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disconnect the day of worship with works of neces

The Catholic countries' bells are ringing at all sible should be paid for what are considered amusesity and mercy; and wbat so necessary for the poor, seasons, not always to the comfort of those who hear ments : and, perhaps, the cause of this apparent the especial objects of his regard, as a knowledge of them; but the custom has associated them in our meanness lies in supposing that intellectual or other what can be done for them ? what so merciful as minds with sunshine and good-nature. We also like [external) gratification is mere amusement. But to help them to supply their wants hoth of body and them on account of their frequency in colleges. you will not listen to my prosing over causes ! It is mind? Leaving this more serious part of the sub- Finally, they remind us of weddings and other very rare to meet with any who expend their money ject (which, however, is not inharmoniously mixed holidays; and there is one particular little jingle in as a principle of public acknowledgment to private up with our lighter matter, for the greatest gravity

some of them, which brings to our memory the endeavour to attain perfection either in art or science. and the most willing cheerfulness have but one ob- walking to church by the side of a parent, and is If an exhibition is advertised of the striving talent ject), we pass by the other open or peeping shops very dear to us.

of our artists, or a book, the produce of the research (such as the pastry-cooks' who keep up the supply of (To be concluded in the body of our JOURNAL next of half a life,—what is the dominant feeling in soindigestion, and the apothecary's who is conveniently week, not as the leading article.]

ciety? Is it by the sacrifice of a trifling amount by ready against the consequences), and stop a mo

all who choose to avail themselves of the exertions of ment at our friend the barber's, who provides a

others to repay the toil expended in the one or the newspaper for his waiting customers, as men of his ORIGIN OF

THE BALLAD OF other case ? Do we find galleries crowded by sometrade formerly provided a lute or a guitar. The so


thing like a generous feeling towards the abilities lace is not so elegant. There must have been some

To the Editor of the London Journal.

there displayed, -or, on the other hand, do we ever thing very peculiar and superior, to the occasion, in

hear of an elaborate work on science being purchased

February 19, 1835. the sound of a guitar in a barber's shop-of “ Beauty

SIR,- In addition to the account given in this week's

from motives of respect to its author-or rather, to retire," gracefully played into the face of a long-vise London Journal, I beg to inclose you a copy of the

the merits of the book? That society does here and aged old gentleman under the soap-suds; or, register of the burials of the true lovers, celebrated

there boast such feeling, there is no doubt; but it is under the names of Edwin and Emma. I am sorry

an exception to a rule. I am sorry to believe that « Since first I saw your face I resolved To honour and renown you;" for several reasons that there is no date to the letter

our first propensity is to avail ourselves of every good from the curate of Bowes to Mr C. at Marrick. The

thing, without reference to those to whom we are in“In this pleasant place retired;" following copy of the register was extracted by my

debted; and to deem that we repay them amply with self from the parish book of registers. The story as

our praise. The modest thought! How horrified “Come if you dare ;" | detailed in the letter I have heard often ; and many

these people would be were they offered the 'gift' of just as the operator's fingers were approaching the a time and oft have I, in boyhood's happy time,

the King's bounty at Easter, or “free admission' to patient's nose. The newspaper, however, though not played on the tomb under which lie the remains of a feast at the Freemanson's Tavern, or proffered

tickets' for coals and potatoes, as a charitable donaso choice, or furnishing opportunities to the poor

that fond pair. They were buried at the west-end of
the church, near the wall. Deeply is it to be regretted

tion, at Christmas! But, it may be fairly asked, polite to show the selectness and segregation of their accomplishments, shows a higher refinement on the that no memorial has been raised to mark the spot,

where lies the difference between accepting these free part of the poor in general, or the many; not to men.

and perpetuate an instance of true yet fatal love. gifts, and crawling for gratis admissions. Do talents tion, that the more knowing reader may find ample

Such a project was entertained some years ago, but demand less culture than a potato, or does fuel lie occasion of showing what he knows, and may sing, has now, I fear, been quite lost sight of..

deeper in the bowels of the earth than genius in its

hidden cells?' But, perhaps, this is trilling. In in another strain, the song of “ Beauty, retire,” to

plain language, does the public suppose that the grasome fair partisan on the pension-list, or “ Come, if Rodger Wrightson Jun. and Martha Railton both

tification they receive so readily, is equally cheap to you dare,” to the tax-gatherer or the tithesman. of Bowes, Buried in one grave: He died in a Fever,

others as to themselves ? They who have seen talent But we must be moving onward.

and upon tolling his passing Bell, She cry'd out, My devoting youth, rest, recreation,-nay, even the neThere is the bell going for church. Forth come

heart is broke, and in a few hours expired, purely cessaries of life, and I may almost add, the affections Mrs and Miss A ; then the Mr B's, in their new as supposed thro love. March 15th 1714.5.

of the heart, to the creation of those powers, whose brown coats and staid gloves; then Mr, Mrs, and

“ Aged about 20 years each.”

apparent ease is the effect of the toil of years, can the Miss C's, in a world of new bonnets and ribbons.

I remain yours, obediently,

never deal so niggard-like by their possessors. Oh, ho! young Mr D, from over the way, joins Temple.

• It is not necessary for me to name to you them, and is permitted to walk with Miss C by her

class in life which is the more obnoxious to the re. self; so the thing is certain. See ! she explains to


proach of thoughtless indifference on this point; for him that she has forgotten her prayer-book -- by

want of reflection is the great cause of the evil, and accident; and he joyfully shows her his own;

this I am happy to think; for there can be no greater “ How fortunate this is ! which means, that he means to read the Collect with

We never should have

meapness on the face of the earth than that which her out of the same "book; which makes her blush

gone to pay. Now pray don't forget your kind pro- grudges to intellect, feeling, and industry, their due

mise;" and rising, the lady hastened to her daughters reward. and smile, and attempt to look gratefully indifferent,

to communicate the glad tidings. George Eldridge which is impossible; so she does not much endea

My opinion on this subject took its rise from had evidently risen in her estimation; and in due vour it, and they are both as happy as if the church

rather a melancholy incident, which I will relate." were made of tarts and cheesecakes. We are passing

time the young ladies were as forward as "mamma" the church now, so we see no more of them.

