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children of Israel entering Canaan; success

Come, vein of my heart! then come in haste, massacre is said to have taken place in Ul

You're like Ambrosia, my liquor and feast; had in some degree perfected the parallel, ster, while the forfeited estates were nearly My forefathers all had the very same tasteand they believed it at once their political all in the three other provinces. This leads For the genuine dew of the mountain. interest and their religious duty to model

Oh, Usquebaugh!- I love its kiss ! us to the most curious part of Mr. Hardiman's

My guardian spirit I think it is, their conduct after the followers of Joshua. volumes, " the Jacobite Relics” of Ireland. Had my christening bowl been filled with this, In the age of Cromwell, songs, ballads, and

I'd have swallowed it-were it a fountain. It must appear strange, that a nation which minstrelsy were punished as high offences, had suffered more from the Stuarts than Many's the quarrel and fight we've had, more especially when the strains were directed rom all the other invaders and tyrants put

And many a time you made me mad,

But while I've a heart-it can never he sad, to rouse the spirit of the vanquished, or to together, should have been the steadiest sup- When you smile at me full on the table : pour malediction on the conqueror. It was porter of James II. ; the first to take up

Surely you are my wife and brother

My only child-my father and motherwhen Irish music was thus proscribed, that in his cause, and the last to lay them down. My outside coat-I have no other ! it definitely assumed the generic character of But the difficulty is explained, when we find Oh! I'll stand by you-while I am able. plaintive melancholy by which it is eminently in the bardic songs the success of James If family pride can aught avail, distinguished; the Cromwellians, in the em- identified with the last hopes of the Irish I've the sprightliest kin of all the Gael

Brandy and Usquebaugh, and ale ! phatic words of an old writer, “broke the people; the English Jacobites conspired to But claret untasted may pass us. heart of Ireland,” and the sounds uttered support the principal of legitimacy, the Scotch To clash with the clergy were sore amiss,

So for righteousness sake I leave them this, under their domination bear the impress of supported a prince descended from their

For claret the gownmen's comfort is, helpless, hopeless despair. Ofthis character country through natural and laudable pride; When they've saved us with matins and masses. is the following song composed on the depar- the Irish alone fought for national existence,

The early part of the eighteenth century ture of an illustrious exile to seek a home in and with them it was a contest for life or

is a blank in the history of Ireland; but it a foreign land:

death. Hence, we find in the Irish Jacobite
Relics, a fervid energy, an earnestness and unfortunately far below their merits. Of

was not unproductive of men whose fame is
John O'Duyer of the Glen.
power, unlike the simple spirit of war-songs.

this number, was Carolan, the last of the
Reproach alternates with exhortation, the

cry Blithe the bright dawn found me, Rest with strength had crown'd me,

for vengeance is more frequent than the hope genuine minstrels, that is, of those who were Sweet the birds sung round me, of victory ; the sovereign is less regarded musical powers have been long known, and

at once composers of music and poetry. His Sport was all their toil. The horn its clang was keeping,

than the nation. On this account, the JacoForth the fox was creeping, bite Relics are unfortunately applicable in duly appreciated in every part of the civilized

world; but of his poetry, few have heard, Round each dame stood weeping, O'er that prowler's spoil. every period of national dissatisfaction, and sti

and of these few, the majority have been Hark, the foe is calling, mulants to agitation in every moment of real

contented with the report. But though his Fast the woods are falling,

or supposed injustice. With the surrender Scenes and sights appalling of Limerick, the national existence of the lowing, even through the medium of a very

strains were all but improvisatized, the fol-
Mark the wasted soil.

Irish may be said to have terminated; imperfect translation, evinces no ordinary
War and confiscation
Curse the fallen nation;

thenceforward, it was treated as a colony, a Gloom and desolation

powers :-
word of bitter meaning in the history of
Shade the lost land o'er.

Carolan's Monody on the Death of his Wife
Chill the winds are blowing,
England. The descendants of the bards no

Mary Mac Guire.
Death aloft is going;

longer loved to recall the days of former Peace or hope seems growing

glory, they degenerated into song-writers, and, For our race no more.

Were heaven to yield me in this chosen hour Hark, the foe is calling, like all men who have nothing left to hope,

As an high gift ordain'd thro' life to last, Fast the woods are falling, reckless jollity and sensual enjoyment were

All that our earth hath mark'd of inental power,
Scenes and sights appalling

The concentrated genius of the past :
Throng our blood-stained shore.
the themes on which they loved to dwell.

Were all the spells of Erin's minstrels mine,
But sorrow still mingled in the cup : in the Mine the long-treasur'd stores of Greece and Rome-
Where's my goat to cheer me,

All, all with willing smi
inidst of the wildest Bacchanalian airs, a few

I would resign, Now it plays not near me ;

Might I but gain my Mary from the tomb. Friends no more can hear me ;

plaintive notes suddenly strike the ear, and Strangers round me stand.

My soul is sad-I bend beneath my woe, Nobles once high-hearted, seem to say this is the mirth of madness, the

Darkly each weary evening wears away; From their homes have parted,

very merriment of despair. The reckless Thro' the long night my tears in silence flow,
Scatter'd, scared, and started
glee of a man who has nothing to lose, and

Nor hope, nor comfort cheers the coming day.
By a base-born band.

Wealth might not tempt-nor beauty move me now,
Hark, the foe is calling,

whose brief moments of comparative happi- Tho' one so favour'd sought my bride to beFast the woods are falling;

ness are only to be obtained in the oblivion Witness, high heaven !-bear witness to my Fow-
Scenes and sights appalling
of intoxication, is vividly pourtrayed in the

My Mary! death shall find me true to thee.
Thicken round the land.
following " chanson à boire"; and, notwith-

How happy once ! how joyous have I been,
Oh! that death had found me,

When merry friends sat smiling at my side; And in darkness bound me,

standing its extravagance of mirth, there are Now near my end-dark seems each festive scene –
Ere each object round me
dashes of plaintiveness in the original wild

With thce, my Mary, all their beauty died.
Grew so sweet, so dear.

