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Existence he had drunk, till all
that I am almost led to believe my being em- were obliged to increase their rate of marching, a good general outline of the Mohammedan
It is pleasing to contrast the author's
ing rays of the sun, and all the iniseries of modest preface, with the outrageous puffing * I request that copies of this letter may be excessive thirst. They at length rejoined us,
of his publisher: we regret sincerely, that
such a man as Mr. James should be sub-
jected to the process of offensive daubing,
which is so much the fashion in New Burseded by Colonel Wellesley, he may be in pos- covery; one of our officers having thought pro- lington Street. He must himself he disgusted session of such reasons as you shall think pro- per to climb up the side of the rock, was at beholding this trifle described in terms, per to give for it, that he may be satisfied the shocked by the sight of the corpses of five or which might have suited 'Darnley' or 'Richemeasure was dictated by necessity, and not by six English marines, which the sun had com- lieu,' but which, applied to a collection of tales any want of capacity on my part to fill the pletely dried up. They no doubt had belonged for youth, are equally ridiculous and disgust- , situation.
to His Majesty's frigate Fox, which had some “ I have the honour, &c.
time before landed some men at kosseir; and,
The Bird of the Beeches : in Four Cantos.
London : Smith, Elder & Co.
Noé,'came to pay us a visit at this place, and No man in his sleep could have poured out nowise warrant: we print it for the consola
told us that Colonel Beresford was in want of tion of officers in our service, who may have provisions and water. We immediately des
so many coherent and connected lines as are had the pain of seeing their honours usurped, patched as much of both as we could possibly
strung together in this odd poem; and yet
no man perfectly awake could have penned
pass through the press. How are we to un-
derstand such passages as the following? your report.
them. In the midst of the suffocating heat, So, from traditionary lore, “ The distinguished command for which you only two bottles and a half of water per man,
Sings, or corrupts hearsays before, were selected by the cominander-in-chief, and per dieni, could be spared. But our comrades
A minstrel, or, in palmer's weed,
One not unused to thought and deed.
More swiftly, than the fitting crew
any distress which inight arise to ourit is with regret that he now finds himself com- selves, but gave them all we could spare.
Of fancies print his forehead's bue :
You might have guessed bim by his mien pelied to blame a total want of discretion and Amongst the expedients which it occurred to Some less than forty summers sten; respect in an officer of your high rank and length me to try in order if not to quench, at least to
Yet his looks died the staining seal
Of knowledge's forbidden peel;
moist, and very materially alleviated the dis-
The wine was lees, the lees were gal,
And, ambushed in a garb of peace, that an officer who thinks himself authorized io
We could find many passages recording
Lay coiled a heart but ill at ease; remonstrate with his immediate superior, can
Yet little of the snake it knew, the retreat of Sir John Moore, worthy of ex- Prone to be undone, not undo; never be usefully employed in the army he com
Or, if the fangs unsheathed by stealth,
Drew all the venom to its health.
His soul not sole on books had pored;
Showed music sometimes swelled from mildest;
At once the gentlest and the wildest-
His forehead arched, with few hairs decked,
Not tall, yet with his soul's strength, grew,
Wider and statelier to view, copies of your letter and his reply:--I have the dour, and hearty dislike of favouritism.
Or eye's flame tricked, when flashed his bate, honour to be, Sir, Your very obedient servant,
Or tightning muscles raised his gait, • (Signed) P. A. AGNEW,
Such, in the volume of the look,
Read, who read margins, not the book,
The String of Pearls. By the Author of Him ciphered clear by Him wbo writ
Soul's hieroglyphic manuscript ;
Yet, though plain language spoke his eyes,
His costume savoured of disguise;
Beneath the pilgrim's grey weeds glance
Bright knots that tied his iron thigh
Caught ever and anon the eye,
As loosely to the cittern bent,
Unkenning none, yet by one kent,
Hc flung his feelings from the heart,
Forgetting the dramatic part.
We think the account of the wolf's at-
a knowledge of all the homage due to truth. tempt to destroy the cat, the heroine, quite
a masterpiece in its
Hark! flies bcing's delicious state
'Tis Satan marring God's create-
A monster, foe to joy and sleep,
The wolfish progeny of hell,
Bursts from the wood with howling yell;
Too strong for weakners; force, too shrewd;
Each night, the ruthless tiend's success, that we saw a few straggling stumps of a plant, by which genius tries its strength of wing,
Each day attested his address; the leaves of which were round, and higlily and there are many passages from which the
In vain th-y arm, by trick out-rused;
It vain they watch, to waiching used;
Farpe's babbling tongue his blazon bowled,
And now to Cara’s favonrite seat
work that would bear criticism. It is well The skulking felon steals his feet; ourselves in the valley, and rested ourselves adapted for a Christmas present to young
O'er-reach leers in his twinkle sly
O, how I hate a cunning eye!
The price of this unvalued meat?