“Will he never cease ?” thought George ; "and a But

in evincing their respect for an amiable young man, there is the beadle, in his laced hat, taking the apple who could get “orders.”

dance commencing, too!” So, drinking in at one

ear the blandishments of the waltz, he lent an ungrafrom the charity boy, and looking very angry, for

Now this is extremely odd, thought George. If cious moiety of the other to the old man. it is not a good one ; and there come the E's, quarMrs Dynevor was not glad of my offer, she would

“Some years ago, when I, as you may be now, was relling up to the church-door about which walks the not have expressed so much satisfaction; and if so a zealous knight in the service of the ladies, un petit heaviest; and F, making his sisters laugh before

anxious for the theatre, why not pay ?—that is curi- courier des dames, I was intimately acquainted with hand, at the way in which the clerk opens his mouth ; ous, for she is very generous ! This was indeed a

a professional man—a leader in his art, music. and G, who hates the parson; and the parson, who mystery to a young man recently involved in London. Many years he had "laboured, to my knowledge, hates G; and H, I, J, K, and L, who are indifferent George had been bred in the country, and trained in

for proficiency, before he appeared before the public, about the matter, and are thinking of their dinner, thorough gentlemanly ideas of independence and

and then expecting only a modest requital for his boots, neckcloths, and next day; and, not to liberality, and his first impulse was to afford support

toil. His was the labour we delight in,' therefore through the whole alphabet, here is M, dashing up in to the arts through which he sought entertainment.

he was not exorbitant in his wishes ; but, for the his carriage, which the coachman is to keep for him, “ This is not like her, to evade a payment the loss of pleasure he found himself capable of inspiring, he till he has “walked humbly with his God," and is which must fall on some one!”

was intitled at least to some return. How he sucready to strut forth again. » These last words, George, in the heat of his re- ceeded, however, I never knew till the following

His In childhood the church bells used to make us flection, seems to have uttered aloud, and they at

event took place. He announced a concert. tracted the attention of an old gentleman ,who had abilities were well known, though his name was not melancholy. They have not that effect now. The

been sitting, as elderly men are wont to do, very fashionable; and my friends, aware that I was acreason we take to be, that they sounded to us then from the remote regions of the whole world out of quiet and attentive, in the back ground. George quainted with him, importuned me to procure free doors, and of all the untried hopes and fears and

saw he was preparing to speak, and out he did speak, tickets. I wrote for them; they were forwarded, sure enough.

Never did destinies which they contained. We have since

and on the appointed day we attended. known them more familiarly, and our regard is

“ Am I not right (he said) in believing that you

the talents of my friend shine to greater advantage greater and even more serious, though mixed with are surprised at finding Mrs Dynevor anxious to

than on that day, and seldom have I seen a more cheerfulness, and is not at all melancholy, except avoid the expense of an intellectual gratification?”

numerous or more gratified audience. Well, sir! when the bell tolls for a funeral; which custom by

George assented; and the speaker continued. “It in the course of a few days, glad in heart at his sucthe way is a nuisance, and ought to be abolished, if does seem strange that a lady, whom we all know to cess, I hastened to the house of, to congratulate only out of consideration for the sick and sorrowful.

be hospitable, kind-hearted, and beneficent, should him. A sad revulsion, however, came One of the reasons why church bells have become

act in a manner that could only be expected from the when I observed an unwonted gloom over that cheerful to us, is the having been accustomed to

poor, or the poorly-minded. But yet, I fear you cheerful dwelling. All—wife, children, and servants, hear them among the cheerful people of Tuscany.

will find it too universal an ides, that as little as pos. were downcast,—the musician excepted : his genius,



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I suppose, upheld him. The cause was this, as I dis.


stinet of inferiority in intellectual and moral grandeur, covered, when he checked with a smile the gratula

could not help ekeing out the power of his with some

BIRTH-DAYS AND OTHER ANNIVERSARIES. tions I was offering him on his supposed gains:--He

thing of a convulsive strength,--an ostentation of mus. had been struggling, he said, for years to keep MARCH 4. Ash-Wednesday, the first day of Lent,- cles and attitudes. His Jupiter was a Mars intellectualhis footing in England, but the struggle went a season so called from the Saxon Lenten or Lengthen- ized. Raphael's was always Jupiter himself, needing against him. It was not that it was toilsome tide; that is the lengthening of day-light. The ob- nothing more, and including the strength of beauty toil he did not fear; but the fight was not fair,-the servance of abstinence at this season is a memorial of with that of majesty; as true moral grandeur does labour was not clean. This concert he had given the fasting of Jesus. It is little retained except in nature. Michael Angelo was great in sculpture as a last trial — And you succeeded?' I cried. “The among Catholics, and it is very much qualified with

as well as painting, and was the chief builder of the room was full--but it was with free admissions,' he

them. Brand quotes an amusing clause concerning magnificent church of St Peter. He also wrote a quietly replied. You may believe, sir, I wished

it from one

of the Roman Casuists; namely, number of sonnets, partaking of the austere character myself anywhere else than where I was, sitting op- that “ beggars which are ready to affamish for want,

of his genius. He was short in stature, but of enerposite the man whom I felt that I had been a party may eat what they can get.”

getic and venerable aspect ; though Torrigiano, the in injuring; though no such thought, I do believe,

Ash-Wednesday is so called from the custom for. sculptor, in a fit of passion, when they were at school entered his mind. He continued, “I am now on

together, broke the bridge of his nose with a blow of merly prevailing of blessing ashes on this day, and the eve of departure for another country-where, an

his little violent fist, and left it flattened for life; as signing the people's foreheads with them at church, inward voice tells me, better fortune will be my in token of the “ dust and ashes ” nature of man.

may be seen in the busts of him. mead.' And it was true: everything was preparing The ashes were those of the palm-branches conse

Same day, 1482. At Florence, of a noble family, for removal. Those walls, witnesses of so much crated on Palm-Sunday.

Francesco Guicciardini, an excellent statesman and happiness—happiness which evidently had had its

Ash-Wednesday is no longer anything with us

historian, diffuse in his narratives, but sagacious, and source alone in the riches of the heart and mind of but a name; and Lent means little but a season in

a lover of truth. We regret we can only speak of their master-walls, which had resounded with so

which people eat too much fish and egg-sauce, and him from the judgments of others, never having read much that was kind, hospitable, brilliant, and hargo to the theatres in black to hear oratorios.

his history. Like most of the great men of Italy, he monious,—were now being despoiled of their taste

also wrote verses.

