صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني

Journal of English and foreign Literature, Science, and the Fine Arts.

No. 263.



| This Journal is published every Saturday Morning, and is despatched by the early Coaches to Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Dublin, Glasgow, Edinburgh,

and other large Towns; it is received in Liverpool for distribution on Sunday Morning, twelve hours before papers sent by the post. For the convenience of persons
residing in remote placés, the weekly numbers are issued in Monthly Parts, stitched in a wrapper, and forwarded with the Magazines to all parts of the World.

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vote for a director. There are, in all, 2,658 | share. On examining the lists of writers

votes, and they are thus curiously divided : who went from Haileybury College for the
The Political, Commercial, and Financial
Members of Parliament, private gentlemen, last five years, we perceive 3 sons of noble-

men, 8 sons of baronets, 14 sons of clergymen,
Condition of the Anglo-Eastern Empire, in bankers, merchants, &c. 1836 votes ; married
1832: an Ånalysis of its Home and Foreign women, widows, and spinsters, 372 votes; 8 sons of directors, 30 sons of the Company's

officers in the King's and Company's service, civil servants, and 22 of the Company's mili-
Governments, and a Practical Examination
of the Doctrines of Free Trade and Coloni-

222 votes ; bishops, rectors, and curates, 86 tary servants. When we consider that the
sation, with Reference to the Renewal or

votes; officers of His Majesty's Navy, 28 directors have strong family claims; that Modification of the Hon. East India Com

votes; English, Irish, and Scotch Peers, 20 numbers of meritorious officers have no pany's Charter.

fortunes and clever sons, and that many of By the Author of The

votes; and doctors and surgeons 19 votes.

The Court of Directors is composed of 24
Past and Present State of the Tea Trade

the Company's servants in the east, have
of England, and of the Continents of Eu- proprietors of India stock to the amount of been cheered in their arduous duties, by the
rope and America, &c.' London: Parbury,

not less than 2,0001. each: of these, in the prospect of provision being made for their Allen & Co.

year 1831, nine were retired civil or law children—if their merits entitled them to it,

officers of the company; 4 military officers we cannot see that the directors have been That the East India Company are masters of ditto; 5 maritime commanders of ditto ; partial in their patronage.

Nay, many
of the fairest portion of India---that they won 4 private Indian merchants, and 8 London orphans and others, whose misfortunes and
this fine empire in a series of wars waged bankers. More than twenty of these had merits were their chief claim, have received,"
against their European enemies and the na- an extensive practical knowledge of Indian says our author, “appointments from donors,
tive princes—that they have maintained and affairs, and seven were Members of Parlia- whose names they have never yet learned,
extended their power by measures sometimes ment. This Court enjoys full authority over and to whom they were perfect strangers."
bold and sometimes gentle--sometimes fierce all matters at home and abroad, relating to Our Indian army is officered, and our
and sometimes merciful--and that they are the political, financial, judicial, military, and Courts of Judicature maintained by a yearly
kind and generous to their servants, and rank commercial affairs of the Company, subject, supply of military cadets and writers, who
high amongst the merchant princes of the however, to limitations by Acts of Parlia- are educated at the great seminaries of Hai-
earth, we required no one to tell us. It has, | ment, and the superintendence of the Board | leybury and Addiscombe. Of the former of
however, been the pleasure of our author to of Control. The Court again is divided into these establishments, our author informs us,
recapitulate all this, and in a style which is 14 Committees, called as follows:-1. Secret “ The civil service of India, from which the
little to our liking, and in a strain much too Committee, 2. Correspondence ditto, 3. Trea-executive, financial, judicial, and commercial
triumphant and overbearing. Although we sury ditto, 4. Government troops and stores departments are supplied, from the provincial
dislike his style, and doubt many of his con- ditto, 5. Legal proceedings ditto, 6. Military magistracy to a seat at the Council Board (or
clusions, we are not insensible to the value ditto, 7. Accounts ditto, 8. Buying ditto, 9. sometimes to the governor-generalship), origi-
of his statements : in these there is a fullness, Warehouses ditto, 10. India House ditto, nates principally from the students of Hailey-
an accuracy, and a desire to make no reser- 11. Shipping ditto, 12. Private Trade ditto, bury College, an establishment founded by the
vation, which will win many readers to his 13. Civil College ditto, 14. Military College supply of men qualified to fill the important

East India Company for the better and surer
volume, and do no small service to the na- ditto.
tion, so far as regards the East India Com- The Home Patronage of the Court of Direc- when transplanted to shores where the happi-

duties which devolve on an English official,
tors is shared, in some degree, with the

ness or misery of millions depends upon his
The author, having explained in what man- Government Board of Control; its annual talent, his integrity, and moral firmness of cha-
ner this empire has been acquired and kept, value was calculated by the Westminster

