great as lovers generally experience; of that sweet silent place. Whole days we would spend tention the writings of the old philosophers; appro- yet not so much as one syllable of the passion was in fishing, and in some cool grot by the water-side, or priating every Sunday to the study of revealed religion. mentioned; not the least hint of love on either side was under an aged tree, on the margin of some beautiful Fortified by a happy temper, a robust constitution, a given, while we stayed at Whitehaven, and I believe stream." determined reliance on the wisdom of Providence, and neither of us had a thought of it. It was a friendship Another of our amusements, during the summer's a dogma from the old writers for every mischance, the most pure and exalted, that commenced at my bright day, was the pointer and gun, for the black cock, our optimist sits himself down with a hearty relish to saving her life in the manner I have related, and by the moor cock, and the cook of the wood, which are the feast of life. “On the glorious first of August,” Mr. some strange kind of magic, our notions and inclinations, in great plenty on those vast hills. Charlotte was fond Buncle sets out with his gun and dog to “wander over tempers and sentiments, had acquired such a sameness of this sport, and would walk with me for hours, to the pleasant country.” The weather is charming, the in a few days, that we seemed as two spiritual Socias, see me knock down the game; till, late in the evening, game plentiful. In the course of his wandering, he or duplicates of each other's mind. Body was quite we would wander over the fells, and then return to our lights upon a beautiful garden in a valley. “Finding one out of the case, though this lady had an extravagance clean peaceful little house, to sup as elegantıy on our of the garden doors left open, I entered iminediately, of beauty. My sole delight was that fine perception birds as the great could do, and with a harmony and and to screen myself from the scorching beams of the which shed a lustre on her outward charms. How unmixed joy they are for ever strangers to After sun, got into an embowered alley, that led me to a long this state of things would have lasted, had we supper, over some little nectared bowl we sweetly chatlarge fountain in a ring or circular opening, and from continued more time together, and had the image of ted, till it was bedtime; or I played on my fute, and thence, by a gradual, easy, slady ascent, to a semi- the late Miss Nocl been more effaced, or worn out of Charlotte divinely sung.” At the expiration of two circular amphitheatre of evergreens that was charm- the sensorium of my head, I cannot say; but while it years death deprived him of his Charlotte. He is for ing to behold. In this were several seats for case, 'did last, there could be nothing more strange than to a while absorbed in grief, but speedily shakes off useless repast, or retirement, and at each end of it a rotunda, see two young people of different sexes, in the highest sorrow, locks up his house, and, with his boy O'Fin, or temple, of the lonic order. One of them was con- spirits and most confirmed health, live together for mounts his horse.--"The sun was rising when we verted into a grotto, or shell house, in which a polite- twenty-one days, perfectly pleased with each other, mounted our horses, and I again went out to try my ness of fancy had įroduced and blended the greatest entirely at their own disposal, and as to fortune, having fortune in the world; not like the Chevalier of La beauties of nature and decoration. The other was a abundantly enough between them both, for comfortable Mancha, in hopes of conquering a kingdom, or marrylibrary filled with the finest books, and a great variety life, and yet never utter one word, nor give a look, that ing some great princess; but to see if I could find of mathematical instrunients. Here I saw Miss Noel could be construed into a declaration of the passion, or another country girl for wife, and get a little more sitting, and so intent on writing, that she did not take a tendency towards a more intiinate union; to com- money, as they were the only two things united that any notice of me, as I stood at the window, in astonish- plete that connexion which nature and Providence re- could secure me from melancholy, and confer real ment looking at the things before me, and especially quire of beings circumstanced as we were.
