« السابقةمتابعة »
Indelible. Not to be destroyed or blotted
out. Indigenous. That grows in the country
naturally. Indomitable (domare, to tame). Cannot be
subdued. Inevitable (vitare, to avoid). Not to be
avoided. Ingredients. The elements which compose
any thing. Inherent. Abiding in, natural to. Innovation (novus, new). A new custom. Insidious. Crafty, sly. Instil (stillåre, to drop). To drop in, to in
fluence secretly. Insulate (insula, an island). To keep apart,
like an island Insurrection (surgěre, surrectum, to rise). A
rising, a rebellion. Intact (tactus, touched). Untouched, entire. Intangibility (tango, to touch). That cannot
be touched. Intercept (inter, between, capere, to take).
To put in between, to stop on the way. Interlunar (luna, the moon). Belonging to
the time when the moon, about to change,
is invisible. Interposition (positus, placed). A putting
in between. Intersect (sectus, cut). To cut into parts. Intersperse (sparsus, scattered). Spread
about. Intervention (venire, ventum, to come). A
coming in between. Inundation (unda, a wave). An overflowing Ionic Capital. The ornamentation of the
top or capital of a pillar, Iris. The rainbow. See Myths and Legends,
p. 155. Irradiate (radius, a ray or beam). To make
bright and splendid. Isothermal lines (G. i808, equal, thermos, warm). Lines marking of districts of equal temperature.
Jurisprudence. The science of law. Juvenescence (juvenis, a young man).
The Luxuriance. Abundance, magnificence. Lyric. Connected with the lyre.
Gainsay. To contradict.
the Philistines, S.W. of Palestine.
posed of quartz, feldspar, and mica, of a
structure more or less distinctly slaty. Gorgeous. Splendid. Gradation (gradus, a step). A regular suc
cession. Granite. A peculiarly hard kind of stone. Granules. (grunum, a grain). Small par
ticles. Gravitation. The law by which everything
is attracted to the centre of the earth. Grotesque. Odd, fanciful.
Halbert. A battle-axe.
See Berens's Myths and Legends, p. 137.
King Priam and his wife Hecuba.
cause of the Trojan war. Berens, p. 283. Heronry. A place where herons are kept. Hippocras. A favourite beverage in the
middle ages. Hippodrome (G. hippos, a horse, dromos, a
running). A race-course. Homogeneous (G. homos, the same, genos,
kind). Being of the same kind or nature. Hornet. A stinging insect, a kind of large
wasp. Horoscope. A supposed means of foretelling
the future by a careful observation of the stars at the moment when a person is
born. House of Stuart. Sovereigns of the Stuart
line, including the two Pretenders, the
son and grandson of James the Second.
appearance of youth.
Knighthood. The state of a knight.
An ancient order of knights sworn to de-
Ichthyology (G. ichthys, a fish). The science
of fishes. Ideal. According to one's conception. Identify (idem, the same). To make one and
the same, to recognize clearly, Ignore. To treat as if knowing nothing
the siege of Trop or Ilium.
wizard or sorcerer.
Labyrinth. A place full of windings. See
Myths and Legends, p. 212.
of life. Lucid. Clear, easily understood. Luminary (lumen. luminis, light). That
which gives light.
Mandate (mandare, to intrust). A com
mand. Maritime (mare, the sea). Belonging to the
sea. Martial. Warlike, from Mars the Roman
God of War. See Myths and Legends, p.
114. Meander. To wind: so called from a very
winding river, the Meander, in Asia
Minor. Mediocrity (medius, the middle). Neither
very good nor very bad. Menial. Belonging to servants. Metaphorical. Full of words used in a
figurative sense. Micaceous. Resembling mica or partaking
of its properties. Midrift. A part of the human body, forming a kind of partition below the heart and
lungs. Mien. Manner. Minaret. An ornament common on the
roof of Eastern public buildings. Miniature. A small copy of something
larger. Minstrelsy. That which belongs to a mins
trel. Mint. The place where money is coined. iisdemeanour. Improper behaviour. Misenum. An ancient Roman port, now in
ruins, not far from Miseno, headland forming the northern boundary of the Bay
of Naples. Modification. A change, an adaptation to
new circumstances. Mollusca (mollis, soft). A class of animals
whose bodies are soft without an internal
skeleton or articulated covering. Momentum. Force by which any thing is
urged onward. Monocotyledonous Plants. Plants having
one seed lobe. Monopoly (G. monos, alone, polein, to sell).
Sole right of selling. Monotonous. Of a single tone, unchanging
and therefore wearisome. Morass. A swamp. Morbid (morbus, disease). Diseased, un
healthy. Mosque. A Mohammedan temple. Multiform (multus, many). Many-sided, of
many shapes. Mutinous. Inclined to mutiny or rebellion. Mystic. Connected with mysterious re
ligious ceremonies. Mythology. The fabulous gods and god
desses of ancient times.
Nutritious (nutrire, to nourish). That which
gives support or nutrition. Obliterate (litera, a letter). To blot out en
tirely. Oblivion (oblivio, oblivionis, forgetfulness).
