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Niebuhr's History of Rome. Vol. II. 1832. Even in this short extract the reader will | lator, which we do with equal sincerity and plea-
Taylor, London, Deighton, Cambridge; perceive the licence of which the writer

speaks. The volume abounds with passages When this work first appeared, France could Parker, Oxford.

of equal beauty and equal singularity. To boast with truth, that she alone in Europe exFrom the crowded state of our columns, we

examine how far the genius of the author hibited the example of a statesman combining can do little more than announce the appearvindicates such experiments, would require first-rate political knowledge with the highest

acquirements in abstract science; it is now the ance of this truly important work in our

more space than we can afford; and we must 'It throws even more light dismiss the poet with the hope, that when pride of England, that the first of her statesmen

yields not to Carnot in science, and far surpasses on the interesting struggle between aristocracy

next we meet him, the subject of his song him in that more valuable knowledge, which and democracy in the Roman republic than

will be of later date, and that it will be the teaches how to provide for the real happiness
its predecessor, and is, at least, equally as pleasure of his muse to avoid, unless her and true prosperity of a country.
creditable to the zeal and fidelity of the trans-

wings be grown stronger, any hazardous
lators. We hope hereafter to give a fuller flights in the harmony of numbers.
account of the work.

Tour in Germany, Holland, and England. By a

German Prince. Vols. III. & IV. London,

1832. E. Wilson.
Cl. Claudiani Opera; Corn. Nepotis Vite. Bi-
Caractacus ; a Metrical Sketch, in tuelve

pontine Edition. London, 1832. Treuttel, Our copious translations from the original
parts. London, 1832. Kidd.
Würtz & Co.

work, make it impossible for us to do more for

this clever translation, than announce the pub-
Our sympathy in English History can reach
The Bipontine editions of the Classics, are

no farther than the days of Alfred : nay, the honourably distinguished by superior purity of
reign of that monarch is to us the wall be-

text and simplicity of annotation. They extend
tween the Forth and Clyde, which extended

to seventy-seven volumes of Greek, and one Analysis of the Seven Parts of Speech. By the Rev. among

barbarians that the Romans hundred and fifteen of Latin authors, well C. J. Lyon, M.A. 1832. Edinburgh, Oliver retreated behind their second wall in a more printed, on good paper, and at a very moderate

& Boyd; London, Simpkin & Marshall. civilized district. In like manner, we have i price. The authors, of whose works the reprints long had thoughts of limiting our nationality are before us, furnish a curious example of the

We agree with Mr. Lyon, that the neglect of to the period of the Conquest, and of sternly instability of fame : in the days of Chaucer, Tooke's Diversions of Purley' is very discrerefusing to cast a moment's regard on any

Claudian was regarded as the rival of Virgil

, ditable to the taste of this perverse generation, and Nepos more highly honoured than Plutarch;

and that most of the works called ' English
characters, real or fictitious, whose date
reaches higher than the battle

of Hastings. unmerited as his ancient elevation was extra-
but now, the former is fallen into neglect, as

Grammars' are very wretched productions.

Though by no means satisfied with the cogency What, then, shall we say of Caractacus in vagant; and the latter is never seen, but by the

of all his arguments, or the truth of all his contwelve books !--it would be easy to write that

boys of the lowest form. Messrs. Treuttel & clusions, we can safely recommend his own book it is a work of a national kind-that it is di

Würtz deserve great praise for the care they to all who have a taste for grammatical disquivided regularly into twelve parts—that it has have taken in supporting the merited character sition. It exposes many popular errors, and its vicissitudes of peace and war, of sorrow of the Bipontine series, in the new editions of brings to light many new and interesting facts and love that the Britons, victorious one those works, of which the impression was ex- respecting the peculiar structure of the English day, are overcome by the Romans on the hausted : and alas! we must add, that we fear language. next that Druids worship and speculate their work will retain its pre-eminence, for the among their groves of oak, and that the verse English publishers are not likely ever to get up The Classical Scholar's Guide. By Richard Carr. is sometimes musical and sometimes rough,

a classical series, that will have the slightest Published for the Author by Foster, Kirkby abounding with passages of natural beauty, pretensions to compete with the Bipontine.

Lonsdale; and Richardson, London.
We almost hope that the attempt may never be
and with sonorous names of natives and

This is a very useful treatise on classical pro-
Romans, all of which run smooth on the made, for we have witnessed the lamentable
deficiency of judgment, and almost of common

nunciation, a subject that has been too much even road of blank verse.

sense, displayed in the only three great classical neglected by English scholars. But the author mode of criticism is neither according to our undertakings that we have witnessed in Eng- strangely overrates its interest and importance; own nature, nor would it be courteous land.

he favours us in his preface with a dissertation towards an author who has evidently studied We shall, perhaps, at some future time, take on criticism, particularly in its application to much to please the world and win a name in an opportunity of calling the attention of the his book, which would scarcely be justifiable song; we shall therefore allow the poet to public, to the gross absurdity of the entire

were he ushering into the world a new system speak for himself: and this is the more ne- system of classical education in this country,

of the universe; but which, prefixed to a comcessary, inasmuch as he says he has exceeded and more especially to the deficiencies in most, pilation from the writers on Latin Prosody, is even the ordinary licence of poetry in the if not all

, of the editions of classical authors, perfectly ridiculous. The book is disfigured by unequal length of his lines, and in occasionnow used in English schools.

