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15 GEORGE THE THIRD, A. D. 1774.
liament met at Westminster. His Majesty
being seated on the throne, adorned with OF THE
his crown and regal ornaments, and atFOURTEENTH PARLIAMENT
tended by his officers of state, (the Lords being in their robes), commanded the
Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod to let GREAT BRITAIN.
the Commons know, “ It is his Majesty's “ pleasure that they attend him immedi
« ately in this House :" MEETING of the New Parliament.*] Who being come, the Lord Chancellor Nov. 29, 1774. "This day the New Par said :
* " Whilst matters of the greatest magni- themselves, that as things had appeared so tode were transacting in America, an upex- very frequently at the verge of a rupture, withampled supineness with regard to public af- out actually arriving at it, that now, as forfairs, prevailed among the great body of the merly, some means would be found for accompeople at home. The English nation, which modating this dispute. At worst it was conused to feel so tremblingly alive, upon every ceived, that tbe Americans would themselves contest that arose between the remotest powers grow tired. And as an opinion was circulated in Europe, and to interest itself so much in the with some industry and success, that a counteissue, as scarcely to be witb-beld from be- vance of resolution, if persevered in for some coting a party wherever justice or friendship time, would certainly put an end to the contest, pointed out the way, by a strange reverse of whicb (it was said) had been nourished wholly temper, seemed, at this time, inuch more in- by former concessions, people were in general different to matters, in which were involved inclined to leave the trial of the effects of perits own immediate and dearest interests. Even severance and resolution, to a ministry who the great commercial and manufacturing bo. valued theinselves on those qualities. The dies, who must be the first to feel, and the last court had also with great tenaciousness adto lament any sinister events in the colonies, hered to this system for some years. It freand who are generally remarkable for a quick quently got the better, not only of the regular foresight and provident sagacity in whatever opposition, but of parties in the ministry it. regards their interest, seemed now to be sunk in self, who were from time to time inclined to the same carelessness and inattention with the relax either from fear, weariness, or change of rest of the people.
opinion. All these things had hitherto indis"Several causes concurred to produce this posed the body of the nation from taking part apparent indifference. The colony contests in the sanguine manner they had hitherto done were no longer new. From the year 1765, on other subjects, and formerly on this. they had, with but few, and those short inter “ From these causes, administration being missions, engaged the attention of parliament. totally disengaged at home, was at full leisure Most of the topics on the subject were ex to prosecute the measures which it had designed bausted, and the vebement passions wbich ac against America, or to adopt such new ones, as companied them bad subsided. The non-im the opposition there rendered necessary toportation agreement, (by divisions withiu the wards carrying the new laws into execution. colonies, wbich, if not caused, were much for- The times indeed were bighly favourable to Warded by the concessions with regard to se- any purpose, which only required the concurveral of the taxes laid in 1767) bad broken up, rence of that parliament, and the acquiescence before it bad produced any serious conse- of the people. quences. Most people therefore flattered “ Notwithstanding these favourable circum- (VOL. XVIII.)
“ My Lords, and Gentlemen; is his Majesty's pleasure, that you, gen" His Majesty has been pleased to com- tlemen of the House of Commons, do immand me to acquaint you, that he will de- mediately repair to the place where the fer declaring the causes of calling this Commons usually sit, and there chuse a parliament till there shall be a Speaker of fit person to be your Speaker; and that the House of Commons; and therefore, it you present such person, who shall be so
stances on the one side, and that general indif- only to demand a large sum of money for the ference which prevailed on the other, it was discharge of the standing debt, but also that a not totally forgotten by either, that the time requisition would be made, for such a considefor a General Election was approaching, and rable and certain yearly addition to the civil that the parliament had but one session more list revenues, as would prevent all such mortito complete its allotted term. In some few fying applications for the future. places, where the popular spirit ran high, tests Though no doubt could be entertained of were already proposed to be signed by their the good will and compliance of the then parfuture candidates, previous to their receiving liament, it was, perhaps, not thought prudent, any assurance, or promise of support from the to load ihem with so disagreeable a task, at the electors. At a meeting of the freeholders of eve of a general election. Recent experience the county of Middlesex, a test was proposed had shewn, that this was a subject wbich would to Mr. Wilkes and serjeant Glynne, and hy excite much general discussion; and that how. them signed, in which they engaged their ut- ever a majority might, for their zeal to the ease most endeavours to promote Bills for shortening of their sovereign, overlook all the difficulties the duration of parliaments, for the exclusion that could be raised within doors, such a settleof placemen and pensioners from the House of ment, attended with the payment of a great Commons; for a more fair and equal represen- present balance, and loaded with an entailed tation of the people; for vindicating the injured irredeemable future incumbrance, would not at rights of the freeholders of that county, and all be satisfactory without. People are apt to through them of all the electors in the kingdon); be out of humour at the parting with iheir for procuring a repeal of the four late Ame- money, and an application for future trust and rican Acts, viz. That for the province of Que favour, in such a temper, would seem, at least, bec, and the three wbich affected the town of ill-timed. On the other hand, such a measure Boston, and the province of Massachuset's would be nothing in the hands of a new parliaBay; besides binding themselves, sv far as in ment, and would be worn out of memory, or them lay, to restore and defend that excellent become only an historical reference, at the time form of government, which had been modelled of their natural demise. The sinister events and established at the Revolution.