The students at Haileybury, who must and delivered a dissertation on the character Review, at 600,0001.: that this is overrating enter between the ages of sixteen and twenty, and condition of the native tribes of India, the patronage of the Court prodigiously, are classed in four successive terms of six showing, that they are a people jealous in there can be little doubt; indeed, without months each ; two entire days in every week matters of civil policy, domestic manners, and openly charging the directors with violating are given to Oriental literature, and part of religion, proceeds to give us an analysis of solemn oaths, and forgetting all the trusts

other days. There are four European departe the Home Government of India, consisting of reposed in them, no one can pretend to put

ments ; seven months in the year are devoted the Courts of Proprietors, Directors, and Board a value on their power. Only one member

to lectures on various subjects; for instance, a of Control. There are, in all, 3,579 Pro- has been charged with corruptly bestowing receives in three terms from seventy to eighty

student who remains two years at the college, prietors, and 6,000,0001

. of stock. The holder his patronage; and we, of our own knowledge; hours of law tuition, and altogether ninety of 5001. in stock is entitled to a seat in the know that the Court of Directors, as well hours; he is instructed in elemental knowledge Court of Proprietors, and has liberty to speak collectively as individually, have done acts of on the limits between morals and law, political and give or withhold his assent regarding any kindness and generosity, which might be and civil rights; in the English and Mahomeasures proposed: the holder of 1,0001. examples even to Royal governments. The medan criminal law, and on the law of evidence; stock has, in addition to these powers, a patronage of the Court consists of civil, the moral and legal obligations of government vote for a Director: the holder of 3,0001. military, and naval appointments for India; are also inculcated; the laws affecting property, two votes: the holder of 6,0001. three votes, and, taking the average of the last five years, promises and contracts, and the obligations and all who hold from 10,0001. to 100,0001. the amount will be, of writers, 40; of engi- arising from public and private relations, are have four votes. To hinder corruption and neers and artillery officers, 67; of cavalry carefully taught, as well as the classics, matheprevent collusive transfers of stock, or pur- officers, 15; of infantry officers, 125 ; of matics, and in fact every branch of education bases to create votes for the moment, no pro- assistant surgeons, 56; and of naval officers

which can be requisite for a statesman on the

most extensive field of action. prietor can vote unless he has held the amount and others, 30. The Board of Control sent

“The ablest masters in every language, Euroof stock for twelve months. No proxy. is per- out to India during the last five years, 22

pean or Asiatic, are employed at the college : mitted, and minors are incapable. There are writers, 63 military cadets, and 16 assistant

for Sanscrit as well as Greek, Persian as well 45 proprietors, with four votes each, 50 with surgeons: of all presentations, the writerships as Latin, and Hindoostanee and Bengallee as three, 370 with two, 1502 with one, and 221 are the most valuable, and the Board of Con- well as French and Italian, are sedulously culhold only 5001. each, and can debate, but not ! trol seems to have had morethan its proper ţivated; the most learned professors of philo,

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1827 ......

sophy are also in attendance, and every day, | Presidencies. These are officered partly by before a single paper dare be printed; then a except Sunday, there are lectures."

the King and partly by the Company: there stamp duty of fourpence on each paper; after Every student pays 100 guineas per annum, are 95 officers of engineers, 358 artillery

that a tax on the very paper itself; and after

that again, three shillings and sixpence on each and costs the Company in addition, 1171., officers, 463 cavalry officers, 3,276 infantry

advertisement! Two years imprisonment for before he is ready to sail for India. All who officers; on the staff 383, in the medical are acquainted with this seminary, know department 590; making in all, including libel; and confinement in Horsemonger Gael

on bread and water, with an addition of gruel how useful it is in preparing the civil servants the commissariat, and warrant officers of

to ward off the cholera, for presuming to sell an of the Company for the proper discharge of artillery, 5,531 ; of whom, 752 are in the

unstamped paper. In India no penalty bonds their duties in the East. The military semi- King's service. Of native officers there

are required, no sureties, no stamps, no excised nary of Addiscombe is equally useful in are 525 in the cavalry, and 3,126 in the

paper, no advertisement duty; yet England educating officers :infantry—there are but 12 engineers; in boasts of the glorious freedom of the press!"

If the East India Company had pursued a simi. “This establishment, when full, consists of all

, however, there are 4,542, of whom 573 150 cadets; who pay 651. the first year, and

are medical men. The native troops in lar course in India, there would have been a 501, the second, the extra 151. being for the

our service are Hindoos and Mahometans; pretry hue and cry throughout the land. There purpose of supplying them with uniform and they are mixed in every regiment, and in is certainly a power vested in the governments accoutrements. The young men are selected discipline, cleanliness, and sobriety, they of India of sending out of the country any from the most respectable families of the three are, says our author, unsurpassed by any person whose actions tend to disturb the peace kingdoms, in the same manner as the civil ser- other troops. The native artillerymen make

of the country, whether by means of writing in vants; it frequently happening that one brother it a point of honour to be cut down at their

a newspaper or by any other method." embarks in the one service, and the other in its guns rather than desert them; wherever a On education, which is closely connected, opposite. They are educated in strict military British officer will lead, it has rarely or for good or evil, with the press, the author discipline, as well as in the oriental languages; never been found that his sepoys will not says: are expected to be grounded in the classics, and

follow. be acquainted with at least one continental

" It was stipulated at the last renewal of the European modern language. The officers of the author discusses the matter of the Com

In the chapter on free trade with India, charter, that 10,0001. should be annually de. the college consist of some of the oldest and

voted from the surplus territorial revenue of most experienced of the Company's army, and pany's monopoly, and the propriety of open- India to the purpose of education ; by the folthe public examiner is Col. A. Dickson, of the ing the charter to all his Majesty's subjects. fowing extract from a parliamentary return in

1832 (No. 7), it will be seen that the company Royal Artillery. This gentleman visits the Were India like any other country under the college from time to time, to mark the progress sun-more particularly European countries

have doubled, and in some years trebled the of the cadets, and see when they are fit to be there could not be one moment's doubt in

amount laid down in the Act, although there brought forward for an examination. There is the matter; but our empire there is held

was no surplus revenue in India. no fixed period for their remaining at college, by opinion rather than force — by refined

1824 £21,884 1828.. · £35,841 but if after two years any cadet does not evince policy rather than the terror of our horse

1825 .66,563 | 1829... 38,076 talents which it is thought will further develope and foot; and many well-informed persons

.27,412 | 1830......