My wit hath past--my sprightly voice

gone, Spots that once were cheering,

air that strike sorrowfully on the soul:-- My heart sinks deep in loneliness and gloom, Girls beloved, endearing,

Why, Liquor of Life.

Life hath no aftercharms to lead me on-
Friends from whom I'm steering,

They wither with my Mary-in the tomb.
Take this parting tear.

Hark, the foe is calling,
The Bard addresses Whiskey.

The translations in these volumes have
Fast the woods are falling;
Why, liquor of life! do I love you so,

been furnished by different friends of the Scenes and sights appalling

When in all our encounters you lay me low?
Plague and haupt me here.

editor: those contributed by the late Mr. Fur-
More stupid and senseless I every day grow,
What a hint-If I 'd mend by the warning!

long, Mr. H. G. Curran, and Mr. D'Alton, "The restoration of Charles II. revived the Tattered and torn you've left my coat,

are equally remarkable for their spirit and hopes of the Irish nation, but its result was

I've not a cravat- to save my throat,

fidelity, and will give the merely English only to aggravate their despair. The estates

Yet I pardon you all, my sparkling doat! that had been forfeited for loyalty to his

If you'll cheer me again in the morning.

reader some specimen of the neglected treaWhiskey replies.

sure contained in the native literature of the father, were by him confirmed in the posses- When you've heard prayers on Sunday next,

“emerald isle." sion of his father's murderers; those who With a sermon beside, or at least - the text,

The illustrative notes the editor explain had lost their all in supporting the cause of

Come down to the alehouse--however you 're vexed, the Stuarts, were doomed to experience the

Aud though thousands of cares assault you :

many interesting periods of Irish history;

You'll find tippling there-- till morais meod, worst ingratitude of that ungrateful race, and

they were, however, written before the con

A cock shall be placed in the barrel's end, .to behold the monarch for whom they had

The jar shall be near you, anıt I'll be your friend,

cession of emancipation in 1829, and there

And give you a “ Keud mille juulté!' + suffered so severely, bribing his enemies with

fore contain many allusions no longer applitheir fortunes. The massacre, as it was The Bard resumes his address.

cable. Mr. Hardiman belongs to a class

gen.called, in the north of Ireland, was made the

You're my soul, and my treasure, without and within,

little known in England: he is an Irish

My sister and cousin, and all my kin; pretext for this wholesale iniquity. It is now

"Tis unlucky to wed such a prodigal sin,-

tleman of the old school; one who seeks jusknown, that the story of the massacre was

But all other enjoyment is vain, love!

My barley-ricks all turn to you,-. at least an exaggeration; but even had it been

My tillage--my plough- and my horses too, true to the last letter, it could not afford any

My cows and my sheep they have--bid me adieu, excuse for the Act of Settlement, because the

I care not while you main, love!

+ One hundred thousand welcomes.

tice for his country through the medium of good government, and eagerly labours to conciliate rival parties and hostile creeds, by showing that both lave many claims to virtue, and that there have been times when

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neither was free from guilt. The anecdotes , frolic' in the neighbourhood of Cincinnati. The at variance with the evidence, that they were that he has recorded of the Irish in the last corn was heaped up into a sort of hillock close disgraceful to the country. A son of the latter century, throw a new and valuable light on by the granary, on which the young ‘Ohiohians' gentleman, a lad about fourteen years old, the condition of Ireland during that period, and buck-eyes'—the lasses of Ohio are called was killed in open day whilst walking in his and explain much that seems to Englishmenbuck-eyes'-seated themselves in pairs ; while father's garden, by a blow of an axe handle, inexplicable in the situation of the country doing little, but talking much. Now the laws of evidence was clear against the murderer, and

which was flung at him across the fence. The at the present day. We may perhaps at another opportunity glean some interesting

'corn-husking frolics' ordain, that for each red yet he was acquitted. Whilst I was at Vandalia,

ear that a youth finds, he is entitled to exact a I saw in a list of lands for sale, amongst other morceaux from these abundant stores : for the

kiss from his partner. There were two or three lots to be sold for taxes, one of Mr. Flowers'. present we content ourselves with naming young Irishmen in the group, and I could ob- The fate of these gentlemen and their families the memoir of Carolan, as one of the most serve the rogues kissing half-a-dozen times on should be a sufficient warning to persons of their interesting biographies we have ever read, the same red ears. Each of them laid a red ear class in England, not to attempt settling in the and quoting the following characteristic anec- close by him, and after every two or three he'd backwoods ; or if they have that idea, to leave dote of Irish pride :

husk, up he'd hold the redoubtable red ear to aside altogether refined notions, and never to “ Daniel Byrne, well known in Dublin, in the the astonished eyes of the giggling lass who sate bring with them either the feelings or the habits seventeenth century, by the name of Daniel beside him, and most unrelentingly inflict the of a gentleman farmer. The whole secret and the tailor,' was the son of a forfeited gentleman, penalty. The 'gude wives' marvelled much cause of this guerre à mort, declared by the who resided at Ballintlea, near Red Cross, co. at the unprecedented number of red ears which backwoodsmen against Messrs. Birkbeck and Wicklow. Daniel was bred to the clothiering that lot of corn contained: by-and-bye, they Flowers, was, that when they first settled upon trade ; and, having contracted for clothing the thought it'a kind of curious' that the Irishmen the prairies, they attempted to act the pairon Irish parliamentary forces, under Cromwell, he should find so many of them-at length, the cheat and benefactor, and considered themselves enmade a considerable fortune. His son, Gregory,

was discovered, amidst roars of laughter. The titled to some respect. Now, a west-country (whose descendants took the name of Leicester,) old farmers said the lads were wide awake,' and American would rather die like a cock on a was created an English baronet in 1660. Soon the buck-eyes' declared that there was no being dunghill, than be patronized after the English after, as both were walking in Dublin, Sir Gre- up to the plaguy Irishmen.no how,' for they fashion." gory said, 'Father, you ought to walk to the left were always sure to have everything their own

