« السابقةمتابعة »
BY LORD HAILES.
AN ATTEMPT TO TRANSLATE THE ABOVE.
Blaxton in hear going to see Ser Willam her hus
ON THE DEATH OF HIS WIFE IN band, wich is a presnor at Moretoke casel neare A Lovely sisterhood of nuns ye seem,
CHILD-BED OF TWINS. Coventry. My lady now is at London, waiting if
White-hooded, in your cloister of the snow; she can get him relest, and for the present is put of
A sweet society, charmed to forego with good words. Our dotter Mary is at hom with
[Sir David Dalrymple, Scotch lord of session, the
Delights, whose Eden is the summer beam, excellent writer of the “Annals of Scotland.' His me, she is (I praise God) a relegos child, and servesable to me. Mr llums hath tout her to rit. My
Sports of the field, and hauntings of the stream. friend Lord Woodhouselee says truly of the following lady had a great love and care of her. I found her
The lark will sing in heaven—the violet blow- lines, that it would not be easy to produce from the
The cuckoo shout—its star the primrose show, all her close and paid Mr Broune for teching her on
works of any modern Latin poet (he might have
When ye are fled, like music, or a dream. the verginalls. I shall have a care of all the rest as
added, or ancient,) a more delicate, tender effusion,
Sad am I for you, sweet ones! you must never much as in me lais. I ret to my frend Busby
or an idyllion of greater classical purity. It is a pity
Wave your white beauty 'mid the summer bloom : that the editor of • Blackwood,' or of the • Times,' or according to your desire about Isache, but never had
In life, death's sanctity must you endeavouransar from him. I very much desire if it ples
Mr Landor, or some other accomplished scholar, does
A sad content_irrevocable doom !
not make a selection of these classical amenities, and
Nature has fixed your fate-one cold for ever
give us them in a volume with notes and translations.
Winter your convent, and the snow your tomb. loves rising earlly to go to coul. When I tel him I
Our friend Mr Webbe should do it. We are sure
R. H. have had letter from you, he axes if you have
that men of genius, of all parties, would hail it with send for him.
* This Correspondent (whose sonnet affords encouragement and delight.] genuine proof that he has a right relish of the
Vidi, gemellos, et superbivi parens,
Fausti decus puerperi ;
At mox sub uno flebilis vidi parens
Condi gemellos cespite.
at all like us, a deep gratification- Keats's • Eve of Te, dulcis uxor! ut mihi sol occidit, prospring in your besnes and good settelment agine; St Agnes' is beautiful--this we felt before,'and now
Radiante dejectus polo !
Heu, solus, ac dubius feror!
I saw them, twins, a parent proud,
The blossoms of a happy bed :
A little while, a parent bow'd,
I saw them, through my tears, both dead. frend, Mrs Hungton, and her husband, are both ded, place with the highest- -or why do passages from his
But when thou left'st me too, sweet wife! and Mr John Kilinggoul. All the res of our neigh- poems come into the mind in the divine company of
Oh ! darkness smote me at noon-day. bours and our neighbours are as yet wall. My deare Shakspeare's and Milton's? I never read him with
Now through a lone and silent life respetes and seruies to your good frend Mr Tindal. out thinking of • Comus' and · The Midsummer
I stagger, nor can see my way. “ Yours as much as euer in the Lord, Night's Dream.' What a chaste antique witchery
L. H. • No more, thene ever,
there is in the • Eve of St Agnes !'-what pathos in “ F. B. (Frances Basire.)
• Isabella !'—and what a compass of mind and power “I praise God for all your contentedness to bare
in • Hyperion !'~to use his own words,-“ Might DESTRUCTION OF A SHIP AND ITS
half-slumbering on his own right arm.” You will,
CREW BY A WHALE.
Not boats only, but sometimes even ships are
destroyed by these powerful creatures. they are for vs, and how they cannot be auoided in
It is a well-authenticated fact, that an · American this lif.
whale ship, the Essex, was destroyed in the South “ My dearest, I shall not faille to looke thos plases
Pacific Ocean by an enormous Sperm Whale. in the criptur, and pray for you as becometh your
Musical Library. No. XI. Charles Knight.
While the greater part of the crow were away in the obedent wife and serunt in the Lord,
boats killing whales, the few people remaining on
board saw an enormous whale come up close to the the instrumental pieces, is one of the loveliest moveIn another letter she says—“I prais God I am very wall, and I cro fat."
ments we ever heard ; and very easy to play too ; it ship, and, when very near, he appeared to sink down is, therefore, to the taste, and within the power of
for the purpose of avoiding the vessel, and in doing In another :-“I want whit wain (white wine) to
so, he struck his body against some part of the keel,
can make the slightest use of his make pouthers in; heare is non to be got that is
which was broken off by the force of the blow, and finger-tips. Clementi's pianoforte piece is a useful god.”
floated to the surface; the whale was then observed study for youthful practitioners, and very pleasing. And again :- :-“ Dr Clarke and Dr Vealer liue of
to rise a short distance from the ship, and to come Ilandel's overtures we cannot think suitable to one some temberall mens thy haue, (live on some tempo- pair of hands, if to the pianoforte at all ; much less
with, apparently, great fury towards it, striking one ral means) but do not prech.”
of the bows with his head, with amazing force, and to the very simple style of arrangement adopted in Female education was strangely neglected in this the · Musical Library.' The vocal portion this time completelyistaving it in.” The ship, of course, imme
diately filled and fell over on her side, in which dreadhumble particular, up to a late period. Nor, indeed,
is not so good as it is wont to be. The madrigal is
ful position the poor fellows in the boats saw their
only home, and distant from the nearest land many till the middle of the last century.
