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JIAN SOCIALIST SERIES

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ts of a revised, collected, and classified edition of of the most valuable of the fam xabian Tracts' style more suitable for the general reading public, supplying in a handy and attractive form the best and

authoritative thought on · What Socialism Means.' ch booklet contains not less than 96 well-printed pages, od paper and good type, and is supplied in two forms, e, in attractive wrappers at 6d. each, nett, and in quarter oth boards, gilt top, at 1s. each, nett. Postage id. and 4. each respectively.

VOLUMES NOW READY:
I. SOCIALISM AND RELIGION. CONTENTS: (1) Christian Socialisin,

by the Rev. Stewart D. Headlam. (2) Socialism and Christianity, by the Rev.
Percy Dearmer. (3) Socialism and the Teaching of Christ, by the Rev. John
Clifford. (4) A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich, by John
Woolman, of the Society of Friends.

II. SOCIALISM AND AGRICULTURE. CONTENTS: (1) The Village and

the Landlord, by Edward Carpenter. (2) State Aid to Agriculture, by T. S. Dymond. (3) The Secret of Rural Depopulation, by Lieut.-Col. D. C. Pedder. (4) The Revival of Agriculture, by the Fabian Society.

III. SOCIALISM AND INDIVIDUALISM. CONTENTS: (1) The Diffi

culties of Individualisın, by Sidney Webb. (2) The Moral Aspects of Socialisin, by Sidney Ball. (3) The Impossibilities of Anarchism, by G. Bernard Shaw. (4) Public Service versus Private Expenditure, by Sir Oliver Lodge.

IV. THE BASIS AND POLICY OF SOCIALISM. CONTENTS: (1) Facts

for Socialists, by the Fabian Society. (2) Capital and Land, by the Fabian Society. (3) Socialism : True and False, by Sidney Webb. (+) Twentieth Century Politics, by Sidney Webb.

LONDON :
A. C. FIFIELD, 44 FLEET STREET, E.C.

and The Fabian Society, 3 Clement's Inn, Strand, W.C.

which we have to work. Such advances serve as palliatives of existing evils, as educational examples to the slow of understanding, as encouragements to the cautious and conservative. But whether the advance be slow or rapid, this we hold indisputable, that until the workers of this and every other country collectively own and control the instruments they must work with, till then are liberty and manhood impossible for the majority; and that until we cease to pay to non-effectives the half of our annual sustenance, it will be impossible for the many to obtain that existence and education in youth, that security and leisure in old age, and those opportunities for human and appreciative life, which the resources of our country and our civilization are amply sufficient to yield them.

BASIS OF THE FABIAN SOCIETY.

The FABIAN SOCIETY consists of Socialists.

It therefore aims at the re-organization of Society by the emancipation of Land and Industrial Capital from individual and class ownership, and the vesting of them in the community for the general benefit. In this way only can the natural and acquired advantages of the country be equitably shared by the whole people.

The Society accordingly works for the extinction of private property in Land and of the consequent individual appropriation, in the form of Rent, of the price paid for permission to use the earth, as well as for the advantages of superior soils and sites.

The Society, further, works for the transfer to the community of the administration of such industrial Capital as can conveniently be managed socially. For, owing to the monopoly of the means of production in the past, industrial inventions and the transformation of surplus income into Capital have mainly enriched the proprietary class, the worker being now dependent on that class for leave to earn a living. - If these measures be carried out, without compensation (though not without such relief to expropriated individuals as may seem fit to the community), Rent and Interest will be added to the reward of labor, the idle class now living on the labor of others will necessarily disappear, and practical equality of opportunity will be maintained by the spontaneous action of economic forces with much less interference with personal liberty than the present system entails.

For the attainment of these ends the Fabian Society looks to the spread of Socialist opinions, and the social and political changes consequent thereon, including the establishment of equal citizenship for men and women. It seeks to achieve these ends by the general dissemination of knowledge as to the relation between the individual and Society in its economic, ethical and political aspects.

FABIAN SOCIALIST SERIES

consists of a revised, collected, and classified edition of some of the most valuable of the fam xabian Tracts' in a style more suitable for the general reading public, and supplying in a handy and attractive form the best and most authoritative thought on · What Socialism Means.' Each booklet contains not less than 96 well-printed pages, good paper and good type, and is supplied in two forms, i.e., in attractive wrappers at 6d. each, nett, and in quarter cloth boards, gilt top, at 1s. each, nett. Postage id. and 2d. each respectively.

