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Indelible. Not to be destroyed or blotted

out. Indigenous. That grows in the country

naturally. Indomitable (domare, to tame). Cannot be

subdued. Inevitable (vitare, to avoid). Not to be

avoided. Ingredients. The elements which compose

any thing. Inherent. Abiding in, natural to. Innovation (novus, new). A new custom. Insidious. Crafty, sly. Instil (stillåre, to drop). To drop in, to in

fluence secretly. Insulate (insula, an island). To keep apart,

like an island Insurrection (surgěre, surrectum, to rise). A

rising, a rebellion. Intact (tactus, touched). Untouched, entire. Intangibility (tango, to touch). That cannot

be touched. Intercept (inter, between, capere, to take).

To put in between, to stop on the way. Interlunar (luna, the moon). Belonging to

the time when the moon, about to change,

is invisible. Interposition (positus, placed). A putting

in between. Intersect (sectus, cut). To cut into parts. Intersperse (sparsus, scattered). Spread

about. Intervention (venire, ventum, to come). A

coming in between. Inundation (unda, a wave). An overflowing Ionic Capital. The ornamentation of the

top or capital of a pillar, Iris. The rainbow. See Myths and Legends,

p. 155. Irradiate (radius, a ray or beam). To make

bright and splendid. Isothermal lines (G. i808, equal, thermos, warm). Lines marking of districts of equal temperature.

Jurisprudence. The science of law. Juvenescence (juvenis, a young man).

The Luxuriance. Abundance, magnificence. Lyric. Connected with the lyre.

Gainsay. To contradict.
Gauds. Mere shows.
Gauntlet. A kind of glove thrown down as

a challenge.
Gaza. One of the five principal towns of

the Philistines, S.W. of Palestine.
Genial. Bright, happy
Germ. That from which anything springs.
Glade. An open place or alley in a woord.
Gneiss. A species of aggregated rock com-

posed of quartz, feldspar, and mica, of a

structure more or less distinctly slaty. Gorgeous. Splendid. Gradation (gradus, a step). A regular suc

cession. Granite. A peculiarly hard kind of stone. Granules. (grunum, a grain). Small par

ticles. Gravitation. The law by which everything

is attracted to the centre of the earth. Grotesque. Odd, fanciful.

Halbert. A battle-axe.
Hamath. A city of Upper Syria north of

Harpy. The Harpies were mythical beings.

See Berens's Myths and Legends, p. 137.
Hector. The leader of the Trojans, son of

King Priam and his wife Hecuba.
Helen. A beautiful woman who was the

cause of the Trojan war. Berens, p. 283. Heronry. A place where herons are kept. Hippocras. A favourite beverage in the

middle ages. Hippodrome (G. hippos, a horse, dromos, a

running). A race-course. Homogeneous (G. homos, the same, genos,

kind). Being of the same kind or nature. Hornet. A stinging insect, a kind of large

wasp. Horoscope. A supposed means of foretelling

the future by a careful observation of the stars at the moment when a person is

born. House of Stuart. Sovereigns of the Stuart

line, including the two Pretenders, the

son and grandson of James the Second.
Humidity. Moisture.
Hurtle. To dash down violently.
Hypothesis. A supposition.
Hysterical. Unable to control the emotions.

appearance of youth.

Knighthood. The state of a knight.
Knightly order of St. John of Jerusalem.

An ancient order of knights sworn to de-
fend Jerusalem.

Ichthyology (G. ichthys, a fish). The science

of fishes. Ideal. According to one's conception. Identify (idem, the same). To make one and

the same, to recognize clearly, Ignore. To treat as if knowing nothing

Iliad. The name given to Homer's poem on

the siege of Trop or Ilium.
Illusion. A deceiving appearance.
Imbros. An island in the Ægean Sea.
Immunity. Freedom from obligation.
Immutable (mutare, to change). Unchange-

Impeach. To put formally upon trial,
Implacable (placūre, to sooth). Not to be

Importunity. Earnest request.
Impotence. Entire loss of power.
Inadequate. Not equal to, incomplete.
Incantation. A charm or spell used by a

wizard or sorcerer.
Incompatible. Unsuited.
Incumbent. Lying upon, pressing upon.
Indefatigable. Never wearied.

