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sign of the Harrow. He appears to have long lived Therefore "holy Mr. Herbert" very properly helps a its original meaning, -servant) will never be any. here, carrying on the busines of a linen-draper, about horse out of a ditch, and is the better for it all the thing but an anomaly, especially since the learned the year 1624. Another person, John Mason, a hosier, rest of the day. Are we not to be merciful to fish as brothers no longer even ride to the hall as they used. occupied one-half of the tenement. Walton afterwards well as beasts, merely because the Scripture does not The arms of the body of sergeants are a golden shield, removed to another house in Chancery Lane, a few expressly state it? Such are the inconsistencies of with an Ibis upon it; or to speak scientifically, "Or, doors up from Fleet Street, on the west side, where mankind, during their very acquirement of benefi. an Ibis Proper;" to which Mr. Jekyll might have added, he kept a sempster's, or milliner's shop.
for motto, “ In medio tutissimus." The same learned
The serjeants are a grateful race;
Their dress and language shew it;
Their purple robes from Tyre we trace, poetry is, the flower of what was in him; and is at by an equal abuse of reason any amusement which is
Their arguments go to it. least so far good poetry, as it is the quintessence of to be obtained at another being's expense; and an amiable and deep reflection, not without a more One of the customs which used to be observed so evil genius might angle for us, and twitch us up, festive strain, the result of his sociality. Pope says
late as the reign of Charles I. in the creation of bleeding and roaring, into an atmosphere that would of him
Sergeants, was for the new made dignitary to go in stifie us. But fishes do not roar; they cannot express any sound of suffering; and therefore the an.
Forgot his epic, nay pindaric art,
solemn procession to St. Paul's and there to choose gler chooses to think they do not suffer, more than
Yet still we love the language of his heart.*
his pillar, as it was expressed. This ceremony is
supposed to have originated in the ancient practice of it is convenient to him to fancy. Now it is a poor His prose is admirable, and his character of Crom
the lawyers taking each his station at one of the sport, that depends for its existence on the want of well a masterpiece of honest enmity, more creditable
pillars in the Cathedral, and there waiting for clients. a voice in the sufferer, and of imagination in the to both parties than the zealous Royalist was aware.
The legal sage stood, it is said, with pen in hand, and sportsman.. Angling, in short, is not to be defended Cowley, notwithstanding the active part he took in
dexterously noted down the particulars of every man's on any ground of reflection ; and this is the worst politics, never ceased to be a child at heart. His
case on his knee. thing to say of Isaac; for he was not unaware of the mind lived in books and bowers,—in the sequestered
Clifford's Inn, leading out of Sergeant's Inn into objections to his amusement, and he piqued himself “places of thought;" and he wondered and lamented Fleet Street and Fetter Lane, is so called from the upon being contemplative. to the last, that he had not realised the people he
noble family of De Clifford, who granted it the stu. Anglers have been defended upon the ground of found there. His consolation should have been, that dents-at-law in the reign of Edward III. The word their having had among them so many pious men; what he found in himself, was an evidence that the
inn, (Saxon, chamber,) though now applied only to but unfortunately men may be selfishly as well as people exist.
law places and the better sort of public houses in nobly pious; and even charity itself may be prac- Chancery Lane, "the most ancient of any to the
which travellers are entertained, formerly signified a tised, as well as cruelty deprecated, upon principles west,” having been built in the time of Henry III.,
great house, mansion, or family palace. So Lincoln's which have a much greater regard to a man's own when it was called New Lane, which was after
Inn, the mansion of the Earls of Lincoln; Gray's safety and future comfort, than anything which con- wards altered to Chancellor's Lane, is the greatest Inn, of the Lords Gray, &c. The French still use the cerns freal Christian beneficence. Doubtless there legal thoroughfare in England. It leads from the
word hotel in the same sense. Inn once made as have been many good and humane men anglers, as Temple, passes by Sergeant's Inn, Clifford's Inn,
splendid a figure in our poetry, as the palaces of well as many pleasant men. There have also been Lincoln's Inn, and the Rolls, and conducts to Gray's Milton : some very unpleasant ones, -Sir John Hawkins among Inn. Of the world of vice and virtue, of pain and
· Now whenas Phæbus, with his fiery waine them. They make a well-founded pretension to a triumph, of learning and ignorance, truth and chica
Unto his inne began to draw apace ;'
us love of nature and her scenery; but it is a pity they nery, of impudence, violence, and tranquil wisdom, cannot relish it without this pepper to the poor fish. that must have passed through this spot, the reader says Spenser :-and his disciple Browne after him, Walton's book contains many passages in praise of rural may judge accordingly. There all the great and elo
Now had the glorious sun tane up his inne.t enjoyment, which affect us almost like the fields and quent lawyers of the metropolis must have been, at fresh air themselves; though his brethren have exalted some time or other, from Fortescue and Littleton, to There is nothing to notice in Clifford's Inn, except it beyond its value; and his lives of his angling friends, Coke, Ellesmere, and Erskine. Sir Thomas More that it has some trees in it, and is quiet; two cirthe Divines, have been preposterously over-rated. If must have been seen going down with his weighty cumstances which create double pleasure in passing angling is to be defended upon good and manly grounds, aspect; Bacon with his eye of intuition; the coarse from the noise of the London streets. It is curious let it ; it is no longer to be defended on any other. Thurlow; and the reverend elegance of Mansfield. what a little remove produces this quiet. Even in The best thing to be said for it (and the instance is But we shall anticipate our visions of Westminster the back room of a shop in the main street, the sound worthy of reflection) is, that anglers have been Hall. In Chancery Lane was born the celebrated
of the carts and carriages becomes wonderfully deadbrought up in the belief of its innocence, and that Lord Strafford, who was sent to the block by the ened to the ear, and a remove, like Clifford's Inn, an inhuman custom is too powerful for the most party he had deserted, the victim of his own false makes it remote, or nothing. humane. The inconsistency is to be accounted for strength and his master's weakness. It is a curious The garden of Clifford's Inn forms part of the area on no other grounds; nor is it necessary or desirable evidence of the secret manners of those times, which of the Rolls, so called from the records kept there, that it should be so. It is a remarkable illustration are so often contrasted with the license of the next in rolls of parchment. It is said to have been the of what Plato said, when something was defended on reign, that Clarendon, in speaking of some love let- house of an eminent Jew, forfeited to the crown, that the ground of its being a trifle, because it was a cus- ters of this lord, a married man, which transpired is to say, most probably taken from him with all that tom. “But custom," said he, “is no trifle.” Here, during his trial, calls them "things of levity.” What it contained, by Henry III., who made it a house for among persons of a more equivocal description, are would he have said had he found any love-letters converts from the owner's religion. These converted some of the humanest men in the world, who will between Lady Carlisle and Pym? Of Southampton Jews, most likely none of the best of their race, (for commit what other humane men reckon among the Buildings, on the site of which lived Shakspeare's board and lodging are not arguments to the scrupumost inhuman actions, and make an absolute pastime friend, Lord Southampton, we shall speak immedi- lous,) appear to have been so neglected, that the of it. Let one of their grandchildren be brought ately; and we shall notice Lincoln's Inn when we number of them gradually came to nothing, and up in the reverse opinion, and see what he will think come to the western portion of Holborn. But we Edward the Third gave the place to the Court of of it. . This, to be sure, might be said to be only may here observe, that on the wall of the Inn, which Chancery, to keep its records in. There is a fine another instance of the effect of education; but no- is in Chancery Lane, Ben Jonson is said to have
monument in the chapel to Dr. Young, one of the body, the most unprejudiced, thinks it a bigotry in worked, at the time he was compelled to assist his masters, which, according to Vertue, was executed by Shakspeare and Steele to have brought us to feel for father-in-law at his trade of bricklaying, In the Torregiano, who built the splendid tomb in Henry the brute creation in general; and whatever we may intervals of his trowel, he is said to have handled his
VII.'s chapel. Sir John Trevor, infamous for bribery incline to think, for the accommodation of our pro. Horace and Virgil. It is only a tradition, which and corruption, also lies here. “Wisely,” says pensities, there will still remain the unanswered and Fuller has handed down to us in his Worthies ; but Pennant, “his epitaph is thus confined, Sir J. T. always avoided argument, of the dumb and torn fish tradition is valuable when it helps to make such a M. R. 1717.” Some other masters, he adds, rest themselves, who die agonised, in the midst of our flower grow upon an old wall.