VOLUMES NOW READY: 1. SOCIALISM AND RELIGION. Contents: (1) Christian Socialisin,

by the Rev. Stewart D. Headlam. (2) Socialism and Christianity, by the Rev. Percy Dearmer. (3) Socialism and the Teaching of Christ, by the Rev. John Clifford. (4) A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich, by John

Woolman, of the Society of Friends. II. SOCIALISM AND AGRICULTURE. CONTENTS: (1) The Village and

the Landlord, by Edward Carpenter. (2) State Aid to Agriculture, by T. S. Dymond. (3) The Secret of Rural Depopulation, by Lieut.-Col. D. C. Pedder.

(4) The Revival of Agriculture, by the Fabian Society. III. SOCIALISM AND INDIVIDUALISM. CONTENTS: (1) The Diffi

culties of Individualism, by Sidney Webb. (2) The Moral Aspects of Socialism,
by Sidney Ball. (3) The Impossibilities of Anarchism, by G. Bernard Shaw
(4) Public Service versus Private Expenditure, by Sir Oliver Lodge.

IV. THE BASIS AND POLICY OF SOCIALISM. CONTENTS: (1) Facts

for Socialists, by the Fabian Society. (2) Capital and Land, by the Fabian Society. (3) Socialism : True and False, by Sidney Webb. (4) Twentieth Century Politics, by Sidney Webb.

LONDON : A. C. FIFIELD, 44 FLEET STREET, E.C.

and The Fabian Society, 3 Clement's Inn, Strand, W.C.

CABIAN SOCIETY.-The Fabian Sooiety oonsists of Socialists. A stater ment of its Rules and the following publioations oan be obtained from tho

Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 3 Olemeni's Inn, London, W.O. THIS MISERY OF BOOTS. By H. G. WELLS. Paper cover, design

by A. G. Watts. 3d., post free 4d.; 2/3 per doz., post free, 2/7. FABIANISM AND THE EMPIRE: A Manifesto. 18. net, FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM. (43rd Thousand.) Paper cover, 1/-; plain oloth, 2/-, post free from the Seoretary,

FABIAN TRACTS and LEAFLETS. Tracts, each 16 to 52 pp., price ld., or 9d. per dos., unless otherwise stated.

Leaflets, 4 pp. each, price id. for six copres, 13. per 100, or 8/6 per 1000. The Set of 81, 38.; post free 3/5. Bound in Buckram, 4/6; post free for 58 1.-General Socialism in its various aspects.

TRACT8.-121. Public Service versus Private Expenditure. By Sir OLIVER
LODGE. 113. Communism. By WM. MORRIS. 107. Socialism for Million.
aires. By BERNARD SHAW. 133. Socialism and Christianity. By Rev.
PERCY DEARMER. 78. Socialism and the Teaching of Christ. By Dr.
JOHN CLIFFORD. 87. The same in Welsh. 42. Christian Socialism. By
Rev. 8. D. HEADLAM. 79. A Word of Remembrance and Caution to
the Rich. By JOHN WOOLMAN. 75. Labor in the Longest Reign. By
SIDNEY WEBB. 72. The Moral Aspects of Socialism. By SIDNEY BALL.
69. Difficulties of Individualism. By SIDNEY WEBB. 51. Socialism : True
and False. By S. WEBB. 45. The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By
BERNARD SHAW (price 2d.). 15. Englisb Progress towards Social Demo-
cracy. By S. WEBB. 7. Capital and Land (6th edn. revised 1904). 5. Facts
for Socialists (10th edn., revised 1906). LEAFLET8—13. What Socialism Is.
1. Why are the Many Poor? 38. The same in Welsh.
-Applications of Socialism to Particular Problems.
TRACTS.—136. The Village and the Landlord. By EDWARD CARPENTER.
135. Paupers and Old Age Pensions. By SIDNEY WEBB. 131. The Decline
in the Birth-Rate. By SIDNEY WEBB. 130. Home Work and Sweating.
By Miss B. L. HUTCHINS. 128. The Case for a Legal Minimum Wage.
126. The Abolition of Poor Law Guardians. 122. Municipal Milk and
Public Health. By Dr. F. LAWSON DODD. 120. “After Bread, Education."
125. Municipalization by Provinces. 119. Public Control of Electrical
Power and Transit. 123. The Revival of Agriculture. 118. The Secret
of Rural Depopulation. 115. State Aid to Agriculture: an Example.
112. Life in the Laundry. 98. State Railways for Ireland. 124. State
Control of Trusts. 86. Municipal Drink Traffic. 85. Liquor Licensing
at Home and Abroad. 84. Economics of Direct Employment. 83. State
Arbitration and the Living Wage. 48. Eight Hours by Law. 23. Case
for an Eight Hours Bill. 47. The Unemployed. By JOHN BURNS, M.P.

