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My Lord of Worcester's Letter abe my Share in his Enginc. Dear friend,-1 knowe not with what face to desire a curtesie from you, since I have not yet payed you the five pownds, and the mayne businesse soe long protracted, whereby my reallity and kindnesse should with thankefullnesse appeare; for though the least I intende you is to make up the somme allready promised, to a thousand pownds yearly, or a share ammounting to farr more, (which to nominate before the perfection of the woorke were but an individuum vagum, and therefore I deferre it, and vpon noe other score,) yet, in this interim, my disapointments are soe great, as that I am forced to begge, if you could possible, eyther to helpe me with tenne pownds to this bearer, or to make vse of the coache, and to goe to Mr.Clerke, and if he could this day helpe me to fifty pownds, then to paye your selfe the five pownds I owe you out of them. Eyther of these will infinitely oblige me. The alderman has taken three day's time to consider of it. Pardon the great troubles I give you, which I doubt not but in time to deserve by really appearing 28th of March, 1656.
Your most thankfull friend,
These, ANNE CLIFFORD, COUNTESS OF DORSET, PEMBROKE, AND MONTGOMERY,
“ Lived (says Wood) like a prin- The letter, which she is said to cess, in Westmoreland, was a great have written to Sir Joseph Williamlover and encourager of learning and son, then secretary of state, who sent learned men, hospitable, charitable to nominate to her a member for the to the poor, and of a most generous borough of Appleby, was first printand public temper.' She had all ed in a paper written by Lord Orford the courage and liberality of the for The World, and again introduced other sex, united to all the devotion, by that noble writer, in his article order, and economy (perhaps not all relative to this high-spirited woman. the softness) of her own.
It is worthy of remark, that no authe oldest, but most independent, thority is given, in either place, for courtier in the kingdom : had known the authenticity of the document, and, and admired Queen Elizabeth ; had excellent and to the point as it is, refused what she deemed an iniquit- we cannot but suspect it to have ous award of King James; re-built been, at least, heightened by the her dismantled castles, in defiance poignant pen of the contributor. of Cromwell; and repelled, with dis- However this may be, it will well dain, the interposition of a profligate bear repetition. minister, under Charles the Second.
I have been bullied by an usurper; I have been neglected by a court; but I will not be dictated to by a subject ; your man sha'nt stand.
ANNE, DORSET, PEMBROKE, AND MONTGOMERY. We have given place to the above, when he entered on the office, either by way of 'introducing two other from a hope of enjoying his dignity letters not generally known, one by without the penalty, or from a sense a royal, the other from a noble, per- of shame at so palpable an injustice sonage. The first is from Queen towards the church, probably the ELIZABETH to Heton, Bishop of Ely, latter, because the letter is said to who, it seems, had promised to ex- be preserved in the Episcopal Regischange some part of the land belong- ter of Ely, as a sort of proof of the ing to his newly-acquired see, for a compulsion. pretended equivalent; but demurred
Proud Prelate, I understand you are backward in complying with your agreement: but I would have you know, that I who made you what you are, can unmake you; and if you do not forth with fulfil your engagement, by God! I will immediately unfrock you.
Your's, as you demean yourself, ELIZABETH.
* Whitaker's Deanery of Craven, p. 277.
The second is of a very different the worst consequences, and then as nature. It was written by John, suddenly left him. Lord BuckinghamSecond Earl OF BUCKINGHAM- shire, who had not once sent to enSHIRE, at that time Lord Lieutenant quire after his Grace, during his illof Ireland, to Dr. Craddock, the ness, wrote him the following very Archbishop of Dublin, who had been concise yet elegant note on the day suddenly seized with a putrid sore- of his recovery :throat, which for some days threatened
My LORD—The enquiries of a Lord Lieutenant after the health of an Archbishop, might be deemed equivocal—but his sincere congratulations, on the recovery of a respected friend, cannot be misinterpreted.
BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. We know not what punishment composition, that our readers shall will be inflicted on us for inserting, have it. The billet was found by the as a climax to these royal and noble Secretary at War on his table, after epistles, the letter of an unfortunate the loss of Minorca to the French, lieutenant of foot; but it seems to us and is perfect of its kind. so characteristic, and so spirited a
SIR-I was a Lieutenant with General Stanhope when he took Minorca, for which he was made a Lord. I was a Lieutenant with General Blackney when he lost Minorca, for which he was made a Lord. I am a Lieutenant still.
Sir, &c. &c.
Through Cannobie, through Cannobie,
And loud a lass did sing 0.
Like roses sweet, like roses sweet,
To fauld a maiden in O.
A bonnet blue, a bonnet blue,
A dimple in his chin 0.
Should he ne'er come again 0."
A SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF PATRICK HENRY,
THE ORATOR OF VIRGINIA.
