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"In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in cumibus Chavilas”
Sherwood & Co
N.. 20. Pater Noster Ron
ARUNDEL CASTLE, SUSSEX.
[The annexed plate is contributed to this work by His Grace the Duke of Norfolk; and exhibits a south-west view of the castle, as seen from the Brighton Road.]
THE honour and castle of Arundel, for its antiquity, extent, and dignity, is the most remarkable in England. The castle is situated on the west coast of Sussex, distant from Chichester eleven miles on the south east, and about three miles from the sea. In the year 1102, Henry I. settled it in dower upon Adelsia, or Alice of Loraine, his second wife. Her subsequent marriage with William de Albini, conveyed this honour to him, and his lineal descendants. Hugh de Albini, fifth earl of Arundel of that house, died in 1243, leaving four sisters, coheirs; in consequence of which, the honour was divided into four several parts. The castle and honour of Arundel were assigned to Fitz Alan, who had married Isabel, the second co-heir, and who assumed the earldom, by tenure only, and was the progenitor of seven earls of Arundel, in a right line of succession, to the death of Thomas Fitz Alan, in 1415, without issue.
Upon the death of Thomas, earl of Arundel, in 1415, a claim was made by John Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, son and heir of his sister Elizabeth; but in 1433, full possession was given to John Fitz Alan, baron Maltravers, nephew of the last mentioned earl. From that period it devolved in succession upon six earls, of the united families of Fitz Alan and Maltravers, till the death of the last earl Henry, in 1579, whose daughter had married Thomas Howard, duke of Norfolk. The only issue of that marriage was C. M. VOL. VIII. NO, 67.