| wbich have since taken place have, bowever, “ Tests, upon much the same principles, hitherto prevented the making of any requisiwere proposed in London and some other tion of this nature. places; and it is still the opinion of some of “Another motive may, perhaps, be supihose, who were sanguine in that mode of pro- posed, for the measure of dissolution. That ceeding, that the apprehension of its becoming parliament had already passed the most hostile general, influenced the subsequent conduct of laws against America; and as they could not, administration to the dissolution of parliament. with so good a grace, l'escind their own acts, This opiniou, however, seems ill-founded. the minister was, in some degree, tied down to There was no reason then to expect, nor is å perseverance in the support of those meathere now to imagine, that the mode of sub- sures on which they were founded ; whereas, scribing to tests would have become general, in a new House of Commons, he would be or even extensive. The influence of adminis. somewhat at large in chusing or altering his tration, in a great number of the boroughs, and line of conduct, as circumstances varied, and in many of the counties, is at all times too well they, if necessary, might throw all the odium known to be called in question ; and the prin- l of those laws upon their predecessors. cipal and most celebrated leaders in opposition “ It may also be supposed, that as the issue totally disclaimed all tests whatever, as unwor. of the American measures became every day thy of themselves, derogatory of their charac more precarious, it was thought a right meater as senators, and restrictive of their rights as sure to have the elections over, before any unmen.
fortunate event could change the temper, or “ Other more probable causes must be irritate the minds of the people. If this should sought, for the measure of dissolving the par. coincide with the time of a general election, liament. The civil list was again become there was no doubt but the opposition must deeply in debt, and the distresses of the lower carry every thing before it. This, in all likepart of the houshold, from the withholding of lihood, was the strongest and most prevalent ibeir wages, were become so notorious, and so motive to this resolution, though the others much spoken of, that it seemed disgraceful to might bave had their share. And it may be the nation, as well as grievous to the sovereign. safely concluded, that a saving to the friends It was therefore thought, and probably rightly, of government, by curtailing the time for consbat it was intended, in the ensuing session, not test and expence, particularly in the counties,
chosen, to his Majesty here for his royal
A LIST OF THE House or COMMONS approbation to-morrow, at two of the clock."
IN THE FOURTEENTH PARLIAMENT Then his Majesty was pleased to retire: OF GREAT BRITAIN, which mer and the Commons withdrew.
AT WESTMINSTER, Nov. 29, 1774.
List of the House of Commons.] The BEDFORDSHIRE. John earl of Upper Ossory.-following is a List of the Members of the Robert Henley Ongley ; created lord House of Commons:
Ongley in Ireland, September 2, 1776.
Bedford. Sir William Wake.-- Robert was not at all overlooked upon this occasion. Sparrow; not duly elected..--Samuel Indeed, the opposition complained that they Whitbread; duly elected, and ought to did not receive fair play; that some places were
have been returned. lost by surprize; and, they said, that those in the secret had infinite advantages, by setting
BERKSHIRE. Christopher Griffith; died, and ogt betimes for the scene of action, and taking
the Speaker issued his warrant to the the necessary measures to strengthen their in
clerk of the crown for a new writ, Ja. terest, before even a suspicion of the design
nuary 14, 1776.--Win. Henry Hartley.
