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Rowntree's figures with regard to the primary poverty in York as fairly representative of the whole kingdom, we should have about five millions of people who are members of families that have incomes insufficient to maintain merely physical efficiency. This is the class that breeds the weak, the unfit, in a word the residuum. Many of its members, it is true, would not be capable of earning even the low minimum suggested by Mr. Rowntree. These would become the unemployable. To the others, the largest proportion, an increased wage would give the increased mental and physical vitality which are a nation's real capital. The manufacture of human wreckage by the process of semi-starvation would be in great part checked and controlled. Indirectly the classes above this lowest would benefit. There would be a gradual growth in the national dividend, arising from the greater power of production due to the increase of physical efficiency, and the share of each grade and each trade in the dividend would be increased accordingly. A Minimum Wage Law cannot cure the evils which arise from the foolish spending of incomes small or great, but it would act as a palliative of those evils which arise from the existence of incomes that are insufficient for the barest necessaries of life.
FABIAN SOCIETY.-The Fabian Boolety consists of soolalists. A state
ment of its Rules and the following publioations can be obtained from the
Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 3 Clemens's Inn, London, W.O.
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Leaflets, 4 pp. each, price ld. for six copres, 18. per 100, or 8/6 per 1000. The Set of 81, 35.; post free 3/5. Bound in Buckram, 4/6; post free for 58 1.-General Socialism in its various aspects.
TRACTS.—121. Public Service versus Private Expenditure. By Sir OLIVEB LODGE. 113. Communism. By Wm. MORRIS. 107. Socialism for Million. aires. By BERNARD SHAW. 133. Socialism and Christianity. By Rer. PERCY DEARMER. 78. Socialism and the Teaching of Christ. By Dr. JOHN CLIFFORD. 87. The same in Welsh. 42. Christian Socialism. By Rev. 8. D. HEADLAM. 79. A Word of Remembrance and Caution to the Rich. By JOHN WOOLMAN. 75. Labor in the Longest Reign By SIDNEY WEBB. 72. The Moral Aspects of Socialism. By SIDNEY BALL 69. Difficulties of Individualism. By SIDNEY WEBB. 51. Socialism: True and False. By S. WEBB. 45. The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By BERNARD SHAW (price 2d.). 15. English Progress towards Social Democracy. By S. WEBB. 7. Capital and Land (7th edn. revised 1908). 5. Facts for Socialists (10th edn., revised 1906). LEAFLETA–13. What Socialism Is.
1. Why are the Many Poor? 38. The same in Welsh. 11.-Applications of Socialism to Particular Problems.
TBAOTA.—136. The Village and the Landlord. By EDWARD CARPENTER 135. Paupers and Old Age Pensions. By SIDNEY WEBB. 131. The Decline in the Birth-Rate. By SIDNEY WEBB. 130. Home Work and Sweating. By Miss B. L. HUTCHINS. 128. The Case for a Legal Minimum Wage. 126. The Abolition of Poor Law Guardians. 122. Municipal Milk and Public Health. By Dr. F. LAWSON DODD. 120. “After Bread, Education." 125. Municipalization by Provinces. 119. Public Control of Electrical Power and Transit. 123. The Revival of Agriculture. 118. The Secret of Rural Depopulation. 115. State Aid to Agriculture: an Example. 112. Life in the Laundry. 98. State Railways for Ireland. 124. State Control of Trusts. 86. Municipal Drink Traffic. 85. Liquor Licensing at Home and Abroad. 84. Economics of Direct Employment. 83. State Arbitration and the Living Wage. 48. Eight Hours by Law. 33. Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 47. The Unemployed. By JOHN BOBNS, M.P.
LEAFLET.-104. How Trade Unions benefit Workmen. 111.- Local Government Powers : How to use them.
TRACT8.—137. Parish Councils and Village Life. 117. The London Education Act, 1903 : how to make the best of it. 109. Cottage Plans and Common Sense. By RAYMOND UNWIN. 76. Houses for the People. 99. Local Government in Ireland. 82. Workmen's Compensation Act. New edition for the Act of 1906. 62. Parish and District Councils. 54 The Humanizing of tbe Poor Law. By J. F. RAKESHOTT. LEAFLEN68. The Tenant's Sanitary Catechism. 71. Same for London. 134 Small Holdings, Allotments and Common Pastures: and how to get them. FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM, FIRST SERIES (Nos. 32, 37). Municipalization of the Gas Supply. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. SECOND SERIES (Nos. 90 to 97). Municipalization of Milk Supply. Municipal Pawnshops. Municipal Slaughterhouses. Women as Councillors. Municipal Bakeries. Municipal Hospitals. Municipal Steamboats.- Second Series in a red cover for id. (90. per doz.);
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Supplement to October, 1906.
127. Socialism and Labor Policy. 116. Fabianism and the Fiscal Question: an alternative policy. 108. Twentieth Century Politics. By SIDNEY WEBB. 70. Report on Fabian Policy. 41. The Fabian Society:
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ians. 28, County Councils, Rural. 102, Metropolitan Borough Councils. Book Boxes lent to Sooieties, Clubs, Trade Unions, for 108. & year. Printed by G. Standring, 7 Finsbury St., London, E.C., and pablished by the habian Soda
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Published on the Fifteenth of January, April, July, and October. Each issue of PROGRESS contains, in addition to interesting articles, a Bibliography and List of Magazine References for the preceding three months, which are invaluable for Students of Social Questions.
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The following list of books is a supplement to the fourth edition of “What to Read" (Tract No. 29; 6d. n.), published in October, 1901. The books are classified under almost the same headings, and in some cases headings are inserted without books in order to indicate that the editors have nothing to add to the earlier list. The books catalogued consist of publications since October, 1901, and only in one or two cases, for special reasons, are older books or new editions mentioned. A small number of the more important Blue-books are added at the end of the sections concerned.
The editors cannot pretend to have read or examined every book in the list, and occasionally they may have placed books under wrong headings, owing to the practice, unfortunately common with authors, of using misleading or vague titles.
The books selected are those likely to be required by Socialists and Social Reformers, and for this reason the completeness of the lists greatly varies. For example, under Free Trade, only a dozen volumes are named out of the hundreds published, whilst under Socialism all books of any permanent importance are (or should be) included.
Finally, the editors desire to say that, although on the subjects named they have used every endeavor to mention all the books suitable in respect of price and contents for the class of reader contemplated-that is, for those who do not desire very recondite, or, unless absolutely indispensable, very expensive, books—they cannot hope that there are no omissions, and that every book named is rightly included.
INDEX OF AUTHORS.
A-Acton, II. Acworth, 16. Adams, 13. Addams, 6. Alden, 18. Alston, 10.
Amery, 15. Andrews, 11. Armitage Smith, 9. Ashbee, 16. Ashley, P., 9, 1o.
Ashley, W. J., 9, 11, 12. Ashley, R. L., 15. Atkins, 15. Atkinson, 10.
Blauvelt, 6. Boies, 7. Böhm-Bawerk, 8. Bonn, 13. Bosanquet, 10. Boutmy, 15.