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OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,

FOR MARCH, 1822.

Naval Academy, Gosport.

GENERAL REPORT. The greatest part of this month was viving state of the earth from the almost distinguished by fine sunny weather be- daily additions of solar heat; and that its tween the mild rains, and an increase in loss of moisture this month by evaporation, the extraordinary high temperature for the is nearly half an inch more than it has rea beginning of spring. Although the baro- ceived by rain : indeed, so powerful was meter has fluctuated much, and undergone the evaporation during the last four days, 30 changes, the mean pressure, notwith- that it took up half an inch in depth of standing the prevalence of strong SW. and water from the evaporator. Having had W. winds, was high.

but a few days northerly and easterly winds There have been several hoar frosts be. throughout the autumn and winter, fears fore sunrise, but not one of them was in- will be entertained till the first or second jurious to the leafing and the early blos. week in May, of their return with sharp soms. The maximum temperature of the frosts, which would undoubtedly prove air on several days this month, was equal fatal to the young fruit. to that of some summer days. The mean The atmospheric and meteoric phenotemperature is upwards of 4° higher than mena that have come within our observain last March, and 5° higher than the tion this month, are 4 parhelia, 4 solar and mean of March for the last seven years, 6 lunar halos, 4 meteors, 3 perfect rainand about equal to the April months for bows, and 12 gales of wind, or days on that period. Spring water is 2° higher which they have prevailed, namely, 6 from than at this time last year; therefore, we SW.3 from W. 2 from N. and l from the need not be surprised at the forwardness of NE. spring, especially when we consider the re

DAILY REMARKS. March 1. Hoar frost and a fog carly, followed an overcast sky after sunset, and light rain. The by wirds from various points, and a sunny day, mean temperature of the last 24 hours was higher with Cumuli, &c.: a cloudless sky till midnight, than that of some summer days and nights. when a large lunar halo appeared.

20. AM. calm and overcast, and a thick haze 2. AM. calm and cloudy, and a Nimbus at mid. resting on the surrounding hills; sunshine in the day, which in its passage let fall a few drops of afternoon, foggy at intervals by night, and two rain : PM, fair, wtih two winds, the upper one small meteors. from SW.

21. AM, a thick fog : PM. fair with Cirri and 3. A Stratus carly, succeeded by a calm and Cirrostrati. cloudless morning : nascent Cumuli and Cirri in 22. AM. Cirri and a brisk wind : PM. a cloud. the afternoon, and two wiods: a clear sky, and less sky, and one small meteor. much dew by night.

23. I fair day, with Cirri interspersed about the 4. A fine sunny day, with descending Cirri, &c. sky, and a sinking barometer : attenuated Cirroand a parhelion on the south side of the sun at stratus by night. 4 PM.: a large lunar halo appeared towards mid- 24. AM. a solar halo, and showers of rain : PM. night, followed by rain.

fine, and a very dry NW. wind. The upillu5. The day as the preceding : a large solar halo minated part of the moon's disc beyond the small in the afternoon in a veil of Cirrostratus : a hard crescent (ber age being only 36 hours) reflected a gale from SW. and rain by night.

copper-colonr till she set, which had the appear6. A rainy day, and a continuation of the gale. ance of the full moon through a hazy atmosphere.

7. AM. sunshioe and clouds : PM. a gale from 20. Showery by day, and a strong gale from the west, with flying showers of rain at intervals, SW.: a clear sky by night. The dark part of the one rainbow

moon's disc was again remarkably bright, and ex8. An overcast sky, and a continuation of the hibited several luminous spots. gale, with showers at intervals in the day: cloudy 26. Overcast with undulated Cirrostratus and and fine by night.

Cumulostratus, and two winds crossing at right 9. After 2 hours sunshine, an overcast sky, and angles: a sunny afternoon, and overcast by night. a gale from the SW. by night.

27. AM. sunshine and clouds : PM. a cloudless 10. AM. overcast, and a continuation of the sky, and at half past o'clock a brilliant meteor gale: P.M. fine between the showers.

to the southward descended through a great space, 11. A sunny day : the clouds coloured at sun- apparently perpendicular. set, and a clear sky by night.