Same day, 1650 (according to Chalmers :--Gorton
ful decorations; and everything threatened that

says, 1652). At Worcester, the son of an attorney,
the man whose kind heart and great genius bad
John Lord Somers, a celebrated lawyer and states-

hallowed the spot, was now dreaming of other lands."

inan, one of the leaders of the Revolution of 1688,
“ By Jove! that was well danced!” cried George
and a man of great taste in literature,—the patron of

Their perfume gone,
Eldridge, as, springing from his seat, he ran off to

Take these again ; for to the noble mind
Addison and Steele, and promoter of the fame of Rich gifts wax poor, when givers prove unkind."
compliment the object of his admiration.

Milton. He appears to have been a genuine lover The old gentleman smiled to find he had been of freedom; but to have shown, in advancing its Take backe thy gyfte—'tis deare no more storying to unlistening ears. It was not the first interests, something of the superfluous subtlety of a Sithe false have prov'd the wordes I trusted, time.

legal breeding, which subjected him, among other Dimme are its gemmes, soe bryghte before, W. R.

charges, to that of currying too much favour with the Each lynke by Treach'rie's breathe is rusted.
We doubt whether the complaint of our re- King (William III), for the sake of maintaining the
spected Correspondent is in this instance well founded.

Whigs in power.
An unfavourable view of this

Firme are those lynkes of purest golde
Music is a luxury, not a necessity : at least it is so conduct would trace it to an aristocratical leaven in

(Too firm to bee a trifler's tokenne)
thought; it goes, at all events, upon the principle his own nature; a favourable one, to his ulterior

Stille with unshakenne strengthe they holdeof attraction, and if it cannot attract money out of considerations of what was best for all. His taste in

They are not like thy false vowe-brokenne! pockets, as well as a cheaper attention, we know literature would argue for the latter conclusion. Of

Thou should'st have given a rosie chaine
not that a moral ground of complaint lies against the former, an anecdote of him in his youth might

Of buddes that fade as ev'ning closes,
the non-payers.
The desideratum is to refine be regarded by some as a prognostic. As it is an

And even thenne too welle I weane,
their tastes; and this consummation, indeed, such amusing one, and shows his father in a light of

Thy hearte had chang’d, before thy roses. as the present may help to bring homely joviality, we here repeat it.

The name of
about by showing how worthy of all acknowledg- the landlord gives it an additional zest in these days, Tlienne as each perfumed leafe and flowre
ment the labours of the accomplished are held to be by though the old gentleman would have hazarded no of its fraile linkes had dropt awaye,
liberal minds. We confess we have never thought such brusqucric to its present bearer. It is curious,

I might have counted houre by houre
the readiness to accept, or to beg, orders, a very by the way, that the name of Cobbett is always The progresse of thy love's decaye.
handsome or considerate thing on the part of peo-
found in connexion with Anti-Toryism. It was that

M. S. R.
ple who can afford to pay for them. We should be of one of the Republican colonels in Cromwell's time.
ashamed, for instance, to avail ourselves of orders -Old Mr Somers (the biographers tell us) used to

ROMANCE OF REAL LIFE. furnished by a good actor or musician in no very frequent the taverns in London, and in his way from flourishing circumstances, and then go and lay out Worcester was wont to leave his horse at the George

'LX.-A HUMAN WILD BEAST APPARENTLY TAMED. the value of them in tarts, or a trinket, or any other at Acton, where he often made mention of the hope. [From a curious piece of German autobiography superfluity.

ful son he had at the Temple. Cobbet, who kept just published, intitled · Heinrich Stilling.' The the inn, hearing him enlarge so much in praise of author was a friend of Goethe’s. We do not his son, to compliment the old gentleman, cried, take for granted, as he does, the thorough conver

“Why wont you let us see him, sir?" The father, sion of the unhappy, and most probably wretchedly Thomas Learmouth, otherwise called the Rhymer,

to oblige liis merry landlord, desired the young gen- educated, subject of the present story; but the a native of Ercheldoune in the Merse, is reported to tleman to accompany him so far on his way home;

man, like other human beings, has a germ of goodhave lived during the reign of Alexander III.


and being come to the George, took his landlord ness in him, and the contrast of his poor wife's was famous for his predictions of future events.

aside, and said “I have brought him, Cobbet, but patience and kindness is affecting.) the day of Alexander's death, the Earl of March

you must not talk to him as you do to me; he will asked him, whether anything extraordinary would not suffer such fellows as you in his company."

During supper, in the evening, Glöckner related

a very remarkable tale regarding his brother-in-law, happen next day? “ To-morrow," answered Thomas,

6, 1474. At Arezzo, in Tuscany, of a noble 16 will be heard the most vehement wind that was ever

Freymuth, which was to the following effect :family, Michael Angelo Buonarroti, whom the Madame Freymuth was Glöckner's wife's sister, known in Scotland.” When the news of the King's death

lovers of energy in its visible aspect think the and of one mind with her concerning religion; the arrived, that, said Thomas, “ was the wind of which

greatest artist that ever lived. Ariosto (in not one of two sisters therefore came frequently together, with I spake.” Fordun relates this story as a proof of

his happiest compliments) punning upon his name, other friends, on the Sunday afternoon; they then his prophetic spirit. There is still a better story calls him

recapitulated the morning's sermon, read in the related of Apollonius Tyanaeus by Philostratus," Lib. iv. c. 43.

bible, and sang hymns. Freymuth could not bear An eclipse happened at Rome in the Michel, piú che mortal, Angiol divino, days of the Emperor Nero, at the same time Michael, the more than man, Angel divine;

this at all; he was an arch enemy to such things,

yet, notwithstanding, he went diligently to church there was a violent thunder storm!


