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A.M., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., AND M.R.I.A.,

one of the Eight Associates of the Imperial Institute of France—Officer of the Legion of Honour—
Chevalier of the Prussian Order of Merit of Frederick the Great—Honorary or Corresponding
Member of the Academies of St. Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin, Turin, Copenhagen,
Stockholm, Munich, Göttingen, Brussels, Haerlem, Erlangen, Canton de
Vaud, Modena, Florence, Venice, Washington, New York, Boston,
Quebec, Cape Town, etc. etc.; and Principal and Vice-
Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh.

t to mb (obition.

ED IN B L R G H :
ET) MONSTON AND ID OU GLAS.

M D C (" C L X.

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Frgo vivida vis animi pervicit, et extra

Processit longe flammantia moenia mundi :

Atque omne immensum paragravit mente amirnoque.
Ltic RR T1Us, Iib. i. 1.73.

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Nicolas Facio de Duillier attacks Leibnitz—Leibnitz appeals to Newton—He

reviews Newton's “Quadrature of Curves,” and accuses him of Plagiarism

—Newton's opinion of the Review—Dr. Keill defends Newton as the true

inventor of Fluxions, and apparently retorts the charge of Plagiarism on

Leibnitz, who complains to the Royal Society—Keill explains his defence—

The Royal Society approves of his explanation—Leibnitz calls Keill an

upstart, and begs the Royal Society to silence him—The Society appoints a

Committee to inquire into the claims of Leibnitz and Newton—The Com-

mittee report to the Society, who publish the result in the “Commercium

Epistolicum"—Instigated by Leibnitz, John Bernoulli attacks the Report,

and asserts, in a private Letter to Leibnitz, that he was the first inventor

of the new Calculus—Leibnitz circulates this Letter in a Charta Volans,

and gives up Bernoulli as the author of it—Keill replies to this Letter, and

attacks Bernoulli as its author, who solemnly denies it to Newton—Leibnitz

attacks Newton in a Letter to the Abbé Conti—Newton replies to it—The

Controversy excites great interest–Leibnitz urges Bernoulli to make a

public declaration in his favour—Bernoulli sends to Leibnitz the celebrated

Letter “Pro Eminente Mathematico,” on condition of his name being kept

secret—Leibnitz and Wolf alter this Letter improperly, and publish it in

such a form that Bernoulli is proved to be its author—Bernoulli is annoyed

by the discovery, and endeavours, by improper means, to evade the truth—

The Abbé Varignon reconciles Newton and Bernoulli—Death of Leibnitz—

Newton writes a History of the Calculus—General view of the Controversy,

and of the conduct of the parties, - - - - - - 1-43

CHAPTER XVI.

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