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buted sometimes to the one and sometimes to the other of these two artists. See Demi of Attica, p. 110.
P. 115, line 15.—This was probably the statue of Erechtheus by Myron, which Pausanias (Bceot. 30,1,) asserts to have been the finest of his works; for Pausanias notices no other statue of Erechtheus at Athens, except that which represented him as fighting with Immaradus in the temenus of Minerva Polias. See p. 157.
P. 117, note 1.—Lucian (Demosth. Encom. 10,) and Plutarch (de gloria" Atheniensium 7) allude to this fragment of Pindar, and the Scholiast of Aristophanes (Nub. 300,) adds the word Kxuvoi, which improves its efficiency— ai Ts Xnrapdi Kai aolStfiot 'EXXaSof ipuofia icAEtval 'Adavai.
P. 122, note 4.—According to Lucian (Demonax 53) there was a statue of Cynaegeirus without hands in the Poecile. In the picture of the battle of Marathon, Miltiades was represented as stretching out his arm, pointing to the barbarians, and ordering the Athenians to advance against them (ikthvwv Ttjv x£'Pa Ka' Vttosukvvq role "EAAjjtxt roup j3ap/3ajooi>e, \lyuv bpfiqv Kot avruiv). Schol. Aristid. p. 216. Frommel.
P. 137, note 5.—The ancient temple of Bacchus in the Lenseum (ro apxaiorarov hpbv) was opened only once a year. Demosth. c. Neaer. p. 1370. Reiske.
P. 139. There were statues in the theatre of Bacchus, of Miltiades and Themistocles, each accompanied by a Persian captive. Miltiades was on the left fronting the entrance, Themistocles on the right. Sch. Aristid. p. 202. Frommel.
P. 141, note 5. According to Nicandrus of Colophon, Solon was the first who built a temple to Venus Pandemus at Athens (ap. Athen. 13, 3, p. 569).
P. 143, note 5.—Harpocration in Alyiiov, may be cited as a testimony to the existence of a heroum and oracle of iEgeus at Athens. The latter rested on the authority of Dinarchus.
P. 145, line 7. For the altar of Minerva Hygieia at Athens, see Aristides Orat. in Minerv. p. 25. Steph.
P. 163, line 5.—Plutarch mentions the temple of Diana Aristobula in the life of Themistocles (22,) and de Malign. Herodot. (36.)
P. 163, note 7.—Add to the testimony as to the statue of Hercules by Ageladas, that of Suidas in TtXaSac
P. 180, note 3.—Plutarch also refers to the bema of the Pnyx as the rock of the Agora (ev 'Ayopp 7rp6e r<£ \idy. Solon. 25).
P. 193, note 1.—The "levelling of the torrent bed" at the Panathenaic stadium mentioned by the biographer of Lycurgus (Vit. X. Rhet.) compared with the words of the Psephisma of Stratocles in honour of the same statesman, shows that, although the valley may have been used as a stadium before his time, there was no construction until then. Lycurgus completed the unfinished theatre and arsenal (fifihpya tKtipyaoaro), he entirely constructed the stadium (iTreTiXtat To oraSiov), and he erected a gymnasium and other buildings at the Lyceium, (to yvfivdaiov Ko\ To Avkuov KartoKtvaiTtv).
P. 232. line 25.—The mythus of the Amazones having been much connected with that of the actions of Theseus, the Amazoncium was probably not far from the Theseium.
P. 235, line 3.—In addition to the arguments showing that the ordinary route from the Peiraeeus passed to the northward of the northern Long Wall, may be mentioned an allusion made by Demosthenes (c. Nicostr. p. 1252, Eeiske), to some quarries on the road from Athens to Peirseeus, which could not have been between the Long Walls, and in fact are still to be seen to the northward of the position of the northern wall.
P. 255, note 1.—mention is made likewise by Pausanias (Attic. 35, 2,) of an altar of Eurysaces in Athens.
P. 257, note 1.—Diogenes Laertius, in stating (7,3) that under the tyranny of the thirty, 1400 Attic citizens were slain in the Poecile, supports the opinion given in this note.
Zeno, he says, avaicajUTn-wv Si iv ry IIotKiA/; <tto£
SilOtTO roue Ao-youc, fiovXoptvoQ icat To xwplov aireplararov itoirioai' iirl yap Twv Tptthcofra, riov Ttoaitwv wpoc Tovq TtrpaKoaiovg \i\iovc avypovro iv aiirq.
