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THE BAPTISM OF JOHN,
tion.—1 Cor. xii. 13: “By one Spirit are we all baptized into one body.” Gal. iii. 27: “As many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.” Rom. vi. 3: “Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into His death? therefore we are buried with Him by baptism into death.” Coloss. ii. 12: “Buried with Him in baptism.” Hence it appears that baptism was intended to represent figuratively the painful life of Christ, His death and burial, in which He was immersed, as it were, for a season. Mark x. 38: “ Can
be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?” Compare also Luke xii. 50.
The Baptism of John was essentially the same as the baptism of Christ; but it differed in the form of words used in its administration, and in the comparative remoteness of its efficacy. If it had not been virtually the same, it would follow that we had not undergone the same baptism with Christ, that our baptism had not been sanctified by the person of Christ; finally, that the apostles would have needed to be rebaptized, which we do not read to have been the case. In some respects, however, there was a difference; for although both baptisms were from God, and both required faith and repentance, those requisites were less clearly propounded in the one case than in the other, and the faith required in the former instance was an imperfect faith, founded on a partial manifestation of Christ, in the latter it was faith in a fully revealed Saviour. Considering yet further that the baptism of John either did not confer gifts of the Spirit at all, or not immediately, it would appear to have been rather a kind of initiatory measure, or purification preparatory to receiving the doctrine of the Gospel, in conformity with the ancient Hebrew custom that all proselytes should be baptized, than an absolute sealing of the covenant; for this latter is the province of the Spirit alone. (1 Cor. xii. 13.)
Hence it appears that the baptism of Christ, although
not indispensable, might, without impropriety, be superadded to the baptism of John. (Acts xix. 3, 5.) I have said not indispensable, inasmuch as the apostles, and many others, appear to have rested in the baptism of John; according to which analogy I should be inclined to conclude that those persons who have been baptized in infancy, and perhaps in other respects irregularly, have no indispensable need of a second baptism when arrived at maturity; indeed, I should have been disposed to consider baptism as necessary for proselytes alone, and not for those born in the church, if the apostle had not taught that baptism is not merely an initiatory rite, but a figurative representation of our death, burial, and resurrection with Christ.
Previously to the promulgation of the Mosaic law, Noah's Ark was the type of baptism. (1 Peter iii. 20–21.) Under the law it was typified by the cloud. (1 Cor. x. 2.)
Antichrist, the Pope is, 245.
Episcopacy, how far to be spared, 63.
inferior to the ministry,
neither Scriptural nor
by immersion, not affusion, Evangelizing rural districts, 277.
Excommunication, 25, 61.
Fathers, study of, not necessary, 13.
Forms of prayer, 70, 86, 144.
Head of the Church, God's law immutable, 94.
Gospel simplicity impaired by human
discipline congregational, 56, Heresy--what it is, 294.
Human authority invalid, 8, 107.
Ignatian Epistles, 32.
Love the best motive, 250.
Ministers made by God alone, 287.
National Churches, 154, 242.
Past mercies a ground of hope, 73.
Episcopacy hostile to liberty and Reformation, prompt measures of
constitutional monarchy, 18, 20. needful and safe, 24, 39.
Reformation, why so slow in Eng- Temptation, 103, 104.
Tithes not to be levied in the Church
Traditions, ecclesiastical, 33.
Village preaching, 274.
Wealth dangerous to the Church,
Appeal to English people on behalf Liberty, good men its truest friends,
Magistrates no right to control the
Enemy of tyrants the friend of kings, National policy, a true and noble, 17.
never submitted to a tyrant, Rehoboam, the case of, 170.
Royal chaplains, 151.
Tyranny and priestcraft, 147.
Tyrants may be put to death, 127.
Vice and ignorance the cause of
When to submit to a tyrant, 172.
Why the Commonwealth failed, 235.
HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL.
his crimes against the na-
tion, 140, 177.
his execution, 207.
HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL (Continued).
appealed to on behalf of Milton's blindness, 191, 230.
personal appearance, 190.
Good books, their value, 101. Responsibilities of genius, 41.
Search for truth, 110.
J. HEATON AND SON, PRIN IERS, 21, WARWICK LANE, LONDON.