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determined to marry again, and made his addresses to a young lady of great wit' and beauty, one of the daughters of Dr. Davis. But intelligence of this coming to his wife, and the then declining state of the King's cause, and consequently of the circumstances of Justice Powell's family, caused them to set all engines on work to restore the wife again to her husband. And his friends too for different reasons seem to have been as desirous of bringing about a reconciliation as her's, and this method of effecting it was concerted between them. He had a relation, one Blackborough, living in the lane of St. Martin's Le Grand, whom he often visited; and one day when he was visiting there, it was contrived that the wife should be ready in another room; and as he was thinking of nothing less, he was surprised to see her, whom he had expected never to have seen any more, falling down upon her knees at his feet, and imploring his forgiveness with tears. At first he showed some signs of aversion, but he continued not long inexorable; his wife's entreaties, and the intercession of friends on both sides, soon wrought upon his generous nature, and procured a happy reconciliation, with an act of oblivion of all that was past". But he did not take his wife home immediately; it was agreed that she should remain at a friend's, till the house, that he had newly taken, was fitted for their reception; for some other gentlemen of his acquaintance, having observed the great success of his method of education,

'Fenton observes, that the in the tenth book of Paradise impression which this interview Lost, in which Eve sues to Adam made on Milton's imagination for pardon and peace. See the probably contributed much to the note, P. L. x. 940. E. painting of that pathetie scene VOL. I.

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had recommended their sons to his care; and his house in Aldersgate-street not being large enough, he had taken a larger in Barbican: and till this could be got ready, the place pitched upon for his wife's abode was the widow Webber's house in St. Clement's Church-yard, whose second daughter had been married to the other brother many years before. The part, that Milton acted in this whole affair, showed plainly that he had a spirit capable of the strongest resentment, but yet more inclinable to pity and forgiveness: and neither in this was any injury done to the other lady, whom he was courting, for she is said to have been always averse from the motion, not daring I suppose to venture in marriage with a man who was known to have a wife still living. He might not think himself too at liberty as before, while his wife continued' obstinate; for his most plausible argument for divorce proceeds upon a supposition, that the thing be done with mutual consent.

After his wife's return his family was increased not only with children, but also with his wife's relations, her father and mother, her brothers and sisters, coming to live with him in the general distress and ruin of the royal party: and he was so far from resenting their former ill treatment of him, that he generously protected them, and entertained them very hospitably, till their affairs were accommodated through his interest with the prevailing faction. And then upon their

* Mr. Todd observes, that Mr. " and Gentlemen that have comPowell seems to have smarted “ pounded for their estates,' severely for his attachment to London, 1655, he was thus the royal party. In the “ Cata- branded as well as fined: “ Ria “ logue of the Lords, Knights, “chard Powell Delinquent, per

removal, and the death of his own father, his house Jooked again like the house of the Muses: but his studies had like to have been interrupted by a call to public business; for about this time there was a design of constituting him Adjutant General in the army under Sir William Waller; but the new modelling of the army soon following, that design was laid aside. And not long after, his great house in Barbican being now too large for his family, he quitted it for a smaller in High Holborn, which opened backward into Lincoln's Inn Fields, where he prosecuted his studies till the King's trial and death, when the Presbyterians declaiming tragically against the King's execution, and asserting that his person was sacred and inviolable, provoked him to write the Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, proving that it is lawful to call a tyrant to account and to depose and put him to death, and that they who of late so much blame deposing are the men who did it themselves: and he published it at the beginning of the year 1649, to satisfy and compose the minds of the people’. Not long after this he wrote his Observations

" John Pye, Esq. 5761. 12s. 3d." This report seems little proAnd his house had been before bable in itself, and the Bio. seized by the rebels. But Dr. graphers of Milton have usually Symmons remarks upon this, noticed it with some suspicion. that though delinquent was the Philips, who first gave it, only usual term applied to the Royal- says, I am much mistaken it ists by the Parliament and its " there were not about this time adherents, it might mean here " a design in agitation of making nothing more than defaulter with “ him an Adjutant-general, &c.” reference to the composition, E. which was not a very heavy one. Neque de jure regio quic

See some further particulars quam a me scriptum est, donec respecting Mr. Powell in T. Rex hostis a Senatu judicatus, Warton's notes on Milton's Nun- belloque victus causam captivus cipative Will, subjoined to the apud judices diceret, capitisque Lift. E.

damnatus est. Tum vero tan

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on the articles of peace between the Earl of Ormond and the Irish rebels. And in these and all his writings, whatever others of different parties may think, he thought himself an advocate for true liberty, for ecclesiastical liberty in his treatises against the bishops, for domestic liberty in his books of divorce, and for civil liberty in his writings against the King in defence of the parliament and people of England.