44,830 themselves in six months, his friends are re

. 45,313 are of opinion that an unrestrained intercommended to withdraw him. The cadets get

course would, while it increased individual “ As an instance of the efforts making for the their appointments as soon as qualified; but

wealth, sap
national power.

This let the

diffusion of intelligence throughout the British by Act of Parliament they cannot proceed to India before they are sixteen years of age.

wise in such matters discuss; the tables of dominions, I may quote the testimony before Their appointments to different branches of import and export contained in this chapter, Parliament of the Hon. Holt Mackenzie, who the service are undeviatingly made in consewill supply them with the materials of specu- the Bengal Government have established a col

states that since the renewal of the last charter, quence of inerit, and the examinations are con

lation, and they will see for themselves whe- lege at Calcutta for the Hindoos, and reformed ducted unconnected with the masters who have ther our commercial intercourse with India very much the old Moslem College; that colhad the instruction of the cadets ; if a lad is has been improved since the partial opening leges have been established at Delli and Agra, unable to stand the mathematical tests for the of the trade. Of printed books there are less | for both Hindoos and Moslems; the Hindoo Artillery or Engineers, but evinces much gene exported than formerly; and to this we may college at Benares has been reformed; at the ral talent and diligence, then he is recom- add, that the Hindoos have not become par- several institutions it has been the object of mended for the Infantry. On leaving Addis

tial to European clothing, as was anticipated Government to extend the study of the English combe, the engineer cadets go to Chatham to finish their education in sapping and mining ing off, and the same may be said of many --the importation of woollens has been fall- language, and good books have been supplied,

&c.; that seminaries have been established in under Colonel Pasley. The grounds around other articles.

different parts of the country, and schools es. Addiscombe are laid out with redoubts, guns,

The chapter on the Indian press gives us

tablished by individuals have been aided by &c. for the purpose of practice ; and the pains

Government." taken for the formation of good soldiers have

many curious details; there are thirty-three been eminently the cause of success in the newspapers and other periodical works in Our space will not allow us to these

pursue Indian artillery, &c."

Bengal alone, conducted by Englishmen; of inquiries farther. Though the author has

these, five are daily political papers, six are written his work more in the spirit of a parWe have ourselves witnessed the anxious daily commercial ditto, two are tri-weekly tizan than we like, we cannot quarrel with labours of the various professors, and the ditto, three duo-weekly ditto, eight weekly his arithmetic; nor, indeed, with many patient firmness and gentlemanly mildness ditto, six monthly journals

, two quarterlies, his remarks. It will, we suspect

, be found of Col. Houston ; nor have we been uninter- and two annuals. No duty was imposed on infinitely more difficult to make extensive ested in the studies of the cadets : it was no

these newspapers when the stamp law was en- changes in India than some of our friends hasty review of their merits, which made the

forced within the Presidency, and the postage inagine ; that country is in a ticklish state; Duke of Wellington say, that the young en

upon them was reduced one half. A Cal. Russia, notwithstanding her distance, regards gineers and artillery officers of Addiscombe,

cutta newspaper is carried 1000 miles for it as a more easy prey than she does the surpassed those of like standing in the royal three-pence; and

when any one commences nations of Europe; fifteen millions of Mahoarmy. The average expense of each cadeton

a new journal, the government sends the medans are ready to draw the sword and this fine establishment, is 981., or nineteen

first number, free of postage, into any quar- put their feet in the stirrup on slight prepounds less than that of the writers at Hai

ter of Hindostan the proprietor chooses. The tences; the native soldiers, too, may well be leybury.

scientific periodical of Captain Herbert goes doubled; nay, on several occasions, the The army, to which those young men fur- free everywhere. Of native papers there are European portion of the army has shown nish a regular supply of officers

, is immense; ten; some are in Persian, some in Bengalee, such spirit regarding changes as the wise the territory over which they have to be

some in Hindoostanee, and one in broken should respect. We hope, however, that spread is large ; and the frontier, reaching English. Of the restrictions upon the press something will be done which, without hurtfrom Bombay on the left, to Bengal on the the author says:

ing individual rights, or putting our domiright, is extensive, and peopled, too, by many

" Those who complain so loudly of the Indian nions to hazard, may meet the wishes of all warlike nations,

There are of engineers authorities on this score, should look at home parties, 1,062, of artillery 16,962, of cavalry 19,539, and ask themselves what are the restrictions on of infantry 169,617, and of invalids 10,496; the press in the free city of London? Numemaking in all, 217,698 men, in the three rous sureties, and penalty bonds of 5001, each,

of re

The Life of Andrew Marvell, the celebrated | writers, or fatigued with the smartness of the imagination and deep feeling, in lieu of clear

Patriot; with Extracts and Selections moderns. How, with so much nature and sense and judgment. The world, in its comfrom his Prose and Poetical Works. By imagination, Marvell could at times be so mon-place book, has a well-known note on John Dove. London : Simpkin & Mar- unnatural; or how, with so much of artifice this subject; but nothing of the kind holds shall.

