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Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport. The units under “Clouds” represent the days on which each modification of cloud has appeared.

CLOUDS.

BAROMETER.

HYGROME

TER,

THERMO-
METER.

WINDS.

OVOCIA EN-Days of the Month

Phases of the Moon.

Cirrocumulos.
Cirrostratus.
Cunnulostratus.
Cumulus.
Cirrus.

Inches, &c.
Evaporation in
: Rain in Inches, &c.
Stratus.
Nimbus.

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58
80)

35

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N
N to NE
NE to SW

NW
NW
NW
N
NE
NE
NE

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35 20.030 301 -280 -101.105

NE

30) 1430-40 30.420 534348
30-45 30-39/30-415 || 54 40 47
30. 46 30-40 | 30.430 | 61 381 49-5
30-34 30 26 30-300 | 55 45 50

30.20 30 1030.150 58 40 49 O 30:02 29.98 30.000 | 58 36 47

30-118 29-98 30.030 || 54 39 46.5
30.12/30-08 30.100 154 35 44.5
30.15 30.1230-135 | 52 36 44
30'11 30.04 30-075 | 51 | 37 44

30.0329-92 29-97552 41 46 5 12 29-8329-70 29-765 58 49 53-5 13 30:11 29.91 30-010 | 63 45 54 14 ( 30°11 30.07 30-090 || 64 50 | 57 15 30-0430-00 30 020 | 69 49 59 16 30.08 29.38 30-030 | 61 | 41 51

30:00 29-87 29.335 | 57 40 49.5
29.75 29.7529-750 || 58 3948
298229.80 29.810 || 6240 51
29.79 29.75 29.770 60 45 52-5
29.68 29.50 29-590 || 62 48 55
29:13 21:42 29.425 | 61 45 53
29.56 29:32 29.410 | 39 | 45 52
29.71 29.69 29.700 || 61 4754
29.80 29.63 29.715 || GO45 52-5
30.1529-97 30-060 | 61 48 54.5

30.18 30.06 30.120 | 6350 56.5
( 30-35 30-31 20-330 || 66 47 56-5

30:30 30.27 30.285 | 66 53 595 30 30-3230.29 30-305 | 74 48 60-5

58 52 55 65 65 74 57 63 66 60 86 90 78 74 74

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42 45 49 57 52 48 50 54 61 46 54 56 58 62 52 57 52 54 69 54 52 48

60
64
65
69
62

E to s
S to SW
E to NW

NE
NE to SE
SE to NW
N to NW
W to SW
W tos
SE to S
S to SW
SW tos
S to SE
SW to W
W to SW
S to SW

SE
E to SE
NE to SE

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59
67
60

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39:46 29.32 30-006 | 7335 51:41 | 646 50.1 68.5

122 16/23

24 24 15|| 3.85 2-570)

The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AM.

RESULTS. BAROMETER

( Maximum...... 30- 46 April, 3d, Wind NE.

Minimum...... 29-32 Do. 230, Do. SW. Range of the Mercury

1:14: Mean barometrical pressure for the Month

30-006 for the luvar period, ending the 21st instant....

30-062 for 16 days, with the Moon in North declination

30.120 for 14 days, with the Moon in South declination

30-004 Spaces described by the oscillations of the Mercury

4.410 Greatest variation in 24 hours ...

0.370 Number of Changes, caused by the variations in the Weight of the Atmosphere...

19 THERMOMETER Maximum

730 April 30th, Wind SE. Minimum

35 Ditto 8th, Do. NE. Range.....

38 Mean temperature of the Air

51:41 for 30 days with the Sun in Aries.... 49-65 Greatest variation in 24 hours....

25.00 Mean temperature of spring water at 8 AM........ 50-96

DE LUC'S WHALEBONE HYGROMETER. Greatest humidity of the Air

90° in the evening of the 16th. Greatest dryness of Ditto ....

38 in the afternoon of the 8th. Range of the Irdex

..... 52 Mean at 2 o'clock PM.