“ Henry was the greatest orator that ever lived-he it was who gave
the first impulse to the ball of the Revolution.”—Jefferson. One of the most extraordinary her aristocracy, heading her bar, men, and perhaps one of the least spell-binding her senate, and irresistknown in Europe, who flourished in iþly hurrying her charmed hemiAmerica during her revolutionary sphere to a premature and unhopedstruggle, was the celebrated Patrick for emancipation ! such a man was Henry. A revolution is naturally the Patrick Henry: the growth of a cenparent of genius, confined, however, tury—a century, it may be, of revochiefly to the military profession. lutions. This is not surprising.
There are He was born in Hanover county, so many incitements, and so many op- in the colony of Virginia, on the 29th portunities, both for signalizing and of May, 1736, of poor but respectstrengthening the warrior's talent, able connexions. His father kept a that it is almost impossible its pos- sort of grammar school, where he sessor should either lie dormant or was taught the rudiments of Latin, undistinguished. Besides, in military which, with some slight smattering life the tedious preliminaries requi- of arithmetic, constituted the entire site in civil professions may be dis- stock of his information. In his pensed with, and genius and enter- youth, and indeed during every peprise can soon master the difficulties riod of his life, he was idleness perwhich mere form flings in the way. sonified. Restrained but little by his Hence it is, that in every great na- parents, he was almost continually tional contest we see the chiefs of the in the forests chasing the deer, or army almost invariably springing stretched along the banks of some from the very lowest to the highest mountain lake intently watching the stations, and taking by storm that cork of his fishing-line. A love of glory and renown to which, under solitude was his reigning passion, other circumstances, they would have and even in the society of his schoollooked only as a forlorn hope. Not fellows he participated but little in so, however, is it with the eminences the boisterous amusements of the vaof civil life. A long and often pain- cation hour. Always thoughtfulful probation is necessary to their at- always abstracted, he was still netainment. The offices of state are vertheless an attentive observer of to be acquired, and indeed sustain- the passing scene; and when the ed, only by ample preparation ; dis- crowd had separated of which he tinction in the senate is the result of seemed to have formed but a heedblended ability and acquirement; less member, there was scarcely an and musty records, and mountain observation worth recording which tomes, are the uninviting steps which he could not repeat, or a remarkable lead to the woolsack. To all these character which he could not acrules, however, Henry was an excep- curately delineate. Those personal tion. He was a phenomenon even in sketches formed, it is said, a pecua revolution. While Washington, liar characteristic of his boyhood through toil, privation, and defeat, they were the result of observation ; struggled into immortality; while and while they marked the sagacity Franklin, by persevering industry, of his mind, they were not inconschooled himself into the distinc- sistent with the indolence of his hations of philosophy and politics; Ame- bits. But to study of any kind he rica saw with wonder one of her un- had an invincible aversion; and when tutored children rushing from the he was not basking listlessly beneath woods, in the hunter's garb, and with the sunbeam, he was to be seen in the peasant's manners; a foundling the woods like one of their primeval of liberty ; a pupil of nature; with- inhabitants, as wild and as active as out friend, or patron, or almost ac- the animal he was chasing. Not one quaintance, guiding her sages, awing omen of his future greatness was dis,
coverable. His conversation was the embarrassments in which his dull, his dress slovenly, his manner unfortunate commercial speculation awkward, and his habits altogether had involved him, Henry married such as shut out hope, even from the Miss Shelton, the portionless ever open heart of parental partiality. daughter of a farmer in the neighWho could have imagined that be- bourhood. With the assistance of neath this rude, uncouth, and unpro- their parents, however, they obmising exterior, a treasure lay con- tained a small farm, purchased two cealed which was in after times to slaves, and assiduously applied themconstitute at once the wealth and the selves to pursuits which were necesornament of his country!
sary to their very subsistence. Upon His father had nine children; and this farm the future Cincinnatus of at the age of fifteen, Patrick was the senate was to be seen under a placed behind a counter in a coun- vertical sun, with his spade in his try village. At the end of a year, hand, digging a barren soil for scanty fancying himself an adept in his call- bread, embarrassed with debt, ening, he took a store, and in conjunc- cumbered with a family, unknown to tion with a brother quite as indolent the world, and little dreaming of the and as thriftless as himself, com- important part he was soon to act menced business as a merchant. It upon its theatre. How involved and seems scarcely necessary to add, that intricate are the mysteries of Proviin a few months the establishment dence! This humble peasant was, at was dissolved, and in as many years no very distant time, to guide the the debts in which it had involved distracted councils of his country, them were not entirely liquidated. awaken energies of which she was During the short period of his com- unconscious, and shake a mighty mercial life, he is said to have almost monarch on his throne by the power forgotten its duties in a singular, and of his eloquence ! as it then appeared, a profitless occu- The agricultural speculation turnpation,-that of minutely examining ed out even still more ruinous than the characters and dispositions of his the commercial one; and at the different customers. To such a trai end of two years it was relinof character we should scarcely con- quished altogether. In utter dessider ourselves justified in adverting pair, Henry turned to merchandize if it did not form a principal topic again, and again became a bankwith all his biographers. These in- rupt.' This happened before he was vestigations he conducted with an four-and-twenty. It is impossible, address infinitely above his years. perhaps, to imagine a situation much When he found his visitors inclined more deplorable than his was at that to talk before him unreservedly, he moment. With a wife and family, was all attention-not a remark es- borne down by debts, having excaped him-he listened to them in hausted the repeated contributions breathless silence. If, on the other of his friends, and without a single hand, they manifested any reserve, shilling in the world to avert the aphe called forth all his energies to ex- proach of famine! Such, without cite them; and by hypothetic cases any hyperbole, was his melancholy drawn from his fancy, or real inci- situation. Yet, amid all these caladents drawn from his reading, he de- mities, he never drooped; he seemed lighted to involve them in debate, as if sustained by some internal and thus discover how different men power, and “ neither, (says Mr. would act in any given situation. Jefferson who then became By these means, he studiously ini- quainted with him) in his conduct tiated himself in the knowledge of por in his countenance, was there to human nature, and gained that first be found any trace whatever of his practical perception of character misfortunes.". It is singular enough which afterwards enabled him to ex- that, up to this period, no one ever ercise an unrivalled mastery over the suspected him of the extraordinary hearts of mankind.