Labyrinth. A place full of windings. See

Myths and Legends, p. 212.
Laity. The people as distinct from the

Laud (laudare, to praise). To praise, to

Legislative (lex, legis, law). Law-making.
Legitimate. Lawful.
Lemnos. An island in the Ægean Sea.
Lenient (lenis, gentle). Mild, gentle.
Lichen. A kind of moss.
Liege. One whom we are bound to obey.
In lieu of. In the place of.
Lignite. A mineral combustible substance
converted to a certain degree into

coal but
retaining distinctly its woody texture.
Limpid. Clear, transparent.
Logic. The art of reasoning.
Longevity (longus, long, avum, age). Length

of life. Lucid. Clear, easily understood. Luminary (lumen. luminis, light). That

which gives light.

Mandate (mandare, to intrust). A com

mand. Maritime (mare, the sea). Belonging to the

sea. Martial. Warlike, from Mars the Roman

God of War. See Myths and Legends, p.

114. Meander. To wind: so called from a very

winding river, the Meander, in Asia

Minor. Mediocrity (medius, the middle). Neither

very good nor very bad. Menial. Belonging to servants. Metaphorical. Full of words used in a

figurative sense. Micaceous. Resembling mica or partaking

of its properties. Midrift. A part of the human body, forming a kind of partition below the heart and

lungs. Mien. Manner. Minaret. An ornament common on the

roof of Eastern public buildings. Miniature. A small copy of something

larger. Minstrelsy. That which belongs to a mins

trel. Mint. The place where money is coined. iisdemeanour. Improper behaviour. Misenum. An ancient Roman port, now in

ruins, not far from Miseno, headland forming the northern boundary of the Bay

of Naples. Modification. A change, an adaptation to

new circumstances. Mollusca (mollis, soft). A class of animals

whose bodies are soft without an internal

skeleton or articulated covering. Momentum. Force by which any thing is

urged onward. Monocotyledonous Plants. Plants having

one seed lobe. Monopoly (G. monos, alone, polein, to sell).

Sole right of selling. Monotonous. Of a single tone, unchanging

and therefore wearisome. Morass. A swamp. Morbid (morbus, disease). Diseased, un

healthy. Mosque. A Mohammedan temple. Multiform (multus, many). Many-sided, of

many shapes. Mutinous. Inclined to mutiny or rebellion. Mystic. Connected with mysterious re

ligious ceremonies. Mythology. The fabulous gods and god

desses of ancient times.

Nutritious (nutrire, to nourish). That which

gives support or nutrition. Obliterate (litera, a letter). To blot out en

tirely. Oblivion (oblivio, oblivionis, forgetfulness).

Complete forgetfulness. Obnoxious (nosa, a fault). Exposed to

punishment or danger. Obsequious (sequi, to follow). Following

closely, yielding. Omen. A token or sign, a foreboding. Opaque. Dark. Opprobrious probrum, a disgrace). The

charge of acting disgracefully. Opulent (opes, resource ). Wealthy. Orbit (orbis, a round surface). The path

made by a wheel, any path or track, Ordnance. Large guns, artillery. Ordure. Filth. Oricons. Prayers. Ornithology tornis, ornithos, a bird'. The

science of birds. Ostensibly (ostenděre, ostensum, to show).

Outwardly, according to appearance. Oval (ovum, an egg). Egg-shaped, Oxide. Mixed with oxygen. Pageant. A showy or εplendid representa

tion. Pagod or Pagoda. An Eastern temple. Palate. The roof of the mouth. Palatial. Like a palace. Palpitate. To beat violently. Panoply (G. pan, all, oplon, armour). An

entire covering of armour. Paralyse (G. luin, to loose). To relax, to

deprive of power. Paramount. Superior to all around. Parasite (G. para, beside, sitos, food). One

that feeds or lives upon another: as ap

plied to men, a flatterer. Parsimony (parcăre, parsus, to spare). A

spirit of saving, frugality, meanness. Participate (pars, partis, a part, cupere, to

take). To take a share in. Particle. A very small part. Patrician (pater, a father). Belonging to the

higher ranks. Patroclus. The friend of Achilles, slain by

Hector. Paucity (paucus, a few! A small number. Peerless (par, an equal). Unequalled, that

has no peer or equal. Perdue. Forlorn, hopeless. Perpetrate. To carry out some evil deed. Perusal. A careful examination. Pervade (vadère, to go). To cover, to be

spread over. Phantom. An appearance, without any

reality. Phenomenon. A peculiar appearance. Philosophy. The love of wisdom, the general

principles of knowledge. Phylactēry (G. phylussein, to guard or de

fend). A strip of parchment, with texts inscribed, worn on the forehead by the

ancient Jews as a charm to ward off evil. Pibroch. A musical piece much played by

the Highlanders. Pinnace. A small vessel. Plaint. A cry of sorrow, a plaintive cry, a

mournful cry. Plastic. That can be easily moulded into

sh Plateau. A table-land. Plummet (plumbum, lead). A line with le..d

attached, used for measuring.