happiness. at the amazing beauty of her face, and the splendour of very strange. Till the clock struck twelve every night He soon meets with another skeleton sitting in a her eyes, as she raised them now and then from the we sat up, and talked of a variety of things, from the library in the middle of the garden. It is the remains paper she wrote on, to look in a book that lay open upon Bibles down to the clouds of Aristophanes, and from of a philosopher who thus constituted himself a memena small desk before her. The whole scene was so very the comedies and tragedies of Greece and Rome to the to mori for his friends and relations. With the daughter uncommon and so amazing, that I thought myself, for Minerva of Sanctius and Hickes's Northern Thesaurus. of this skeleton, the illustrious Statia, Mr. Buncle is a while, on some spot of magic ground, and almost Instead of Venus or any of her court, our conversations united in holy wedlock. In two years time she is laid doubted the reality of what my eyes beheld; till Miss would often be on the morals of Cicero, his academies, by the side of Charlotte. “Thus did I become again Noel, by accident, looked full at me, and then came and De Finibus ; on the English or the Roman History, a mourner. I sat with my eyes shut for three days; forward to the open window, to know whom I wanted. Shakespeare's scenes of nature, or maps of life; whether but at last called for my horse, to try what air, exerBefore I could answer, I found a venerable old gentle- the Edipus or the Electra of Sophocles was the best cise, and a variety of objects could do." man standing by my side.” Buncle explains that cu- tragedy; and the scenes in which Plautus and Terence A Miss Cranmer next adorns Orton's Lodge, but in riosity and hunger led him to the house.
most excelled. Like two critics, or two grammarians, a little more than two years, “ I laid my Antonia by my "If this be the case,' says the good old man, 'you antiquaries, historians, or philosophers, would we pass Charlotte and my Statia, and then rode off”--to are welcome, sir, to Eden-park, and you shall soon have the evening with the greatest cheerfulness and delight.” Harrowgate. the best breakfast our house affords.' Upon this Mr.
He does not part from Miss Melmouth without a We must slip over the fine description of six gentleNoel brought me into his house, and the lovely Har- promise to meet her again. He sets out for Yorkshire men he meets with at Harrowgate, (a description of riet made tea for me, and had such plenty of fine cream, to seek the friendship and assistance of Charles Turner. the most lively gusto) of O’Regan, Lawyer Cock, and and extraordinary bread and butter set before me, that "Having thus lost my charming companion, I travelled the beauties he secures from his clutches. Want of I breakfasted with uncommon pleasure. The honour into a vast valley, enclosed by mountains whose tops room curtails our wishes. and happiness of her company rendered the repast quite were above the clouds, and soon came into a country Maria Spence, admirable in the Arithmetic of Auxtions, delightful. There was a civility so very great in her that is wilder than the Campagna of Rome, or the un- is the fourth Mrs. Buncle. She dies in six months of a manner, and a social goodness so charming in her talk cultivated vales of the Alps or Appennines. Warm complication of physicians. “Having lost my Maria I and temper, that it was unspeakable delight to sit at with a classical enthusiasm, I journeyed on, and with went up to London.” On his way, at a villageinn, he was lable with her." ,
fancy's eye beheld the rural divinities, in those sacred shown into a room where two gentlemen were sitting Miss Noel he finds so wonderful an assemblage of woods and groves which shade the sides of many of each with a porringer of mutton broth before him. beauty, accomplishments, and learning, that he is rap- the vast surrounding fells, and the shores and promon- “One of them seemed a little consumptive creature turously amazed; and in the arts and sweets of erudi- tories of many lovely lakes and bright running streams. about four feet six inches high, uncommonly thin, or tion and theological controversy they pass their time For several hours I travelled over mountains tremen- rather exsiccated to a cuticle. His broth and bread, till the period fixed for their marriage.
