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wherein we stand, and boast, in the hope of the glory of 3 God. (And not only so, but we boast also in afflictions; 4 knowing that affliction worketh patience ; and patience, 5 experience ; and experience, hope. And hope will not
make us ashamed ; for the love of God is shed abroad in
our hearts, by the holy spirit which hath been given us.) 6 For though we were weak, still Christ died in due season 7 for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will
any one die : (yet perhaps for a good man some would 8 even dare to die :) but God enhanceth* his love toward
us, in that, while we were still sinners, Christ died for 9 us. Much more therefore, having been now justified by
his blood, we shall be saved from anger through him. 10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to
God by the death of his son, much more, having been il reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not only
80, but we boast likewise in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the recon
ciliation. 12 Concerning this mattert, as by one man sin entered into
the world, and death by sin ; and thus death hath passed 13 upon all men, inasmuch as all have sinned : (for until the
law, sin was in the world : but sin is not imputed, when 14 there is no law: nevertheless, death reigned from Adam
to Moses, even over those that had not sinned after the
likeness of Adam's trangression, who is a resemblancef of 15 him that was to come :) yet the free gift likewise is not
so, as was the offence; for if through the offence of one, manyl have died; much more the favour of God, and
the gift which is through the favour of one man, Jesus 16 Christ, hath abounded unto many9. Neither is the gift
* Or, magnifieth, or maketh more conspicuous. See ch. ii. 5.
So then, Wakefield.
80, as it was by one who sinned : for the judgement was
of one offence to condemnation, but the free gift is of 17 many offences to justification. For if, by the offence of
one, death reigned by one ; much more those who re
ceive the abounding of favour and of the gift of justifica18 tion, will reign in life by one, even Jesus Christ. So
then as, by the offence of one, judgement came upon all men to condemnation; so likewise, by the righteousness
of one, the free gift hath come upon all men to justifica19 tion of life. For as by the disobedience of one many*
were made sinners, so likewise by the obedience of one 20 many* will be made justt. Now the law entered in
privily, so that offences abounded. But where sin abound21 ed, the favour of God hath much more abounded : that,
as sin hath reigned through death, so favour likewise might reign by justification to everlasting life, by Jesus
Christ our Lord. CH. VI. What shall we say then ? shall we continue in sin, 2 that the favour of God may abound ? By no means.
How shall we, that have died to sin, live any longer in 3 it? Know ye not that as many of us as have been bap
tized into Jesus Christ, have been baptized into his death ? 4 We were therefore buried with him by baptism into
(death ; that, as Christ was raised from the dead by the ( glorious power of the Father, so we also should walk in 5 newness of life. For if we have been planted together in
Gr, the many. + Though the construction of this paragraph is intricate and obscure, nothing can be more obvious than this, that it is the apostle's intention to represent all mankind, without exception, as deriving greater benefit from the mission of Christ, than they suffered injury from the fall of Adam. The universality of the apostle's expressions is very remarkable. The same i many," who were made sinners by the disobedience of the one, are made righteous by the obedience of the other. If all men are condemned by the offence of one, the same all are justified by the righteousness of the other. These universal terms, so frequently repeated, and so variously diversified, cannot be reconciled to the limitation of the blessings of the gospel to the elect alone, or to a part only of the human race. Compare 1 Cor. xv. 22, 23. See Chauncy on Univer: sal Salvation, Prop. tv. p. 22, ete.
