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ABIAN SOCIETY.-The Fablan Sooiety consists of Boolaliste. A state

ment of ite Rules and the following publications can be obtained from the

Seoretary, at the Fabian Office, 3 Clement's Inn, London, W.O. THIS MIŠERY OF BOOTs. By H. G. WELLS. Paper cover, design

by A. G. Watts. 3d., post free 4d.; 2/3 per doz., post free, 217. FABIANISM AND THE EMPIRÉ: A Manifesto.

IS. post free.
FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM. (43rd Thousand.)
Paper cover, 1/- ; plain cloth, 2/-, post free from the Seoretary.

FABIAN TRACTS and LEAFLETS.
Tracts, each 16 to 52 pp., price ld., or 9d. per dos., unless otherwise stated.

Leaflets, 4 pp. each, price ld. for six copres, 18. per 100, or 8/6 per 1000. The Set of 81, 38.; post free 3/5. Bound in Buckram, 4/6; post free for 58. 1.-General Socialism in its various aspects.

TBACTS.—121. Public Service versus Private Expenditure. By Sir OLIVER LODGE. 113. Communism. By Wm. MORRIS. 107. Socialism for Millionaires. By BERNARD SHAW: 133. Socialism and Christianity. By Rev. PERCY DEARMER. 78. Socialism and the Teaching of Christ. By Dr. JOHN CLIFFORD. 87. The same in Welsh. 42. Christian Socialism. By Rev. 8. D. HEADLAM. 79. A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich. By JOHN WOOLMAN. 75. Labor in the Longest Reign. By SIDNEY WEBB. 72. The Moral Aspects of Socialism. By SIDNEY BALL. 69. Difficulties of Individualism. By SIDNEY WEBB. 51. Socialism : Tiae and False. By 8. WEBB. 45. The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By BERNARD SHAW (price 2d.). 15. English Progress towards Social Democracy. By S. WEBB. 7. Capital and Land (6th edn. revised 1904). 5. Facts for Socialists (10th edn., revised 1906). LEAFLETS-13. What Socialism Is.

1. Why are the Many Poor? 38. The same in Welsh. 11.--Applications of Socialism to Particular Problems.

TRACTS.—131. The Decline in the Birth-Rate. By SIDNEY WEBB. 130. Home Work and Sweating. By Miss B. L. HUTCHINS. 128. The Case for a Legal Minimum Wage. 126. The Abolition of Poor Law Guardians. 122. Municipal Milk and Public Health. By Dr. F. Law. SON DODD. 120. “After Bread, Education." 125. Municipalization by Provinces. 119. Public Control of Electrical Power and Transit. 123. The Revival of Agriculture. 118. The Secret of Rural Depopulation. 115. State Aid to Agriculture: an Example. 112. Life in the Laundry. 98. State Railways for Ireland. 124. State Control of Trusts. 86. Muni. cipal Drink Traffic. 85. Liquor Licensing at Home and Abroad. 84. Economics of Direct Employment. 83. State Arbitration and the Living Wage. 48. Eight Hours by Law. 23. Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 47. The Unemployed. By JOHN BURNS, M.P. LEAFLET.—104. How

Trade Unions benefit Workmen.
III.-Local Government Powers : How to use them.

TRACTg.-117. The London Education Act, 1903 : how to make the best of it, 111. Reform of Reformatories and Industrial Schools. By H, T. HOLMES. 10g. Cottage Plans and Common Sense. By RAYMOND UNWIX. 103. Overcrowding in London and its Remedy. By W. C. STEADMAN. 76. Houses for the People. 99. Local Government in Ireland. 82. Workmen's Compensation Act. New edition for the Act of 1906. 62. Parish and District Councils. 54. The Humanizing of the Poor Law. By J. F. OAKEBHOTT. LEAFLETS.-68. The Tenant's Sanitary Catechism. zi. Same for London. 63. Parisb Council Cottages and how to get them. 58. Allotments and how to get them. FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM, FIRST SERIES (Nos. 32, 36, 37). Municipalization of the Gas Supply. The Scandal of London's Markets. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. SECOND SERIES (Nos. 90 to 97). Municipalization of Milk Supply. Municipal Pawnshops. Municipal Slaughterhouses. Women as Councillors. 'Municipal Bakeries. Municipal Hospitals. Municipal Fire Insurance. Municipal Steamboats.-Second Series in a

red cover for 1d. (90. per doz.); separate leaflets, 1/- per 100. IV.-Books. 132. A Guide to Books for Socialists. 29. What to Read

on social and economic subjects. 60. net 129. More Books to Read.