The fairest morsel of the world
Or art thou, by the tempter driven,
artists and burgomasters look equal to the worship, where gods of wood or stone had niches To gulp the epitome of heaven?
founding of academies and the establishment of and altars. And, thy gaunt ugliness to balk, Beauty's grim sepulchre to stalk ? empires; and the splendid file of nobles and
* Of the latter kind of landscape the scene Hold, hold, thy Tarquin steps, nor dare
warriors whom he painted during the days of attached to these pages is an example; the O'er chastity's sweet treasure glare;
Charles the First seem to have been extinguish- quiet poetic beauty which Wilson occasionally Nor swallow Dian's living fane, To buy eternity of shame.
ed in the great civil war, for our painters can loved is there: there are cattle on shore, anglers Perhaps our readers are already cloyed seldom find such heads to limn in these later watching with their rods, water - lilies lying with these poetic viands : from dull and from days: ***v* The true way to estimate the great white on the lake, while overlooking the whole the curse of the age
merit of Vandyke is to take up Clarendon, and commonplace verse
a dark peaked mountain, with a ruined fortress while we read the historian's characters of the at its base, connects history with natural we have prayed oft to be delivered: the
granchiefs of his time, compare them with the heads deur. To interrupt the long extent of moun• Bird of the Beeches' is neither dull nor
of the painter; there is a singular resemblance tain, and give life to the slumbering lake, the commonplace; yet it is of a kind we cannot between them, which shows that the artist had painter has dashed in a bold abrupe headland
something more than outward shape in his mind rough with rocks, fringed to the water's edge when he painted portraits. *
with trees and shrubs, and crowned with an The Lives and Exploits of Banditti and “ It was the aim of that great master to paint ivied ruin, evidently the reliques of a feudal Robbers in all parts of the World. By more than what he saw-to represent the qua
tower, which in times of strife and commotion C. Mac Farlane, Esq. London: Bull. lities of mind; moreover he considered it neces
afforded shelter and protection to the lords of
the land. There are few of Wilson's landscapes The life of a robber-chief, when told in sober sary to tamper with living forms; he looked on seriousness, is a loathsome detail of crime, them with a scientific eye; he lessened without without water, he had a sort of island love for
the element, and no one has painted it with cruelty, and bloodshed. The poet or the hurting the character of a large mouth or nose; narrator may throw over it the splendid robe
he refused to perpetuate what he considered the more truth and beauty. Indeed, he would have of romance; associate his hero with all that
excesses of nature, and sought to preserve indi- backed a waterfall against a king's coronation
vidual likeness, while he brought it closer to the at any time; he loved whatever was immutable is beautiful or sublime in nature—with feel
rules of science. Had the heads of Vandyke and undying. ing and generosity-with joyous revelry and been confronted with the living originals, the “ The bright unchanging glory of the eternal bills wild liberty—but, in truth, the heart of such compasses of mechanical criticism might have he reckoned as something worth living for, a man is closed to all gentle influence; the shown them incorrect as to exact quantity, while while men were but dust in the balance. It mountain and the valley, and all the beauties true judgment would have felt the truth and was this enthusiastic feeling which enabled him of nature, in which innocence delights, are to force of the mental expression. Many artists to triumph in the race of future, not immediate him but as the lair to the wild beast—he is
will consider these remarks as flat heresy; they fame, over all opponents." everywhere, and in all countries, a poor skulkare true nevertheless; and the finest heads in
Such a number as this ought to introduce ing coward-shunned by, and shunning his modern painting and sculpture are executed on fellow men-feared by, and fearing his very these principles."
the work into every drawing-room, and thus
secure to Mr. Major that reward which his companions in crime; and the most cele- Equally excellent is the criticism upon increased exertions so well merit. brated of banditti have turned out, on near
Wilson. examination, to be low and vulgar ruffians, distinguished only from the common herd by
“Wilson was none of the literal copyists of Erinnerungen aus den Leben eines Deuts
nature who, unless it please the earth, sea, and their greater atrocities and crimes. Still, we
schen in Paris. Von G. P. Depping. air, to unite into one splendid landscape, and admit, that such works have been popular, appear before them really and truly, have no
(Recollections from the Life of a German they are exciting to the dull appetite of the chance of ever being heard of. He was one of
in Paris.) commonalty-a sort of intellectual dram :- the most poetic painters of inanimate things
We resume our translations from this pleawhether we are wiser in our generation than that ever lived ; he had the rare faculty of ex. our forefathers, remains to be proved. tracting whatever was lovely or grand from the
sant volume. Having been elected member
of the Société des Antiquaires, M. Depping We enter this, our critical protest, as be- aspect of nature, of uniting the beautiful of what comes us; but we suspect it will go for nohe saw with the beautiful of what he imagined,
was in the habit of seeing at its meetings
some of the most celebrated literary chathing, after reading Mr. Mac Farlane's plea- and forming the whole into one magnificent
racters of the day; and the following is a sant preface, which is a delightful piece of picture, in which all that was fair on earth was blended with all that was sublime in heaven.