LEAFLET. -104. How Trade Unions benefit Workmen.
III.-Local Government Powers: How to use them.

TRACT8.-137. Parish Councils and Village Life. 117. The London
Education Act, 1903 : how to make the best of it, rog. Cottage Plans
and Common Sense. By RAYMOND UNWIN. 76. Houses for the People.
99. Local Government in Ireland. 82. Workmen's Compensation Act.
New edition for the Act of 1906. 62. Parish and District Councils. 54.
The Humanizing of the Poor Law. By J. F. DAKESHOTT. LEAFLETS.
68. The Tenant's Sanitary Catechism. 71. Same for London. 134.
Small Holdings, Allotments and Common Pastures: and how to get
them. FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM, FIRST SERIES (Nos. 32, 36,
37). Municipalization of the Gas Supply. The Scandal of London's
Markets. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. SECOND SERIES (Nos.
go to 97). Municipalization of Milk Supply. Municipal Pawnshops.
Municipal Slaughterhouses. Women as Councillors. Municipal
Bakeries. Municipal Hospitals. Municipal Steamboats. – Second

Series in a red cover for 1d. (93. per doz.); separate leaflets, 1/- per 100. IV.-Books. 132. A Guide to Books for Socialists. 29. What to Read

on social and economic subjects. 6. not. 129. More Books to Read.

Supplement to October, 1906. .-General Politics and Fabian Policy.

127. Socialism and Labor Policy. 116. Fabianism and the Fiscal Question: an alternative policy. 108. Twentieth Century Politics. By SIDNEY WEBB. 70. Report on Fabian Policy. 41. The Fabian Society:

its Early History. By BERNARD SHAW VI.- Question Leaflets. Questions for Candidates : 20, Poor Law Guard

ians. 28, County Councils, Rural. 102, Metropolitan Borough Councils, BOOK Boxes lent to Societies, Clubs, Trade Unions, for 10s. & year.

Printed by G. Standring, 7 Finsbury St., London, E.C., and published by the Fablan Society,

WHAT SOCIALISM IS.

private parents his woners for

What “Unsocialism ” Is. We English have a habit of speaking of England as if it belonged to us. We are wrong : England is now private property ; and if a laboring man out of employment makes so free with “his country" as to lie down for a night's sleep on it without paying its owners for the accommodation, he is imprisoned as a rogue and a vagabond. The price we must pay rises as the population grows ; for the more people there are, the higher they will bid against one another for their dwellings and places of business. In London, for instance, the price paid annually to the ground landlords for the use of the soil alone is £16,000,000 ; and it goes up by £304,634 every year, without counting the additional charge for new buildings, or repairs and improvements to old ones. After payments of one sort or another to the owners of the whole country have been deducted from the produce of the workers' labor, the balance left for wages is so small, that if every working-class family got an equal share, each share would come to less than £130 a year, which (though it would seem a fortune to many poor people) is not enough for a comfortable living, much less for saving. Nevertheless the proprietary classes, without working at all for it, divide among them enough to give over two hundred thousand rich families more than £ 1,000 a year, and still leave more than £ 300 a year per family for over a million and a quarter families of moderately well-off people in addition to what they make by their professions and businesses.

The Extreme Cases. The above figures, bad as they are, only represent averages, and give no idea of the extreme cases of wealth and poverty. Some of our great landowners get upwards of £4,000 a week without ever doing a stroke of work for it ; whilst the laborers on their estates, working early and late from the time they are lads until they go into the union as aged and worn-out paupers, get eleven shillings a week. As women get lower wages than men when they work, but receive just as large incomes from property when they are rich and idle, a comparison between the share of our yearly produce that goes to a poor working woman at the East end of London, working sixteen hours a day for a shilling, and the rich, idle lady at the West end, is still more startling. If you doubt these statements, read Fabian Tract No. 5, “Facts for Socialists," in which you will find hundreds of the most terrible figures concerning the misery caused by our

present social system, with full references to standard authorities for the very one of them.

What Comes of Inequality. If you are a person of common sense and natural feeling, you must have often thought over these inequalities and their cruel in.

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