P. 281.—An inscription lately discovered (see 'E^ifyupt? 'ApxaioXoyiicii, 4" Athens, 1837. No. 80,) furnishes undoubted proof that upper and lower Agryle were separate demi, and correct therefore the supposition in the text of this page, line 16.
P. 282, note 1.—See also Bekker, Anecdota Gneca, p. 334, in "Aypat.
P. 316, line 5.—Note omitted. The date of the commencement of the Propylsea, as well as the time consumed in its construction, rests on the authority of Philochorus and Heliodorus (ap. Harpocrat. Suid. Phot. &c. in Ilpo7rvAata ravra.) For further remarks on the Propylsea, see appendix xiv.
P. 345, line 18.—The circular basis of a statue of Minerva Hygieia has lately been discovered at the foot of the southern angular column of the Propykea, inscribed as follows:
AGENAIOIAeENAIAITEIYriEIAI nYPPOSEnOIHSENAGENAIOS. See Bullettino della Societa Archeol. di Roma, an. 1840, p. 68.
It is by no means impossible that this may be the basis of the statue dedicated by Pericles, although his name does not appear in the inscription. In this case it is curious, as proving that the H was sometimes employed for jjra at Athens near forty years before the archonship of Eucleides. The situation of the basis shows likewise that the Venus Lejena and the Diitrephes, as well as the Graces and Mercury of Socrates, stood very near the western colonnade of the Propykea, and not in the interior part of the great vestibule.
P. 350, line 13. See also p. 158.—The words of Pausanias here alluded to (airo Sovvfov irpotnrXlovoiv iariv T/sjj avvoirra) have generally been translated "a Sunio usque adnavigantibus conspicua est." But this seems not to have been exactly the meaning of Pausanias. He intended probably to state, in his usual manner, a fact which he had himself witnessed. In sailing along the Attic shore from Sunium towards Feirseeus, the Acropolis first comes into view near Cape Zoster: and precisely in this situation the western end of the Parthenon may have concealed the statue of Minerva Promachus, leaving the upper extremities of the helmet and spear visible above the temple. It is obvious that the same appearance would have been presented to any ship sailing up the gulf on a course of N. 20 W. true, which is about the bearing of the Parthenon from the supposed point near Zoster. But this point was the nearest at which the appearance could be seen from a ship sailing along the coast from Sunium, and it was at the same time the most distant, or nearly so, at which it was possible for the ancients, without the aid of telescopes, to distinguish such objects as the crest of a helmet and the point of a spear, notwithstanding their having been ten times the common magnitude. The passage therefore in Pausanias ought rather to be translated thus. "The head of the spear and the crest of the helmet are visible even to those who are sailing onwards from Sunium" (towards Athens). The silence of Pausanias as to the statue when stating that its upper extremities were visible, and as to the cause of the singularity which he notices, is quite in his manner: and it is inexplicable without some knowledge of places and relative positions.
P. 364, line 9.—The words of Strabo, p. 395, (rXiprfov Si (cat i) 'AraAavrtj, bfxdivvfioq ry irep\ Evfioiav Kai Aoic/oouf' Kai aXXo vijoiov, oftotov rij ^vrraXtla Kai Tovto' tW o llupauvg, &c.) are probably faulty, for there is but one island besides Psyttaleia, and this answers to Atalante.
P. 382, line 15.—Two grammarians (Bekker Anecd. Gr.
1. p. 385, Eustath. in II. A. 630,) assert that there was a picture of Helena by Zeuxis in the arna. w aXflrmv. The most celebrated picture of Helena by Zeuxis was at Crotona (Dionys. Hal. de Vet. Script, cens. 1. Cicero de Invent.
2, 1.) But he may have painted another for the Athenians. Eustathius describes the stoa to which he alludes as having been iv 'A0r;vaie; an expression applicable either to Peiraeeus or to the Asty, and the more ambiguous, as most probably there was a stoa w akQirhtv in the city, as well as at the Emporium.
P. 402, note 2.— The important discovery of inscriptions here alluded to, and in p. 374, note 1, was made in excavating for the foundations of a building which the Greek government intended to erect on the point which projects from the southern side of port Dhrako. These inscriptions, having been copied by Professor Ross of Athens, were found to be registers of ships and naval stores, in charge of sue