sketch of M, Dulaure, the author of the sobered enthusiasm, and about as perfect an
well-known Histoire de Paris.' Italian picture as we have looked on, since Nothing was to Wilson so depressing as a com
mon scene, nothing so elevating as a poetic one; “M. Dulaure had examined more profoundly we cast an eye over the vast extent of the
in this he resembled our greatest poets. A land- into the manners of the French during the Pontine Marshes, from the gates of Terracina, scape of his reminds us, as much as the harmony middle ages, than any other historian. Before the stronghold of the Italian brigands, and of colours can, of the scenes in the Seasons of the Revolution, he was a priest at Auvergne, saw the tamed ruffians sunning themselves Thomson ; all with him was poetic, he admitted but during that stormy time, he left his obscurity in idleness under its walls. To all, indeed, nothing amusing or ordinary upon his canvas. and his priestly office together, entered the who have any relish for this sort of reading, He went out to the valleys and to the mountains, marriage state, and was called to the National Mr. Mac Farlane's book will be acceptable :
not so much to look at them as to hold conver- Convention, There he voted for the death of we must honestly acknowledge, that he not
sation with them ; with him romantic glens Louis XVI. Soon after, he became editor or unfrequently witched us with his narratives lived, picturesque hills breathed, haunted rivers principal contributor to a daily paper, conducted he has, in truth, done more with his subject spoke, and the assembled clouds of heaven with great spirit; but being thought too mode
edged with sunshine, or touched with lightning, than we thought it admitted of; and if we
rate by the party of furious demagogues
, he had not both important works and important mind and communicated supernatural brilliancy were as something spiritual which exalted his was obliged to take refuge in Switzerland. He
then withdrew altogether from public life
, and papers to fill up our columns this week, we
to his fancy. Yet if he is never wholly on the occupied himself with researches into the his. might have given a few extracts.
earth, he is never altogether in the clouds; his tory of the middle ages. He was an accommost fanciful scenes are linked to our feelings plished critic, and thoroughly versed in the
by a thousand ties of nature, poetry or history Major's Cabinet Gallery of Pictures ; with
history of France. The crimes of kings, the real or fabulous. If his clouds seem ever overHistorical and Critical Descriptions by charged with their burthens, figures of angry
nobility, and the priesthood, had particularly
occupied his attention, and he could relate all Allan Cunningham. No. III.
gods are seen dimly in them discharging arrows sorts of anecdotes respecting them, -as, indeed, This is by far the best number we have yet
at the sinning sons of men; if the scene his History of Paris testifies. In his hands the seen of this cheap and beautiful work. We threatens a barren magnificence, he brings it
history of France appears in quite a different have before spoken of the excellence of the
back to our sympathy by the shepherd hurrying light from that in which it is represented by
his flock over it, or by the figure of some traengravings; but from the critical notices ac
former writers, who wrote with the approbaveller bewildered in the splendour of hills heaped companying them we must now make a few
tion of the censor, and were betitled and beextracts. The following is a true estimate of upon hills, and Alps on Alps; or, if he chooses pensioned accordingly. When any one spoke
to depict some quiet and lonely lake, with the in the Antiquarian Society in the old court the powers of
heron on its winding margin, and the shadows Vandyke.
style of kings, nobles, and priests
, Dulaure would of lambs on its bosom, he connects it with soon set him right, with some overwhelming " It is said by Dryden that Shakspeare never sterner times by the rough outline of some castle | fact, never knew any one who had so comventured but once to paint a true gentleman; or keep, standing
like a sentinel by the silent pletely stripped off the prejudices of former Vandyke could delineate nothing else; his Dutch water, or with some now neglected temple for years, and who drew so melancholy a picture of
the middle ages. For him those times had no felt that kind of ferment in his mind that rious objection to the work-it was not wanted.
has besides some faults; the narrative is huddled nature, which even in barbarous times displays
together too much in one place, and expanded great virtues, yet, in general, his freedom from prize essay on the Influence of Literature on Morals. In this favourable state of enthu
too much in another: some of the dates are all ordinary prejudices, is at once original, and worthy of reflection. Time had made no alterasiastic excitement he finished his work, and
wrong, and sundry of the quotations incorrect.
The father of Peter is made to die some years tion in his opinions; and in his old age he was awaited the result of the examination with
before his son was born, in one page, and in as opposed as ever to the privileged classes, corresponding anxiety. The day of the de- another, he comes to life and dies according to and maintained his firm conviction, that in cision drew on. Every hour seemed an age. history; something too, that was done in 1885, voting for the death of Louis XVI. he had done Shut up in his study, every sound seemed is postponed for a hundred years. The line of no more than his duty."
to be the knell of his fate. But how rapturous BlairSome one had remarked of M. Depping, were his feelings of joy when the prize was
Like angel visits, few and far between, in a work of contemporary biography, that announced to be his! A moment of such is given to Dr. Young, and the severe one of his productions alone would fil a library. pure delight he acknowledges never to have Pope
From Macedonia's madman to the Swede, This was said disparagingly; and the author experienced before or since, although his work acknowledges that, many of his school-books, on • The Commerce of the Levant,' received is misquoted. Moreover, we think the author and others, being written on the spur of the the same proud distinction.