and epigram in the construction of his verse, good with dramatic writers. Whatever should This is a mere compilation, clumsily overlaid he could soar so high, remains to us a pro- be found in human nature, in its best state, with disjointed extract, and without any atblem.

and matured by wisdom and extensive knowtempt at character. It has been got up with

There is a fine flavour in the verses of ledge, must be found in them, or they fail in

Andrew Marvell : his stanzas on the a blunt pair of scissors and inadhesive paste.

the very end and purpose of their office. mote Bermoodas"_his lines about the Fawn We have established our canon;-a right Still it is pleasant in its subject—very small and portable--and we recommend it to our

-his address to his Coy Mistress--his sa- one, we believe, but not a severe one,--there readers. It does not seem to have been

tires on Holland-his Drop of Dew'- being no severity, properly speaking, in truth. intended to throw light on history, and where he speaks of

Mower's Song,' &c.; and those rhymes In bringing, however, an individual author it succeeds in its non-intention)--but to

to such a test, it is a question, whether he illumine Yorkshiremen. “ The Biographical

The discipline severe

ought to be judged by his relative, or his

Of Fairfax and the starry Vere! Memoir,” says the compiler, “ now submitted

actual approach to it. One of the chief cirto the public, was intended to have com

are all most delightful. We are not aware cumstances which separate the literary men

that there is any poet closely resembling menced a series lives, to be published

of ages like our own, from those of grander under the title of “The Worthies of York-. the two extremes of nature and artifice al- | alluded to. The noble spirits of old were bent

Andrew Marvell. Perhaps Waller mingles periods, is derived from the distinction here shire and Lancashire'; for which a prospectus

most as completely as he ; but, notwithstand- on being great, from the belief in that finest was issued last March."

ing his greater reputation, we hold Marvell of philosophical themes, that greatness is a Now, that Andrew Marvell, who, in his

to be the greater poet, and, beyond all ex- something, and not a mere quality of relation. lifetime, figured as a poet and a patriot, pression, the greater man. If this be so, is In these days, a notion of this kind could should come to be noticed at last, merely it not an unjust destiny that (with at least scarcely be made intelligible to the world ; because he was a Yorkshiremun, is certainly equal merit as a poet,) the high-minded and literary men partaking in the general one of the curious chances which the lottery thinker and pure patriot, should have earned error, it is very seldom a book presents suffiof life presents to us. Marvell has always a smaller name in literature than the com- cient signs of merit,—that is, of pure intellecranked, indeed, as an eminent man, in the monplace man and the courtly turncoat ? tual force,-to call for a consideration of more minds of those who studied our political his

that its comparative worth. When the extory, or descended from such grave studies

treme difficulty of dramatic poetry is taken to waste an occasional hour amongst those Becket: an Historical Tragedy: and other

into account, examples of striking excellence pleasant idlers, the older poets. But these Poems. London: Moxon.

in this class will be still more rarely looked have not been many; and the probability is, A man may be an excellent poet, and yet for; and our sentence will generally be foundthat the fame of Marvell will be considerably unable to write dramatic poetry. Many ed on the formulæ—'this is better,' or 'this extended by this publication. He will now

qualifications are required for that species of is even worse than what we usually meet be known as an “eminent Yorkshireman"!

composition which may be dispensed with in with. He will be discussed at Doncaster during

others. To imagination, must be added ex- The poems before us, have indisputably a the races; he will be heard of amidst the

perience; that intuitive knowledge of the heart right to the former award; and had we not cakes at Pontefract;-even the assizes at

natural to all true poets, must have been formed high and stern notions respecting the York will not pass without due mention of confirmed by the actual knowledge of life; species of composition on which the author his name; and the waters of Harrogate will

and the power over language must be every has ventured, the morality of his sentiments, grow sweeter as his verses are recited at day increased by an enlargement of the facul- the occasional beauty of his diction, and the that famous spring. Formerly, as we well ties, out of which language is itself created. pathos which especially characterizes some remember, (for a curious sheet of devices

We speak not here of the greater intensity of of the minor pieces, would have tempted us was hung up, with the hams, in our uncle's thought and feeling necessary, when they into a stronger expression of approbation. kitchen, detailing the qualifications of the

are intended to inspire, not merely the poet's Becket may well claim the attention of poemen of York,) manual dexterity and prac

own heart with stronger passion, but to give tical readers. The interest it inspires is not tical acuteness were the only heights to unreal forms the likeness of the kingly crown an intense one, but it engages the mind, and which a Yorkshireman's fancy ever scared. of life. This is a question of degree, and fixes it without intermission on the subject. If he could bishop a horse, or play the sharp refers to the natural constitution of the poet's Boldness is not a characteristic of the author's to an undoubted Hat, it was enough. Hence- mind. The qualifications of which we have style; but his cautious delineations leave disforth, however, we shall have " canny York- spoken as peculiarly needful to the dramatic tinct impressions respecting persons and shire" ambitious of hailing amongst her proud writer, must be superadded to those of his events described : and though he has not names that of the patriot Marvell. It may natural genins, however great and elevated. exercised that power of magical concentrahave some effect even in the elections, when