Our readers will probably recollect a clever of me, I being a knight, and you but a private way. But the mischief of it was, the young paper some time since in the Athenæum,t individual.' Daniel answered, No, you puppy,

Americans took the hint, and the poor 'bucks called the Last of the Boatmen ; the followI have the precedency in three ways : first, i eyes' got nothing like fair play for the remainder ing may pass as an interesting and explanaam your senior; secondly, I am your father; and thirdly, I am the son of a gentleman, and laughing and more kissing done at that, than tory comment:

* The usual time occupied in a voyage from you are but the son of a poor lousy tailor. Of had been known at any corn-husking frolic since Daniel's, wit, the following, among other inthe Declaration.'

Orleans to Louisville is from ten to twelve days, stances, is related : William Dawson, of Portar- Another scene is little less graphic, though short space of eight days. The spur that com

and boats have performed it in the surprisingly lington, ancestor of one of our present noble somewhat less pleasant.

merce has received from the introduction of families, one morning pressing him to a dram One day while getting our horse fed at a steam-boats on the western waters, can only be as they were going to hunt, said, “Take it off,

tavern in Indiana, the following conversation appreciated by comparing the former means of Daniel, it is but a thimble full.'. 'Yes, Willy,' took place between the persons there assembled. communication with the present. Previous to said the other, ‘I would take it, if it were a hop- We were sitting at the door, surrounded by cap- 1812, the navigation of the Upper Ohio was per full:' thus reminding the Squire of bis own tains, lawyers, and squires, when one of the carried on by means of about 150 small barges, old occupation, which was that of a miller." gentlemen demanded of another if there had not averaging between thirty and forty tons burden, been a 'gouging scrape' at the ' Colonel's tavern'

and the time consumed in ascending from the the evening before. He replied in the affirma. Falls to Pittsburg was a full month. On the A Ramble of Six Thousand Miles through the

tive; and after having related the cause of Lower Ohio and the Mississippi there were United States of America. By S. A. Fer- quarrel, and said that the lie had been given, about twenty barges, which averaged 100 tons rall, Esq. London : Wilson.

he continued, the judge knocked the major burden, and more than three months was occuMuch has been lately written on America, right over, and jumped on to him in double quick

pied in ascending from Orleans to Louisville time-they had it rough and tumble for about and yet we always read a new volume with

with West India produce, the crew being obliged ten minutes--Lord J-s Alm-y; as pretty a satisfaction, especially if the traveller has

to poll or cordelle the whole distance. Seldom good sense enough not to weary us with fully lovely fellow.' Then followed a description scrape as ever you see'd—the judge is a wonder

more than one voyage to Orleans and back was

made within the year. In 1817, a steam-boat repetitions and statistical notices of New of the divers punishments inflicted by the com

arrived at Louisville from New Orleans in York, Philadelphia, and the other sea-board batants on each other--the major had his eye

twenty-five days, and a public dinner and other towns. Now, Mr. Ferrall's work has this nearly 'gouged out, and the judge his chin

rejoicings celebrated the event. From that merit. The writer pushes at once into the almost bitten off. During the recital, the whole

period until 1827, the time consumed in this great western states, and we have a plain party was convulsed with laughter."

voyage gradually diminished, and in that year straight-forward account of such things as Many of our readers will, no doubt, recol- a boat from New Orleans entered the port of interested him. There is no high seasoning lect the excitement some years since, when Louisville in eight days and two hours. There in his descriptions--no caricature resem- Birkbeck having located in the prairies of the are at present on the waters of the Ohio and blances-nothing is done or written for effect; | Illinois, gave notice of the El Dorado in sun- Mississippi, 323 boats, the aggregate burden of yet, he has many natural home scenes de- dry pamphlets. Birkbeck and Flowers were

which is 56,000 tons, the greater proportion scribed with truth and fidelity, that let us at both men of property; they bought large measuring from 250 to 500 tons.” once into the simplicity of farm life on the tracks of land, and laid out much money in

An excellent idea of the real nature of Ohio—the following may be taken as a spe- improvements. They are now both dead, backwood travelling, may be collected from cimen :and Mr. Ferrall informs us

this work; and the description of New Or“When a farmer wishes to have his corn “ Their property has entirely passed into leans is more full and satisfactory than any husked, he rides round to his neighbours and other hands, and the members of their families we remember to have read. On the whole, informs them of his intention. An invitation of who still remain in this country are in com- we recommend it to our readers, as a plain, this kind was once given in my presence. The parative indigence,

sensible, and serviceable volume.
farmer entered the house, sat down and after " The most inveterate hostility was manifested
the customary compliments were passed, in the by the back-woods people towards those settlers,
usual laconic style, the following dialogue took and the series of outrages and annoyances to

The Biblical Cabinet Allas. Engraved by Thomas place. I guess I'll husk my corn to-morrow which they were exposed, contributed not a little

Starling. London: Bull. afternoon.'- You've a mighty heap this year.' to shorten their days. It at length became

“The Cabinet Atlas; or, Geographical Annual,' Considerable of corn.' The host at length notorious, that neither Birkbeck nor Flowers was, we believe, one of the most successful pubsaid, 'Well, I guess we'll be along'—and the could obtain redress for any grievance what- lications of the last season, and certainly, whatmatter was arranged. All these gatherings are ever, unless by appealing to the superior courts, ever may have been its merits, this Biblical under the donomination of 'frolics'--such as -as both the magistrates and jurors were ex- Atlas' is in no way its inferior. It is not often

corn-husking frolic, apple-cutting frolic,' clusively of the class of the offenders ; and the that we have seen so very beautiful a volume : ‘quilting frolic,' &c.