28. Frequent beds of Cirrocumulus and variable 12. Hoar frost early, and a cloudless morning: winds in the day: showery after sunset, and a PM. fine with Cumuli and Cirrus: the latter mo. faint lunar balo. dification passed to attenuated Cirrostratus in the 29. A fair day, with prevailing Cirri, which evening.

passed to Cirrostrutus, and produced a solar halo, 13. A parhelion to the north of the sun at half with two coloured parhelia just without its edge; past 8 AM.--a sunny day with Cirrus, and passing one ou each side of the sun; also a lunar halo tili beds of Cirrostratus: the night as the preceding. 9 PM1. when the sky became completely overcast,

14. AM overcast and calm : light rain and one followed by light rain, and a gale from $w. rainbow in the afternoon, and a fine night.

30. AM. rain and hail, and a continuation of the 15. A slight hoar-frost early, followed by a gale: PM. Nimbi, with heavy showers, and a gale cloudless day: overcast with Cirrostratus by night. froin the north, and one perfect rainbow.

16. Foggy early, an overcast sky, and a little 31. Fair, and a continuation of the gale in the rain.

morning : PM. a piercing galę from NE. which 17. AM. overcast and calm : PM. light rain. caused a very sensible change in the air, and les18. Alternately

cloudy and fine; and two winds sened the temperature of spring water,-a large in the evening, the upper one from NW.

lunar halo, and a meteor appeared in the evening. 19. A sunny day with prevailing Cirrocumulus:

Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport.
The units under a Clouds” represent the days on which each modification of cloud has appeared.

CLOUDS.
HYGROME-
BAROMETER. THERMO. TER.
METER.

WINDS.

Cirrocumulas,
Cirrostratus.
Cumulostratus.
Cumulus.
Cirrus.
Evaporation in

Inches, &c.
Stratus.
Nimbus.

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Phases of the Moon. 3892556520OVSLACH NO-Days of the Month

70 72 83 87 80 90 76 71 81 81 75 68 63 70 74 76 83 70

30 34/30 33/30 33) 501246
2 30:40 30 30 30 390 5814149-5
3 30:36 30:32 30-340 5340 46.5

30 18 30.06/30-120 | 58 46 52
3:12 30.01 30.065 53 48 50-3

271 29.70 29-705 54 43 185 0 29.71 29-60 29-655 | 54 39 46-5

29 77 29 57 29 670 | 53 45 49 29.87 29.76 29.815 5750 535 29-86 29.76 29.810 58 41 49-5

30-24 29.95 30-095 31 31 42-5

30-45 30-42 30.435 || 51 | 43 47 13 30-26 30.05 30.155 | 51 45 48 14 30-1730 00 30 085 | 6138 49-5 15 ( 30 30 30-2730-283 | 54 44 49 16 30 2030 22 30.235 59 50 545 17 30-36 30 25 30 305 59 41 51.5

30:47 30-31 30-3.90 59 4552 19 30:43 30-39 30-4101 64 51 57-5 20 30 41 30:37 30-39059 52

30-34 30-27 30•505 || 58 41 49-5
30-48 30:42 30 450 | 57 39 48
30-35 30-02 30185 55 46 50-3
29-31 20-09 29.765 5741 19
29.96 29.82 29-830 || 57 40 48.5
30.27 30.15 30-210 || 6250 56
30:28 30 16 30 220 | 6417 55-5

30.14 30-04) 30.090 | 61 43 51.5 D 30:50 30-45 30-175 | 60 46 53 30 29.95 29.60 29.775 || 56 36 46 31 30-51 30•37 39.440 | 483441

54 62 67 61 6) 86 62 72 76 70 47 58 57 61 49 65 80

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60
67
65
73
85
93
83
79

NE to SW
SE to SW
SE to S
S to SW
NW to SW
SW to W
SW to NW
SW to W
W to SW
SW to W
W to NW
NE to SE

SE
S to N
N to SW

SW
SW to W
NW to SW

W
SV to W
NW to W
W to NW
SW tos

NW
NW to SW

SW
S to SE
SW to W
NW to SW
SW to N
N 10 NE

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80:51 29:57 30.1-45 || 64134 49-79 1174.361.8 1770

125 15 27 2 14|12|16|| 2-602-155 The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AN.