is more stern with Charles, and more mild with moment, he was compelled to wait till new Depping is, indeed, one of those rare Peter, than history authorizes. We could have editions were called for, in order to improve mortals who love literature for its own sake, supplied a much better version of the story of them and divest them of the imperfections for its pure and elevating pleasures, its health-| General Gordon's introduction to the Tzar, than consequent on hurried composition.
the text gives. The faults are, however, as noful and harmonizing influences. His whole “ Fortunate are the writers,' he observes, life has been spent among books, and in that thing compared to the merits of the memoir. "who, like Choiseul-Gouffier,t Madame de Staël, moderate enjoyment of society which gives
* British Flowering Plants; drawn from Nature, and others, can go leisurely over their writings, a fresh zest to the solitary labours of the
and Engraved under the direction of Mr. William and get their friends to examine them, and can student. We recommend his work as an ex
Baxter, A.L.S., F.H.S., fc. Curator of the Oixrefrain from printing until their works liave re- cellent course of German reading, and as a
ford Botanic Garden.'-A useful little work, ceived the last polish. The public makes no
much wanted, and well adapted to giving the fund of amusing and pleasant anecdote. allowances for the situation of the writer, but
learner a clear idea of the characters, upon looks only at his works, without taking the
which the modern genera of plants are controuble to consider how they arrived at their The Invalid's Help to Prayer and Meditation :
structed. It will also be found serviceable to present state-without reflecting whether the with Prayers, &c. in Behalf, and on the Loss,
the student of the natural system of Botany. author is a man of independent fortune, luxu- of Relatives and Friends. By the Rev. E. P.
The plan of the author is to illustrate a single riating in the midst of an extensive library, and Hannam, M.A. London: Rivingtons. species of every genus of British flowering plants, amply provided with all means and appliances
, There are certain duties pertaining to the by a coloured plate containing, along with a chawho can finish his works at his leisure, and get office of religious teachers, which it requires analysis of such parts of the fructification as are
racteristic figure of the foliage and flowers, an his friends to look over them and suggest im- considerable experience and a very sincere piety principally employed in distinguishing genera provements,—or, whether he is one, whose first
to perform well. In the early days of the Church, from each other. The letter-press is very satiscare must be to obtain the means of living by public teaching was never regarded as sufficient factory, the plates are carefully executed, and the sale of his works, and whose command of
to preserve its members in the firm profession the whole work reflects credit upon the author. books and other needful aids is painfully limited of their faith. Much less was it supposed, that and imperfect. The reading public judges like outward and ordinary offices could supply the
• The Poetic Negligée, for 1833.'— This is a the audience in the theatre, and decides from
wants of those who were expected to look for very pretty book: it is bound in silk, lettered what appears upon the scene, not from what is
their chief strength and consolation from Chris- in gold, and printed on coloured paper, and made transacted behind it.'"
tian doctrine. To visit the sick and afflicted, | in all respects, save one, worthy of a lady's hand. Now, however, fortune began to favour was, therefore, one of the obligations of the first It must have been written by a foreigner, who, our author. He had long felt the necessity pastors of the Church ; and we suspect it will ignorant of our manners, and with notions of of occupying himself on some work of invariably be found, that, both in sects and es- female delicacy not at all English, has filled his greater importance, if he would acquire a tablishments, attention to this obligation is in
volume with verses of questionable purity, both
in sentiment and language. We are sorry for lasting reputation in literature, and an oppor- proportion to the soundness of their constitutunity now presented itself. At the com- tion. The little work before us is eminently this; first, for the author's sake, who will, doubtmencement of his literary career it had been calculated to do good, in helping the inex- less, be roughly treated by the critics; and se
condly, because there are snatches of poetry scata favourite project, on which he had long perienced, and supplying the defects of the caremeditated, to write the History of the Settle
tered about, which show that he lives in the less, in the performance of this duty. Mr.
Hannam's treatise, founded on experience and neighbourhood, if not in the company, of the ment of the Normans in France. As soon as he could command the necessary leisure, good sense, should be in the hands of every
and conscientious clergyman, when called it was his intention to make himself quite upon to visit and give counsel to the sick.