‘Supreme Court of the United States' declared, the maps are executed with the greatest care; Being somewhat curious in respect to na- that the verdicts of the juries, and the decisions tional amusements, I attended a .corn-husking 1 of the magistrates were, in many cases, so much

# No. 241, Lights and Shadows of American Life:' edited by Miss Mitford.

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and the general index which accompanies them, | ered upon our gracious sovereign, this volume as a feint to prevent the nest from being disis an addition of the highest value: we have in has much useful information for all who are de- covered, and he soon returns. On her part

, she one line, but under distinct heads, the scripture sirous of knowing the history of their country: devotes herself with the utmost patience and name-the classic name—the tribe or province The author, indeed, goes a little farther back constancy to her maternal cares. As the time --the country--reference to where mentioned with his line of kings than we care about; yet approaches when the young ones will make in Scripture, and where to be found in the map it is gratifying to know that we are ruled by the their appearance, she is evidently increasingly ---the modern name--the modern locality—the descendants of Brute the Trojan. There have interested in their preservation, and will brave distance and bearing from Jerusalem—the lati- reigned over us-such is the pleasure of Provi- everything to defend them from injury: the tude and longitude-with historical remarks. dence-Trojans, Romans, Saxons, Danes, Nor- stormiest gales of wind, the drenching rain, or We know not the work we could more conscien- mans, Dutch, and Germans. The History of the pelting hail-storm, do not drive her from her tiously recommend as a valuable and beautiful Scotland, says our author, from Fergus the First nest; there she remains, and her faithful mate present for young people. It ought, indeed, to to Fergus the Second, is all pure fable. Alas, continues in attendance on her. At last, the be announced as the Geographical Annual for that he should say so! Now we look upon it little birds pierce the shell, and faint cries pro1832, and it need not fear competition. to be as good history as that of the Brute dy- claim their wants to their parents: then there

nasty of England—and no better, and so let is full employment to procure food sufficient to Translation of several principal Books, Passages, then both pass. The author is anxious, as be- supply five or six craving little creatures. The

and Texts of the Veds, &c. By Rajah Rammo. comes a historian, concerning the birth of the tender seeds of groundsel, lettuce, and other bun Roy. 2nd edit. London: Parbury, Allen, Pretender; we think with him, that it would plants, are its favourite food; but especially the & Co.

have been prudent of the Queen to have given thistle-seed; from its fondness for this plant, it The works here collected will have great in

birth to the Prince before the Dutch Ambassa- | is sometimes called thistlefinch in England, and terest with all who are desirous to obtain infor-dor, or waited till the return of her sister Anne chardonneret in France." mation on the subjects treated of; but, however from Bath, and so eluded all doubts and sur- This is one of the neatest and most interestvaluable, they cannot, of course, be generally mises.; but the inconsiderate woman did no ing little books which has come lately from popular. Even the discussions on Concrema- such thing, and so “occasioned the factions of Messrs. Harvey & Darton. tion and Postcremation, or, the practice of burn- the eighteenth century." We never saw so reaing widows alive, is too learned to interest the sonable a cause assigned for the two rebellions | Poem in Eight Cantos, by Thomas Hirst.'-This

. Alfred; or, the Wayward Son, a Domestic before. These eight hundred large and close- volume contains a very interesting story, told mere English reader.

printed pages make somewhat of a cumbrous with much modesty and simplicity, but with less LIBRARY OF ENTERTAINING KNOWLEDGE. key to our history; yet they show on most occasions an anxious search after truth, and on all render it popular. As bold words and timid

animation and fire than what is necessary to British Museum. Vol. I.

occasions such love of the subject as we never This is a compilation from common works on

ideas distinguish too much of our poetry of the the history and antiquities of ancient Egypt . It expected to encounter.

present day, it is at least something to find a contains little new information, and the old ac- The Minstrelsy of the Woods ; or, Sketches plain story told in a homely way;—that we have quires no additional value from the taste or and Songs connected with the Natural History of not misrepresented the author of Alfred, the skill of the compiler. A few more such speci- the most interesting British and Foreign Birds'- following passage will show :mens of the art of book-making would ruin a The idea of this little work is a happy one; nor is The merchant listens to the latest news series even of greater merit than the Library | the execution at all unworthy of the conception; Of the price current, discount, stocks, exchange : of Entertaining Knowledge.' it is full of clever descriptions and very pleasing Sees the Gazette, his ledger then reviews;

That's what he thought of; this seems rather strange ; verses; the introductory lines explain the ain But chances rise, and, with a merchant's spirit, ILLUSTRATIONS OF POLITICAL ECONOMY.- of the volume:

Ventures his skill, his money, and his credit. No. VII. A Manchester Strike. By Harriet

Young wanderers by the mountain streams, A thousand currents pour their varied store,

Whose days are all like sunny dreams,
Martineau. London: Fox.

Moved by the impulse of his ready pen,
To you, from woodlands far away,

To freight his vessel for the distant shore.
We were among the first to commend this very

I come, with legend and with lay:

"Twixt bope and fear contending, he again clever and useful series. Miss Martineau has Songs of many a tuneful bird,

Shoves off his treasure, with the hardy band,

Amid your own green vallies heard ; since received the good word of all critics, and

While winds and waves assume the chief command.