We think we re-
hundred miles; on returning to the wreck, they found
the few who had been left on board, hastily conThere is a letter to him from his venerable mother,
rest ; a most charming, simple, expressive compo- gregated in a remaining whale-boat, into which they preserved in some of his editions, almost as full of insition it is. It is among the very best of inventions,
had scarcely time to take refuge before the vessel voluntary comedy as the above.
original, true, and belongs, not to this or that style capsized--they with difficulty obtained a scanty sup.
on the long and dreary passage before them, to the he calculate it by any process of algebra or acoustic
coast of Peru, to which they endeavoured to make science; but he found it in his own heart, and gave
the best of their way.
One boat was fortunately picked up by a vessel ask a person of learning to stay dinner, “ Has he air being played in the accompaniment makes it all
not far from the coast; in it were the only survivors read the book ?” quoth he. The answer was, “ No; the easier to sing ; but it very much deteriorates
of the unfortunate crew, three in number—the re. he is of a serious cast.” “ Then let him dine with from the effect of which it is capable; and if a
mainder having miserably perished under unheard-of the servants,” replied the Cardinal. As if there modern accompaniment be employed, it would have
suffering and privations. These three men were in could be no merit without reading that facetious been as well to have made it as good as modern im.
a state of stupefaction, allowing their boat to drift performance.
about where the winds and waves listed. One of these provements in arrangement could have enabled it to
survivors was the master : by kind and careful attenA REMARK WHICH WE BELIEVE TO BE WELL-FOUNDED. be. It might, nay, it ought, to have been quite as
tion on the part of their deliverers, they were eventIf a 'man keeps always perfectly sober, with an
simple; but the voice being unvaryingly in unison
ually rescued from the jaws of death, to relate the
melancholy tale.-[From a very interesting and comunscathed almost everywhere.— Alexander's Sketches very unpleasing sameness of effect.
prehensive little account, just published, of the Sperm, in Portugal.
Wale, its Fishery, 8c. Effingham Wilson, pp. 58.]
CARDINAL VIRTUES OF WIT.
But very frequently all his worldly of the ballad are not without merit, and the first is so A GENTLEMAN WITH A WIFE IN
possessions consist only of a shred of cloth and his beautiful, that it makes one impatient of the mediEVERY TOWN,
Brahminical string, by the magic influence of which, ocrity of the rest. The picture it presents has the [From the second volunge of the Hindoos' (just however, he sometimes possesses a harem of a hun- true ballad freshness and simplicity,--the truth told published),—a volume still more amusing than the dred and twenty ladies scattered over Bengal, each of in simple words. “ Regent,” perhaps, is not so well; first, and giving the most extraordinary pictures of whom is proud to call him husband, and looks but the rest is as fresh as the " summer night :" Hindostan, which (with admirable things in it) may forward to his distant and uncertain visitas be called, in many respects, the very hot-bed of ab
“ The dews of summer night did fall;
of rejoicing and jubilec. Numbers surdity. ]
The moon, sweet regent of the sky, convert these kinds of marriages into a pro
Silver'd the walls of Cumnor Hall,
no other means There exists in Bengal a particular tribe of Brah- fitable speculation, and possess
And many an oak that grew thereby.” mins, who conduct their marriages in a manner
of living At each new marriage large predifferent from that which prevails among other
sents are made them, which are renewed whenever We recollected this stanza: we had been repeating it, members of the same caste.
The history of this they visit their wives. Thus a Kulîna, having mar- like a tune, for a week past, till the communications tribe is as follows. Formerly, there existed in Ben- ried into fifty or a hundred families, passes from of our friends came to hand; and then were obliged gal but one order of Brahmins, called Satsati, all of house to house, where he is received with distinction, to comfort ourselves for the breaking of the spell, by whom were equal in honour. There was, conse
sumptuously entertained, and loaded at his departure thinking how kind and prompt they had been in quently, no powerful rivalry to stimulate to exertion, with presents, in the hope of tempting him soon to sending us so many copies within three days after the whether in virtue or learning, and the whole caste
In some cases the husband never sees the appearance of our request. insensibly sank into sloth and ignorance. For some wife after the nuptials; in others he visits her once,
We received the amazing anagram of our friend time this state of things continued undisturbed. perhaps, in three or four years. A Kulina of respect- T. T., and have not yet recovered of the perplexity But at length a prince arose, who, incensed at their able circumstances never lives with the wife, who re
into which it has thrown us as to whether our Readindolence and incapacity, and wishing to offer up, mains at the house of her parents; he sees her occa
ers would derive as amusing an astonishment from it by pious and skilful hands, a sacrifice, which he de- sionally, as a friend rather than as a husband, and he
as ourselves. signed to solemnize for obtaining rain, invited from dreads to have children by her, lest he should thereby
The • History of the Streets of London,' contained a neighbouring state five Brahmins of learning and sink in honour. In fact, to obviate this evil, they
in the Supplements, will have a copious index to it virtue capable of conducting the ceremony in a benever acknowledge the children born in the houses of
when concluded. coming manner. Their performance satisfied the their fathers-in-law.