within the walls ; "among them Sir John Strange, tranquil looking on, and for no necessity.
Sergeant's Inn, the first leading out of Chancery but without the quibbling line,
'Here lies an honest lawyer, that is Strange.'
odd old Whig, John Whitney to have been ! and how unworthy to or their lessees. Pennant confounds this Inn with
Who never changed his principles or wig." be ranked as a lover of the same pastime, which had another of the same name, now no longer devoted to been so interestingly recommended by Isaac Walton the same purpose, in Fleet Streett. Sergeant's Inn When he came into the office, many of the houses in his Contemplative Man's Recreation*.” in Fleet Street was reduced to ruins in the great tire,
were rebuild, and to the expense of ten of them he But Isaac's contemplative man can content himself but was soon after rebuilt in a much more uniform added, out of his own purse, as much as 3501. each with impaling live worms, and jesting about the ten. style than before. It continued after this to be oc- house ; observing, that "he would have them built as derness with which he treats them,-using the worm, cupied by the lawyers in 1730, when the whole was strong and as well as if they were his own inheriquoth Isaac, “as if you loved him.” Doubtless John taken down, and the present court erected. The
tance.". The Master of the Rolls is a great law dig. thought himself as good a man as Isaac. He poet- office of the Amicable Annuitant Society on the east
ritary, a sort of under-judge in Chancery, presiding izes, and is innocent with the best of them, and prob- side of the court, occupies the site of the ancient in a court by himself, though his most ostensible ably would not have hurt a dog. However, it must Hall and Chapel. All the judges, as having been
office is to take care of the records in question. He be allowed that he had less imagination than Walton, serjeants at law before their elevation to the bench,
has a house and garden on the spot, the latter seand was more cruel, inasmuch as he could commit a have still chambers in the Inn in Chancery Lane.
cluded from public view. The house, however, has cruelty that was not the custom. Observe, never- The windows of this house are filled with the armo.
not been used as a residence by the present holder of theless, that it was the customary cruelty which led rial bearings of the members, who, when they are the office or his predecessor. to the new one. Why must these contemplative knighted, are emphatically equites aurali, at least as Between Chancery and Fetter Lane is the new men commit any cruelty at all. The writer of the far as rings are concerned, for they give rings on the
church of St. Dunstan's in the West,—a great imarticle in the Censura was, if we mistake not, one of occasion with mottos expressive of their sentiments provement upon the old one, though a little too plain the kindest of human beings, and yet he could see upon law and justice. As to the equites, learned below for the handsome fret-work of its steeple. The nothing erroneous in torturing a worm. “A good "knights” or horsemen (till "knight” be restored to man," says the Scripture, “is merciful to his beast.”
• Faerie Queen, book vi. canto iil. • Imitations of Horace, Ep. i. book ii.
† Britannia's Pastorals, book i. song ill.) • Censura Literaria, rol, iv. p. 345, † Pennant, ut supra, p. 172.
t Londinium Redivivum, vol. ii. p. 279.
old building was eminent for the two wooden figures “ About twelve o'clock," says the Doctor, “I com- group of females, and call them his seraglio. He thus of wild men, who, with a gentleness not to be ex- monly visited him, and found him in bed, or declaim- mentions them, together with honest Levett, in one pected of them, struck the hour with a little tap of ing over his tea, which he drank (very plentifully; of his letters to Mrs. Thrale : 'Williams hates every their clubs. At the same time they moved their arms He generally had a levee of morning visitors, chiefly body; Levett hates Desmoulins, and does not love and heads, with a like avoidance of superfluous action. men of letters ; Hawkesworth, Goldsmith, Murphy, Williams ; Desmoulins hates them both ; Poll loves These figures were put up in the time of Charles II., Langton, Steevens, Beauclerk, &c. &c., and sometimes none of them.' "* and were thought not to confer much honour on the learned ladies ; particularly I remember a French
Of his residence in Inner Temple Lane we have passengers who stood " gaping” to see them strike. lady of wit and fashion doing him the honour of a spoken before. He lived there six or seven years, But the passengers might surely be as alive to the visit. He seemed to me to be considered as a kind and then removed to Johnson's Court, No. 7, where puerility as any one else. An absurdity is not the of public oracle, whom every body thought they had he resided for ten. Johnson's Court is in the neighleast attractive thing in this world. They who ob. a right to visit and consult; and, doubtless, they bourhood of Gough Square. It was during this jected to the gapers probably admired more things were well rewarded. I never could discover how he period that he accompanied his friend Boswell to than they laughed at. It must be remembered also, found time for his compositions. He declaimed all Scotland where he sometimes humourously styled that when the images were set up, mechanical con- the morning, then went to dinner at a tavern, where himself “ Johnson of that Ilk” (that same, or Johntrivances were much rarer than they are now. Two he commonly staid late, and then drank his tea at son of Johnson), in imitation of the local designations centuries ago St. Dunstan's Church-yard, as it was some friend's house, over which he loitered a great of the Scottish chiefs. In 1776, in his sixty-seventh called, being the portion of Fleet Street in front of while, but seldom took supper. I fancy he must have year, still adhering
to the neighbourhood, he removed the church, was famous for its booksellers' shops. read and wrote chiefly in the night; for I can scarcely into Bolt Court, No. 8, where he died eight years The church escaped the Great Fire, which stopped recollect that he ever refused going with me to a after, on the 13th December, 1784. In Bolt Court he within three houses of it, and consequently, was one tavern; and he often went to Ranelagh, which he had a garden, and perhaps in Johnson's Court and of the most ancient sacred edifices in London. It was deemed a place of innocent recreation.
