« السابقةمتابعة »
BY WILLIAM HAZLITT.
NO. XX.--KING LEAR.
ever, very few are remembered, and the following are there is music for them too. When the observer is
We see at once the precipice on which the introduced because his previous biographers have looking from a bridge, he will hear the ripple of the poor old king stands from his own extravagant and thought them worthy of notice, rather than from water as it passes through the archesa delightful credulous importunity, the indiscreet simplieity of any particular claims to which they possess to sound!
her love (which, to be sure, has a little of her father's attention.
On a dark night, when the black waters can just obstinacy in it), and the hollowness of her sisters' It is said that he was so careless about money, be perceived rolling onwards, but no vessel carried pretensions. Almost the first burst of that noble that once, when paying a brewer, he gave him two
along its broad stream, quite deserted by human tide of passion, which runs through the play, is in bank notes rolled together instead of one, and, when beings (at least none, or few, are engaged in active the remonstrance of Kent to his royal master on the told of his mistake, he appeared perfectly indifferent, duty, though there are many sleeping on its tranquil injustice of his sentence against his youngest daughsaying, “ he had enough to go on without it.” On waters), reflections must force themselves on the ter—“ Be Kent unmannerly, when Lear is mad !” one occasion he was robbed of his watch, between mind, of the difference of its appearance at midnight This manly plainness which draws down on him the London and Richmond, and when Mr Robertson and noon-day. This mighty river, now so still, so de- displeasure of the unadvised king is worthy of the expressed regret for his loss, he replied, “ Pshaw, I serted, will, ere twelve hours pass away, be teeming fidelity with which he adheres to his fallen fortunes. am glad they took it from me, it was never good with activity -- vessels on its surface carrying to and The true character of the two eldest daughters, for anything." Having invited some friends to din- fro various productions-steam-vessels carrying their Regan and Gonerill (they are so thoroughly hateful ner, one of them informed him that there was a hundreds 10 take a “mouthful of fresh air "-boats that we do not even like to repeat their names) breaks general stipulation there should be no hard drinking; conveying persons " on business," and on pleasure- out in their answer to Cordelia, who desires them to
Thomson acquiesced, only requiring that each man and, indeed, crafts of all shapes and dimensions; treat their father well- Prescribe not us our should drink his bottle. The terms were accepted even at the present moment, every luxury, scarcity, duties "—their hatred of advice being in proportion unconditionally, and, when the cloth was removed, and necessity, from the nearest and farthest points of to their determination to do wrong, and to their a three-quart bottle was set before cach of his the earth, are reposing on its bosom, which, on the hypocritical pretensions to do right. Their deliguests.
rising of the morrow's sun, will be disgorged from berate hypocrisy adds the last finishing to the odiousIn person, Thomson was rather stout and above the vessels which contain them, and will quickly be ness of their characters. is the absence of this the middle size; his countenance was not remarkable sucked up and distributed by the thousand channels detestable quality that is the only relief in the chafor expression, though, in his youth, he was consic of trade and commerce with which London abounds. racter of Edmund the Bastard, and that at times dered handsome, but in conversation his face became
On a moonlight night we receive ocular demon
reconciles us to him. We are not tempted to exaganimated and his eye fiery and intellectual. Silent stration of the immense trade in, and consumption gerate the guilt of his conduct, when he himself in mixed company, his wit and vivacity seemed re
of, one article in the metropolis-coal; long strings gives it up as a bad business, and writes himself served for bis friends, and in their society he was
of vessels carrying this useful substance proceeding down “ plain villain.” Nothing more can be said communicative, playful, and entertaining. Few with the tice, and enlivening the scene.
about it. His religious' honesty in this respect is men possessed in a greater degree, the art of creating
admirable. One speech of his is worth a million.
Altogether. I think we may set down the Thames firm and affectionate friendships. Those with whom
His father, Gloster, whom he has just deluded with he became acquainted at the commencement of hi, and bustle of the day is banished, and the mighty his life, accounts for his unnatural behaviour and the at midnight as a rery pleasing sight; all the noise
a forged story of his brother Edgar's designs against career, loved him till its close, and the individuals who had given to bis life its sweetest enjoyments, Thames is as quiet as a purling brook.
strange depravity of the times from the late eclipses
H. F. watched over his death-bed and became the guar
in the sun and moon. Edmund, who is in the dians of his fame, by superintending the only monu
secret, says when he is gone—“ This is the excellent ments of which genius ought to be ambitious, a
CHARACTERS OF SHAKSPZARE'S foppery of the world, that when we are sick in forcomplete edition of his works, and a tablet in West
tune (often the surfeits of our own behaviour) we minster Abbey
make guilty of ar disasters the sun, the moon, and stars: as if we were villains on necessity ; fools by
heavenly compulsion ; knaves, thieves, and treachTHE THAMES AT MIDNIGHT, We wish that we could pass this play over, and say
erous by spherical predominance; drunkards, liars, How beautiful and placid does “ Father Thames" nothing about it. All that we can say must fall far
and adulterers by an enforced obedience of planetary appear at night. He has three different appearances
short of the subject; or even of what we ourselves influence ; and all that we are evil in, by a divine on different kinds of nights : on a very dark one all conceive of it. To attempt to give a description of
thrusting on: An admirable evasion of whorewe can see is, that it is a river, by the reflection of the play itself or of iis effct upon the mind, is mere
master man, to lay his goatish disposition on the the lights on the bridges, and at intervals on its banks;
impertinence : yet we must say something. It is charge of a star! My father compounded with my on a comparatively light night we can see rows of then the best of all Shakspeare's plays, for it is the
mother under the Dragon's tail, and my nativity was barges lying nearly mid-stream, and now and then
one in which he was the most in earnest.