--John Elwes. was formed on the other side. " However it was, very unexpectedly, and
Windsor. Augustus Keppel.--John Monmuch to the surprize of the nation in general, tagu. (as it bad not been a measure much practised Reading Francis Annesley.-----Joba of late years, no similar instance having oc
Dodd. curred sioce the year 1746, and even that
Wallingford. Sir Robert Barker ; bribeing an unique in the long reign of Geo. 2,) |
gadier general in the East India Coma proclamation was issued, ou the Soth of Sep
pany's service --Jobo Cator.. teinber, for the dissolution of the parliament, and the calling of a new one, the writs for
Abingdon. John Mayor ; the committee which were made returpable on the 29th day
that tried this election found it a void of the following November. Notwithstanding |
election; and a new writ ordered,
March 6, 1775.--John Mayor. the surprize, and shortness of the time, some of the elections were contested with extraor- | BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. Ralph earl Verney.--. dinary perseverance and ardour.
George Grenville; a teller of the Ex"In London, the popular party carried every
chequer, and nephew and heir to earl thing before them, and returned all the mem
Temple, to whose title and estate he bers. Mr. Wilkes was again elected to repre
succeeded, and the Speaker issued bis sent the county of Middlesex, without a shadow
warrant to the clerk of the crown for a of opposition from the court, and lord mayor of
new writ, October 9, 1779.- Thomas that city for the ensuing year; and there was
Grenville; an ensign in the foot guards, no doubt that the court party, grown somewbat and brother to earl Temple. wiser by long and bitter experience, would no longer controvert his seat. The dispute, con
Buckingham. James Grenville, jun.-cerning that single seat, had produced to them
Richard Grenville; has a company in more troubles, vexation, and disgraces, than
the foot guards. the contest with the twelve united colonies of Chipping Wycombe. Thomas FitzmauAmerica. It would have been an imprudence, rice; brother to the earl of Shelburne, of the grossest kind, to mix these disputes in -- Robert Waller. the present crisis, and thus, after year 14 years Aylesbury. Anthony Bacon.--John Austruggle, it was thought the best way to leave brey; eldest son of sir Thomas Aubrey, him master of the field. " It was said, by some of those who are
Agmondesham, William Drake, sen.--. curious in attending to such observations, that
William Drake, jud. Dotwithstanding the surprize, and the shortness of the time, a greater number of the old mem
Wendover, Joseph Bullock; made stew. bers were thrown out than was common at
ard of the manor of East Hendred in general elections. However the fact might be,
the county of Berks; a new writ orthose who were the best acquainted with men
dered, 1775.--Thomas Dummer.--John and things, did not augur any change of system
Adams ; made his election for the bofrom this circumstance. The court, notwith
rough of Caermarthen; a new writ standing all the ill success of all the measures
ordered, December 20, 1774.--Henry from which the best success was so confidently
Drummond; a banker in Westminster. expected, seemed firmly resolved to persevere Great Marlow. William Clayton.--John in the same course. It is said, that private ad
Borlace Warren ; created a baronet, vices from America encouraged them to set a May 20, 1775; made a master and light value on the public appearances." Annual commander, and afterwards a post cap
tain in the royal pary,
CAMBRIDGESHIRE. Sir Sampson Gideon.--Sir died, a new writ ordered, November 18, John Hinde Cotton.
1774.-- Sir Charles Whitworth; lieuUniv. of Cambridge. Charles marquis of
tenant-governor of Tilbury Fort; chairGranby; grandson and beir to the duke
man of the committees of ways and . of Rutland ; on whose death he became
means, and treasurer of the Foundling duke of Rutland ; a new writ ordered, hospital; in this parliament before for May 1779.-- James Mansfield; appoint
Easilone; died, and the Speaker issued ed solicitor-general to his majesty on
bis warrant to the clerk of the crown the dissolution of this 14th parliament.
for a new writ, September 22, 1778.--- Richard Croftes.
Henry Strachey ; storekeeper of the Town of Cambridge. Soame Jenyns.-
ordnance; in this parliament before for
Bishop's Castle; made steward of the C. Sloan Cadogan; succeeded his fa.
three Chiltern Hundreds in the county ther as lord Cadogan ; a new writ or
of Buckinghamshire; a new writ ordered, November 1, 1776.-- Benjamin
dered, July 1780, he was chosen for Keene; son of the bishop of Ely.
