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Saxon Chronicles, which he often mistranslated. Toward the end his life, wrote De Contemptu Mundi, on the illustrious men whose fa from power the author and his friend had seen. Cf. English Writers, vol. iii., pp. 98-101.

Joseph of Exeter. Only a fragment of his works is extant. Con. sult English Writers, vol. iii., p. 183. See the same work for the others here mentioned.

143. these modem scribblers. On them, consult Saintsbury's History of Elizabethan Literature.

144. apparently perpetuated by a proverb. What proverb ? We confess our ignorance.

146. for he ... knew little of Latin. Read Ben Jonson's poem, on which this statement is based, and cf. in Prof. Corson's Introduction to Shakespeare, his ingenious suggestion and the quotation from Ingoldsby's Centurie of Prayse.

147. the setting may require ... to be renewed, as in the case of Chaucer. Have these attempts been successful ? Cf. the works of Dryden, Pope, and Wordsworth.

195. With Spectator, No. 269 (p. 63 of Thurber's Select Essays of Addison), “Sir Roger comes to town,” and Marmion, introduction to canto vi., might be begun a very interesting survey of Christmas in English Literature.

Ben Jonson wrote Hue and Cry after Christmas, but who wrote the Old Song ?

197. Heart calleth unto heart. Cf. in The Voyage the analogue of this expression, and look up, in the Psalms, the context of the analogue.

202. mystery. Compare, in Webster's International, the great dissimilarity in source of the two homonyms of which Irving here uses the second.

205. in twelve days. Cf. “ Twelfth-Night” in Webster's International, and p. 11 of Rolfe's edition of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, or p. 26 of Hudson's school edition.

207. Poor Robin's Almanac. Consult Brewer's Reader's Handbook.

213. a hall ... it had . been. What was a “hall ” ? What made it such ?

216. jumping with his humor. Cf. Twelfth Night, act 5, sc. i., and the International Dictionary, under "jump." With the character of Master Simon, compare Will Wimble of the Spectator, De Coverley Papers.


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218. the young soldier. Cf. the accomplishments of the Squire in the Prologue to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.

air of the Troubadour. Does Irving mean “O Richard, ô mon Roi," from the opera “ Richard Cour-de-Lion,” words by Sedaine, music by Grétry (1784) ?

232. Duke Humphry. Consult Brewer's Reader's Handbook, p. 461, or Chambers's Cyclopædia of English Literature, p. 117, footnote.

234. a Christmas box. Cf. Webster's International, 6 box,” 4 and 9, and compare “ Boxing-day, the first week-day after Christmas-day, ... on which post-men and servants of various kinds expect to receive a Christmas-box.” Murray Dictionary.

276. Read also in Hawthorne's Our Old Home, “ Recollections of a Gifted Woman."

277. the Jubilee. This took place in 1769. We append extracts from a letter to the Gentleman's Magazine of August of that year. "I found the town filling fast . .. but the inhabitants either pursuing their occupations in the old dog-trot way or staring .. at the preparations, the purpose of which they had very few ideas about.

The poet's bust was loaded with branches of bays. ... The town hall was ornamented with a copy of Gainsborough's portrait of Garrick and a very good picture of Shakespeare.” The next morning the writer “rose early and got to the breakfasting in the town hall at nine. At eleven we adjourned to the church, where the oratorio of Judith was admirably performed.” At the dinner, served at four in the great booth, “Lord Grosvenor proposed a bumper to the steward, and Mr. Garrick proposed ... another to the memory of the Bard, to which was subjoined three cheers, at the instance of your humble servant. The whole closed with the old loyal song of God save the King.'” The next morning, our narrator was “alarmed by such a hateful rain," that the procession was given up, but the ode was performed at twelve: “here Garrick did outdo all his former outdoings. At the masked ball, that night (he minutely describes his costume), the narrator danced till he “retired, perfectly satisfied and unfatigued between six and seven.

277. the house where Shakespeare was born. See the introduction to Rolfe's edition of The Merchant of Venice, for a picture of the house.

278. Santa Casa. Consult Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable.

279. the parish church has recently been suffering " restoration”

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at the hands of a rector whose vandalism raised a storm of protest from John-o'-Groats to Land's-End.

An avenue of limes. Are you sure that you know what sort of tree Irving meant ? Consult dictionary.