Warblers whose strains are full of glee, therefore ours will be the less serviceable-but

Blythe as your own blythe songs can be;

The husbandman beneath domestic charm
And tale, and sketch, and soug I bring,

Surveys his cattle and the rising blade; this . Manchester Strike' is among the best tales

Of birds who wave the glossy wing,

The mighty world seems fenced within his farm; she has yet published.

And sing their tiny broods to rest,

For there his hopes and all his fears are laid.
In the deep forests of the west.

'Tis his amid the season's varied toil,

To reap the bounty of his cultured soil.

As a specimen of the prose descriptions, we The warrior hastens at the trumpet's blast;
It is, we have heard, a pleasant thing to cannot do better than extract that of our especial Courage sits sternly on his ample brow;
write a book; pleasant to see it in all the beauty favourite the Goldfinch; it shows an intimate Quick flows his blood, his pulses beat more fast;

He hastes to conquest with a patriot's vow; of new type and fine paper ; pleasant to see it acquaintance with the nature and habits of the

With nervous arm, and hope inspiring breath, in the hands of friends, in whose judgment men bird :

He tugs for victory in the face of death. put confidence; pleasant to see it. commended

" This is one of the most elegant of our Eng. The sportsman mounted on his favourite steed, by toothy critics by the score ; pleasant to see lish birds; graceful in form, and arrayed in Bounds o'er the forest, field, or sounding wood; it glide through edition after edition, and plea- much more brilliant colours than the birds of And hound, and horse, and man, with tireless speed,

Chases the scent of honour and of blood. sant when the bookseller puts on a gladsome this climate usually exhibit. It has also a sweet

All have their objects, fraught with loss or gainface at the author's approach, and asks for and cheerful song, which is heard from the earliest

A cherish'd course that brings its joy or pain. another work in the same spirit as the last days of spring; but it is in the month of May So had the father of the wayward son; Such are the pleasures of authors, but alas, critics that it gives us its sweetest and fullest strains: Whose history demands this supplement; experience none of those joys; on our library perched on a tree it will pour forth its notes Which must in justice start where his had done. table lie some dozen volumes or so, all of which from early morn to set of sun, and make the When to his journey all his strength he lent,

What were the object, purpose, feeling, thought, we have to read, examine, and weigh, before we orchard resound with its music. It continues

With which the vision of his mind was fraught? can apportion to each their due share of praise to sing till the month of August, except during or blame. Now to read sometimes six hundred the period at which it is rearing its young; vision of the subject into cantos, the cantos into

We must confess, however, that, save the dipages for the sake of writing six lines, is a then all its time and attention are devoted to misery unknown to the rest of mankind : but parental duties, The male bird, though very sition, straight on the left of the page, and ragged

stanzas, and the whole into that kind of compothis is not all: those authors whom we commend attentive to his pretty mate, does not assist her in this brief way, think we might have indulged in building the nest; but he is constantly claim to the lionours of poesy


towards the right, this story has little or no them with more extended praise, while those watching over her, either close by her side, or whom we condemn, are irritated at our brief mode perched on the nearest tree; and this he does, The Blue Bag; or, Toryana, by the Speaker of dismissal, and wish to have been shown up both when she is seeking her food, and while of the House of Commons.' This is a sort of more at length. The woes therefore of a critic, engaged in preparing the abode for her future political squib put forth by a Reformer against are many and peculiar; and what is worse, they progeny. The nest is composed of roots, fine the Tories; we are not sure that the bitterness are looked on as a sort of tooth-ache, the worst moss, the down of plants, and lichens, and it is of its wit will spread much confusion in these pangs of which in the mind of all but the suf- lined with horse-hair, wool, and downy feathers. stirring times among the enemy, nor do we ferer, are only worthy of laughter. So much Here the hen bird deposits five or six white think that the parties lampooned will be deeply for our task-let us now endeavour to perform it. eggs, spotted with brown towards the thick end. affected by its invective. "In truths

, public men 'Companion and Key to the History of England, While she is hatching, her companion never have been so much satirized of late, with tongue, by George Fisher.'Under a title-page as long leaves her except to procure food ; but sits on pen, and pencil, that they are become blunt and as an ordinary pamphlet, and a dedication a neighbouring tree and cheers her with his insensible to aught but the very purest wit, and n which all the virtues under heaven

are show- ) song. If disturbed, he flies away; but it is only the very loftiest sort of satire. Of the little pieces

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in this squib, we like Lord Tenterden's Dream When my reply had different been,

twice detained some ten or eleven days in the best:

Although the same had been your question. performance of the same voyage; the mail
Lord Tenterden, wisest of lawyers and men,
If we had met when both were young,

coach moving over macadamized roads proMust be in his court as the clock strikes ten;

And both in Nature's wealth delighted, mised a more speedy mode of conveyance, and
His eye-brows and wig were in brimstone smoke, Ere one had to the heart been wrung,

we were wafted through the air to the distance
As he thought a debate of twelve hours no joke ;
And be wriggled like Wetherell twitching his breech, And one by Mammon's influence blighted :- of 340 miles, in 36 hours some odd minutes.
As Salisbury rose to make bis dull speech ;
Then had we met, we might have made

We sat down assured, in our own mind, that
Up rose Carnarvon, his face showed pain,

the force of nature and art could go no further, But the Cholera touched him when up rose Vane ;

A most Arcadian pair of lovers;

when lo! we were astounded by an announceBrother Wynford rose pext-a horrible bore

Have flattered in the greenwood shade,
Tenterden dozed, and began to snore ;

ment, that on the miraculous railway of Man

And found employment for the glovers :
And dreamt what lawyer ne'er dreamt before
Gramercie, gramercie, to me it does seem,
We might have sat beneath a tree,

chester, men travelled at the rate of twenty miles

an hour. On this coming to pass, we sat down Lord Tenterden's wig is the nest of his dream.