dous to behold, and through vales the finest in the however, he supped up with some relish. He seemed “ This world is a series of visionary scenes, and con- world. Not a man nor a house could I see in eight to be above three score. The other was a young man, tains so little solid, lasting felicity, as I have found it, hours time; but towards five in the afternoon, there once very handsome, tall, and strong; but so consumed that I cannot call life more than a deception; and as appeared at the foot of a hill a delightfully-situated and weak that he could hardly speak or stir. He atSwift says, he is the happiest man, who is best deceived. cottage that was half covered with trees, and stood by tempted to get down his broth, but not above a spoon. When I thought myself within a fortnight of being the side of a large falling stream; a vale extended ful or two could he swallow. He appeared to be a married to Miss Noel, and of being thereby made as from the south to the door, that was terminated with dying man. While I beheld these things with astonishcompletely happy in every respect as it was possible for rocks and precipices on precipices, in an amazing point ment, the servant brought in dinner, a pound of rump a mortal man to be, the small pox stepped in, and in of view, and through the flowery ground the water was steaks, and a quart of green peas, two cuts of bread, a seven days time reduced the finest human frarne in the beautifully seen as it wound to a deeper flood at the tankard of strong beer, and a pint of port wine. With universe to the most hideous and offensive block. The bottom of the vale. Half-a-dozen cows were grazing a fine appetite, I soon dispatched my mess; and over most amiable of human creatures mortified all over, in view; and a few flocks of feeding sheep added to the my wine, to help digestion, began to sing the following and became a spectacle the most hideous and unbear- beauties of the scene."
lines." able. This broke her father's heart in a month's time, In Farmer Price, the owner of the place, he discoand the paradise I had in view sunk into everlasting vers a schoolfellow; a fellow of most admirable spirit, Miss Turner is his fifth, and consequently soon in night."
charming wife, and plentiful table. Leaving Price, he the church-yard. Having suffered this disappointment, Mr. Buncle wanders for a time among the Stainmore Hills. In He is introduced to a seventh lady, hy Curll, the returns to Dublin to see his father. He finds him njar- his wanderings he comes upon a delightful grotto, bookseller, but, like his first-love, she is buried before ried to his maid-servant, and his indulgence for her, which, with some neighbouring cottages, forms the the marriage takes place. and a nephew she had brought into the house, is un. habitation of a little female co-operating society, the A Miss Fitzgibbon supplies her place for a while, but bounded. “Money, clothes, servants, horses, dogs, and two principal ladies of which are most " excellent in soon takes her turn in the church-yard. Miss Dunk, all things he could fancy, were given him in abundance; reason, philosophy, and mathematics," and out-talk however, is not ultimately disappointed. The resurrecand to please the basest of women, and the most cruel and out-reason Mr. Buncle in algebra and theology; tion men and Dr. Stanville restore her to life. The
Doctor makes a wife of his anatomical subject, and and sent to the third class in the factory—the place of that have been returned to Government by their masconveniently dies that Buncle may fulfil his original punishment for female-convicts—the marriage being ters are kept for re-assignment in the district ; and I intentions towards her. The lovely Agnes is the last null and void.
am happy to add that the measure is likely to be at. of Mr. Buncle's matrimonial speculations. He wanders Many of the female convicts conduct themselves in tended with great benefit. Indeed, the system of maabout the world for nine years, and at last, having an unexceptionable manner, and rear large families of nagement pursued for a long time previous, in regard done with hopes and fears for ever, he quietly settles interesting and promising children, when reputably to that portion of the prison-population of the colony, himself at Orton Lodge, to moralize and prepare for married in the colony; for it is not an unusual case was obvionsly and outrageously preposterous. For indeath.
for a woman, who has been exceedingly depraved and stead of adopting every possible means to effect the dis. absolutely unmanageable in a single state, to conduct persion of the female convicts, that they might at least
herself with propriety when advantageously married. have some chance of getting reputably settled, and even PEMALE CONVICTS.
Others, however, are indifferent enough in either con- winking at pettier peccadilloes for the accomplishment FROM DR. LANG's “HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL. dition, and when assigned as servants to respectable of so important an object, they were generally immured,
ACCOUNT OF New South WALES," (just published) families are got rid of and returned to Government with to the number of five or six hundred, within stone-walls the fullest and best account we have yet seen, the all convenient speed. But the fault is by no means and iron-gates. The impolicy of such a system will apwork of a zealous and conscientious man.