Sunshine ; or, Lays for Ladies.'-This little familiar with the style of the Chroniclers, and
work might have been called Moonshine, with
some propriety ; it is addressed to those who to write the history of the Normans in imita
love the lute and the moonlight; it is full of tion of it. In 1820 the Royal Academy of
mirth and agreeable gaiety, with here and there Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres proposed a Family LIBRARY.-' Life of Peter the Great.' touches of seriousness as well as beauty. prize essay on the Causes of the Emigration - In this life of the true founder of Russian of the Normans, to be drawn up from the re- greatness, there are many curious anecdotes of • The Island of the Propontis, and other Poems ;
by J. Pinkerton.'- There is some poetry and cords both of the north and south of Europe; his doings as a shipwright, in England and Hol
elegance about the mind which produced these and on their Establishment in France. Dep-land; many pleasant details of his foibles as a ping now set to work in good earnest, enman and a monarch; much that is interesting
verses; but there is little vigour. There are in the narrative of wars with the Swede and the few pictures, which we have not seen couraged also by the advice of many of his
Turk; nor is the account of his contest with brightly drawn, and few sentiments which we friends. Finding that a knowledge of the northern languages was indispensably neces
the ambition of his clergy, and the prejudices have not heard more poetically uttered. The
of his people, less instructive than amusing. mustering together of splendid words, or drawsary, in a few months he made himself suf- Perhaps the most racy portion is Dr. Birch's ing them
up in harmonious array, is the least ficiently master of the Danish and Swedish, gossiping description of the Tzar's mode of en
difficult part of the poet's task: to pour that inand acquired some knowledge of the Islandic, 1 tertaining the ambassadors of foreign states, and spiration into them, which comes from feeling although the laconic poetry of the latter re- his own ministers. First, there was a rough
and passion, is the most important part of his mained always a mystery to him. Proceed- scuffile for seats ; secondly, a regular row about duty. We could, however, find passages both ing to the study of authorities, his enthusiasm the dishes; thirdly, a general contest at the bot
to quote and praise in this little volume. for his labour increased as he went on. He tle ;-not to speak of the apprehension which the * Historical and Antiquarian Notices of Crosby
guests entertained of swallowing "eye of newt + Author of a Voyage Pittoresque dans la Grèce,
Hall.'- We are indebted to Mr. Carlos, one of the last part of which appeared but a few years ago, at
and toe of frog," or of some well seasoned dish, the Committee for the preservation of that ancient an interval of forty years from the publication of the
fit to move all stomachs not accustomed to horse-
structure, for this very pleasant account of the
OUR LIBRARY TABLE.
BY A DROUTHY BRITHER.
Kidd's Picturesque Pocket Companion to Has- " To thwart God's plans is surely crime, The generals were unanimously of opinion that tings and St. Leonard's.'-If the same good taste But folk ordain'd frae endless time,
it was not possible to prevent the French crosscontinues to preside over the future volumes, The tailor's foot-board bauld to climb, ing the Sierra Morena ; and that Cadiz was the as has done over the past, Mr. Kidd will grow An' men' auld claes,
only place in which the government could be into fame for his little tasty illustrated works. Break the decrees and rush in rhyme,
secure against any sudden irruption and attack. To patch up plays.
On the morning of the 10th of June there was ORIGINAL PAPERS " It's just amazin' to remark,
a secret meeting of the Cortes, in which the Hoo sune ilk citra-Tweedian spark
minister Calatrava read an official letter from A VISION OF ROBERT BURNS. Sets up to be a meusefu' clerk,
Quijana, the political chief of Ciudad Real, It chanced—the truth I winna hide,
In lair to dribble
which began with the extraordinary acknowI'll tell’t, though it should hurt my pride, Hech, Sirs ! it's surely easy wark
ledgment, We have lost all-even our honour'; Elders themselves hae gaen aside,
To sit and scribble.
and went on to state that the French, taking Whase fauts are few, “ An' sic a routin', rivin' crew!
advantage of the absence of Brigadier-General
Plasencia, who had gone with the cavalry to atAe nicht last ook it did betide Wi' Paper, Magazine, Review,
tack the guerrillas of Locho, had dispersed the That I gat fou'. They rin ilk course o' learnin' through,
division of the Sierra Morena, and crossed the Glass after glass gaed joukin' past,
An' never stammer,
mountains. The Cortes separated, desiring Ye'd thocht there was a glamour cast, Tales, poetry, it's a' ae do,
the ministers to do their duty; and as the only They glinted frae our een sae fast,
Thocht, sense, or grammar ;
course that remained was to retire to Cadiz as The diel be thankit; "But chiefly do they tak' delicht
soon as possible, the ministers so advised the Ilk ane was nappier than the last, To show their burnin', shinin' licht,
king, informing him of the resolutions of the So 'feth, I drank it. In makin' darkest subjects bricht,
board of general officers. The king, however, At last, as hamewards I was snoovin'
'Twad mak ane sea-sick
refused to decide on any course until the council A sort o' zig-zag problem provin', To hear their blethers, when they ficht
of state had been consulted. The members of An' yaup for fechtin' or for lovin',
the council, like every other person in Seville, A' ane to me,“ Oh, Sir!" the form gaed on to say:
knew well enough what were the feelings and A form portentous, strange, an' movin',
Forswear the writin' tred for aye;
wishes of the king, and fearful of giving offence, Did meet my e'e. An whan yer head is auld an' grey,
and personally a good deal alarmed, they offered It was ow'r shadowy to be leevin',
Ye 'll gie me credit,
the most extravagant and absurd opinions : Ow'r yirthly-like to be deceivin'; An' thank me till yer deein' day,
some advised a removal to Algeciras, and then An' mind I said it.