some other marks of pedantry, but they are

over-balanced by the ability and meritorious inally burthening such words as various and

dustry displayed in systematizing the rules reevery with a treble accent. The character Passages from the Diary of a late Physician.

gulating pronunciation. The essay on the of Caractacus shall serve as an example :-

With Notes and Illustrations by the Editor. translation of Greek names into Latin is not Now the Silarian king, Caractacus,

2 vols. 1832. Edinburgh, Blackwood; likely to prove of much value, since the world The hope of Britain, and her tough right arm,

London, Cadell.

has at length become enlightened enough to
Swart as ber own brown oaks, scarred like the pine
Blasted by light-bolts, ranged the rude hills
The extensive circulation of Blackwood's Ma: is exquisitely absurd. Equally absurd is the

learn, that all translation from Greek into Latin
Of western Britain - Cambria's lesser Alps.
His voice, his look, his attitude, bis strong

gazine, made these papers known far and wide ; And hard-knit joints, broad breast, and sinewy limbs,

and to the general commendation with which system of writing in the barbarous jargon of Abashed the Roman that confronted him. they were received, we may attribute their being easily and more usefully in their own language.

scholastic Latin, what students could learn more
Oft when his bardy followers drooped and died,
Like lilies in the frost by winter slain;

thus collected. It therefore, only remains for us
Or like the ripe rose killed by summer suns,
to announce the republication in two very neat

Except for the purpose of obscuring knowledge,
Alone he braved the battle and the storm,

we can discover no reason for Mr. Carr giving The desperate fatigue, the scorching heats.

his treatise on grammatical figures, and his Rem to command, in manhood's early dawn He sought the field, renounced the downy bed

Carnot's Reflections on the Infinitesimal Analysis

. English. The book concludes with a new system

system of rhetoric, in bad Latin, rather than good For spow-built couches, and the canopy of state For the o'er-arching firmament of heaven

Translated by the Rev. W. R. Browell, M.A.

of Mnemonics, not one wbit better or worse than The star-gemmed, and the thunder-frowning sky!

Oxford, Parker; London, Whittaker & Co.;

the scores of similar inventions which have been No son of Sloth, or Luxury, or Ease ; Bat the wild child of Danger, and Adventure;

Cambridge, Deighton.

published since the Memoria Technica. To all The Briton's envy, and the Roman's dread ! Stern as a god ; implacable as hate;

A laborious dissertation on the metaphysical such we have a decided objection, the cultivation Dreadful as vengeance; haughty as the Greek;

principles of the calculus, would be sadly mis- of irrational memory is injurious to the mental But yet affectionate, and kind, and merciful; placed in any periodical not wholly devoted to

faculties: to make students learn what is either Anstere and saturnine, but not morose ; A true-born patriot, whose every thought

science ; and in the case of a work so extensively unintelligible or nonsensical, is to teach them to Was to preserve his country and her free dom.

known, and so deservedly celebrated as that of become contented with parrot-knowledge-to be There was a noble greatness on his brow,

Carnot, all criticism must be superfluous. It satisfied with the sound and regardless of the
His mien was graceful, godlike; and his eye

only remains to bear testimony the zeal, fide-
lity and judicious discrimination of the trans-


This summary

Sparkled intelligence!


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O, Italy! I've breathed thy skies,

And wandered by thy streams,
And dreamt-in boyhood's ecstasies-

Its foolish, fervid dreams.
How calmly on thy lost estate,
So ruined now, and desolate,

Thy sun of glory gleams !
The sun--the very sun-of old,
That flashed from Cæsar's roofs of gold.
Wrap thee in sackcloth, Italy!

Strew ashes on thy brow;
Thou hast but Roman memory,

And Roman bondmen now.
Oh, Land of Gods !-what! quailed and dumb
Before thy slave-thy Noricum-

Thou first of Nations !--Thou?
On Roman soil, 'mid Roman graves,
Can sons of Romans crawl as slaves ?
0! could thy Scipio see thee now,

Where'er his ashes rest,
The seal of bondage on thy brow,

Its badge upon thy breast !
His bride-his Italy—his own!
The leman of a despot's throne,

The slave of his behest.
By monarchs spoiled, by priests befooled,
The minion of the Goths she ruled.
Yet wonder not thy sky is dim,

Thou queen of sunny climes !
Thy hist’ry's iron leaves are grim

With thy recorded crimes;-
Aye, crimes !—for all the laud that fills
The pages of thy chronicles;

The eulogistic chimes
Of all that hymn thy Roman praise,
And call thy slaughters-victories.
O, thou hadst quaffed, to drunkenness,

Ambition's gory wine ;
And triumphed, till no lip could bless

The name of thee and thine;
And culled from every land a curse,
Throughout thy Roman universe,

From Egypt to the Rhine;
By every homestead of the free,
Were nourished hearts that hated thee.
What lessons-ruined Conqueror!-

From thee Ambition learns,
Where dimly in thy sepulchre

The lamp of Glory burns!
Just lighting up its gorgeous glooms,
To tell us nations have their tombs,

As heroes have their urns;
And mocking, with its mournful state,
That wicked folly—to be great.
The hero fool of Macedon

Might parallel with thee;
Ye both have left to worlds ye won,

A name, and homily.
O'er thee! the earth's resistless lord
Now wields the crosier and the sword,

Alternate tyranny.
And He! some unmemorial'd sod
Covers his dust--the demigod !
He! or of Ammon's godlike race,

Or Philip's haughty son,
Went forth from his paternal Thrace,

To die at Babylon.
The mighty madman! O how soon
O’ershadowed, at his highest noon,

Like an eclipsed sun.
He had ambition's utmost vow-
Grew great-and perished-so didst thou !
And yet, O, Italy! \mid all

The evil thou hast done,
Men wail and wonder at thy fall,

Thou mighty-ruined one!