Gough Square : which we mention to shew how transupposed to have been built about the end of the “He frequently gave all the silver in his pocket to quil and removed these places were, and convenient fourteenth century—but had subsequently undergone the poor, who watched him between his house and for a student who wished, nevertheless, to have the extensive repairs. Besides the clock with the figures, the tavern where he dined. He walked the streets at bustle of London at hand. Maitland (one of the it was adorned by a statue of Queen Elizabeth which all hours, and said he was never robbed, for the compilers upon Stow), who published his history of stood in a niehe, over the east end, and had been trans- rogues knew he had little money, nor had the appear. London in 1739, describes Johnson and Bolt Courts ferred thither about the middle of last century from ance of having much.
as having "good houses, well inhabited;" and Gough the west side of old Ludgate, which was then re-. “Though the most accessible and communicative Square he calls fashionable.f moved.
man alive, yet when he suspected that he was invited Johnson was probably in every tavern and coffee. The only repute of Fetter Lane in the presert days, to be exhibited, he constantly spurned the invitation. house in Fleet Street. There is one which has taken is, or was, for sausages. But at one time it is said “Two young women from Staffordshire visited him his name, being styled, par excellence, “Dr. Johnson's to have had the honor of Dryden's presence. The when I was present, to consult him on the subject of Coffee-house." But the house he most frequented famous Praise God Barebones also, it seems, Methodism, to which they were inclined. Come was the Mitre tavern, on the other side of the street, lived here, in a house for which he paid forty pounds (said he), you pretty fools, dine with Maxwell and in a passage leading to the Temple. It was here, as a year, as he stated in his examination on a trial me at the Mitre, and we will talk over that subject;' we have seen, that he took his two innocent theoloin the reign of Charles II.* He paid the above which they did; and after dinner he took one of them gians, and paternally dandled them out of their mis. rent, he says, “except during the war”--that is, on his knees, and fondled them for half an hour givings on his knee. The same place was the first of we suppose, during the confusion of the contest together."'*
the kind in which Boswell met him. “We had a between the King and the Parliament, when pro- This anecdote is exquisite. It shews, that how- good supper,” says the happy biographer, "and port bably this worthy contrived to live rent free. In ever impatient he was of having his own superstitions wine, of which he then sometimes drank a bottle.'' this neighbourhood also dwelt the infamous Eliza- canvassed, he was loth to see them inflicted on (At intervals he abstained from all fermented liquors beth, Brownrigg, who was executed in 1767 for others. He is here a harmless Falstaff, with two for a long time). “The orthodox, high-church sound the murder of one of her apprentices. Her house, innocent damsels on his knees, in the room of of the Mitre, the figure and manner of the celebrated with the cellar in which she used to confine her Mesdames Ford and Page.
SAMUEL JOHNSON, the extraordinary power and prestarved and tortured victims, and from the grating In Gough Square Johnson wrote part of his Dic- cision of his conversation, and the pride arising from of which their cries of distress were heard, was tionary. He had written the Rambler, and taken his finding myself admitted as his companion, produced one of those on the east side of the lane, looking high stand with the public before. At this time," a variety of sensations, and a pleasing elevation of into the long and narrow alley behind, called Flower- says Barber, his servant, “ he had little for himself, mind beyond what I had before experienced.". They de-Luce Court. It was some years ago in the occu- but frequently sent money to Mr. Shiels when in sat till between one and two in the morning. He pation of a fishing-tackle maker.
distress." (Shiels was one of his amanuenses in the told Boswell at that period that "he generally went i Johnson unce lived in Fetter Lane, but the circum- Dictionary). His friends and visitors in Gough Square abroad at about four in the afternoon, and seldom stances of his abode there have not transpired. We are a good specimen of what they always were, -a came home till two in the morning. I took the now, however, come to a cluster of his residences in miscellany creditable to the largeness of his humanity. liberty to ask if he did not think it wrong to live Fleet Street, of which place he is certainly the great There was Cave, Dr. Hawkesworth, Miss Carter, Mrs. thus, and not to make more use of his great talents. presiding spirit, the Genius Loci. He was conversant Macauley, (who was must have looked strangely at He owned it was a bad habit." for the greater part of his life with this street, was one another), Mr. (afterwards Sir Joshua) Reynolds, The next time Goldsmith was with them, when fond of it, frequented its Mitre Tavern above any Langton, Mrs. Williams, (a poor poetess whom he Johnson made a remark very fit to be repeated in other in London, and has identified its name and maintained in his house), Mr. Levett (an apothecary, this journal; namely, that granting knowledge in places with the best things he ever said and did. It on the same footing), Garrick, Lord Orrery, Lord some cases to produce unhappiness, "knowledge was in Fleet Street, we believe, that he took the poor Southwell, and Mrs. Gardiner, wife of a tallow. per se was an object which every one would wish to girl up in his arms, put her to bed in his own house, chandler on Snow-hill, -"not in the learned way,” attain, though, perhaps, he might not take the trou. and restored her to health and her friends; an says Mr. Barber, "but a worthy good woman." With ble necessary for attaining it." One of his most action sufficient to redeem a million of the asperities all his respect for rank, which doubtless he regarded curious remarks followed, occasioned by the mention of temper occasioned by disease, and to stamp him, in as a special dispensation of Providence, his friend of Campbell, the author of the Hermippus Redivivus, spite of his bigotry, a good Christian. Here at all Beauclerk's notwithstanding,+ Johnson never lost on which Boswell makes a no less curious comment. events he walked, and talked, and shouldered won- sight of the dignity of goodness. He did not, how. “Campbell,” said Johnson, " is a good man, a pious dering porters out of the way, and mourned, and ever, confine his attentions to those who were noble man. I am afraid he has not been in the inside of a philosophized, and was “a goodnatured fellow,” (as or amiable ; though we are to suppose, that every church for many years; but he never passes a church he called himself,) and roared with peals of laughter body with whom he chose to be particularly con- without pulling off his hat. This shews that he has till midnight echoed to his roar.
versant had some good quality or other; unless, in- good principles.” On which, says Boswell in a note, “We walked in the evening,” says Boswell, "in deed, he patronized them as the Duke of Montague "I am inclined to think he was misinformed as to Greenwich Park. He asked me, I suppose by way did his ugly dogs, because nobody would if he did this circumstance. I own I am jealous for my worthy of trying my disposition, 'Is not this very fine?' not. The great secret, no doubt, was, that he was friend Dr. John Campbell. For though Milton could Having no exquisite relish of the beauties of nature, glad of the company of any of his fellow-creatures, without remorse absent himself from public worship, and being more delighted with the busy hum of men,' who would bear and forbear with him, and for whose I cannot."'$ 1 answered, “Yes, sir; but not equal to Fleet Street.' tempers he did not care as much as he did for their i It was at their next sitting in this house, at which Johnson. 'You are right, sir.'”