RESULTS. BAROMETER ( Maximum...... 30-5) March 31st, Wind NE.

Minimum...... 29-57 Do. 8th, Do. W. Range of the Mercury

0.94 Mean barometrical pressure for the Month

30.145 for the lunar period, ending the 224 instant,

30-223 for 14 days, with the Moon in North declination

30.204 for 15 days, with the Moon in South declination

30.242 Spaces described by the oscillations of the Mercury

8.510 Greatest variation in 24 hours .....

0-300 Number of Changes, caused by the variations in the Weight of the Atmosphere.... .... 30 THERMOMETER I Maximum

64° March 19th & 27th, Wind W. and SE.

34 Ditto Ilth & 31st, Do. NE. Range

30 Mean temperature of the Air

49.79 for 3) days with the Sun in Pisces 48.14 Greatest variation in 24 hours.......

23:00 Mean temperature of spring water at 8 AM.... ...... 51.25

DE LUC's WHALEBONE HYGROMETER. Greatest humidity of the Air

940 in the evening of the 20th. Greatest dryness of Ditto

43 in the afternoon of the 24th. Range of the Index ·

51 Mean at 2 o'clock PM.

61:8 - at 8 Do, .. AM.

743 -- al 8 Do... PM.

77.0 of 3 observations each day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock ... 71.0 Evaporation for the month

2.600 inch. Rain for Ditto...

2.!53 ditto. Prevailing Winds. SW.

A SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER. clear sky, 4; fair, with various modifications of clouds, 13; an overcast sky, 7; foFKY, rain, 54.-Total, 31 days.

CLOUDS.
Cirrus, Cirrocumulues, Cirrostratus, Stratus, Cumulus, Cumulostratus, Nimbus.
25
15

27
2 14

12

16 A SCALE OF THE PREVAILING WINDS.

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NEW PATENTS.

T. Brunton, Commercial-road; for im- method of procuring mechanical power, provements upon the anchor. Feb. 12.

Mar. 2. E. Peck, Liverpool ; for machinery to be G. Stratton, Hampstead-road; for an worked by water, applicable to the moving improved process of consuming smoke, of mills, &c. or for forcing or pumping Mar. 2. water : communicated to him by R. Bulk- J. Gladstone, Liverpool ; for a chain of ley, a foreigner. Feb. 22.

a new and improved construction. Mar. 12.5 W. E. Cochrane, Esq. Somerset-street, R. B. Bate, Poultry ; for improvements Portman-square ; for improvements in the upon hydrometers and saccharometers. Mar. construction of lamps, whereby they are 21. rendered capable of burning concrete oils, W. E. E. Conwell, Ratcliff-highway ; animal fat, and other similar substances. for an improvement in the preparation of Feb. 23.

a purgative vegetable oil. Mar. 21. W. Prickle, Mark-lane ; for improve. S. Robinson, Leeds ; for improvements, ments in machinery for cutting out irregu- on a machine for shearing and cropping lar forms in wood, &c. Communicated to woollen cloth. Mar. 21. him by J. P. Boyd, of Boston in America. G. Stephenson, Long Beaton, Northum, Mar. 2.

berland; for improvements in steam enJ. Higgins, Esq. Fulham ; for improve- gines. Mar. 21. ments upon the construction of carriages. R. S. Harford, "Ebbro Vale Ironworks; Mar. 2.

for an improvement in the heating processes C. Yardley, Camberwell ; for manufac- in the manufacture of malleable iron, turing glue from bones, by means of steam. Mar. 21. Mar. 2.