280. cutting down Shakespeare's mulberry-tree. For an explanation of this act, consult Encylopædia Britannica, under “Stratford," and Mitford's memoir in the Riverside edition of Shakespeare's poems. 282. a ludicrous epitaph. It is as follows :

Ten in the hundred lies here engrav'd
'Tis a hundred to ten his soul is not sav'd:
If any man ask, Who lies in this tomb?
Ho! ho ! quoth the Devil, 'tis

my John-a-Combe.” 284. luces in the quarterings. See Merry Wives of Windsor, act 1, sc. i., 15.

292. a fine hand. Irving and Sir Roger de Coverley seem to have the same admiration for this point of beauty. Cf. Spectator, No. 113, " Sir Roger in love" (Thurber's Select Essays of Addison, pp. 34-38).

294. By cock and pye. Cf. pp. 240 and 241.

362. St. Nicholas. Consult Brewer's Reader's Handbook, under “ St. Nicholas," and on page 862, under “ Mariners."

363. the nightmare, etc. See King Lear, act 3, sc. iv.

364. It is remarkable, etc. What event, later in the story, is the reason for this paragraph ?

365. in a remote period. Why does Irving use this phrase ?

tarried. Why did Crane so express his sojourning? Cf. quotation 1 in Century Dictionary and the quotation in Webster's International.

367. the lion bold. In the illuminated alphabet in the New England Primer, the L is accompanied by a picture of a lion protecting with his paw a lamb, the explanatory couplet reading :

The Lion bold

The Lamb doth hold." 368. inferior in learning only to the parson. Cf. Goldsmith's Deserted Village.

369. the little brook that whimpered. Why not “babbled ” ? 372. pudding in his belly. Use a Shakespeare concordance.

373. they might be readily turned into cash, etc. What trait of New Englanders has Irving in mind ?

a pacing mare. A breed of horses using this gait, and known as “ Narragansett pacers," was peculiar to New England.

wondering. This idea is expressed by "wonderful,” in the earlier editions. Cf. “ fearful,” p. 369.

379. quilting frolic. Consult Webster's International, under “quilt,” “ quilting,” and “ bee.”

383. oly koek, oil-cake ; i.e., a cake fried in oil or lard, like the doughnut and cruller. The three dainties varied most in shape, the doughnut being a disk with a large central perforation, the cruller a cylinder bent upon itself and twisted (consult Dictionary), the oly koek a sphere or spheroid.

384. Saint Vitus was the son of a noble Sicilian, who, in order to force his son to renounce the Christian faith, shut him up in a prison. Here the father once beheld his son dancing with angels.

387. should. Why not “ would ” ?

389. dreaming of mountains of com, etc. Observe that Ichabod's spirit of hopefulness has communicated itself to his steed. To both alike comes disappointment.

witching time. Consult a Shakespeare concordance, under “ Witching hour."

393. If I can but reach that bridge. Why would reaching the bridge make Crane safe, as he thought ? Cf. Burns's Tam O'Shanter.

396. Ten Pound Court. See Century Dictionary, under pound,” 3, t.

397. Postscript. What reason for appending this postscript ? Cf. p. 37 and the note.

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The Academy Classics THE "HE works selected for this series are such as have gained a

conspicuous and enduring place in literature; nothing is admitted either trivial in character or ephemeral in interest. Each volume is edited by a teacher of reputation, whose name is a guaranty of sound and judicious annotation. It is the aim of the notes to furnish assistance only where it is absolutely needed, and, in general, to permit the author to be his own interpreter.

All the essays and speeches in the series (excepting Webster's Reply to Hayne) are printed without abridgment. The plays of Shakespeare are expurgated only where necessary for school use.

The series is handsomely bound in blue cloth, the page is open and clear, and the paper of the best quality.

ADDISON. De Coverley Papers.
Edited by Samuel Thurber. Cloth, 35 cents.

This volume contains thirty-seven papers of which twenty have Sir
Roger as the main theme, and seventeen mention him in such a
way as to throw further light on his character,

ARNOLD. Essays in Criticism.
Edited by Susan S. Sheridan. Cloth, 25 cents.

The essays are those on The Study of Poetry, on Keats, and on

Wordsworth, Rugby Chapel.

Edited by L. D. Syle. (In Four English Poems. Cloth, 35 cents.) Sohrab and Rustum.

Edited by G. A. Watrous. (In Three Narrative Poems. Cloth, 30 cents.)

BURKE. Conciliation with the Colonies.
Edited by C. B. Bradley. Cloth, 30 cents.

This book contains the complete speech, and a sketch of the
English Constitution and Government.

BURNS. Selections.
Edited by Lois G. Hufford. Cloth, 35 cents.

The selections are five in number and include The Cotter's
Saturday Night, Tam O'Shanter, The Vision, The Brigs of Ayr,
and all the more familiar short poems and songs.


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