501 at 8 Do... AM.

646 -- ar 8 Do... PM. ..

68.5 -- of 3 observations cach day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock

61.2 Evaporation for the month ...

3.850 inch. Rain for Ditto with the gauge near the ground...

2:570 ditto. Ditto with ditto 23 feet high

2:270 ditto. Prevailing Winds, NE.

A SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER. A clear sky, 2); fine, with various modifications of clouds, 16; an overcast sky without rain, 63; rain, 5—Total, 30 days.

CLOUDS.
Cirrus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrostratus, Stratus, Cumulus, Cumulostratus, Nimbus.
12
16
23

24

24

15 A SCALE OF THE PREVAILING WINDS.

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OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,

FOR APRIL, 1822.

Naval Academy, Gosport.

GENERAL REPORT. The former and latter part of this month greater assemblage of millepedes, slugs, was fair, with easterly winds; and the in- snails, and worms, than now infest the termediate time alternately wet and dry ground (the caterpillars, too, are rapidly The quantity evaporated 'is equal to that increasing in number); and they have of some summer months ; yet, from the been very voracious and destructive of the prevailing NE. winds and slight frost, which young garden plants, where precaution was we 'anticipated in our last report, the mean not taken to get rid of thein. Their nu. temperature of the air was not progressive merous appearance was expected after the as through the winter season, but rather sun's rays had acquired power to warm the retarded: however, it is 14° above the mean ground, from there having been scarcely of April for many years past. As a na. any penetrating frost through the autumnal tural consequence of the NE. winds, the and winter months. Some blighty vapours mean temperature of spring water is a have visited this place, but the succeeding quarter of a degree below that of last month, rains have kept the profuse fruit blossoms which, as it respects the advance of the clean and healthy. spring, is retrograde. The swallows ar. The atmospheric and meteoric phænomena rived here on the 27th instant, twelve days that have come within our observation this later than their arrival last year. The month, are 2 anthelia, 3 parhelia, 5 solar, mean of the hygrometer, as well as the and 2 lunar halos, 3 meteors, 5 rainbows, great evaporation, shows that the air was hoar frost on eight different mornings, and very dry on fair days; and the mercury in 4 gales of wind, or days on which they the barometer was uniform and gentle in have prevailed, namely, 2 from NE., 1 its elevations and depressions. We do not from S., and 1 from SW. remember' seeing, for many years past, a

DAILY REMARKS.

April 1. A slight frost early, and fair, as the sun, upon a dense Cumulostratus 'with a brisk and very dry wind from the cloud. north.

10. A slight hoar frost early, followed 2. A fine day, with a brisk NE. wind: by a hard gale from the NE., with a sink. overcast by night.

ing barometer, and the day mostly overcast 3. AM. overcast, and nearly opposite with Cumulostratus: a shower of rain in winds: PM. fine, with plumose Cirri, the evening, and one trained meteor ; and which, after diverging to their greatest ex- a clear sky by night. tent, descended, and passed to Cirrostratus U. A continuation of the very dry NE. after sunset, when they had a very red gale (see evaporation column). AM. fair. tinge. A lunar halo appeared for several PM. a solar halo, followed by an overcast hours about 7° in diameter, composed of sky, and rain in the night. three rings of colours, viz. yellow immedi- 12. AM. overcast with Cumulostratus : ately round the moon, green and red. sunshine in the afternoon, and a rainbow,

4. Overcast with Cumulostratus, and a whose apex was only a few degrees above light breeze from NW.

the horizon : rain in the night. 5. Sunshine through the openings of 13. A fair day, with a strong breeze Cumulostratus clouds, which, in accumu- from SW.: overcast by night with attelating, let fall a few drops of rain at noon: nuated Cirrostratus, through which the a fine night.