They wonder, when the east and west

its root. When she had finished, she told Are thronging forth to freedom's feast,

me that, when she was dead, that tree would Her Jubilee begun,

always keep her in my mind ;-and so it Mingling their voices as they come,

has.' 'Twas the last piece of work she did, Immortal Helot! thou art dumb.

for the next day she sickened, and the next, 0, thou wilt come! In freedom's hall

--for I don't know how it is, but your poor Is still a place for thee ;

folks are never so long dying as your rich O, join, the nations on thee call,

ones,--she died. Well, the tree grew and Communion with the free.

grew; and it's a foolish thing to say, but
Up! tyrants are the glorious spoil ;-

there seemed to me a something of the old
Up! sweep the locusts from thy soil -
From Rhætia to the sea;-

woman in it. Even now, in the dusk some-
Up! share with us that gift divine,

times,—in a sort of day-dream, d'ye mind, Our fathers' sons have won from thine.

as I lean with my back against this hedge, --
J. K. B.

I see there a little child in petticoats holding

a twig, and an old dame shovelling up the
earth. But this, as I say, is in the evening,

when work 's done, and we think of a thou-
"A brave tree that, master! How much sand things we never heed at labour. I am
in the span, now ? Sound at the heart, no seventy-five, Sir; and though it is a good
doubt. Indeed—(and the speaker glanced age, I often wonder, when I look on that
at the tree from top to stem)--a pretty piece tree, how soon I have grown old.”
of timber!”

“I dare say,” replied the contractor, who,
The owner of the tree, an old, hale man, during the speech of the old man, had con-
was leaning over the quickset hedge that tinued to observe the tree with a smug, pro-
fenced his garden : his rugged, ruddy face fessional look, as though, in his day-book-
seemed kindling up in the sunset of a July and-ledger eye, he was parcelling out its
evening; and as he watched the declining beautiful trunk into lots ; “I dare say-all
light, burning through a row of distant elms, that is so like nature; but fifty guineas, you
there was a cheerful composure in his look see, are a good round sum ;-and then, you
-a thoughtfulness becoming the features of know, to serve your king, and to help to beat
a patriarch. He heard the speaker, and, those rascally French, who live upon live
with a slight movement of the head, acknow- | frogs, and wear lignum vitæ shoes ;-well,
ledged his praises of the walnut-tree, which shall I count out the money?" And the con-
grew at the side of a little white-walled cot- tractor drew from his huge coat pocket a
tage, and flung out its giant arms above the leathern bag, and, untying it, suffered some

of its glittering contents to meet the eye of
“Shocking times, these, my master,” ob- the old cottager.
served the stranger, at length making the “ But, as to serving the king, how can my
old man an attentive listener;—“bad times!" walnut-tree do good to his majesty?"
“ Yes, Sir. Wheat has gone up two “Don't I tell


army want stores."
shillings a quarter. Last harvest was the “Stores ?
worst within my memory; and my sickle has “Yes. I've contracted supply some
glittered amongst the corn for the last sixty I've already bought five hundred pieces of

live timber, and I want, among the rest, your
Aye, I believe the harvest wasn't so grandmother's walnut-tree, to cut for our
good—but I meant the war; though, to be brave troops into musket stocks.
sure, the last accounts were more favourable. The old man left the hedge, and closed the
Five thousand Frenchmen were killed by our wicket-gate. He did not answer a syllable ;
brave veterans !"

--but, had Demosthenes made an oration
“ Poor souls !–God help them! But on the old man's disgust, he could not have
what, Sir, is all this war about—what is it spoken with more significance, or with greater
for ?"

emphasis, than, struck by the fingers of the
“For! Why, for the king's honour and cottager, did the wooden latch. J.
glory, and--and all that! So it stands to
reason, that every loyal subject should assist
his king's gracious majesty. Now the army

want stores. You wouldn't like to sell that A word or two of Rome itself, and I have
tree, would you? If 'twere sound all the way done. Rome is the most imposing city I have
up, I don't know that, as an honest con- ever seen: how far feeling may influence
tractor, I might not offer fifty guineas." judgment I know not; but I intend to speak
“Fifty guineas!"

of it independent of association and its fame Aye, and, in my poor judgment, I think and history. I know no city that impresses they'd sound better to your ears clinking in you so strongly with a feeling of architecyour pockets, than do those boughs creaking tural magnificence as Rome, when you first in the wind. Come, is it a bargain ? But first enter at the Piazza del Popolo and drive tell me how old the tree is."

down the Corso. Notwithstanding its irre“Seventy years ago, next February, that gularity, and the paltry shops and stalls that tree--and he'd have long arms that could seemingly disfigure it, I think the Corso is clip it about--was no thicker than my little the finest street in Europe. It is narrow, but finger. I was just five years old when 'twas this gives height to the buildings; and there put into the ground.”

is not any street, I doubt if there be any city, “ That's some time back to remember."

that contains so many palaces of the same “Remember !—why, it's in my mind as nobleness, variety, grandeur, and architectural though it were but yesterday. My old grand- pomp; and the intermixture of churches