under Ursa Vajor : so that it follows, I am rough perceive one stealing up or down the river, according here fairly caught in the web of his own imagination. and lecherous. I should have been what I am, had as the tide is; the reflection of the lights is very The passion which he has taken as his subject is
the maidenliest star in the firmament twinkled on my plain on such a night, shooting perpendicularly into that which strikes its root deepest into the human
bastardising."— The whole character, its careless, the water; those on shore “show a light" on a small heart; of which the bond is the hardest to be un
light-hearted villany, contrasted with the sullen, circle round them," and throw into deeper shade loosed ; and the cancelling and tearing to pieces of
rancorous malignity of Regan and Gonerill, its and sombreness the dark masses of buildings, timwhich gives the greatest revulsion to the frame. This
connexion with the conduct of the under-plot, in ber, and vessels, which skirt the shore at a greater depth of nature, this force of passion, this tug i.nd
which Gloster's persecution of one of his sons and distance; but when seenwar of the elements of our being, this firm faith in
the ingratitude of another, form a counterpart to the filial piety, and the giddy anarchy and whirling tu- mistakes and misfortunes of Lear,—his double amour ** By thy steet silver light, bonny moon," mult of the thoughts at finding this prop failing it, with the two sisters, and the share which he bas in it has the most pleasing appearance; the surface of the contrast between the tixed, immovable basis of bringing about the fatal catastrophie, are all managed the muddy mass of water, wlien silvered by the
natural affection, and the rapid, irregular starts of with an uncommon degree of skill and power. beams of this luminary, looks indeed, far different imagination, suddenly wrenched from all its accus
It has been said, and we think justly, that the than it does wlien you peer into it, whilst floating on
tomed holds and resting places in the soul, this is third act of Othello' and the three first acts of its surface at noonday; at which time you are very what Shakspeare has given, and wliat nobody else
• Lear, are Shakspeare's great master-pieces in the apt to meet with the decaying carcase of a dog, cat,
but he could give. So we believe. The mind of logic of passion : that they contain the highest exor other animal, or some corrupting regetable mat
Lear, staggering between the weight of attachment amples not only of the force of individual passion, ter. "On such a night as this " a great number of
and the hurried movements of passion, is like a tall but of its dramatic vicissitudes and striking effects Barges proceed with the tide, and it is very pleasant ship driven about by the winds, buffetted by the arising from the different circumstances and characto observe thein stealing along like shadows on the furious waves, but that still rides above the storm,
ters of the persons speaking. We see the ebb silvered water, and to hear the splash of the oars as
having its anchor fixed in the bottom of the sea ; or it and flow of the feeling, its pauses and feverish they descend, and form sparkling circles, in the bril. is like the sharp rock circled by the eddying whirl
starts, its impatience of opposition, its accumufiant water: the antiquated, rocicn-looking buildings pool that foams and beats against it, or like the solid lating force when it has time to recollect itself, which line the shore, and the various vessels which lie promontory pushed from its basis by the force of an
the manner in which it avails itself of every in the river or on its banks, surrounded by timber rafts, earthquake.
passing word or gesture, its haste to repel insinare subjects worthy of observation on such a night. The character of Lear itself is very finely con- uation, the alternate contraction and dilatation of Here the moon thrors its beams on a goodly new
ceived for the purpose.
the soul, and all “the dazzling fence of controBuilt mansion; there, on a shed or onthouse which which such a story could be built with the greatest versy" in this mortal combat with poisoned weapons, seems as is ready to fall; here the timber is truth and effect. It is his rash haste, his violent aimed at the heart, where each wound is fatal. We covered with a silver coat, there hid by the impetuosity, his blindness to everything but the dio have seen in • Othello,' how the unsuspecting frankshadow of a building; here á dark long shadow is tates of his passions or affections, that produces all ness and impetuous passions of the Moor are played thrown upon the water by a row of barges; there his misfortunes, that aggravates his impatience of upon and exasperated by the artful dexterity of lago. a solitary one, with a mast and sails “furled,” is them, that enforces our pity for him. The part in the present play, that which aggravates the sense teflected in a very perfect manner on the watery which Cordelia bears in the scene is extremely beau- of sympathy in the reader, and of uncontrollable antairror. Numberless are the pleasing objects; and tiful: the story is alınust told in the first words she guish in the swoln beart of Lear, is the petrifying
FANCY PORTRAIT OF
indifferenee, the cold, calculating, obdurate selfish- throat ; stiff black stock; and boots pieced, but “ I am rejoiced, returned Louis, "that you hav
“ You do not seem,” said the Queen, evidently fibres of the heart just as they are growing rigid an impudent “hem!" whenever a petticoat ap- wishing to change the subject just started, “ to have, from over-strained excitement. The imagination is proached him. When heated with argument, he had
been much pleased with our dramatic representaglad to take refuge in the half-comic, half-serious a trick of giving sharp, irritable tugs at his shirt
but we have not been furtunate ; our actors comments of the Fool, just as the mind under the collar.
are generally more amusing.” extreme anguish of a surgical operation vents itself Third in station was the Attorney, who exacted
“ I suppose so," replied Christina ; " As you keep in sallies of wit. The character was also a grotesque respect by virtue of his profession, and who was
them still. But I see I have interrupted your ornament of the barbarous times, in which alone the withal so cautious of, what he called, committing
I should like to tragic ground-work of the story could be laid. In himself before Court, that in alluding to any particu- game ; go on, and do not mind me.
have another victory to congratulate you upon." another point of view it is indispensable, inasmuch lar individual, he never mentioned more than his or as while it is a diversion to the too great intensity of
Crossing the room, she seated herself on one her initials. This fellow, like his prototype Rondi
chair, while drawing another towards her, she placed our disgust, it carries the pathos to the highest bilis, had the keen scent of a stag-hound for a lawpitch of which it is capable, by showing the pitiable suit, whence it came to pass that he was more reve
her feet upon it, and thus stretched out negligently weakness of the old king's conduct and its irretriev- renced than loved by his neighbours, many of whom began talking, in a low tone, to the King and Made.