welfare. And he was giving alms; which was a the Rev. Dr. Ogilvie, a Scotch writer, was present, Boswell vindicates the taste here expressed by the Catholic part of religion, in the proper sense of the that Johnson made his famous joke, in answer to example of a " very fashionable baronet,” who on his word. “He nursed,” says Mrs. Thrale, in her super- that gentleman's remark, that, Scotland has a great attention being called to the fragrance of May fluous style, “whole nests of people in his house, many “noble, wild prospects.”' Johnson, "I believe, evening in the country, observed, “This may be where the lame, the blind, the sick and the sorrowa sir, you have a great many. Norway, too, has noble, very well, but I prefer the smell of a flambeau at the ful, found a sure retreat from all the evils whence wild prospects ; and Lapland is remarkable for prodi, playhouse." The Baronet here allı ed to was Sir his little income could secure them: and commonly gious noble, wild prospects. But, sir, let me tell Michael Le Fleming, who, by way of comment on spending the middle of the week at our house, he you, the noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever his indifference to fresh air, died of an apoplectic fit kept his numerous family in Fleet Street upon a set- sees, is the high road that leads him to England !" while conversing with Lord Howick (the present tled allowance; but returned to them every Saturday This unexpected and pointed sally,” says Boswell, Earl Grey), at the Admiralty. I However, Johnson's to give them three good dinners and his company, be
produced a roar of applause. After all, however ipse dicit was enough. He wanted neither Boswell's fore he came back to us on the Monday night, treating (he adds), those who admire the rude grandeur of vindication, nor any other. He was melancholy, and them with the same, or perhaps more ceremonious nature, cannot deny it to Caledonia." || glad to be taken from his thoughts; and London fur. civility, than he would have done by as many people Johnson had the highest opinion of a tavern, as nished him with an endless flow of society.
of fashion, making the Holy Scripture thus the rule a place in which a man might be comfortable, if he Johnson's abodes in Fleet Street were in the fol- of his conduct, and only expecting salvation, as he could anywhere. Indeed, he said that the man who lowing order :-- First, in Fetter Lane, then in Bos- was able to obey its precepts.”! Johnson's female could not enjoy himself in a tavern, could be comwell Court, then in Gough Square, in the Inner inmates were not like the romantic ones of Richard- fortable nowhere. This, however, is not to be taken Temple Lane, in Johnson's Court, and, finally, and “We surely cannot but admire,” says Boswell,
to the letter. Extremes meet; and Johnson's unfor the longest period, in Bolt Court, where he died. “the benevolent exertions of this great and good easiness of temper led him into the gayer necessities His mode of life, during a considerable portion of his man, especially when we consider how grievously he of Falstaff. However, it is assuredly no honour to a residence in these places, is described in a communi- was afflicted with bad health, and how uncomfortable man, not to be able to take his ease at his inn.” cation to Boswell by the Rev. Dr. Maxwell, assistant his home was made by the perpetual jarring of those preacher at the Temple, who was intimate with whom he charitably accommodated under his roof.
* Boswell, vol. iii. p. 398. Johnson for many years, and spoke of his memory He has sometimes suffered me to talk jocularly of his with affection.
† Johnson's Court runs into Gough Square, "a place lately
built with very handsome houses, and well inhabited by persons Boswell, vol. fl. p. 117.
-Maitland's History and Survey of London, by See Malcom's Lond. Rediv. iii. 453. † Beauclerk, of the St. Alban's family, was a descendant of
Entick, folio, 1756, p. 96). Charles II., whom he resembled in face and complexion, for + Boswell, ut supra, vol. 1. p. 441.
Boswell, vol. i. p. 384. which Johnson by no means liked him the less.
Id. vol. i. p. 400. • Malone, in the passage in Boswell, ibid.
* Anecdotes of Samuel Johnson, &c. Allinan, 1822. p.69. | Id., vol. i. p. 408.
* There is no private house," said Johnson, talking Tempe.' Johnson. “Ay, sir, but let it be compared most likely began to be exchanged for mansions of a , on this subject, "in which people can enjoy them- with Mull."" *
more peaceful character. These gradually increased; selves so well as at a capital tavern. Let there be The progress of knowledge, even since Johnson's and in the reign of Edward VI. the Strand consisted, ever so great plenty of good things, ever so much time, has enabled us to say, without presumption, on the south side, of a line of mansions with garden grandeur, ever so much elegance, ever so much that we differ with this extraordinary person on many walls; and on the north, of a single row of houses, desire that every body should be easy, in the nature important points, without ceasing to have the highest behind which all was field. The reader is to imagine of things it cannot be : there must always be some regard for his character. His faults were the result wall all the way from Temple Bar to White hall, degree of care and anxiety. The master of the of temperament; perhaps his good qualities and his on his left hand, like that of Kew Palace, or a suchouse is anxious to entertain his guests; the guests powers of reflection were, in some measure, so too; cession of Burlington Gardens; while the line of are anxious to be agreeable to him; and no man, but but this must be the case with all men. Intellect humbler habitations stood on the other side, like a a very impudent dog indeed, can as freely command and beneficence, from whatever causes, will always row of servants in waiting. what is in another man's house as if it were his command respect; and we may gladly compound, As wealth increased, not only the importance of own. Whereas, at a tavern, there is a general free for their sakes, with foibles which belong to the com- rank diminished, and the nobles were more content dom from anxiety. You are sure you are welcome : mon chances of humanity. If Johnson has added to recollect James's advice of living in the country, and the more noise you make, the more trouble you nothing very new to the general stock, he has con- (where he said, they looked like ships in a river, ingive, the more good things you call for, the wel. tributed (especially by the help of his biographer) a stead of ships at sea), but the value of ground about comer you are. No servants will attend you with great deal that is striking and entertaining. He was London, especially on the river side, was so much the alacrity which waiters do, who are incited by an admirable critic, if not of the highest things, yet augmented, that the proprietors of these princely the prospect of an immediate reward in proportion of such as could be determined by the exercise of a mansions were not unwilling to turn the premises as they please. No sir, there is nothing which masculine good sense; and one thing he did, perhaps into money. The civil wars had given another jar has yet been contrived by man, by which so much beyond any man in England, before or since ;-he to the stability of their abodes in the metropolis ; happiness is produced, as by a good tavern or inn.” advanced, by the powers of his conversation, the and in Charles the Second's time the great houses He then repeated with great emotion Shenstone's strietness of his veracity, and the respect he exacted finally gave way, and were exchanged for streets and lines :
towards his presence, what may be called the personal wharfs. An agreeable poet of the last century lets "Whoe'er has travelled life's dull round,
dignity of literature. The consequence has been, not us know that he used to think of this great change Where'er his stages may have been,
exactly what he expected, but certainly what the in going up the Strand.
great interests of knowledge require; and Johnson
Come, Fortescue, sincere, experienc'd friend,
Thy briefs, thy deeds, and e'en thy fees suspend; cence above all others.
Come, let us leave the Temple's silent walls; “Sir John Hawkins," says Boswell, in a note on East from Fetter Lane, on the same side of the
Me, business to my distant lodging calls ; this passage, “has preserved very few memorabilia
Through the long Strand together let us stray; of Johnson.” There is, however, to be found in his street, is Crane Court--the principal house in which,
With thee conversing, I forget the way.
Behold that narrow street which steep descends,'.'; “In contradiction to those who, having a wife and
Whose building to the slimy shore extends ; children, prefer domestic enjoyments to those which library, before they removed to their present apart
Here Arundel's fam'd structure rear'd its fame:
The street alone retains the empty name.