, mother-I see her now--turned up the palaces, shops, and stalls, take away all mould, just there, with the spade, and giving feeling of the court end of a city—of the one me the tree to steady straight; I held it in spot that is fine and showy. This strange the hole whilst she heaped the earth about association of magnificence and beggary is


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common in Rome, and, contrary to what of —, I was unfortunately too late to be

MUZIO CLEMENTI. I should have expected, it impresses you introduced to a woman who had not long bewith a notion of magnificence, and not of fore stabbed a man to death with the bodkin Muzio Clemente was certainly no ordinary beggary. Rome is studded with palaces; in which she wore in her hair. I have seen A brief memoir of him, for which we the most obscure, the most vile, the worst several portraits of her, and a fine head she shall be partly indebted to the Harmonicon, will situation, will be found sumptuous and noble has; but, under all its beauty, there is a de- not, therefore, be unacceptable to our readers. palaces, that are unequalled by the best in moniacal passion, that made me shudder. I He was a native of Rome, and successively, London—but indeed we have none in Lon- metjust such another—the same, for anything a pupil of Cordicelli, Santarelli

, and Carpini, don. If Rome can be said to have a court I know~in some obscure and remote paths in harmony, vocal composition, and counterend, it must be, I suppose, the Quirinal, where between the Villa Spada and S. Pietro in point. When only twelve years old, he the Pope actually resides : and certainly, Montorio. I was strolling about, when, composed a mass, which evinced great prowhen we stand on Monte Cavallo, with the whether I was intruding into some haunt, | mise of future eminence. About this time, the Palazzo Pontifico on one hand, the gar- and this creature was set to watch me, I late Mr. Beckford, then on his travels in Italy, dens of the Colonna on the other, the Ros- know not, but ten times at least did she induced the youthful genius to accompany pigliosi and the Consulta before you, and pass cross my path. At first, I made no other him to England, and to reside with him; from hence to the Quattro Fontane, and look observation than on the fearful expression of and, during such residence, Clementi acdown on S. Maria Maggiore, with palaces her face, but from the crossings and recross- | quired a general knowledge of literature and on both sides, there is no intrusion of “ baser ings, and meetings at every turning, I thought science, a considerable proficiency in both matter.” But the noblest palaces are not in it questionable if I were to return without the dead and living languages, and devoted this quarter: the Borghese, the Farnese, the being tickled under the ribs with this bodkin daily several hours to the study and pracSpada, and many others, are situated close -"a bare bodkin,” if you please to laugh, tice of music. At eighteen, he not only to the Tiber in some of the most obscure and but let me assure you, it is very like a dag- surpassed all his contemporary pianoforte dirty holes in Rome; the Corsini, the most ger;--and such was the terrible power of her players, in execution, taste, and expression, sumptuous of all, the Salviati

, and others, scowl, and the enervating consciousness of but had composed his celebrated Opera 2– are on the other side the Tiber, to say nothing her being a woman, that I thought at the a work, which by the consent of all musiof the Vatican itself.

moment, and think still, that if we were to cians, may be considered as the basis, on
The Piazzas are numerous, but not large; have had a brawl, I would willingly have which the whole fabric of modern piano-
the Piazza Navona is the best. The Foun-exchanged her for any two men in Rome. forte sonatas has been founded.
tains have a very delightful effect; the supply I have heard of a Spanish proverb, but I quitted the roof of his English patron, and
of water is really grand; that at the Fontana think it must be Roman, “never do to-day was engaged to preside at the piano, at the
Paola is situated so high, and runs in such what you can do to-morrow:” I confess, the King's Theatre. In 1780, he made a tour
quantities as to turn several mills, after leav- quiet, deliberate indifference of the people on the Continent, and was received every-
ing the bason of the fountain: but those in at Rome, is a little vexatious to a hasty tra- where, with the patronage of sovereigns, the
front of St. Peter's are the only ones in Rome veller. I tried half-a-dozen times to get admiration of his brother musicians, and the
that are beautiful. These are so simple and admission into S. Stefano Rotunda, before enthusiastic applauses of the public. Ac-
elegant, that you know them from drawings I succeeded : I asked several persons each customed to the measured, and somewhat
as well as if you had seen them; but you can time where to apply, or when to come, and cold plaudits of an English audience, the
never feel their beauty till you have stood in not one could inform me. S. Maria Navi- first hurst of Parisian enthusiasın so asto-
that noble court, surrounded by those mag- cella opposite, I have not seen, nor the tomb nished him, that he frequently afterwards
nificent corridors, in front of that grand of the Scipios, nor twenty other places that jocosely remarked, he could hardly believe
temple, and seen their falling waters silvered are not worth twenty several applications. himself the same Clementi in Paris, as in
by a Roman moon. All the rest, including At S. Maria della Pace, we succeeded, after London. In Vienna, he became acquainted
the hieroglyphic in the Piazza Navona, and some clifficulty, in finding out the residence with Haydn, Mozart, Salieri, and many
the huge absurdity at the Fountain Trevi, are of the Sacristan. He was taking his siesta, other celebrated musicians, then resident in
bad, and bad in proportion to their cost, their and on no consideration, neither for love, that city. He returned to London in 1784,
labour, their pretensions, and their fame. Inor money, nor ill-humour, would the servant and pursued his professional career with in-
would willingly have thought otherwise of consent to disturb him. We must come creasing reputation, as a teacher, composer,
the latter, for the sake of Corinna, of its noble again. But why are people to be annoyed and performer. He, subsequently, however,
rock work, and its fine stream of water. and inconvenienced, because you are in a and more than once, visited the Continent; and

