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With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,

Turrets and terrases, and glitt'ring spires.

Many a fair edifice besides, more like 5 5

Houses of God, (so well I have dispos'd

My aery microscope) thou may'st behold

Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs,

Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers

In cedar, marble, ivory or gold. 60

Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see

What conflux issuing forth, or entering in,

Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces

Hasting, or on return, in robes of state;

Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their power, 65

Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings:

Or embassies from regions far remote

In various habits on the Appian road,

Or on th' Emilian, some from farthest south,

Syene', and where the shadow both way falls, 70

Meroe Nilotic ile, and more to west,

The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea;

From th' Asian kings and Parthian among these,

From India and the golden Chersonese,

And utmost Indian ile Taprobane, 75

Dusk faces with white silken tui bants wreath'd;

From Gallia, Gades, and the British west,

Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north

Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool.

All nations now to Rome obedience pay, 80

To Rome's great Emperor, whose wide domain

In ample territory, wealth and power,

Civility of manners, arts and arms,

And long renown, thou justly may'st prefer

Before the Parthian; these two thrones except, 85

The rest are barb'rous, and scarce worth the sight,

Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd;

These having shown thee, I have shown thee all

The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.

This emp'ror hath no son, and now is old, 90

Old and lascivious, and from Rome retir'd

To Capreae, an iland small but strong

On the Campanian shore, with purpose there

His horrid lusts in private to enjoy,

Committing to a wicked favorite 55

All public cares, and yet of him suspicious,

Hated of all, and hating; with what ease,

Indued with regal virtues as thou art,

Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,

Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne

Now made a stye, and in his place ascending 101

A victor people free from servile yoke?

And with my help thou may'st; to me the power

Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.

Aim therefore at no less than all the world, 105

Aim at the high'est, without the high'est attain'd

Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,

On David's throne, be prophecy'd what will.

To whom the Son of God unmov'd reply'd >
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show in>

Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Volume III. F

Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to tell

Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts

On citron tables or Atlantic stone, 115

{For I have also heard, perhaps have read)

Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne,

Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold,

Crystal and myrrhine cups imboss'd with gems

And studs of pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst

And hunger still: then embassies thou show'st in

From nations far and nigh; what honor that,

But tedious waste of time to sit and hear

So many hollow complements and lies,

Outlandish flatteries? then proceed'st to talk 125

Of th' emperor, how easily subdued,

How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel

A brutish monster: what if I withal

Expel a devil who first made him such?

Let his tormenter Conscience find him out 5 130

For him I was not sent, nor yet to free

That people victor once, now vile and base,

Deservedly made vassal, who once just,

Frugal, and mild, and temp'rate, conquer'd well,

But govern ill the nations under yoke, 135

Peeling their provinces, exhausted all

By lust and rapin; first ambitious grown

Of triumph, that insulting vanity;

Then cruel, by their sports to blood inur'd

Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'd, .140

Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still,

And from the daily scene effeminate.

"What wise and valiant man would seek to free
These thus degenerate, by themselves inslav'd,
Or could of inward slaves make outward free? 145
Know therefore, when my season comes to sit
On David's throne, it shall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth,
Or as a stone that shall to pieces dash
All monarchies besides throughout the world, 150
And of my kingdom there shall be no end:
Means there shall be to this, but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.

To whom the Tempter impudent reply'd:
I see all offers made by me how slight 155

Thou valuest, because offer'd, and rejecVst:
Nothing will please the difficult and nice,
Or nothing more than still to contradict:
On th' other side know also thou, that I
On what I offer set as high esteem, 160

Nor what I part with mean to give for nought;
All these which in a moment thou behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give;
For giv'n to me, I give to whom I please,
No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else, 165

On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord,
Easily done, and hold them all of me;
For what can less so great a gift deserve?

Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain.
I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less, 171

Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter Th' abominable terms, impious condition;

But I endure the time, till which expir'd,

Thou hast permission on me. It is written 175

The first of all commandments, Thou shalt worship

The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;

And dar'st thou to the Son of" God propound

To worship thee accurs'd, now more accurs'd

For this attempt bolder than that on Eve, 180

And more blasphemous? which expect to rue.

The kingdoms of the world to thee were given,

Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd;

Other donation none thou canst produce:

If giv'n, by whom but by the King of Kings, 185

God over all supreme? if giv'n to thee,

By thee how fairly is the giver now

Repaid? But gratitude in thee is lost

Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame,

As offer them to me the Son of God, 190

To me my own, on such abhorred pact,

That I fall down and worship thee as God?

Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st

That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd.

To whom the Fiend with fear abash'd reply'd. Be not so sore offended, Son of God, 196

Though sons of God both angels are and men,
If I to try whether in higher sort
Than these thou bear'st that title, havepropos'd '-
What both from men and angels I receive, 200
Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth
Nations besides from all the quarter'd winds,

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