We have no recollection of seeing the Latin monarch, who, as a reward, gave them grants of The prevalence of these preposterous customs is land; and from these five men, nearly all the Brah
version mentioned by Godfrey Grafton. His the cause of innumerable evils: the married women,
· Prayer' does great credit to his nature, but mins, now in Bengal, are supposed to be descended. neglected by their husbands, and still more their hosts
wants a little more vigour in some of the lines. The Nearly the same thing, however, happened to their of unmarried sisters, frequently indulge in
kind posterity as had happened to the Satsatis: ignorance, of debauchery and vice; while their husbands have following passage in his letter is of a kind which par
ticularly gratifies us :the vice which most easily besets mankind, intent, lately been found, to a most extraordinary extent, for the most part, on vulgar acquisitions, again crept
“ I do not believe there is a man on earth, even among the most daring robbers and banditti. in, and a second reform became necessary. Ballâlsêna,
among the worst of those whom the every-day, and therefore, King of Bengal, observing among the Brah
particularly 'decorous world shuns as 'blackguards,' mins a great lukewarmness in the performance of their
who has not in his heart of hearts some redeeming religious duties, determined to divide them into three
quality; and I do firmly believe that of all the puborders, distinguishing one as a peculiar order of merit, Henry de Lancaster, commander of the English
lications which issue from the press throughout to intitle a man to enter which the following qualifi- forces, invited the Knight of Liddesdale to combat
Great Britain, none is more calculated to cherish and cations were required : to observe the duties of the with him in the lists at Berwick. In the first course
draw out that kind of latent goodness than yours”; caste, to be meek and learned, of good report, to the Knight of Liddesdale was wounded by the break
and this I consider one of its greatest claims to possess a disposition to visit the holy places, to being of his own spear. This accident having inter
attention; yes, even a claim superior far to its litedevout, not to desire gifts from the impure, to delight rupted the sport, Henry Lancaster requested Alex- rary merit, though I am sure I shall not be accused in an ascetic life, and to be liberal and beneficent. ander Ramsay to bring twenty gentlemen with him
of underrating the latter." Those in whom these nine qualities were found, to encounter an equal number of English. The re
G. W. cannot do better than cultivate his taste for he denominated Kulinas ; those who possessed quest was complied with ; and the sports continued poetry, provided it be only the ornament of his lei. some, but were wanting in other qualities, were for three days. Two of the English combatants sure, and interfere with no duty of certainty. Even called Srotriyas ; while those, in whom none o. were killed on the field; nor was the loss of their the greatest poets, when they begin life, have no these signs of superiority could be discovered, were antagonists less considerable. The point of a spear
right to reckon upon their genius alone; especially termed Vansajas. pierced the brain of William de Ramsay. After
as it sometimes happens, that the greater the genius, The distinctions thus created, and which still conhaving been shrieved he expired in his armour. John
the less likely is it to be so generally understood by tinue to be observed with great tenacity, have given Hay, an eminent person among the Scots, received a
its contemporaries, as to be of worldly advantage to rise to the greatest enormities. A Kulîna may lawmortal wound. At this juncture, Patrick Graham
The great poet, therefore, must often fully give his son in marriage to the daughter of a happened to arrive from abroad. An English knight work like other men for a subsistence, and be conSrotriya, or even to a Vansaja ; but, in the second challenged him. “ Brother,” said Graham, pleasantly,
tent (as he well may) with his enjoyment of his case, on condition that his family, if the practice be "prepare for death, and confess yourself, and then
beautiful fancies and his prospect of fame. And the continued, shall sink to the level of a Vansaja. This you shall sup in Paradise.” And so it fell out, says
lesser must be glad that he too has a perception of danger, however, he generally confronts with great Fordun. He appears not to have felt any horror at
the beauties of nature, wherewith to solace himself readiness for a certain consideration; and the Sro- a scene, where brave men, without either national after his necessary tasks. triyas and Vansajas, vehemently ambitious of forming animosity, or personal cause of offence, lavished their The corrections kindly furnished us by F. will be connexions with the privileged class, consent to ex- lives in savage amusement.-— Dalrymple's Annals of made in the way he mentions. They have been acci. pend enormous sums of money to obtain Kulîna hus- Scotland.
dentally delayed, too late even for their appearance bands for their daughters. For this reason, the male
in the next number of the Supplement; but will youth of this class are generally engaged as soon as
certainly be found in the one following. born to women of the inferior tribes. But the con
The • Triumph of Cholera' is by no means destitriver of the rules, by which these people regulate We have to thank five of our Readers for supplying tute of merit; but it is too long for the London their conduct, neglected to provide for the daughters us with copies of the ballad of · Cumnor Hall.' One JOURNAL. of Kulinas, who are forbidden to marry out of their of them expresses a wish to have some remarks upon We thank G. for his letter : but he is mistaken in class, and, unless very wealthy, can find no husbands it; but upon further acquaintance it turns out to be identifying the occasional weakness of temperament in it. They therefore remain unmarried. Polygamy, hardly worth the compliment. The story, too, is he alludes to in the excellent individual in question, itself an evil, is frequently resorted to as a remedy to apocryphal. It is by no means certain that Leicester with the habit of the other. And the exclusiveness the inconvenience resulting from this arrangement. killed his wife; and Mr Sharon Turner, in his “His. hę speaks of, was as inclusive a thing as possible ; The Kulîna Brahmin, solicited and courted on all tory of England,' has given reasons for supposing, and repelled (as indeed he guesses) nobody who had sides, marries a number of wives, some from his own that if the Countess did die of a fall down stairs, it a hearty regard for any thing. That was the only class, to gratify his friends, others from among the was probably owing to accident,—a catastrophe of the qualification. inferior classes, through considerations of interest, to sort being by no means uncommon.