Where Titian's glowing paint the canvas warmed, soon (said he) as I enter the door of a tavern, I
And Raphael's fair design with judgment charmed, experience an oblivion of care, and a freedom from
raries prosecuting their eager inquiries and curious
Now hangs the Bellman's song; and pasted here, solicitude: when I am seated, I find the master
The coloured prints of Overton appear.
Where statues breathed, the worksof Phidias' hands, anxious to know and ready to supply my wants : wine glory of the light which he had shed over nature.
A wooden pump, or lonely watch-house, stands. there exhilarates my spirits and prompts me to free
There Essex' stately pile adorned the shore, conversation and an interchange of discourse with
There Cecil's, Bedford's, Villiers', - now no more."'* those whom I most love; I dogmatise, and am
As the aspect in this quarter is so different from contradicted; and in this conflict of opinion and sen
: CHAPTER IV.
what it was, and the quarter is one of the most imtiments I find delight.'"
portant in the metropolis, we may add what Pennant
has written on the same subject :-
Contents : - Ancient state of the Strand.-Butcher " In the year 1353, that fine street the Strand was “ Johnson was known to be so rigidly“attentive to
Row.-Death of Lee, the dramatic poet.-Johnson at an an open high-way, with here and there a great man's the truth,” says Boswell, “that even in his common
eating-house. -Essex Street.-House and history of the house, with gardens to the water's side. In that conversation the slightest circumstance was mentioned with exact precision. The knowledge of his favourite Earl of Essex.-Spenser's visit there.---Escer, year it was so ruinous, that Edward III., by an ors having such a principle and habit made his friends general of the Parliament: ---Essex Head Club.-De- dinance, directed a tax to be raised upon wool, lea.
vereux Court.-Grecian Coffee-House.—Twining, the ther, wine, and all goods carried to the staple at have a perfect reliance on the truth of every thing accomplished scholar.-St. Clement Dunes.-Clements Westminster, from Temple Bar to Westminster Ab. that he told, however it might have been doubted
Inn.-Falstaff and Shallow.—Norfolk, Arundel, Sur- bey, for the repair of the road; and that all owners if told by many others. As an instance of this I
rey, and Howard Streets.-Norfolk House. Essex's of houses adjacent to the highway, should repair as may mention an odd incident, which he related as
Ring and the Countess of Nottingham. - William much as lay before their doors. Mention is also having happened to him one night in Fleet Street.
made of a bridge to be erected near the royal palace “A gentlewoman (said he) begged I would give her Penn,-Birch.-- Dr. Brocklesby.-Congreve, and his
Will. --Voltaire's visit to him. — Mrs. Bracegirdle.- at Westminster, for the conveniency of the said stamy arm to assist her in crossing the street, which I
Tragical end of Mountford the player.—Ancient Cross. ple; but the last probably meant no more than stairs accordingly did ; upon which she offered me a shilling,
for the landing of the goods, which I find sometimes supposing me to be the watchman. I perceived that Maypole
. - New Church of St. Mary-le-Strand.
Old Somerset House.--Henrietta Maria and her French went by the name of a bridge. she was somewhat in liquor. This, if told by most
household. - Waller's mishap at Somerset Stairs. - “There was no continued street here till about people, would have been thought an invention; when
New Somerset House. — Royal Society, Antiquarian the year 1533 ; before that it entirely cut off Westtold by Johnson, it was believed by his friends, as
Society, and Royal Academy.--Death of Dr. King.- minster from London, and nothing intervened except much as if they had seen what passed.”'t
Exeter Street. Johnson's first lodging in London.— the scattered houses, and a village, which afterwards The gentlewoman, however, might have taken him
Art of living in London.-Catherine Street.-Unfor. gave name to the whole. St. Martin's stood literally for the watchman without being in liquor, if she had
tunate Women. — Wimbledon House. — Lyceum and in the fields. But about the year 1560 a street was no eye to discern a great man through his uncouth
Beef-Steak Club.-- Ereter Change. Bed and Balti- formed, loosely built, for all the houses on the south ness. Davies, the bookseller, said, that he “laughed
more.--The Savoy.--Anecdotes of the Duchess of Al. side had great gardens to the river, were called by like a rhinoceros." It may be added he walked like
bemarle.-Beaufort Buildings.-Lillie the Perfumer. their owners' names, and in after times gave name to a whale; for it was rolling rather than walking. “I
Aaron Hill.–Fielding.- Southampton Street. — Cecil the several streets that succeeded them, pointing met him in Fleet Street,” says Boswell, “walking, or
and Salisbury Streets.-Durham House.--Raleigh.- down to the Thames; each of them had stairs for the rather, indeed, moving along'; for his peculiar march Pennant on the word Place or Palace. - New Er. conveniency of taking boat, of which many to this is thus described in a very just and picturesque man
change.--Don Pantaleon Sa.- The White Milliner.- day bear the names of the houses. As the court ner, in a short life of him published very soon after Adelphi.- Garrick and his Wife. - Beauclerc. --So. was for centuries either at the palace at Westminster, his death :- When he walked the streets, what with ciety of Arts, and Mr. Barry. -- Bedford Street. or Whitehall, a boat was the customary conveyance the constant roll of his head, and the concomitant
George, Villiers, and Buckingham Streets. – York of the great to the presence of their sovereign. The motion of his body, he appeared to make his way by
House and Buildings.-Squabble between the Spanish north side was a mere line of houses from Charing. that motion independent of his feet. That he was
and French Ambassadors. · Hungerford Market. cross to Temple Bar; all beyond was country. The often much stared at,” continues Boswell, “while he
Craven Street.-Franklin.-Northumberland House. gardens which occupied part of the site of Covent advanced in this manner, may be easily believed; but
Garden were bounded by fields, and St. Giles was it was not safe to make sport of one so robust as he -Duplicity of Henry, Earl of Northampton. -- Vio:
lence of Lord Herbert of Cherbury.-Percy, Bishop of a distant country village. These are circumstances Mr. Langton saw him one day, in a fit of ab. Dromore.- Pleasant mistake of Goldsmith.,
proper to point out, to shew the vast increase of sence, by a sudden start, drive the load off a porter's
our capital in little more than two centuries.”'t ong back, and walk forwards briskly, without being con- In going through Fleet Street and the Strand, we The aspect of the Strand, on emerging through scious of what he had done. The porter was very seldom think that the one is named after a rivulet, Temple-Bar, is very different from what it was forty angry, but stood still, and eyed the huge figure with now running under ground, and the other from its
“A stranger who had visited London much earnestness, till he was satisfied that his wisest being on the banks of the river Thames. As little in 1790, would on his return in 1804.” says Mr. course was to be satisfied, and take up his burthen do most of us fancy that there was once a line of Malcolm, " be astonished to find a spacious area again."'$
noblemen's houses on the one side, and that at the (with the church nearly in the centre) on the site of There is another remark on Fleet Street and its same time, all beyond the other side, to Hampstead Butcher Row, and some other passages undeserving superiority to the country, which must not be passed or Highgate, was open country, with the little hamlet of the name of streets, which were composed of those over. Boswell, not having Johnson's reasons for of St. Giles's in a copse. So late as the reign of wretched fabrics, overhanging their foundations, the wanting society, was a little overweening and gratui- Henry VIII. we have a print containing the village receptacles of dirt in every corner of their projecting tous on this subject; and on such occasions the of Charing. Citizens used to take an evening stroll stories, the bane of ancient London, where the Doctor would give him a knock. “It was a delightful to the well now in St. Clement's Inn.