After this he retired again to his private studies : and thinking that he had leisure enough for such a work, he applied himself to the writing of a History of England, which he intended to deduce from the earliest accounts down to his own times; and he had finished four books of it, when neither courting nor expecting any such preferment, he was invited by the Council of State to be their Latin Secretary for foreign affairs . dem, cum presbyteriani quidam ad componendos potius hominum ministri, Carolo prius infestis- animos factus, quam ad statuensimi, nunc independentium par- dum de Carolo quicquam, quod tes suis anteferri, et in senatu non mea sed magistratuum interplus posse indignantes, parla- erat, et peractum jam tum erat. menti sententiæ de rege latæ Def. Sec. Pr. W. ii. p. 385. E. (non facto irati, sed quod ipsorum'

• To which are added remarks factio non fecisset) reclamitarent, upon the letter to Colonel Jones, et quantum in ipsis erat tumul. Governor of Dublin, in which tuarentur, ausi affirinare protes. Ormond sought to withdraw him tantium doctrinam, omnesque from the service of the Parliaecclesias reformatas ab ejusmodi ment, and upon the representain reges atroci sententia abhor- tion of the Scots presbytery, at rere, ratus falsitati tam apertæ Belfast, in which they declared palam eundum obviam esse, ne

their abhorrence of the death of tum quidem de Carolo quicquam the King, the breach of the coscripsi aut suasi, sed quid in venant, and the toleration of the genere contra tyrannos liceret, different persuasions. Birch. adductis haud paucis summorum

6 Milton thus describes his latheologorum testimoniis, ostendi; bours and circumstances prior to et insignem hominum meliora this call to a public situation. profitentium sive ignorantiam Hanc intra privatos parietes mésive impudentiam prope concio am operam nunc ecclesiæ, nunc nabundus incessi. Liber iste non reipublicæ gratis dedi; mihi vinisi post mortem regis prodiit, cissim vel hæc vel illa præter in

He served in the same capacity under Oliver, and Richard, and the Rump, till the Restoration; and without doubt a better Latin pen could not have been found in the kingdom. For the Republic and Cromwell scorned to pay that tribute to any foreign prince, which is usually paid to the French king, of managing their affairs in his language; they thought it an indignity and meanness, to which this or any free nation ought not to submit; and took a noble resolution neither to write any letters to any foreign states, nor to receive any answers from them, but in the Latin tongue, which was common to them all. And it would have been well, if succeeding princes had followed their example; for in the opinion of very wise men, the universality of the French language will make way for the universality of the French monarchy.

But it was not only in foreign dispatches that the government made use of his pen. He had discharged the business of his office a very little time, before he was called to a work of another kind. For soon after the King's death was published a book under his name, entitled Eixo Bariazn, or the royal image: and this book, like Cæsar's last will, making a deeper impression and exciting greater commiseration in the minds of the people than the King himself did while alive,

columitatem nihil; bonam certe aut minorum conventuum vestia' conscientiam, bonam apud bonos bulis hærentem nemo me unquam exístimationem, et honestam hanc vidit. Domi fere me continebam, dicendi libertatem facta ipsa red- meis ipse facultatibus, tametsi didere: commoda alii, alii hono- hoc civili tumultu magna ex parte res gratis ad se trahebant: me detentis, et censum fere iniquius nemo ambientem, nemo per amic mihi impositum, et vitam utcuncos quicquam petentem, curiæ que frugi tolerabam. Pr. W. ii. foribus affixum petitorio vultu, p. 386. ed. 1753. E.

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