Bishop's Castle.-- Paul Fielding. CAESHIRE. John Crewe... Samuel Egerton; Camelford. Jobn Amyand; a merchant
died, a new writ ordered, February 14, in London ; brother to sir George Amy1780.--Sir R. Salusbury Cotton.
and, bart.; died June 5, 1780; no new Chester. Thomas Grosvenor.--R. Wil.
writ was issued.-- Francis Herne; died, braham Bootle.
and the Speaker issued bis warrant to
the clerk of the crown, October 1776.-CORNWALL. Şir William Lemon.--Sir John Sir Ralph Payne; made one of the
Molesworth ; died, a new writ ordered, clerks comptrollers of the board of
green cloth; a new writ ordered, June ceiver-general of the duchy of Corn
5, 1777, be was re-chosen. wall; in this parliament before for St. Westlooe. William James; a director of Germain's.
the East India Company, and an elder Launceston. John Buller.--H. Morrice,
brother of the Trinity house; created a Leskard. Edward Gibbon; author of the
baronet of Great Britain, July 25, 1778. celebrated History of the “ Decline and
..Charles Ogilvie; made steward of Fall of the Roman empire;” made a
the three Chiltern Hundreds in the commissioner of trade and plantations ;
county of Buckingham; a new writ a new writ ordered, June 3, 1779, he ordered, 1775.--John Rogers. was re-elected.--Samuel Salt.
Grampound. Sir J. Yorke; brother to Lestwithiel. Arthur lord viscount Fair. the earl of Hardwicke; ambassador exford; only sop to the earl of Hillsbo
traordinary and plenipotentiary to the rough..-Charles Brett; made steward
States General ; colonel of a regiment of the tbree Chiltern Hundreds in the
of dragoons; a lieutenant-general; a county of Buckingham, a new writ or. knight of the bath, and a member of dered, 1776; he was afterwards the most honourable privy council.-in this parliament for Sandwich.--Tho. Richard Ald. Neville. mas Potter; appointed one of the Welsh Eastlooe. John Buller.--.-Sir Charles judges; a new writ ordered, Jupe 2, Wbitworth ; made steward of the three 1778, be was re-elected.
Chiltern Hundreds in the county of Truro. Bamber Gascoyne; a commis- |
Buckingbam ; a new writ ordered, sioner of trade and plantations; made
1774, he was chosen for Saltash..-Thoe commissioner of the admiralty ; a
mas Graves ; a captain in the navy ; new writ issued, June 3, 1779, he was
made steward of the three Chiltern re-elected.-- George Boscaweb; son to
Hundreds; a new writ ordered, lieutenant-general George Boscawen, I
1775 ; created Jord Graves ----Wil. and a captain in the horse guards.
liam Graves ; a master in chancery ;
brother to Thomas Graves, esq. Bodmyn. James Laroche; created a ba
ronet of Great Britain, August 24, 1776. Penryn Sir George Osborne; bas a --George Hunt.
company in the foot guards, and groom Helston. (D.R.) Francis marq.of Carmar
of the bedcbamber to the king.--Wilthen; son of the duke of Leeds, not duly
lian Chaytor. elected.---- Francis Owen; not duly Tregony. George Lane Parker ; brother elected.-.F. Cockayne Cust; uncle to
to the earl of Macclesfield, and colonel sir Brownlow Cust, bart. counsel to the of a regiment of foot, and a major-ge. admiralty and navy, and one of his peral.--- Alexander Leith ; created a majesty's counsellors at law; duly baronet, November 11, 1775. elected.-- Philip Yorke; duly elected.
Bossiney. John lord viscount MountSaltash. Grey Cooper; joint secretary stuart ; lord lieutenant of Glamorgan
to the treasury -- Thomas Bradshaw; sbire, and one of the auditors of the
imprest in reversion; created baron Clare ; of Ireland ; one of the viceCardiff of Cardiff-castle, in the county
treasurers of Ireland; created earl No. • of Glamorgan; a new writ ordered, gent in Ireland, July 2, 1776.--Hugh May 1776.---Charles Stuart; fourth
Boscawen. son to the earl of Bute; a lieutenant
Callington John D. Ackland; eldest colonel of a regiment of foot.--Henry
son to sir Thomas D. Ackland, bart.; a L. Luttrell; eldest son to lord Irnbam
major in the army ; diedl, a new writ of Ireland ; lieutenant-colonel of horse,
ordered, November 26, 1778.--George and adjutant-general to the land forces
Stratton; bis election declared void by in Ireland,
the committee, and a new writ ordered, St. Ives. William Praed; found not duly
February 1779.--.George Stratton.--elected ; a new writ ordered, May 8,
William Skryne. 1775. -Sir Thomas Wyon; lord lieu
CUMBERLAND. Sir James Lowther.---Henry tenant of Carparvonshire ; auditor of
Fletcher. the revenue of Wales ; created lord Newborough of Ireland, July 27, 1776.