Rome has the character of being a very | hurry? Very true, but if these people did on the last occasion, when called to Rome
dirty city, and it deserves it. I have been not rouse your spleen, you are more of a by the death of a brother, so completely had
here in fine weather, but the filth accumu- philosopher than I take you for. By some the war interrupted all communication, that,
lated in the most public places (the noble strange perversity, you are never right in being disappointed of remittances from Lon-
flight of steps leading to the Trinita de Monti, your applications--an hour too soon, or an don, le pledged his snuff-boxes and rings,
in proof), and the scandalous abuse of the hour too late it is a holiday—or the custode presented to him in his tour; and it was
door-ways, which are all open, would have is gone out. If it be not open to-day, you only after many hazardous attempts, that he
satisfied me it must be so, if rain had not had better come to-morrow. Will it be open reached his adopted country, in the year
fallen in time to convince me of it. In fact, to-morrow? That never struck them—they 1810.
Rome has all the dirt, but none of the busy don't know. No one at Rome is acquainted His return was hailed with delight, by the
stir of a trading city—all the external pomp with the forms and regulations of how to profession, and the musical public, in the
of palaces, without the brilliant gaiety of a gain admission anywhere. The people are hope of enjoying his performance, and bene-
court. It must be a dull city to all whose civil and obliging, but never stir a foot to fiting by his instruction : all, however, were
happiness is in society: but students, artists, direct you. It is of no consequence to them, alike doomed to disappointment, for he had
and retired men, never can be dull here. nor, in their opinion, to you, whether you find determined, neither to take pupils, nor to

Of the people I know nothing. There what you seek or not. I think there can be play in public.
seems to me a more uniform expression in very little scandal at Rome, for no one seems Clementi was one of the founders of the
the faces of the women, more of family like- to interest themselves about you. At our Philharmonic Society, and he generally con-
ness, than I should have expected in so large hotel we pass in and out without a question. ducted a concert each season. To this Society
a city, subject to such changes as Rome has I have never yet seen either the master or he presented two of his MS. symphonies, the
been. But Roman beauty is not of the mistress.

first of which was performed in 1819, and highest order. You meet not unfrequently But I have done. If I have not conveyed a grand overture, in 1824. In the same with fine expressive heads, like Pasta's; but what my feelings have been on visit- year, he conducted also the performance of the expression is not pleasant; and their ing this memorable city-this glory of ages one of his symphonies, at the Concert Spirifigures are broad and square,

The finest --if I have not given you a good general tuel, and on the 17th of December, the élite women are dignified and stately, with some- idea of what you would feel on visiting Rome, of the professors in the metropolis gave thing of the voluptuous, nothing of the plea- I have failed from no neglect. These letters him an entertainment at the Albion Tavern. surable, in the face; a great deal of passion, have cost me many weary hours.

On this occasion, he indulged his assembled but nothing of playfulness. At the studio

friends with a last proof that his fancy was

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unfettered by age, and his finger unpalsied | centenary of the birth of Haydn on Satur- , it into two equal parts, each giving the same by years.

He extemporized on a subject day, the 31st instant, at the Albion Tavern. sound as the entire tube when the partition from Handel's first Organ Concerto, in a style, Messrs. J. Cramer and Moscheles have issued was removed : and that, consequently, a tube in which those who had been his contem- circulars to the leading men in the pro- stopped at one end gives a series of sounds poraries or pupils, immediately recognized fession, but Saturday is a day when many corresponding to the progression 1, 3, 5, 7, &c. the undiminished powers of their old friend are necessarily engaged at the Opera ; be of a pipe double its length and open at both ends, or instructor; and at which those, who for sides which, it is thought that a more credit

After verifying these established results, the the first time heard the more than septua- able celebration would be a musical per

lecturer proceeded to show the erroneousness of

the prevailing opinion, stated by Chladni and genarian artist, could scarcely find terms to formance, consisting entirely of a selection

others, “that the end at which a tube is excited express their delight and surprise. It was, from Haydu's works--the proceeds of which

into vibration, must always be considered as an he declared, 'the proudest day of his life ;' might go towards soine musical society for

open end, even if it be placed immediately to the and it was a proof of the respect and reward, charitable purposes.

mouth, as in the horn and trumpet." He showed which, to the last moment of protracted life,

that a cylindrical tube gave the same fundamental attend upon a youth spent in temperance SCIENTIFIC AND LITERARY

sound and the same series of harmonics, when and virtuous industry, and a manhood

it was excited as a horn, or with a reed, at one guided by honour.

end, the other end being open, as when it was March 22.-The Rev. Dr. Buckland, Vice excited like a flute or flageolet, at one end, the

President, in the chair.-The reading of a paper, other end being shut. In.proof of this, he adTHE LATE CAPTAIN ABERCROMB TRANT.

entitled "An Account of Observations and Ex- duced the cremona pipe of the organ, which is As merit is peculiar to no age or station, so periments on the Torpedo,' by John Davy, a cylindrical tube, one-half the length of the may it be displayed in all situations; and, M.D., F.R.S., was commenced.--The following open diapason pipe, which gives the same note; however interest or policy may influence the gentlemen were proposed Fellows--viz. Charles and the clarionet, which is also a cylindrical elevation of persons of rank who are not distin- Purton Cooper, Edward Ayshford Sanford, anu tube, (the conical bell which terminates it, being guished, or of hoary heads who are not veterans, Decimus Burton, Esqs.

merely an useless appendage,) giving a fundafinal justice is the reward of merit.