and pursuing the allusion, it may be said that there and sacrament, but that was all; horrible oaths, lifting up his eyes to heaven, said, “EOT 21 To jeya

is much of the same difference between him and drinking, gaming, licentious conversation, and και εκ έσται;” ι. ε. ve something great or extra- Raphael, as there is between their namesakes, the fighting, were his most gratifying amusements, in ordinary will come to pass, and will not." No one warlike archangel Michael, in · Paradise Lost,' and which he passed his time, after his business was could understand the sense of this enigina; however, Raphael, “the affable archangel.” But we must finished. When he came home in the evening, and it was soon explained; for a goblet in the hands of

own it appears to us, that Raphael, by a little ex- found his wife reading the bible, or some other Nero was struck with lightning, and yet he himself aggeration, could have done all that Michael Angelo edifying book, he began to swear in a dreadful escaped unhurt. This, according to the admirers of did; whereas Michael Angelo could not have com- manner, and to say to her, “ Thou canting pictistic Apollonius, was the remarkable thing which was to posed himself into the tranquil perfection of Ra. Dknowest thou not, that I will not have thee happen and not to happen.Dalrymple's Annals of phael. Raphael's Gods and Sybils are as truly grand riad?” He then seized her by the hair, dragged Seotland

as those of Buonarroti ; while the latter, out of an in- her about upon the ground, and beat her, till the





blood gushed from her nose and mouth; however, as meek as he had been previously wrathful and ther alone, or combined with other animal subshe did not say a word, but when he left off, she daring, and as heartily pious as he had before been

stances,--then it is easily digested and assimilated. embraced his knees, and besought him with many impious.

Ozmazome is obtained by the washing in cold tears, to be converted and change his course of This man would have been a subject for my water of any brown flesh : an extract is made of it, life; he then kicked her away from him with his friend, Lavater. The expression of his countenance

which is not nutritive, but which acts on the vital feet, and said, “That I will not, thou wretch! I was the maddest and wildest in the world; it (propriétés) properties in a manner eminently stimuwill be no hypocrite, like thee.” He treated her needed only a single passion, for instance, anger, lating, it penetrates the whole system of circulation in the same manner, when he knew that she had to be excited, and the animal spirits required only excites the power of assimilation, and determines the been in company with other pious people. In this to extend every muscle of his face, and he would chyliferous vessels to appropriate to themselves a way he had acted ever since his wife had been of have appeared raging mad. But now he is like a greater proportion of the nutritious principles. different sentiments to himself, But now, only lion turned into a lamb. Peace and serenity are Now, it will be readily conceived that, the flesh of within the last few days, Freymuth had become impressed upon every muscle of his countenance, adult animals, containing at once fibrine and gelatine, intirely changed, and that in the following man- and this gives him an aspect as pious as it was pre. the properties of which are advantageously modified viously brutal.

by ozmazome, would be the food best adapted for Freymuth took his departure for the fair at

lymphatic constitutions, where there is a disposition Frankfort. During this time, his wife was intirely

to scrophula, and in all cases where the organs at liberty to live as she pleased; she not only went


require stimulus; but, for the same reasons, it should to visit other friends, but also occasionally invited [The following article, translated from a local work

be taken very moderately by those who are inclined to a considerable number of them to her house; this

on · Boulogne sur Mer,' applies particularly to the plethora, to active hæmorrhages, or other accute she did, also, last Easter fair. Once, when many edible productions of that place; but it bears a

affections. It would be particularly injurious to of them were assembled in Freymuth's house, on a general interest; for who is not interested in eating

nervous temperaments, and wherever there is any Sunday evening, and were reading, praying, and and drinking? And the French are considered to

irritation of the organs of sensibility, unless tem. singing together, it pleased the mob not to suffer

have advanced a step before us in the chymical analysis pered by a mixture of vegetable food. this; they came, and, first of all, broke all the of nutritive substances. ]

What we have said of the Aesh of animals applies windows within their reach, and, as the house door

The animal productions that serve the purpose of equally well to poultry. Domestic fowl have white was fastened, they burst it open with a strong pole. nutrition are the muscles, membranes, and all the

flesh, similar in its effects to that of young quadrupeds ; The company in the parlour were alarmed and tissues of the ox, the sheep, the pig, the hare, the

whereas wild fowl and game in general have brown terrified, and everyone sought to hide himself as rabbit

, poultry, wild fowl, and a great variety of flesh, more resembling that of adult quadrupeds. well as he could. Madame Freymuth alone re- fish; both sea and fresh-water fish; together with

Fish do not, like birds and quadrupeds, contain mained, and, on hearing the house door broken shell-fish and crustacea. In each of these substances

the principle which stimulates the digestion; they open, she stepped out with a light in her hand.

reside certain principles which concur with remark- contain, however, a large proportion of nutriment, Several of the mob had already burst in, whom she


energy in the formation of chyle, and the quick the absorption of which is more or less easy in differmet in the hall, She smiled at the people, and reparation of all the powers: — these are gelatine,

ent individuals. There are, indeed, persons who can said, good humouredly, “ Neighbours ! what is it you fibrine, albumine, and ozmazome ; but these nutritive only eat particular kinds of fish; and others to want ?” immediately they were as though they had principles do not always exist in the same propor

whom it is altogether injurious, and in whom it exreceived a beating; they looked at each other, were

tions. They vary according to the age and species cites an ardent thirst. The immediate action of fish ashamed, and went quietly home again. The next of the animal. Gelatine abounds in young animals;

on the animal economy, is not direct, like that morning Madame Freymuth sent for the glazier and

in adult animals, fibrine predominates. Albumine is manifestly produced by any aliment in which osmacarpenter, in order to restore everything to its found, more or less, in all. Ozmazome is scarcely

zome predominates ; neither are the fluids and solids proper state; this was done, and scarcely was all present at all, in the calf and pullet; but in the ox,

renewed, as by gelatine or fibrine ; but in a manner finished, when her husband returned from the fair. and other full-grown animals, it is very abundant.

much more calm. To this property, may, in a great He immediately observed the new windows, and It is to this substance that broth owes its colour, its

measure, be referred the constitution of our seamen ;. therefore asked his wife how that had happened? aromatic odour, and agreeable flavour.

it is also to the mild and tranquil digestion of this She told him the pure truth circumstantially, and In examining their mode of action on the animal food that we may attribute the uniformity of their concealed nothing from him, but sighed, at the economy, it will not be difficult to distinguish the actions and habits. same time, in her mind, to God for assistance ; for cases in which one or the other of these substances Some authors have written that fish produce obstishe believed nothing else out tha she would be should be perferably employed.