Carlisle. Fletcher Norton; third son to -- Adam Drummond ; made steward of
sir Fletcher Norton, knt.; a counsellor the three Chiltern Hundreds in the
at law ; made steward of the manor of county of Buckingham; a new writ
East Hendred in Berkshire; a new ordered, December 1778: in this par
writ ordered, February 1775.--Walter liament afterwards for Aberdeen, Mon.
Stanbope; took the name of Spencer trose, &c.-- Pbilip Debany.
this parliament.--Anthony Storer.
Cockermouth. Fletcher Norton; made Foxey. Philip Rashleigh.---Molineux
his election for Carlisle..-Ralph GowShuldbam; a captain in the navy; made governor and commander in chief
land.---George Jobostone; made his of Newfoundland in 1772; made rear.
election for Appulby; a new writ or
dered, December 4, 1774.----James admiral of the squadron of his majesty's fleet in March 1775; made commander
Adair ; a serjeant at law. io cbief of his majesty's fleet in North | DERBYSHIRE. Lord George Cavendish.--God. America; created lord baron Shuldham
frey Bagoal Clarke; died, and the of Ireland, July 31, 1776.
Speaker issued bis warrant to the clerk St. Germains. Benjamin L’Anglois ; of crown for a new writ, November made storekeeper of the ordnance; a
1774.--Nathaniel Curzon ; eldest son new writ ordered, June 5, 1778, he was of lord Scarsdale. re-chosen ; appointed under secretary Derby. Lord Fred. Cavendish..-Wento lord viscount Stormont, one of his man Coke; made bis election for the majesty's principal secretaries of state.
county of Norfolk; a new writ ordered, --Édward Eliot; receiver-general to December 1774.--Jobn Gisborne; not the duchy of Cornwall, and a commis- |
duly elected.--Daniel Parker Coke ; sioner of trade and plantations ; made
duly elected, and ought to have been steward of the three Chiltern Hundreds
returned. in the county of Bucks; a new writ ordered, November 1775; he was DEVONSHIRE. John Parker.----Sir R. W. chosen for the county of Cornwall... Bampfylde ; died, and the Speaker John Pownal; secretary to the board of issued his warrant for a new wrii to the trade and plantations ; made a commis
clerk of the crown, August 1776.- John sioner of excise; a new writ ordered,
Rolle (Walter ; in this parliament beMay 28, 1776.-.John Peachy; son of
fore for Exeter ; died, a new writ or. sir Jarpes Peacby, bart.
dered, December 6, 1779.--Jobo Rolle. St. Michael's. James Scawen ; made his Exeter. Charles W. Bampfylde; eldest election for the county of Surrey ; a
son of sir Richard Warwick Bampfylde, new writ ordered, December 20, 1774.
bart. to whose title he succeeded in .-Thomas Howard ; a barrister at law,
1776.----John Rolle Walter ; made and uncle to the earl of Suffolk; suc
steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, .a ceeded bis grand-nephew as earl of new writ ordered, October 1, 1776.-Suffolk and Berkshire; the Speaker John Baring issued bis warrant for a new writ to the
Totness. James Amyatt.---Sir P. Jenn. clerk of the crown, September 13, 1779.
Clarke; created a baronet, October 26, Francis Hale.--Jobo Stephenson.
1774. Newport. H. Morrice; made bis elec Plymouth. Will. W. viscount Barringtion for Launceston ; a new writ or.
ton; made steward of the three Chiltern dered, December 21, 1774.--John Fre
Hundreds in the county of Bucks; a derick; son of sir John Frederick, bart. new writordered, January 1778.--George -- Richard Bull.
viscount Lewisham; eldest son to the St. Mawes. R. Craggs, lord viscount earl of Dartmouth...Sir Charles Har.