uniformly on the side of the convict. A remark—which pear from the following consideration, In addition to
I recollect having heard the eccentric, but truly apos- various others that will naturally suggest themselves to When a female convict-ship arrives in the harbour, the tolic, Rowland Hill, make at a public meeting of the the reader, viz., that there are frequent instances in the circumstance is duly announced in the Government friends of a Female Penitentiary Society in London colony, as I have already had occasion to observe, of Gazette, and families requiring female servants are in- many years ago—is unfortunately too well suited to females who had been perfectly unmanageable when vited to make application according to a prescribed the meridian of New South Wales : “ Mistresses are imprisoned in the Factory, subsequently becoming reform. The applications are generally more numerous always complaining," said the venerable old man, “or 'markably quiet and well-behaved wives and mothers of than the government can meet, and the females are as- their having bad servants; but I will tell you what children. signed only to reputable families, according to the ladies, there are a great many bad mistresses too." There are comparatively few instances of female conbest judgment of the board appointed for the pur- There are instances of persons of the industrious victs committing capital offences in New South Wales. pose. Many of them make good servants, and in due classes of society, who have arrived free in the colony, An instance of the kind, however, happened to fall time get well married-chiefly to emancipated convicts, marrying female convicts, and having no reason subse- under my own observation several years ago, in the living either as agriculturalists in the country or in one quently to regret the step they have taken. 'The expe- following rather singular way. I was proceeding alone or other of the various capacities in which the lower riment, however, is a dangerous one, and is sometimes in a gig one Monday morning to solemnize a marriage classes are employed in towns; the colonial govern- attended with a different result. About seven years at a considerable distance in the interior, when a young ment being always willing to grant permission for the ago, a reputable Scotch mechanic, who was able shortly man, decently attired in the garb of a sailor or ship marriage of a female convict, provided she is either a after his arrival in the colony to take jobs on his own carpenter, who was walking towards Sydney, requested spinster or a widow, and provided the intended hus- account, was infatuated enough to marry a female con- to know whether I was some other person whom he band is a freeman and able to maintain a family. vict of prepossessing appearance, but unfortunately of named. There was a feeling of distress evidently pour
It sometimes unfortunately happens, however, that little else to recommend her. Previous to his marriage, trayed in the young man's countenance, that inducedme the female-convict, who has an opportunity of forming he had been regular in his attendance on the ordinances to ask him some question that immediately elicited his an eligible connexion in this way, and thereby acquir- of religion ; but his wife had various other more eligible affecting story. He had arrived in the colony a few ing her immediate liberty, has a husband alive in modes of spending the Sabbath than going to church, months before, as the carpenter of a convict ship, and England, or has been imprudent enough to declare and he had accordingly to accompany her on Sunday- finding that he could obtain eligible employment in herself married on her arrival in the colony, under the excursions of pleasure to the country. Unfortunately, Sydney, had obtained his discharge from the vessel, and idea that she will be more respected, forsooth, (for however, his wife very soon got into trouble, as it is remained on shore. On the Saturday evening previous, that is the usual account of the matter,) as a mar- technically termed in the colony; i.e. into the com- he was sitting in his lodging after having finished his ried woman. In such cases, it becomes a matter of mission of some crime or misdemeanour, which issues week's labour, when some person, entering the house, importance to prove either the death or the non-entity in the individual's flagellation, or imprisonment, or incidentally mentioned that he had just been at the of the English husband, and the expedients that are transportation, or death by law-for the phrase is suffi- Supreme Court, and had heard sentence of death proresorted to with this view are often highly ingenious. ciently extensive in its signification. She had been nounced on a man and woman for robbing their master, About seven years ago, I solemnized a marriage be- concerned in a riot, which two free persons lodging in a respectable settler residing about forty miles from tween a reputable young man, a native of the colony, and her husband's cottage had raised during his absence, Sydney. The name of the woman, which the stranger a female-convict who had been transported from Pais- and was immediately carried by the constables before also mentioned at the time, coinciding with that of a ley, in the west of Scotland, for some mal-practices the police magistrate of Sydney, who decides in a