{The paper read at the meeting on the 15th, on A mental sound, and an octave below that of a Captain Trant, the only son of Major-Gene- Method of deducing the Longitude from the Moon's

flute of equal length, and the series of harral Sir Nicholas Trant, although only in his 28th right ascension,' was by Thomas Kerigan, Esq., and not

monics of a tube closed at one end. He then Rerigan, as stated in our former report.] year, and having entered His Majesty's army

adverted to the circumstance, that, in all cases of since the termination of the last general Euro

the production of sound at the closed end of pean War, had seen service in India, and was

March 15.—Mr. C. Wheatstone gave a lec

the tube, the tone is invariably more powerful, subsequently employed in the lonian islands ; ture. On the Vibrations of Columns of Air in

than when the sound is produced at the open his gallantry and exertions more than once cylindrical and conical Tubes. After enumerat.

end of the same tube; and explained, that in brought him into notice. But it is as the author

ing the various modes by which columns of air the one case, the impulses are made at that of two works, •Two Years in Aya,' and 'A

may be put into sonorous vibration, and which part of the air where the condensations and Journey through Greece,' that he is entitled to

constitute so many classes of wind ins!ruments dilatations are greatest, and in the other case, this notice. of music, the lecturer proceeded to detail the

where these variations of density are least. He died on the 13th inst., we believe from the effects of service, at the house of his only vestigations. When a column of air in a cylin

This point was illustrated by some experiments principal results of Bernouilli's Theoretical In

with the flame of hydrogen gas, by which means sister, the vicarage of Great Baddow. drical tube, open at both its ends, produces the

a column of air can be excited into vibration Brave, talented, honourable, his family have

lowest sound it is capable of rendering, accord- at any point, between the open end and the to regret a relative, whose qualities endeared, ing to this theory, the motions of the particles of node, with a corresponding alteration of intenand whose ability was valuable; wliilst his com

air are made in opposite directions, alternately sity... At the orifice of the tube, the smallest panions have lost a friend, and the service an

to and from the central point or node, where possible fame is sufficient to excite the sound, officer, who cannot easily be replaced.

the variations of density are greatest. Mr. which, however, ceases, if the fame be made to
Wheatstone gave the following new and decisive move towards the node (i. e. the centre of a
experimental proof of this theoretical deduction. tube open at both ends, or the closed end of a
He took a tube bent nearly to a circle so that tube stopped at one end); but if, at the same

time that the flame is advanced in the tube, it Poetry seems to be taking something of a

its ends were opposite to each other, with a devout turn: Mr. Robert Montgomery has small space between them; he then took a glass be also enlarged in volume, the sound continues

, advertised a poem, to be called the Mes plate, capable of making the same number of and with increased intensity; by continuing

vibrations as the air contained within the tube, to move the flame towards the node, and at the siah,' in six books, dedicated to the Queen;

same time, to proportionally enlarge the volume, and we have this moment received an illus- and causing it to sound by drawing a violin bow

across it, placed it at equal distances between the sound progressively increases in loudness, trated volume of devotional verses, by Miss

the two orifices, so that the impulses of the until it attains its maximum at the node. Landon. Mr. Rogers, we hear, has made vibrating surface were made, at the same instant By analogous experiments on the sounds proconsiderable progress in the embellishments of time, towards one, and from the other end of duced by the flame of hydrogen gas, in tubes of of a second volume of his poems, to be a the tube; as might be expected fro the theory, different diameters, Mr. W. showed, that the companion to his splendid poem of Italy'; these effects neutralizing each other, no reson- loudest tone is produced in tubes of the smaland one in whose taste we have full confidence, ance took place, and the air in the tube remained lest diameter, (when a certain limit is not ex assures us, that the landscapes, by Turner,

But when the two halves of the tube ceeded), which is exactly the reverse of the are the very finest things of the kind pro- moving round each other by means of a joint,) generally-adopted opinion; and he stated the duced by that eminent artist. A poem, in the orifices were brought opposite to different following, to be the general results of numetwelve parts , called “The Maid of Elvar,' vibrating parts of the plate, so that the impulses rous experiments : that the flame is required to

were made at the same instant towards or from from the hand of Allan Cunningham, is in

be larger, as the length of the tube is greater, both the orifices, the column of air powerfully as its diameter is less, and as the point of exci• the press; the scene is on the border, the resounded.

tation is nearer the node. time is the early part of the reign of Queen

He then proceeded to show, that, when a The lecturer went on to give an exposition Mary—it is of the narrative kind, and gives column of air sounded any other than its fun- of the laws of the vibrations of the air, in conia national and domestic picture of the people | damental note, it did so in consequence of a cal tubes, and explained, that the air in a tube in the days when reform in religion, and division of the column into parts of equal length of this form, excited into vibration, at its closed hostilities with England, rendered Scotland separately vibrating, in the same manner as end, or the summit of the cone, gave the same the scene of many a romantic exploit. the harmonic sounds of a string have been fundamental sound, and the same series of The Annuals, it appears, have not been explained : that the air may vibrate when di- harmonics, as a cylindrical tube open at both so, productive as formerly, and it is said, vided into any number of aliquot parts, and the

ends. To this similarity of effect, he ascribed some of them will be relinquished. The corresponding sounds are as the series of natural

the general error, of considering all wind inJuveniles of Westley and Ackermann are to

numbers, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, &c.: that, at the limits struments as tubes open at both ends. To be united, under the superintendence of Mrs.

