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" It is the nature of that country to sift strangers ; every one that shaketh thee by the hand, is not joined to thee in heart.
“ They think Italians wanton, and Grecians subtle: they will trust neither, they are so incredulous; but undermine both, they are so wise. Be not quarrellous for every light occasion; they are impatient in their anger of any equal, ready to revenge an injury, but never wont to provoke any: they never fight without provoking, and once provoked they never cease.
“ Beware thou fall not into the shares of love; the women there are wise, the men are crafty, they will gather love by thy looks, and pick thy mind out of thy hands. · It shall be there better to hear what they say, than to speak what thou thinkest; they have long ears and short tongues, quick to hear and slow to utter: broad eyes and light fingers, ready to espy, and apt to strike. Every stranger is a mark for them to shoot at: yet this must I say, which in no country I can tell the like, that it is as seldom to see a stranger abused there, as it is rare to see any well-used elsewhere; yet presume not too much of the courtesy of them, for they differ in nature; some are hot, some cold ; onë simple, another wily: yet if thou use few words and fair speeches, thou shalt command any thing thou standest in need of.”—There is much good sense and truth in these remarks, which strongly remind us of Sir Henry Wotton's advise to Milton, when about to commence his travels. The following description of English customs is equally characteristic and correct."Concerning their diet, in number of dishes, and change of meat, the nobility of England do exeerd most, having all things that either may be bought for
money, or gotten for the season. Gentlemen and merchants feed very finely, and a poor man it is that dineth with one dish, and yet they are so content with a little, that having half dined, they say, as it were in a proverb, that they are as well satisfied as the Lord Mayor of London ; whom they think to fare best, though he eat not most.
“In their meals there is great silence and gravity, using wine rather to ease the stomach than to load it, not like unto other nations, who never think they have dined until they be drunken.
“ The attire they use is rather led by the imitation of others, than their own invention; so that there is nothing in England more constant than the inconstancy of attire : now using the French fashion, now the Spanish; then the Morisco gowns, then one thing, then another;, insomuch, that in drawing of an Englishman, the painter setteth him down naked, having in one hand a pair of sheers, in the other a piece of cloth; who having cut his collar after the French guise, is ready to nake his sleeve after the Barbarian manner. And although this were the greatest enormity that I could see in England, yet it is to be excused, for they that cannot maintain this pride, must leave off of necessity, and they that be able, will leave when they see the vanity.”
Euphues to Botonio, to take his exile patiently. “If I were as wise to give thee council, as I am willing to do thee good, or as able to set thee at liberty, as I am desirous to have thee free, thou shouldest neither want good advice to guide thee, nor sufficient help to restore. Thou takest it heavily, that thou shouldest be accused without colour, and banished with
out cause; and I think thee happy to be so well rid of the court, and be so void of care.
- « Thou sayest banishment is bitter to the free born, and I deem it the better if thou be without blame. There be many weats that be sour in the mouth, and sharp in the maw, but if thou mingle them with sweet sauces, they yield both a pleasant taste, and wholesome nourishment. Divers colours offend the eyes, yet having green among them, whet the sight. I speak this to this end, that though thy exile seem grievous to thee, yet, guiding thyself by the rules of philosophy, it shall be more tolerable. He that is cold doth not cover himself with care, but with clothes; lie that is washed in the rain drieth himself by the fire, not by his fancy; and thou that art banished oughtest not with tears to bewail thy hap, but in wisdom to heal thy hurt.
“Nature hath given to no man a country, no more than she hath houses, or lands, or livings. Socrates would neither call himself an Atheniau, neither a Grecian, but a Citizen of the World. Plato would never account him banished, that had the sun, air, water, and earth, that he had before ; where he felt the winter's blast and the summer's blaze, where the same sun and the same moon shined : whereby he noted that every place was a country to a wise man, and all parts a palace to a quiet mind.
* * * * * * * * “ And surely, if conscience be the cause thou art banished the court, I account thee wise in being so precise, that by the using of virtue thou mayst be exiled the place of vice. Better it is for thee to live with honesty in the country, than with honour in the court,
and greater will thy praise be in flying vanity, than thy pleasure in following trains. Choose that place for thy palace which is most quiet, custom will make it thy country, and an honest life will make it a quiet living: Philip falling in the dust, and seeing the figure of his own shape perfect in shew; “Good God," said he, we
desire the whole earth, and see how little serveth.” “ Zeno hearing that his only bark wherein all his wealth was shipped, had perished, cried out, “Thou hast done well fortune, to, thrust me into my gown again to learn philosophy.” Thou hast therefore, in my mind, great cause to rejoice that God by punishment hath compelled thee to strictness of lile, which hy liberty might have been grown to lewdness. When thou hast not one place assigned therein to live, but one forbidden thee, which thou mayst leave, then thou being denied but one, that excepted, thou mayst choose any. Moreover thus dispute with thyself, --I bear no office whereby I either should for fear please the noble, or for gain oppress the needy, I am no arbiter in doubtful cases, whereby I should either pervert justice, or incur displeasure. I am free from the broils of the strong, and the malice of the weak. I am out of the injuries of the seditious, and have escaped the threats of the ambitious. But as he that having a fair orchard, seeing one tree blasted, recounteth the discommodity of that, and passeth over in silence the fruitfulness of the others : so he that is banished, doth always lament the loss of his house, and the shame of his exile, not rejoicing in the liberty, quietness, and pleasure he enjoyeth by that sweet punishment.
“ The Kings of Persia were deemed happy in that they passed their winter in Babylon, in Media their
summer, and the spring in Susis. And certainly, the exile in this may be as happy as any king of Persia, for he may at his leisure, begin his own pleasure, lead his winter in Athens, his summer in Naples, his spring in Argos. But if he have any business in hand, he may study without trouble, sleep without care, and wake at his will without controulment.
“But thon sayest that banishment is shameful,—No truly, no more than poverty to the content, or grey hairs to the aged. It is the cause that maketh the shame; if thou wert banished upon choler; greater is thy credit in sustaining wrong, than thine enemies in committing injury: and less shame it is to thee to be oppressed by might, than their's that wrought it for malice. But thou fearest thou shalt not thrive in a strange nation, certainly thou art more afraid than hurt. The pine tree groweth as soon in Pharos as in Ida; the nightingale singeth as sweet in the desart as in the woods of Crete ; the wise man liveth as well in a far country, as in his own home. It is not the nature of the place, but the disposition of the person, that maketh life pleasant. Seeing therefore, Botonio, that all the sea is apt for any fish; that it is a bad ground where no flower will grow; that to the wise man all lands are as fertile as his own inheritance ; I desire thee to temper the sharpness of thy banishment with the sweetness of the cause, and to measure the clearness of thine own conscience with the spite of thine enemies' quarrel; so shalt thou avenge their malice with patience, and endure thy banishment with pleasure."*
* Lilly is said to have published some anonymons works; among others, one levelled at the Puritans, with the following