stars were visible. 6. Fair, with a dry wind, and various 14. Calm with faint sunshine, then an modifications of clouds ; the passing Cirro, attenuated veil of Cirrostratus, in which a cumuli in close white flocks had a fine ap- solar halo appeared : cloudy and light rain pearance by moonlight.

at intervals by night. 7. A light hoar frost by sunrise, and a 15. AM. overcast and opposite winds, fair day: heavy Cumulostratus by night, the upper one from SW.: PM. steady and a NE. wind.

rain. 8. Fair, but a cold NE. wind, and a 16. AM. light rain and wind from NE.: few drops of rain from an inosculation of PM. fine, with one anthelion, calm, and the clouds at noon.

much dew. 9. A slight hoar frost early ; and the 17. Sunshine with Cirrocumulus, &c. day and night as the preceding. At 4 PM. and a variable wind, besides an upper cura faint but perfect anthelion appeared op- rent from the westward : the night as the posite to, and nearly of the same altitude preceding.

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18. Hoar frost early, and a fine morn- moon's disc was much brighter this even. ing, with linear and plumose Cirri, Cirro- ing than last. cumuli, and opposite winds, the upper one 25. AM. light rain and a gale from from sw.: PM. mostly overcast with $W. PM. fine. Cirrostratus.

26. A sunny day, with a solar halo in 19. Hoar frost early, and a fine day and the afternoon, and a lunar halo in the evennight, except a little light rain at noon. ing: overcast with attenuated Cirrostratus

20. Hoar frost early, and a fair day, by night, followed by rain. with various modifications of clouds : rain 27. AM. light rain and wind from the by night.

southward : gleams of sunshine in the 21. Two coloured parhelia with white afternoon, and overcast by night. Several trains at 8 AM. formed in very light cir- swallows appeared here in the afternoon rostrative haze, (not a perceptible cloud) from the southward for the first time this their respective altitudes being 24°, and spring, which is not so early as was extheir radii from the sun's centre 24o; near- pected from the mildness of the season, ly afterwards a solar halo: PM. steady being 12 days later than they first appeared rain, and a gale from the south in the last spring. night.

28. AM. overcast and misty: a sunny 22. A fine day, with a solar halo and a afternoon, and a shrouded sky after sunset, parhelion ; heavy showers of rain after followed by dew.

29. Fair, with distant Cirri, nascent Cu23. Two rainbows early, and light show- muli, and hot sunshine, till late in the afterers of rain, followed by a fair day and noon : a clear sky after sunset. night, and a freshening wind. The unil. 30. A cloudless day and night (except a luminated part of the moon's disc reflected few small Cumulus clouds at noon), and a a bright copper-colour this and the two fol. brisk gale from NE. The sunshine was lowing evenings, till ske set.

unusually hot to-day for the latter end of 24. AM. fine, but windy: PM. showery April, the therinometer in the sun's rays and two rainbows. The dark part of the having risen to 98o.

sunset.

COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT.

145

Paris. Hamburg. Amsterdam Vienna. Nuremberg Berlin. Naples. Leipsig. Bremen ON 17 May, 14 May. 14 May. 4 May. 9 May. 11May. 19 April. 3 May. 13 May. London 25.20

36.6
40-6 9-54 f. 10.1 6.23 584

6•164 | 613 Paris.. 264 58 1184 fr. 1192 834 22.95

174 182 Hamburg

35
146 153 42

147 134 Amsterdam 57% 1054

137]

1384 1447 47.50 1391 126) Vienna.... 251 1463 36

40 1045 58:10 1001 Franckfort. 37

354 994

100
1034

100 Augsburg . 250

36

991 1043 57.75 100% Genoa...... 473

824
613

19.5 Leipsig.

99

994 104 Leghorn

511 882 98 57
557
41

49 30 Cadiz....... 15.50

1024 Naples. 431

823 Bilbao. 15.50

102 Madrid. 15.60 944 1033 Oporto. 557

373

415

1475 1461

993

89%

Lisbon ....