Nebulous (nebula, a small cloud). Cloudy,

dim. Negotiate (negotium, business). To carry on

business. Nether. Lower, inferior. Nocturnal (nox, noctis, night). Belonging

to night. Nodular (noclus, a knot). Full of knots. Noggen. Made of nogs or hemp: hence,

coarse, Nomenclature (nomen, a name). The art of

naming. Novitiate (norus, new). The early part of a

new course of life. Nucleus. The kernel, the central part. Nuptial. Connected with marriage.

Respite. A delay.
Resplendent. Very bright.
Retard (tardus, slow). To hinder.
Reveille. A French word meaning “Arouse,

Reverie. An idle fancy.
Revile. To treat as vile, to reproach.
Revolt. Rebellion.
Revolution principles. The principles which

were established in the Revolution of 1688 when a new sovereign, William III., was appointed by Parliament. Rhætia. A mountainous district north of

Italy Rhetoric. The art of impressing others by

speech. Routine. Going on in the same route. Ruminate. "To chew again, to consider care

fully. Runnymede. The plain near Windsor where

Magna Charta was signed, 1215 A.D. Russet. Homespun, unadorned, of a reddish


Poise. To balance.
Policy. A principle of action.
Political Economy. The science which exa-

mines the laws of wealth. Polype (G. polys, many, and pous, podos, a

foot). A many-footed animal. Ponderous ( pondus, ponderis, weight ).

Heavy, massive. Porphyries. Precious stones of a purple

colour. Portentous. Serious, alarming. Portico (porta, a gate). The entrance to a

building Posthumous (postumus, last). After death:

a posthumous son is one born after his

father's death. Precarious. Uncertain. Precedent (cedere, to go). One going before:

hence, an example. Predominate (dominus, a lord). To be master. Prelude. An introduction. Prerogative. Special rights and privileges. Priam. King of Troy. Primeval (primus, first, wvum, age). Of

olden times. Prism. Glass so cut as to reflect the colours

of the rainbow. Proficiency. Excellence. Prologue. The introduction to a play. Promiscuous (miscere, to mix). Mixed to

gether, miscellaneous. Propagate. To spread abroad. Propitious. Favourable. Proscription. A publishing the names of

persons to be punished. Protract (trahere, tractus, to draw). To draw

out, to prolong Prowess. Proved courage and skill. Psychology (G. psyché, the soul). The science

which treats of the mind. Ptolemies. A race of sovereigns ruling over

Egypt. Pungent (pungère, to prick). Sharp), stinging. Pursuivant. A follower or attendant. Pusillanimous pusillus, very little, animus,

courage. Cowardly, timid. Quadruple (quatuor, four). Multiplied by

four. Quaint. Old-fashioned. Quairs. Quires, books. Quaternion (quatuor, four). A company of

four soldiers.

Sable. Dark-coloured.
Salient (salire, to leap). Shooting out, pro-

minent. Salubrious (salus, salūtis, health. Health

ful. Samos. An island in the Ægean Sea. Sapient sapiens, sapientis, wise). Wise, or

pretending to be wise. Satellite (satelles, satellitis, an attendant).

An attendant star. Satiety (satis, enough). Fulness. Scimitar. A Turkish sword. Scutcheon. See Escutcheon. Sectarian (secure, sectum, to cut). One who

cuts off a part, belonging to a party. Sedimentary rocks. Rocks deposited in

layers by the action of water. Seigniorial. Pertaining to the rights of the

seignior or lord. Senate. An assembly for deliberation. Sentient (sentire, to feel). Capable of feeling. Shale. A kind of scaly stone. Sheen. Shining brightness. Shinar. A plain near Babylon where the

Tower of Babel was built. Shoddy. The name given to a coarse kind

of cloth made in Yorkshire. Sidon. An ancient city of Phænicia N. of

Palestine. Silicious (silex, silicis, flint). Full of flint. Simnel. A kind of cake made in Shrews.

bury and neighbourhood. Sinuous (sinus, a bending). Twisting about. Siren. À seductive and flattering person.

See Myths anul Legends, page 112. Sleight. A sly trick. Solicitude. Anxiety. Soliloquy (solus, alone, loqui, to speak).