to Ceuta; others to Gibraltar; one wanted furA messenger, thinks I, frae heaven, Or else frae hell, “The baverin', drucken, witless bodies,
ther information ; and Ciscar alone agreed with Whether for blessin' or for grievin', Are a' sae manfu' ow'r their toddies,
the ministers in the absolute necessity of re. I could na tell. They come an' cock their pridefu' fuddies
tiring to Cadiz. The ministers now went in a He oxtered me polite an’ ceevil,
body to the king, who informed them that he was An' said he saw my case was evil, Till we're aye forced to tak’ the cuddies
resolved not to leave Seville, assigning as a An' no just in a state to travel,
Aff to the station."
reason the possible danger of getting the yellow So down we sat; “Station ?" quo' I: oli, wondrous spirit!
fever at Cadiz, if by chance it appeared there,
as had sometimes been the case. The ministers Thinks I, “this gentleman 's nac deevil, Bricht paragon o' wit and merit!
urged upon him the absolute necessity of reIse hae a chat."
Shade o'great Rab!"_“I winna bear it“ Kind Sir," quo' I, as smooth's the Franks,
Hoots! haud your peace, man!".
moval; the king, however, was firm; and the
ministers retired without having in the least “I'm no just steady on my shanks : He said-an’ mazed was I to hear it
shaken his resolution. O weary fa' the waesome pranks
“I'm a policeman!"
In the meantime the greatest agitation preO' wine an' distance!
vailed among the liberals: all the various Ye's aye be welcome to my thanks,
branches of the secret societies held general For yer assistance." AUTHENTIC ACCOUNT OF THE DEPOSING OF
meetings that night; and in some of them it A kintraman! I ken yer tongue;
FERDINAND, KING OF SPAIN, IN 1823.
was proposed to put the king to death. It was Sic was the langwich, braid an' strong,
[Towards the close of 1830, we published some subsequently discovered that these proposals That Fergusson an' Ramsay sung ! highly-interesting extracts from a manuscript work,
came from persons who were the secret emissaunder the title of Spain in 1829 and 1830,' which My heart aye yearns had been brought from that country for publication,
ries of the king, which proves that such proposiTo a' frae gallant Scotia sprung
Political reasons subsequently induced the parties to tions were merely put forward to ascertain the My name's Rab Burns!”
abandon their intention, and required that we should feelings of the liberals on this point. Every.
not name the writers. The same cause is no longer Wi' hat in han' I boo'd wi' fear, influential; and we may now state that it was prin
where the proposal was rejected ;--there were That ever glorious name to hear, cipally written by Mr. Patrick Butler, an Irish gentle
but few influential men who were not of opinion An' thocht that frae the eternal sphere
man, who had resided many years in Spain; and that the putting the king to death would not The bard had come
that Don J. Lopez Quiros contributed the notes, some
chapters on the Secret Societies, and the history of merely be useless, but positively injurious to His lowliest worshipper to cheer,
the last Cortes. Both parties are since dead. We their cause; and as the ministers had the pru. An' I was dumb.
do not know what has become of the manuscript; but dence not to make known the king's answer, it
having heard lately that a translation is likely to appear “Scotsman, whae'er ye are,” he said,
was resolved, in all the meetings, after very in French, it follows that it is still in existence.An' ance again I boo'd my head, Among the many extracts we made at the time, one
stormy debates, to wait till next day, in the hope An' listen'd his commands wi' dread,
is the history of the famous sitting of the Cortes, when that he would be prevailed on to leave Seville.
Ferdinand was deposed. As this deposing forms a “ Whate'er yer station,
In the meanwhile, the royalists were not ground for special exception in the late act of amnesty,– Whate'er yer fortin, rank, or tred, (the Queen's words are, “that she is obliged, much
asleep. General Downie, with the canons and The pen's d-mn-n!
against her inclination, to exclude from it all who bad friars, who formed the directing junto of the the misfortune to vote the deposition of the king at
party, met together, and decided on advising “ The diel a yammer-headed chiel,
Seville,")-the following authentic information relating Wha'd maybe drive a waggon weel, to the subject cannot fail to be interesting to the public.]
the king to leave Seville secretly that night
and go over to the French. There is now little Or aiblins turn a spinnin' wheel,
Early in June (1823), it began to be ru.
doubt that it would have been easy for him to Without much flytin';
moured at Seville, that the French were ad. But sune as ever he can spell, vancing towards the Sierra Morena; and it was
have done so, and such a proceeding would have Taks on to writin'. feared that they would cross the mountains, and king wanted courage, and dared not move. The
been a death-blow to the liberal party; but the "They think’t's a trifle noo-a-days,
penetrate into Andalusia with very little oppo- junto determined, in consequence, to raise the To spiel Parnassus stievest braes,
sition. The Sierra Morena was defended by four populace of Seville : Downie was appointed to An' mak’Apollo's pipe to wheeze,
thousand infantry, almost all recruits, and by direct and command, and received a large sum Like
an excellent body of cavalry; but which, under An' clutchin' greedily at the bays, circumstances, could be of little service. The
of money to distribute among them. He began ministry shared the fears of the rest of the libe- short, as will be seen hereafter.
