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up of your monies, and whatever else appertaineth to possession. And I feel that I should be very urgent in this, dear brethren, because of the nature of the place and age we live in. Do not, oh! do not tempt the Lord by coveting for yourselves a large fortune at the end of a certain period, or fighting and toiling to realize so many hundreds in the year, and to lay by so much, and to add so much annually to your stock; and to secure so much annually upon good securities. This is the reason why the Lord visits us with so many reverses, and cuts down the hopes of thousands. He cannot bear to see this Christian land so selling itself to mammon, and he would fain reclaim it to himself. He is fighting against us in love, and cannot find in his heart to give us up. Be not ye thus; but be ye like Lot in Sodom, and Abraham in the land of Canaan, and. Joseph in fleshly Egypt.

in fleshly Egypt. Will the Lord prosper you the less? He will prosper you the more, for godliness hath the promise of the life that now is, and of the life that is to come. But go not to take the advice I give you, in the expectation of growing rich thereby; for that were turning grace into licentiousness, and using the promise unto our own destruction. What then? Do it because it is of God's honour, and worship, and glory, so to do. Do it that the soil of your heart may be prepared for receiving; or, if it have received, may be strengthened to bear and fructify the seed of the word. Do it because it is your salvation and the salvation of your house, and the salvation of this city, and the salvation of this kingdom, to do so. Do it for the love of God, for the love of Christ and his church, for the love

of yourselves, for the love of your neighbour, and for the love even of your enemy.

Do I say, then, limit your desires to a certain narrow circle; give so much by the hundred to God and to the poor ; do not suffer your goods to amass; do not take advantage of your conditions? Why should I say so? Shall God not bless his own chosen ones ? Shall he not enrich them? Shall he not honour them ; even as Abraham, Joseph, and Daniel, were honoured, enriched, and blessed? God forbid that I should say so. I preach no such bondage. I preach to you the liberty of your Father's house : take what he sends, and enjoy it. If he sends more than you can use, let your flocks and herds increase, and your servants and your household, and become great and honourable. But give God the glory all the while, and look to him, not to the substance whịch he hath given you. I

pray you, brethren, to give heed to what I say, and the Lord give you understanding in all things. And finally as to the enjoying of it, I say, enjoy it; aye, and with a merry heart enjoy it; giving glory unto God, and eating your bread with singleness of heart. It is setting too much store by it, not to enjoy it. But enjoy it in the Lord. Ask him to bless it, and feed upon it heartily, and be of good cheer: and return him thanks when you are filled with his bounty, and rise up refreshed to do his work : thus proceed without fear; for where fear is, there is bondage. But, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free.

2. With respect to the animals which at first received names from Adam, in token of their subjection to him, the first and best office of men is to deliver them from that unruly, and ravenous, and malicious nature which hath usurped the dominion over them. That they should disobey his call; that they should not reverence his erect majesty, and heaven-beholding countenance; that they should harm him; that they should cruelly slay and devour him, is in the lower creatures the same high offence against the intention of their Creator, as that men should reject and disobey the voice of the Lord his God, and when God sent his eternal Son, the Life and Light of men, that they should take, and with wicked hands crucify and slay him. And to bring an animal into subjection unto man, is partially to redeen it from bondage, and to restore it to its lost estate. Wherefore the Holy Ghost is not ashamed to appeal to the obedience of animals against the untractable and rebellious nature of his people : saying, « The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.” Most idly, therefore, do they speak, who represent the natural state of the creatures as their right and their happiness; which truly is their misery, where the strongest preys upon the weakest, and all obtain a scanty and uncertain subsistence; their number few, their strength idle, their labour to destroy and lay waste. And as to being their right, if by that word, which is hardly proper of an irresponsible creature, be meant the first intention of their creation, and their ultimate destination; then the Garden of Eden was their right, and to be under man was their well-being; and for their destination it is thus written by the Prophets,

« The wolf also shall lie down with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion, and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together : and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice's den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain : for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.”

And though they speak of the beauty and nobility of the creatures in their wild condition, I think it will be found universally that the creatures which have been tamed, under the care and attention of man are brought to far greater strength when labour is the object, and to far greater beauty when beauty is the object. That by cruel slavery, and an oppressive galling yoke, they may be reduced both to greater misery, and a more miserable appearance, than they wear in their native wilds, I well believe : but this is not what I advocate ; for, next to the duty of delivering the creatures from the wildness and barbarity of their nature, I place the duty of treating them with humanity and kindness, when we have brought them into obedience. To conceive affection for them is very ignoble; to devote time and attention to them, beyond what is necessary to their training for good uses, is very idle; to doat upon them, let sentimentalists talk of it as they please, is a most debased and debasing passion; but to be humane and merciful to them, is the part of a good man. They are our servants, and as servants to be treated with a return of proper food and rest, and there is no meanness in condescending to treat them with words of kindness and encouragement. The Lord shews his care over the cattle, by including them in the rest of the seventh day : and I may say, he shewed his kindness even to the land, in appointing it the rest of the seventh year.

And here, brethren, I cannot pass without noticing the right which every animal hath to the Sabbath-day: and I think no good man ought to give his countenance to any person who plies the cattle on the Sabbath for hire, as upon ordinary working days. It is true, that the Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath; and in the service of God, the priests profaned the Sabbath, and were blameless: and works of necessity and mercy have always been excepted from the rest of the Sabbath ; and there is a degree of activity which is necessary for exercise and health to the creatures ; so that, here again, I lay down no positive interdict, as that a man should not, in order to worship with the congregation, avail himself of the means of conveyance from place to place; yet ought it always to be with great reluctance, when there is no other remedy of our distress : and I wish in my heart it were not necessary in any case. The keeping of the Sabbath in this, and in other particulars, is always taken by God as a great test of obedience. And so it is : for it requires cessation from gain, cessation from pleasure, cessation from our own inclinations in all things, and a complete cessation from the stated habits of another day; which, rest assured, will never be exactly conformed to, save

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