nate cutaneous affections, ulcers, adynamic fevers, dreadfully beaten. Freymuth, however, did not

Gelatine is obtained by a decoction in water of all

and scurvy. We think that there has not been suffi. think of that, but was mad at the outrage of the the soft parts of animals ; but particularly the skin,

cient distinction made here between the salt and mob. His intention was to take cruel revenge the tendons, membranes, and glands. The bones, also,

smoked fish, and the fresh. Sharp seasonings may upon the villains, as he called them; he, therefore, being pulverised, furnish a great quantity. It does

affect the skin and the vital fluids ; we bave often commanded his wife, with threats, to tell him who not digest as easily as is commonly believed. This

observed these effects; but scorbutic diseases, and they were that had committed the outrage, for she mistaken notion causes it to be lavished on the con

cutaneous affections, in general, are extremely rare had seen and recognized them.

valescent, and generally on

those whose failing among our seamen ; whence we conclude that fish !. “Yes, dear husband!" said she, “I will tell strength is the result of a bad state of the organs of is a wholesome food, proper in all cases not requirthee; but I know a still greater sinner than they digestion.

It is very nourishing, but too relaxing. ing a stimulating diet. all together; for there was one who, for the very When fit does digest, it speedily produces an

The most common shell-fish in Boulogne, used as same reason, beat me most dreadfully.”

bonpoint, the character of which is, the paleness and food, are oysters, les peignes, and muscles. Oysters Freymuth did not understand this as it was softness of the flesh. Gelatine is never strictly pro

are easy of digestion, and may agree with weak stomeant; he flew into a passion, beat upon his per, unless all the animal functions are in a healthy machs; but they are rather relaxing. Robust persons breast, and roared out, • May the D- fetch state, and in cases where a meagre state of body is

eat considerable quantities of them without incon. him and thee too, if thou dost not this moment not the result of any derangement of the stomach. venience, their relaxing properties tending to correct tell me who it was. Z" Yes," answered Madame For temperaments in which the white fluids predo- the effects of too nourishing a diet. Les peignes, Freymuth, “I will tell thee; revenge thyself upon

minate, its relaxing properties should be corrected by analogous to oysters in texture, are far from being as him as much as thou wilt; thou art the man that aromatics or some other stimulant, such as wine, easy cf digestion ; and, though boiled with aromatics did it, and art, therefore, worse than the people who spices, &c.—the mode of action is then totally differ- and other provocations, are proper only for persons only broke the windows.” Freymuth was mute, and ent, and it becomes essentially tonic and strength- of very strong digestion. In all other cases, they are as if struck by lightning ; he was silent awhile; at ening.

not only improper (contraire) but positively injurious. length he began, “ God in heaven, thou art in the

Fibrine constitutes more particularly the flesh of Muscles, from their abundance on the rocks bathed right! I have certainly been a real villain! I am

animals; it is generally easy of digestion. It fur- by the sea on the coast of Boulogne furnish a comwishing to revenge myself on people who are better nishes a large proportion of chyle, and leaves little or mon article of food, and are a most important resource than I! Yes, wife! I am the most wicked wretch no residuum; it enriches the constitution by increas

for the poor. Mucous as oysters, they act in the upon earth! He jumped up, ran up stairs to his ing the size and strength of all the tissues, quickens same manner on the animal economy; but they are bed-room, lay there three days and three nights, the sensibility, and gives energy and activity to all the justly mistrusted, because it sometimes happens that flat upon the ground, ate nothing, and only occa- functions. But to obtain these results, it is necessary they produce serious indigestions, attended with viosionally took something to drink. His wife kept that the fibrine should be united with osmazome ; lent pains in the head and stomach, difficulty of him company as much as she could, and helped otherwise, its effects will be nearly the same as those breathing, puffing of the face, and a red, sharp, and him in prayer, that he might obtain favour with of all the white parts of animals.

stinging eruption over the whole body; momentary God, through the Redeemer.

Albumine, of which the white of an egg is wholly coryza, and sometimes convulsions. It is remarkable On the morning of the fourth day, he rose with formed, and the greater part of the yolk, is coagulated that these effects do not depend upon the quantity his mind at ease, praised God, and said, “I am and hardened by heat to a degree that resists all

For example : several persons will make a now assured that my grievous sins are forgiven efforts of digestion. Its nutritive properties, ana- plentiful repast on muscles, and not be at all incom

From that moment he has been quite lagous to those of milk, are not to be relied on, un- moded ; one of the party will eat but two or three, another man, as humble as he was proud before, less when it is employed in a half-liquid state, whe- and, a short time after, will experience the effects we


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have described; on another occasion, perhaps, all the viciated, as in scurvy; or where debility and poverty intirely animal diet. According to these principles, party will be affected, more or less, in a similar of blood announce a deficiency of the nourishing the more or less proportion of either should be deWhat can we conclude from this irregu- juices.

termined by the constitution of the individual. larity, but that muscles have sometimes poisonous

Farinaceous vegetables are valuable aliments,

Fruits are not generally considered as food, but properties, dependant upon the state of their fluids, gentle in their action; and a mixture of them with ani- rather as accessories en raison of the quantity of sacthe nature of the substances on which they feed, or mal productions, is, in some sort, the complement of charine, acidulous, or oily matter they may contain; the degree of purity of the waters in which they live? the nourishment of man : but their quantity should

the mucilage with which these principles are united, There may also be some predisposition of the sto. be proportioned to the constitution, and to the pre

however, gives them nutritive properties more or less mach, favourable to the action of these properties. dispositions which, according to sex or age,


But the observation of a long course of years has
the liability to different affections.