W. Church, Nelson-square ; for an im. J. Thompson, Regent-street, Westmin. proved apparatus for printing. Mar. 21. ster : for an improvement in the method of A. Clarke, Esq. Dron, Louchars; for preparing steel for the manufacture of an improvement in the boilers and con, springs for carriages. Mar. 2.

densers of steam engines. Mar. 21. J. Ruthven, Edinburgh ; for a new

COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

London ... 25-10 365

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Paris. Hamburg. Amsterdam Vienna. Nuremberg Berlin. Naples. Leinsig. Bremen ON 19 April. 16 April. 18 April. 6 April. 11 April." 13 Apr. 13 April. 12 April. 15 April. 40.2 9:56 f. 10.4

579 6.178 610 Paris. ......

2635
574
119 fr. 1195

84 22.76 804 17 20 Hamburg • 1821

35 1441 1461 1533 41.80 1474 133, Amsterdam 58

1054

136 1384 144 | 47•15 1394 126 Vienna....) 251 1464

40 1052 57.60 100% Franckfort. 31 1483 353

992 | 1044

100%

1114 Augsburg . 250

147)
992 99

105} 57.40 Genoa...... 472

82%
904

18.90
Leipsig.
1474

994 1043 Leghorn

510
888 971

17.30
Lisbon.
556 373
413

49.15 Cadiz..... 15.60

1034 Naples. 433

824 Bilbao. 15.60 Madrid. 15.70 95

1034 Oporto. 556 381 415

36

931

102

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COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

Franck fort. Breslaw. Stockholm. Petersburg. Riga. Intwerp Madrid. Lisbon. ON 15 April. 10 April. April.

29 March 2 april. 15 April. 8 April. 25 Mar. London

152

7 11:20 98 91 39.6 373 514 Paris .... 80 22 99

16.4 548 Ilamburg.... 147 152

121

3?
341

381 Amsterdam. 1391

1444
1124
92 24

42) Genoa .......

2820 Vol. V.- Mon. Reg.

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COURSE OF EXCHANGE.

AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN From March 27 to April 33.

IN THE TWELVE MARITIME DISTRICTS. Amsterdam, C. É. 12-7 ..12-6 By the Quarter of 8 Winchester Bushels, Ditto at sight

..12-4 ..12-3 from the Returns in the Weeks ending Rotterdam, 2 U.

.12-8 ..12-7

Mar. | Mar. April. April. Antwerp ..12-2 ..12-3

23 30 6 13 Hamburgh, 2 U .37-0 ..37-3 Wheat 46 3 45 145 844 21 Altona, 2}U..

.37-1 ..37-4

Rye - 22 6 17 721 4 14 8 Paris, 3 days' sight.. .25-40..25-30 Barley 18 6 19 118 10 18 2 Ditto..2 U

.25-55.. 25-60

Oats 16 0 16 116 116 Bourdeaux

..25-70.. 25-60 Beans 21 7 21 321 620 11 Frankforton the Main

154

[22 4 23 022 2217 Ex. M... Petersburg, ruble, 3 Us.... 9

Corn and Pulse imported into the Port of Vienna, ef. flo. 2 M .10-10..10-11

London from March 28, to April 22 Trieste ditto ..

10-10..10-12

English Irish | Foreign Total

374..37 Madrid, effective ...

Wheat 26,425 1,520 2,397 30,342 Cadiz, effective......:

.374..363
Barley 37,019

2,250 39,269 Bilboa

Oats .361..364

70,094 1,465 1,626 73,185 Barcelona

36
Rye 359

359 Seville

.36%
Beans 11,6 55

11,655

Pease Gibraltar. .30 3,772

3,772

Malt Leghorn ..474

32,958 Qrs.; Flour 32,670 Sacks, Genoa ..44

barrels.

Foreign Flour Venice, Ital. Liv.. .27-60

Price of Hops per cwt. in the Borough, Malta

..45

Kent, New bags ...50s. to 84s. Naples

.40

Sussex, ditto .508. to 65s.
Palermo, per oz.

.118
Essex, ditto

Ds. to 08.
Lisbon...

.50$..504 Yearling Bags Os. to Os. Oporto

.50

Kent, Ney Pockets 54s. to 80s. Rio Janeiro

.46

Sussex, ditto ...... 508. to 70s,
Bahia

51
Essex, ditto.

08. to 0s, Dublin

.94

Farnham, ditto..... Os. to Os. Cork

.91

Yearling Pockets ... 0s. to 0s.