to recruit that very night; but his career was Grab up a thistle !
rals; and, on the 4th of June, a board of general “ Yet some there be wi' wit at will, officers was called, and their opinion asked, whe
At ten o'clock in the morning of the 11th Wha sing or play wi' eident skill, ther it was possible to defend Andalusia, and
of June, the members of the Cortes were all as And spread the bonny muse's rill,
where the government could retire, in case the sembled, and the minister, Calatrava, reported Through bow'r and hallan'French armies penetrated into the province ? sitting began, what had passed between
to them in detail, and in the lobby before the And tapmost on the forkit hill, Is Elvar Allan.
+ Qu. Metapheesics.
and the ministers the night before. Calatrava
was evidently greatly agitated; and he begged I appear. From that moment, however, the sita | rison, venting the bitterest complaints against earnestly of the deputies not to expose the mi- ting was conducted with the greatest dignity the ministers, and even the Cortes. Several of ** nistry, adding, that, seeing they had no chance and calmness.
them proposed to go in a body to the palace, of shaking the king's resolution, they had ten- Galiano immediately after began by asking and compel the king and the royal family to dered their resignations, which he had refused the Minister of War the position and strength leave Seville forthwith. Fortunately, some of to accept. It was now clear that the ministry of the enemy, and the resources he had at com- the officers would not sanction the proceeding, dared not take such extraordinary measures as mand to oppose them. If anything could have without the previous assent of the influential were necessary to compel the king to leave Se
made the Cortes pause, it was the answer of deputies; and they proposed to wait on, and ville ; and that unless the Cortes took the the minister, who, in a long speech, endeavoured consult with them. As nearly all the militia of responsibility on themselves, either the French
to prove that there was no possible chance of Madrid belonged to one or other of the secret sowould surprise them there, or, which was more successfully opposing them. As it was well cieties, and as many of the chiefs of the societies probable, the liberals would break out into open known that the minister greatly exaggerated
were members of the Cortes, this proposition was revolt; and as the garrison of Seville was com- the strength of the French army, and much agreed to, conditionally that such members only posed of the most enthusiastic of the whole party, underrated that of the Spaniards, and as he was were consulted. Four officers were chosen as they would, in all probability, oblige the king and undoubtedly a most honourable man, and in- delegates, and they went immediately to the Cortes together to leave the city at the point of capable of doing so intentionally, it was thought hall of the Cortes, where they met with five of the bayonet, and in the height of confusion that he must be mad : and there was soon but the deputies referred to, and communicated and disorder, the consequences of which could too much reason to believe that this was the their message. The deputies, naturally alarmed not be foreseen. Then it was, and for the first
fact, for he committed suicide a few days after. at these threatening appearances, earnestly time, that a well-known member proposed to During the delivery of this speech the deputies entreated the officers to return to their friends, depose the king, and gave notice of his inten
manifested the greatest impatience; and Ga- and assure them, that if the king would not tion to move a resolution on the subject. Others, | liano, who had asked the question, was not a consent to leave Seville, they were resolved to however, pointed to Galiano to direct this im
little puzzled by the unexpected answer :-how- depose him, appoint a regency, and retire from portant business of the sitting, and it was imme
ever, without any comment, he requested to the city on the next day; but that it was diately agreed to.
