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26 cified him. And the inscription of his accusation was . 2" written over; The King Of The Jews. And with him they crucify two robbers; one on his right band, and
28 another on his left. [And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, "And he was numbered among the trans- 29 gressors."] And those who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying, "Ah, thou that destroyest 30 the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself,
31 and come down from the cross." In like manner the chief-priests and the scribes also derided him among themselves, and said, "He saved others; himself he can
32 not save. Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." And
33 those who were crucified with him reproached him. And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over
34 the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" which is, being interpreted, My
35 God, my God, wherefore hast thou forsaken me? And some of those who stood by, when they heard it, said,
36 "Behold, he calleth for Elijah." And one ran, and filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it about a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, "Forbear ye; let us see
37 whether Elijah will come to take him down." Then Jesus sent forth a loud cry, and expired.
38 And the veil of the temple was rent in two, from the
39 top to the bottom. And when the centurion, who stood by over against him, saw that he thus cried out, and expired, he said, "Truly this man was the son of a god*."
40 And there were women also beholding at a distance; among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome;
41 (now these, when he was in Galilee, followed him also, and ministered unto him;) and many other women, who came up with him to Jerusalem.
42 And when evening was now come, because it was the day of preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,
43 Joseph of Arimathea, a senator of rank, and who also himself looked for the kingdom of God, came, and courageously went in to Pilate, and asked for the body of
44 Jesus. And Pilate wondered that he was already dead: and he called to him the centurion, and asked him whe
45 ther Jesus had been any while dead. And when he knew
46 it from the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph: who bought linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which had been hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone to the door of the
47 sepulchre. And Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses, beheld where he was laid.
Ch. Xvi. And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought sweet spices, that they might go and anoint him.
2 And very early in the morning of the first day of the week, they come to the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
3 And they said among themselves, "Who shall roll away
4 the stone for us from the door of the sepulchre?" (But when they looked, they see that the stone was rolled
5 away:) for it was very great. And they entered into the sepulchre, and saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a white robe; and they were astonished.
6 And he saith unto them, "Be not astonished: ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified: he is risen; he is
7 not here; see the place where they laid him. But depart, tell his disciples, and Peter, that he will go before you into Galilee: there ye shall see him, as'he said unto
8 you." And they went out, and fled from the sepulchre; and trembling and amazement seized them; nor said they any thing to any one; for they were afraid.
9 * Now Jesus rose early on the first day of the week;
* Many copies omit the twelve last verses of this chapter; probably, as Jerom says, because they were thought to be UTecoueueable with the other aeeounts of our Lord's resurreetion. Neweome.
and appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he
10 had cast seven demons*. She went and told those that
11 had been with him, as they mourned and wept. But when they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, they believed not.
12 And after that, he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they were walking, and going into the
13 country. And they went and told it to the rest: but they believed not them also.
14 Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves, as they were at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and perverseness of heart, because they believed not those who had seen him after he was risen.
15 And he said unto them, "Go ye into all the world,
16 and preach the gospel to every creature. He who believeth, and is baptized, shall be savedt; but he who be
17 lieveth not shall be condemned. And these signs shall follow those who believe: In my name they shall cast
18 out demons; they shall speak in new languages; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them: they shall put their hands on the sick, who shall recover."
19 So then, after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was taken up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
20 And they went forth, and preached every where; the Lord working with them, and confirming the word by signs followingf.
* i. e. whom Jesus had cured of raving madness. So Celsus understood the expression. See Farmer on Deen. p. 105.
t He, who professes faith in me, shall be admitted to the privileges of the christian community: he, who does not belicve, shall remain under all the disadvantages of a heathen state.
t At the close of the history some postscripts add, "The gospel aeeording to Mark was written in Latin, at Rome; others say in Egypt; that it was suggested by Peter to Mark the evangelist, by whom it was preached at Alexandria, and in all the ncighbouring country: also, that it was published ten or twelve yean after the aseension of Chriss,"—Thest postseripts sop not of great authority.^
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO
1 Since many have undertaken to prepare an account of
2 those things which are fully believed among us; according as those delivered them unto us, who from the be
3 ginning were eye-witnesses, and ministers of the Word* ; it hath seemed good to me also, having gained exact knowledget of all things from the first, to write them unto thee
4 in order, most excellent Theophilus; that thou mayest know the certainty of those things, in which thou hast been instructedf.