of each vibrating part, a communication may be illustrate this subject, he showed that the

made with the atmosphere, by an aperture, or Hall. We hear that no less than seven

trumpet, French-horn, and hautbois pipes of Lords have had works accepted or bespoke any injury to the sound : that, in each mode of

even by entirely separating the tube, without the organ, all being conical tubes, gave the by one bookseller. We anticipate some sport division in which there is a node in the centre,

same sound as the cremona pipe (a cylindrical

tube, excited precisely in the same way), which with these star and garter authors.

(i. e. in each alternate mode,) a solid partition is only one-half their length. He compared, It is in contemplation to celebrate the may be placed at the centre of the tube, dividing also, the hautbois, which is a conical tube, with



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a clarionet, which is a cylindrical tube of the Society: and the interest of the scene is not a

A very pretty picture of a scene which dwells same length, and proved that, in the former, little heightened by the absence of all works of on the memory of every visitor. It is seldom the fundamental sounds were the same, abso- overwhelming dimensions, and by an agreeable that a true copy of a landscape makes a graceful lutely and relatively, as in the flute (a tube intermixture of portrait and landscape-scenes composition. open at both ends, of the same length); and from fancy and from nature. There is, indeed, an 52. ' The Town of Menagio, on the Lake of that, in the latter, they were the same with

uncommon variety of subjects; there is little of Como;' HOFLAND.- In this picture the sky is those of a stopped pipe of the same length. what is commonly called the historical, and, serene, the air soft and balmy, the verdure

The lecture concluded with a variety of ex- what we wondered at, less portraiture than tender and naturally green, and the lake itself
periments on the sounds of isolated portions of usual ; fewer windmills after life, or cow-houses lies unruffled as a mirror, showing the hills and
conical tubes, the situations of their nodes, &c., after nature-an abatement in the amount of sky: like many of the scenes from those sunny
with reference to their practical applications; stall-fed oxen, and a falling off in the staple climes, it is more soft than we could wish-we
which we cannot spare space to detail.

commodity of three-acre parks, painted and like the grand and the severe.
framed, and called landscapes. But there is an 61. View on the Serchio, near the Baths of

increase in works of fancy and feeling: domestic | Lucca;' P. NASmyth. This Italian scene
March 20.-A. B. Lambert, Esq., in the history and social songs furnish more topics seems to have borrowed something of sterile
chair.-William Bentley, John Downes, T. E. than usual for the pencil; poetic landscape has grandeur from the native mountains of Peter
Smith, Esqs., and Lieut.-Col. Sykes, were elected risen two or three degrees in the scale of ex- Nasmyth, who painted it; it is coarse and vi-
Fellows of the Society. -A paper by Mr. Wil- cellence-studies from nature, of the heads of gorous, and perhaps not less Italian because
liam Yarrell, “On the Organ of Voice in a new children, and groups of rustics abound, while it wears a rougher exterior than what we are
species of wild swan, the Cygnus Buccinator of over some of our baronial or ecclesiastical ruins accustomed to see in the landscapes of that
Dr. Richardson's Fauna Boreali-Americana,' the charm of colour and exquisite drawing is country.
was read by the Secretary. A new species of thrown :-on the whole, in purity of conception, 66. Study from Nature ;' INSKIPP.-All the
Parrakeet, from New Holland, was also exhibited and elegance of handling, we think the Society works of this artist are distinguished by an air
and described ; and Mr. D.Don's paper, descrip- is gradually rising. It would be doing great of originality, both in conception and colour.
tive of several new species of compositæ, was injustice if we imputed this ascent entirely to He deals, too, with the most simple subjects,
concluded. A small species of reptile from the male members of the Society; no one can rarely giving us more than one small figure at a
South America, was exhibited, in its form sup look along the walls of the galleries without time, and never laying the burthen upon them
plying a link between Lizards and Snakes; and perceiving that to female hands they owe much of labours difficult to perform, or of sentiments
the owner very handsomely offered the use of that is natural in colour, and beautiful in con- too complicated to express. He seems also to
this interesting specimen to Mr. Thomas Bell, ception-nor do we think that we go too far have dipped his brush in the self-same colour
by whom it will be described and figured. A when we say that some of the fairest works in with which nature has bepainted her eastern
collection of dried plants presented by the Hon. the exhibition are from the easels of ladies. We brood, called gipsies; and, moreover, he is far
East India Company, and various other dona- shall now proceed, and point out a few of those from fastidious in the matter of elegant outline,
tions, were on the table.

which we have marked for approbation : and or the grace of just proportion. The vigorouswe shall name them according to their numbers, the wild originality of the man, is a threefold

reserving for next week such as we cannot now recompense for all this, and, were we called March 20th.--A paper, by the Rev. L. Ver- make room for.

upon to name the artist most to our liking, in non Harcourt, was read, entitled, “Consider- 8. 'A Cameronian Sunday Evening ;' CHARLES his line, we would name Inskipp. ations upon some of the more important vital Lees.-- This is a natural scene-an old grey- 75. 'The Lady Chapel, Church of St. Pierre, at functions of Plants.” It appears that the view headed man is reading his Bible in the open Caen ;' ROBERTS.-- This is another of those the author has taken of these matters "leads air, his wife is listening demurely to the wokd, picturesque things which show how strong the him to dissent in some measure from the opi- and his daughter's eyes are turned aside, per- artist is in all that belongs to architecture. nions expressed by Mr. Lindley,” in his "ac-haps to watch the coming of a lover, or from the 80. Portraits of Lord Trentham and Lady count of a remarkable instance of anomalous vagrant inattention of the young to matters of

Caroline Gower, Children of the Earl and Countess structure, in the trunk of an exogenous tree,” | such gravity.