Nature forbids one faculty of the mind to tion, after which the dramatist, whose moever the balance of popularity shall be sus

perform that of another. To imagine well ments should be ingots of thought, ought to pended between a Tory and a Whig ;--and and rapidly, can never atone for å want of strive, he has shown what a sedate mind by why not ? ---the influence of a great name nice discrimination; and then, since know- calm poetical reflection may effect. We shall (and Marvell's is an undoubted great one,) ledge, experience, profound judgment, and a now endeavour to illustrate what we have ought to survive, and does survive, from minute acquaintance with the human world said ; taking our first extract from the scene generation to generation. Its virtue is

are necessary, those powers of mind which in which Becket and the King become reconpowerful as well as beautiful. It is not ail are necessary to their acquisition, must be

ciled:* sound and fury signifying nothing"; but kept in constant exercise. But it so happens,

Often my heart melts for thee. is, as it ought to be, a help, as wellas a mark that the poetical temperament is, in itself,

King flenry. Couldst thou persuade me that

Oh, Becket! Becket! to aim at, for after-coming men, when they / unfavourable to their developement; and it is Were not those days sweet-let thy heart reply, struggle for popular distinction, or tread equally the case, that the two classes of en

If, as thy words import, it is not yet

Quite frozen by that breath of bad ambition their quiet and studious way to renown. dowments are rarely found together. Hence Which seeks to set apart and tyrannize

The pleasantest portion of the little volume it is, that the appearance of dramatic genius Men's souls-when we two lived as creatures born before us, is that which contains • Selections

Of the same mother, in the self-same hour? is such an unfrequent occurrence, and that

When we, laying aside our state, but not, from Marvell's Poems,'--though the selector they who possess it, may fairly be regarded We trust, our dignity, and thou relying has no accurate notion of the poet's region

On consciousness of worth and confidence as the most perfectly constituted of human

Of love, our sports, our meals, our studies-almost of power. His verse, which is both artificial beings. In proportion to their excellency, Our inmost thoughts and hopes-we shared together t and natural, quaint and easy, and as full of all the powers of their minds, together with Becket. With thee it rests-nor were the achieve. sentiment as of wit, constitutes, as it were, the whole system of their passions and sym

Once more to make us to each other all a pleasant paradox, delightful to all lovers pathies, are beautifully balanced. With other We e'er have been, and to the troubled world of poetry-a relief to them unutterable, when poets, a plan of compensation seems discover

Give peace.

King H. What wouldst thou ? oppressed by the sublimity of the older I able. They almost appear to have received Becket.

Utter but one word,


ment hard

King H. Speak for us.
Against the land, which curbs, but cannot all

criminately everything that has not in his eyes Becket.

Say but, RETURN IN PEACE; Subdue its strength, here paused: they laid them down For I am placable, and ask do more.

the weight and authority of reason. Börne reAnd slept together, beautifully twined. Respect in me the Church and her just rights.

I said, the round hills girt this valley in :

spects the belief of all, and tolerates innocent King H. Body and soul have we been torn a part Yet somewhere they gave way to a young stream, prejudices. Weitzel rejects all ideas of uniBy this rank feud : the day that sees it healed

Which sportively, and with pure,

musical foot, Will we make holy in the calendar.

formity in the purely intellectual world, and Danced down through roots and rocks; then sunk -- Be't, in God's name--we ask thee back to England.

even consecrates prejudices, when they contri

to rest, And, for thy lands and living, by my life Like a play-wearied child. But, of his birth

bute to the happiness of mankind. He is even No sordid reckoning shall mar atonement. He made a deep and shadowy mystery,

of opinion that, in matters of morality and reTouching the offence of our son's coronation,

Covering the gushings of his infant strength We know thou lovest him ; nor canst thou forget

ligion, there are no errors, except such as make With leaves and buds, branch-wood and blossomed "T'was our dear wish thou shouldst so : to which end


man more depraved and miserable. This is, We gave the training of his youth to thee. Without one penetrable point to foot

indeed, a noble, but it is also a dangerous sysHe loves thee too; and, for your mutual love,

Or eye. On either side his waters, stood We freely pardon this rebellious league.

tem of belief, in the present day, when the great Downwards from where the current gentlier grew Restored with honour to your Kentish towers, A row of ashes, ivy-twined and gray

and powerful are so ready to avail themselves There shall the crown of England on his head With lichen tufts; and up, and out, they shot

of every error and prejudice of the lower classes, Be once more set by your hand. Their many arms, fantastically far

for tlie purpose of leading them blindfolded. [Becket attempts to kneel-the King So far, that they made dusk at nonntide hour,

Heine and Börne turn the present time to profit raises him.

Full half-way to the margin. And above,
But, remember,
They circled, crescent-like, and gathered in,

- Weitzel looks to the future. Like Rousseau, We'll have our bishops and our lords absolved And fenced from all the world this fairy spot.

when Weitzel, with powerful hand, seizes his Ere thou depart, or ne'er see Canterbury. Becket. It shall be done.