• Viz. Christ. See John i. 1, and Cappe's Crit. Rem. p. 19.
% The remaining verses of this, and the whole of the second chapter, are printed, (in the English edition,) in Italies, as an indication that they are of doubtful authority: for though they arc- to be found in all manuscripts and versions which are now extant, yet the following considerations have induced many to doubt whether they were really written by Luke:
1. The evangelist expressly affirms, that Jesus had completed his thirticth year in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Cesar, chap. iii. 1. 23. He must, therefore, have been born fifteen years before the death of Augustus, A. U. C. 752 or 753: but the latest pcriod assigned for the death of Herod is the spring of A. U. C. 751, and he dicd, probably, the year before. See Lardner's Works, vol. i. p. 423—128, and Jones's Developement of Facts, vol. i. p. 365—368. Herod therefore must have been dead upwards of two years before Christ was born. A fact which invalidates the whole nuration. See Gratia* on Luke iii. 23.
2. The two first chapters of this gospel were wanting in the copics used by Marcion, a reputed heretic of the second century: who, though he is represented by his. adversarics as holding some extravagant opinions, was a man of learning and integrity, for any thing that appears to the contrary. He, like some modems, rejected all she
5 In the days of Herod, the king of Judea, there was a certain priest named Zachariah, of the course of Abijah: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name
6 was Elisabeth. And they were both righteous in the sight of God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances
7 of the Lord unblameably. And they had no child, because Elisabeth was barren; and they were both far advanced in years.
8 And it came to pass that, while he executed the priest's
9 office before God in the order of his course, according to the
evangelieal histories exeepting Luke; of which he contended that his own was a correct and authentic copy.
3. The evangelist, in his preface to the history of the Acts of the Apostles , reminds hit friend Theophilus, Acts i. 1, that his former history contained an aeeount of the public ministry of Jesus, but makes no allusion to the remarkable incidents contained in the two first chapters: which, therefore, probably were not w ritu ti by him.
4. If the aeeount of the miraculous coneeption of Jesus be true, he could not be the. offsprine; of David and of Abraham; from whom it was predicted, and by the Jews expeeted, that the Messiah should descend.
5. There is no allusion to any of these extraordinary faets in either of the suceeeding histories of Luke, or in any other books of the New Testament. Jesus is uniformly spoken of as the son of Joseph and Mary, and as a native of Nazareth ; and no expectation wha Lever appears to have been excited in the public mind by these wonderful and notorious events.
6. The style of the two first chapters is different from the rest of the history—the date of the earolment, chap. ii. 1,2, is a great historical difficulty—that John the Baptist should have been ignorant of the person of Christ is not probable, if this narrative be true: Jobn i . 31—34. Aral there are many other circumstanees in the story which wear an improbable and fabulous aspeet. Evansou's Disson. ch. i. see. 3. p. 57.
See likew ise the note upon the two first chapters of Matthew, and the references there.
It has been objeeted, that so large and gross an interpolation could not have eseaped detection,and would never have been so early and so generally received.
In reply to this objeetion it is observed; that this interpolation was not admitted into the Hebrew copics of Matthew's gospel, nor into Marciinfs copics of Luke—that it is notorious that forged writings under the names of the apostles were in circulation almost from the apostolic age. See 2 Thess. ii. 2.—that the orthodox charge the hereties with corrupting the text; and that the hereties recriminate upon the orthodox—also that it was much easier to introduce interpolations when copics were few and searee, than since they have been multiplicd to so great a degree by means of the press: and finally, that the interposition in question would, to the generality of Christians, be extremely gratifying, as it would lessen the odium attached to Christianity from its founder being a crueified Jew, and would elevate him to the dignity of the heroes and eWiri-gods of the heathen mythology.