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of the salvation army. 1906, S. A. Headquarters, is. n.
London unemployed fund. Preliminary statement by the cen
tral executive committee, April 1905. Cd. 2561, 1905, 6d. London unemployed fund, 1904-5. Report of central executive
committee to September 30th. 1905, King, is. n. Agencies and methods of dealing with the unemployed in
certain foreign countries.' Board of trade. Cd. 2304, 1905,
Cd. 2852, 1906, 1/1.
government board, with appendix. S.P. 86, 1906, 3d,
of an optimist. 1906, Unwin, 76.
Anticipations of the reaction of mechanical and scientific progress upon human life and thought: 1902, Chapman, 3.6.
Mankind in the making. 1904, Chapman and Hall, 3/6. In the days of the comet. 1906, Macmillan, 6s.
women's suffrage movement in the British Isles. 1902,
Williams and Norgate, 6s.
and wages [in Birmingham]. 1906, Unwin, 6s.
economic position of women workers in the middle classes.
1902, King, 2/6 n. and 2s. n. HARRISON, A. Women's industries in Liverpool. 1904, Liver
pool University Press, 3s. MACDONALD, J. Ramsay. Women in the printing trades. A
sociological study. 1904, P. S. King, 106 n. Smith, W. Sidney. Outlines of the women's franchise more
ment in New Zealand. 1905, Whitcomb and Tombs. SOUTHWARK, The BISHOP OF. Women as barmaids. Published
by the joint committee on the employment of barmaids. 1906, King, is. n.
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HOME WORK and SWEATING
The Causes and the Remedies.
By Miss B. L. HUTCHINS.
PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY
THE FABIAN SOCIETY.
PRICE ONE PENNY.
PUBLISHED JANUARY 1907. REPRINTED March 1908.
HOME WORK AND SWEATING.
BETWEEN 1886 and 1889 the public became very much excited over the horrors of the “Sweating System." The revelations of hidecus suffering, overwork and want brought home for a brief space to the minds of the middle and upper classes“ how the poor live." Gradually the excitement died away : new topics absorbed the interest of the public; and of Sweating and the Sweating System we heard little. In 1906, however, the Daily News, following the example of a philanthropic society at Berlin, arranged an exhibition of sweated industries. Workers were shewn, in a London hall, actually manufacturing match-boxes, blouses, etc., or carding hooks and eyes, and so forth; and though for obvious reasons neither the long hours of work nor the insanitary conditions which too generally characterize similar employments, could be permitted or represented in an exhibition, full explanatory details of rates of pay, cost of materials, etc., were given to visitors, and each day there was a lecture by some person qualified to describe and illustrate not only the seen but the unseen side of sweating. The show attracted a vast deal of attention. Pity and sympathy were freely expressed ; bụt along with the pity was mingled a note of sheer bewilderment, and almost daily, when question-time followed the lecture, came the cry, "What can be done? what can we ourselves do, to stop it?" The present Tract is an attempt, not to revive the useless public excitement, but to set plainly before the workers themselves—and especially before the organized Trade Unionists, who can do most to bring about a reform
-the actual facts as to Sweating, and the way in which it can be abolished.
What is meant by the Sweating System, The phrase, the Sweating System is misleading. All experts agree that there is no one industrial system co-extensive with, or invari. ably present in, the Sweated Trades. Mr. Booth expresses this by saying that it is not with one but many sweating systems we have to deal : Mr. Schloss says that no sweating system whatever is discoverable; and the House of Lords Committee, whilst reporting that the evils complained of could "scarcely be exaggerated," said that they had been unable to find any precise meaning attached to the phrase. An enquiry into sweating resolves itself, therefore, into an enquiry into the conditions under which the sweated industries " are worked. Here at least a painful and striking uniformity is met with, and accepting it as a starting point, the Lords Committee defined Sweating as :
1.-Unduly low rates of wages.