374 93

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COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

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Breslaw. Stockholm. Petersburg. Riga. Antwerp Madrid. Lisbon. 8 May.

27 April. 3 May. 26 April. 26 April. 15 May.

11.32
6.224

9 91
39.11

514 223 1004

3

548 1515 1211 82 343

384 1444 115 933 9 12

2820

152

804 1471 1394

Paris ....
Hamburg....
Amsterdam.

3

42

Genoa.......

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OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,
FOR APRIL, 1822.

Naval Academy, Gosport. "GÉNERAL REPORT. The former and latter part of this month greater assemblage of millepedes, slugs, was fair, with easterly winds; and the in- snails, and worms, than now infest the termediate time alternately

, wet and dry. ground (the caterpillars, too, are rapidly The quantity evaporated is equal to that increasing in number); and they have bf some summer months ; yet, from the been very voracious and destructive of the prevailing NE. winds and slight frost, which young garden plants, where precaution was we anticipated in our last report, the mean not taken to get rid of them. Their nutemperature of the air was not progressive merous appearance was expected after the as through the winter season, but rather sun's rays had acquired power to warm the retarded: however, it is 18° above the mean ground, from there having been scarcely of April for many years past. As a na. any penetrating frost through the autumnal tural consequence of the NE. winds, the and winter months. Some blighty vapours mean temperature of spring water is a have visited this place, but the succeeding quarter of a degree below that of last month, rains have kept the profuse fruit blossoms which, as it respects the advance of the clean and healthy. spring, is retrograde. The swallows ar. The atmospheric and meteoric phænomena rived here on the 27th instant, twelve days that have come within our observation this later than their arrival last year. The month, are 2 anthelia, 3 parhelia, 5 solar, mean of the hygrometer, as well as the and 2 lunar halos, 3 meteors, 5 rainbows, great evaporation, shows that the air was hoar frost on eight different mornings, and very dry on fair days; and the mercury in 4 gales of wind, or days on which they the barometer was uniform and gentle in have prevailed, namely, 2 from NE., 1 its elevations and depressions. We do not from S., and 1 from SW. remember seeing, for many years past, a

DAILY REMARKS.

April 1. A slight frost early, and fair, as the sun, upon a dense Cumulostratus with a brisk and very dry wind from the cloud. north.

10. A slight hoar frost early, followed 2. A fine day, with a brisk NE. wind: by a hard gale from the NE., with a sink. overcast by night.

ing barometer, and the day mostly overcast 3. AM. overcast, and nearly opposite with Cumulostratus : a shower of rain in winds: PM. fine, with plumose Cirri, the evening, and one trained meteor; and which, after diverging to their greatest ex- a clear sky by night. tent, descended, and passed to Cirrostratus 1). A continuation of the very dry NE. after sunset, when they had a very red gale (see evaporation column). "AM. fair. tinge. A lunar halo appeared for several PM. a solar halo, followed by an overcast hours about 7° in diameter, composed of sky, and rain in the night. three rings of colours, viz. yellow immedi. 12. AM. overcast with Cumulostratus : ately round the moon, green and red. sunshine in the afternoon, and a rainbow,

4. Overcast with Cumulostratus, and a whose apex was only a few degrees above light breeze from NW.

the horizon : rain in the night. 5. Sunshine through the openings of 13. A fair day, with a strong breeze Cumulostratus clouds, which, in accumu- from SW.: overcast by night with attelating, let fall a few drops of rain at noon: nuated Cirrostratus, through which the a fine night.

stars were visible. 6. Fair, with a dry wind, and various 14. Calm with faint sunshine, then an modifications of clouds; the passing Cirro. attenuated veil of Cirrostratus, in which a cumuli in close white flocks had a fine ap- solar halo appeared : cloudy and light rain pearance by moonlight.

at intervals by night. 7. A light hoar frost by sunrise, and a 15. AM. overcast and opposite winds, fair day: heavy Cumulostratus by night, the upper one from SW.: PM. steady and a NE. wind.

rain. 8. Fair, but a cold NE. wind, and a 16. AM. light rain and wind from NE.: few drops of rain from an inosculation of PM. fine, with one anthelion, calm, and the clouds at noon."

much dew. 9. A slight hoar frost early ; and the 17. Sunshine with Cirrocumulus, &c. day and night as the preceding. At 4 PM. and a variable wind, besides an upper cura faint but perfect anthelion appeared op- rent from the westward : the night as the posite to, and nearly of the same altitude preceding.