A very human pair of turtles ;

resolved to wonder at nothing; and it is well we "The Faith as unfolded by many Prophets ; an Have poetized with "thine” and “thee,"

did, for travelling on ground, under ground, in Essay, by Harriet Martineau.'- This little work And had a bride-cake wreathed with myrtles:

the air, and on the water, is fairly getting the is issued by the British and Foreign Unitarian We might have sat beneath a tree,

better of this age's unbelief in the marvellous ; Association, and addressed to the disciples of

No matter whether beech or holly,

nothing that imagination ever desired human Mahomet. We have heard of jig tunes being Deeming it wretched to be free,

credulity to swallow, comes up to what is now whistled to milestones, but we never heard that the stones danced; this fulmination against the Then, had you looked into my eyes,

And thinking wisdom only folly :

done or doing. The works of the inventive

Watt, the ingenious Rennie, the poetical and
Mahometans will, we have no doubt, if heard
at all
, be heard with apathy by that wise people, I might have answered you with sighs,
And whispered to me, “angel-dearest"- practical Teliord, laid the foundation for all

these mechanical wonders.
who refuse to have their faith questioned; it will,
And thought you of your sex sincerest.

We have been led into this train of thinking therefore, be as much thrown away as the music

by two little sheet-sized papers (by Mr. Thomas aforesaid. Perhaps, however, Harriet Martineau But thirty-nine and fifty-one looks towards Turkey as she speaks, but expects Can never by romance be cheated;

Grahame, we believe) on Canal Navigation, and her eloquence to tell on people nearer home. Imagination's wings are gone,

on Railways; we are admirers of science, if we

are not skilful in its singular powers, and we

And Prudence in the soul is seated;
* The Grecian, conducted by Archdeacon
Yes, you have learned to cast accounts--

take pleasure in giving all the publicity we can Adamson, Esq., now of Christ's Hospital, No.

You know the price of ladies' bonnets;

to ingenious speculations, or to new discoveries, IV., for July.'- The editor and contributors of

or to valuable facts. Of the latter kind is the this work are bold lads; they deal with nothing And I, too, understand amounts

Too well-to trust a lover's sonnets.

following passage, containing observations made but the loftiest and most perilous themes. Here

at Glasgow, in July 1832; we give the statewe have 'Ambition,” Thy will be done,''Death You dread the gout and want a nurse,

ment without comment-the writer is speaking and Sleep,' “ David and Goliah,' and `Attila.' And calculate on who'd be pleasant,

of the various velocities of boats in water :We like the Stanzas to Twilight' best, and I, on my liberty and purse,

“My meaning will be best explained by a would quote some of them if we had room. From which I won't divorce at present. reference to facts verified by the Paisley Canal * The Elements of Mechanics, by J. R. Young,' So fare you well, we'll still be friends,

Passage Boats, when moving along that canal. is a very excellent introduction to the mathema

(I really thank you for your letter,)

When started at low velocity, these boats move apBut when the lieart's believing ends, tical analysis of statics and dynamics, written

parently through the smooth surface of the canal, by a person not only perfectly master of his For woman-singleness is better.

meeting with no resistance other than that of a subject, but thoroughly skilled in the art of

very small part of the fluid which they intersect. teaching. The great difficulty that the students I add a postscript, just to say,

If, in addition to this resistance, they are burof analytic mechanics have had to encounter, is

If 'tis unkind all hope to shatter

dened with the obstruction of a small body of the want of a work that would explain the meanCall in when next you ride this way,

water carried on before, it is not perceptible. ing and extent of analytical expressions, as well

And then we'll re-discuss the matter.

Let the speed be increased, and a body of water as the theories they embody, most writers bav.

rises in front of the boat, preceding it at various ing given their readers credit, not only for a

distances, dependent on the velocity of the boat,

CANALS AND RAILWAYS. thorough knowledge of the calculus, but also for a

and increasing by degrees, till it rises to eighteen perfect acquaintance with all its refinements. Were the wise man who said there is nothing inches, and two feet flowing over the banks of

new under the sun, living in these days, he the canal, and occasioning such a resistance,

would, we think, change his opinion. All is that the horses dragging the boat, would, if it ORIGINAL PAPERS

new, or, at least, little is old. We would ask was allowed to continue, be unable to proceed

hin, did he ever ascend the third heaven in a for any length. If, however, the speed is farther A MIDDLE-AGED LADY'S REPLY TO AN balloon? did he ever sail against a stiff breeze increased, the boat advances to, and passes the OFFER.

and a strong current, in one of those maritime wave, which subsides behind, and the water in

chimeras called steam-boats? and, above all, Unfeignedly surprised and grateful,

the canal becomes again perfectly still. The did he ever move over the vales of Judea, or on horses become then fully able for their work, and And much your friend, and now your debtor, And thinking that suspense is hateful,

the plains of Assyria, in one of thie royal cha- the boat appears to meet little resistance other

riots, with the rapidity of a London bagman on I answer with all speed your letter;

than that occasioned by cutting or passing But, Sir, I never gave you reason

the Liverpool railway? We answer for him, through the water. Whether in this last case To draw the inference you have done ;

“ Never." And yet these miraculous matters the vessel still continues to carry a body of water I've flirted with you but a season,

to which we allude, seem but in their infancy. in front, is uncertain, but if such be the case, it And corresponded scarcely one.