Complete forgetfulness. Obnoxious (nosa, a fault). Exposed to
punishment or danger. Obsequious (sequi, to follow). Following
closely, yielding. Omen. A token or sign, a foreboding. Opaque. Dark. Opprobrious probrum, a disgrace). The
charge of acting disgracefully. Opulent (opes, resource ). Wealthy. Orbit (orbis, a round surface). The path
made by a wheel, any path or track, Ordnance. Large guns, artillery. Ordure. Filth. Oricons. Prayers. Ornithology tornis, ornithos, a bird'. The
science of birds. Ostensibly (ostenděre, ostensum, to show).
Outwardly, according to appearance. Oval (ovum, an egg). Egg-shaped, Oxide. Mixed with oxygen. Pageant. A showy or εplendid representa
tion. Pagod or Pagoda. An Eastern temple. Palate. The roof of the mouth. Palatial. Like a palace. Palpitate. To beat violently. Panoply (G. pan, all, oplon, armour). An
entire covering of armour. Paralyse (G. luin, to loose). To relax, to
deprive of power. Paramount. Superior to all around. Parasite (G. para, beside, sitos, food). One
that feeds or lives upon another: as ap
plied to men, a flatterer. Parsimony (parcăre, parsus, to spare). A
spirit of saving, frugality, meanness. Participate (pars, partis, a part, cupere, to
take). To take a share in. Particle. A very small part. Patrician (pater, a father). Belonging to the
higher ranks. Patroclus. The friend of Achilles, slain by
Hector. Paucity (paucus, a few! A small number. Peerless (par, an equal). Unequalled, that
has no peer or equal. Perdue. Forlorn, hopeless. Perpetrate. To carry out some evil deed. Perusal. A careful examination. Pervade (vadère, to go). To cover, to be
spread over. Phantom. An appearance, without any
reality. Phenomenon. A peculiar appearance. Philosophy. The love of wisdom, the general
principles of knowledge. Phylactēry (G. phylussein, to guard or de
fend). A strip of parchment, with texts inscribed, worn on the forehead by the
ancient Jews as a charm to ward off evil. Pibroch. A musical piece much played by
the Highlanders. Pinnace. A small vessel. Plaint. A cry of sorrow, a plaintive cry, a
mournful cry. Plastic. That can be easily moulded into
sh Plateau. A table-land. Plummet (plumbum, lead). A line with le..d
attached, used for measuring.
Nebulous (nebula, a small cloud). Cloudy,
dim. Negotiate (negotium, business). To carry on
business. Nether. Lower, inferior. Nocturnal (nox, noctis, night). Belonging
to night. Nodular (noclus, a knot). Full of knots. Noggen. Made of nogs or hemp: hence,
coarse, Nomenclature (nomen, a name). The art of
naming. Novitiate (norus, new). The early part of a
new course of life. Nucleus. The kernel, the central part. Nuptial. Connected with marriage.
Respite. A delay.
were established in the Revolution of 1688 when a new sovereign, William III., was appointed by Parliament. Rhætia. A mountainous district north of
Italy Rhetoric. The art of impressing others by
speech. Routine. Going on in the same route. Ruminate. "To chew again, to consider care
fully. Runnymede. The plain near Windsor where
Magna Charta was signed, 1215 A.D. Russet. Homespun, unadorned, of a reddish
Poise. To balance.
mines the laws of wealth. Polype (G. polys, many, and pous, podos, a
foot). A many-footed animal. Ponderous ( pondus, ponderis, weight ).
Heavy, massive. Porphyries. Precious stones of a purple
colour. Portentous. Serious, alarming. Portico (porta, a gate). The entrance to a
building Posthumous (postumus, last). After death:
a posthumous son is one born after his
father's death. Precarious. Uncertain. Precedent (cedere, to go). One going before:
hence, an example. Predominate (dominus, a lord). To be master. Prelude. An introduction. Prerogative. Special rights and privileges. Priam. King of Troy. Primeval (primus, first, wvum, age). Of
olden times. Prism. Glass so cut as to reflect the colours
of the rainbow. Proficiency. Excellence. Prologue. The introduction to a play. Promiscuous (miscere, to mix). Mixed to
gether, miscellaneous. Propagate. To spread abroad. Propitious. Favourable. Proscription. A publishing the names of
persons to be punished. Protract (trahere, tractus, to draw). To draw
out, to prolong Prowess. Proved courage and skill. Psychology (G. psyché, the soul). The science
which treats of the mind. Ptolemies. A race of sovereigns ruling over
Egypt. Pungent (pungère, to prick). Sharp), stinging. Pursuivant. A follower or attendant. Pusillanimous pusillus, very little, animus,
courage. Cowardly, timid. Quadruple (quatuor, four). Multiplied by
four. Quaint. Old-fashioned. Quairs. Quires, books. Quaternion (quatuor, four). A company of
minent. Salubrious (salus, salūtis, health. Health
ful. Samos. An island in the Ægean Sea. Sapient sapiens, sapientis, wise). Wise, or
pretending to be wise. Satellite (satelles, satellitis, an attendant).