We have un- We have not room for the approbation given of us enrich himself, or to provide for himself a home in fortunately mislaid the paragraph we had copied from at such kind length by PHILOLOGUS; but it is duly various parts of the country, where he may be lodged Mr Turner ; but, if we remember rightly, he says, valued. So also the letter of E. L-s. and entertained without expense during his peregrin- that he himself had known three instances of such a ations from one place of pilgrimage to another. death. It is well-known, that Bruce the traveller,
LONDON: Published by H. HOOPER, Pall Mall East, and The women of his own class he commonly leaves after all his hair-breadth escapes in distant regions,
supplied to Country Agents by C. KNIGHT, Ludgate-street. at the houses of their friends; of the others he gener- died of a fall down stairs in his own house, while ally takes one to his own house, when he happens to showing some visitors out of it. The closing stanzas From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REYNELL, Little Pulteney-streete
TO ASSIST THE INQUIRING, ANIMATE THE STRUGGLING, AND SYMPATHIZE WITH ALL.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 11, 1835.
PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.
of Mothers, and Queen of all Things, of the con- therefore, are rendered as intense as they can be by
tempt of the scientific, and the indignation of the the infrequency. What signify the circumstances THE QUEEN-BEE DEPOSED! lovers of common sense.
that may have hindered them? Let them be butNATURE, Regina.
Given at our Court of the Winds, or ton-making, or bread-making, or a clerkship, or To Our Right Trusty and Well-Beloved Samuel
Flower-Trumpeters, this eleventh day servitude, or any other chance or condition of life, Bagster, Junior, Dr Edward Bevan, Captain
of the month of March, One Thousand what care we, provided the love be genuine, and Thomas Brown, William and Samuel Curtis, Dr
Eight Hundred and Thirty-five, and the pleasure truly felt? Burns was a ploughman, John Evans, Edward Jesse, William Kirby, John
in the Never-to-be-calculated Year of Allan Ramsay a hair-dresser, Gay at one time a our Reign.
mercer, Richardson a printer, Dodsley a footman. Claudius Loudon, James Rennie, William Spence, N. A. Vigors, and all and singular our bee-mas
Do we suppose that the authors of Sir Charles
Grandison,' • Black-Eyed Susan,' and the finest ters, entomologists, gardeners, naturalists, poets,
By Command, and others whom it may concern, GREETING :
love-songs in the world, did not make as cordial and EPHEMERIS LONDINENSIS.
exquisite lovers as the best-bred gentlemen about WHEREAS, by our singular good ordination,
town, and that their mistresses and they did not from time immemorial, our beloved and industrious
worship each other with a vivacity and a passion little households, called Bees, purveyors to us of honey
SUNDAY IN LONDON.
infinite ? and and singers of us to sleep by the side of our
Our Sunday lover, then, is an apprentice or a flowery brooks, have been, and are, and shall continue Hard is it, thou coming kindness, and hard thou clerk, and his mistress is a tradesman's daughter, to be, till we think fit to ordain otherwise, the issue, already-existing knowledge, and kindness too, of and they meet only on Sundays and Sunday evenmale and female, lawfully begotten; of one sole Chi tian philanthropists and philosophers, not to
ings, counting every minute till the time arrives, Mother and Matriarch, falsely called Queen, who feel a wish to take the cane out of the hands of listening to every knock, trying to look calm when ruleth, like other mothers of households, intirely in the beadle yonder, who is tyrannizing over barrow
the other joins the family party; for they seldom right of her motherhood, and solely because she is women and little boys, and lay it about his own
see one another alone even then. But now they are the parent of all and singular the males, females, hat. In the name of God, what sort of Christianity
at least in the same room, and happiness is with drones, workers, fighters, victuallers, sentinels, and would the law have, if it is not to be Christian ?
them. They see and hear each other; they see the all other denominations of bee whatsoever, separate -if it is not to prefer “spirit” to “ letter ?” There
little manœuvres to get a nearer seat; at length they or inclusive, and not because she resembleth in any
are some men, according to whose notions it would sit close together. The parents are not displeased, respect the human Sovereign known by the name of appear as if heaven itself ought to shut up shop and let things take their course. This is, perhaps, Queenon Sundays, and afford us no light and sunshine.
the happiest time of courtship—when lovers feel AND WHEREAS the said human Sovereign could We verily believe, that they think the angels go to
secure of one another's affections, and only have by no parity of right or reason, except in the sense church on that day, and put on clean wings, and just sufficient doubt of other security to make yclept metaphorical, be styled Mother or Matriarch that St Paul preaches a sermon.
everything seem dependent on themselves and the of the innumerable separate households, composing See now--here comes a little fellow whom they result of their own will and choice. By degrees, Kingdoms or Queendoms; but on the contrary would suppress, clean as a pink, far happier than a as the family divide in their talk, they are suffered would be justly and highly scandalised at the slightest prince, a sort of little angel himself, making al- to talk exclusively together. Every word is preintimation purporting that she was, in like and verit- lowance for the pug-nose ; but innocence and hap- cious; every question the most indifferent has a able manner, the actual mother and parent of all and piness are in his face, and before him (not to speak meaning: it is sufficient for one to say, “I like singular her Majesty's foot-soldiers, horsemen, vestry- it profanely) is the beatific vision of the piece of this,” or “ I like that,” and the other thinks it a men, noblemen, bishops, members of parliament, hot mutton, which he is carrying home from the charming observation—a proof of fine sense, corn-factors, hosiers, dyers, boot-makers, &c. &c. to baker's, and devouring with his eyes. He is an feeling, or taste, or, above all, of love ; for the eyes, the great confusion of terms and ideas, and detriment honest boy, for his mother has trusted him with
or the quivering lips, or the panting bosom, speak of her crown and dignity
carrying the meat and the baked potatoes ; and it with it, and the whole intercourse, whether speakAND WHEREAS, furthermore, the state or condition is the only bit of meat which he or she, or bis ing or silent, is one of intense acquiescence and of Motherhood, or Matriarchship, hath its own father, can get to eat all the week round; and his delight. A gentleman comes up and gallantly adrights, dignities, and sovereign powers, as We who little sisters are to have some of it, for they have
dresses some smiling remark to the lady; the lover, are both Queen and Mother well know, and standeth all been good, and helped to earn it; and so here
if he is not quite sure of her mind, begins to be in no need of honours otherwise derived
is a whole, good, hard-working, honest family, jealous. The gentleman moves off, and a remark And Whereas, most especially and lastly, it is of whom the religious eaters of hot meat every day
at his expense prostrates the lover's soul with gratiimportance to all classes and denominations of crea. would prevent from having their bit on Sundays, tude. The lady leaves the room to put a child to tures, to the furtherance of truth, and the operations because why? Because it would do the poor souls bed, or speak to a sister, or look after the supper, of right reason, and beneficence, that the terms and any harm? No; but because it would do their
and darkness falls upon the place. She returns, and ideas herein above-mentioned should be kept dis- rich dictators the harm of seeing their own prag- her footsteps, ber face, her frock, her sweet countetinct and well apprehended, each in its proper con- matical will and pleasure opposed, humours, the
nance, is thrice blessed, and brings happiness back fine and limitation, to the due glory of Me its ori- very result perhaps of their own stuffing and indi. again. She resumes her chair, with a soft“ thank ginator (for in Me art originateth), and to the com- gestion.