the likeness of his death, we shall be planted together
in the likeness of his resurrection also : knowing this, 6 that our old man hath been crucified with him, that
the body of sin might be destroyed, that we should no 7 longer be servants to sin. For he that is dead, is set free 8 from sin. But, I say, if we have died with Christ, we
believe that we shall live also with him : knowing that 9 Christ, having been raised from the dead, dieth no more ; 10 death hath no more dominion over him. For in that he
died, he died with regard to sin once : but in that he 11 liveth, he liveth with regard to God. In like manner,
reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed, with regard to
sin, but alive, with regard to God, through Jesus Christ*. 12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that '13 ye should obey itt: nor yield your members to sin, as
instruments of unrighteousness; but yield yourselves to
God, as those that are alive from the dead, and yield your 14 members to God, as instruments of righteousness. For
sin shall not have dominion over you : for ye are not un
der law, but under a covenant of favour. 15 What then ? shall we sin because we are not under 16 law, but under a covenant of favour? By no means. Know
ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey,
his servants ye are whom ye obey ; whether of sin [unto 17 death), or of obedience unto justification ?. But thanks be
to God, that though ye were the servants of sin, yet ye
have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which 18 ye were delivered over ; and, having been made free fron 19 sin, are become the servants of righteousness : (I speak
familiarlyf, because of the weakness of your flesh) for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness,
and to iniquity, unto iniquity ; so now yield your mein20 bers servants to righteousness, unto holiness. For when 21 ye were the servants of sin, ye were free with regard to
* Jesus Christ our Lord. R. T. + obey it in the lusts thereof. R. T.
Wakefield. Av@gwTivor afyw, “ I speak according to a human manner, " N.
righteousness. What fruit therefore had ye at that time
in the things of which ye are now ashamed ? for the end 22 of those things is death. But now, having been made
free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness; and the end, everlasting life. For the
of sin are* death : but the free gift of God is* ever. lasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. CH. vir. Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to those who
know the law,) that the law hath dominion over a person 2 as long as it subsisteth ? For the woman that hath an
husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as
he liveth ; but if the husband die, she is delivered from 3 the law of her husband. So then if, while her husband
liveth, she be married to another man, she will be called an adultress : but if her husband die, she is free from
that law; so that she is no adultress, though she be mar4 ried to another man. Wherefore, my brethren, ye also
have been made dead to the law by the body of Christ ; that ye might be married to another, even to him who
hath been raised from the dead, that we might bring forth 5 fruit unto God. For, when we were in the flesh, the
sinful passions, which were under the law, wrought in 6 our members, to bring forth fruit unto death : but now
we are delivered from the law, having died to thatt by which we were holden ; so that we serve in the newness of the spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
What shall we say then? 18 the law sin ? By no means : nay, I had not known sin, but by the law : for
I had not known the guilt of desire, unless the law had 8 said, 56 Thou shalt not desire.” But sin took occasion
by the commandment, and wrought in me all manner of 9 desire ; for, without law, sin is dead. Now I was alive 11 was appointed unto life, I found to be unto death.
without law once : but, when the commandment came, 10 sin revived, and I died : and the commandment, which
* will be, N.
+ that being dead by which, ete. R. T.
For sin, having taken occasion by the commandment, deceiv12 ed me, and by it put me to death. So that the law is
holy; and the commandment holy, and just, and good. 13 Was then that which is good made death unto me? By
no means : but sin : that it might appear sin, working
death in me by that which is good ; that sin through* the 14.commandment might become exceedingly sinful. For
we know that the law is spiritual : but I am carnal, sold 15 to sin. That which I do, I approve not : for what I 16 would, that I do not ; but what I hate, that I do. But
if I do that which I would not, I consent to the law, that 17 it is good. And now it is no more I that do it, but sin 18 which dwelleth in me. For I know that in me (that is,
in my flesh), dwelleth no goodt : for to will is pre
sent with me ; butt to perform that which is good, I 19 find not. For the good which I would, I do not ; but 20 the evil which I would not, that I do. But if I do that
which I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin 21 which dwelleth in me. I find therefore a law, thal,
when I am willing to do good, evil is present with me. 22 For I delight in the law of God, according to the inner 23 man ; but I see another law in my members, warring
against the law of my mind, and bringing me into cap24 tivity to the law of sin, which is in my members. O
wretched me! who will deliver me from the body of this 25 death ? I thank God that I am delivered, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
So then I, the same man, with my mind serve the law of God ;. but with my flesh, the law of sin. CH. VIII. There is therefore now no condemnation to those 2 that are in Christ Jesus. For the law of the spirit of
fife, by Christ Jesus, hath made me free from the law of
by the commandment, N.
+ no good thing, N. # how to perform, N. “ the complete performance of what is good,” Wakefiekl. | who walk fot after the flesh, but after the spirit, R. T.