An attendant star. Satiety (satis, enough). Fulness. Scimitar. A Turkish sword. Scutcheon. See Escutcheon. Sectarian (secure, sectum, to cut). One who
cuts off a part, belonging to a party. Sedimentary rocks. Rocks deposited in
layers by the action of water. Seigniorial. Pertaining to the rights of the
seignior or lord. Senate. An assembly for deliberation. Sentient (sentire, to feel). Capable of feeling. Shale. A kind of scaly stone. Sheen. Shining brightness. Shinar. A plain near Babylon where the
Tower of Babel was built. Shoddy. The name given to a coarse kind
of cloth made in Yorkshire. Sidon. An ancient city of Phænicia N. of
Palestine. Silicious (silex, silicis, flint). Full of flint. Simnel. A kind of cake made in Shrews.
bury and neighbourhood. Sinuous (sinus, a bending). Twisting about. Siren. À seductive and flattering person.
See Myths anul Legends, page 112. Sleight. A sly trick. Solicitude. Anxiety. Soliloquy (solus, alone, loqui, to speak).
Speaking to one's self. Sombre. Dark, gloomy. Sordid. Mean. Spectrum. Mirror. Sphinx. The name of a fabulous monster peculiar to Egyptian sculptures. See
Myths and Legends, page 146. Stability (stare, to stand). Fixedness, con
sistency. Stagnation (stagnum, a pool). Inactivity,
want of life. A stagnant pool is foul. Stalactites, Stalagmites. Concretions of
carbonate of lime or other minerals deposited by water dropping from the roof of a cavern. When the mineral is deposited in columns pendent from the roof the
Reach, noun. A straight portion in the
cour e of a river. Recompense. A repayment. Redress. A setting right, a reform. Redundant unda, a wave. Overflowing,
more than is necessary. Reef. A range of rocks separated or reft
from the land. Refractive (frangère, fractus, to break).
Breaking the line of a ray, turning back Regicide (rex, regis, a king, cædere, to kill).
The killer of a king. Reinvigorate. To give new strength or
vigour Reiterate. To repeat over and over again. Rejoinder. A reply. Relume lumen, a light). To relight. Reminiscence. A bringing back to memory. Replete. Full of. Repugnant pugnāre, to fight. Strongly opposed to. quital. Returning, repayment. atment. A strong feeling of injury.
e. What remains behind.
name stalactite is given; when the columns or heaps rise from the floor they are said
to be stalagmites. Stockade. A place fenced off by stakes. Strata. Layers of rock or other substance
deposited in regular succession. Stratagem. A trick to entrap. Striated. Marked with grooves or little
furrows. Submerge (mergo, to plunge). To sink
under. Subserve. To serve as an agent or instru
ment. Subterfuge ( fugere, to fly). A means of es
caping from a difficulty. Subtle. Artful, crafty. Succumb (cumbere, to lie). To yield, to sub
mit. Sumptuary (sumptus, expense). Relating
to expenses. Sumptuous. Expensive, splendid, Superficial. On the surface. Supersede (sedere, to sit). To take the place
of another. Supplicate. To bend before, to entreat. Surge (surgěre, to rise). To rise, to swell. Susceptible. Easily influenced. Sustenance. Nourishment.
Unarrestable. Not to be arrested or checked. Unassuaged. Not to be assuaged or made
calm. Undergraduate (gradus, a step). A student
at a university who has not taken his degree or graduated. Unequivocally. Without any doubt. Unguerdon. To be without reward. Unprecedented. Not to be equalled. Unpremeditated. Without any previous
thought. Unwary Not wary, thoughtless. Usurp. To take wrongfully. Usury. Excessive interest for money. In the middle ages this was used for any interest, which it was thought very sinful to receive.
Taunt. An angry rebuke.
passing. Transient (ire, to go). Quickly passing away. Transit. A passage across. Translucent (lux, lucis, light). Shining
through. Transmutation (mutūre, to change). An
cntire change. Transversely (vertère, to turn). A going
across. Travail. Toil, labour. Trite (terére, tritus, to rub). Well-rubbed,
well-worn, common. Troll. To use a trolling line in fishing. Trophy (G. tropos, a turning). A mark of
victory where the enemy is turned back. Tuber. "A swollen or round root. Turmoil. Trouble, weariness. Tutelage. Protection, guidance. Tyro. A beginner.
Vanguard. The front part of an army on
march. Verdure. Greenness, freshness. Vermeil. A bright red colour. Vernal (ver, spring). Springlike. Vicissitude (vicis, a change). A change. Villein. One of the lowest order in society
in feudal times. Vista. A view, a prospect. Vitality (vita, life). Full of life. Vitreous. Glassy, transparent. Vociferous (vox, vocis, the voice, ferre, to
hear). Noisy, clamorous. Volatile (volare, to fly). Fleeting, evapor
ating. Voluptuous (voluptas, pleasure). Fond of
pleasure, or giving pleasure. Volute (volvere, to roll). An architectural
ornament resembling a ribbon or band
rolled up. Voracious ( vorax, vorācis, devouring).
to the simnel. Watchet-coloured. A pale blue colour. Wight (A. S. wiht, a person, a living being).
Zephyr. A soft, gentle breeze.
to the science of animals.