ye,” as he elaborately, and for no need whatsoever, fort and security of all things
A Sunday evening in London, with its musical
puts it in its best position for being resumed; and This is TO GIVE NOTICE, and other social meetings, such as cannot take place
never, he thinks, did soul, breath, and bosom, go so That from this present Wednesday the Eleventh
between men in business during the rest of the sweetly together as in the utterance of that simple of March, in the year One Thousand Eight Hun- week, has parties enough to render it much livelier phrase. For her part, she has, secretly, hardly any dred and Thirty-five, and henceforward through all
But the lovers—the lovers are the bounds to her gratitude ; and it is lucky that they time to come, in all books, poems, treatises, refer- thing. With them we begin, and with them we
are both excellent good people, otherwise the very ences, discourses, casual mention, and all and every
conclude ; for what so good to begin or to end with virtues of one or other of them might be their demention whatsoever, the said Mother or Matriarch
as love? We loved as early as we can recollect; struction. (Ah ! they will think of this in afterof the Bee-household, yclept the Hive, do cease and
we love now; and our death will be a loving one, times, and not look with severe countenances on the discontinue to be styled and intitled Queen, and be let it be coloured otherwise as it may.
victims of the less honourable.) At length they sit denominated, and reverenced solely under the deno- ! When we speak of lovers on a Sunday evening, looking over some pictures together, or a book. mination of Mother or Matriarchas aforesaid; we mean, of course, lovers who cannot well visit on which they are as far from reading as if they did no upon pain of our singular displeasure as the Mother any other day in the week; and whose meetings, see. They turn over the leaves, however, wit'
than it appears.
[From the Steam-Press of C. & W. REYNALL, Little Pulteney-street.]
charming hypocrisy, and even carry their eyes along tion; on various political and social institutionss; on them; but I have been very careful to use no such the lines; their checks touch-his brand meets: hers the condition of woman; nay, even on the very ob.. term without assigning the exact meaning of it. A
teclinical term unexplained is a dark spot on the by favour of the table-cloth or the handkerchief; its ject and end of the intire apparatus of society. These
field of knowledge; explained, it is a clear and pressure is returned ; you might hear their hearts opposite and jarring opinions have their origin in the beat, if you could listen. gross ignorance that prevails of that human nature, steady light.” This is the true way to deal with
teclinical terms Oh! welcome, war ; welcome, sorrow ;, welcome, whieh all this apparatus is constructed før the purfolly, mistake, perverseness, disease, death, disap- pose of influencing. The great majority of men
It is extremely difficult to make extracts from a pointment, all the ills of life, and the astonishments know absolutely nothing, even of the frame-work of
work like this. The volume contains a general view of man's soul! Those moments, nay, the recollec.
their bodies; could ignorance be more than ignore of life, as existing in the vegetable and in the animal ; tions of them, are worth the whole payment. Our
ant, one might say they are in a state of still greater the distinctive characters of the vegetable or organic, children will love, as we have loved, and so cannot: darkness relative to the operations of their minds; and the animal or sentient life, and the combination be wholly miserable. To love, even if not beloved, while, as to women, there is scarcely one who would of the two lives in the animal; the definition of is to have the sweetest of faiths, and riches fineless, not think there is a degree of impropriety in their so
structure and function; the progress of structure and which nothing can take from us but our own un.
much as thinking of sueh subjects ; and yet many of its increasing complexity, as the scale ascends from the worthiness. And once to have loved truly, is to
these persons are really anxious for their own im- vegetable to the animal, and from the lowest animal up know how to love everything which unlovingness provement, and sincerely desirous to promote the
to man; with a beautifully philosophical view of the has not had a hand in altering-all beauties of nawelfare of their fellow-beings.