To the opinion we have already given of

opponent, he thinks to crush him at a single King H. Enough! enough!-Now let us, the writer's ability, we may add, that his

blow, and indignantly throws him to a distance. Forgetting, as if such things ne'er had been, The unkindnesses of intervening years, good taste has prevented his falling into the

Poisonous repuiles, however, are endowed with

great tenacity of life, of which Borne and Renew on both sides the old confidence. errors which so frequently mar our cotempo

Heine are well convinced; and therefore, like I [The King takes Becket by the hand, and leads him towards the Barons, &c. rary poetry, and which it requires the highest

Voltaire, they do not quit them until they have species of creative genius to render in any seen them reduced to their native dust. Weitzel But the most effective, perhaps, in the degree excusable.

is too early prodigal of his good seed; while his poem, is the scene between Queen Eleanor

friends, on the contrary, are busy ploughing up and De Barre, when the latter comes to inform her of the death of her son, on whom Die Völkerfrühling und seine Verkünder: which would otherwise stifle its fairest and

and preparing the soil. They thin the forest

, she had endeavoured to place the crown :-

The People's Spring-time, and its Heralds.

noblest productions. Eleanor. No more of Becket; let him live or die. By Jordan Brand. Nurnberg.

“ Heine's style has a family resemblance to Let him o'erthrow the state, and in its ruins

Freedom! freedom! is the universal cry, from that of Börne. Börne's agrees occasionally with Perish!- I have no further interest In what men do or suffer upon earth ;

the Grampians to the Quralian mountains; Weitzel, in some points; but the style of the No further stake in England, if thy tale and all the guilty successes of the Russians

latter resembles neither of the former. Each Be true, and he is dead indeed. will not be able to stifle it. Warsaw, indeed,

bears his own peculiar character on his fore• De Barre.

His sickness Eleanor. Tell me not of disease. Was he not young, has fallen--for a season ; but it were to

head, and his words correspond with his appearVigorous, and beautiful? How should such die abandon all our best hopes of man and of

ance. To humanity, -appealing with anguished l'll not believe But some of you have murdered my bright boy. his destinies, to doubt that it will again, and

countenance and supplicating look - Heine ap. De B. Madam, he died in his bed. ere long, be the proud capital of a free people.

pears only to reply by mockery and indifferEleanor,

ence; Börne conceals his excitement, which is, So many men have,

The little work before us is a glowing defence That died no natural death. Improbable falsehood,

nevertheless, intense; Weitzel is not ashamed And ill compacted !--Fevered by remorse! of free principles, and of some of their most ar

of appearing what he really is, deeply affected; Remorse? for that, to avenge a mother's injuries, dent defenders in the author's native country nor can he always restrain a sudden burst of And challenge his own right, he dared oppose

-Germany: “ La revolution fera le tour du A tyrant in an honourable war?

indignation. Heine casts his regard around; De B. I've said the truth.

monde,” is a text on which he founds his firm with penetrating eye searches the weaknesses Eleanor.

Tell me, old knight-remember, belief, because he is of opinion that the French and follies of man and of society, and applies We are a Queen still, though a prisoner, And may find means to give thee golden thanks

revolution contained the elements of an im- his scalpel fearlessly and remorselessly to the Was it my husband that did poison him ? proved state of society, adapted to the en

festering sore. He is the man of the presentage. De B. Pardon me, lady, if I take my leave :

The look of Börne is directed forwards to fulu. I see this news hath been too much for you.

lightened races of modern Europe--whether I did not think she had loved earthly thing they inhabit the frozen regions of Russia, the

rity: his eye is quick and piercing; and at his So keenly as this frantic grief denotes. (A.side.

uplifted arm the servile crowds around the temperate clime of England, or the ardent soil Eleanor. Well, sir, I see that you are faithfui still

throne, and beneath it, tremble with fear. The To one that's all unfaithfulness to me. of Italy. But our author's principal object is to

third, with his sword pointed downwards, averts "I'were fit I should believe. You have opened, make more widely known the great merits of his gaze from the present scene, and turning to By this sad tale, to my distracted soul,

three of his living countrymen-Heine, Börne, Shut from the world, an ample world-of grief.

the far-distant past, sadly feeds the sympathies I might through weariness have dashed niyself

and Weitzel, who, although distinguished by of his all-grasping heart, with images of shadowy Against the walls of this dull prison-honse,

very striking peculiarities of mental dispo- antiquity. Börne calls to the field-Heine As the caged bird gores its own breast for freedom; But you have brought me argument to live,

sition, possess, in common, a most heart- rushes into the fight with sword and daggerAnd thank these solitary dungeon glooms,burning detestation of tyranny and oppres

Weitzel hurls his spear amid the conflict, but That leave me at full leisure to be wretched,

has lost all hope of victory:

*When the first sion in every shape, and whose long unTo waste myself in weeping for my child, And utter curses on mine enemies.

noticed, but persevering efforts, are at last speaks, we listen to him with fear and astonishDe B. Take comfort, madam. beginning to bear fruit in the awakened and

ment; while the second is addressing us, we Eleanor.

Sir; and so I shall: Despuir shall bring it me.

suspend our breath in anxious expectation; and I am resolved delighted attention of their own country

the third makes us tremble. • * Oh, that they Back from the tearless and indignant queen,

men. For the most part, they do not go would unitedly raise their voices for the deliver. To all the weeping helplessness of woman.

directly to work in their attacks on the citadel -You've done your thankless office, sir; and we

ance of their father-land from the chains of Do thank you not. Leave us- with our ailiction. of corruption, but, with all the powers of moral and political debasement from the do

wit, learning, and argument, while seeming minion of night—and announce to the world Among the minor poems, we may name

to diverge, they still keep in view their grand the Bard's Apotheosis, and the Portrait, as

the approach of the people's spring-time!" pleasing us most: from the latter, we extract object; and such is the mastery of the assail

This concluding aspiration of Mr. Brand the following, as a specimen of the author's ants, that the render, from being delighted will be cordially echoed by every one who

and amused, concludes by becoming an ardent wishes to see the native country of the printpowers of description :

disciple. "That ralley was a Paradise on earth.