know, from another of the ministers, what absolutely necessary that there should be no It has been repeatedly asserted that the measures had been taken to prevent surprise appcarance of riot or disorder. The orator of deposition of the king had been previously dis- and the capture of the king. Calatrava replied the deputation, a very influential officer of the cussed and agreed to in the meetings of the by stating what has been before mentioned re- Madrid militia, replied at great length. He secret societies; this is not true. The writer specting the decision of the board of general urged that it was absolute folly to pretend to of this sketch was at that time president of one officers, and the proceedings of the council; observe legal forms in their present situation ; of the lodges of Freemasons. It was his duty adding, that the ministers had communicated and that it would save both time and trouble, to to attend the Capitulo, or principal lodge, to re- these opinions to the king, who had not yet march at once to the palace, stow away the king ceive orders; and after a most stormy discus-given any definitive answer. Galiaco then and his family in the first carriage, cart, or sion, he was directed, with several others, to pro- moved that a deputation should wait on his ma- waggon they could find, and proceed direct to ceed to both the assemblies of the Comuneros, jesty, to inform him of the absolute necessity of Cadiz. lle expressed great doubts whether the and propose to them to send deputies to a meet- immediately retiring from Seville, to avoid being good deputies (meaning those of his own party) ing of representatives of the three societies. In captured by the enemy. This motion was agreed would be able to command a majority, should it this they were not successful, because the con- to, as well as two others; the one stating the be found necessary to depose the king: he anstitutional Comuneros had no confidence in the necessity for the removal of all the royal family, nonneed that it was the anxious wish of all the other society; but he never heard one word and the other that the removal could not be liberal party to share in the responsibility of about deposing the king, though he did a great deferred beyond the next day. The members the forced removal: he pointed out the personal deal about much more violent measures. In- of the deputation were now named; and in darger to the cieputies, which must follow their deed, the members of the Cortes, who belonged answer to the petition of the Cortes, to know proposed proceeding, as the Cortes had resolved to those societies, and attended the meetings, when the king would be pleased to receive them, that the sitting should be permanent until the with one only exception, earnestly advised them
his majesty named four o'clock on that day. king had left Seville; and as the few troops in the to wait till the morning; and it is mainly owing We will now leave the Cortes to see what place would be obliged to accompany the king, to their influence and exertions that Seville did was doing by other parties. Tlie king was in
the members of the Cortes must remain in the not exhibit on that night a counterpart of the high spirits, since, by his secret emissaries, he city at the mercy of a mob, excited and infuriated horrors of the French revolution. The idea of
had been informed that the chiefs of the liberals by the priests. At last, when lie was insisting temporarily deposing the king, was a natural
were of opinion that it was their interest not to on the great advantages to be derived from consequence of the situation in which the Cortes
put him to death; and he was engaged at the making a little riot (una asonadita), he was infound itself; and the best proof is, that many palace with a junto, to which General Downie, terrupted by the deputies with the assurance, voted for it who did not belong to the secret Colonel Cabañas, and some canons and friars, that, if it were necessary to depose the king, societies, and whose only desire was to avoid were admitteil, consulting upon those mea.
they could command a large majority; that, as confusion and bloodshed. All the deputies pre- sures which it might be advisable, under cir
to the responsibility and danger, they were sent at Seville, amounting to 102, attended this
cumstances, should be taken. Downie assured content to share it among them; that the conimportant sitting ;-of these, forty-five were
the king that it was exceedingly difficult to sequences of a riot could not be foreseen, except Exaltados,t forty-four belonged to the party of rouse the mob at that moment, because they in the disgrace with which it must cover the Arguelles, and thirteen were considered as being were not a little afraid of the National Militia, liberals, and especially those in authority: and more royalists than liberals, though they deny but he thought it might be done that night; and they again entreated of them to return to their it. As soon as the sitting began, Galiano rose, he and the rest of the junto advised the king to
friends, and use their utmost influence to keep and moved that the Cortes should send for the leave the palace, and take shelter in the ca
them quict. Upon this the deputation returned ministers, to know from them the true state of thedral, or in one of the convents, so soon as to the barracks, and it is impossible to describe the country, and the measures they had taken.
the rising took place. The king, however, did the disappointment of the troops at hearing the This was immediately approved, as well as an not like the proposal, and he ordered Downie result. They had expected, and were prepared addition moved by Arguelles, that the sitting to introduce secretly into the palace, during the for, a very different answer, but dare not oppose should be permanent till the object of the Cortes night, as many friends as he could collect, to
the wishes of their leaders, and peace was prewas accomplished. The ministers attended;
defend his person, if the palace were attacked. served. but before they began to speak, General Alava
It was just when the junto were about to separate, At five o'clock the deputation of the Cortes rose and said, that as the present debate was
that the king received information of what was went, by appointment, to the palace. These of the utmost importance, it would be ne- passing in the hall of the Cortes, and of the deputations were always heretofore received by cessary to enforce most peremptorily the rule
message he was about to receive; and the an- the highest officers of the court, and with all which forbad all persons in the galleries from
swer it would be advisable for him to give was becoming etiquette; but on this occasion they expressing either approbation or disapproba- then debated and determined on.
were surrounded by scullions and grooms; and tion. This was immediately agreed to, and
While the king and his camarilla were thus nothing could equal the insolence of those the president declared his determination to en
most indiscreetly endeavouring to get up a riot, people. At last the king appeared, and having force obedience, if the spectators forgot their
the troops of the garrison were preparing to taken his seat on the throne, General Valdes adduty. General Alava's suggestion was, in truth,
make onein downright carnest. The liberals, who dressed him, stating that the Cortes had declared most opportune, for the galleries were filled
had left the galleries in the ball of the Cortes, be- themselves in permanent sitting, in consequence with enthusiastic liberals, who had already begun
cause they could not, in consequence of General of the approach of the enemy; and that, under » to make their opinions known; but on hearing Alava's observations, influence the deputies by circumstances, they bad resolved to send a mesthe president's threat, the greater part imme
their expressions of approbation or disapproba- sage to his majesty, entreating him, for his perdiately retired—for what purpose will hereafter tion, went directly to the marines and the sonal safety, to leave Seville for Cadiz the next A + See Athenæum, No. 152.
militia of Madrid, who formed almost all the gar- 1 day. The king answered, " That personally