Supplement to October, 1906.
V.-General Politics and Fabian Policy.

127. Socialism and Labor Policy. 116. Fabianism and the Fiscal Question: an alternative policy. 108. Twentieth Century Politics. By SIDNEY WEBB. 70. Report on Fabian Policy. 41. The Fabian Society:

its Early History. By BERNARD SHAW. VI.- Question Leaflets. Questions for Candidates : 20, Poor Law Guard

ians. 24, Parliament. 28, County Councils, Rural. 102, Metropolitan

Borough Councils. 206 Boxes lent to Societies, Olubs, Trade Unions, for 108. a year.

STATE-AID TO AGRICULTURE

AN EXAMPLE.

By T. S. DYMOND,
LECTURER TO THE ESSEX COUNTY COUNCIL,

PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY

THE FABIAN SOCIETY.

PRICE ONE PENNY.

LONDON:
THE FABIAN SOCIETY, 3 CLEMENT'S INN, STRAND, W.C.

DECEMBER 1903.

r ment of its Rules and the following publications can be obtained from th

Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 3 Clemens's Inn, London, W.O. THIS MIŠERY OF BOOTs. By H. G. WELLS. Paper cover, design

by A. G. Watts. 3d., post free 4d.; 2/3 per doz., post free, 217. FABIANISM AND THE EMPIRE: A Manifesto. Is. post free. FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM. (43rd Thousand.) Paper cover, 1-; plain oloth, 2.-, post free from the Seoretary.

FABIAN 'TRACTS and LEAFLETS. Tracts, each 16 to 52 pp., price 1d., or 9d. per dos., unless otherwise stated.

Leaflets, 4 pp. each, price 1d. for six copres, 18. per 100, or 8/6 per 1000. The Set of 81, 35.; post free 3/5. Bound in Buckram, 4/6; post free for 51 1.-General Socialism in its various aspects.

TRACT8.—121. Public Service versus Private Expenditure. By Sir OLIVE LODGE. 113. Communism. By WM. MORRIS. 107. Socialism for Million aires. By BERNARD SHAW. 133. Socialism and Christianity. By Rey PERCY DEARMER. 78. Socialism and the Teaching of Christ. By Di JOHN CLIFFORD. 87. The same in Welsh. 42. Christian Socialism. B Rev. S. D. HEADLAM. 79. A Word of Remembrance and Caution t the Rich. By JOHN WOOLMAN. 75. Labor in the Longest Reign. B SIDNEY WEBB. 72. The Moral Aspects of Socialism. By SIDNEY BALI 69. Difficulties of Individualism. By SIDNEY WEBB. 51. Socialism : Tue and False. By S. WEBB. 45. The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By BERNARD SHAW (price 2d.). 15. Englisb Progress towards Social Democracy. By S. WEBB. 7. Capital and Land (6th edn. revised 1904). 5. Facts for Socialists (10th edn., revised 1906). LEAFLET8—13. What Socialism Is.

1. Why are the Many Poor? 38. The same in Welsh. 11.-Applications of Socialism to Particular Problems.

TRACTS.—131. The Decline in the Birth-Rate. By SIDNEY WEBB. 136. Home Work and Sweating. By Miss B. L. HUTCHINS. 128. Tbe Case for a Legal Minimum Wage. 126. The Abolition of Poor Law Guardians. 122. Municipal Milk and Public Health. By Dr. F. LAHSON DODD. 120. " After Bread, Education.” 125. Municipalization by Provinces. 119. Public Control of Electrical Power and Transit. 133. The Revival of Agriculture. 118. The Secret of Rural Depopulation. 115. State Aid to Agriculture: an Example. 112. Life in the Laundry, 98. State Railways for Ireland. 124. State Control of Trusts. 86. Municipal Drink Traffic. 85. Liquor Licensing at Home and Abroad. 84 Economics of Direct Employment. 83. State Arbitration and the Living Wage. 48. Eight Hours by Law. 23. Case for an Eight Hours Bill

. 47. The Unemployed. By JOHN BURNS, M.P. LEAFLET.—104. How

Trade Unions benefit Workmen.
III.-Local Government Powers: How to use them.