Speaking to one's self. Sombre. Dark, gloomy. Sordid. Mean. Spectrum. Mirror. Sphinx. The name of a fabulous monster peculiar to Egyptian sculptures. See

Myths and Legends, page 146. Stability (stare, to stand). Fixedness, con

sistency. Stagnation (stagnum, a pool). Inactivity,

want of life. A stagnant pool is foul. Stalactites, Stalagmites. Concretions of

carbonate of lime or other minerals deposited by water dropping from the roof of a cavern. When the mineral is deposited in columns pendent from the roof the

Reach, noun. A straight portion in the

cour e of a river. Recompense. A repayment. Redress. A setting right, a reform. Redundant unda, a wave. Overflowing,

more than is necessary. Reef. A range of rocks separated or reft

from the land. Refractive (frangère, fractus, to break).

Breaking the line of a ray, turning back Regicide (rex, regis, a king, cædere, to kill).

The killer of a king. Reinvigorate. To give new strength or

vigour Reiterate. To repeat over and over again. Rejoinder. A reply. Relume lumen, a light). To relight. Reminiscence. A bringing back to memory. Replete. Full of. Repugnant pugnāre, to fight. Strongly opposed to. quital. Returning, repayment. atment. A strong feeling of injury.

e. What remains behind.

name stalactite is given; when the columns or heaps rise from the floor they are said

to be stalagmites. Stockade. A place fenced off by stakes. Strata. Layers of rock or other substance

deposited in regular succession. Stratagem. A trick to entrap. Striated. Marked with grooves or little

furrows. Submerge (mergo, to plunge). To sink

under. Subserve. To serve as an agent or instru

ment. Subterfuge ( fugere, to fly). A means of es

caping from a difficulty. Subtle. Artful, crafty. Succumb (cumbere, to lie). To yield, to sub

mit. Sumptuary (sumptus, expense). Relating

to expenses. Sumptuous. Expensive, splendid, Superficial. On the surface. Supersede (sedere, to sit). To take the place

of another. Supplicate. To bend before, to entreat. Surge (surgěre, to rise). To rise, to swell. Susceptible. Easily influenced. Sustenance. Nourishment.

Unarrestable. Not to be arrested or checked. Unassuaged. Not to be assuaged or made

calm. Undergraduate (gradus, a step). A student

at a university who has not taken his degree or graduated. Unequivocally. Without any doubt. Unguerdon. To be without reward. Unprecedented. Not to be equalled. Unpremeditated. Without any previous

thought. Unwary Not wary, thoughtless. Usurp. To take wrongfully. Usury. Excessive interest for money. In the middle ages this was used for any interest, which it was thought very sinful to receive.

Taunt. An angry rebuke.
Tenedos. An island off the coast of Troy.
Texture. Composition.
Theory. A probable explanation of certain

Thyme. A sweet herb.
Tinge. To colour.
Tivoli. A town in Italy, near Rome.
Topics. Subjects of discussion.
Trait. A distinguishing mark.
Transcendent (scandère, to climb). Far sur-

passing. Transient (ire, to go). Quickly passing away. Transit. A passage across. Translucent (lux, lucis, light). Shining

through. Transmutation (mutūre, to change). An

cntire change. Transversely (vertère, to turn). A going

across. Travail. Toil, labour. Trite (terére, tritus, to rub). Well-rubbed,

well-worn, common. Troll. To use a trolling line in fishing. Trophy (G. tropos, a turning). A mark of

victory where the enemy is turned back. Tuber. "A swollen or round root. Turmoil. Trouble, weariness. Tutelage. Protection, guidance. Tyro. A beginner.

Vanguard. The front part of an army on

march. Verdure. Greenness, freshness. Vermeil. A bright red colour. Vernal (ver, spring). Springlike. Vicissitude (vicis, a change). A change. Villein. One of the lowest order in society

in feudal times. Vista. A view, a prospect. Vitality (vita, life). Full of life. Vitreous. Glassy, transparent. Vociferous (vox, vocis, the voice, ferre, to

hear). Noisy, clamorous. Volatile (volare, to fly). Fleeting, evapor

ating. Voluptuous (voluptas, pleasure). Fond of

pleasure, or giving pleasure. Volute (volvere, to roll). An architectural

ornament resembling a ribbon or band

rolled up. Voracious ( vorax, vorācis, devouring).

Votary (votum, a vow). One devoted to any

Votive. According to vow.
Vouchsafe. To grant.
Waft. To move gently.

A guardian.
Wastel. A kind of bread of inferior quality

to the simnel. Watchet-coloured. A pale blue colour. Wight (A. S. wiht, a person, a living being).

A person.
Yoeman. A small freeholder.

Zephyr. A soft, gentle breeze.
Zest. That which increases a pleasure.
Zoological (G. 20on, an animal). Pertaining

to the science of animals.

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