Gower ;' HURLESTONE.- This is a charming which article appeared some time last year, in 13. *Ruins, a composition ;' Roberts.— This

group, easy and natural, with no put-on looks the Journal of the Royal Institution ; amongst artist having excelled all his brethren in the art

nor assumed graces: we should have liked it other positions, to which Mr. Harcourt cannot of exhibiting, in picturesque elegance and truth, the better had the sashes been more delicately reconcile his mind, is that which attempts to

the ruins of our Gothic churches and cathedrals, blue, and the dresses less snowy.-130. Sons establish the fact, that the numerous systems of has, in this composition, employed the Roman of B. Goad,' is by the same hand, and every way vegetation, of which every plant consists, are architecture, and we cannot say with less suc- equal in beauty and simplicity: the colouring is absolutely independent of the plant itself.

He has endeavoured to embody these more subdued. The only rival of Hurlestone, in It was announced from the chair, that medals lines by Mrs. Hemans

expressing the sweetness of youth, is Mrs. Carwould be bestowed, on the 3rd of April next, There have been bright and glorious pageants here, for the best collections of Camellias, which might There have been words which earth grew pale to hear,

penter, of whom we shall speak presently. Where now grey stones and moss-grown columns lie;

115. Baptism in the Days of the Persecution ;' be exhibited at the meeting on that day:

Breathed from the cavern's misty chambers nigh; G. HARVEY.-There is more variety of character
Joshua Stanger, Esq., J. W. Sutherland, There have been voices through the sunny sky, in this picture than in any other work in these
Esq., and Joseph Dobinson, Esq., were elected And the pine woods their choral hymn-notes sending, galleries. The subject was supplied by Pro-
Fellows of the Society.

And reeds and lyres their Dorian melody
With incense clouds around the temple blending,

fessor Wilson's 'Lights and Shadows of Scottish And throngs with laurel-boughs before the altar Life'- '-a work abounding in fine pictures. The MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK.


Covenanters have sought refuge in one of their
Royal College of Physicians. . Nine, P.M.
Monday, Royal Geographical Society...Nine, P.M.

The work of the painter more than embodies wild glens, down which a stream is running :
Medical Society......

.... Eight, P.m.

these fine lines; he has perhaps filled his scene sentinels stand armed at the passes, and enMedico-Botanical Society Eight, P.m. too full of the golden temples and theatres of closing the pastor and his people; while young TUESDAY, Institution of Civil Engineers.. Eight, P.M.

Medico-Chirurgical Society ....P.8, P.M. antiquity-but this will rather be said than felt. women in white present infants to be baptized.
Society of Arts, ( Evening 16-

32. Windsor;'CHILD. The artist has taken | Old men and matrons gaze in silence and withlustrations)

Eight. P.M. his view of Windsor Castle from the Thames out fear; and the minister, taking water from WEDNES. { Geological Society

p. 8, P.M.

bank; time, an autumnal evening. It is not an the brook in his hands, calls on his people to Society of Arts .............

p. 7, P.M. Thursd. { Society of antiquaries....... Light, P...

. p. 8, P.M.

easy task to paint up to human recollection, any witness the admission of a new member to God's

more than it is to equal expectation: we ima- people. The artist has acquitted himself with FRIDAY, Royal Institution

• p. 8, P.M. gine that the castle on Windsor hill stands no little skill in this important task: there is, Westminster Medical Society..Eight, P.M. nearer the sky than it has been the pleasure of it is true, something like a monotony of cha

the artist to represent it on canvas; this has racter among the heads; yet, on the whole, the PINE ARTS little, however, to do with the merits of the

scene is impressive, and continues present to work, which are very great-the whole is airy the fancy, in spite of all the glowing cheeks and EXHIBITION OF THE SOCIETY OF BRITISH and beautiful, and worthy of being the dwelling splendid dresses of more showy, but less subof a king.

stantial works, of which there are not a few Yesterday the Society of British Artists 36. 'Poacher's Confederate ;' HANCOCK.-The around. opened their fine galleries in Suffolk Street to poacher's confederate is a quick-footed sagacious 121. 'Study from Nature ;' Mrs. HAKBWILL. the friends and patrons of art; it was what is dog, which, in this little clever picture, has run - This study from nature is the head of an accalled the private view; and the pleasure re- down a hare, and stands, with its prey held quaintance, raised some twenty degrees in the ceived could not be little

, for near one thousand gently in its mouth, waiting the coming of its glass of elegance and beauty, by the poetic mind works, many of them of high merit,were exhibited. master.

of the fair artist. It is one of the loveliest faces This is perhaps one of the best exhibitions of the 39. 'Mountain Pass near Sorrento;' WATE.- 1 in the room : the hand which performed this

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