plague, with all its attendant horrors, frowned deday,” says the biographer;—"as we walked to St. In the reign of Edward III. the Strand was an struction on the miserable inhabitants, reserving its Clements church, I again remarked that Fleet Street open country road, with a mansion here and there, forces for the attacks of each returning summer."S was the most cheerful scene in the world ; 'Fleet on the banks of the river Thames, most probably a The site of Butcher Row, thus advantageously Street,' said I, 'is in my mind more delightful than castle or strong hold. In this state it no doubt re
mained during the greater part of the York and Lan- • Gay's Trivi z, or the Art of Walking the Streets of London • Boswell, vol, fl. p. 469.
caster period. From Henry VIIth's time the castles book ii.
+ Pennant, ut supra, p. 139.
Londinium Redivivum, vol. iii. p. 397.
thrown open, is called Pickett Street, after the Alder- never been brought to any certain issue.' What the
while he formed his designs on Mary, Queen of Scots, man who projected the improvements. Unfortu
Irishman said, is totally obliterated from my mind ; for which he was brought to the scaffold ; Leicester nately, they turned out to be on too large a scale ; that is to say, the houses were found to be too large
but I remember that he became very warm and in- was always having some ill design or other ; perhaps and expensive for the right side of the Strand in this temperate in his expressions ; upon which Johnson poisoned a visitor or so occasionally (for he thought quarter, the tide of traffic between the city and West- rose, and quietly walked away. When he had re- nothing of that gentle expediency); and Essex made minster flowing the other side of the way. The con. tired, his antagonist took his revenge, as he thought, the house famous by standing a seige in it against the sequence is,'that the houses are under-let, and that
troops of his mistress. The siege was not long, nor something of the old squalid look remains in the by saying, “He has a most ungainly figure, and an turning towards Clement's Inn, in spite of the huge affectation of pomposity, unworthy of a man of any of his actions in the business very wise; though pillared entrance. genius.'"
he was unquestionably a man of an exalted nature. Butcher Row, however squalid, contained houses
The ungainly figure might have been pardoned by Essex got into his troubles partly from heat and amworth eating and drinking in. Johnson frequented an eating-house there; and according to oidys, it the Irishman ; who, we suppose, was equally fiery bition, parily from the inferior and more cunning was “ in returning from the Bear and Harrow in and elegant. As to Johnson's pompous manner, the
nature of some of his rivals at court. There is no Butcher Row through Clare Market, to his lodgings most excusable part of it originated, doubtless, in his doubt that all these causes, together with his confiin Duke Street, that Lee, the dramatic poet, over
having decided opinions. The rest may have been an dence in Elizabeth's inability to proceed to extremiladen with wine, fell down, (on the ground, as some say,--according to others, on a bulk,) and was killed
instinct of self-defence, arising from the “ungainly ties, conspired to lead him into rebellion. His first. or stified in the snow. He was buried in the parish figure,” not without a sense of the dignity of his offence, that we hear of, next to a general petulance church of St. Clement Danes, aged about thirty-five calling. He certainly lost nothing by it, upon the of manner, which the Queen's own mixture of fond. years."'* “He was a very handsome as well as
whole. At all events, one is willing to think the ness and petulance was calculated enough to provoke, ingenious man,” says Oldys, “but given to debau. chery, which necessitated a milk diet. When some
best of what is accompanied by so much excellence. was a quarrel with some young lords for her favour ; of his university comrades visited him, he fell to Affectation it was not; for nobody despised preten- the second, his joining the expedition to Cadiz with. drinking out of all measure, which flying up into his
sion of any kind more than he did. Johnson was a out leave ; and the third, his marriage with the head caused his face to break out into those car
sort of born bishop in his way, with high judgments daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham; for Elizabeth buncles which were afterwards observed there; and also touched his brain, occasioning that madness so
and cathedral notions lording it in his mind; and, ex never thought it proper that her favourites should much lamented in so rare a genius. Tom Brown cathedra, he accordingly spoke. ·
be married to any thing but her “fair idea.” says he wrote, while he was in Bedlam, a play of
In Butcher Row, one day, Johnson met, in ad. His next dispute with her, which was on the subtwenty-five acts: and Mr. Bowman tells me that going once to visit him there, Lee shewed him a
vanced life, a fellow-collegian, of the name of Ed- ject of an assistant in the affairs of Ireland, to which scene, ‘in which,' says he, I have done a miracle wards, whom he had not seen since they were at the he was going as Lord Deputy, terminated in the for you.' What's that?' said Bowman. I have made university. Edwards annoyed him by talking of their singular catastrophe of his receiving from her a box: you a good priest.""
age. " Don't let us discourage one another," on the ear; with the encouraging addition of bidding Oldys mentions another of his mad sayings, but
said Johnson. It was this Edwards, a dull but good him "Go and be hanged." It is said to have been does not tell us with whom it passed.
man, who made that naive remark, which was pro- occasioned by his turning his back upon her, He "I've seen an unscrewed spider spin a thought, nounced by Burke and others to be an excellent trait clapped his hand to his sword, and swore he would And walk away upon the wings of angels !"
of character. “You are a philosopher, Dr. John- not have put up with such an insult from Henry VIII.
son,” said he: “I have tried in my time to be a His fail is generally dated from this circumstance, “What say you to that, Doctor ?" "Ah, marry, Mr. Lee, that's superfine indeed. The thought of a
philosopher; but, I don't know how, cheerfulness and it is thought he never forgave it. But surely winged spider may catch sublime readers of poetry was always breaking in." +
this is not a correct judgment : for the blow which sooner than his web, but it will need a commentary Before we come to St. Clement's, we arrive, on might have been intolerable from the hand of a king, in prose to render it intelligible to the vulgar.”+
the left-hand side of the way, at Essex Street; a spot implied, in its very extravagance, something not Lee's madness does not appear to have been melancholy, otherwise these anecdotes would not bear once famous for the residence of the favourite Earl of without flattery and self-abasement from that of a repeating. There are various stories of the origin of Essex. We have mentioned an Outer Temple, which princess. It was as if Elizabeth had put herself into · it; but, most probably, he had an over-sanguine
originally formed a companion to the Inner and the situation of a termagant wife. The quarrel preconstitution, which he exasperated by intemperance. Though he died so young, the author of a satyr on
Middle Temples, the whole constituting the tene. ceded the violence. Essex went to Ireland against the Poets gives us to understand that he was cor- ments of the knights. This Outer Temple stretched the rebels, but apparently with great unwillingness, pulent.
beyond Temple Bar into the ground now occupied by calling it in a letter to the queen the “cursedest of “Pembroke loved tragedy, and did provide
Essex Street and Devereux Court; and after being all islands,” and insinuating that the best thing that for the butchers' dogs, and for the whole Bank-side ;
possessed (Dugdale supposes) by the Prior and Canons could happen both to please her and himself was the The bear was fed ; but dedicating Lee
of the Holy Sepulchre, was transferred by them, in loss of his life in battle. The conclusion of this Was thought to have a greater paunch than he." $
the time of Edward III., to the Bishops of Exeter, who letter is a remarkable instance of the mixture of ·
occupied it till the reign of Henry VI., and called it This Pembroke, who loved a bear-garden, was the
romance with real life in those days. It is in verse, Exeter House. seventh earl of that title. His daughter married the
Sir William Paget (afterwards Lord terminating with the following pastoral sentiment.