18. Hoar frost early, and a fine morn- moon's disc was much brighter this even. ing, with linear and plumose Cirri, Cirro- ing than last. cumuli, and opposite winds, the upper one 25. AM. light rain and a gale from from SW.: PM. mostly overcast with SW. PM. fine. Cirrostratus.

26. A sunny day, with a solar halo in 19. Hoar frost early, and a fine day and the afternoon, and a lunar halo in the evennight, except a little light rain at noon. ing: overcast with attenuated Cirrostratus

20. Hoar frost early, and a fair day, by night, followed by rain. with various modifications of clouds : rain 27. AM. light rain and wind from the by night.

southward : gleams of sunshine in the 21. Two coloured parhelia with white afternoon, and overcast by night. Several trains at 8 AM. formed in very light cir- swallows appeared here in the afternoon rostrative haze, (not a perceptible cloud) from the southward' for the first time this their respective altitudes being 24°, and spring, which is not so early as was ex. their radii from the sun's centre 24o; near. pected from the mildness of the season, ly afterwards a solar halo : PM. steady being 12 days later than they first appeared rain, and a gale from the south in the last spring. night.

28. AM. overcast and misty: a sunny 22. A fine day, with a solar halo and a afternoon, and a shrouded sky after sunset, parhelion ; heavy showers of rain after followed by dew. unset.

29. Fair, with distant Cirri, nascent C223. Two rainbows early, and light show, muli, and hot sunshine, till late in the afterers of rain, followed by a fair day and noon : a clear sky after sunset. night, and a freshening wind. The unil. 30. A cloudless day and night (except a luminated part of the moon's disc reflected few small Cumulus clouds at noon), and a a bright copper-colour this and the two fol. brisk gale from NE. The sunshine was lowing evenings, till she set.

unusually hot to-day for the latter end of 24. AM. fine, but windy: PM. showery April, the thermometer in the sun's rays and two rainbows. The dark part of the having risen to 98o.

COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT.

Paris. ......

147

573

1475

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Paris. Hamburg. Amsterdam Vienna. Nuremberg Berlin. Naples. Leipsig. Bremen ON 17 May. 14 May.

14 May. 4 May. 9 May. "IIMay. 19 April. 3 May. 13 May. London 25-20 36.6 40-6 9.54 f. 10.1 6•23 584 6.163 | 613 26% 58 1182 fr. 1194 834 22.95

174 Hamburg. 182

35
145$
146 153 42

134 Amsterdam

1054

1373 1384 | 1444 | 47.50 1394 1264 Vienna. 251

1463
36

40 1044 58:10 1001
Franckfort. 3
354 99 100 1036

100 111 Augsburg . 250

1464

36 993 991 1043 57.75 100% Genoa...... 473 821

611

19.5 Leipsig.

99}

994 104 Leghorn... 511

881

98 Lisbon. 557 41

49 30 Cadiz....... 15.50 93 1024 Naples. 431

824 Bilbao. 15.50

102 Madrid. 15.60 945 1034 Oporto .... 557 371

89}

372

415

COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

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Breslaw. Stockholm. Petersburg. Riga. Antwerp Madrid. Lisbon. 8 May 3 May. 26 April. 26 April. 15 May. 27 April. 6.224 11.32 93

514 22; 1004

548 1515 1213

81 345

381 1444 115$ 925

42. 2820

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152

804 1474 1396

Hamburg....
Amsterdam.
Genoa.......

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