Average Price per Load of
PRICES OF BULLION,

Hay. Clover. Strato.

£. d. £. $. £. $. £. 3. £. . At per Ounce.

Smithfield. d. £. S. d. 3 10 to 4 4..4 0 to 4 10..1 6 to 1 14 Portugal gold, in coin 0 0 0 0 0 0

Whitechapel. Foreign gold, in bars 3 17 104..0 0 0 3 3 to 4 0..4 Oto 5 0..1 8 to 1 16 New doubloons ....3 14 6..3 15 0

St. Jarnes's. New dollars 0 4 10 ..0 0 0

3 3 to 4 4..3 10 to 4 8..1 8 to 1 16 Silver, in bars, stand. 0 4 114.00 0 The above Tables contain the highest Newgate. - Beef ....1s. 8d. to 28. 8d.

Meat by Carcase, per Stone of 8]. at and the lowest prices.

Mutton.,ls. 8d. to 2s. 8d.

Veal ....2s. 8d. to 4s. 8d. Average Price of Raw Sugar, exclusive

Pork....25. Ad. to 4s. 4d. of Duty, 34s. 3£d.

Lamb...28. 4d. to 58. Od. Bread.

Leadenhall..-Beef....s. 8d. to 2s. 10d,

Mutton..ls. 8d. to 2s. 6d. Highest price of the best wheaten bread

Veal....38. Od. to 58. 4d, in London 9td, the quartern loaf.

Pork .2s. 6d. to 4s. 4d.

Lamb...4s. Od. to 58. 8d, Potatoes per Ton in Spitalfields. Kidneys ....£4 0 0 to 0 0 0 Cattle sold at Smithfield from March 29, Champions ...2 2 0 to 4

£. s.

to April 22, both inclusive. Oxnobles .....1 10 0 to 2 0 0 Beasts. Calves. Sheep. Pigs. Apples .......0 0 0 to 0 0 0 14,114 1,780 135,810 1,650 HIGHEST AND LOWEST PRICES OF COALS (IN THE POOL),

In each Week, from April 1, to April 22.
April 1. April 8. April 15. April 22.
$. d. 8. d. s. d. $. d.

s. d. s. d. Newcastle. 31 6 to 41 0 31 0 to 41 3 30 6 to 41 0 0 0 to 0 0 Sunderland 30 0 to 41 31 29 0 to 42 0 31 6 to 0 0 0 0 to 0 9

· 3. d.

93

ACCOUNT OF CANALS, DOCKS, BRIDGES, WATER-WORKS, INSURANCE AND GAB-LIGH'N

COMPANIES, INSTITUTIONS, &c.
By Messrs. WOLFE and EDMONDS, No. 9, 'Change-Alley, Cornhill.

(April 22d, 1822.)

100

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1£. 8. £...
£.

£. $. £. s.

£ Canals.

Bridges
Andover....

5
350 1001|Southwark

7356 100 Ashby-de-la-Zouch

16
1482 100|| Do. new

55

17p.c. 1700 Ashton and Oldham

50 100 4 1760 Vauxhall

15

3000 Basingstoke..

6
1260 100||Do. Promissory Notes ....

100 Do. Bonds...

54,0001. 40 54,0001. Waterloo

5

5000 100 Birmingham (divided) ....1600 24 2000 251

Annuities of 8l. 80

5000 Bolton and Bury.

95 5
477 250
Annuities of 71, 25

5000 Brecknock & Abergavenny 80

40 958 1501

Bonds.

102 Chelmer and Blackwater. 93

60,0001. 400 100 Chesterfield 120 8 1500 1001

Roads. Coventry

1000

500
100Barking.

30

300 100 Croydon......

4546 100||Commercial

105

1000 100 Derby...

135 6
600 100

East-India
Dudley
3 20601 1001 Branch

100

5 Ellesmere and Chester ·

100 60 3 35757133 Great Dover Street. 40 Erewash

1 19 492 100
1000
58

231
100|| Highgate Archway.