sum- sister of his own, who had suddenly disappeared from in a manufacturing establishment in which she had mary manner in all cases in which convicts, whether her father's house in London about two or three years been employed. The young man was a carpenter, and married or not, are concerned. The offender was in before, and never afterwards been heard of by her relea it seemed his Scotch wife turned out so much to his this instance sentenced to three months confinement, tives, it immediately struck him that the woman might satisfaction, that his brother was indnced to think se- in the third or lowest class in the factory at Paramatta. possibly be his lost sister. He accordingly went forth. riously of espousing another Scotch female-convict One of the rules of that institution is, that no female with to the jail, and having obtained admittance, found who had arrived by the same vessel from the same part shall be admitted into the third class without having to his inexpressible grief, that the woman under senof Scotland. The brother's intended was the assigned previously undergone the operation of shaving the head; tence of death was actually his own sister. His parents, servant of a respectable Scotch family residing near and the poor husband was in this instance so much he told me, were poor, but honest people, who had Sydney, and was naturally enough desirous of being on distressed at the very appearance which he thought his reared a large family of eight or nine children, and she her own hands, as the wife of a free mechanic who wife would exhibit, when divested of her hair, that he was the only one of the number who had gone astray. could earn from thirty shillings to two pounds sterling actually called at my house to request that I would for- On consulting some person as to what was proper for A-week; but she had a husband in Paisley, and how ward a petition which he had prepared to the authori. him to do in such circumstances, he was told to get a to get him disposed of was the difficulty, for she had ties, that the operation might for once be dispensed memorial to the governor, drawn up on his sister's beduly informed the government of her being a married with in his wife's favour. During the conversation half, and to have it recommended, if possible, by her woman on her arrival in the colony. The difficulty, that took place on the occasion, I took an opportunity master. He, therefore, went forth with to a person in however, was not too great to be surmounted-at least to remind the Scotchman of his recent neglect of the Sydney who wrote memorials for hire, and got a docuthe parties thought so—and a letter was accordingly ordinances of religion, and I saw him in church for a ment of the kind drawn up. The writer was an emanwritten, purporting to have come from some relative few Sabbaths thereafter. His wife, however, returned cipated convict, and the memorial was written in the of the female's in Paisley, and communicating the dis- to him again at the expiration of her sentence, and I usual style of such writers-taking for granted, as a tressing intelligence of the Scotch husband's death. saw him no more.
matter of course, and strongly protesting the innocence The letter was brought me for my perusal by the two When female convicts are returned to Government of the criminal, and insinuating that her present situabrothers, with a view to my soliciting permission from by the families to which they have been assigned, or are tion is the result of misfortune rather than of miscongovernment (which must uniformly be obtained in the sentenced to punishment by the magistrates for petty duct. It was eleven o'clock at night before the precious first instance by some clergyman of the territory, in misdemeanours, they are forwarded in a covered wag- document, which cost, if I recollect aright, two dollars, the case of either party being a convict, for the publica- gon to a sort of Bridewell at Paramatta, called the was finished; but, as soon as it was completed, the tion of banns) I observed to the young men, before Female Factory, in which there are generally from two young man, who had never been a mile out of Sydney reading the letter, that it had no post-mark; but they to five hundred female convicts, under the charge of a before, instantly set off alone and on foot through the readily explained that circumstance, by informing me respectable matron and the superintendence of a com- gloomy forest to the residence of his sister's late master, that it had been brought out by the Scotch carpenter mittee of management. They are divided into three to request him to recommend the memorial. He had of a convict-ship lately arrived, who knew the parties ; classes. The First Class consists of those who from reached his destination, and had got about half way to and, indeed, the exterior of it bore the appearance of particular circumstances have not been assigned as Sydney on his return, when I met him on the following its having been for months in a carpenter's tool.chest, maid-servants to private families on their arrival in the Monday morning. On reading the memorial, I was or in some situation in which it would have been colony, or of those who have been returned to Govern- apprehensive it would rather do harm than good, and equally soiled. The letter was dated sufficiently far. ment by their masters