talent with which he was gifted; Misfortunes seldom teach the chil- adversity itself seemed incapable of dren of genius prudence. At the striking from him one spark of genius age of eighteen, notwithstanding-he was looked upon as even less
than an ordinary man-as one, in have remained in obscurity for three short, who had attempted many years. During this, his family sufferthings, and failed in all. In this dese ed the extreme of want. He was reperate emergency, “ the world was duced to live in the house of his faall before him, where to choose," and ther-in-law, who kept a small tavern he determined on an experiment, adjoining the County Court of Hanwhich, situated as he was, seemed to over; and occasionally, during the border upon madness. Incapable as a landlord's absence, Henry fulfilled his farmer, and incapable as a merchant, duties, attended to the guests, and he became a candidate for the bar! acted in the double capacity of host Forbidding in his appearance, un- and waiter. About this time it was, couth in his address, without one that a dispute of a singular nature particle of legal knowledge, and with arose, between the American clergy very little reading of any other kind, he and the parishioners, with respect to presented himself on six weeks' pre- the commodity in which the former paration before the three examiners, were to be paid their stipends. It is whose signatures are preliminary to a not necessary to enter into the micall in America. Two seem to have nutiæ of that dispute ; suffice it to signed for him out of pure good-na- say, that some law objections taken ture ; with the third, Mr. John Ran- by the clergy in its progress had been dolph, he found considerable difficul- so fully sustained, that the question ty. Mr. Randolph, in addition to resolved itself into a mere calculation profound legal knowledge, was a very of damages; and the advocate retainpolished gentleman, and afterwards ed for the parish, after various unsucbecame King's Attorney General for cessful struggles, retired, disheartenthe colony. He revolted at the very ed, from the contest. In this dilemma appearance of the candidate, and ab- Henry was applied to on the part of solutely refused even to examine him; the people, and, as it appears, rather this resolution, however, he aban- from necessity than choice. When doned on understanding that he had the momentous day of trial arrived, obtained the two previous signatures. the whole county of Hanover seemed In a very short time he discovered to have assembled; it was, in fact, the rasliness of his anticipations. a case in which every one was inteIgnorant of every principle of com- rested. The first person whom the mon or municipal law, Henry asto- young advocate encountered in the nished the examiner by the strength court yard was his own uncle, a clerof his mind, the subtlety of his argu- gyman of the established church, ment, and the splendour of his illus- who, as plaintiff in a similar cause, trations. “You defend your opinions was personally interested against the well, Sir," said Mr. Randolph ; “ but success of his nephew. When Henry now to the law and the testimony ;” saw him, he candidly expressed his hereupon, opening the authorities, he regret at the circumstance. “Why proceeded—“ Behold the force of na- so," said the uncle ? “ Because, Sir," tural reason; you have evidently answered Henry, "you know that I never seen these books nor this prin- have never yet spoken in public, and ciple of the law; yet you are right I fear that I shall be too much overand I am wrong; and from the lesson awed by your presence to be able to you have given me, you must excuse do justice to my clients; besides, Sir, me for saying it, I will never trust to I shall be obliged to say some hard appearances again. Mr. Henry, if things of the clergy, and I am very your industry be only half equal to unwilling to give pain to your feelyour genius, I augur that you will do ings.” To this the uncle good-huwell, and prove an ornament and an mouredly replied-“Why, Patrick, honour to your profession.” Such as to your saying hard things of the was his introduction to the bar of clergy, I advise you to let that alone; Virginia !
take my word for it, you will do yourIt is not to be wondered at, self more harm than you will them; that, profoundly ignorant as he was and as to my departure, I fear, my of even the elementary principles boy, that my presence could neither do of his profession, unacquainted with you good nor harm in such a cause; the commonest form, and unable to however, since you seem to think draw the tritest plea, he should otherwise, and to desire it so earnest