The sweet fruits used in Boulogne are apricots, demonstrated, that the muscles taken on the rocks of

Bread made of pure wheat is the best and the plums, and the dried fruits, as figs, raisins, &c. The Equihen, which are uncovered only in very low

sugar makes them particularly desirable—it is of easy lightest ; all its principles are almost intirely abtides, are rarely unwholesome; whereas those taken

sorbed. That in which other flour is introduced digestion ; its assimilation is almost complete. Pers nearer to the coast are by no means so wholesome.

sons who use a great quantity soon become em-bonsuch as barley, rye, oats, or the fecula of potato, is This shows that their poisonous properties depend not only more compact, but also slower of digestion. point

, and even plethoric; but at the same time it partly upon the causes we have assigned. It seems,

seems that they are slower in their movements, and The former suits best for sedentary or inactive perhowever, that the brown tubercle in the centre, vul

deficient in activity, which always depends on the sons, because their digestive powers have less energy; garly called the tongue, is the most common cause

but the second is best for the working classes. It elasticity of the muscles. The sensibility also is of indigestion—for those persons who are careful to

somewhat diminished, and the brain appears to act makes them less sensible of the imperious calls of remove this are not incommoded. It is observed,

with more calmness and tranquillity. But when the hunger, during the hours devoted to labour. Hot also, that if the muscle be moistened in vinegar,

sugar contained in the fruit presents itself in the form bread is always heavier than stale; and in all cases, before it is eaten, its ill qualities are neutralized. It

of a mass of sweet mucus, then its mode of action crust digests more readily than crumb, because the is important, then, always to observe this rule, if one

differs, and this new substance becomes relaxing, oclatter, being much softer, requires little mastication; would avoid accidents, always accompanied with pain, while the former, being more masticated, absorbs more

casions flatulence, &c. and all the crgans are weakanxiety, &c. &c.

ened. These effects are especially remarkable in desaliva, and demands less effort on the part of the

licate persons, and persons of weak digestion. The crustacea are not rare in the country; but they stomach. Long mastication is absolutely necessary

Sweet fruits are a great resource for convalescents, eat only the crab, the lobster, and the shrimp. They to an easy digestion. Too little attention is paid to are difficult of digestion, especially the two first. this fact, and to this omission many evils are attribut

and in all cases where it is desirable to increase nu

trition ; but then two conditions are necessary :-the Though they all form a solid and very nourishing able. It cannot be too earnestly recommended to food, they ought not to be used without aromatics weak and delicate persons to divide and temper their first, that these fruits should contain as little mucus and spices sufficiently stimulating to prevent indi- food in the mouth, as completely as possible, before

as possible; the other, that the stomach be strong gestion ; even then, they are only fit for strong and it is entrusted to the stomach.

enough to overcome their laxative influence. In such

cases this nourislıment, judiciously mingled with subvigorous stomachs.

The Leguminous. In the number of aliments of

stances slightly stimulant, will give strength to the The lobster is liable to affections which sometimes

this kind, it is necessary to comprebiend the roots of constitution; but it will be readily conceived that it render it unwholesome. Its ill properties reside certain vegetables, their leaves, their stalks, their

must be injurious whenever there is the least predis-
especially in a red substance called the coral, which
seeds, and even their flowers. These parts contain

position to plethora or inflammation.
is neither more nor less than the eggs, still very
different degrees of nutriment, and ought to be

The most common of the acid fruits are gooseber-
small, and placed in the interior of the body. On
gathered at the most favourable period of vegetation.

ries, currants, cherries, strawberries, apples, pears, the 1st of September 1824, five persons suffered from

Thus, carrots, lettuces, asparagus, gourds, peas, cauliindigestion, followed by prostration of strength, flowers, &c. are used only when the roots, leaves, peaches, raspberries, mulberries, oranges, and lemons.

Though the acetic, citric, malic, and moric acids conhiccough, violent colics, faintings, and other symptoms stalks, seeds, &c. respectively, abound with sap; and

tained in these fruits is always mingled with a conof the most alarming nature in consequence of each contains the nourishing and peculiar juices des

siderable quantity of sugary mucus, they are not nueating of a lobster, with the flesh of which was mixed tined to the full growth of the vegetable. In fine,

tritious, but rather exercise their influence in exciting the coral, cut in small pieces. An evident proof if the stalks were fully developed, the roots would

the appetite, and favouring the digestion of other become dry and woody, the leaves hard and cortacethat it was the coral that caused the evil was, that a

substances eaten at the same time. ous; they would no longer be susceptible of diges- however, that they be eaten in moderation, otherwise

It is necessary, sixth person, who was of the party, having had the

tion, and would even cease to be nutritious. precaution to put aside the morsels of that part which

they will occasion serious disorders. One of the had fallen to his share, suffered no inconvenience

Two parts necessarily exist in vegetables : the one

most sensible effects of acid fruits is their action on whatever. As it has not been ascertained at what

contains all that is alimentary—it is the mucilaginous the circulation. The pulse beats slower ; the animal precise period the lobster becomes unwholesome, and it extract; the other is the vegetable fibre, which will

heat is modified in a remarkable manner. The celis impossible exactly to describe any characters by not digest, and is constantly rejected. Now, it may

lular tissue is clogged, and this explains why the frewhich that state may be recognized, it is advisable be said, that the more mucilage any vegetable sub

quent use of acids often brings on a state of leanness; habitually to reject the coral. stance may contain, and the less of the fibrous part,

but a moderate use of them, especially when the the more it is susceptible of assimilation.

The legu

weather is very warm, gives to the whole frame a senminous are by no means so nutritious as the farina

sation of refreshing coolness that is very

useful. The various vegetables used as food, differ as well ceous vegetables; and produce but a small proportion

The oily fruits gathered in this country are nuts in their action on the animal economy, as in the of chyle.

and walnuts; but almonds and cocoa-nuts also are quantity of nutriment they contain. As our limits The effects of a constant diet of this kind are not

used. Alone, they are hard of digestion, and will not allow us to examine each severally, we shall difficult to distinguish : the stomach, wearied by the although the oil they contain, united with the vegeseparate them into sections, comprehending all the sweet moist mucilage of leguminous substances, fur- table pulp, affords a sufficiency of nutriment, it is analogies. nishes to the assimilative agents but little nutrition,

necessary to their digestion that they should be masThe Farinaceous. Of these vegetables, wheat is and peculiarly relaxing ; thus, the contractibility of ticated until every particle be completely crushed. If undoubtedly the one most generally employed. The the heart is weakened, the skin loses its colour, and

not thus carefully divided, the stomach is wearied abundance of gluten and nutritious matter that enter

the vital properties of all the tissues become singu- with vain efforts to digest them. These fruits are into its composition, render it preferable for the larly relaxed; the blood itself becomes more liquid ;