cause of this increasing complexity, which is given time and of mind, all truth of heart, all trees, flowers, In this state of things, in this condition of darkness “not arbitrarily, but from absolute necessity," and skies, hopes, and good beliefs, all dear decays of on the one hand, and of opposite and conflicting opi- because “ the number, the superiority, the relation, person, fading towards a two-fold grave, all trusts in nicn on the other, the work before us seems to come the range, and the energy of the functions performed haven; all faiths in the capabilities of loving man. like the still small voice” that foliowed the whirl- by the higher being, require it. An account of Love is a perpetual proof that something good and wind and the storm, when the prophet was seeking the progressive advancement of life and of death fol. carnest and eternal is meant us, such a bribe and for God. It calls us back to Nature, and tells us lows. These subjects occupy the two first chapters. foretaste of bliss being given us to keep us in the about Humanity. It is truly an exposition. It The third is devoted to an exposition of the conclulists of time and progression: and when the world presents no theories; it advances no doctrines ; it sions deducible from the facts which have been de has realised what love urges it to obtain, perhaps opens to us facts; it details phenomena, and invites tailed; they are important, grand, and cheering. death will cease; and all the souls which love has us to come and see, and seeing, to use our under- That the end of organization and of life is the procreated, crowd back at its summons to inhabit their standings and form our conclusions. It is true phi- motion of happiness; that pleasure is the direct; the perfected worla.
losophy, If completed, as it is begun (for there is ordinary, and the gratuitous result of the action of Truly, we have finished our Sunday evening with but one volume yet published), it must be an exten- all the organs, and that the higher the organized, a rapt and organ-like note. Let the reader fancy he sive work; but, when completed, the date of its
structure the greater is the enjoyment to which it is has heard an organ indeed. Its voice is not, unapt publication will form an epoch in human existence. subservient; that pleasure flows from the exercise of for the production of such thoughts, in those who Sooner or later it must influence human minds, and
every faculty, and the higher the faculty the greater can rightly listen to its consummate majesty and its author must rank among the foremost of the the pleasure. That pain, though occasionally the warbling modulations. benefactors of humanity,
result, is always the accidental, never the ordinary [Something yet remains to be said of · Sunday in The scope of the work is well expressed in the result, and that it is self-destructive, while the tenthe Suburbs.')
title_ 'The Philosophy of Health ; or, an Exposi.. dency of pleasure is to its own increase and perpe
tion of the Physical and Mental Constitution of Man, tuity. The fourth chapter illustrates the bearing of 6 PHILOSOPHY OF HEALTH.'- with a view to the promotion of Human Longevity these facts on the duration of human life, and shows. One of our fáir Readers, not aware that we had de and Happiness ;' and the connexion and order of its both from physiology and from statistics that its
term is capable of being lengthened; that it has signed'a special attention to this new work by. De subjects is thus stated in the introduction : --" The Soutliwoad Sinith, has kindly forwarded it to us, object of the present work is to give a brief' and already been lengthened considerably; that longevity:
is a good, since it is only the best portion of human with the following letter and notice; the former of plain account of the structure and functions of the which we publish in accordance with the love we body, chiefly with reference to health and diseases
life which can be lengthened, namely, the period of bear to all genuine qualities, especially in a womanly. Tlvis is intended to be introductory to an account of maturity, all the others, infancy, childhood, adoles shapes and to the readiness which they evince for
cence, decay, being fixed within narrow limits, while the constitution of the mind, chiefly with reference waiving their self-love in belialf of more general to the development and direction of its powers:
that of maturity varies greatly at present according
to different circumstances, and there is no reason, considerations. We are also willing to let the world
There is a natural connexion between these subjects, see what a compliment she pays us, in likening our and an advantage in studying them in their natural
why, at any fixed period, it should end. public spirit to that of the author. The book (as order. Structure must be known before function,
The remaining three chapters give a general view might be supposed from a lady's thus writing about can be understood: hence the science of physiology
of the structure of the intire body, and a particular it) is unexceptionable in every conventional respecty
is based on that of anatomy. The mind is depende description of one of its functions--the circulation. as well as admirable in the rest.
ent on the body: hence an acquainance with the This part of the work is written with great care and
physiology of the body should precede the study of precision, and by the aid of a large number of diaTo the Editor of the London Journal. the physiology of the mind. The constitution of the
grams the subjects are made so clear, that no one "Sir, I have just enjoyed the exquisite pleasure of mind must be understood, before its powers and affec- who studies them with attention can fail to underreading the book I send to you.
I am a woman,
tions can be properly developed and directed: bence stand them, nor, understanding, to be deeply imand having long and deeply felt the want of such
a knowledge of the physiology of the mind is essen- pressed by the detail of mechanism so exquisiite, of knowledge as it imparts, and knowing how general tial to a sound view of education and morals.” contrivances so wonderful, of means adapted to ends the want is, I long to make public the out-pouring
How much such a work is needed, they best know,
in a mode far surpassing human skill, of a mysterious. of my own mind on having at last found the means, whose knowledge of human nature is most profound;
power at work which human skill cannot approach of satisfying it. I think. I perceive in you a kindred but to write it required a rare union of qualities-
the principle of life generating power instead of spirit to that which has animated the author, and I therefore send what I have written to you.
merely collecting it, and carrying on operations of I wish
the anatomist, the physiologist, the physician, the
which the results only can be appreciated, the mode that you should make whatever use you please of it,
Of Dr Southwood Smith's qualification for the great in which they are accomplished being beyond the and even if you can make none at all, I think you will, perhaps, thank me for calling your attention to
task he has undertaken, a judgment may be formed power of human intelligence to perceive. From this. the work, if it should have escaped your notice.