Börnet and Heine are both young men,

ing-press enjoying its utmost blessings.

of It was scooped, bay-like, deep into the hills, Which girded it about, save to the east,

the Jewish persuasion : Weitzel is advanced And there it met the sea ; not with the frown

in years, and has long held the situation of Journal of the Geographical Society of LonOf rocks, as to repel an enemy,

head librarian at Wiesbaden. We shall trans- don. Vol. II. London : Murray. But with such gradual, wooing gentleness Of sunny-green descent as scarce could tire late our author's clever, but somewhat Ger

We have read this Journal with a double The level-gliding sea-maids, when they troop

man summary of the style and manner of pleasure--pleasure arising from the interest To bathe their ivory limbs in the smooth air. You might have worshipped Peace there, for the the trio. winds “ Heine, with the weapons of argument, as

of the work itself, and a little allowable satisThe invisible tenants of the solitude well as of contemptuous scorn, attacks indis- ceedings of the Society, and the papers read

faction at finding that our reports of the proCame but in zephyrs, dropping playfully, To spatch a little odour; aud the war

+ Scc Atheneum, No. 222, and 223. The everlasting war-of the loud sea

at its meetings, have been generally full and

of the country

feel tolling.

accurate. We have now only a few extracts The only products of the country of any / stream, the breadth is so great, and the wooded to make, and our first will be from a dispatch value at present are its timber, which is inex- | islands so numerous, that it appears as if we received from Lieut.-Governor Stirling, com- haustible and of excellent quality, and its grasses, navigated a large lake. The Dutch in former municated by Lord Goderich, while the work which afford feed of superior quality for sheep, times had cotton, indigo, and cocoa estates up was passing through the press, and which

horses, and cattle. There is a good species of the Essequibo, beyond their capital, Kykoveral, contains the

tobacco and perennial flax, similar to the kind on an island at the forks or junction of the three Latest Oficinl Accounts from Swan River.

usually cultivated in Eu pe; but these are rivers. Now, beyond the islands at the mouth 2d April, 1832.-The only portion of Wes

yet only valuable as indicative of the capabilities of the Essequibo there are no estates, and the tern Australia which has been of the soil.

mighty forest has obliterated all traces of former any way examined or explored is inclosed in the accompanying have

been kept at King George's Sound

and at hand, not a vestige of the dwellings of the Holly

“For some time back registers of the weather cultivation. Solitude and silence are on either map of reference, which will afford, at a view, a general idea of the routes and discoveries of the Perth ; and hereafter it will be possible to ascer- landers being to be seen; and only occasionally principal exploring parties. It will not be re- tain with precision the ranges of the temperature, in struggling through the entangled brushwood quisite for me to enter into the details of the the barometrical pressure, and the degree of one stumbles over a marble tombstone brought reports which have been made to me on these moisture in these districts, compared with other from the shores of the Zuyderzee. matters ; but I shall endeavour to give a general cience of the

climate of the Swan River district

, ohjects of great interest. The dense and nearly

countries. At present, after three years' expe- “At every turn of the river we discovered sketch of the information which we possess relative to the soils, the surface, the supply of it may be said to be exceptionable only in the impenetrable forest itself occupied our chief water, the climate , and the indigenous products months of January, February, and March, when attention ; magnificent trees, altogether new to

the heat and drought are as disagreeble as they us, were anchored to the ground by bush-rope, "The coast from Gantheaume Bay on the

can be without affecting health. The district of convolvuli, and parasitical plants of every west to Doubtful Island Bay on the south, in- King George's Sound being exposed to southerly variety. The flowers of these cause the woods cluding the several islets and rocks, present the

winds in summer, and frequently visited by to appear as if hung with garlands. Pre-eminent remarkable calcareous substance which has showers, is the most cquable, perhaps, in the above the others was the towering and majestic been supposed to exist in no other place than world, and the most temperate. The heat on Mora, its trunk spread out into buttresses; on on the shores of New Holland and on those of

the west coast is certainly intense, and the mos- its top would be seen the king of the vultures Sicily. Although it serves in general as a kind quitos, which abound there in summer, are expanding his immense wings to dry after the of edging to this part of the continent, it is ocserious evils in their way, and have caused some dews of night.

The very peculiar and romantic casionally interrupted by the protrusion of dislike to this part of country as a place of resi- cry of the bell-bird, or campanero, would be granite and trap, and it is in some places dence. But notwithstanding these and other heard at intervals ; it is white, about the size covered by sand. The open downs which it local and trivial objections, the climate, the of a pigeon, with a leathery excrescence on its forms sometimes afford good sheep-keep, and it ports, the position, and extent of the country, forehead, and the sound which it produces in burns into very fine lime; but in general the

are such as fit it to be the seat of a wealthy and the lone woods is like that of a convent-bell soil upon it is of little value. Behind this populous possession of the crown; and sea range of hills, which are sometimes 800 feet justified in saying in this stage of its occupation,

" A craslı of the reeds and brushwood on the in height, and two or three miles in breadth,

that it will not fail to become such, from any river's bank would be followed by a tapir, the there is a low sandy district which appears to natural disqualification of the soil.”