Francesca had now
an opportunity of observing in," after, as the Fool says, " he has made his daugh- The fourth was my landlord, the Apothecary, a
her more closely, and found that her appearance, if ters his mothers.” The character is dropped in the · good-natured, silly creature, blessed with a widowed equally singular, was more picturesque than she bad third act to make room for the entrance of Edgar as sister, who superintended his establishment, and of heard described. Her dress was odd enough; half Mad Tom, which well accords with the increasing whom I shall presently have occasion to speak. His masculine, half fem nine, but it became her. She bustle and wildness of the incidents; and nothing chief occupation consisted in sauntering about the
wore a sort of jacket of bright red camlet, richly can be more complete than the distinction between neighbourhood, with bis hands in his breeches pock- braided with gold and silver lace; a fringe of which Lear's real and Edgar's assumed madness, while the ets, and talking to anyone who would talk with brim. also hung from her grey petticoat, which was short resemblance in the cause of their distresses, from the He had projecting eyes, like a lobster, with a vague, enough to show her feet and ancles, whose small size severing of the nearest ties of natural affection, keeps unmeaning stare, and usually kept his mouth ajar
was rendered more remarkable by the peculiar shaped up a unity of interest. Shakspeare's mastery over I supposed from a habit he had acquired of swallow
boot. A crimson scarf, hung over one shoulder; his subject, if it was not art, was owing to a know. ing every extraordinary story he heard or read. adroitly bid the defeet in her figure; and round her ledge of the connecting links of the passions, and
throat was a neckcloth, edged with point lace, and their effect upon the mind, still more wonderful than
fastened with criinson riband. She was delicately any systematie adherence to rules, and that antici
fair, with an aquiline nose, and a mouth, the size of pated and outdid all the efforts of the most refined CHRISTINA, QUEEN OF SWEDEN.
which was forgotten in its white teeth and pleasant art, not inspired and rendered instinctive by genius. ( From Miss Landon's • Francesca Carrara.')
smile. She wore a peruke of very fair gulden bair ; To be continued next week. Her meditation was interrupted by an unusual vanity; her own tresses had been very beautiful; in
and herein was shown the lurking spirit of female bustle in the ante.chamber, when, before the pages
some whim she had bad them shaven off, but the çould announce her, the Queen of Sweden walked, colour of the peruke had been most assiduously A COUNTRY CLUB.
or rather ran, into the room. Advancing straight assorted to them.
Her eyes, large, blue, bright, and
restless, were ber most remarkable feature, perhaps called “The Exile of Erin, or the Adventures of a
gratulations--I have just heard of the taking of
froin constant einploy; they seemed perpetually
on the watch, and she also had a custom of fixing The Red Lion, where the club to which I have just you on the success of your arms.”
them with singular intentness on the person to whom alluded were in the habit of assembling, was one of
Victory is an agreeable subject, and the visitor and
she spoke. It was said this habit had somewhat those snug, old fashioned inns, now so rarely to be her compliments were equally well received.
startled the Bishop of Amiens, whom she selected met with, except in the east of England. It had a
“ You may give me credit for sincerity," conti
for her confessor; instead of the downicast eyes to deep, wide brick porch, from whose roof hung a nued she, “as there is some selfishness in it. It
which he had been accustoined, the royal penitent, magpie in a wicker cage. This porch opened into a hurts one's vanity to be mistaken, and you know I
who then knelt at his feet, fixed her clear piercing tolerably sized hall, wherein stood an oblong oaken prophesied the success of the fleur-de-lis.”
orbs full in his face, till the good father was all but table, grievously notched, albeit hooped with iron “ Valence,” observed M. de Vogent, one of the
stared out of counten 'nce. She was small and slight, and a few high backed arm-chairs of the same ma- party at the card-table, “was besiged a hundred
and the impression she gave as she lounged on her terial. Opposite the window was the fire-place, years since by the French army, but unsuccessfully;
two seats, swinging to and fro her black hat and feawithin whose ample range four men might sit with
the fort has never before been taken, and" ease ; and on the walls, hung on one side, a book
“ And you should have been there,” interrupted what spoiled by indulgence.
thers, was of a fair and pretty boy, clever, and some-
Exhibition of the Society of British Artists. this cozy, outlandish hall, was, first and foremost, the you joy that your husband should be the first con
(Concluded from last week). Auctioneer, a person, who in an isolated Welsh dis- queror of this redoubtable Valence.”
Me Thayer has many pictures that please us much ; trict, usually enjoys great consideration. He was a “I deserve," replied the Duchess, “. some compen- perhaps • The Cornfield' (244), is the best of them, duck-legged, pompous little being, fond of making sation for the anxiety I have endured.”
with Flambro' Castle in the back.ground, voluptu. allusions to a professional visit which he paid to Lon. i
Anxiety! nonsense !” exc'aimed the Swede, “ ously embosomed in trees; nor are the figures un. don in the year 1814, when he had the rare luck to
man is never in his proper element but when fighting worthy of the rest of the picture. In his particular see the Allied Sovereigns, and squeeze the horny fist I am persuaded that war was always meant to be the line,- in what may be termed architectural landscape; of Blucher. This was the one leading incident in one great luxury of the human race. War calls out and in the representation of physical vastness, John his life, from which he always dated.
all our good qualities; courage teaches a man to Martin stands without a rival; why, then, does he, Next came a Half-pay Officer, a grim-looking dog, respect himself; and self-respect is at once the be- being first in his own territory, wander into that of snappish—disputatious---egotistical—with a dried ginning and the guarantee of excellence. Besides a others, where his rank is at least equivocal? His liver, and cheeks sallow and (wasted, which went in campaign teaches patience, generosity, and exertion. • Judith attiring'.(258), will do his fame no good ; like the two sides of a fiddle, and spread out again at
So much for the morale; and as to the enjoyment, nor his is oi her picture, David spareth Saul at Ha. the chin and forehead. This warrior-or the “ Cap- pardieu! I can imagine nothing beyond the excite- chilah' (195), much better. In no part of the worlå tain,” as he was commonly styled-held it as the ment of leading a charge of eavalry."
