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THE CLERGY RESERVES:
HISTORY AND PRESENT POSITION,
SHOWING THE SYSTEMATIC ATTEMPTS THAT HAVE BEEN MADE TO
ESTABLISH IN CONNECTION WITH THE STATE, A
DOMINANT CHURCH IN CANADA.
A FULL ACCOUNT OF THE RECTORIES.
Also an Appendix
CONTAINING DR. ROLPH'S SPEECH ON THE CLERGY RESERVES, DELIVERED IN 1836.
BY CHARLES LINDSAY,
PRINTED AT THE
NORTH AMERICAN PRESS, YONGE STREET, TORONTO.
there would have existed no other means of sus
taining the Provincial Oligarchy than a constant A quarter of a century of patriotic effort to raze and hazardous exercise of the Imperial veto; a the foundations of a hierarchy of which the Cler- practice that would have induced a dangerous gy Reserves furnished the materials has failed of conflict between the Crown and the people. It full and complete success. The last decisive
was found more convenient to combat and thwart battle has yet to be fought. Before these lands the constitutional expressions of the popular will yielded a product available for the support of any through that branch of the Legislature of which religicus denomination, the voice of public opin- the fancied resemblance to the Imperial House of ion, expressed through its constitutional organ
the Lords invested it with a marked characteristic of representative branch of the Upper Canada Le- the British Constitution. The Legislative Coungislature, had already devoted them to secular ob
cil did not represent the Crown by whom its memjects of general utility. But the influence of the
bers' were nominally appointed; nor had it any
course of Legislative action on the Clergy Resentative branch of the Upper Canada Parliament serves, in accordance with the demands of the , frequently essayed to exercise; but its efforts were people, have ceased to exist. The Legislative rendered nugatory by the constant opposition of Council, whatever be its general merits, is now the nominees of the crown in the Legislative Coun- | required to harmonize in sentiment and action cil. The unfair construction of this branch of the with the elective Chamber, which possesses a Legislature, from which every popular element sovereign control over the actions and indeed the was rigidly excluded, was in some sort a necessity very existence of the Provincial Ministry. of the irresponsible system under which the affairs The last ten years' history of the question posof the Province were then administered; for it sesses a subordinate interest compared with that would never have been tolerated that the execu. of the twenty years preceeding. Not that the tive government should be in constant collision question itself has diminished in importance ; but with both houses of Parliament. In that case, of late years the action of the Provincial Parlia-