To Live in the New World: A.J. Downing and American Landscape Gardening
MIT Press, 1997 - 242 من الصفحات
A. J. Downing (1815-1852) wrote the first American treatise on landscape gardening. As editor of the Horticulturist and the country's leading practitioner and author, he promoted a national style of landscape gardening that broke away from European precedents and standards. Like other writers and artists, Downing responded to the intensifying demand in the nineteenth century for a recognizably American cultural expression.
To Live in the New World examines in detail Downing's growing conviction that landscape gardening must be adapted to the American people and the nation's indigenous landscapes. Despite significant changes in its three editions, Downing's ATreatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening remained true to the original intent: to guide country gentlemen -- with enough money, time, and taste -- in the creation of ideal homes and pleasure grounds. While most historians and critics have focused on Downing's more formally written treatise, Judith Major gives equal emphasis to Downing's spirited monthly editorials in the Horticulturist. In the journal, Downing "spoke American" and encouraged his countrymen and women to practice economy, to use America's rich natural resources wisely yet artfully, to be content with a little cottage and a few fine native trees.
Although the book is not a biography, the people, events, and experiences that shaped Downing's thinking on landscape gardening are central to the story. Significantly, Downing spent his life in the spectacular natural setting of the Hudson River valley. Through his professional practice, travels, reading, and extensive correspondence, he gradually became aware of the individual and collective needs that he served. Landscape gardening, Downing came to feel, had to respect not only a client's desires and means, but also the nation's republican values of moderation, simplicity, and civic responsibility. Major takes a fresh look at the influence on Downing's theory and practice of British writers such as Archibald Alison, Uvedale Price, Humphry Repton, John Claudius Loudon, and John Ruskin, and analyzes for the first time his debt to the French academician A. C. Quatrem re de Quincy's Essay on Imitation.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
Aspirations and Audience
To Garden Finely
The Love of Home
Who Does Not Love the Country?
Country Gentlemen and Large Landed Estates
Amateurs and Professionals
A Studied and Polished Mode
The Graceful and the Picturesque
The 1849 Edition
American Rural Gems
The Beautiful and the Picturesque
The Finest Form of a Fine Type
LANDSCAPE GARDENING AS A HARMONY
Aspirations and Audience
The Moral Effects of the Fine Arts
The 1841 Edition
The More Exquisite Beauty of Natural Forms
Here Where Nature Has Done So Much
General Beauty and Picturesque Beauty
Imitation in the Fine Arts and the Beau Ideal
The Superior Beauty of Expresssion
The 1844 Edition
The Reading of the Past
Comparatively Little Having Yet Been Done