can flesh be found to match Judith's in the former; chief article of his creed that, whatever is, is wrong,
“ Alas, Madam,” said the King, smiling, “why or clouds and rocks to look so like Japan as those in and was never so happy as when setting people by cannot I offer you the baton of a Marshal.” the latier. “Sunset' (263), Barnet, is very beauthe ears together. His favourite hobby was India, “ You cannot lament," returned slre, " the possi- tiful; but the sun appears to us a failure; it is like about which, like General Harbottle, he was fond of bility more than I do. What could God mean by a white wafer peering through the colours on the telling marvellous stories. In person he was re- sending me into the world a woman? But let us
When Claude, the prince of landscape. markably prim; wore a blue frock coat, a little white change this mournful subject -it really affects my painters, paints a sun, he veils it in mist, and shews at the edges in front, and buttoned close up to the feelings."
it stronger, for being half hidden; he knew he could
not paint the naked sun, which his eyes could not his superior, which does but dim the talent he un- schoolmaster was a gentle and sensible man, and look at. But now-a-days a sun is not worth a doubtedly possesses. • The Opening of the Royal knew how both to give and to take. After dinner penny of flake white; any water-colour painter can Exchange, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth' Stilling assembled a number of children about him, make you one with blank paper in the twinkling of (416), by Pickering, is a shewy and an interesting went out into the fields, or to the edge of a brook, a bed--post. For our parts, we know that our irreve. picture, but feeble in the execution. Among the and there related to them some fine sentimental rend eyes stared Mr Barrett's sun full in the face, but portraits, Mrs W, Carpenter bears the bell. Her tales; and, after his store was exhausted, others were were not punished with seeing green and purple spots • Portrait of Mrs Harding' (213), is very clearly and obliged to do the same. As some of them were once at every turn; what is better, our eyes stared also skilfully painted; we object alone to the hair, which together in a meadow, a boy came to them, who be. at Mr Barrett's sheep and the peaceful valley where is rather dead in the colouring. Hurlstone's portraits gan as follows :—“ Hear me, children ! I will tell you they are reposing, and derived infinite satisfaction we cannot admire. They are mostly affected, and something. Near us lives old Frühling ; you know from so doing; truly, they are very charmingly done. blackish in the colouring; but the • Portrait of Lieut.- how he totters about with his stick; he has no
Deliberation' (265), an illustration of the old sub- Col. Yorke' (112), and • Miss Gronow' (210), are longer any teeth, and he cannot see nor hear much. ject of a letter received by a young girl, which we clever. For the sake of their subjects, our readers Now, when he sits at the dinner table and trembles in are to suppose contains a proposal, by F. Clater, is should look at · Beatrice Cenci' (579), a copy from such a manner, he always scatters much, and somea clever picture ; the girl is prettily painted ; and a picture by Guido (the heroine of Mr Shelley's times something falls out of his mouth again. This the old pensioner giving her f:is fatherly advice, is noble tragedy); and · Petrarch's House at Ar- ' disgusted his son and his daughter-in-law, and capital. Creswick's "Westminster Bridge, from qua' (615). “Study of a Trappist Monk,' who therefore the old grandfather was at length obliged Vauxhall-stairs,' (286) of its class, is the best painted died by voluntary starvation (675), by Rippingille, to eat in the corner behind the stove; they gave him picture in the room. The brilliant colour, the real is a clever study of a very fine head. It is, we pre- something to eat in an earthen dish, and that often effect, the liveliness of the scene, make it equally sume, the original sketch for 465 in the British Insti- not enough to satisfy him. I have seen him eating, valuable as a piece of painting, and a local portrait. tution, a very admirable picture. Among the Sculp- and he looked so sad after dinner, and his eyes were Childe has many pleasant pictures; the · Entrance ture, we were most struck with some designs and
wet with tears. Well, the day before yesterday, he to Chiselhurst' is our favourite; it is one of those Restorations by J. Henning, jun. • The Vintage' broke his earthen dish. The young woman scolded sweet places one comes upon in the country roads of (782), is excellent. He seems to have caught the . him severely, and he said nothing, and only sighed. England, with a horsepond by the way-side over- spirit of the old sculptors; his works are like theirs Then they bought him a wooden dish for a couple hung by trees, with thirsty cows cooling their knees in style, but have not the tameness of imitations in of farthings, and he was obliged to eat out of it yes in it, and looking, meek and motionless, with a faint general.
terday for the first time. Whilst they were sitting curiosity at the passenger. For such scenes, Childe
thus at dinner, their little boy, who is three years has a real feeling, and his paintings are therefore in EPITAPH ON HIMSELF, BY JOHN
and a half old, began to rattle little boards together on earnest, and make the spectator so too.
the floor. Young Frühling said to him. What art thou News' (295), by Mrs F. Corbeaux, is painted with
doing there, Peter?' •0, said the child, • I am mamuch power. The two females are very beautiful ; [Of this famous Grecian--a Greek by birth, and of
king a little trough, out of which my father and but a little too much drawn after the ultra refined noble extraction—and one of the principal revivers of
mother shall eat when I am grown up.' Young system of the faces in the fashionable magazines. Grecian literature in Italy, Morhofius ( Polyhistor.'