never better assimilated than when fresh, and intirely making of bread; it digests with the greatest facility, and a full and swollen appearance often announces the triturated with the salivary juices, and never more and furnishes a large portion of chyle. The exclu. want of energy of the acquired constitution. Such

unwholesome than when they are stale, and their oily sive use of this kind of food, however, occasions a diet, then, is contra-indicated for persons of weak and particles have begun to lose their purity. Oily fruits superabundance of blood. Great bread-eaters have feeble habit, and especially for those in whom the

are in general softening, and their action on the the vascular system full; the pulse, though strong,

white fluids predominate. Neither are they proper several systems of organs tend to moderate their remarkably slow; and in general, a tendency to ple- for persons whose organs of locomotion have need of

functions. Thus, persons who make great use of thora. Their muscles become more strong and rovigour and activity ; nor those in whom an habitual

them are stout without being strong; their sensibust, but they have not the quickness of movement, state of indolence betrays the languor of the

bility is in some sort dulled, and the understanding and the elasticity of persons who live upon more functions, and the imminence of a leuco-phlegmatic

dormant. stimulating food. The functions of the mind also

and weak habit of body; but, on the contrary, a have less activity, and the sensibility seems blunted. vegetable diet may be employed to great advantage, This state of apparent calmness always conceals the where the thickening of the blood disposes to an inelements of inflammatory maladies, intense in pro- flammatory state. This regimen is no less proper

Ile that thinks best of man, thinks most worthily portion to the more or less superabundance of the when it is desirable to temper nervous susceptibility.

of God. Man, savage man,—and of civilised man sanguine fluid.

Such a diet is improper, therefore, Unless in such cases as we have mentioned, legu- the more ignorant and besotted classes, like the devils, for persons of a strong and stout constitution, or per

minous vegetables, mingled with different kinds of believe and tremble; not so he who keeps ever in his sons subject to hæmorrhage, to the impulsion of blood meat, compose the best and most wholesome dict, be- view the high destinies of humanity; he, whatever to the head, &c., but it would be useful in cases of cause this mixture of the two is more strengthening be his creed, believes and loves.- Outline of a system great nervous irritability, when the hematose is than vegetables alone, and less stimulating than an of Educalion,



ron and his fairies we are launched at once into the It had been suggested to us, that the · MidsumCHARACTERS OF SHAKSPEARE'S

empire of the butterflies. How beautifully is this mer Night's Dream'- would do admirably to get PLAYS.

race of beings contrasted with the men and women up as a Christmas after-piece; and our prompBY WILLIAM HAZLITT.

actors in the scene, by a single epithet which Titania ter proposed that Mr Kean should play the part NO. VIII. --THE MIDSUMMER NIGHT'S DREAM.

gives to the latter, “the human mortals !” It is as- of Bottom, as worthy of his great talents. He Bottom the Weaver is a character that has not had tonishing that Shakspeare should be considered, not mnight, in the discharge of his duty, offer to play justice done him. He is the most romantic of me- only by foreigners, but by many of our own critics,

the la

like any of our actresses that he pleased, chanics.

And what a list of companions he has ! - as a gloomy and heavy writer, who painted nothing the lover or the tyrant like any of our actors that he Quince the Carpenter, Snug the Joiner, Flute the

but “gorgons and hydras, and chymeras dire." His pleased, and the lion like “ the most fearful wildBellows-mender, Snout the Tinker, Starveling the subtlety exceeds that of all other dramatic writers, fowl living." The carpenter, the tailor, and joiner, Tailor; and then, again, what a group of fairy at- insomuch that a celebrated person of the present day it was thought, would hit the galleries. The young tendants, Puck, Peaseblossom, Cobweb, Moth, and said that he regarded hiin rather as a metaphysician ladies in love would interest the side-boxes; and Mustard-seed! It has been observed that Shaks.

than a poet.
Ilis delicacy and sportive gaiety are

Robin Goodfellow and his companions excite a lively peare's characters are constructed upon deep phisio- infinite. In the Midsummer Night's Dream ' alone, fellow-feeling in the children from school. There logical principles; and there is something in this we should imagine, there is more sweetness and

would be two courts, an empire within an empire, play which looks very like it. Bottom the Weaver, beauty of description than in the whole range of

the Athenian and the Fairy King and Queen, with who takes the lead of French poetry put together. What we mean is

their attendants, and with all their finery. What an this, that we will produce out of that single play opportunity for processions, for the sound of trum“ This crew of patches, rude mechanicals,

ten passages, to which we do not think any ten pas- pets and glittering of spears! What a futtering of That work for bread upon Athenian stalls," sages in the works of the French poets can be op

urchins' painted wings; what a delightful profusion follows a sedentary trade, and he is accordingly repre- posed, displaying equal fancy and imagery. Shall of gauze clouds and airy spirits floating on them! sented as conceited, serious, and fantastical. He is we mention the remonstrance of Helena to Hermia, Alas, the experiment has been tried, and has ready to undertake anything and everything, as if or Titania's description of her fairy train, or her disa failed; not through the fault of Mr Kean, who did it was as much a matter of course as the motion of putes with Oberon about the Indian boy, or Puck's not play the part of Bottom, nor of Mr Liston, who his loom and shuttle. He is for playing the tyrant, account of himself and his employments, or the did, and who played it well, but from the nature of the lover, the lady, the lion. “ He will roar that it Fairy Queen's exhortation to the elves to pay due things. The • Midsummer Night's Dream,' when shali do any man's heart good to hear him ;” and attendance upon her favourite, Bottom; or Hippo. acted, is converted from a delightful fiction into a this being objected to as improper, he still has a re- lita's description of a chace, or Theseus's answer ? dull pantomime. All that is finest in the play is source in his good opinion of himself, and “will roar

The two last are as heroical and spirited as the others lost in the representation. The spectacle was grand; you an 'twere any nightingale.” Snug the Joiner is

are full of luscious tenderness. The reading of this but the spirit was evaporated, the genius was fled. the moral man of the piece, who proceeds by mea.

play is like wandering in a grove by moonlight: the Poetry and the stage do not agree well together. surement and discretion in all things. You see him descriptions breathe a sweetness like odours thrown The attempt to reconcile them in this instance fails

“ Have with his rule and compasses in his hand. from beds of flowers.

not only of effect, but of decorum. The ideal can you the lion's part written ? Pray you, if it be, give