without having any crime charged therefore desired the young man to accompany me to a back for the accomplishment of a voyage to New South against them, or of those whose good conduct has house a little way on, where we could obtain materials Wales in the interval, and was written with great inge- merited their elevation from the inferior classes. All for writing, and where I should write something, which nuity. It communicated a variety of particulars rela- the females of this class are assigned as maid-servants, I had reason to hope would be of more service to him. tive to persons and events in the town of Paisley, on being applied for by reputable persons, in the same The young man giadly accepted of my offer; and I which in any ordinary case would have given it the in- way as on the arrival of a female convict-ship, the state accordingly wrote a short account of the manner in disputable character of a genuine letter. There were of the Factory being announced weekly for the inform- which he had discovered, and the anxiety he had manieven a few incidental notices respecting one of the mi- ation of the public in the Government Gazette. The fested on her behalt, soliciting that if the ends of justico nisters of Paisley, which were exceedingly well con- Third Class consists of incorrigible females, or of those could possibly be attained by a milder punishment, the ceived for the purpose of practising on clerical gullibi- who have been sentenced to a certain period of penal eelings of the community might not be outraged by lity. Unfortunately, however, in lamenting, towards confinement in the Factory on account of some misde- the execution of a female, who had probably been herthe close of the letter, that the female-convict to whom meanour; and the Second Class consists of those who self the unhappy victim of some unprincipled seducer. it was addressed was destined to spend the remainder have served out their period of sentence in the Third, The young man was extremely grateful for the little of her days in so distant a part of the earth, the letter- and who are undergoing probation ere they are again service done him, and I was happy to learn afterwards writer had written the word earth in the cockney style advanced to the First. The inmates of the Factory are that his unfortunate sister's sentence of death was -hearth. It immediately struck me that this peculi- employed variously, according to their characters and commuted into a milder punishment. arly English species of bad-spelling could not have oc- stations in the establishment, but chiefly in the procurred so far north as the town of Paisley, where the cesses connected with the manufacture of coarse woollen vowel-sound commencing a word is never aspirated ; cloth, called Paramatta cloth, of which blankets and
TABLE TALK. and I, therefore, returned the letter to the young men, slop-clothing are made for the convict-servants of set
Egyptian Doctors. In Egypt each physician studied telling them that I was persuaded that it had been tlers throughout the territory.
one, and only one part of the body, a circumstance written in the colony, and that no such marriage as
With a view to disperse the female convicts more which multiplied them to a vast extent, as Herodotus they contemplated would be allowed by the govern- widely over the territory, and to enable respectable particuleriy remarks in his Euterpe. Romance of Anment. A few weeks thereafter, the woman absconded families in the interior to procure female servants with cient History. It must have been curious to have been from her master's service, and was married to the cur- greater facility, the present Governor has established obliged to send for thre different doctors, in case you rency-lad, by an episcopal clergyman in the interior, as subordinate factories at Bathurst and Hunter's River, had pains in the arms, head, and chest. The "mem. a free-woman. As her flight, however, was immediately to which a proportion of the female convicts from each bers of the profession" might have called their trade reported to the authorities, she was traced, apprehended, ship are forwarded on their arrival, and in which those the “profession of the membcís."
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LETTERS TO SUCH OF THE LOVERS OF
Bru. Bear with me, good boy, I am much forgetful. local and comfortable. There is the Genius of the city,
and the Genius of one's father. The Sabint women
were “a genial prey." Crowns of flowers are genial; LETTER V.
It does, my boy.
-a certain kind of musical instrument is particularly I trouble thee too much, but thou art willing. ON THE GENII OF ANTIQUITY AND THE POETS.
genial, and agrees dulcibus jocis ;* that is to say with Luc. It is my duty, sir.
double meanings :-Bacchus is the planter of the genial (Conclusion of last week's Subject.)
Bru. I should not urge thy duty past thy might;
vine (Genial indeed was a name of Bacchus); a popuThe bad Dæmon was thought to be of formidable shape,
Luc. I have slept, my lord, already.
lar holiday, pleasantly described in the Fasti, where black, frowning, and brutal. A man, according to Bru. It is well done; and thou shalt sleep again; every one is eating and drinking by the side of his Pausanias, fought with one, and drove him into the I will not hold thee long: if I do live,
lass, is a genial feast.t
[Music and a song.
