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More sacred, and sequestered, though but feigned,
12. Thus, at their shady lodge arrived, both stood,
13. “But thou hast promised from us two a race
The Dream of Eve. MILTON.
2. Such whispering waked her, but with startled eye On Adam, whom embracing, thus she spake :
O sole, in whom my thoughts find all repose,
But of offense and trouble, which my
mind Knew never till this irksome night.
4. “Now reigns
5. “ I rose as at thy call, but found thee not:
6. “ His dewy locks distilled
7. “ This said, he paused not, but with vent'rous arm
8. “• Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve,
Partake thou also; happy though thou art,
9. “ So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held,
10. “Wondering at my flight and change
12. “ But know, that in the soul Are
many lesser faculties, that serve
13. “Oft in her absence mimic Fancy wakes
But with addition strange : yet be not sad:
14. “ Be not disheartened, then, nor cloud those looks,
15. So cheered he his fair spouse, and she was cheered;
16. So all was cleared, and to the field they haste.
17. “ These are thy glorious works, Parent of Good !
, ye sons of light,
* 19. So prayed they, innocent; and to their thoughts Firm peace recovered soon, and wonted calm.
LESSON XXIV. Chivalry* — Description of a Tilt. Scotr. [This singular institution, in which valor, gallantry and religion, were so strangely blended, was wonderfully adapted to the taste and genius of martial nobles; and its effects were soon visible in their man
War was carried on with less ferocity when humanity came to be deemed the ornament of knighthood, no less than courage. More gentle and polished manners were introduced when courtesy was recommended as the most amiable of knightly virtues. Violence and oppression decreased when it was reckoned meritorious to check and to punish them. A scrupulous adherence to truth, with the most religious attention to fulfill every engagement, became the distinguishing characteristic of a gentleman, because chivalry was regarded as the school of honor, and inculcated the most delicate sensibility with respect to those points. The admiration of these qualities, together with the high distinctions and prerogatives conferred on knighthood in every part of Europe, inspired persons of noble birth, on some occasions, with a species of military fanaticism, and led them to extravagant enterprises. But they deeply imprinted on their minds the principles of generosity and honor. These were strengthened by everything that can affect the senses, or touch the heart. The wild exploits of those romantic knights who sallied forth in quest of adventures are well known, and have been treated with proper ridicule. The political and
permanent effects of the spirit of chivalry have been less observed. Perhaps the humanity which accompanies all the operations of war, the refinements of gallantry, and the point of honor, – the three chief circumstances which distinguish modern from ancient manners, - may be ascribed in a great measure to this institution, which has appeared whimsical to superficial observers, but by its effects has proved of great benefit to mankind. The sentiments which chivalry inspired had a wonderful influence on manners and conduct during the twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries. They were so deeply rooted that they continued to operate after the vigor and reputation of the institution itself began to decline.]
1. The Passage of Arms, as it was called, which was to take place at Ashby, in the County of Leicester, as champions
* Chivalry was a military dignity, founded on the services of soldiers on horseback, called knights. These knights, clad in armor, wandered about in quest of adventures, having for their object the protection of innocence, the redress of grievances, and the punishment of wrongs." They were frequently invited, by the princes and nobles of their day, to be present on festivals and great occasions; and exhibitions of their skill and prowess were made for the amusement of the prince and his court. Such exhibitions were called Tilts and Tournaments. A Tilt was merely a contest between knights with spears, each endeavoring to unhorse the other by a thrust of the spear, as they rode furiously towards each other. The Tournament, on the contrary, allowed the use of other weapons, such as the sword and the battle-axe. These contests were sometimes single combats, and sometimes combats of parties led by their respective leaders.