from that part of it which he has aceomplished. The part of the work it is impossible to make extraets ; it
volume before us is evidently the result of long and is a treatise complete in itself, which requires to be I am, Sir, with many thanks for the pleasure I so careful investigation. The arrangement of the mat
read in connexion and with care. It is from the often receive in reading the London Journal,
ter is such, that subject after subject is introduced third chapter, in which the conclusions to be deduced Respectfully yours, gradually and naturally, though extremely con- from the general view of human existence are laid
S. Y, densed; the descriptive part is full and complete; down, that they can best be taken, and, even from
the style is remarkable for clearness and simplicity; them, no adequate idea can be formed of the work. Prrosorry is the science of prineiples, and prin- it seems as 'if' no useless word" had been permitted Portions read separately. may seem like theory; read ciples are, or ought to be, the basis of institutions. to remain; yet the beauty and variety of the ideas in connexion they come with the force of demonstraand the guide of reforms whenever institutions be- conveyed by it give it the character of the highest tion; but the attempt must be made. coino inadequate or corrupt.. A mind accustomed to kind of eloquence. Considered as a popular work; P* We have been taught, step by step, that the vege the investigation of principles, and to the application it will be found perfectly intelligible to all' who table, or onganic life, builds up, and exists for the purof them to practical purposes, is sometimes painfully study it, and from it the child might be instructed' pose of building up, the animal lifes 6. What then is impressed by the narrowness and inadequacy of pro- how it is made. “ In the expository portion of the the oljeot of the animal life? That objeet, whatever posed measures of reform in which their advocates work,” Dr Smith continues in the introduction, “I it be, must be the ultimate end of organization, and! skerm disposed finally and contentedły to rest; and have not been anxious to abstain from the employ- of all the actions of which it is the seat and therios still more painfully affected by the opposite and' ment' of technical terms, when a decidedly useful strumentai. jarring opinions, that prevails for example, on eduga- purpose was to be obtained by the introduetion of “ Two functions, sensation and voluntary motions
ABLE CONSCIOUSNESS WHICH CONSTITUTES THE FEEL
ING OF HEALTH.
are combined in the animal 'life. Of these two the impression communicated to the sentient nerves
The state of health is nothing but
MARCH 11, 1544. At Sorrento, in the Bay of Naples, “ Is sensation, then, the ultimate object of organiza- the result of the due performance of the organic ortion? Simple sensation cannot be an ultimate ob- gans: it follows, that the feeling of health, the feel
of a noble family, Torquato Tassa, author of Jeru.
salem Delivered.' A grave, majestic, and true poetyject, because it is invariably attended with an ulti- ing which is ranked by everyone among the most
inferior however to Ariosto, and far inferior to mate result; for sensation is either pleasurable or pleasurable of existence, is the result of the action of
Dante, because he too often wrote like a poet of books, painful. Every sensation terminates in a pleasure or organs of whose direct operations we are unconscious.
instead of drawing upon his own primitive feelings; a pain. Pleasure or pain, the last event in the series, But the pleasurable consciousness thus indirectly exmust then be the final end. cited, is really the consequence of a special provision,
and indulged in pretty turns of words, even in his epic
poem. He was a man of a noble but somewhat “ Is the production of pain the ultimate ohjeet of established for the express purpose of producing organization? That cannot be, for the production pleasure. Processes
, in their own nature insensible, morbid nature, too sensitive to the dignity.of his.vo
which ultimately embroiled him with the
court he served, and, in conjunction with undinary, not the ordinary, result of the actions of life. over and above the special object they serve, they
Tasso has It follows that pleasure must be the ultimate object, may afford enjoyment. 'In this case, the production worthy treatment, disturbed his wits.
been abundantly made use of by Spenser and Milton. for there is no other of whicb it is possible to conof pleasure is not only altogether gratuitous, not
The life of him by Dr Black of Edinburgh deserves ceive. The end of organic existence is animal exist- only communicated for its own sake, not only rested
a place in all poetical libraries. He was of a strikence; the end of animal existence is sentient exist
in as an ultimate object, but it is made to commence ence; the end of sentient existence is pleasurable
at the very confines of life ; it is interwoven with the ing presence, tall and well made, with a large head, existence; the end of life, therefore, is enjoyment.
thread of existence; it is secured in and by the deep blue eyes, piercing in their regard, and hadia Life commences with the organic processes; ito the
actions that build up and that support the very frame- clear, solemn voice, and a deliberate utterance. organic are superadded the animal; the animal prowork, the material instrument of our being. 1
- 12, 1684. In the neighbourhood of Kilkery, in
Ireland, son of an English gentleman, who was cok cesses terminate in sensation ; sensation ends in en- “ But if the communication of sensibility to pro
lector of Belfast, George Berkeley, Bishop of joynient: it follows that enjoyment is the final end. cesses in their own nature incapable of exciting feel
Cloyne, ani illustrious metaphysician and phiFor this every organ is constructed; to this every ing, for the purpose of converting them into sources
lanthropist, who put the world upon canvassing action of every organ is subservient; in this every of pleasurable consciousness, indicate an express pro- that extraordinary Platonical puzzle of the nonaction ultimately terminates."—P. 73.
vision for the production of enjoyment, that provision existence of matter; substance, he said, being The proof is made out from every one of the is no less exemplified in the point at which this super- nothing but an idea existing in the mind,and upheld faculties, beginning with the lowest, the first springs added-sensibility is made to cease.