Gordon, an ingenious engineer, lately revealed is imperceptible; and the higher the velocity,

to us, in his little clever book, some of the chief it would appear, from the increasing quiescence 'Tis true, I took a lock of hair,

mysteries of motion : this put us on considering of the water, the more is the resistance to the (Which came, no doubt, from Delcroix's and inquiring; we set about comparing the past moving body reduced to the mere resistance college,)

with the present, and the result was, that we offered to the cutting of the water. So sensible Also a ring—but not to wear

held up our hands in wonder at the marvels are the masters of the Paisley Canal Passage And gave you ‘Mason on Self Knowledge;' which, even in our brief space of existence, Boats of the destructive effect of this wave beAnd now upon these grounds you claim

have been wrought. Motion with us has been fore the boat, and in obstructing its motion and My hand, and heart, and that for ever : gradually increasing in velocity from the crawl overcoming the power of the horses, that when, You tell me " Friendship's but a name" of the snail to the flight of the hawk. Time was, by the carelessness of the drivers, a wave is

For Love-grown middle-aged and clever. when our most expeditious public travelling car- allowed to rise, the boats are stopped and again
You say, 'tis foolish work for those

riage was the stage-waggon-the same in which started, as it is found to be much easier to bring Who're past an age that's giri.and-boyish,

Random had the adventure with Captain Wea- the boat up to the high from the low speed, with Not to bring matters to a close ;

sel-lumbering along with twelve horses, at the out raising the wave, than to force the boat over That flirting thus is really toyish ;

rate of three miles an hour; wearying of that, the wave when once it has been raised. In like And then, Sir, with your three per cents.,

we tried our own proper feet, which, with some manner, when the boat is moving at the rate of You perfume and fold up your letter,

exertion, carried us over sixty measured miles in nine or ten miles an hour through the canal, if With just a hint, that all my rents

a summer's day; tiring-as who would not ?- the horses are suddenly stopped, the wave apYour stewardship would get in better.

of such an uneasy mode of migration, we tried pears as the speed decreases, and washes over

what water and wind could do for us, and though the banks until the onward motion of the boat I will be frank with you: I've seen

once borne from London to Edinburgh, when falls to the low velocities first mentioned. The time, Sir Abel Giles Hephæstion, the skies smiled, in forty-eight hours, we were "Now, two very opposite conclusions might

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be drawn by persons observing these facts. One that the canals are unable to enter into competi-, in this respect, satisfactorily demonstrated as person beginning with the high velocity, and tion with them for the turnpike road traffic; the possible and correct; but unluckily one very imobserving the increase of labour

to the horses on coaching, posting, van and waggon trade on portant matter had not been admitted into the decreasing that velocity, might be apt to ima- which, they expect to take from the road without calculation, or rather had not been supposed to gine, that not only the resistance increased with dispute. They consider that the Canal Com- exist, viz., the probability, or rather certainty, the diminished speed, but that at the diminished panies must stand merely on the defensive, until of a great increase of expense, consequent on inspeed, a wave, destructive to the canal banks, the Railway Company, having taken the road creased speed. The geometrical ratio of increased was raised. Another party again observing the trade, begin the attack, and that then the Canal resistance on increasing the speed on canals

, increased resistance and wave consequent on carriers and Company can only protect and pre

has been transferred to the increase of expense increasing the speed of the boat beyond the low serve a part of their light goods trade, by a re- on increasing the speed on railways, with this advelocity, might at once lay down opposite rules

duction of dues and charges, to compensate for dition, that the increase of expense affects not and conclusions.

the great rates of speed of the railway convey- merely the moving power, or locomotive engine, “Until some mode of measuring the effect ance."

but the coaches, waggons, and roadway. The of this wave in increasing the resistance The writer proceeds to argue, that by con

ordinary speed of conveyance on the Liverpool is ascertained, it would appear to be diffi-structing a canal of the same length as the pro

railway, is from ten to twenty miles an hour, cult to say what is the real increase of resis-posed railway, the coaching trade of the latter

and depends much on the weather and the tance in passing along the surface of a piece could not stand for a single month in competi

weight dragged. The railway engine, with its of water. The fact is undoubted, that two horses tion with the canal boats, in which passengers

tender for carrying coke and water, costs about on the Paisley Canal boats, drag with ease a can travel with perfect safety at the rate of ten

10001. and drags after it a train of eight coaches, passage-boat, with her complement of seventy- miles an hour, with a degree of ease and comfort the cost of each of which, if the same as in the five or ninety passengers, at the rate of ten miles which no other conveyance can give, and at a

estimate for the London and Birmingham railan hour, along the canal, while it would kill

tenth of the cost. Here are his calculations, way, should be 2001., or a train of first-class them, or even double the number of horses, if founded, he says, on experiments made on the

coaches with accompanying engine and tender, they attempted to drag that boat along the canal Manchester railway and the Ardrossan canal.

costs 26001. The coaches accommodate one hunat the rate of six miles an hour. It would be

“The ordinary speed for the conveyance of dred and twenty passengers. There are other much easier to draw the boat along the canal at passengers on the Ardrossan canal, has for nearly travel at an inferior speed, and which will cost

coaches, and also uncovered waggons which the rate of fifteen miles an hour, than at the lower velocity of six miles. The facts now stated, although there are fourteen journies along the two years been froin nine to ten miles an hour, and

less. The fares are various : seven shillings, or though more decidedly exhibited in the Paisley Canal, from its narrowness, have been proved canal have sustained no injury; indeed injury is canal per day, at this rapid speed, the banks of the nearly threepence per mile for each passenger, in

the best coaches : and five shillings, or twopence and exhibited on various other canals, and must, impossible, as there is no surge. The boats are

per mile, for each passenger in the common coaches, though in different degrees, affect motion along formed seventy feet in length, about five feet

of what is called the 'first train,'-being just all bodies of water." six inches broad, and, but for the extreme nar

double and triple the Paisley boat fares; and four The other paper discusses the subject of land rowness of the canal might be made broader,

shillings in the coaches, and three shillings and conveyance, and the hopes held out by the pro- they carry easily from seventy to eighty pas

sixpence in the uncovered waggons of what is

called the second train,' which move at a lower jectors of the London and Birmingham railway, sengers, and, when required, can, and have carthat all the coaching and carrying and boating ried, upwards of 110 passengers. The entire velocity. The lowest railway fare to the traveller, trade, would come into their hands, and prove cost of a boat and fittings up is about 1251. The

is therefore three halfpence per mile, in an open, a source of great profit to themselves, and con- hulls are formed of light iron plates and ribs,

uncovered waggon, moving at an inferior speed, venience to the public.