western elephant, coming down to drink and to have had a diluvial origin, as it exhibits occa- Another interesting paper, from which we

roll himself in the mud; and the manati or sionally pebbles and detached pieces of the older rocks, and varies from mere sand to red

shall make an extract, is the account of Capt. river-cow would lift its black bead and small loam and clay. In some parts this sandy dis

Alexander's expedition up the Essequibo. piercing eye above the water to graze on the trict presents considerable portions of very fine

Our original report was, indeed, very full

, from a stage fixed in the water, withi branches

leaves of the corridore tree. They are shot soil, and in no part is it absolutely sterile. The and contains some interesting information

of their favourite food hanging from it; one of banks of the rivers, which flow through it, are omitted in the Journal of the Society, as not

twenty-two cwt. was killed not long ago. High of the richest description of soil, and although being purely geographical:

up the river, where the alluvium of the estuary a large portion would not pay for cultivation at "My purpose was now to proceed up the is changed for white sandstone, with occasionally the present price of labour, it is not unfit for noble Essequibo river towards the El Dorado black oxide of manganese, the fish are of deli. grazing. Out of this sandy plain there occa- of Sir Walter Raleigh, and view the mighty cious flavour; among others, the pacoo, near sionally arise ranges and detached hills of pri- forests of the interior, and the varied and beau- the Falls or Rapids, which is flat, twenty inches mitive formation, the most extensive of which tiful tribes by which they are inhabited. Our long, and weighs four pounds; it feeds on the is the range which bounds the plain on the east residence on the island of Wakenaam had been seed of the arum arborescens, in devouring which or landward side, and extends from the south truly a tropical one. During the night, the tree the Indians shoot it with their arrows: of simicoast between Cape D'Entracasteau and Wilson's frogs, crickets, razor-grinders, reptiles, and in- lar genus are the cartuback, waboory, and amah. Inlet, northward to the 30th degree of latitude. sects of every kind, kept up a continued concert. “The most remarkable fish of these rivers The highest altitude attained by these primitive Atsunrise, when the flowers unfolded themselves, are, the peri or omah, two feet long; its teeth mountains is about 3500 feet, wlrich is supposed the humming birds, with the metallic lustre and jaws are so strong, that it cracks the shells to be the height of Roi Kyncriff, behind King glittering on their wings, passed rapidly from of most nuts to feed on their kernels, and is George's Sound; but the average height may blossom to blossom. The bright yellow and most voracious. Also the genus silurus, the be stated at 1000 feet. To the eastward of the black mocking-birds flew from their pendant | young of which swim in a shoal of one hundred principal of these ranges is an interior country nests, accompanied by their neighbours, the and fifty over the head of the mother, who, on the of a different formation from that on the coast, wild bees, which construct their earthen hives approach of danger, opens her mouth, and thus being of a red loamy character. It appears to on the same tree. The continued rains had

saves her progeny; with the loricaria calicthys, have the lowest portion of its surface about 500 driven the snakes from their holes, and on the or assa, which constructs a nest on the surface feet above the level of the sea, and discharges path were seen the bush-master (conacouchi) of pools from the blades of grass floating about, allits waters westwardly, or southwardly, through unrivalled for its brilliant colours, and the and in this deposits its spawn, which is hatched the range aforesaid. Some of these streams deadly nature of its poison ; and the labari by the sun. In the dry season this remarkable have a constant current, and would afford a equally poisonous, which erects its scales in a fish has been dug out of the gound, for it bursupply of water in the dryest months; and, in frightful manner wlien irritated. The rattlesnake rows in the rains owing to the strength and general, neither the interior nor the country was also to be met with, and harmless tree snakes power of the spine; in the gill-fin and body it near the coast can be said to be badly watered. of many species. Under the river's bank lay is covered with strong plates, and far below tlie

"Such is the imperfect sketch which I am enormous caymen or alligators, -onc lately surface finds moisture to keep it alive. The able to afford of the general surface of the country. killed measured twenty-two feet. Wild deer electric eel is also an inhabitant of these waters, In the quality of its soils it is extremely vari- and the peccari hog were scen in the glades in and has sometimes nearly proved fatal to the able ; but there have been ascertained to exist, the centre of the island ; and the jaguar and strongest swimmer. If sent to England in tubs, by Capt. Bannister, Mr. Dale, and many other cougour (the American leopard and lion) occa- the wood and iron act as conductors, and keep explorers, extensive districts of land of the best sionally swam over from the main land.

the fish in a continued state of exhaustion, kind. And having given that point every at- “We sailed up the Essequibo for an hundred causing, eventually, death: an earthenware jar tention, being fully aware of the great importance miles in a small schooner of thirty tons, and is the vessel in which to keep it in health." of being well assured that there is a sufficiency occasionally took to canoes or coorials to visit the creeks. We then went up a part of the

The of fertile land, I may now express my convic

valuable notes by Mr. Wilkinson, tion, from the reports of others no less than by Mazaroony river, and saw also ihe unexplored

on a Part of the Eastern Desert of Upper my own observations, that there is abundance, Coioony: these three rivers join their waters Egypt, appear to have been read at the second and indeed as large a proportion of it as usually about one hundred miles from the mouth of the meeting of the Society in November 1830, a exists in such extensive territories.

Essequibo. In sailing or paddling up the few days before those arrangements were per


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