TRACTS.—117. The London Education Act, 1903 : how to make the best of it, III. Reform of Reformatories and Industrial Schools. By H. I. HOLMES. 109. Cottage Plans and Common Sense. By RAYMOND UNWIX. 103. Overcrowding in London and its Remedy. By W. O. STEADYAS. 76. Houses for the People. 99. Local Government in Ireland. &. Workmen's Compensation Act. New edition for the Act of 1906. 6. Parish and District Councils. 54. The Humanizing of the Poor Lar. By J. F.OAKEBHOTT. LEAFLETS.-68. The Tenant's Sanitary Catechism. zi. Same for London. 63. Parisb Council Cottages and how to them. 58. Allotments and how to get them. FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM, FIRST SERIES (Nos. 32, 36, 37). Municipalization of the Gas Supply. The Scandal of London's Markets. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. SECOND SERIES (Nos. go to 97). Municipalization of Milk Supply. Municipal Pawnshops. Municipal Slaughterhouses Women as Councillors. Municipal Bakeries. Municipal Hospitalis Municipal Fire Insurance. Municipal Steamboats.- Second Series in s

red cover for 1d. (9d. per doz.); separate leaflets, 1/- per 100. IV.-Books. 132. A Guide to Books for Socialists. 29. What to Read

on social and economic subjects. 60. net 129. More Books to Read

Supplement to October, 1906.
V.-General Politics and Fabian Policy.

127. Socialism and Labor Policy. 116. Fabianism and the Fisca Question: an alternative policy. 108. Twentieth Century Politics. By SIDNEY WEBB. 70. Report on Fabian Policy. 41. The Fabian Society: its Early History. By BERNARD SHAW. (Question Leaflets. Questions for Candidates : 20, Poor Law Gaard Tans. 24, Parliament. 28, County Councils, Rural. 102, Metropolitaa brough Councils. Boxes lent to Societies, Clubs, Trade Unions, for 108. a year.

STATE-AID TO AGRICULTURE

AN EXAMPLE.

By T. S. DYMOND,

LECTURER TO THE Essex COUNTY COUNCIL.

PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY

THE FABIAN SOCIETY.

PRICE ONE PENNY.

LONDON:
THE FABIAN SOCIETY, 3 CLEMENT'S INN, STRAND, W.c,

DECEMBER 1903.

STATE-AID FOR AGRICULTURE.'

By T. S. DYMOND.

In addressing meetings of farmers up and down the country, the late Minister of Agriculture, Mr. R. W. Hanbury, never failed to ask his audience in what direction they desired that “ the Government should do more for Agriculture," but he never seems to have got a satisfactory reply except from those who advocated an import duty on corn.

As a matter of fact“protection" does not assume an important position in the assistance given by the State to agriculture in Hungary. It is true that, owing to the Zollverein with Austria, there is a heavy import duty on corn, intended to protect the Hungarian farmers, but the farmers feel it to be a very doubtful advantage because, while the Austrians would in any case buy the Hungarian wheat as the cheapest and best procurable, the import duty on agricultural machinery imposed to protect the Austrian machinists (which it fails to do) is to the Hungarians a grievous burden.

There is, however, a form of protection given in Hungary, as in all the sugar-beet growing countries of the Continent, to which special reference must be made, viz., the rebate on exported sugar, a grant so considerable that it makes it possible to sell Hungarian sugar in Great Britain for half the price it is retailed at in Hungary itself, because it pays the producers better to export their sugar than to sell it at home except at an absurdly high price. Hungary is almost a purely agricultural country, and practically the whole population is directly or indirectly dependent upon agriculture. The farmers, then, are taxing themselves in order to aid certain localities to grow sugar (localities which are limited in area, for sugar-beet growing demands a sugar factory in the immediate neighbourhood), and the whole population is, besides, paying an enormous price for this article of food. In spite, therefore, of certain advantages which the sugar-beet industry possesses, e.g., the large quantity of labour it necessitates and the value as cattle food of the refuse pulp, it only needed the counter-vailing duties on bounty fed sugar recently imposed in India-formerly one of the best markets for Hungarian sugar-and the recommendations of the Brussels convention, to cause the country to welcome the prospect of casting off a heavy burden.

From “ protection " we may therefore pass to a description of other means of assistance afforded by the State in the direction of (a) agricultural education, (b) the scientific development of agriculture, and (c) the commercial development of agriculture.

It must first be explained that Hungary consists of a vast plain, surrounded by a great tract of hilly country rising in places into etupendous mountain ranges, whose highest summits are never * Part of a paper read at a meeting of the Fabian Society on May 22nd, 1903

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