there by the constant exercise of the will of God get of organization and of life, and going on to the “ Some of the consequences of a direct communica
a very pious and sublime proposition, and onmoral faculty, the crown and the glory of man. It tion of consciousness to an organic process have been susceptible of disproof by the human faculties, is difficult to know where to chopse; the exposition already adverted to. Had the eye, besides trans
though, on the other hand, the amount of those of each is so beautiful; but omitting the pleasures to mitting rays of light to the optic nerve, been ren
faculties appears to render all final.conclusions on such be derived from the use of the senses, the pleasure of dered sensible of the incursive passage of each ray subjects impossible. One of his most ingenious and
the eye in seeing, the ear in hearing, the pleasure through its substance, the impressions excited by perplexing arguments, next to that of reducing arising from the use of the intellectual faculties, and luminous bodies, which is indispensable to vision, every sensation to a perception of the intellect, the still higher pleasures arising from the use of the the ultimate object of the instrument, if not wholly without which certainly its existence would ide moral faculties, we shall extract, as being less obvious lost, must necessarily have become obscure, in direct the same as non-existence, was, that i Nature never dess likely to occur to minds in general, the passage proportion to the acuteness of this sensibility. The took two means of doing anything when she could illustrative of the mode in which pleasure is attached band of the musician.could scarcely have created its do it by one ; and that, therefore, it would shave been to the exereise of the organic organs; that which varied and rapid movements upon his instrument, «superfluous in her to create both the perception and #shows the heightening of the pleasures of sense by had his mind been occupied at one and the same in the thing perceived. The perception, he said, was the addition of the intellectual faculties; and that stant with the process of muscular contraction in
the thing perceived. And if you asked bim how which relates to the barmonious junction of the selfish the finger, and the idea of music in the brain. Had things always remained in the places sin which you and sympathetic parts of man's nature.
the communication of such a two-fold consciousness left them, or were missed and found elsewhere by A little explanation is necessary before extracting been possible
, in no respect would it have been bene
others, &c. &c., the tranchant reply was ready, that the passages illustrative of the modes in which ficial, in many it would have been highly pernicious; the Divine Being so willed it ; an argument which pleasure is attached to the action of the organic or
and the least of evils resulting from it would have has more in it than appears at first sight; because, gans. The action of these organs is unattended with been, that the inferior would have interrupted the
reason about the question as we may, the first cause, or consciousness ; we do not know, for example, when superior faculty, and the means deteriorated the end. mystery, remains as mysterious as ever; and God might the blood is propelled onwards by the heart, or when
But in some cases the evil would have been of a vevidently will it to be what Berkeley says, as well as it flows through the vessels to supply the body. A
inuch more serious nature. Had we been rendered something more accordant with ordinary opinion. distinct set of nerves, called the sympathetic, which
sensible of the flow of the vital current through the On the other hand, it would seem, that God, at present, are destitute of sensation, preside over their action; engine that propels it; were the distensions of the
wills the ordinary opinion to be what it is: and with but, by a special provision, each sentient nerve, before
delicate valves that direct the current ever present the most unaffected reverence for Berkeley (wło going to supply the animal organs to which it is desto our view; by some inward feeling were we re
was one of his divinest earthly creations, and had a tined, sends off two branches which mingle with the
minded, minute by minute, of the progress of the right to “dwell apart":in his notions), we are of thoát sympathetic yerves. « What is the result? That
aliment through the digestive apparatus; and were class of thiúkers (if we may lay claim to the appelorganic organs are rendered sentient; that organic
the mysterious operations of the organic nerves pal- lation at all) who take the common sense of these processes, in their own nature insensible, become pable to sight, the terror of the maniac, who con
matters for proofs of them; and believe in the discapable of affecting consciousness. What follows?ceived that his body was composed of unannealed
tinction between matter and spirit, as God has inn'What is the consciousness excited? Not a conscious- glass, would be the ordinary feeling of life. Every pressed it in the common mind..Berkeley was one of ness of the organic process. Of that we still remain movement would be a matter of anxious delibera
the most amiable and disinterested of nien, giving up wholly insensible. Not simple sensation. The re
and the approach of every body to our own
time, money, and favour for the good of bis fellowsult uniformly produced, as long as the state of the would fill us with dismay. But adjusted as our
creatures, and taking an early part in that diffusion system is that of health, is pleasurable consciousness. conciousness actually is, invariably the point at which
of knowledge, which the junction of Christianity The heart sends out to the organs its vital current.
the organic process begins, is that at which sensation with modern philosophy has at length made a charaeEach organ abstracting from the stream the particles ends. Had sensation been extended beyond this point
teristic of civilization. Those of his eminent friends, it needs, converts them into the peculiar huid or solid it would have been productive of pain : at this point the wits and philosophers of the day (for the it is its office to form. The stomach, from the arteit uniformly stops. Nevertheless, by the indirect
beloved by all parties) who ventured to rial streamlets circulating through it, secretes gastric connexion of sensation with the organic processes, a banter his metaphysics, reverenced him all the juice; the liver, froin the venous streamlets circulat.
vast amount of pleasure might be created : a special while, and almost adored him. Pope said, he sing through it, secretes bile. When these digestive apparatus is constructed for the express purpose of had “every virtue under heaven;" and Atorgans have duly prepared their respective fluids, they establishing the communication. There is thus the terbury declared, that till he had seen Berkeley, employ them in the elaboration of the aliment.
We two-fold proof, the positive and the negative, the she did not think so mueh understanding, so much are not conscious of this claboration, though it go evidence arising as well from what they do as from
knowledge, so much endurance, and so much 'humion within us every moment; but is consciousness not what they abstain from doing, that the organic pro
lity, had been the portion of any but angels.". When affected by the process? Most materially. Why?
cesses are, and are intended to be, sources of enjoy- he began life, he wrote in the "Guardian,' and is Because sentient mingle with organic nerves; bement."-P. 83.
said to have had “a guinea and a dinner " from cause the sentient nerves are impressed by the actions of the organic organs. And how impressed? As
[Tliis notice to be concluded next week.] Steele for every paper he contributed; -a vulgar mis
take, surely, meaning that whenever his young friend ‘long as the actions of the organic organs are sound,
brought luis paper, he was asked to stay dinner as a that is, as long as their processes are duly performed,
matter of course, or of reciprocal pleasure; for Steele