Hence the acceptation of the word among ourselves; and it is little to tell, we shall proceed to give the Lay'st thou thy leaden mace upon my boy,
though we are fain to give it more grace and sentinoblest passage ever written about Dæmons, in the That plays thee music?-Gentle knave, good night; ment. The “Genial bed" of Milton is not exactly scene out of Shakspeare. The spirit that appeared to I will not do thee so much wrong to wake thee.
Ovidian; though by the way, the good-natured liberIf thou dost nod, thou break'st thy instrument; Brutus has been variously represented. Some made it I'll take it from thee; and good boy, good night.
tine was the favourite Latin poet of our great puritan. of the common order of malignant appearances; others
Let me see, let me see; is not the leaf turn'd down, We hear little of the bad Genius among the Rohave described it as resembling Cæsar. This was the Where I left reading? Here it is, I think.
They seem to have agreed to treat him as bad light in which it was beheld by our great poet.
[He sits down.
geniuess ought to be; and drop his acquaintance. But With what exquisite art, that is to say, with what
Enter the Ghost of CÆSAR.
he was black, like his brother in Greece. Voltaire has exquisite nature has he not introduced this scene, and How ill this taper burns! Ha! who comes here? I think it is the weakness of mine eyes,
a pleasant story of the Black and White Genius. Vamade us love and admire the illustrious patriot, who That shapes this monstrous apparition.
lerius Maximus, a servile writer, who had the luck to naving done what he could upon earth, and prepared It comes upon me:-art thou any thing?
survive his betters and become a classic, tells a story, for his last effort, is about to encounter the menaces of Art thou some god, some angel, or some devil,
(probably to please the men in power whom he fate. How admirably, by the help of the little boy and That mak'st my blood cold, and my hair to stare ?
deified) which appears to have been confounded with the lute, has he painted him, who was only a dictator Speak to me, what thou art.
Ghost. Thy evil spirit Brutus.
that of Brutus. "We are told by Valerius Maximus," and a warrior because he was a great humanist,—the
Why com'st thou?. says Mr. Tooke, “that when Cassius fled to Athens, Platonic philosopher in action,—the ideal yet not Ghost. To tell thee, thou shalt see me at Philippi. after Antony was beaten at Actium, there appeared to passionless man,—such a one as Shakspeare loved, not
him a man of long stature, of a black swarthy combecause he loved only select human nature, hut because
Ay, at Philippi. [Ghost vanishes plexion, with large hair, and a nasty beard. Cassius he loved all that human nature contained.
Bru. Why, I will see thee at Philippi then.“ asked him why he was; and the apparition answered, We must confess, that in our opinion the address to Now I have taken heart, thou vanishest:
“I am your Evil Genius.” I the Ghost is not so good as in simple old Plutarch. Ill spirit, I would hold more talk with thee.
Spenser has placed an Evil Genius at the gate of his There is too much astonishment and agitation in it;
Boy! Lucius! Varro! Claudius! sirs awake !
false Bower of Bliss, and Old Genius, or the fatherly if not for nature, at least for the superinduced and phi- Luc. The strings, my lord, are false.
principle of life and care, at the door of the great nurlosophic nature, that we are led to suppose was in Bru. He thinks, he is still at his instrument.
sery-gardens of the universe. Brutus: and the same objection might be made to what
Luc. My lord ? follows. The household are called up in too much
Old Genius the porter of them was ; Bru. Didst thou dream that thou so cry'dst out? alarm. It is Brutus's care for his servants, his bidding
Old Genius, the which a double nature has. Luc. My Lord, I do not know that I did cry. them take their rest, and what he says to the little lute- Bru. Yes, that thou didst : didst thou see anything? He letteth in, he letteth out to wend, player, overcome with sleep, that render the scene so
Luc. Nothing, my lord.