Paget) then had it, and did “re-edify the same," Essex wishes he could live like a hermit "in some , son of Jefferies. Lee, on a visit to the earl at Wilton,
calling it Paget Place. After this it was occupied by unhaunted desert most obscure" is said to have drunk so hard, that “the butler feared
the Duke of Norfolk, who was executed for his deal. he would empty the cellar.” The madness of Lee is ings with Mary, Queen of Scots; then by Dudley,
From all society, from love and hate almost visible in his swelling and overladen dramas; Earl of Leicester, the favourite, who called it Leices.
Of worldly folk; then should he sleep secure. in which, however, there is a great deal of true poetic ter House, and bequeathed it to his "son, Sir Ro
Then wake again, and yield God every praise, fire, and a vein of tenderness that makes us heartily bert,” and then by the other favourite, Leicester's
Content with hips and hawes, and bramble-berry; pity the author. son-in-law, Essex, from whom it retained the name
In contemplation parting out his days, The social Boswell, in speaking of Johnson's eatingof Essex House. It was occasionally tenanted by Who when he dies, his tomb may be a bush,
And change of holy thoughts to make him merry... house in Butcher Row, does not approve of esta
men of rank till some time after the restoration, blishments of that sort. We shall see, by-and-bye, when it was pulled down, and the site converted into
Where harmless robin dwells with gentle thrush. ; that he was wrong. “Happening to dine," says he, the present street and court. The only remnant
Your Majesty's exiled servant, “at Clifton's eating-house in Butcher Row, I was
ROBERT ESSEX. : of it supposed to exist is the present Unitarian chapel, surprised to see Johnson come in and take his seat at which, before it became such, was called Essex House,
Think of this, being a letter from a Lord Lieuteanother table. The mode of dining, or rather being and latterly contained an auction room. I
nant of Ireland to his sovereign ! , Warton says from fed, at such houses in London, is well known to
The repose enjoyed in this precinct since the res.
the evidence of some sonnets preserved in the British many to be peculiarly unsocial, as there is no ordi
toration has been like silence after a succession of Museum, that although Essex was “an ingenious and nary or united company, but each person has his
storms, for the house was of a turbulent reputation. elegant writer of prose,” he was no poet. There is own mess, and is under no obligation to hold any in
The first bishop who had it after the Templars, being tercourse with any one. A liberal and full-minded
an ungainlines' in the lines we have just quoted, and a favourite of Edward II., was seized by the mob, man, however, who loves to talk, will break through
he was probably too much given to action to be a this churlish land unsocial restraint. Johnson and
hurried to Cheapside, where they beheaded him, and poet, but there is something in him that relished of an Irish gentleman got into a dispute concerning the then carried back a corpse, and buried in a heap the truth and directness of poetry when he had to
of sand at his door. Lord Paget got into trouble, cause of some part of mankind being black. Why,
touch upon any actual emotion. Poetry is nothing together with his friend the Duke of Somerset, who sir, (said Johnson,) it has been accounted for in
but the voluntary power to get at the inner spirit of was accused of intending to assassinate Northumberthree ways ; either by supposing that they are the
what is felt, with imagination to embody it. It was posterity of Ham, who was cursed; or that God at band and others at this house. Norfolk possessed it supposed that Essex's enemies first gat him into the first created two kinds of men, one black and another • Boswell, vol. i.
office of Lord Lieutenant, and then took advantage white; or that by the heat of the sun the skin is
† Idem, vol, iii. p. 331.
of his impatience under it to ruin him.
1 Dugdale's' Antiquities of Westminster. scorched, and so acquires a sooty hue. This matter
in the Museum, quoted in Londinium : Redivirum (rol, ij. has been much canvassed among naturalists, but has p. 282.) Brydges's Collins's Peerage. Belsham's Life of Lind.
To be Continued. sey. We have been thus minute in tracing the occupancies of
this honse, from the interest excited by some of the members * Biographia Dramatica, from Oldys's MS. Notes on Lang.
Pennant says, upon the anthority of the
Sydney Papers, that Leicester bequeathed it to his son-in-law, + Censura Literaria, vol. 1.
which appears probable, since the latter possessed it.
aps the Herald was confused by the name of Robert, which State Poems, vol. ij. p. 149.
LONDON: Published by H. Hooper, 13, Pall Mall East. belonged both to son and son-in-law.
Sparrow, Printer, 11, Crane Court, Fleet Street,
connected with it.
THEIR MEMORIES AND GREAT MEN.
THE STREETS OF THE METROPOLIS.
convicted of an intention to seize the court and the made, and that nothing is said of his face but that it tower, and to surprise the queen in her apartments, looked reserved, - a seeming anomaly, which deep
and then to summon a parliament for a "redress of thought sometimes produces in the countenances ar CHAPTER THE FOURTH (continued.)
grievances ;" which, he said, should give his enemies open-hearted men. These were no hindrances, how
a fair trial." Southampton was acquitted, no cver, to the admiration entertained of him by the ladies : House and history of the favourite Earl of Essex.- doubt from a sense that he intended nothing but a and he was so popular with authors and with the pubSpenser's visit there.—Essex, general of the Parliament.
romantic adherence to his friend. - Essex Head Club.-Devereux Court.-Grecian Coffee
lic, that Warton says he could bring evidence of his House.—Twining, the accomplished scholar.- St. Cle. How a man of Essex's understanding could give scarcely ever quitting England or even the metroment Dunes.-Clement's Inn.-Falstaff and Shallow. into these preposterous attempts, it would be diffi. polis, on the most frivolous enterprise, without a -Norfolk, Arundel, Surrey, and Howard Streets.
cult to conceive, if every day's experience did not pastoral or other poetical praise of him, which was Norfolk House.-Essex's Ring and the Countess of shew, how powerful a succession of little circumNottingham.-William Penn.-Birch.—Dr. Brockles
sold and sung in the streets. He was the friend of
were to try him, he smiled and jogged the elbow of visited Leicester there; and he follows up the record
He said to the Attorney General (Coke,) who had want of such assistance as he had received from his
“Robert the First of a kingdom, --" Well, Mr. make one a little jealous for the dignity of the great Aaron Hill.-Fielding.–Southampton Street, Cecil and Salisbury Streets.—Durham House.—Raleigh.- Attorney, I thank God you are not my judge this poet, were not the manners of that time different in Pennant on the word Place or Palace. New Ex- day, you are so uncharitable.”
this respect from what they are now. Speaking of change.-Don Pantaleon Sun.- The White Milliner.- Coke. “Well, my lord, we shall prove you anon,
the Temple in the lines quoted in our last chapter, Adelphi.- Garrick and his IVife. — Beauclerc. So
what you are; which your pride of heart, and aspir- he goes on to say,
Essex. “Ah, Mr. Attorney, lay your hand upon
Next whereunto there stands a stately place; : House and Buildings.-Squabble between the Spanish
your heart, and pray to God to forgive us both." * Where oft I gayned giftes and goodly grace and French Ambassadors. Hungerford Market.