Titania's exhortation to the fairies to wait upon

have no place upon the stage, which is a picture it me, for I am slow of study."- |_“You may do it

Bottom, which is remarkable for a certain cloying without perspective: everything there is in the foreextempore,” says Quince, “for it is nothing but

sweetness in the repetition of the rhymes, is as ground. That which was merely an airy shape, a roaring.” Starveling the Tailor keeps the peace, follows:

dream, a passing thought, immediately becomes an and objects to the lion and the drawn sword. “I

unmanageable reality. Where all is left to the im. believe we must leave the killing out when all's done." “ Be kind and courteous to this gentleman;

agination (as is the case in reading) every circumStarveling, however, does not start the objections Hop in his walks, and gambol in his eyes,

stance, near or remote, has an equal chance of being himself, but seconds them when made by others, as Feed him with apricocks and dewberries,

kept in mind, and tells according to the mixed imif he had not spirit to express his fears without en- With purple grapes, green figs and mulberries;

pression of all that has been suggested. But the couragement. It is too much to suppose all this The honey-bags steel from the humble-bees,

magination cannot sufficiently qualify the actual imintentional : but it very luckily falls out so. Nature And for night tapers crop their waxen thighs,

pressions of the senses. Any offence given to the includes all that is implied in the most subtle analyti. And light them at the fiery glow-worm's eyes,

eye is not to be got rid of by explanation. Thus cal distinctions; and the same distinctions will be

To have my love to bed, and to arise :

Bottom's head in the play is a fantastic illusion, profound in Sha! eare. Bottom, who is not nly And pluck the wings from painted butterflies,

duced by magic spells: on the stage, it is an ass's chief actor, but stage-manager for the occasion, has a To fan the moon-beams from his sleeping eyes; head, and nothing more ; certainly a very strange device to obviate the danger of frightening the ladies : Nod to him, elves, and do him courtesies." “ Write me a prologue, and let the prologue seem to

costume for a gentleman to appear in. Fancy can

The sounds of the lute and the trumpet are not not be embodied any more than a simile can be say, we will do no harm with our swords, and that Pyramus is not killed indeed; and for better assur

more distinct than the poetry of the foregoing pas- painted; and it is as idle to attempt it as to personance, tell them that I, Pyramus, am not Pyramus,

sage, and of the conversation between Theseus and ate wall or moonshine. Fairies are not incredible, but Bottom the Weaver: this will put them out of Hippolita.

but fairies six feet high are so. Monsters are not fear." Bottom seems to have understood the sub- “ THEseus. Go, one of you, find out the forester,

shocking, if they are seen at

a proper distance. ject of dramatic illusion at least as well as any mo- For now our observation if perform'd;

When ghosts appear at mid-day, when apparitions dern essayist. If our holiday mechanic rules the

And since we have the vaward of the day

stalk along Cheapside, then may the • Midsummer roast among his fellows, he is no less at home in his

My love shall hear the music of my hounds.

Night's Dream' be represented without injury at new character of an ass, “ with amiable cheeks, and

Uncouple in the western valley, go,

Covent-garden or at Drury-lane. The boards of a fair large ears." He instinctively acquires a most Despatch I

theatre and the regions of fancy are not the same learned taste, and grows fastidious in the choice of

and find the forester.

We will, fair Queen, up to the mountain's top,

dried peas and bottled hay. He is quite familiar
with his new attendants, and assigns them their parts

And mark the musical confusion with all due gravity. Of hounds and echo in conjunction.

A SAMPLE OF “ Monsieur Cobweb, good Monsieur, get your weapon in your hand, and kill

HIPPOLITA. I was with Hercules and Cadmus

THE SPELLING OF THE LADIES IN me a red-hipt humble-bee on the top of a thistle, and,

THE TIME OF CHARLES I. good Monsieur, bring me the honey-bag.” What an

When in a wood of Crete they bay'd the bear exact knowledge is here shown of natural history!

With hounds of Sparta ; never did I hear

[From the Memoirs of Dr Basire.' The letter Puck, or Robin Goodfellow, is the leader of the

was written to him during his exile in the royal

Such gallant chiding. For, besides the groves, fairy band, He is the Ariel of the Midsummer

The skies, the fountains, every region near

cause, by his wife, a lady of a good family, and an Night's Dream ;' and yet as unlike as can be to the

excellent woman. Our extract is followed by a Seem'd all one mutual cry. I never heard So musical a discord, such sweet thunder.

passage or two from her other letters.]

From Eglesclif, Feb. 19. 1661. Theseus. My hounds arc bred out of the Spar

“ My Dearest -I Haue receiued yowrs from tan kind,

Missina, dated the last of November, which is all I he woes he inflicts.

So flew'd, so sanded, and their heads are hung

haue receiued sens S. Jorkes day. I haue and shal With ears that sweep away the morning dew;

praise God for his gracious providens over you, in Crook-knee'd and dew-lap'd, like Thessalian bulls, delivering you from the Pope and fryars envie. I Slow in pursuit, but matched in mouth like bells,

pray God to prosper you stil in the good successe of A cry more tuneable

your ministery, and to continue your prudence and care or yourself. I am sory for your deare frend deth.

Thoue you are not plesed to nam him, yet I thinke I know him-Ser John Gudrike brother.

He tould me his brother was dide of a pluresy as he so fresh and lusty, and so near the first

ages of the and desired me to remember him to you. sowe

was in his voyage for Englon. He axed me for you, him as I was retorning from bringing my Lady

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Ariel in · The Tempest.' No other poet could have made two such different characters out of the same fanciful materials and situations. Ariel is a minister of retribution, who is touched with a sense of pity at

Puck is a mad-cap sprite, full of wantonness and mischief, who laughs at those whom he misleads“ Lord, what fools these mortals be !" Ariel cleaves the air, and executes his mission with the zeal of a winged messenger ; Puck is borne along on his fairy errand like the light and glittering gossamer before the breeze. He, is indeed, a most epicurean litile gentleman, dealing in quaint devices, and faring in dainty delights. Prospero and his world of spirits are a set of moralists : but with Obe

Each under each.
Was never halloo'd to, nor cheer'd with horn,
In Crete, in Sparta, nor in Thessaly:
Judge when you hear."-

a -piece a gusto

world as this.

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