and the

covering is of wood and light oiled exposed to wind and rain, and the steam and “How far this last calculation may prove cloth. They are more airy, light, and comfort

smoke of the engine or double the fare on the correct, seems to be extremely doubtful, for able than any coach; they permit the passengers Paisley canal, for being carried in a comfortable the canal conveyance to London is already far to move about from the outer to the inner cabin;

cabin under cover." cheaper than that on railways, and the Liverpool and the fares per mile are one penny in the first, vations of a man of science and experience, we

laid before these obserand Manchester Railway Company, in their com- and three farthings in the second cabin. The

shall encumber them with no remarks of our petition with the water carriage, have obtained passengers are all carried under cover, having the but a very trifling proportion of traffic from the privilege also of an uncovered space. These

own. England has many splendid canals, and canals. The profits (if any have actually been boats are drawn by two horses, (the prices of

we confess we should be sorry to see a fine line made by the carriage of goods on the Liverpool and which may be from 501. to 601. per pair,) in-nay, a stream-of pure water exchanged for a Manchester Railway,) are extremely small; yet stages of four miles in length which are done road, with its carriages moving along, obscured the water distance between Manchester and in from twenty-two to twenty-five minutes,

in mud or in whirlwinds of dust. Liverpool, is nearly double the railway distance; including stoppages to let out and take in pasand instead of possessing the regularity of canal sengers, each set of horses doing three or four MR.' COULTHURST, THE AFRICAN conveyance, is, for eighteen miles of this addi- stages alternately each day. In fact, the boats tional length, subject to the winds and tides of are drawn through this narrow and shallow It is with feelings of deep regret that we the Mersey. Nevertheless, of an amount of canal, at a velocity which many celebrated en- have to announce the death of this young nearly fourteen hundred thousand tons annually, gineers had demonstrated, and which the public and enterprising traveller -- another victim for the carriage of which the Directors of the believed to be impossible.

added to the long and melancholy catalogue Liverpool Railway were desirous to provide, be- “ The entire amount of the whole expenses of men of spirit and talent who have fallen a fore their railway was opened, little more than of attendants and horses, and of running one of sacrifice to their enthusiasm on the subject of an eighteenth part, including the entire road these boats four trips of twelve miles each, (the African discovery. Mr. Coulthurst had, it ap. traffic, has been as yet obtained for the railway; length of the canal,) or forty-eight miles daily, pears, made a fortnight's journey from the old and the expenses of carrying this fruction of the including interest on the capital, and twenty Calabar river into the interior, when, for reasons trade, have been so enormous, as to make it doubt- per cent. laid aside annually for replacement of unknown at present, he returned to that place, ful whether the Railway Company do not suffer the boats, or loss on the capital therein invested, and embarked on board the Agnes, a Liverpool a regular loss on their carrying trade, which is and a considerable sum laid aside for accidents vessel bound for Fernando Po. It was during defrayed from their profits as coachmasters. and replacement of the horses, is 7001. some odd this voyage that this intelligent and amiable

“The question is one of great importance to shillings; or taking the number of working man breathed his last, on the 15th April. the parties interested in the canals between Lon- days to be 312 annually, something under These are the principal facts which have yet don and Birmingham, as on the truth or falsity 21. 4s. 3d. per day, or about 1ld, per mile. The reached this country, and they have been transof the calculations of the promoters of the rail- actual cost of carrying from eighty to one hun- mitted by Col. Nichols,

overnor of Fernando way, must depend the continuance of a consider- dred persons a distance of thirty miles, (the Po, to the Admiralty. Letters had been reable portion of the revenue of the Canal Pro- length of the Liverpool railway,) at a velocity of ceived from Mr. Coulthurst of so late a date as prietors, and the very existence of the trade or nearly ten miles an hour, on the Paisley canal, the 22d March, full of hope, and with a cheering occupation of the Canal Fly-boat carriers. Un- one of the most curved, narrow, and shallow account of his health. less the London and Birmingham Railway Com- canals in Britain, is therefore just 11. 7s. 6d. Mr. Coulthurst was, we believe, the son of pany obtain possession, not only of the whole sterling. Such are the facts, and incredible as Coulthurst, Esq. of Sandyway, revenue or tolls paid to the trustees on turnpike they may appear, they are facts which no one wich, in Cheshire. He was educated at Eton roads with a portion of the canal tolls, and the who inquires can possibly doubt. * * *

and Oxford, where he took a very honourable entire income and profit of the carriers and coach- "The result of this experiment on the Liver- degree, and was subsequently called to the bar. masters on these roads and canals, no return pool railway has been somewhat different from some interesting particulars of the route of the whatever could be obtained from their outlaid that on the Ardrossan canal. On the railway, intended expedition were published, on the best capital.

indeed, the expected velocities have been fully authority, in the Atheneum of the 11th February "The Railway Company take it for granted | attained, and the calculations of the engineer, I last, No. 224.

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