Frühling and his wife looked at each other awhile : • The Village Belle' (324), J. L. Williams, is an p. 777.) says:-“ Sprung from the celebrated Im
at length they began to weep, and immediately excellent piece of colour, and the girl is of nature's perial Lascarine family, he enriched the library of
fetched the old grandfather to the table, and let him de Medicis with a wealth of Greek books, having own flesh and blood. “ A little coquetry, a little
eat with them.”-Autobiography of Heinrich Stilling. i visited and examined all the libraries of Greece for vanity, a little boldness, but real beauty and fresh. ness, and a taste for shewy dress, are all proper
that purpose, when sent by Lawrence de Medicis on attributes of the · Village Belle,' who is a
an embassy to Constantinople. It was under the di. I remember to have heard of a certain gentleman
rection of this same Lascaris, that Pope Leo X may that would needs make trial what men did feel that artificial and sophisticated person than the village The colouring is pure, harmonious, and
be said to have almost transported Greece into Italy, beauty.
were hanged. So be fastened the cord about his neck, powerful. Another little sketch, by the same aras to a new colony."*]
raising himself upon a stool and then letting himself tist, is in the Water-colour Room, inferior, but
fall, thinking it would be in his power to regain the
Λάσκαρις αλλοδαπή γαιη ενικάτθετο γαίην not unworthy of the · Village Belle, (473) a ·Cot
Ούτε λίην ξείνην, ω ξένε, μεμφόμενος:
stool at his pleasure; which he failed in, but was tage Maid,' described by Rogers. Her “kerchief Εύρετο μειλιχίην· αλλ' άχθεται, είπερ 'Αχαίοις helped by a friend then present. He was asked afterblue" should have been a more conspicuous feature;
Ουδ' έτι χάν χεύει πατρίς ελευθερίου:
wards what he felt? he said he felt no pain, but first
• but it is a very pretty and unaffected girl, with none Here Lascaris reposes, in a land
he thought he saw before his eyes a great fire and
burning; then he thought he saw all black and of the sophisticated nature of our friend the · Belle.' That is not his,--yet of that land would speak
dark; lastly it turned to a pale blue or sea-water There is good intentions and much power in 'The No ill, and many favours doch allow:Angel announcing to the Shepherds the Birth of the
green ; which colour is often seen by them which
But this afflicts him—this as with a brand Saviour' (341), by R. A. Clack. The angel, per
fall into swoonings. I have heard also of a physician
Is on him,--that the country of the Greek haps, seems too small and insignificant a part of the
yet living, who recovered a man to life, which had Hath no free graves to give her children now.
hanged himself, and had hanged half an hour, by picture; he is too close to the shepherds, and too far
• « Ex illustri Lascarina Imperatorum familia oriundus, frictions and hot baths; and the same plıysician did from the great light; but the landscape is very strik- Medicæam Bibliothecam insigni Græcorum codicum the-.
profess that he made no doubt to recover any man ing—its tone is calm, yet deep, fitted for the dawning sauro ditarit; cum Legatus à Laurentio Medicæo Constan
tinopolin mirsus omnes Græciæ bibliothecas of a portentous but a good-giving wonder ; the
that had hanged so long, if his neck were not broken Eodem Lascare auctore Leo X ipsam propemodum Græ- with the first swing.--Bacon on Life and Death. solemn blue of the heavevs, the dark land, the rising
ciam in Italiam, quasi in novam coloniam, deduxit." light, the bright stars, are painted with high poetic sentiment, and with no' lack of painter's skill; the
“ Hast thou not observed, Doris, that thy future elements of the picture are broad and vast, but not
husband has lame feet?" Yes, papa," said she, over strained : on the contrary, they are in thorough PLEASANT SCHOOLING, AND AN AFFECTING STORY.
“ I have seen it; but then he speaks to me so kindly keeping with each other, with the sentiment of the
Wilhelm had a room in Stilling's house ; in it and piously, that I seldom pay attention to his feet." picture, and with nature. The picture is hung very there stood a bed, in which he slept with his son,
Well, Doris, but young women generally look at a high, therefore its execution in the detail is less easily and at the window was a table with the appur
man's figure.” “ I, too, papa," was her answer ; seen ; by this circumstance it may gain; but, to tenances of his trade, for as soon as he came from
“but Wilhelm pleases me just as he is. If he had judge by what we can see, it is more probable that is school he laboured at his needle. In the morning straight feet, he would not be Wilhelm Stilling, and how loses. The bright star in the middle of the picture, early, Heinrich took his satchel, in which, besides
could I love him then ?” [This is very beautiful.] is one of the most surprising bits of luminous imita
the necessary school-books, there was a sandwich tion we remember to have seen. • Scene in Ax. for dinner, as also the History of the Four Children
TO CORRESPONDENTS. minster, Devon,' (348) F. W. Watts, is a charming of Haymon,' or some other such book, together with picture; it is a bit of broken ground, clothed in the
a shepherd's flute. As soon as he had break fasted, CIRCUMSTANCES again compel us to postpone the exmost luxuriant leafiness, with a glowing sun and he set off, and when he was outside the village, he
tracts from Mr Lamb, and also to beg the indulgence wandering cattle half hidden among the leaves and
took out his book and read whilst walking, or else knolls. It is Watts's best this time. Bass has a few quavered some old ballad or other tune upon his
of numerous correspondents till next week. of his ludicrous designs. The one called • Indepen- flute. Learning Latin was not at all difficult to him,
Will our fair friend of L'ULTIMA CAMBRIA have dant of a Vote' (354) is not bad; it is an old picture, and he had still time enough to read old tales. In the goodness to inform us at what bookseller's, or and the comparison does Mr Bass's later works no
the summer he went home every evening ; but in other house in London, a small parcel containing a good. “The wounded Fallow-deer' (375), by Han- the winter he came only on Saturday evening, and
book may be addressed to her ? cock, is clever. Hancock would be a gainer if he went away again on the Monday morning; this relinquished his obvious imitation of Landseer, which continued four years, but the last summer he stayed he carries into the handling, and even into the spe
LOnvon: Published by H. HOOPER,· Pall Mall East, and much at home, and assisted his father at his trade,
supplied to Country Agents by C. KNIGHT, Ludgate street. cific design"; but with very unequal success. He or made buttons.-Even the road to Florenburg and should avoid a comparison with one so much the school afforded him many a pleasant hour. The From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REINELL, Little Pulteney-street
LONDON JOURNAL. .
