صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني
[ocr errors][merged small]

CHAP. III. Nature and Objects of the Union under the Con-

stitution.

74

CHAP. IV. Legislative Department House of Representatives.. 79

CHAP. V. The Senate ....

86

CHAP. VI. Elections Meetings of Congress Powers and Priv.

ileges of both Houses—Passing Bills.

92

CHAP. VII. Powers of Congress.—Taxes, Duties, &C............. 100

CHAP. VIII. Power to borrow Money-Payment of the Public

Debt.......

105

CHAP. IX. Regulation of Commerce...........

108

CHAP. X. Commerce continued--Navigation.........

113

CHAP. XI. Naturalization of Aliens Bankruptcy....

118

CHAP. XII. Money-Weight and Measures......

123

CHAP. XIII. Post Offices and Post Roads.

127

CHAP. XIV. Patents and Copy Rights.........

131

CHAP. XV. Piracies, Felonies, and Offences against the Law of

Nations ..

136

CHAP. XVI. Declaration of War—Marque and Reprisal---Cap-

tures--Army and Navy..........

139

CHAP. XVII. Local Jurisdiction-District of Columbia, and

other National Property

143

CHAP. XVIII. General Power to make all Necessary Laws...... 146

CHAP. XIX. Restrictions on the Powers of Congress .

149

CHAP. XX. Restrictions on the Powers of the States....

152

CHAP. XXI. Executive Department.— Term of Office, and Elec-

tion of President and Vice President....

155

CHAP. XXII. Qualifications and Compensation of President and

Vice President...........

160

CHAP. XXIII. Powers and Duties of the President...... 163

CHAP. XXIV. Executive Auxiliaries.--Department of State

of the Treasury-of War of the Navy-Attorney General... 169

CHAP. XXV. Judical Department.--Organization and Powers

of the several Courts.....

173

CHAP. XXVI. Treason

178

CHAP. XXVII. Effect of State Records Privileges of Citizens

Arrest of Fugitives Admission of States--Disposal of Public

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

PART FIRST.

PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT.

CHAPTER 1.

Government.--Capacity of Man for Society, and for Civil

Government.

§ 1. GOVERNMENT is the exercise of authority, or direction and restraint exercised over the actions of men. In a political sense, it signifies that form of fundamental rules by which a nation or state is governed, or by which the mem. bers of a body politic are to regulate their social actions. It means also the administration of public affairs, according to established constitutions, laws, and usages : and sometimes it signifies the persons or officers who make and administer the laws of a state or nation.

§ 2. Government presupposes that man is a social being. He is fitted, by the laws of his nature, for society and for civil government and laws. The Creator has so formed man, that he is dependent upon his fellow man. He stands in need of the assistance of creatures like himself, to preserve and protect his own being, and to enjoy the life of a rational animal. Nature has given to men the advantages of reason and speech, or at least the faculty of acquiring them by intercourse with their fellow beings. By conversing with each other, they are enabled to improve their reason and knowledge, and to find methods of supplying their wants, without that natural strength which is given to other animals.

§ 3. That mankind are by nature designed for society, may be inferred also from their disposition to associate with

EXERCISES.- 1. What is government ? 82, 3. Wherein consist

« السابقةمتابعة »