And when sentence was passed, though it is not
Of that great lord, which therein wont to dwell. Craven Street.-Franklin.-Northumberland House.
Whose want too well now 'eels my friendless case:
But, ah! here fits not well
Against the bridale daye, which is not long: seemed to threaten her, in a tender way, with his
Sweet Themmes! runne softly till I end my song.
resolution to die. She left him, like a politic sove- Yet therein now doth lodge a noble peer,
Great England's glory, and the world's wide wonder,
Whose dreadfull name late through all Spaine did said to have described his army as a force with which
And Hercules' two pillars standing near
nation, of her shaking her on her death-bed, and Faire branch of honor, flower of chevalrie!
That fillest England with thy triumph's fame, him a tolerable reception, but afterwards confined
Joy have thou of thy noble victorie.
pire. In fact we believe there is no longer any Essex no doubt took the poet at his word, both for according to his confession before his death, that he
doubt of it. The ring, it is said, had been given to his panegyric and his hint : for it was he that gave first contemplated violent measures, though always
Essex, with a promise that it should serve him in Spenser his funeral in Westminster, and he was not short of treason, against the throne. Before his
need under any circumstances, if he did but send it. of a spirit to treat a grcat poet, as poets have someliberation, he was greatly soured by his ineffectual
It is supposed that the non-appearance of it hurt the times been treated since,—with neglect in their lifeattempts to renew his facility of admission to the pre- proud heart of Elizabeth, and finally allowed her to time, and self-complacent monuments to them after sence chamber ; and he let fall an expression which
let him die. Yet she was a great sovereign, and their death. his enemies greedily seized at; to wit, that the might have suffered the law to take its course, with We shall close this notice (in which we have “Queen grew old and cankered, and that her mind
whatever sorrow. She was jealous of her reputation endeavoured to concentrate all the interest we could), was become as crooked as her carcase."
with the old and cool-headed lords about her. When of the once great and applauded Essex, whose meexactly in his style, which was off-hand and ener
the death, however, had taken place, she might have mory long retained its popularity, and gave rise to getic, with a gusto of truth in it. Meantime he
fancied otherwise. Something preyed strongly on several tragedies, with a letter of his to the Lord began to have his friends about him more than ever,
her mind towards her decease, which happened Keeper Egerton, in which there is one of his finest and to affect a necessity for it; and a summons
within two years after his execution. She refused sentiments, expressed with his most passionate felicity. being sent him to attend the council, he was driven
to go to bed for ten days and nights before her death, Egerton's eldest son had accompanied Essex into by anger and fear to decline it, and to fortify himself lying upon the carpet with cushions about her, and Ireland, and died there, which is the subject of the in his house. His chief and most generous compa- absorbed in the profoundest melancholy. To be letter. As Spenser's death also happened just before nion on this occasion was Henry, Earl of Southamp
sure, this may have been disease. A princess like the Earl set out for that country, at a moment when ton, the friend of Shakspeare. There was some
Elizabeth, possessed of sovereign power, which had he might have been of political as well as poetical use little resistance, and the Lord Keeper, with the Lord
been sharply exercised on some doubtful occasions, to him (for Spenser was a politician, and had been Chief Justice and the Earl of Worcester, coming to
might have had misgivings when going to die. Two employed in the affairs of Ireland), Mr. Todd thinks, summon him to his allegiance, he locked them up in
certain causes of regret she must have had for Essex. that among the friends alluded to, part of the regret a room, on pretence of taking care of their persons,
She must have been well aware that she had alter. may have been for him. and then sallied through Fleet Street into the city, nately encouraged and irritated him over much; and ,
“Whatt can you receave from a cursed country where he expected a rising in his favour; for he was she must have known, too, that he was a better man
butt vnfortunate newes? whatt can be my stile the most popular noble, perhaps, that England had
than many who assisted in his overthrow, and that if (whom heaven and earth are agreed to make a marever seen; and the city had been disgusted by re
he had been less worthy of regard, he probably would tyr) butt a stile of mourning? nott for myself thatt peated levies on its purse, under pretence of invasions have survived her, as they did.
I smart, for I wold I had in my hart the sorow of all
my frends, but I mourn that my destiny is to overfrom Spain; though, according to Essex, Spain had
It may easily be imagined that Essex was a man
live my deerest frendes. Of yr losse yt is neither never been so much in favour. The levies, in truth,
for whom a strong affection might be entertained. good for me to write nor you to reade. But I prowere made against himself. He was disappointed ; He excited interest by his character, and could
test I felt myself sensibly dismembered, when I lost
Shew yr strength in lyfe. Lett me, yf yt heard himself proclaimed a traitor by sound of trummaintain it by his language. In every thing he did
be God's will, shew yt in taking leave of the world, pet in Gracechurch Street, and after a little more there was a certain excess, but on the liberal side.
and hasting after my frends. Butt I will live scuffling on the part of his adherents, returned by
When a youth, he plunged into the depths of rural and dy water from Queenhithe, and surrendered himself; pleasures and books: he was lavish of his money and
More yr Ip's then any
man's living, being partly moved, he said, by the “cries of ladies.” good word for his friends : he said every thing that
Essex.” It is clear that he did not know what to be at. He
came uppermost, but then it was worth saying, only “ Arbrackan, this last day of Jugust,” (1599). expected, most likely, every moment, that the queen's his enemies were not as well pleased with it as his
"Little,” tenderness would interfere, fearful of seeing her once
says Mr. Todd, "did the generous but friends, and they never forgot it : in fine, he was
unfortunate Essex then imagine, that the learned beloved favourite in danger. But the Cecils and romantic, brave, and impassioned. He is so like a statesman, to whom this letter of condolence was others aided her good sense in keeping her quiet. preux chevalier, that till we call to mind other gal- audressed, would be directed very soon afterwards to Essex had certainly acted in a way incompatible with lant knights who have not been handsome, we are
issue an order for his execution. The original warthe duty of a subject, and such as no sovereign could somewhat surprised to hear that he was not well
rant, to which the name of Elizabeth is prefixed, is tolerate. He was tried in Westminster Hall, and
* Todd's Edit. of Spenser, vol. i. p. cxli.
* Howell's State Trials, vol. i. p. 1343. SUPPLEMENT, No. 4.]
[From the Steam Press of C. & W. REYNELL, Little Pulteney-St.