TO ASSIST THE ENQUIRING, ANIMATE THE STRUGGLING, AND SYMPATHIZE WITH ALL.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1835.
PRICE TAREE HALFPENCE.
CRITICISM ON FEMALE BEAUTY. ture of pungency with the look of sweetness. Some- touching under this circumstance than any others;'
times they call it severity, sometimes sternness, and because of the field they give for the veins to wander No. II.
even acridity, and terror. The usual word was gor- in, and the trembling amplitude of the ball beneath. Eres.— The finest eyes are those that unite sense gon-looking. Something of a frown was implied, Little eyes must be good tempered, or they are and sweetness. They should be able to say much, mixed with a radient earnestness. This was com- ruined. They have no other resource. But this and all charmingly. The look of sense is propor- monly spoken of men's eyes. Anacreon, giving will beautify them enough. They are made for tioned to the depth from which the thought seems directions for the portrait of a youth, says
laughing and should do their duty. In Charles the to issue ; the look of sweetness to an habitual readi
« Μελαν ομμα γοργον εστω,
Second's time, it was the fashion to have sleepy, ness of sympathy, an unaffected willingness to please and be pleased. We need not be jealous of
half-shut eyes, sly and meretricious. They took an
expression, beautiful and warrantable on occasion, “Dark and gorgon be his eye,
and made a commonplace of it, and a vice. So little “ Eyes affectionate and glad, ?
Tempered with hilarity." ;
do“ men of pleasure " understand the business from That seem to love whate'er they look upon." Gertrude of Wyoming.
A taste of it, however, was sometimes desired in the which they take their title. A good warm-heas ted
eyes of the ladies. Theagenes, in Heliodorus's “ Ethio- poet shall shed more light upon real voluptuousness They have always a good stock in reserve for their pics,' describing his mistress Chariclea, tells us, that and beauty, in one verse from his pen, than a thou. favourites; especially if, like those mentioned by even when a child, something great, and with a sand rakes shall arrive at, swimming in claret, and the poet, they are conversant with books and nature. divinity in it shone out of her eyes, and encountered bound on as many voyages of discovery. Voluptuaries know not what they talk about, when his, as he examined them with a mixture of the gorgon In attending to the hair and eyes, I have forthey profess not to care for sense in a woman. and the alluring.* Perhaps the best word in general gotten the eyebrows, and the shape of the head. Pedantry is one thing : sense, taste, and apprehen- for translating gorgon would be fervent ; something They shall be despatched before we come to the lips ; siveness, are another. Give me an eye that draws earnest, fiery, and pressing onward. Anacreon, with
as the table is cleared before the dessert. This is an equally from head above and heart beneath; that is his usnal exquisite taste, allays the fierceness of the irreverent simile, nor do I like it; though the pleaequally full of ideas and feelings, of intuition and term with the word kekerasmenon, tempered. The sure even of eating and drinking, to those who enjoy sensation. If either must predominate, let it be nice point is, to see that the terror itself be not terri- it with temperance, may be traced beyond the palate. the heart. Mere beauty is nothing at any time but ble, but only a poignancy brought in to assist the The utmost refinements on that point are, I allow, a doll, and should be packed up and sent to Brob
It is the salt in the tart; the subtle sting wide of the mark on this. The idea of beauty, howdignag. The colour of the eye is a very secondary of the essence. It is the eye intellectual, what the ever, is lawfully associated with that of cherries and
Black eyes are thought the brightest, blue apple of the eye is to the eye itself,—the dark part peaches; as Eve set forth the dessert in Paradise. the most feminine, grey the keenest. It depends in- of it, the core, the innermost look'; the concentration
EYEBROWS.-Eyebrows used to obtain more aptirely on the spirit within. I have seen all these and burning-blass of the rays of love. I think, how- plause than they do. Shakspeare seems to jest upon colours change characters; though I must ever, that Anacreon did better than Heliodorus, this eminence, when he speaks of a lover that when a blue eye looks ungentle, it seems more when he avoided attributing this look to his mistress, out of character than the extremest diversity exand confined it to the other sex. He tells us, that
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad :,. pressed by others. The ancients appear to have she had a look of Minerva as well as Venus; but
Made to his mistress' eyebrow." associated the idea of gladness with blue eyes; which it is Minerva without the gorgon. There is sense
Marot mentions a poem on an eyebrow, which was is the colour given to his heroine's by the author just and apprehensiveness, but nothing to alarm. No
the talk of the court of Francis the First. The alluded to. Anacreon attributes a blue or a grey drawback upon beauty ought to be more guarded
taste of the Greeks on this point was remarkable. eye to his mistress, it is difficult to say which : but against, than a character of violence about the eyes.