4

2393 50 Forth and Clyde

470 20 1297 Gloucester and Berkeley,

100|Croydon Railway....

1000 Surrey Do....

1 old Share

1000

60 1960 100 Severn and Wye Do.

31 10 16 3762 Do. optional Loan.....

50 60 Grand Junction ... 240

9
11,815% | 100

Water Works.
Grand Surrey

53
1521 100 East London..

101

3900 100 Po. Loan

lol 101
60,0001.
Grand Junction .......

55 Grand Union

2 10 4500 50 21 28-193 | 100 Kent ....:

31 Do. Loan

1 101 2000 100 100 19,3271. London Bridge..

50 Grand Western,

1500

2 10
3

3096
100 South London ..

30 Grantham...

800

100 145 8

749 Huddersfield

150||West Middlesex ...

52 2 7540 13 10

6312 Kennet and Avon

100 York Buildings.

24

1360 100 18 101 16 25,328 100 Lancaster 27 1 11,699 100

Insurances. Leeds and Liverpool.. 360 12

2,8791 100 Albion ........

50 Leicester

2 101 2000 500 1290 14

345 Leicester & Northampton

Atlas ........

4 15 6 25,000

50 Union ....

1575 40
84
4
1895
100|| Birmingham

300 25

300 Loughborough..

1000 3-100 170

70
British

50 3 Melton Mowbray. •••:•:• 1221

250 10 250

40 Mersey and Irwell

4000 2 10

100 80 Monmouthshire

12 12 6

40,000 50 165 10 2409

20 Do. Debentures

50,000 20 100 5 43,5261.

100||Globe Montgomeryshire •p...

133 6

1,000,0002. 100
70
2 101

700
100||Guardian ..

10 Neath

400

2:47 North Wilts

Hope

45 61 40,000 50 1770 25 Imperial

93 Nottingham.............

2400 4 101

500 200 12

500 Oxford

150 London

27

3900 25 670 Peak Forest .........

1720
100 London Ship..

19 1 31,000 25 70 Portsinouth and Arundel

2400
100 Provident

17

18) 2500 100 40 2520

1 18 Regent's.....

2 100,000 20 80 Hochdale

12,294 Royal Exchange

254

10 1745,100L. 52 10 2 5631 100||Sun Fire....

8 10 Shrewsbury

170 9 10 500
125||Sun Life

23 10

10 4000 Shropshire

100 125

500
125 | Union..............

40 Soinerset Coal..

18 1500 200 107 10 Stafford. & Worcestershire.700

771 50

40 700 140 Stourbridge

Gas Lights 210

9 Stratford on Avon ........

300 145|Gas Light and Coke (Char

3647 Stroudwater ............

tered Company)

71

8000 50 495 22 Swansea

Do. New Shares

65 3 12

4000

50 180

533 Tavistock .........

100 City Gas Light Company 113

1000 100 350 Thames and Medway..

100|| Do. New

60

1000 100 21

2670 Trent & Mersey, or Grand

Bath Gas ..

17 16 2500 20 Trunk

Brighton Gas ........

20

1500 20 75 1300 200 | Bristol

26 101 1 14 2500 20 Warwick and Birmingham 220

1000 1001 Warwick and Napton

1000 50

Literary Institutions. ...: 210 Wilts and Berks...

980 100|London ......

27 Wisbeach

4 10
14,288 Russel

10 10
60
Worcester and Birmingham 25

126 105 Surrey.......

5
6000

Miscellaneous
Docks.

Auction Mart .....

22 151 1080 50 Bristol

British Copper Company

52 2 10 1397 100 14 2209 146|| Golden Lane Brewery 10

2293 Do. Notes

100
268,3241. 100 Do.......

6

3447 Commercial

60 80

3132 East-India

100 London Commercial Sale 8 450.0001. 100 Rooms

15

2000 E: st Country

150 31

1038 100|| Carnatic Stock, Ist Class .. 90 La don

4 106 4 3,114,0001. 100 DO...

2d Class .. 74 India

181 10

11,200,0001./ 100 | City Bonds

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100|County

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100 European

100

50||Rock

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