All that to come into this world desire;
A thousand thousand naked babes attend
About him day and night, which do require Cassius, where he tells him that “Portia is dead,” has
Var. My lord.
That he with fleshly weeds would them attire. just preceded it.
Clau. My lord. Brutus. Lucius, my gown. [Erit Lucius.] Farewell,
Bru. Why did you so cry out, sirs, in your sleep? What follows and precedes this passage is a true piece
Var. & Clau. Did we, my lord ?
of Platonical colourir.g, founded upon the old Greek Good night, Titinius:--noble, noble Cassius,
Var. No, my lord, I saw nothing.
allegories. These nursery grounds, sprouting with inGood night, and good repose.
Nor I, my lord. fants and with the germs of all things, would make a Cassius. O, my dear brother!
Bru. Go, and commend me to my brother Cassius; This was an ill beginning of the night :
very happy place if it were not for Time, who with his Bid him set on his powers betimes before ; Never come such division 'tween our souls ! And we will follow.
flaggy wings,” goes playing the devil among the beds, Let it not, Brutus.
Var & Clau. It shall be done, my lord. [Exeunt. to the great regret of Venus. It is an old story, and Brutus.
Every thing is well. Cassius. Good night, my lord.
a true; and the worst of it is, that Venus herself The Roman genius appears to have been a very maBrutus. Good night, good brother.
(though the poet does not here say so) joins with her Tit. & Mes. Good night, Lord Brutus. terial sort of personage compared with the Greek Dæ
enemies to assist him. Brutus.
Farewell, every one.
mon, and altogether addicted to earth. We know not [Exeunt Cas. Tit. and Mes where it is found that he was first called Gerulus, or a
Were it not that Time their troubler is,
carrier on of affairs ; perhaps in Varro; but whether as All that in this delightful gardin growes
Should happy been, and have immortal bliss : Give me the gown. Where is thy instrument?)
For here all plenty and all pleasure flowes; Luc. Here in the tent. the Romans made him after their own likeness, and gave
And swete Love gentle fitts among them throwes, Bru.
What, thou speak’st drowsily? him as little to do with the stars as possible. The Without fell rancour or fond gealosy : Poor knave, I blame thee not; thou art o'er-watched.
Romans had not the fancy of the Greeks, and cared Franckly cach paramour his leman knowes ; Call Claudius, and some other of my men ;
Each bird his mate; ne any does envy I'll have them sleep on cushions in my tent. little for their ethereal pleasures. Accordingly, their
Their goodly meriment and gay felicity.,
attendant spirit was either fighting and conquering (on
There is continual spring, and harvest there
Continuall, both meeting at one tyme : Var. Calls my lord ? may see in the imperial sculptures), or he was dining
For both the boughes doe laughing blossoms beare, Bru. I pray you, sirs, lie in my tent and sleep; and enjoying himself; sitting under his plane-tree, And with fresh colours decke the wanton pryme, It may be, I shall raise you by and by
and drinking with his mistress. To gratify their appe- And eke attonce the heavy trees they clyme, On business to my brother Cassius. Var. So please you, we will stand, and watch your
tites, was called “indulging the Genius ;” not to gratify pleasure.
• Artis Amatore. lib. iii. v. 327. them, was * defrauding him. They seem to have
+ Fastorum. lib. iii. v. 523. It is the description of a Bru. I will not have it so: lie down, good sirs ; forgotten that he had anything to do with restraint.
dern Florentine holiday in the Casicne. It may be, I shall otherwise think me.
The Ovid, the most poetical of their poets, in all his uses Tooke's Pantheon. Part 4. chap. iii. sect. 4. Look, Lucius, here's the book I sought for so;
speaks Greek; which was better bred of him, than havý of the words Genius or Genial, never hints at the pos
a beard. I put it in the pocket of my gown. (Servants lie down.
Interrogatus quidquam esset, respondit Luc. I was sure, your lordship did not give it me.
sibility of their having any meaning beyond something Κακοδαιμονα. . SPARROW AND CO. CRAXE COURT.