They admired eyebrows that almost met. It dehe adds, that it is tempered with a moist delicacy of I have seen it become very touching, when the vio- pends upon the character of the rest of the face. the eye of Venus. The other look was Minerva's, lence had been conquered by suffering and reflection, Meeting eyebrows may give a sense and animation and required softening. It is not easy to distinguish and a generous turn of mind; nor, perhaps, does
to looks that might otherwise be over-feminine. the shades of the various colours anciently given to
a richer soil for the production of all good things They have certainly not a foolish look. Anacreon's eyes; the blues and greys, sky-blues, sea-blues, sea- take place anywhere than over these spent volca
mistress has them :-
“ Taking care her eyebrows be
: Not apart, nor mingled neither, the expression of acuteness, majesty, tenderness or still prevail. They are the finest of all, when they
But as hers are, stol'n together. a mixture of all. Black eyes were most lauded; have the internal look; which is not common. * The
Met by stealth, yet leaving too doubtless, because in a southern country the greatest stag or antelope eye of the orientals is beautiful and
. O'er the eyes their darkest hue." I number of beloved eyes must be of that colour. But lamping, but is accused of looking skittish and inon the same account of the predominance of black, different. “ The epithet of stag-eyed,” says Lady In the Idyl of Theocritus before mentioned, one the abstract taste was in favour of lighter eyes and Wortley Montague, speaking of a Turkish love song,
of the speakers values himself upon the effect his fair complexions. Hair being of a great variety“ pleases me extremely; and I think it a very lively beauty has had on a girl with joined eyebrows. of tint, the poet had great licence in wishing or image of the fire and indifference in his mistress's
“ « Κημ’ εκ των αντρα συνοφρυς κορα εχθες ιδoισα feigning on that point. Many a head of hair was eyes.” We lose in depth of expression, when we go
δαμαλας παρελωντα, καλον καλον ημες exalted into gold, that gave slight colour for the pre- to inferior animals for comparisons with human
ουδε λογον εκριθης απο τον πικρον αυτα, red, and yellow, and sand-coloured, and brown with thet suits well with the eyes of that goddess, because
Αλλα κατω βλεψας ταν αμετεραν οδον ειρπου.” the least surface of gold, all took the same illustrious she may be supposed, with all her beauty, to want epithet on occasion. With regard to eyes, the ancertain humanity. Her large eye looks at Iyou with
! “ Passing a bower last evening with my cows, cients insisted much on one point, which rise
• Beautiful ! beautiful !' cried she. I heard,
But went on, looking down, and gave her not a • Casio veniam abrius leoni. Catullus.-See glaucus,
word.” caruleus, &c. and their Greek correspondents. Xapotos,
66 Sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes." ; glad-looking, is also rendered in the Latin, blue-eyed : and
This taste in female beauty appears to have been conyet it is often translated by ravus, a word which at one This is shutting up their pride, and subjecting them fined to the ancients. Boccaccio, in his · Ameto,' the time is made to signify blue, and at another something ap- to the lips of love. Large eyes may become more proximating to hazel. Casius, in like manner, appears
• In one of his Epistles, beginningto signify both grey and blue, and a tinge of
• Æthiop.' Lib. 11, apud Junium.
“ Nobles esprits de France poetiques." From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REYNELI., Little Pulteney-street. 1
precursor of the • Decameron,' where he gives several timent :-“ Her cheeks blushing, and withal, when tors have à curious difficulty with a line in Catullus. pictures of beautiful women, speaks more than once she was spoken to, a little smiling, were like roses They are not sure whether he wrote of disjoined eyebrows.* Chaucer, in the Court of when their leaves are with a little breath stirred.”
“ Salve, nec nimio puella nasoLove,' is equally express in favour of “a due dis- • Arcadia,' Book I. Beautiful-cheeked is a favourite
Hail, damsel, with by no means too much nose;"taunce.” An arched eyebrow was always in request; epithet with Homer. There is an exquisite delibut I think it is doubtful whether we are to under- cacy, rarely noticed, in the transition from the cheek stand that the eyebrows were always desired to form to the neck, just under the ear. Akenside has
Salve, nec minimo puella nasoseparate arches, or to give an arched character to the observed it; but hurts his real feeling, as usual, with
Hail, damsel, with by no means nose too little.". brow considered in unison. In either case the curve common-place epithets :
It is a feature to be described by negatives. It is of should be very delicate. A strait eyebrow is better
importance, however, to the rest of the face. If a
« Hither turn than a very arching one, which has a look of wonder
good nose will do little for a countenance otherwise and silliness. To have it immediately over the eye,
Thy graceful footsteps ; hither, gentle maid, is preferable, for the same reason, to its being too
Incline thy polish'd forehead ; let thy eyes
poor, a bad one is a great injury to the best. An
indifferent one is so common, that it is easily tolehigh and lifted. The Greeks liked eyes Jeaning Effuse the mildness of their azure dawn;
rated. It appears, from the epithets bestowed upon upwards towards each other; which indeed is a rare
And may the fanning breezes waft aside
that part of the face by the poets and romance-writbeauty, and the reverse of the animal character. If
Thy radiant locks, disclosing, as it bends
ers, that there is no defect more universal than a nose the brows over these took a similar direction, they
With airy softness from the marble neck,
twisted or out of proportion. The reverse is desirwould form an arch together. Perhaps a sort of
able accordingly. A nose should be firmly yet double curve was required, the particular one over
Pleasures of Imagination.
lightly cut, delicate, spirited, harmonious in its parts, the eye, and the general one in the look altogether.f The “ marble neck” is too violent a contrast ; but
and proportionate with the rest of the features. A But these are unnecessary refinements. Where the picture is delicate.
nose merely well-drawn and proportioned, can be very great difference of taste is allowed, the point in
insipid. Some little freedom and delicacy is required question can be of little consequence.
to give it character. Perhaps the highest character think, however, with Ariosto, that fair locks with is an elegant and happy verse.
it can arrive at is a look of taste and apprehensiveblack eyebrows are desirable. I see, by an article in I will here observe, that rakes and men of senti
And a perfectly elegant face has a nose of this an Italian catalogue, that the taste provoked a disment appear to have agreed in objecting to orna
sort. Dignity, as regards this feature, depends upon sertation. It is to be found, however, in ' Achilles ments for the cars. Ovid, Sir Philip Sidney, and, I
the expression of the rest of the face. Thus a large Tatius,' and in the poem beginning
think, Beaumont and Fletcher, have passages against aquiline nose increases the look of strength in a ear-rings; but I cannot refer to the last.
strong face, and of weakness in a weak one. The “ Lydia, bella puella, candida,”
contrast, the want of balance,-is too great. Junius attributed to Gallus. A moderate distinction is
“ Vos quoque non caris aures onerate lapillis, adduces the authority of the sophist Philostratus for desirable, especially where the hair is very light. Quos legit in viridi decolor Indus aqua."
tetragonal or quadrangular noses,—noses like those of Hear Burns, in a passage full of life and sweetness,
Artis Amat. Lib. III. statues ; that is to say, broad and level in the bridge,
with distinct angles to the parallelogram. These are “ Sae flaxen were her ringlets, “ Load not your ears with costly jewelry,
better for men than women.
