A Treatise on the Conduct of the Understanding ...
T.H. Carter, 1837 - 132 من الصفحات
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able accustomed allow appear apply arguments arts assent better bodies bring brought called carry cause clear common concerned conduct determined discourse distinct edge employ enlarge error especially evidence examine exercise eyes faculties false falsehood farther follow frequent give habit head helps hinder hold ideas improvement indifferency inquiry judge judgment keep knowl knowledge lead learned least light Locke look matters mean measure men's methods mind nature never notions objects observations once opinions ourselves pains particular perceive perfect perhaps practice prejudice principles probability proof question reading reason received religion rest rules sciences sense serve settled side sort standing strength supposed sure taken tenets things thoughts tion train true truth turn understanding variety visible whole writings
الصفحة 7 - ... 2. The second is of those who put passion in the place of reason, and, being resolved that shall govern their actions and arguments, neither use their own, nor hearken to other people's reason, any farther than it suits their...
الصفحة 8 - The third sort is of those who readily and sincerely follow reason, but for want of having that which one may call large, sound, roundabout sense, have not a full view of all that relates to the question, and may be of moment to decide it.
الصفحة 17 - ... to be raised to that pitch only by repeated actions. Some men are remarked for pleasantness in raillery ; others for apologues and apposite diverting stories. This is apt to be taken for the effect of pure nature, and that the rather, because it is not got by rules, and those who excel in either of them never purposely set themselves to the study of it, as an art to be learnt.
الصفحة 8 - We are all short-sighted, and very often see but one side of a matter ; our views are not extended to all that has a connexion with it. From this defect I think no man is free. We see but in part, and we know but in part, and therefore it is no wonder we conclude not right from our partial views.
الصفحة 56 - Those who have read of everything are thought to understand everything too ; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge ; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections ; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment.
الصفحة 17 - What incredible and astonishing actions do we find ropedancers and tumblers bring their bodies to; not but that sundry in almost all manual arts are as wonderful ; but I name those which the world takes notice of for such, because on that very account, they give money to see them. All these admired motions, beyond the reach and almost the conception of unpractised spectators...
الصفحة 26 - ... and following them in train. Nothing does this better than mathematics, which therefore I think should be taught all those who have the time and opportunity, not so much to make them mathematicians as to make them reasonable creatures; for though we all call ourselves so, because we are born to it if we please, yet we may truly say nature gives us but the seeds of it; we are born to be, if we please, rational creatures, but it is use and exercise only that makes us so, and we are indeed so no...
الصفحة 18 - And he will not have much better success who shall endeavor at that age to make a man reason well, or speak handsomely, who has never been used to it, though you should lay before him a collection of all the best precepts of logic or oratory. Nobody is made...
الصفحة 19 - Nobody is made any thing by hearing of rules, or laying them up in his memory ; practice must settle the habit of doing without reflecting on the rule : and you may as well hope to make a good painter or musician extempore by a lecture and instruction in the arts of music and painting, as a coherent thinker, or strict reasoner, by a set of rules, shewing him wherein right reasoning consists.
الصفحة 42 - To be indifferent which of two opinions is true is the right temper of the mind that preserves it from being imposed on and disposes it to examine with that indifferency till it has done its best to find the truth; and this is the only direct and safe way to it.