The genders of noses
are more distinct than those of eyes and lips. The Bewitchingly o'er-arching
This, to be sure, might be construed into a warn- neuter are the commonest. A nose a little aquiline Twa laughing een o' bonny blue.” ing against the abuse, rather than the use, of such
has been admired in some women. Cyrus's Aspasia It is agreed on all hands, that a female eyebrow ornaments; but the context is in favour of the latter had one, according to Ælian.
“She had very large ought to be delicate, and nicely pencilled. Dante supposition. The poet is recommending simplicity, eyes, " quoth he, “ and was a little upon the griffin;" says of his mistress's, that it looked as if it was and extolling the age he lives in, for its being sen- ολιγον
ny XOX. ETT TYPUTOS.* The less the better. painted
sible enough to dispense with show and finery. The It trenches upon the other sex, and requires all the « Il ciglio
passage in Sidney is express, and is a pretty conceit. graces of Aspasia to carry it off. Those indeed will Pulito, e brun, talche dipinto pare."
Drawing a portrait of his heroine, and coming to the carry off anything. There are many handsome and Rime, Lib. v. ear, he tells us, that
agreeable women with aquiline noses ; but they are
agreeable in spite of them, not by their assistance. “ The eyebrow, “ The tip no jewel needs to wear;
Painters do not give them to their ideal beauties. Polished and dark, as though the brush had
The tip is jewel to the ear.”
We do not imagine angels with aquiline noses. Digdrawn it.”
nified men have them. Plato calls them (royal, I confess when I see a handsome ear without an
Marie Antoinette was not the worse for an aquiline Brows ought to be calm and even. ornament, I am glad it is not there; but if it has an
nose; at least in her triumphant days, when she “ Upon her eyelids many graces sat, ornament, and one in good taste, I know not how
swam through an antichamber like a vision, and Under the shadow of her even brows." to wish it away. There is an elegance in the dan
swept away the understanding of Mr Burke. But Faery Queen.
gling of a gem suitable to the complexion. I be-
if a royal nose has anything to do with a royal will, Eyelids have been mentioned before. The lashes for instance, would be spoiled by a ring. Further
nant description, at last. A Roman nose may estaba are best when they are dark, long, and abundant more, it is in the way of a kiss.
lish a tyranny :--according to Marmontel, a little without tangling. But I shall never get on at this
Nose.-- The nose in general has the least charac
turn-up nose overthrew one. At all events, it is ter of any of the features. When we meet with a
more feminine; and La Fontaine was of MarmonSHAPE OF HEAD AND' Face, Ears, Cheeks, &c.very small one, we only wish it larger; when with a
tel's opinion. Writing to the Duchess of Bouillon, The shape of the head, including the face, is handlarge one, we would fain request it to be smaller. In
who had expressed a fear that he would grow tired of some in proportion as it inclines from round into
itself it is rarely anything. The poets have been Château Thierry, he says, oval. This should particularly appear, when the puzzled to know what to do with it. They are geneface is looking down. The skull should be like a rally contented with describing it as straight, and in
“ Peut-on s'ennuyer en des lieux noble cover to a beautiful goblet. The principal good proportion. The straight nose, quoth Dante,
Honorés par les pas, éclairés par les yeux breadth is at the temples, and over the ears. The “ Il dritto naso." “ Her nose directed streight,"
D'une aimable et vive Princesse, I ears ought to be small, delicate, and compact. saith Chaucer. “ Her nose is neither too long nor
A pied blanc et mignon, à brune et longue tresse ? havc fancied that musical people have fine ears, in too short,” say the Arabian Nights.' Ovid makes
Nez troussé, c'est un charme encor selon mon sens, that sense, as well as the other. But the internal no mention of a nose. Ariosto says of Alcina's (not
C'en est même un des plus puissants. conformation must be the main thing with them. knowing what else to say), that envy could not find
Pour moi, le temps d'aimer est passé, je l'avoue ;'; The same epithets of small, delicate, and compact, fault with it. Anacreon contrives to make it go
Et je mérite qu'on me loue apply to the jaw; which loses in beauty, in propor- shares with the cheek. Boccaccio, in one of his
De ce libre et sincère aveu, tion as it is large and angular. The cheek is the early works, the • Ameto' above-mentioned, where he Dont pourtant le public se souciera très peu. seat of great beauty and sentiment. It is the region has an epithet for almost every noun, is so puzzled Que j'aime ou n'aime pas, c'est pour lui même chose. of passive and habitual softness. Gentle acquiescence what to say of a nose, that he calls it odorante, the
Mais s'il arrive que mon cæur is there ; modesty is there; the lights and colours of smelling nose. Fielding, in his contempt for so un
! Retourne à l'avenir dans sa première erreur, passion play tenderly in and out its surface, like the
sentimental a part of the visage, does not scruple to Nez aquilins et longs n'en seront pas la cause." Aurora of the northern sky. It has been seen how
beat Amelia's nose to pieces, by an accident ; in orAnacreon has painted a cheek. Sir Philip Sidney der to show how contented her lover can be, when
“ How can one tire in solitudes and nooks, has touched it with no less delicacy, and more senthe surgeon has put it decently to rights. This has
Graced by the steps, enlighten’d by the looks, been reckoned a hazardous experiment; not that a
Of the most piquant of Princesses, L'Ameto di Messer Giovanni Boccaccio, pp. 31, 32, 39. lover, if he is worth anything, would not remain a
With little darling foot, and long dark tresses ? Parma, 1802.
A turn-up nose too, between you and lover after such an accident, but that we do not | See the “ Ameto,' p. 32. choose to have a member injured, which has so little
Has something that attracts me mightily. Barrotti, Gio. Andrea, le chiome bionde e ciglia nere d'Alcina, discorso accademico. Padova, 1746. character to support_its adversity. The commenta
• Var. Hist." Lib. 12, Cap. 1.